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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

Featured articles

MILITARY TRAINING AND PATRIOTIC UPBRINGING OF STUDENTS IN CHUVUSHIA ON MATERIALS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR IN 1941-1945

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The article analyses forms and methods of military training and patriotic upbringing of students at universities of the Chuvash Republic aimed at increasing their civic consciousness, political activity in the era of global informatization. Main directions in the development and consolidation of historical memory on the materials of the Great Patriotic War in 1941-1945 are singled out: lectures, talks, excursions, acquaintance with museum exhibits, meetings with veterans, discussions, scientific conferences, processions, laying of wreaths, work in project groups, participation in the search movement, etc.

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ON THE CORRELATION OF LAWS, PRINCIPLES, AND RULES OF COMPOSITION IN FINE ART

Posted in 2019, ARTS, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The article attempts to clarify a highly specialized issue of the correlation of rules, laws, and principles of composition in fine arts through the prism of their definitions as philosophical categories. The analysis of concepts enables us to assume the absence of its own laws of composition, as in many humanities. However, the possibility of using laws from related sciences that affect visualization is claimed. It is proposed to structure the theory of composition, which has no single standard for training, analysis and professional communication with regard to the conclusions made, therefore, replacing the wording “law of composition” with “principle of composition.”

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FOLK CHOREOGRAPHY AS AN INTEGRAL COMPONENT OF CLASSICAL BALLETS

Posted in 2019, ARTS, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The article discusses the reflection of national characters in classical ballet due to the use of folk stage choreography. Folk dance enriches the dancers with the knowledge of the choreographic art, teaches them the manner, the character of performance, develops their musicality, dance capability and emotionality. Art, in particular, choreography preserves and manifests the original cultural heritage of the country and helps in comprehending the cultural heritage of the peoples of the world each of them having a certain national colour. Folk dance is one of the founders of a huge variety of movements and elements in classical ballet in the history of stage dance.

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USE OF PERENNIAL LUPIN BIOMASS FOR COMPOST AND NUTRITION SOILS FORMATION

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The green mass of perennial lupine and composts formed on its basis are characterized by high fertilizing and phytopathogenic properties, the adaptive potential to the diversity of the soil environment. The paper shows the biological features, fertilizer value, varieties of perennial lupine, Grenadier, the features of composting its biomass with peat and the use in creating nutritious soil. The authors have found that over 600 kg/ha of NPK is introduced into the soil with biomass of this variety, which is equivalent to 47 t/ha of high-quality litter manure. Biological nitrogen makes more than 30% in the composition of nutrients. The agrochemical features of composts obtained on green biomass of perennial lupine are presented in this work; as well as organic nutrient soil “Sila of Suzdaliya” obtained using peat-green manure compost, humus, field land and recommended for use in farms and personal subsidiary plots for growing seedlings and fruits and vegetables.

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CREATION OF FEED STOCK OF EUROPEAN RADISH

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The success of breeding work, as is known, is determined by the feed stock to a large extent. Therefore, undoubtedly, the primary task is the study of local populations and the selection of the most interesting forms.

As a result of evaluating the feed stock of radish according to economically valuable characteristics, 2 genotypes were distinguished marked by high uniformity and marketability of the root crop. According to the shape of the variety, the following types were selected: rounded – 55.0% and flat-round – 45.0%. Winter round black radish was the most productive among the varieties of winter European radish with the yield of 4.3 kg/m2. Chemical analysis showed that root crops contain 3.62- 4, 55% of sugar. Winter round white radish turned out to be the best type with regard to this indicator.

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APPLICATION OF TRICHOGRAMS FOR REGULATION OF THE NUMBER OF CABBAGE PESTS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF PRIMORSK TERRITORY

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The article presents data on the use of Trichogramma ussuricum Sorokina against cabbage pests in the Primorsky Territory. The study was conducted in 2017-2018 in the field and laboratory. The effectiveness of the entomophage was evaluated. It was established that Trichogramma ussuricum controls the number of cabbage noctuid moths and turnip sulphur butterflies (under favorable weather conditions, infection is up to 92-100%).

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BREEDING TECHNOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF ENTOMOPHAGES BROUGHT UP ON ARTIFICIAL NUTRICULTURE MEDIUM WITH RESPECT TO PESTS OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

A method for the cultivation of Coccinellidae on artificial nutriculture media (ANM) is proposed allowing the simplification of the technology and the reduction of the cost of mass breeding of entomophages without reducing biological indicators, whereas data on the biological efficiency of entomophages raised on ANM in relation to aphids and mealybugs are presented.

The consumption of natural feed is reduced by 25-85%; sucrose by 17-20%, amino acids by 23-27% in developed artificial nutriculture media for Coccinellidae. A cheaper and more technologically advanced component, soy flour, was introduced into the composition of the media instead of casein. Palm oil was introduced instead of corn and coconut oils with a longer shelf life, which is especially important in a microclimate bio-laboratory environment, the media enriched with vitamins B1; AT 6; AT 12.

As a result of the studies, it was found that the biological efficiency of entomophages raised on ANM does not differ from the biological efficiency of those raised on natural food.

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EXPERIENCE OF CREATING ARTIFICIAL PLANTINGS IN DRY SHEEP FESCUE FEATHER-GRASS STEPPE OF NORTH KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The experience of creating artificial plantings of Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and drooping birch (Betula pendula Roth.) under the conditions of dry sheep fescue feather-grass steppe of Northern Kazakhstan is analyzed. It is established that Scots pine and drooping birch can create stable long-term plantings on forest-suitable soils even under extreme forest conditions. At the same time, Siberian elm, which is widely recommended in the scientific literature for afforestation under arid conditions, forms short-lived plantings and the conservation of viscous trees is possible only with systematic rejuvenation by “planting” trees on a stump. In the absence of silvicultural care, Siberian elm dries, dramatically reducing the aesthetic appeal of the created plantings.

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ANALYSIS OF USAGE OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN SELECTION OILSEED

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The introduction of highly productive oilseeds, reducing the level of dependence on varieties of foreign selection is considered to be one of the key tasks for the implementation by the Federal scientific and technical program for the development of agriculture for 2017-2025. Oilseed crops in the Russian Federation reach about 15% of all sown areas, but three oilseed crops dominate, these are sunflower, soy, and rape. Even though the cost of a sowing unit of sunflower seeds of a foreign hybrid significantly exceeds the cost of a sowing unit of sunflower seeds of domestic selection, a consumer chooses foreign varieties. The article analyzes the use of oilseeds of foreign selection in the production of sunflower, soybean, and rapeseed and compares the main indicators based on the results of tests in the Russian Federation of sunflower varieties of domestic and foreign selection.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF ACTION OF BIOLOGICAL PREPARATION AND FUNGICIDAL AGENTS AGAINST PLANT DISEASES, POTATOES TUBER AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON PRODUCTIVITY OF LAND

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

A study was carried out of the effectiveness of the impact of alternating biological (Vitaplan, Trichocin, Alirin-B) and chemical (Infinito, Consento) drugs with the reference fungicide Acrobat MC on the economic indicators of the Zekura potato variety. According to the results of testing of these protective agents against lbuck eye rot, the most promising combined action fungicides were identified and namely – Infinito, Consento. The use of drugs in potato growing technology allows protecting plants from fungal infection of Phytophtora infestans with efficiency up to 80.9-100%, increasing the productivity of land in relation to control by 74.0-76.6%, standard – 21-23%, marketability of tubers – 12.9-14.5% and 2.2-3.8%, respectively. The yield of healthy tubers is 100%. Additional income amounted to 301.4-308.3 thousand rubles/ha.

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