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ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2022.118.4.057

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Шмелева Ж. Н. ПРИНЦИПЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНО ЗНАЧИМЫХ КАЧЕСТВ У БУДУЩИХ МЕНЕДЖЕРОВ ПО ПЕРСОНАЛУ / Ж. Н. Шмелева, С. А. Капсаргина // Международный научно-исследовательский журнал. — 2022. — № 4 (118) Часть 3. — С. 131—133. — URL: https://research-journal.org/pedagogy/principy-formirovaniya-professionalno-znachimyx-kachestv-u-budushhix-menedzherov-po-personalu/ (дата обращения: 30.06.2022. ). doi: 10.23670/IRJ.2022.118.4.057
Шмелева Ж. Н. ПРИНЦИПЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНО ЗНАЧИМЫХ КАЧЕСТВ У БУДУЩИХ МЕНЕДЖЕРОВ ПО ПЕРСОНАЛУ / Ж. Н. Шмелева, С. А. Капсаргина // Международный научно-исследовательский журнал. — 2022. — № 4 (118) Часть 3. — С. 131—133. doi: 10.23670/IRJ.2022.118.4.057

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ПРИНЦИПЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНО ЗНАЧИМЫХ КАЧЕСТВ У БУДУЩИХ МЕНЕДЖЕРОВ ПО ПЕРСОНАЛУ

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2022.118.4.057

ПРИНЦИПЫ ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНО ЗНАЧИМЫХ КАЧЕСТВ
У БУДУЩИХ МЕНЕДЖЕРОВ ПО ПЕРСОНАЛУ

Научная статья

Шмелева Ж.Н.1, Капсаргина С.А.2, *

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-7346-3896;

2 ORCID: 0000-0003-2102-4776;

1, 2 Красноярский государственный аграрный университет, Красноярск, Россия

* Корреспондирующий автор (kpsv[at]bk.ru)

Аннотация

В статье проанализированы принципы формирования профессионально-значимых качеств будущих менеджеров по персоналу. На современном этапе развития общества любому работодателю для нормального функционирования и развития его предприятия необходимы профессионалы, умеющие быстро адаптироваться к окружающей среде, добывать необходимые знания и применять их на практике, поэтому проблеме компетентности уделяется все больше внимания. Компетентность формируется в процессе обучения и деятельности; и только при наличии профессионально-значимых качеств, знаний и умений работник сможет добиться успехов в профессиональной деятельности. Растет востребованность в специалистах, которые обладают развитыми управленческими качествами, свойственными менеджерам, умеющими творчески использовать в своей профессиональной деятельности знания, полученные в вузе.

Ключевые слова: менеджеры по персоналу, университет, компетентность, профессионально значимые качества, этапы.

THE PRINCIPLES OF THE PROFESSIONALLY SIGNIFICANT QUALITIES FORMATION
IN FUTURE PERSONNEL MANAGERS

Research article

Shmeleva Zh.N.1, Kapsargina S.A.2, *

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-7346-3896;

2 ORCID: 0000-0003-2102-4776;

1, 2 Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

* Corresponding author (kpsv[at]bk.ru)

Abstract

The article analyzes the principles of formation of professionally significant qualities of future personnel managers. At present stage of society development, any employer needs professionals who are able to adapt quickly to the environment, extract the necessary knowledge and apply it in practice for normal functioning and development, therefore, more attention is being paid to the problem of competence. Competence is formed in the process of training and activity; it requires constant monitoring and adjustment; it can and should be managed; and only then an employee with professionally significant qualities, knowledge and skills will be able to achieve a lot in professional activity. There is a growing demand for specialists who have developed managerial qualities characteristic of managers who are able to use creatively the knowledge gained at the university in their professional activities.

Keywords: personnel managers, university, competence, professionally significant quality,stages.

Introduction

Krasnoyarsk state agrarian university has been training future personnel managers in the training direction 38.03.03 for more than 20 years and has gained a lot of experience to provide the graduates with a wide range of competences: universal, general professional and professional. The Curriculum of this training direction is peculiar as it includes the English language learning for all period of studying. Moreover, 25% of disciplines in the Curriculum are taught by practitioners: mangers that are the leaders in the state and private companies. The role of HR managers is becoming more and more important and allows future graduates to acquire the ability to communicate with a large number of people; to increase the level of intellectual development as the recruiter must solve multifaceted tasks, complex issues related to personnel reshuffle; provides the opportunity to improve the personality, learn new skills, gain new knowledge. This job may seem simple at first glance. In fact, a specialist should both understand legal issues and know the office work. Moreover, he must be a good psychologist in order to understand within a short period of time what this or that candidate is. The most important goal of higher education is to train competent, creative-minded, competitive workers and specialists who are able to adapt to changing economic conditions, respond promptly to labor market requirements, navigate information flows, and are ready for further continuous professional self-development and self-realization. The training of such a specialist is associated with the formation and development of his professionally significant qualities, which are the main factor of successful professional activity [1], [7].

The purpose of the article is to analyze the principles of the professionally significant qualities formation in future personnel managers.

The tasks are as follows: to consider the concept of professionally significant qualities; to define their structure; to reveal the stages in the professional qualities formation; to determine the factors that facilitate this process.

To solve the above-mentioned tasks, the following methods were used: the analysis of theoretical and practical fundamental works of domestic and foreign researchers, analysis, generalization, induction, deduction, practical experiment, direct and indirect observation, questioning, testing.

The authors believe that professionally significant qualities of future personnel managers should be considered as a system of personal qualities, professional abilities, attitudes, ways and types of thinking that are a factor of efficiency and success in various types of activity. The structure of professionally significant properties of future personnel managers includes the following elements: properties that are connected with relationships, individual-personal properties, special abilities, social-personal abilities. Each element is differentiated by general and excess properties. General abilities meet the requirements for the professional suitability. Excess abilities meet the modern requirements of the competitive and constantly changing labor market. If we talk about properties that are connected with relationships and divide them into these two groups, then we see that the general are situational professional motivation, knowledge of professional ethical principles; stable civic position and excess are dominant professional motivation, professional values, stable civic identity and behavior. In the individual-personal properties the general are emotional balance, discipline, objectivity and honesty and excess are represented by flexibility of thinking, professional mobility, ability to self-education, self-development. Special abilities in terms of this division are as follows: the general are analytical, synthetic and predictive abilities and excess are critical, project and lean thinking. Social-personal abilities: the general include sociability, ability to resolve conflicts and excess include the ability for team building [2], [3], [4].

Work practice shows that young people choosing a profession often do not know its main characteristics, the requirements that it imposes on the individual psychological qualities of a future specialist, real life prospects associated with this profession. An unreasonable choice can further lead to unwillingness to work in this specialty: the process of professional self-determination becomes long, protracted, which negatively affects the development of personality. If we take into account that many schoolchildren have to start vocational training in vocational education institutions after the end of the 9th grade, the question of what ideas they start learning a profession with and how these ideas change during training is especially relevant.

Different professions require different professionally significant qualities, and the degree of their awareness has a noticeable impact on the choice of tasks, on the progress of activities, on self-confidence, etc.

Any profession requires a certain pace of performance, the ability to switch from one type of task to another, etc., that is, it is characterized by certain requirements for the psycho-physiological characteristics of a person. Along with professionally significant qualities, the model of professional and personal potential includes: psycho-physiological properties; professional orientation (value-motivational sphere); professional competence (the ability to implement professional knowledge and skills in socio-professional conditions). Considering professionally significant qualities, it is necessary to talk about individual typological features of the personality, which include: perception features: sensitivity, emotional reactivity; features of attention: concentration of attention, stability of attention, speed of psychophysical reactions, presence of connection of attention with memory and intelligence; psychomotor: precision of movements, activity; memory features: the speed of memorization, the strength of preservation of the learned material, the speed of reproduction, the speed of recognition of the previously studied material; features of thinking: professional thinking (theoretical, practical, reproductive, productive, visual-figurative, visual-effective, verbal-logical, analytical-logical, intuitive); speech: sociability; emotional: empathy, emotional intelligence; qualities connected with will: purposefulness, concentration, exactingness, confidence, independence, perseverance, conscientiousness, diligence, determination, responsibility, efficiency, diligence, practicality, self-criticism, emotional stability, morality, discipline [5], [6], [10].

Therefore, there is a need to create organizational and pedagogical conditions for the formation of a competitive personality of a new generation, its socio-professional culture and professional orientation, as well as the reorientation of the educational process to new living conditions and educational needs of the individual, society and the state. To achieve this goal, it is important to form professional competence, which includes, along with theoretical knowledge and practical skills, professionally significant personal qualities, as well as her ability and willingness to implement them in practice. Professional competence is an integrated professional and personal characteristic of a specialist, expressing his willingness and ability to perform professional functions.

The process of forming professionally significant qualities of future personnel managers includes the following stages: goal-setting, methodology choice, professional qualities content definition, organization, assessment and analyzing the results. The first stage includes the formation of professionally significant qualities in the structure of professional competence. Professional competence is an integrated professional and personal characteristic of a specialist, expressing his willingness and ability to perform professional functions. In the structure of professional competence, a number of competencies are distinguished: general (universal, key, supra-professional) and subject-specialized (professional). When choosing methodology we select various approaches: systemic, environmental, contextual, competence, activity-based, learner-centered, project-oriented and principles: consistency, continuity, integration professional, humanitarian and fundamental education, learning activities, involving social, personal and professional contexts, formal unity, non-formal and informal education. The third stage includes the analysis of the structural components of professionally significant qualities. The organizational stage represents the mechanisms for managing the content of education, human resources, and the educational process. At this stage the practitioners are attracted to the teaching process; English is taught with the professional and practical orientation; the educational process becomes multi-faceted as various digital and educational technologies are used (flipped classroom, blended learning, case-study, digitalization of HR process is described) [8], [9]. The assessment stage is a description of the criterion-evaluation apparatus of the study. Criteria and indicators are correlated with the components of professionally significant qualities and their content: axiological (professional motivation, professional values, civic position), individual-personal (emotional balance, discipline, objectivity and honesty, flexibility of thinking, professional mobility, ability to self-education, self-development), professional and personal (analytical abilities, synthetic abilities, predictive abilities, critical thinking, project thinking, lean thinking), social and personal (sociability, ability to resolve conflicts, customer orientation, team building) criteria. At this stage the levels of emotional intelligence, tolerance and empathy are evaluated with the help of special tests [1]. The results analysis stage describes the final outcomes of the professional qualities formation in the structure of graduates’ professional competence.

Conclusion

In conclusion it should be noted that these principles of professionally significant qualities proved to be effective as the graduate in this training direction are successfully employed, are able to defend their diploma projects in English and are competitive on the labor market not only in Russia but also abroad.

Конфликт интересов

Не указан.

Conflict of Interest

None declared.

Список литературы / References

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  2. Babeshko, E. A. Contextual Education as a Condition for the Development of Professional Qualities of a Manager / A. Babeshko // International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. – 2019. – Vol. 8. – No 2.1. – P. 975-980.
  3. Didactic possibilities of formation of university students professionally significant personal qualities / R. I. Platonova, L. P. Lazareva, A. M. Pechenyuk [et al.] // International Review of Management and Marketing. – 2016. – Vol. 6. – No 2. – 92-96.
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  7. Frolova, O. Y. The personnel competence qualification formation in the agro-industrial complex production systems: managerial aspect / O. Y. Frolova, L. V. Fomina, Zh. N. Shmeleva // IOP Conference Series, 2020. – P. 22029.
  8. Shmeleva, Zh. N. Learning a foreign language at the Krasnoyarsk SAU as the factor of the competitiveness increase for graduates of economic specialties / Zh. N. Shmeleva // Problems of modern agricultural science. Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 2019. – P. 524-529.
  9. Kapsargina, S. A. Professionally-oriented foreign language teaching in non-linguistic university / S. A. Kapsargina // Problems of modern agricultural science. Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 2019. – P. 414-419.
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