Pages Navigation Menu

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2022.119.5.139

Скачать PDF ( ) Страницы: 27-30 Выпуск: № 5 (119) Часть 3 () Искать в Google Scholar
Цитировать

Цитировать

Электронная ссылка | Печатная ссылка

Скопируйте отформатированную библиографическую ссылку через буфер обмена или перейдите по одной из ссылок для импорта в Менеджер библиографий.
Богдашкин А. Е. РАЗРАБОТКА РАНГОВОЙ СИСТЕМЫ В ПЛАВАНИИ В ЛАСТАХ КАК ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ СРЕДСТВО СРАВНЕНИЯ СПОРТИВНОГО РЕЗУЛЬТАТА / А. Е. Богдашкин, С. Н. Морозов, Е. А. Сауров // Международный научно-исследовательский журнал. — 2022. — № 5 (119) Часть 3. — С. 27—30. — URL: https://research-journal.org/pedagogy/razrabotka-rangovoj-sistemy-v-plavanii-v-lastax-kak-pedagogicheskoe-sredstvo-sravneniya-sportivnogo-rezultata/ (дата обращения: 30.06.2022. ). doi: 10.23670/IRJ.2022.119.5.139
Богдашкин А. Е. РАЗРАБОТКА РАНГОВОЙ СИСТЕМЫ В ПЛАВАНИИ В ЛАСТАХ КАК ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ СРЕДСТВО СРАВНЕНИЯ СПОРТИВНОГО РЕЗУЛЬТАТА / А. Е. Богдашкин, С. Н. Морозов, Е. А. Сауров // Международный научно-исследовательский журнал. — 2022. — № 5 (119) Часть 3. — С. 27—30. doi: 10.23670/IRJ.2022.119.5.139

Импортировать


РАЗРАБОТКА РАНГОВОЙ СИСТЕМЫ В ПЛАВАНИИ В ЛАСТАХ КАК ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ СРЕДСТВО СРАВНЕНИЯ СПОРТИВНОГО РЕЗУЛЬТАТА

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2022.119.5.139

РАЗРАБОТКА РАНГОВОЙ СИСТЕМЫ В ПЛАВАНИИ В ЛАСТАХ КАК ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКОЕ
СРЕДСТВО СРАВНЕНИЯ СПОРТИВНОГО РЕЗУЛЬТАТА

Научная статья

Богдашкин А.Е.1, *, Морозов С.Н.2, Сауров Е.А.3

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-7100-633X;

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-1825-097X;

3 ORCID: 0000-0002-1825-092X;

1, 2, 3 Российский Государственный Университет физической культуры, спорта, молодежи и туризма, Москва, Россия

* Корреспондирующий автор (swim.alex[at]mail.ru)

Аннотация

Разработанная ранговая система позволяет сравнивать результаты на различных дистанциях в плавании в ластах. Формула расчета очков была разработана на основе кубической зависимости и сравнения показанных результатов с мировыми рекордами по состоянию на 31 декабря прошлого года. Эта формула – понятная и удобная для внедрения в протоколы соревнований. Данная система обеспечит дополнительное стимулирование внимания спортсменов и тренеров к своим результатам, создаст базу для сбора дополнительной информации исследователям и повысит эффективность анализа соревновательной деятельности.

Ключевые слова: плавание в ластах, спортивные результаты, спорт высших достижений, таблица очков, ранговая система.

DEVELOPMENT OF A RANKING SYSTEM IN FINSWIMMING AS A PEDAGOGICAL TOOL
FOR THE COMPARISON OF ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE

Research article

Bogdashkin A.E.1, *, Morozov S.N.2, Saurov E.A.3

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-7100-633X;

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-1825-097X;

3 ORCID: 0000-0002-1825-092X;

1, 2, 3 Russian State University of Physical Culture, Sports, Youth and Tourism, Moscow, Russia

* Corresponding author (swim.alex[at]mail.ru)

Abstract

Created ranking system evaluates the level of performance across all the competitive disciplines in finswimming. The formula for counting points was created based on a cubic function and the comparison of athletic performance with the current world records as of December 31th 2021. This formula is transparent and convenient that makes it easy to implement it to competition protocols. This ranking system will stimulate athletes and coaches to pay more attention to their results and help researchers to collect more data and to analyse competitive activity more effectively.

Keywords: finswimming, sport, sport results, table points, ranking system.

Introduction

Finswimming is a group of disciplines of the underwater sport [2]. Athletes compete in the pool in different events from 50 to 1500 meters on the surface and under the water using monofin or bifins, snorkel or tank [6], [7]. As of April 2022, 85 sports federations are recognized by the International Olympic Committee, including The World Underwater Federation CMAS [9]. These sports have different rating systems such as subjective, accumulative and adjustive [5], [10]. Some sports don’t have a rating system at all [4].

During this research, protocols of competitive activity in swimming, track and field and skating were analyzed. These sports have different rating systems. It is considered that the most suitable systems are the ones that based on a world record. Systems like that are not perfect because world record performance can be much stronger than the rest of the top athletes. For example, world record at 200 meters freestyle in swimming was set in 2009 (1:42:00, Paul Biedermann, Germany, World championship 2009). Only one athlete was able to get close to this result since then (1:43:14, Yannick Agnel, France, Olympics 2012) [3]. Winners of the other world, European championships and Olympics from 2010 to 2021 showed much slower results and their ranking points are much less compared to athletes in different events.

Even though ranking system based on a world record is not perfect, it is very convenient to use, transparent for all the competition participants and adaptive to all the level results and competitions. It should be considered as a first step to evaluate the level of performance in different events in cyclic sports.

At the moment, there is no official ranking system in finswimming [8]. The modern points system, that competitions officials use, counts only places taken by athletes. This system is not effective and objective because it doesn’t count relativity of the results to the strongest athletes in the world. Thus, those points don’t allow to compare performances across different disciplines and are not useful for athletes, spectators and researchers.

The goal of this study is to create a system that will reliably compare athletes’ performances across all the competition disciplines, will be transparent for competitors and researchers and convenient for use.

Results

A points system that compares athletes results across all the disciplines was created during this research. Since there is no official ranking in finswimming, the base results for calculating points are world records recognized by CMAS as of December 31th previous year. The formula 1 for counting points at every discipline was based on a cubic function [1]:

1

P – points; B – base result (world record as of December 31th of the last year); T – athlete’s result.

The better the result, the more points an athlete gets. If an athlete swims faster than a previous year world record, his score will be more than 1000 points. Base results at all the distances for 2022 are in the table 1. The points table for men’s surface finswimming (SF) events are in the table 2, for women’s surface finswimming (SF) – in the table 3. Due to the requirements for volume of the paper, only pieces of the tables are given here (1005-990 points).

Table 1 – Base results for calculating points in 2022

Men (s) Discipline (m) Women (s)
13,7 50 apnea finswimming (AP) 15,1
15 50 surface finswimming (SF) 16,94
33,87 100 surface finswimming (SF) 38,02
79,54 200 surface finswimming (SF) 85,41
175,54 400 surface finswimming (SF) 192,1
376,24 800 surface finswimming (SF) 406,79
729,74 1500 surface finswimming (SF) 781,48
18,41 50 Bi-Fins (BF) 20,52
41,44 100 Bi-Fins (BF) 45,16
93,31 200 Bi-Fins (BF) 101,42
186,69 400 Bi-Fins (BF) 224,65
31,24 100 immersion finswimming (IM) 34,46
160,4 400 immersion finswimming (IM) 176,48

This table should be updated every year for correct working. If there are no new world records, the numbers in the table should remain.

Table 2 – Points table for 2022. Men, surface finswimming events (SF)

Points 50 SF 100 SF 200 SF 400 SF 800 SF 1500 SF
1005 14,97 33,81 79,4 175,27 375,61 728,52
1004 33,82 79,43 175,33 375,73 728,76
1003 14,98 33,83 79,46 175,39 375,86 729,01
1002 33,84 79,48 175,45 375,98 729,25
1001 14,99 33,85 79,51 175,51 376,11 729,49
1000 33,87 79,54 175,57 376,24 729,74
999 15 33,88 79,56 175,62 376,36 729,98
998 33,89 79,59 175,68 376,49 730,22
997 15,01 33,9 79,61 175,74 376,61 730,47
996 33,91 79,64 175,8 376,74 730,71
995 15,02 33,92 79,67 175,86 376,86 730,96
994 33,93 79,69 175,92 376,99 731,2
993 15,03 33,94 79,72 175,98 377,12 731,45
992 33,96 79,75 176,04 377,24 731,69
991 15,04 33,97 79,78 176,09 377,37 731,94
990 33,98 79,8 176,15 377,5 732,18

 

Table 3 – Points table for 2022. Women, surface finswimming events (SF)

Очки 50 SF 100 SF 200 SF 400 SF 800 SF 1500 SF
1005 37,95 85,26 191,78 406,11 780,18
1004 16,91 37,96 85,29 191,84 406,24 780,44
1003 37,98 85,32 191,9 406,38 780,7
1002 16,92 37,99 85,35 191,97 406,51 780,95
1001 16,93 38 85,38 192,03 406,65 781,21
1000 38,02 85,41 192,1 406,79 781,48
999 16,94 38,03 85,43 192,16 406,92 781,74
998 38,04 85,46 192,22 407,06 782
997 16,95 38,05 85,49 192,29 407,19 782,26
996 38,07 85,52 192,35 407,33 782,52
995 16,96 38,08 85,55 192,42 407,47 782,78
994 38,09 85,58 192,48 407,6 783,04
993 16,97 38,1 85,61 192,55 407,74 783,31
992 16,98 38,12 85,63 192,61 407,88 783,57
991 38,13 85,66 192,67 408,01 783,83
990 16,99 38,14 85,69 192,74 408,15 784,1

All the results in the tables are in seconds. 1000 points is a world record performance as of December 31th of the last year. At 50 meters events it’s possible that the same results close to 1000 points can be equal to two different cells. In this case, the lowest points are taken into account and some cells are empty.

Discussion

Implementation of this system will increase informativity and significance of competitions results at any level. A competition protocol will include the point score for every athlete’s performance (picture 1). If an athlete is disqualified, he gets 0 points.

 1

Fig. 1 – Competition protocol with points

At picture 1 we can see that points score fits the competition protocol, complement all the other data very well and allows to understand how strong every performance is.

Conclusion

Finswimming is a modern developing sport that lacks research. Using our ranking system for equal comparison of performance across all the competition disciplines will help the sport to become more popular and will create a significant base for future research in different fields, such as tactics, technique, history, overall performance analytics and others. It is recommended to The World Underwater Federation (CMAS) to start implementing this system to every competition protocol. It will not only additionally stimulate athletes and coaches to pay more attention to their results, but also it will help researchers to collect more data and to analyse competition activity more effective.

Конфликт интересов

Не указан.

Conflict of Interest

None declared.

Список литературы / References

  1. Bauer M. The arithmetic of certain cubic function fields / M. Bauer // Mathematics of Computation. – 2004. – Vol. 73. – №. 245. – P. 387-413.
  2. Bogdashkin A. World record analysis in finswimming / A. Bogdashkin, S. Morozov // Proceedings of XIV International scientific and practical conference of students and young science “Modern University Sport Science”–2020.
  3. Demarie S. Prediction and Analysis of Tokyo Olympic Games Swimming Results: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Swimmers’ Performance / S. Demarie, E. Chirico, C. Galvani //International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. – 2022. – Vol. 19. – №. 4. – P. 2110.
  4. Kolodeznikova S. I. Organizational and pedagogical conditions of grade-rating system implementation in the Institute of Sports and Physical Education of North-Eastern Federal University / S. I. Kolodeznikova //European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences. – 2012. – Vol. 1. – №. 3. – pp. 49-51.
  5. Patel, A. K. A framework for quantifying the effectiveness of humanbased rating systems / A. K. Patel, P. J. Bracewell, // The Proceedings of the 14th Australian Conference on Mathematics and Computers in Sports. Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia: ANZIAM MathSport. ISBN: 978-0-646-95741-8.
  6. Safei I. A comparison of anthropometry and physiological characteristics of finswimming athletes on short and long distance numbers / I. Safei, S. Bahri, D. Resmana //Jurnal SPORTIF: Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran. – 2021. – Vol. 7. – №. 1. – P. 124-135.
  7. Saurov E. Hypoxic intervention in elite finswimmers as factor of development of the athletic performance / E. Saurov //Modern University Sport Science. – 2019. – P. 242-245.
  8. Saurov, E. A. A machine learning approach to predict competitive performance in finswimming using training features / E. A. Saurov, S. N. Morozov // Proceedings of XIV International scientific and practical conference of students and young science “Modern University Sport Science”–2020.
  9. Stefani R. The methodology of officially recognized international sports rating systems / R. Stefani //Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports. – 2011. – Vol. 7. – №. 4.
  10. Thuis C. Visualisation of Sport Rating Systems / C. Thuis, B. O. K. Intelligentie, C. Schaffner //Bachelor thesis. University of Amsterdam. – 2013.

Оставить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

Лимит времени истёк. Пожалуйста, перезагрузите CAPTCHA.