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ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2020.95.5.108 - Доступен после 18.05.2020

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Селезнева Н. Е. ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ИНОЯЗЫЧНОЙ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЙ КОММУНИКАТИВНОЙ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТИ В УСЛОВИЯХ ВОЕННОГО ВУЗА / Н. Е. Селезнева, Л. И. Редькина // Международный научно-исследовательский журнал. — 2020. — №. — С. . — URL: https://research-journal.org/pedagogy/formation-of-foreign-language-professional-communicative-competence-in-a-military-higher-educational-establishment/ (дата обращения: 05.06.2020. ). doi: 10.23670/IRJ.2020.95.5.108

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ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ИНОЯЗЫЧНОЙ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЙ КОММУНИКАТИВНОЙ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТИ В УСЛОВИЯХ ВОЕННОГО ВУЗА

ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ИНОЯЗЫЧНОЙ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЙ КОММУНИКАТИВНОЙ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТИ В УСЛОВИЯХ ВОЕННОГО ВУЗА

Научная статья

Селезнева Н.Е.1, *, Редькина Л.И.2

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-8006-1799,

1 Черноморское высшее военно-морское училище имени П.С. Нахимова, Севастополь, Россия;

2 Гуманитарно-педагогическая академия (филиал) КФУ им. В.И. Вернадского в г. Ялта, Ялта, Россия

* Корреспондирующий автор (natashaseleznyova[at]yahoo.co.uk)

Аннотация

Целью статьи является анализ существующих в современных научных исследованиях подходов к определению сути и содержания иноязычной профессиональной коммуникативной компетентности (ИПКК), выделение особенностей формирования ИПКК в высшем военном образовательном заведении и обосновании возможности актуализации опыта военно-учебных заведений Крыма и анализ результатов экспериментальной апробации авторского учебно-методического комплекса дисциплины «Иностранный язык», направленного на усиление профессиональной направленности обучения и самостоятельной работы обучающихся, для повышения качества иноязычного образования военных специалистов.

Ключевые слова: иноязычная профессиональная коммуникативная компетентность, военный вуз.

FORMATION OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFESSIONAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN A MILITARY HIGHER EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT

Research article

Seleznyova N.Ye.1, *, Redkina L.I.2

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-8006-1799,

1 Black Sea Higher Naval School named after P.S. Nakhimov, Sevastopol, Russia;

2 Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy (affiliate) CFU named after V.I. Vernadsky, Yalta, Russia

* Corresponding author (natashaseleznyova[at]yahoo.co.uk)

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to analyze the existing approaches in modern scientific research to determine the essence and content of foreign language professional communicative competence (FLPCC), highlight the criteria and indicators of estimating the FLPCC formation level in higher military educational institutions and substantiate the possibility of updating the experience of military educational institutions in the Crimea, and analyze the results of experimental testing of the author’s educational and methodological complex (EMC) of the discipline Foreign Language, aimed at facilitating the professional orientation of training and student self-study to improve the quality of foreign language education of military specialists.

Keywords: foreign language professional communicative competence, military higher educational establishment.

Introduction

Currently, the military educational institutions of Crimea have a system of foreign language education, which is well provided with a legal framework, qualified personnel, material, technical and methodological supplies, but in the light of the modernization of Russian education, all its components need to be updated and improved, especially at the level of higher military educational establishments [10, P.142]. Among the most urgent tasks challenging the heads and teaching staff of military educational institutions are strengthening the professional orientation of training and foreign language education, encouraging the motivation of the cadets and trainees for learning a foreign language both in class and during self-study; the use of innovative tools, techniques and methods of training; achieving compliance of academic programs, syllabus and methodological materials with the requirements of education modernization and international standards for academic results. The implementation of positive experience of military educational institutions in Crimea at the end of the XX – beginning of the XXI century, including the introduction of updated educational methodological complexes of the discipline Foreign Language, aimed at improving the effectiveness of military specialists’ foreign language training, can contribute to the solution of these tasks.

Methods

During the pedagogical experiment the application of the author’s educational and methodical complex for the discipline “Foreign Language” (specialty 26.05.03 “Construction, repair and search and rescue support of surface ships and submarines”), developed in the context of modernization of foreign-language education in order to improve the effectiveness of foreign-language training of military specialists, was tested on the basis of the Black Sea Higher Naval School named after P. S. Nakhimov (BSHNS) (Sevastopol). The methodological complex included:

– the syllabus and thematic plan of the Foreign Language course for the specialty 26.05.03 “Construction, repair and search and rescue support of surface ships and submarines”, developed in the 2014-2015 academic year, revised in 2015-2017, in order to improve the professional orientation of foreign language education of cadets and meet the modern requirements of modernization of foreign language education of military specialists;

– printed textbook “English for divers”, published in 2017, intended for training 3-4 year cadets of military specialties “Special Purpose Underwater Work” and “Operation and Repair of Diving and Deep-Diving Vehicles” which encompasses narrowly specialized topics specified in the syllabus and thematic plan;

– electronic course-book “English for divers. Introduction” for 3-4 courses of the above mentioned specialty, released in 2019, created to facilitate the motivation and intensification of independent individual educational and cognitive activities of cadets in the professional sphere using a foreign (English) language; development of self-education skills and communicative reflection. The course-book was created with the SUNRAV program. It consists of 4 relevant to the curriculum modules and includes texts, speech and language exercises with the possibility of computer verification, videos, glossary, list of abbreviations, and additional specialized reading materials.

The pedagogical experiment was preceded by a theoretical study of the problems of determining the essence and content of the concept of foreign-language professional communicative competence and methods to assess and improve the effectiveness of its formation, which was widely covered in the dissertation works of such researchers as R.N. Abitov [2], A.M. Andrienko [3], O.A. Senichkina [11], A.V. Obskov [7], E.O. Petrova [8], L.T. Rudometova [9], O.V. Flerov [12], and others. The issues of the efficiency of implementing multimedia, computer-assisted learning, Internet resources and information technology to improve the process of forming foreign-language professional communicative competence have been under discussion of S.S. Mironceva [6], Kh.S. Abdulaieva [1], V.I. Volchkova [4], etc. which have also been considered during the research. As stated in the article by V.I. Volchkova, the use of information technology elements in classes helps to form the ability of students to work with various information, critical attitude towards it, develops logical thinking, provides information and emotional saturation of lessons, promotes interest of students to the subject, and activates their creative potential with the surrounding life [4].

Results

Based on the study and generalization of research in the field of the content of foreign language professional communicative competence, the main components of FLPCC were identified: linguistic (the ability to apply and analyze the acquired knowledge of language and speech; to build grammatically, syntactically and stylistically correct oral and written speech in a foreign language), regulatory (the ability to independently carry out educational, cognitive and professional activities by means of a foreign language), intercultural (the ability to understand the socio-cultural characteristics of another nation through the study of its language) and communicative (the ability to carry out domestic and professional communication in 4 types of speech activity: speaking, listening, reading and writing) competence.

The pedagogical experiment included stating, forming and control stages. At the stating stage was carried out the initial diagnostics of the foreign language professional communicative competence formation level as a key performance indicator of achieving the goals of foreign language education was performed among the students of 3rd -4th courses of study of the faculty of coastal missile and artillery troops and special training (4 groups, 14 persons each). The experimental and control groups (2 groups of 28 cadets) were formed.

Based on the main components of the FLPCC, the main criteria, indicators and methods for assessing the levels of formation of the FLPCC were determined:

– performance-speech criterion (reflecting performance in professional communication knowledge and skills obtained in the training course); its indicators: the expansion of active vocabulary, fluency development, reducing the number of grammatical errors, an increase in linguistic and sociocultural knowledge in the field of professional activities; the assessment method is a comprehensive test used for mid-term assessment of cadets at the end of the academic year and developed on the basis of the STANAG test, used since the 1970s by NATO member countries and partners, reissued in 2010 to determine the level of foreign language proficiency of military specialists;

– motivation-activity criterion (evaluating the desire of students to independently improve the level of their foreign language training and FLPCC); indicators: awareness of the practical significance of mastering the foreign language and its improvement for a modern military specialist, increasing speech activity, intensification of the use of authentic foreign language materials in everyday, educational, research activities; evaluation method – a questionnaire on the methodology of diagnostics of the orientation of educational motivation developed by T.D. Dubovitskaya [5], which includes 20 statements and answer options (+, -) and the implementation of individual projects in the foreign language training.

 

Table 1 – Results of assessing the FLPCC formation levels at the stating stage of the experiment, (in %)

experimental group control group
criteria/ levels high medium low high medium low
performance -speech 14,28 39,27 57,12 10,71 35,71 53,55
motivation-activity 7,14 32,13 60,69 7,14 35,71 57,12

 

At the forming stage, the author’s EMC was implemented, which included a syllabus, a thematic plan, and a printed and electronic course-book “English for divers” developed for them, corresponding to the specifics of cadets’ professional education for 3 and 4 courses of training.

At the control level the final assessment of students’ FLPCC formation level (high, medium, low) was carried out via standard interim test on the performance-speech criterion, and by means of observation of speaking activity in the classroom, personal interest in self-study, participation in individual projects and research work with the use of a foreign language on the motivation-activity criterion.

 

Table 2 – Dynamics of performance-speech criteria indicators, (in %)

experimental group control group
levels stating stage control stage stating stage control stage
high 14,28 24,99 10,71 14,28
medium 39,27 60,69 35,71 39,27
low 57,12 14,28 53,55 46,41

 

 

Table 3 – Dynamics of motivation-activity criteria indicators, (in %)

experimental group  control group
levels stating stage control stage stating stage control stage
high 7,14 24,99 7,14 10,71
medium 32,13 42,84 35,71 28,56
low 60,69 32,13 57,12 64,26

 

The data presented in tables 2 and 3 show that the teaching materials and methods used in the experimental group significantly increased the differences in the dynamics of increasing the level of FLPCC. Thus, the indicator of a high level of performance-speech criterion in the experimental group increased by 10.71%, and in the control group only by 3.57%; the average level – by 21.42% in the experimental group and by 3.56 % in the control group.

As for the motivation-activity criterion, the percentage of high-level cadets in the experimental group increased by almost 18%, and in the control group – by 3%. The number of mid-level cadets increased by almost 10% in the experimental group and decreased by 7% in the control group. At the same time, interest in the study of cadets in the experimental group with a low level of motivation increased significantly (by 28.56%), and in the control group it decreased by 7.14%.

Discussion

The analysis of the results of cross-sections in the experimental and control groups (table 2, 3) allowed us to summarize that the experimental group saw a constant increase in the number of cadets with high and average indicators of formation of FLPCC according to performance-speech and motivation-activity criteria to a much greater extent than in the control group.

The results of the current control, intermediate tests and work in the classroom showed significant improvements in the implementation of foreign language communication, expanding the active vocabulary, linguistic and socio-cultural knowledge in the field of professional activity of the majority of cadets in the experimental group, along with increased speech activity, interest in learning and using a foreign language not only in the classroom, but also in self-study, in the process of preparing presentations for the meetings of the scientific society of cadets, participating in international competitions “Depth”, held in Sevastopol in 2018-2019.

Conclusion

Thus, the results of the pedagogical experiment prove the effectiveness of implementation in the learning process of proven teaching materials because it shows a significant increase in the level of formation of foreign language professional communicative competence of students, which confirms the importance of modernization of all components of foreign language education and updating the Sevastopol Black Sea Higher Naval School named after P.S. Nakhimov experience in the sphere of improvement of content, methods and means of foreign language education to improve the quality of foreign language training of military specialists.

Конфликт интересов

Не указан.

Conflict of Interest

None declared.

Список литературы / References

  1. Абдулаева, Х.С. Формирование коммуникативной компетентности будущих бакалавров с использованием средств мультимедиа (профиль подготовки «Иностранный язык»): автореферат дис. … кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / Х.С.Абдулаева. – Махачкала, 2018. – 23 с.
  2. Абитов, Р.Н.Дидактико-методический комплекс интенсификации иноязычной подготовки студентов в техническом вузе: автореферат дис. … кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / Р.Н.Абитов. – Казань, 2019. – 23 с.
  3. Андриенко, А.М. Развитие иноязычной профессиональной коммуникативной компетентности студентов технического вуза (на основе кредитно-модульной технологии обучения): автореферат дис. … кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / А.М.Андриенко. – Ростов-на-Дону, 2007. – 26 с.
  4. Волчкова, В.И. Использование современных информационных технологий в обучении иностранным языкам / В.И.Волчкова // Наука и спорт: современные тенденции. – № 2. – Том 19. – 2018 г. – c.69-73.
  5. Дубовицкая, Т.Д. Методика диагностики направленности учебной мотивации / Т.Д. Дубовицкая // Психологическая наука и образование. – 2002. – №2. – С.42–46.
  6. Миронцева, С.С. Формирование иноязычной профессионально ориентированной компетенции будущих менеджеров с использованием электронных образовательных ресурсов: дис…. кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / С.С. Миронцева. – Ялта, 2019. – 211 с.
  7. Обсков, А.В. Педагогические условия и формы реализации интерактивного обучения иностранному языку студентов технического вуза: автореферат дис. … кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / А.В. Обсков. – Томск, 2017. – 23 с.
  8. Петрова, Е.О. Формирование готовности студентов к профессионально ориентированному иноязычному общению в образовательной среде вуза: автореферат дис. … кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / Е.О.Петрова. – Красноярск, 2017. – 25 с.
  9. Рудометова, Л.Т.Формирование иноязычной компетентности будущих специалистов в процессе профессиональной подготовки в неязыковом вузе: автореферат дис. … кандидата педагогических наук: 13.00.08 / Л.Т.Рудометова. – Кемерово, 2014. – 23 с.
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Список литературы на английском языке / References in English

  1. Abdulaeva, H.S. Formirovanie kommunikativnoj kompetentnosti budushhih bakalavrov s ispol’zovaniem sredstv mul’timedia (profil’ podgotovki «Inostrannyj jazyk») [Formation of Communicative Competence of Future Bachelors Using Mass Media (Specialty “Foreign Language”)] : abstract of dis. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / H.S. – Mahachkala, 2018. – 23 p. [in Russian]
  2. Abitov, R.N. Didaktiko-metodicheskij kompleks intensifikacii inojazychnoj podgotovki studentov v tehnicheskom vuze [Didactic and Methodological Complex of Intensification of Foreign Language Training of Students in a Technical University] / R.N. Abitov : abstract of diss of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 /. – Kazan’, 2019. – 23 p. [in Russian]
  3. Andrienko, A.M. Razvitie inojazychnoj professional’noj kommunikativnoj kompetentnosti studentov tehnicheskogo vuza (na osnove kreditno-modul’noj tehnologii obuchenija) [Development of Foreign-Language Professional Communicative Competence of Technical University Students (Based on Credit-Modular Technology of Training)] : abstract of diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / A.M. Andrienko. – Rostov-na-Donu, 2007. – 26 p. [in Russian]
  4. Volchkova, V.I. Ispol’zovanie sovremennyh informacionnyh tehnologij v obuchenii inostrannym jazykam [Use of Modern Information Technologies in Teaching Foreign Languages] / V.I. Volchkova // Nauka i sport: sovremennye tendencii [Science and Sport: Current Trends]. – № 2. – Volume 19. – 2018 – P.69-73. [in Russian]
  5. Dubovickaja, T.D. Metodika diagnostiki napravlennosti uchebnoj motivacii [Methods for Diagnosing the Orientation of Educational Motivation] / T.D. Dubovickaja // Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education]. – 2002. – №2. – P.42–46. [in Russian]
  6. Mironceva, S.S. Formirovanie inojazychnoj professional’no orientirovannoj kompetencii budushhih menedzherov s ispol’zovaniem jelektronnyh obrazovatel’nyh resursov [Formation of Foreign Language Professionally Oriented Competence of Future Managers Using Electronic Educational Resources]: diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / S.S. Mironceva. – Jalta, 2019. – 211 p. [in Russian]
  7. Obskov, A.V. Pedagogicheskie uslovija i formy realizacii interaktivnogo obuchenija inostrannomu jazyku studentov tehnicheskogo vuza [Pedagogical Conditions and Forms of realization of Interactive Foreign Language Learning of Students of Technical Universities]: abstract of diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / A.V. Obskov. – Tomsk, 2017. – 23 p. [in Russian]
  8. Petrova, E.O. Formirovanie gotovnosti studentov k professional’no orientirovannomu inojazychnomu obshheniju v obrazovatel’noj srede vuza [Formation of Students’ Readiness for Professionally Oriented Foreign Language Communication in the Educational Environment of the University]: abstract of diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / E.O.  Petrova. – Krasnojarsk, 2017. – 25 p. [in Russian]
  9. Rudometova, L.T. Formirovanie inojazychnoj kompetentnosti budushhih specialistov v processe professional’noj podgotovki v nejazykovom vuze [Formation of Foreign Language Competence of Future Specialists in the Process of Professional Training in a Non-Linguistic University] : abstract of diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / L.T. Rudometova. – Kemerovo, 2014. – 23 p. [in Russian]
  10. Seleznyova, N.Ye. Sovremennoe sostojanie inojazychnogo obrazovanija v ChVVMU imeni P.S. Nakhimova [The Modern State of Foreign Language Education in BSHNS named after P. S. Nakhimov] / N.Ye. Seleznyova, // Mir nauki, kul’tury, obrazovanija [World of Science, Culture, Education]. – № 2 (81). – 2020. – P. 140-142. [in Russian]
  11. Senichkina, O.A. Metody ocenivanija sformirovannosti inojazychnoj kommunikativnoj kompetencii studentov-psihologov (na materiale anglijskogo jazyka) [Methods of evaluating the formation of foreign language communicative competence of psychology students (based on the English language)] : diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.02 / O.A. Senichkina. – Sankt-Peterburg, 2015. – 229 p. [in Russian]
  12. Flerov, O.V. Povyshenie jeffektivnosti obuchenija studentov inostrannomu jazyku na osnove kommunikativnoj metodiki [Improving the Effectiveness of Teaching Students a Foreign Language on the Basis of Communicative Methods] : diss. … of PhD in Pedagogics : 13.00.08 / O.V. Flerov. – Moskva, 2013. – 243 p. [in Russian]

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