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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

Featured articles

THE RISK OF BLEEDING IN WOMEN AFTER COVID-19 DURING PREGNANCY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

The aim of the article is to determine the risk factors for obstetric bleeding in women in labor against the background of COVID-19.

Material and methods. In the Municipal State Enterprise “Perinatal Center of Karaganda” and the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Perinatology of the Medical University of Karaganda, an analysis of 200 women in labor was performed. The examined women in labor were randomized into 2 groups depending on the presence of COVID-19. The first (n=100) was women in labor with confirmed coronavirus infection, their average age was 29.7±4.81 years. The second group (n=100) – women in labor without COVID-19, their age is 30.2 ± 5.23 years.The type of research is prospective, the method is with a solid sample, with the second level of evidence. The study determined the severity of endotoxicosis, the processes of lipoperioxidation, the functional state of microcirculation and the hemostasis system.

Results. The development of obstetric bleeding in the period before and after childbirth is associated with coronavirus infection, which causes a number of disorders in the homeostasis system such as the manifestation of endogenous intoxication syndrome, the development of oxidative stress, activation of the phospholipase system, inhibition of antioxidant activity, microcirculatory depression, and hemostatic disorders (hypocoagulation, hyperfibrinolysis). In women in labor with coronavirus infection, it was also noted that the incidence of obstetric bleeding was higher relative to the comparison group both before childbirth – by 10 times (p=0.01), and after childbirth – by 29 times (p=0.01). The use of caesarean section also had its own peculiarity, it was associated with COVID-19 infection. Their number coincided with the frequency of obstetric bleeding (p= 0.01).

Conclusion. These clinical and laboratory data on the deviation of homeostasis, including the coagulation system of blood, have academic significance, and determine the vector of the pathogenetic process of women in labor with coronavirus disease before and after the labor period. Knowing the course, prognoses, and outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth of women who have had a coronavirus infection, it is possible to reduce the number of postpartum bleeding and operative delivery.

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BUSINESS RISKS AND WAYS TO REDUCE THEM

Posted in 2022, ECONOMICS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

Any entrepreneurial activity begins with the preparation of a business plan, as well as the calculation of risks. Entrepreneurial risk is the risk of losses and loss of income as a result of making certain management decisions related to financial and economic activities. When starting a business, managers try to “catch” the balance between making a profit and reducing losses. In order to obtain a positive economic result, they must consciously make a risky decision. It is noteworthy that it is impossible to calculate the risk of an action in advance, to anticipate the level of the final result, since entrepreneurial activity is always unpredictable. This article is aimed at studying entrepreneurial risks so that the reader can resist negative impacts in the future. The study also proposes an algorithm for reducing certain types of risks.

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FORMATION OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2022, ECONOMICS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

All branches of management require qualified personnel, this issue is especially relevant for the agricultural sector. Digital technologies are developing in crop production and animal husbandry, respectively, personnel who are able to work in new conditions are needed. Specialized educational institutions are engaged in the training of such specialists, while professional development programs are being developed to preserve existing personnel. The training system must meet the requirements of the modern development of the industry, form digital competencies, promote the professional development of employees, as well as meet the requirements of employers and students to the content of the program. The article notes that there is a discrepancy between the level of development of technological processes at the present stage of agricultural development and the level of personnel training. The article presents the tasks for the preservation and functioning of personnel working in rural areas.

The theoretical and practical significance of the study lies in the use of the results of the analysis of the existing development of education and the formulation of tasks for the preservation and reproduction of personnel working in rural areas.

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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE INCIDENCE OF CHICKENPOX IN CHILDREN

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

The aim of the study. To study the epidemiological situation of chickenpox among children of the Astrakhan region in the period from 2016 to 2020.

Materials and methods. The share of so-called “children’s infections” (measles, chickenpox, whooping cough, scarlet fever, diphtheria, mumps) in the structure of the total infective and parasitic morbidity of children was 3.0% (n=27145), while the first place among these infections belongs to chickenpox – 93.7% (n=25440).

The results of the study. Cases of chickenpox were recorded in children of all age groups, while most often they occurred in preschool children (1-7 years old) – 65.9% (n=16753). Cases of chickenpox were twice as rare in school–age children (7-17 years old) – 31.3% (n=7966). And in rare cases – 2.8% (n= 721) was observed in children of the first year of life.

Considering the infection rate of children depending on their place of residence, it can be noted that most of the cases were recorded in the regional center and amounted to 50.2% (n=12776).

If we were to consider the infection rate of children by age groups, then the largest number of cases of the disease was mainly among children living in the urban area. 2.9% (n=364) of all cases of chickenpox registered in the city limits and 50.5% of all cases of the disease in this age group were registered in children under the age of 1 year.

Conclusions. As evidenced by the above-mentioned indicators, the incidence of chickenpox in children in Astrakhan Oblast remains tense. Children of all age groups are susceptible to infection, with more than half being patients aged 1 to 7 years.

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ON THE IMPACT OF SANCTIONS ON THE ENERGY SECTOR OF THE EUROPEAN UNION

Posted in 2022, ECONOMICS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

In the European Union, concerns about disruptions in the supply of energy resources from Russia have intensified. In this article, the author examines the issue of the impact of mutual sanctions of the EU and Russia on the European energy sector in modern political reality. The study reflects the current degree of dependence of the European Union on Russian energy. The author outlines the positions of the heads of the EU member states regarding the imposition of energy sanctions against Russia prohibiting the import of energy resources, as well as the position of the Russian side on the introduction of counter-sanctions. Also, the article determines the actual changes in the EU energy sector in the form of rising energy prices and increased imports. Rethinking the EU’s energy strategy will lead to long-term changes in the sector, including a reduction in energy dependence on Russia.

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ASSESSMENT OF WORKING CONDITIONS OF PHARMACEUTICAL WORKERS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

The work of pharmacists can be attributed to intense types of work. In the course of their work, pharmacists have to deal with industrial hazards that negatively affect their health. The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life indicators of pharmacists in Astrakhan. To obtain representative data, 101 questionnaires of pharmaceutical workers in pharmacies were analyzed. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that it is necessary to develop preventive and therapeutic measures to preserve and restore the health of specialists in pharmacies, as well as create conditions that ensure reliability in work.

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THE 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AS AN ENVIRONMENT FOR THE FORMATION OF UNIVERSAL HUMAN COMPETENCIES IN THE LABOR MARKET

Posted in 2022, ECONOMICS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the changes in the labor market in the context of the 4th Industrial Revolution. The transformations taking place in the social and labor sphere under the influence of information and communication technologies, network systems, other resources, and institutions of the new digital economy are a complete, comprehensive transformation of values, motivational attitudes, hierarchies, sources of development, resource structure, forms, and technologies of interaction, forms and scales of employment, level, structure, income differentiation. The study pays attention to the dependence of the integrated implementation of automation and robotization of production and reducing the demand for workers with a low level of education and low professional qualifications. It is noted that under the influence of the fourth industrial revolution in the coming years, the main attention will be paid to the universal competencies themselves, while the professional ones will fade into the background.

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DEVELOPMENT OF AN OXIDIZER AND REACTION CONDITIONS FOR A STABLE AND REPRODUCIBLE DETERMINATION OF CAFFEINE VIA THE MUREXIDE TEST

Posted in 2022, CHEMISTRY, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

Control of the content of N-methyl derivatives of uric acid as active substances or concomitant substances is necessary for more than 150 drugs included in the State Register of Medicines. The murexide test is a reliable way to identify caffeine and other purine derivatives, it is used as a basis in a number of physico-chemical instrumental methods. The study develops the optimal composition of the oxidizer and the conditions for conducting a murexide test for a simple, two-stage method for the qualitative determination of caffeine and other purine derivatives both in pure form and in medicinal preparations. This makes it possible to achieve reproducibility and reliability of the reaction results. The experimental studies show that the discrepancy in the color of the reaction products with the claimed methods is associated with the formation of tetramethylalloxanthine. The authors analyze the advantages of the developed methodology in comparison with the literature data.

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CURRENT PROBLEMS OF USING REMOTE TECHNOLOGIES IN A COMMERCIAL BANK

Posted in 2022, ECONOMICS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the analysis of the use of remote technologies in one of the largest banks. The study introduces a periodization of the development of remote technologies from 2013 to the present, including modern innovative developments in this area. The authors perform calculations and demonstrate the results of comparing the bank’s costs when purchasing software and developing it independently for a remote banking system. The advantage of remote technologies is confirmed by a reduction in the complexity of performing the service from ₽13.85 with traditional customer service and up to ₽1.52 in the case of remote service. The article also identifies and systematizes the key problems hindering the development of remote technologies in commercial banks of Russia, as well as in the bank under study.

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A GEOECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF THE LAKE ARKHIEREYSKOE IN THE LAISHEVSKY DISTRICT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The paper analyzes the ecological state of the lake Arkhiereyskoe (Republic of Tatarstan). The article features a cartographic analysis of modern changes, a physico-chemical analysis of water, an assessment of the ecological state of the lake by vegetation and indicators of zoobenthos. The authors identify the main ecological problems of the lake such as the reduction of surface runoff, development of the catchment area, and overgrowth of the reservoir. There is overgrowth of the lake with Elodea canadensis at depths from 0.5 to 2.6 m. An ecological analysis of the macrophyte community of the lake determines that the saprobity of the water corresponds to the β-mesosaprobic zone of class III quality, moderately polluted water. According to the indicators of zoobenthos, the reservoir is characterized as eutrophic with a sufficiently high species diversity and a uniform distribution of species. According to the integrated index of the ecological state, the reservoir belongs to the category of «ecological crisis zone».

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