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VETERINARY SCIENCE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

PRION DISEASES: BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY

Posted in 2019, Issue № 8(86) August 2019, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Prion diseases are a group of transmissible neurodegenerative diseases of animals and humans. These diseases have long incubation periods, but progress rapidly from the moment of the clinical onset of the disease. The most dangerous prion infectious disease is bovine spongiform encephalopathy. In this paper, an analytical review of the modern scientific, technical, regulatory, methodological literature on issues related to the study of the properties of the pathogen, their structure, mechanisms of the emergence and spread of the pathogenic prion has been carried out.

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THERAPEUTICALLY ACTIVE DRUG “GEPASEYV” IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS CATS

Posted in 2014, Issue March 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article provides an overview of the relevance of studying the targeted delivery of low molecular weight compounds in cells and tissues, as well as experience of modern scientific developments in this field, their advantages and disadvantages.

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ENDOSCOPY COLON DOGS: INDICATIONS, LIMITATIONS, METHODOLOGY

Posted in 2014, Issue March 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article presents the basic concepts of visual examination of the colonic mucosa in dogs. The problems associated with the procedure endoscopy, presents data on indications and limitations.

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PHARMACOLOGICAL VETERINARY PHARMACEUTICAL MARKET ANALYSIS OF CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS AND PROSPECTS

Posted in 2014, Issue March 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the monitoring of the Russian market of veterinary cardiology drugs, their effects on animals and a brief review of literature data.

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FORMS PIROPLASMOSIS DOMESTIC DOGS ON VARIOUS STAGES OF ONTOGENESIS

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper discusses the features of manifestation of piroplasmosis in dogs of different age groups in Ulyanovsk.

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APPLICATION OF LYKOPIN FOR PREVENTING OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DISEASES OF COWS

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Preparation was developed on the basis of the carotenoid lycopin, brief characteristics of its study was presented on cows before birth. Experimentally was proved that the pharmacological activity of likotsinol improved metabolic processes of animals, and it is an effective means of preventing obstetric and gynecological diseases of cattle.

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VETERINARY AND SANITARY EVALUATION OF MUTTON AFTER USING BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE FEED ADDITIVE “YODDAR”

Posted in 2019, Issue № 5(83) May 2019, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The results of studies of the effect of drug Yoddar on the meat quality of small cattle are given. It was revealed that when using the rams of the experimental group of drug Yoddar, meat meets the standards in all quality indicators, besides for some indicators it is better than meat in the control group. During the experiment, live weight and cost per 1 kg of live weight of animals of all groups are taken into account. Veterinary-sanitary examination was carried out on the slaughter site. Besides, the “technological instruction for waste processing at the enterprise of the meat industry” was fully observed. The microscopic and bacteriological indicators of the meat rams do not show that they have the best indicators that can be obtained from the experimental groups, which can explain the bactericidal properties of iodine, which enter into the body tissues. The obtained results suggest that the use of biologically active feed additive Yoddar on sheep farms of the Russian Federation is advisable because of its positive effect on metabolism, weight gain and the absence of negative impact on the safety and quality of meat.

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INTERRELATIONS OF IMMUNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF POST-VACCINE IMMUNE RESPONSE AT SHEEP

Posted in 2019, Issue № 5(83) May 2019, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The immune system of a body is a macroscopic system, and the number of its constituent components that affect the development of the immune response has not yet been fully studied. In our previous studies, in order to characterize immune processes, we used certain constants, in which a large number of components of the immune response are replaced by a single value – a constitutional constant (strong, stable correlations of immunological parameters). To study the coordination mechanisms of the structural components of an immune system at the beginning of the cascade reactions of the immune response, it is proposed to use the correlation analysis of experimental data. The novelty of the research lies in the processing of immunological parameters by the multiple linear correlations method, which allow us to determine the correlation profile of vaccination. In the blood and serum of sheep, the relative number of immunocompetent cells, phagocytic activity, and IgG level were determined. The analysis of the results of immunological studies of the first day of the post-vaccination immune response revealed a significant difference in the direction of stable correlations with the introduction of bacterial and viral vaccines. Given the correlation coefficients of immunological parameters, we built a graphical model of the first day of the immune response.

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THE USE OF VITAMIN-MINERAL FEED SUPPLEMENT “VOLSTAR” FOR PREVENT HYPOVITAMINOSIS AND NORMALIZATION EXCHANGE SUBSTANCES IN BIRDS

Posted in 2014, Issue January 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of industrial application of vitamin-mineral feed supplement “VolStar” in poultry. Optimized dosage, the averaged data for improving the quality of hatching eggs and their morphological parameters.

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EFFECT OF VITAMIN AND MINERAL FEED SUPPLEMENT “VOLSTAR” ON BIOCHEMICAL BLOOD PIGS

Posted in 2014, Issue January 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

In article – the results of the production test vitamin and mineral feed supplement “Volstar” in swine. Presents the comparison drug. Optimized dosage averaged data are presented results of biochemical blood tests piglets after therapeutic interventions.

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DESIGNING OF PREPARATIONS ON THE BASIS OF COLLOIDAL CARRIERS AND AN ANTI-GENE OF A VIRUS OF MURRAIN DISEASE VP-1

Posted in 2014, Issue January 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

In article – design drugs based on colloidal carriers: gold, selenium, Freund’s complete adjuvant and antigen FMD virus VP-1. Immunobiologicheskie conducted research data systems.

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CLINICAL AND INSTRUMENTAL DIAGNOSTIC DISEASES OF KIDNEYS AND BLADDER HAVE SMALL PETS

Posted in 2014, Issue January 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a study of cats and dogs with diseases of the urinary system, carried out statistical analysis of the data shows the main characteristics of ultrasound signs of inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and bladder in small pets.

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CLINICO-RADIOLOGICAL EVIDENCE OF GASTRIC ULCER AND DUODENAL ULCER IN DOGS

Posted in 2014, Issue January 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of clinical and radiographic examination of animals with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Studied the main clinical and radiological signs of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in dogs.

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CLINICAL ROENTGENOLOGIC DIAGNOSIS AND PLACE IN THE OVERALL STRUCTURE OF GASTROENTEROLOGICAL DISEASES GASTRITIS SMALL PETS

Posted in 2014, Issue January 2014, VETERINARY SCIENCE, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

In article presents the results of clinical and radiological diagnosis of gastritis in small domestic animals (dogs). Summarizes the comparative data from clinical and radiological examinations. The analysis of major radiological signs of various types of gastritis in dogs.

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HELMINTHOFAUNA AND ENTERAL MICROBIOCENOSIS IN MOUFLONS

Posted in 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The goal of this work is to study the helminthofauna and enteral microbiocenosis in the European mouflon in the hunting farms of the Tver region. The mixed invasion of the following genus was established: Trichocephalus, Oesophagostoma, Haemonchus, Ostertagia, Trichostrongylus, Trichocephalus, Fasciola, Dicrocelium, Moniezia. Periodic diarrhea, reduction of fatness, anemia of mucous membranes were observed in invasive animals. Fecal microscopy revealed signs of impaired feed digestibility, the presence of markers of enteral inflammation, an abundance of opportunistic microflora, including yeast, molds, fungi. De-worming with albendazole at a dose of 7.5 mg/kg showed high efficiency in the mixed helminthic invasion in mouflons.

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DISEASES OF DOLPHINS UNDER CONDITIONS OF SEAQUARIUMS

Posted in 2019, Issue №1(79) January 2019, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper presents a review of foreign literature on the most common diseases of dolphins in seaquariums. Under conditions of captivity, dolphins are most often diagnosed with respiratory infections, pneumonia, stomach ulcers, skin lesions, the musculoskeletal system, tumors, as well as foreign bodies in a body. Cetaceans can suffer from viral, bacterial, fungal infections and invasions with tapeworms, roundworms, and protozoa. Often pneumonia is accompanied by the formation of abscesses and the presence of pleural effusion. Mechanical injuries most often cause lesions of the skin and musculoskeletal system.

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EVALUATION OF FEED REPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY AT GROWING CROSS COBB-500 BROILERS

Posted in 2018, Issue №12(78) December 2018, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Broiler production is the most important highly efficient sector of the poultry industry, which allows to obtain cost-effective meat products, its production requires compound feed which provides high energy value and protein in its raw form. Research methods: observation and experiment; analysis and synthesis; experience; comparison; methods of variational statistical analysis. As experimental data shows, the partial replacement of compound feed, which contains components of animal origin – meat and fish meal, soybean meal in the final period of time when growing the experimental group of broilers of the Cobb-500 cross, leads to an improvement in the economic efficiency of indicators production.

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RESULTS OF PRE-CLINICAL STUDIES OF NEW MEDICAL PREPARATION UNDER DEVELOPMENT ON THE BASIS OF PLANT EXTRACTS FOR PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF ACUTE DISEASES OF GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT OF PIGLETS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Pre-clinical studies were conducted to consider some immune-modulating properties of a new herbal preparation. The analysis of hematological (leukocytes, erythrocytes, hemoglobin, platelets, hematocrit, etc.) and biochemical (percentage ratio of albumin, α, β, γ – globulins) indicators of blood of rabbits was carried out. According to the results of the research, it was established that new preparation significantly increases the amount of total protein in the blood serum by 15.5% and gamma globulins by 21.6%.

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NEMATODOSIS OF DIGESTIVE TRACT IN HORSES OF TRANSBAIKAL AND DAMAGE CAUSED BY THEM

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article studies the spread of the nematodosis of the horse’s digestive tract kept in horse herd farming in steppe and forest-steppe zones of the Transbaikal and the damage caused by them. The study was conducted with the help of helminthoovoscopy, complete helminthological exposure, incomplete helminthological exposure. Horses are mostly affected with strongylatosis with EI up to 88.2%, parascariosis with EI up to 64.7% and oxyurosis with EI up to 27.5%. Young horses lose 5.5 kg weight gain within 2.5 months.

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SELECTING GENES FOR SALMONELLA ENTERITIDIS IDENTIFICATION

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Currently, polymerase chain reaction method (PCR) is one of the most widely used methods of laboratory diagnosis of salmonellosis. This paper shows the possibility of using PCR in combination with the sequencing method to detect and subsequently identify Salmonella Enteritidis. The sefA gene was selected as a marker gene for analysis after an analytical review. This field contains areas with a high degree of conservatism, which is a prerequisite for selecting primers for PCR. The proposed primers ensure the identification of Salmonella Enteritidis in biological materials within a short period.

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