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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

VETERINARY SCIENCE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE CAN REPLACE GASEOUS OXYGEN TO KEEP FISH ALIVE IN HYPOXIA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The results of experimental studies show that to save the life of a fish in hypoxic conditions can hydrogen peroxide. It is shown that fish does not die in the water from hypoxic brain damage in the absence of dissolved in water oxygen, if introduce hydrogen peroxide in an effective dose to water and/or in the stomach of the fish. These data prove that the fish suck the hydrogen peroxide from the water in which swims, and from stomach. Then in the fish body, the hydrogen peroxide resulted catalase reaction releases oxygen. Therefore, to preserve the fish living in hypoxia is proposed to use hydrogen peroxide instead of oxygen gas or in a place with him.

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EVALUATION OF THE REACTOGENIC PROPERTIES OF A CHEMICAL POLYELECTROLYTIC SUBSTANCE-ADJUVANT IN EXPERIMENT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper presents the analysis of the mechanism of action of different types of adjuvants on the immune system of animal bodies and the undesirable consequences of their effects. It is found that adjuvants stimulate the formation of antibodies. A number of adjuvants cause a number of reactions at the site of administration – allergic reactions, formation of granuloma, and locally irritating effect. It is found that polyelectrolytic substance with the concentration of 5 and 10%, causes the development of local-irritating processes. The results of the studies show that it is recommended to use the tested polyelectrolyte as an adjuvant in a concentration of not more than 1%.

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SOME REGULARITIES OF NERVE CELL MORPHOGENESIS OF DOMESTIC MAMMALS AND BIRDS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

A lot of works devoted to the study of postnatal nerve cells morphogenesis were conducted for the recent years. The majority of the scientists agree that nerve cells continue the forming in the postnatal morphogenesis of mammals and birds, especially at early stage. The conclusion about the heterochronicity of the postnatal morphogenesis of neurocytes is also generally accepted. At the same time, in the works studied, we have not found any attempts to generalize the accumulated facts about the causes of heterochrony of nerve cells morphogenesis, its age boundaries, species and individual features of domestic mammals and birds. Such generalizations are of undoubted interest for theoretical and clinical neurology, as well as for specialists in cattle breeding.

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FEATURES OF INTEGRATED THERAPY OF INTESTINAL INVASIONS AND INFECTATIONS OF PIGLETS AND CALVES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article presents the results of testing piglets in weaning cohort and nursery to detect intestinal nematodes, eumeria, isospores, balantidia and sarcopthoid mites, and testing calves to detect cryptosporidia, eumeria and strongyloides. Parasitic diseases of pigs and calves are recorded predominantly in a mixed form, slow down their growth and cause mortality. Regular epizootic monitoring of intestinal invasions and infestations of pigs and cattle is a topical issue. The aim of the research is to develop effective schemes for complex treatment of the above mentioned diseases. To implement the tasks, we have studied the effectiveness of domestic etiotropic medical preparations of the avermectin series “Iversan,” “Monizen-PI,” pathogenetic agents “Emidonol,” “Phytodok-enterospas,” and “Geldioks.” The results of the studies showed a reduction in rehabilitation period duration and the time of recovery of pigs and calves when complex therapy is used. We developed effective schemes of complex therapy for the implementation of therapeutic and prophylactic measures in pig-breeding and dairy complexes of the Central District of the Russian Federation.

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EFFICIENCY OF PREVENTIVE ACCEPTANCES IN CASE OF MASTITIS AT COWS IN NORTHERN ZAURALIE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Mastitis is the widespread disease at cattle causing a huge economic damage to agricultural industry. The factors promoting development of this pathology are external (low temperatures, drafts, a bacterial pollution of the room, etc.) and internal (genetic, anatomic and morphological features of an udder) which cause decrease in resistance of an organism and infection of a mammary gland. With respect thereto there is a need of use of preventive acceptances which would allow to prevent penetration of microorganisms via open mamillar channels in an udder of cows and to increase quality of milk-raw materials. As a result of the conducted researches it is established what when using KOMPOMOL DC+ before milking and KOMPOMOL DC BLUE GEL Ekonom after milking allowed to reduce quantity of somatic cages in milk by 3 times, quantity of mesophilic aerobic and facultative anaerobic microorganisms – by 1,6 times that considerably increased quality of milk-raw materials.

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DYNAMICS OF MORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF ANIMAL BLOOD FOR THE TREATMENT OF WHICH, IN DIFFERENT INDICATIONS TO USE THE DRUG NIATSID-PREMIX

Posted in 2017, Issue № 1(55) January 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The causative agents of parasitic diseases in the course of evolution have developed strong coping mechanisms. Despite attempts to fight the parasites invasions problem remains urgent. In this regard, more and more demand for new forms of pharmacological drugs against parasitic diseases etiology. In this context, it is of great practical interest niatsid-drug premix. At therapeutic doses, no adverse effects on the animals, does not accumulate in animal products, it is convenient to use. Designed for group feeding and personal use. The article investigates the dynamics of morphological and biochemical indices of the blood of animals in the treatment for various indications which used the drug Niatsid-premix in the farms of Vladimir and Ryazan regions.

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INFLUENCE OF DRUG ON THE BASIS OF IONIZED SILVER ON BIOFILM FORMATION OF MICROORGANISMS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 1(55) January 2017, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Results of research of drug on the basis of ionization silver «Akvasepto» on biofilm formation of pathogenic microorganisms are presented in article. As test cultures for carrying out experiences of in vitro used Escherichia coli, Bacillus licheniformis and Proteus mirabilis allocated from cows with the diagnosis an endometritis. Influence of the drug «Akvasepto» was followed by decrease in process of biofilm formation and destruction of the created biofilms. The concentration of drug rendering more expressed effect are defined.

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MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF GRANULES OF ZYMOGENE THE PANCREAS OF MAMMALS IN POSTNATAL ONTOGENY

Posted in 2016, Issue December 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper presents data area of the granules zymogen depending on the species, age and the type of food mammals. The statistical analysis established that there is a direct relationship between the morphometric parameters and the age period studied mammal species, but also include individual species dependence in the age aspect depending on the morphofunctional state of the organism. In all age groups and species, mammals identified two critical periods of the synthesis of enzymes exocrine pancreatectomy. The first period is one month of postnatal ontogenesis, which is associated with the introduction of food animals. The second period is the six months of life males, which is associated with the onset of puberty of the animals. Critical periods the synthetic activity of the exocrine pancreatitits have an evolutionary adaptation to changes in biological inhomogeneous systems of the whole organism. The obtained results can be used as a constant in the study of morphofunctional indices of the pancreas for research purposes, and to take into account the age of the animal performance in the selection of the pancreas for the production of enzymatic preparations. In veterinary practice used with the purpose of correct diagnosis in the evaluation of the damage of this organ in mammals.

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DETERMINATION OF TOXICITY PARAMETERS OF THE SALVE GENTADIOVET

Posted in 2016, Issue November 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The results of the study of the toxicity parameters of the salve gentadiovet on laboratory animals are presented in the article. The authors found out that gentadiovet is classified as low-toxic drug and in accordance with GOST 12.1.007-76 “Harmful substances” refers to 4th class of hazard (low hazardous substances). Application of gentadiovet within a month per os to laboratory animals at toxic doses only in the maximum extent leads to the development of changes in the metabolism of the body (lymphopenia and «rightward shift» in leucocyte count and a more intense functioning of the liver). In the groups with the lower dosage of introduced sample such changes has not been established.

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USAGE EFFICIENCY OF THE NEW VITAMIN-ENZYME PREMIX IN POULTRY RATIONS

Posted in 2016, Issue November 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The problem of providing broiler chickens with new effective vitamin-enzyme premix came into review in this article. High pharmacological efficiency of stimular usage on broiler chickens was observed and was evidenced in avarege daily increasing of poultry and rising of feed conversion. After the usage of examined feed premix in blood serum of broiler chickens was increased proteic substance, vitamin A and calcium. Alkaline phosphatase activity was decreased within normal physiological limits. For the increasing of poultry productivity stimular is possible to recommend to add into broiler chickens rations assuming 1,0 g/kg bwt during the whole raising period.

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THE IMPACT OF ALBENDAZOLE ON INTESTINAL MICROFLORA

Posted in 2016, Issue November 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article analyzes the impact of broad spectrum anthelmintics albendazole on the intestinal microflora of the in vivo and in vitro. After deworming in the intestinal microbiocenosis lambs sharply reduced the number of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus, dominated by Escherichia, including atypical enzymatic properties. There is a growth of opportunistic transient microflora. Especially clearly these changes manifest in lambs with a high intensity of infestation by helminths. In vitro albendazole has strong inhibitory properties against Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Staphylococcus.

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THE ROLE OF THE REGULATORY SYSTEMS OF THE ORGANISM CALVES IN BIOVESTIN

Posted in 2016, Issue November 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The efficiency of the drug “Biovestin” is shown in rearing of calf. The animals that received the drugs from the endocrine system observed pattern that characterized the forming of the adaptation processes of the organism of experimental group of calves: the study of blood serum showed that the content kartizola increased significantly in the test group calves relatively to the control group. The contents of erythrocytes in peripheral blood of the experimental group of calves was increased relative to the control group. Mass(weight) calves experimental group was significantly increased from the 7 th days of the study up to 20% relative to the control group.

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THE USE OF PROBIOTICS AS A PRESERVATIVE IN THE HARVESTING OF VEGETABLE FEED

Posted in 2016, Issue November 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The main task in the harvesting of vegetable feed is to preserve the quality of feed. The strict observance of technology of fodder and the use of preservatives will help to reduce the loss of nutrients and to prevent mold. The probiotic-preparation «Sakhabactisubtil» made on the basis of spore-forming microorganism Bacillus subtilis was used in the harvesting. The paper presents the results of the analysis of microflora of vegetable feed, as well as the results of studying the effect of feeding processed hay to young cattle.

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THE ISSUE OF GASTRO – INTESTINAL INDIGESTION PIGLETS AND DAMAGE TO PIG FARMING TRANS-BAIKAL TERRITORI

Posted in 2016, Issue November 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The analysis of the spread of gastrointestinal diseases of pigs in pig farms in the Trans-Baikal Territory, the structure of mortality for the 2013-2015 biennium. Determine the economic damage caused by mortality of piglets as a result of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract for 3 accounting years. According to information received, the most frequent cases of diseases of the digestive organs from young pigs were registered in the agricultural enterprises, the lowest percentage of sick animals observed in the Trans-Baikal Territory KFH. Diseases of the digestive system in the young structure occupy the first place. The economic damage caused by mortality of young pigs, was 468,580 rubles for 3 accounting years.

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ECOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF FEEDING PRODUCTIVE ANIMALS NATURAL ZEOLITES FROM DIFFERENT DEPOSITS OF THE REGION

Posted in 2016, Issue September 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The aim of this work was to study the morphological and physiological characteristics of broilers and pigs with use of different zeolites in the local agro-ecosystems of the Middle Volga region.

It has been experimentally proven immuno-physiological feasibility and environmental safety of agricultural animals feeding natural zeolites of different deposits in the Volga region of scientifically sound schemes in conjunction with biogeochemical and hygienic conditions, accompanied by biocorrection of physiological and biochemical reactions, providing a high level of adaptability and evribionts of the body, and positive structural-functional and growth effects.

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ABOUT THE NEED TO MONITOR THE EPIDEMIC SITUATION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES DOGS AND CATS IN THE URBAN ECOSYSTEM

Posted in 2016, Issue August 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article provides an overview of the need for monitoring the epidemic situation of infectious diseases among non-productive animals in the urban ecosystem. The data on the population of dogs and cats in the Russian Federation. The features of habitat unproductive animals (cats and dogs) and described their role occurs unfavorable epizootic situation. Set the level of the existing diagnosis, prevention and treatment of infectious diseases of animals, damaging the economies of various countries. The data on the nosological forms of diseases common to animals and humans.

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ECHINOCOCCOSIS OF WILD HOOFED ANIMALS OF THE SOUTH OF ZABAYKALSKY KRAI

Posted in 2016, Issue August 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Data full the gelmintologicheskikh of openings of wild hoofed animals, such as an elk, a red deer, a roe Siberian, dzeren are provided in work. Echinococcus granulosus larva annually is registered at an elk with extensiveness of an invasion of 58,50% of a red deer (Manchurian deer) extensiveness of an invasion made 81,25% in Onon, Akshinsky, Kyrinsky districts, at a roe Siberian is universal, with extensiveness of an invasion of 88,00% at dzeren extensiveness of an invasion made – 21,33% during migration in Borzinsky, Onon, Kyrinsky districts.

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THE EFFECT OF SYNTHETIC ADJUVANT ON THE FORMATION OF THE IMMUNE RESPONSE

Posted in 2016, Issue August 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper contains experimental materials on the effects of synthetic adjuvants on the formation of the immune responses.
Currently, the search continues for new effective vaccines based on polymeric compounds having immunostimulating properties (Petrov R. V. et al. 1986, V. Schijns,2000)
An important condition in the development of certain carriers (adjuvants) is the creation of a drug capable of long-term is in the body, with its active immune system and no local and General negative reactions in the body (Volpin O. M.,1992, etc.).
We carried out experiments to study the synthetic adjuvant (BP), the raw material which is polydiallyldimethyl chloride – PES.
Conducted preclinical trials to study acute and chronic toxicity in laboratory animals showed no abnormalities in physiological and Toxicological parameters, i.e. its harmlessness.
The results show positive effects of synthetic adjuvants on the formation of General immune responses in animals that allow it to be used as a filler in vaccines.

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CONSEQUENCES OF TENFOLD INJECTIONS OF ANALOGUES PROSTAGLANDINA F2α HEIFERS

Posted in 2016, Issue September 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

In article results of researches on studying of influence of tenfold introductions oestrophana and aniprosta heifers for synchronisation of sexual hunting for their further reproductive function are resulted. So productivity of insemination telok, to the subjected 10 multiple introductions oestrophana and aniprosta above on 10 %, duration of the service-period is shorter for 51,4 and 38,5 days accordingly, than at control telok. Duration stelnosti at telok after introduction oestrophana is shorter for 3,0 days, and aniprosta – 3,2 days, than at the animals who have spontaneously come to hunting. The average live weight of calfs at a birth on groups fluctuated from 22,0 to 26,8 kg.

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THE METABOLIC STATUS OF BROILER CHICKENS ON THE BACKGROUND OF THE APPLICATION KORNETINTIE SUPPLEMENTS “STROLITIN”

Posted in 2016, Issue July 2016, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article considers the study of the metabolic status of broiler chickens cross ROSS-308 on the background of short-term use contains carnitine supplements “STROLITIN”. This feed additive normalizes the metabolic and plastic status of the processes of the organism birds, thus activates the natural resistance of birds to aggressive influence of the external environment, but also increases the efficiency of feed use. Experimentally it was proved that the feed additive “Strolitin” in the background of one short-time cycle of drink has a stimulating effect on their metabolic status, which contributes to the intensification of the growth and development of young birds and increases the livability of the livestock and the resistance of chickens to pathogenic environmental factors.

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