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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

SOCIOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

DISTINCTIONS AND SIMILARITIES IN A PERIODIZATION OF THE GENERATION THEORY

Posted in 2014, Issue December 2014, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

In a periodization of the theory of generations as signs both distinctive qualities, and similar to predecessors are used. It is established that the periods of repeatability of the qualities similar and emergence of distinctive signs don’t coincide.

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FEATURES OF SOCIAL WORK WITH DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the features of dysfunctional families as a social group. The article analyzes the problems faced by dysfunctional families in the modern world. It describes the forms and methods of social work with dysfunctional families that are implemented by social services. The results of a survey of dysfunctional families are presented, reflecting their attitude to social services and social support measures implemented in the family service. The author suggests ways to improve in family services to improve the effectiveness of social work with dysfunctional families.

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INCLUSIVE HIGHER SCHOOL IN ALMATY: PRACTICE, PROBLEMS, AND BARRIERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper actualizes the issues of inclusive higher education, the main task of which is to create the system of education for persons with disabilities in higher educational institutions of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authors summarize the accumulated experience in creating special conditions in the leading universities of Almaty based on the materials of empirical research, as well as identify weak points in the system of providing services to persons with special educational needs. The paper presents the analysis of the current situation and barriers to higher education by this category of persons, formulates conclusions about the content of activities, and the results of inclusive higher education.

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REASONS FOR LEAVING OF RECENT GRADUATES AT DESIGN BUREAUS OF AIR ENTITIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers why young specialists who came to work at the Design Bureau of the Aircraft Corporation after graduation leave their job. The author considers the real and latent turnover of young employees. We determined and analysed the reasons for young specialists to leave their jobs. The article considers the factors capable of influencing the decision to change jobs. For this study, we used an anonymous questionnaire-based survey of recent graduates working and an analysis of questionnaires filled out by retired young employees of the Corporation. In this paper, the author also used data from a survey of young departing employees conducted by the Design Bureau’s Human Resource Division. As a result, the author determined the main reasons for leaving a job, factors affecting the change of employment, and the signs and magnitude of latent turnover of recent graduates.

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DEVELOPMENT OF CENTER-PERIPHERAL RELATIONS IN RUSSIA DURING THE PANDEMIC PERIOD (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE SPHERE OF EDUCATION)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper examines the problem of relation transformation between the federal center and the regions of the Russian Federation during the pandemic in 2020 on the example of the secondary education sector. The authors analyze the managerial decisions making process in secondary education on three key issues: the date of the end of the school year, the possibility of opening summer health camps, and the format of the beginning of the new school year. This study allows us to conclude that in the spring of 2020, the constituent entities of the Russian Federation showed a high degree of independence, not typical for federal relations in modern Russia. In the autumn of 2020, there was a return to a more centralized management model, which indicates the instability of relations between the center and the regions.

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MORTALITY OF URBAN AND RURAL POPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION BY CAUSES OF DEATH: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

Comparative analysis of the dynamics of the nosological profile of the urban and rural population of the Russian Federation for 2005-2018 was carried out based on Rosstat data, as well as the comparative dynamics of standardized mortality rates from the main classes of death causes for gender groups of the urban and rural population for the period of 2017-2018. The aim of the study is to monitor mortality rates from the most significant causes of death to adjust government policy measures and manage demographic processes. The results of the study showed that the state’s efforts should be aimed at ensuring early diagnosis, treatment and clinical examination of patients with diseases of the digestive system and neoplasms, which will reduce mortality from these causes, the greatest increase in which was noted in both rural men and rural women. The increase in mortality of the rural population from some infectious and parasitic diseases, diseases of the circulatory system in rural men during recent years confirms the fact that territorial availability of healthcare facilities and technological medical care is the most important problem for the rural population. There is also a necessity for a serious impetus for the citizens from the state to have a healthy lifestyle, including healthy eating and giving up bad habits.

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HISTORICAL RETROSPECTIVE OF PROBLEM RESEARCH, CAUSING SOCIAL TENSION IN CHINA

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

In modern society, people strive to improve the quality of life. Carried away with chasing for material goods, they involuntarily experience anxiety, and endless worry. Competition and constant following to imposed ideals put pressure on a person. At the same time, basic human and spiritual needs remain unsatisfied, and social tension is more and more increasing.

The article provides an overview of social research directions and scientific works of Chinese sociologists: three generations of sociologists from the beginning of sociology science establishment in China until the present. The article describes social problems that cause social tension in various groups of people. Specific cases such as life of a family that have lost a child, divorce rate increasing and an aging population in China are also examined and analyzed in this article. The latest static data is presented.

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ROLE OF SPIRITUAL VALUES IN STRENGTHENING OF INSTITUTIONAL STABILITY OF THE FAMILY

Posted in 2014, Issue November 2014, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the influence of value orientations on the internal processes of integration and disintegration of the family. On the basis of the research substantiates the role of spiritual values as a factor strengthening the institutional stability of the family. This study may find practical application in the field of family policy and social work with the family.

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ON THE MATTER OF SOCIAL PREVENTION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE UNDER CURRENT CONDITIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the distinctive features of domestic violence as a social phenomenon. The authors analyze the problems of preventing domestic violence, its causes, and justifies the essence of this notion. The article describes the forms and methods of measures implemented by social services and necessary to prevent domestic violence. Innovative forms of social work with families are considered. The article gives the results of a survey conducted among the specialists of the family service, presenting their attitude and awareness on the issues of domestic violence and its prevention. The problems of implementing preventative measures by family services are characterized. The author suggests ways of perfecting social work in family services to increase the efficiency of domestic violence prevention.

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RUSSIAN THESES ON THE DOMESTIC VIOLENCE (1999-2019): BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article gives the results of bibliometric analysis of Russian doctoral theses on the domestic violence which were defenced in Russia and approved by the Higher Attestation Commission in 1999-2019. The article justifies the necessity of the analysis as the first step of systematizing knowledge, the way to get to know the problem.

The purpose of the research was to define the structure and the dynamics of Russian theses on domestic violence using the methods of bibliometric analysis. The search engine of the Russian State Library e-catalogue was used for this selection. The selection was conducted through the content analysis method. We selected 45 theses entirely focused on researching domestic violence, and 26 theses partially focused on this topic. The selected data set was the target of the follow-up research which resulted in the characteristics of sectoral distribution, geography, and the dynamics of Russian theses on domestic violence.

The attained results can be used for further scientific research on domestic violence and for the scientometric research focused on indicating the evolution of Russian scientific research on this subject.

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ORGANISATIONAL BASIS FOR FINANCING PROVISION OF SERVICES TO MUNICIPAL STATE-OWNED INSTITUTIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

In this article, the author justifies the dependence of providing services to municipal state-owned institutions on fitting the expenditure into the expenses budget approved by the senior administrator and concludes that most municipal state-owned institutions need more funding while making the establisher provide it, is a very challenging task. The problem is that most state-owned institutions need additional funding, and making the establisher provide it, is a very challenging task.

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TWO POINTS OF VIEW ON THE “UNRESOLVED CONTRADICTION” (EXPERT’S REVIEW OF THE OSSETIAN-INGUSH CONFLICT)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

Inter-ethnic relations in a polystructural society are an object of constant research, since the social climate in our society depends on them. The Republic of North Ossetia is a region, where inter-ethnic interactions are very intense. Unfortunately, the Republic has experienced not only of positive, but also of tragic inter-ethnic interactions. Meanwhile, due to the ethnic kaleidoscope of the North Caucasus, the state of the inter-ethnic relations in the region is basically the foundation on which the entire complex of living space is being built and developed. Whether the life situation of the ethnic groups is favourable or not is dependant on the state of these relations. The author analyzes many research and publicistic works on the topic of the Ossetian-Ingush conflict and concludes that the problem has been thoroughly studied. The history of the relationship between the two ethnic groups, the background and causes of the acute phase of the conflict between them, the forms and the methods of resolving the confrontation are widely presented in the works of the Republican and Russian scientists. Meanwhile, there are practically no works based on the empirical data – mass sociological surveys and expert’s reviews. These very methods are able to give an unbiased evaluation of the situation and determine the proneness to conflict or appeasement of the ethnic group. As a result, for an adequate review of the situation of inter-ethnic interaction in the region, it is necessary to periodically monitor the relationship between these two ethnic groups.

The purpose of the research was to conduct an expert survey to identify the potential of society to resolve the ethnic conflict between two ethnic groups. In this article, the author shows different points of view of those experts who hold moderate views on the forms and methods of the conflict resolution. Nevertheless, despite moderatism and a systematic approach to the causes of the conflict, the experts’ responses were not entirely unbiased.

According to the results of an expert survey, there is no potential for resolving the Ossetian-Ingush conflict, since the main contradiction which is the conflict’ reason remains unresolved. It is the ambiguous status of the part of the North Ossetian territory (the Suburban district of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania). It is possible to resolve this contradiction peacefully only if the attitude towards the most crucial contradiction changes, and the counterparties will be able to find the ability to get rid of their stereotypes and begin effective co-operation.

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ON FIRE SAFETY ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article provides the analysis of ignition causes according to the statistics from the Central Administration of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Affairs for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) for 2017 on the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), including the city district of Yakutsk. The paper presents the analysis of ignition causes and the comparison of the general trend of fire safety in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Russian Federation in a ratio based on the number of fires that occurred and the amount of direct damage from them. It also provides general conclusions and recommendations on how to increase the efficiency of professional competence of the population and specialists in the field of fire safety, improve control and monitoring, as well as surveillance activities and equip fire departments with necessary firearms and facilities.

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SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE DISTRIBUTION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES: COMMUNICATION, CONTENT, INTERPRETATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

Information technology and its distribution has become one of the features of the modern information society. On the one hand, the opportunities for distributing and receiving information have expanded and are now more accessible, but on the other hand, the majority of users, including young people, are “drowning” in this ocean of information. They are unable to separate that part of the information, which is necessary to enrich their knowledge and form their intellectual potential, from the unnecessary part. It is aggravated by the lack of understanding of the majority of young people of the role of information technology in the development of professionalism, and hence – success in their future careers and at the labour market against the background of the growing environmental uncertainty. Therefore, a significant part of the students surveyed at the universities of Volgograd use the Internet to communicate or search for entertainment options, order tickets, make inquiries, perform payments, etc. This gradually leads to an increase in inequality in modern society, based on the criterion of information technology among other things.

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CONSTRUCTION OF A MULTI-FACTOR MODEL OF THE STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The aim of the study is to evaluate the results of the national college entrance exam as an indicator of the level of knowledge of applicants, as well as to identify factors that project the performance of freshmen at universities. The study used the methods of selection of explanatory variables: the exclusion of quasi-constant variables, the method of analysis of the matrix of correlation coefficients, the procedure for eliminating a posteriori, Chow test for entering simulation variables. The main information source for the study was the data of the intra-university Information System of Almetyevsk State Oil Institute.

The main results of the study are as follows:

– The type of relationship between student performance and factors is identified;

– The best set of explanatory variables for predicting student performance is determined;

– With the help of the Chow test, it was found that the quality of private regression models exceeds the quality of the general regression model.

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THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF EFFECTIVE SOCIAL MANAGEMENT OF ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION IN THE CONTEXT OF HUMANIZATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the analysis of the problems of regulation of the communication system in an organization. The author considers the spread of the practice of humanization of social management, which is reflected both in the transformation of communicative processes and in the changing approach to the adoption and implementation of managerial decisions. Practical implementation of such an approach to the management of organizational communication can improve the efficiency of an organization in the context of humanization.

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BURNOUT OF UNIVERSITY TEACHERS: WAYS OF IDENTIFICATION AND PREVENTION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the problem of burnout among university teachers. It is shown that the professional activity of university teachers is characterized by high responsibility and great communicative and emotional involvement into the educational process, which requires high emotional stability and endurance. These features can cause burnout. It is concluded that it is necessary to take measures to prevent burnout among educational staff and it is emphasized that such measures should be based on the assessment of the situation, identification of primary signs and symptoms of burnout.

The article presents the results of a survey of faculty members, the purpose of which was to identify the presence of signs of emotional burnout among the teachers and their attitude to possible strategies for prevention. A questionnaire was necessary due to the practical significance of the burnout detection, as it affects professional self-fulfillment of teachers and the quality of teaching. The results will contribute to the development of ways to overcome burnout among teachers.

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WELFARE DETERMINANTS TO THE PHENOMENON OF PROFESSIONAL CAREER

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

In clause welfare determinants to a phenomenon of professional career are considered. Theories social a determinant of professional career », various groups of factors are considered. Subjective and objective determinants. Psychological, social, economic, public, technological, multilevel, personal, not psychological, internal and external, factors of macroenvironment and a microhabitat, внеорганизационные, микроуровневые. Social structure which affects result of career.

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SOCIAL MECHANISMS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE VOLGOGRAD REGION: AGENT-BASED INTERPRETATIONS AND SIMULATIONS OF ONE’S WELL-BEING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The article tests the idea that changes occurring in the social mechanism of economic development at the macro level are not obvious, but rather latent. Therefore, guided by the views of R. Merton, P. Hedstrom, D. Coleman, R. Svedberg, which explain the General changes by micro-level problems, the paper considers the role of representations, desires and actions of individual agents in the simulation of such a socio-economic phenomenon as the welfare of the population.

The article presents the results of a sociological study conducted in 2018 in Volgograd and Volzhsky. The population’s imitation of their well-being was revealed using such indicators as: life satisfaction; confidence in their future; the level of material prosperity; characteristics of consumer behavior; assessment of living standards; changes in well-being over the past five years; the economic situation of Russia through the eyes of the regional population; self-identification with a certain social layer of the stratification pyramid by income. The state of social mechanisms of urban economic development is assessed using situational, simulation and transformation mechanisms (mechanisms of social consequences).

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THE MAIL TRENDS OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE PROBLEMS OF HUMANIZATION OF RELATIONSHIP IN THE “PERSON – ORGANIZATION” SYSTEM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

The main trends of the sociological investigation of the problems of humanization of relationship in the “person – organization” system are discussed in the article. In modern conditions there is a rethinking of approaches to the implementation of interaction in the social and organizational dimensions which is reflected in the change in existing value systems. The correct identification of the indicated trends can be considered as the key to success in the sociological investigation of the problems of humanization of the system of relations “person – organization”.

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