Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

WAYS TO CREATE A HYDRAULIC WASTE DISPOSAL IN THE MINED-OUT COAL PIT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article presents an analysis of the conditions of mining light-pitching deposits. Through the comparison of the ways to create hydraulic waste disposal, the authors determined their application domain. A classification of the ways to create hydraulic waste disposal in the mined-out quarry space is proposed. The scheme of alluviating hydraulic waste disposal in the mined-out space is developed. The article presents the technology for creating hydraulic waste disposal using various technological structures: bund walls and relieving walls. The results of the study on the settling of particles in a technological sediment pond are presented.

Read More

ON THE MODERN GEODYNAMIC PROCESSES OF EAST ORENBURG OBLAST

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article addresses the issue of dangerous geodynamic processes occurring in the Eastern part of the Orenburg Oblast. The analysis of the geodynamic state of the Orenburg Oblast subsoil was performed. We propose and justify effective monitoring of geodynamic processes in the Eastern part of the Orenburg Oblast through a seismological network. In this area, seismic events with a magnitude of Ml>2.0 and subsidence of the earth’s surface up to 50 cm per year are recorded. Based on long-term monitoring of seismic events in the Eastern part of the Orenburg Oblast, we constructed a graph on the frequency of seismic events, which allowed us to conclude that the reason for increased geodynamic activity in this region is a high man-induced impact on the subsurface. In order to study the abnormally high seismic activity in the Eastern Orenburg Oblast, to identify the causes and sources of risk, and the hazard level, to develop measures of reducing seismicity and enhancing the security of specific social, industrial, and energetics objects, it is necessary to create a seismological network of 3-4 seismic stations in areas of seismic activity in Gaysky and Novooskol areas and near Orsk, and Gai, Iriklinsk GRES (regional power station) and Iriklinsk water-storage reservoir.

Read More

AZERBAIJAN SOIL SUITABILITY CLASSIFICATION AND THE APPLICATION OF THIS DATA FOR LAND CONSOLIDATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Recent environmental issues which appeared after the anthropogenic impact and the inefficient use of land resources in our country undoubtedly had adverse effects on the state of the soil cover. Recently, the soil cover of all Azerbaijan biomes has been destabilized by the environmental situation, which in turn leads to severe degradation of the fertile topsoil. Due to the severe soil-cover deterioration, we cannot hope that the fertile topsoil will restore itself. The soil-cover deterioration in the country is directly related to the decrease in land areas suitable for crop growing. As a result of severe soil-cover degradation, it is necessary to withdraw large land areas from agricultural use completely or partially. Due to the existing situation of the soil-cover state in the country, the authors of the article propose to develop a scientifically based state program for the rational use of land resources, to protect and restore the soil fertility and agricultural land to improve the soil conditions and prevent further soil degradation. Taking into account that agricultural grouping of soils is the crucial tool for the successful solution to various issues related to the rational land usage and increasing its productivity, the authors of the article set the goal to study the quality of the country’s soils and carry out the soil suitability classification of forest and agricultural lands. The method of carrying out soil suitability classification includes the conjunctive and differing genetic properties of the soil and the environmental conditions, having a certain impact on soil fertility. The lack of clear criteria for combining soil varieties in the country contributed to the improvised combination of soil varieties in soil classification groups. Since the government of our country has now realized the need to consolidate agricultural lands and is already taking the first steps in this direction, we believe that the use of soil suitability classification data in land consolidation will prove to be a great advantage to the respective specialists carrying out these activities for the scientifically based performance of their work.

Read More

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TIME-SERIES METEOROLOGICAL PARAMETERS INFLUENCING THE RESULTS OF SATELLITE MEASUREMENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Due to the diversity of satellite positioning usage, the standards of its accuracy raise. High-precision methods for position findings are actively developed lately. This article looks into the meteorological factors as the environment, namely air temperature and humidity, air pressure at the location of a regular base station used directly to take satellite measurements. Analysing the effect that environmental meteorological factors have on the results of satellite measurements enables the possibility of minimising the errors of carrying out geodetics surveying works needed for land boundary survey and land inventory as well as for much scientific research focused on the application of global positioning satellite systems’ technologies.

Read More

COMPLEX TECHNOLOGIES ARE A METHOD OF DEVELOPING HARD-TO-RECOVER OIL RESERVES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article considers methods of developing hard-to-recover oil reserves using water inflow restriction, production intensification and increased oil recovery. The author notes the perspictivity of complex technologies and the presence of positive results of integrated application of technologies for limiting water flows and inntensifying oil inflow. The necessity of correct integration of technologies to achieve the greatest effect is noted. It is concluded that the complexing of the impact on the reservoir increases the efficiency of the development of hard-to-recover reserves.

Read More

DENTIFICATION OF PERSPECTIVE AREAS OF COPPER-PORPHYRIC MINERALIZATION IN THE KAZAKH HILLOCKY AREA BASED ON ERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The analysis of satellite images is a powerful tool in the early stages of the search and exploration of minerals. The paper considers the results of the interpretation of satellite images of the territory, which is located in the semi-desert zone in the region of the Kazakh Hillocky area, which is of interest from the point of view of geological criteria. Known methods for displaying different sets of bands are considered. The obtained results of the identification of alteration zones characterizing the possible presence of copper-porphyry mineralization correlate well with the results of lithogeochemical survey of the territory.

Read More

COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTION OF PREGOLYA RIVER AND KALININGRAD BAY AQUATORIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The goal of this research work is to assess the ecological state of the water area of the Kaliningrad Gulf, experiencing significant nutrient load with the runoff of the Pregolya River, based on the parameters of hydrochemical monitoring and meteorological reports for 2013-2019 The authors have conducted the statistical analysis of main pollution indicators according to long-term observations. The results of calculating the Pearson correlation coefficient for the analyzed parameters for a warm and cold observation period are presented in the article.

Read More

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS CONTENT IN BOTTOM SEDIMENTS OF BAIKAL LAKE ACCORDING TO RESULTS OF MONITORING IN 2017-2018

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The authors present the results of benzopyrene and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) monitoring (in 2017-2018) in the bottom sediments of the coastal part of Baikal Lake in the areas of technological impact: wastewater discharges from the former Baikal Pulp and Paper Mill (BPPM), polygons of Selenga river avandelta and the northern part of the lake along the Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM). Using QuEChERS sample preparation and high-performance liquid chromatography, 130 samples of bottom sediments from Baikal Lake are analyzed. The obtained results indicate different qualitative and quantitative compositions of PAHs entering Lake Baikal from various objects. The average content of benzopyrene, as well as other high molecular weight PAHs, is more than two times higher in the bottom sediments of the BPPM polygon as compared with the BAM and the Selenga river sediments. The authors determined minimum PAH concentrations in sandy sediments. The authors found an anthropogenic effect on the content of benzopyrene and high molecular weight PAHs in the bottom sediments of the southern part of Lake Baikal. The values of PAH pyrogenicity indices are higher in the region of the south Baikal in comparison with the outpost of the Selenga River and northern Baikal.

Read More

HYDROGEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS ON TERRITORY OF WEST-NOVEMBER DEPOSIT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

This paper describes the features of hydrogeological conditions on the territory of the Zapadno-Noyabrsk oil field of the Yamalo-Nenets oil and gas region. The author revealed the features of its vertical zoning. The chemical micro- and macro-component compositions of the waters are structured and analyzed. The dominant nature of chlorine and sodium ions content with potassium are shown. The results obtained are relevant for optimizing the practical use of water resources involved in the development of oil and gas fields (for the disposal of wastewater, maintaining reservoir pressure, for medical and other purposes).

Read More

ON HYDROGEODYNAMICS OF THE PLANET

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

There is a growing awareness of the great dangers related to the survival of mankind connected with the discovery of water in the supercritical state and deeper understanding of its role in the development of negative and dangerous geodynamic processes, including climate change. The scientific support of measures aimed at minimizing these dangers by moving to the noosphere to the sphere of the reason, according to V.I. Vernadsky requires the development of transformation programs on a global scale and scientific foundations of survival, which include the science of the hydrogeodynamics of the planet and its hydrosphere.

Read More

FEATURES OF SYNOPTIC PROCESSES ON THE COAST OF THE TAGANROG BAY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The work analyzes the weather and climatic conditions of the north-eastern part of the Sea of Azov, which is an extensive estuary of the Don River, shallow and highly freshened Taganrog Bay. The relevance of the study is related to the necessity to evaluate synoptic processes that affect the occurrence of dangerous hydro-meteorological phenomena on the coast of the Taganrog Bay. The paper contains data of NCEP (National Centers for Environmental Prediction) and re-analyses atmospheric pressure reduced to sea level (over a 30-year period), provides the analysis, and lists characteristic types of synoptic processes and related weather conditions in different seasons.

Read More

RESEARCH OF RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF HIGH POUR POINT OILS USING POUR POINT DEPRESSANTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The paper shows the main results of studies of the rheological properties of high pour point oils of two types: with a pour point of 18°C and 10°C with and without the use of pour point depressants. The studies used pour point depressant of MR-1088 brand manufactured by Mirrico LLC and Flexoil manufactured by Master Chemicals LLC. The authors evaluated the dependencies of dynamic viscosity on the temperature of oil samples, their flow curves, and the effectiveness of the applied depressant additives.

Read More

MICROBIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION OF NITROGEN IN KHALAKTYRSKOYE LAKE (KAMCHATKA KRAI)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article considers the process of microbiological transformations of nitrogenous substances in Khalaktyrskoye Lake. It was found out that the number of microorganisms involved in the nitrogen cycle is different depending on the stage of transformation. In the aquatic environment of the studied reservoir, the process of ammonification fully proceeds, the stages of nitrification and denitrification are violated. There are a low number of nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria. Ecological and trophic groups of microorganisms under study are bio-indicators of the pollution of the lake’s aquatic environment. Violation of the nitrogen cycle in Khalaktyrskoye Lake allows determining a weak self-cleaning ability of the aquatic environment. The ammonium form of nitrogen predominates in the reservoir in comparison to nitrate and nitrite.

Read More

FEATURES OF THE GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE AND SEDIMENTATION CONDITIONS OF THE LOWER STRUCTURAL FLOOR OF THE MALOZEMELSKO-KOLGUYEVO MONOCLINE AND ZONES OF ITS ARTICULATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Negative results of drilling of the majority of deep wells laid in the arches of anticlinal structures of the Malozemelsko-Kolguyev monocline (MKM) indicate the inefficiency of traditional methods for searching for hydrocarbons in this territory. Reconstructing the history of the geological development of the region, including its tectonic development, and reconstructing the sedimentation conditions of the Dopranian deposits, allowed us to create a model of the geological structure of the Ordovician-Nizhnefransky interval of the MKM sedimentary cover, the features of which control the formation of hydrocarbon accumulations in this territory.

Read More

METHODOLOGY OF STUDYING IN NATURE THE MASS EXCHANGE OF HEAVY METALS IN THE “WATER – BOTTOM SEDIMENTS” SYSTEM

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Bottom sediments reveal a considerable accumulation of different pollutants, including heavy metals and their compounds as most dangerous for the water quality. Under definite conditions the heavy metals being accumulated in bottom sediments can transfer into the water again. Their mass exchange in the “water – bottom sediments” system is largely dependent on the heavy metal forms, in which they are present in bottom sediments. The problem relating to translocation of heavy metals in the water – bottom sediments system and quantification of their intensive mass exchange in different seasons of the year becomes very acute and allows judging about unwanted hazardous second water contamination.

Read More

EVALUATION NOISE IMPACT ON THE NORTHERN SECTION OF THE MOSCOW CENTRAL CIRCLE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

This article is aimed at evaluation of noise impact level at Moscow Central Circle (MCC) stations. The MCC is an urban rail transport system designed to reduce the traffic load at Moscow Metro stations. About 400,000 people use the MCC every day, which is a great indicator, and therefore, such conditions that can negatively affect the well-being of passengers as the noise level at the MCC stations should be given special attention. The noise level of the MCC stations was analyzed.

Read More

RESEARCH OF THE USAGE OF POUR-POINT DEPRESSANTS BY FOREIGN COMPANIES IN PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION FOR HIGH-VISCOSITY OILS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The analysis of the efficiency of pour-point depressants used by foreign companies for the transportation of highly viscous and highly hardening oils with the help of pipelines is carried out with the aim of implementing the same strategies by domestic companies. The characteristic of the method, its advantages and disadvantages, limitations of application, and examples of use are given.

Read More

OBSERVATIONS OF ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL FROM PLANE IN THE DELICAT PROJECT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 04(94) April 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The main objective of DELICAT (DEmonstration of LIdar based CAT detection) project was to test a new way of early detection of clear sky turbulence areas in order to increase flight safety. It was proposed to solve this problem by recording the intensity of backscattering of laser radiation with a specially designed lidar mounted on board the aircraft operating in the ultraviolet wavelength range. Flight tests were carried out from July 17 to August 12, 2013 over the western part of Europe and adjacent maritime territories. In most cases, aerosol clusters of various thicknesses and/or turbulence areas were detected along the flight paths. In this work, we present the database illustrating the results obtained in the form of a set of two-dimensional spatial and temporal images describing observations in selected time intervals (zones), where the measurements are most reliable. This base will serve as the foundation for the selection of spatial and temporal intervals for a more detailed study of the data.

Read More

ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION OF THE VALAAM ARCHIPELAGO AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO THE FORMATION OF PRECIPITATION IN SUMMER 1998 AND 2004

Posted in 2014, Issue August 2014, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article describes the synoptic conditions summers during 1998 and 2004, identified the role of amospheric circulation in the loss of excessive rainfall for the rain gauge readings meteorological station Balaam in summer 1998 and 2004.

Read More

RESEARCH OF CONCRETE ON THE BASIS OF KUZBASS ACID SLAGS

Posted in 2014, Issue July 2014, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article presents the results of research properties of slag-alkaline concrete. The studies conducted have shown that the slag-alkaline concrete has a high performance properties and can be used under the conditions of alternate wetting and drying effect, corrosive environments, that is, in any difficult conditions.

Read More