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SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE WATER QUALITY OF ARTIFICIAL AND NATURAL WATERCOURSES OF THE VYSHNEVOLOTSKY WETLAND COMPLEX

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

In order to determine the water quality by hydrochemical indicators, the authors conduct a reconnaissance survey of some artificial and natural watercourses (Starotveretsky Canal, Silver Creek, Tvertsa River) of the Vyshnevolotsky wetland complex of Tver Oblast. The article examines such chemical and physico-chemical parameters as the hydrogen index (pH), the concentration of dissolved oxygen, ammonium cations, nitrites, nitrates, total iron, copper, lead, phosphates. The value of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD 5) was also determined. The study identifies values that exceed the level of maximum permissible concentration (MPC) for a number of indicators (phosphates, iron, nitrites), the grade of water quality in watercourses was established according to the water pollution index (WPI).

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INVENTORY OF GAME ANIMAL HABITATS IN THE LANDS OF THE NGO “VKLO” OF PRIMORSKY KRAI BASED ON THE RESULTS OF MULTISPECTRAL OBSERVATIONS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article presents data on the typology of hunting grounds on the territory of the NGO “Vladivostoksky klub lyubiteley okhoty” (Vladivostok hunting club) of Primorsky Krai, the area of which is 90601.0 hectares. The study of the state of the habitat of hunting animals is the main task for improving the efficiency of amateur hunting, while the main component of this process is the qualitative classification and mapping of the habitats of the most valuable species of game animals and birds. The studies were conducted in the period from 2020 to 2021. The study identifies the main categories and classes of hunting grounds, determines the species composition of the main forest-forming species, and calculates the areas of each class of land. The authors determine that the territory of the farm is mostly occupied by forests, among which mixed forests with a predominance of coniferous species are most common, mainly cedar-deciduous forests. Also, the authors compile a map of habitat types for the main types of game animals.

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PALEOGEOGRAPHY OF THE UPPER PRECAMBRIAN OF THE NORTH-EAST OF YAKUTIA

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The strata of the Upper Precambrian contains various mineral resources. In the North-East of Yakutia, Upper Proterozoic formations have a local distribution; they are poorly studied and require additional fundamental biostratigraphic and geochronological examination. The physical and geographical conditions of the geological development of the Upper Precambrian still remain unclear, insufficiently substantiated and worthy of discussion. This article examines the paleogeography of the Upper Precambrian of the North-East of Yakutia. The authors establish that the formation of a cover of passive continental margins with platform (plate) and rift-related types of tectonic structures begins from the Yurmatian in the southeastern part of the Kolyma massif, . The Vendian is marked by a wide transgression and accumulation of sediments with signs of shallow water, as well as a significant cooling of the climate.

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AN ASSESSMENT OF THE POSSIBILITY OF REDUCING THE LEVEL OF POLLUTANTS EMITTED BY VEHICLES THROUGH CHANGING TRAFFIC PATTERNS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The current article assesses the possibility of solving one of today’s most acute problems, atmospheric air pollution by exhaust gases. It is assumed that it is possible to reduce emissions by changing traffic patterns, by organizing one-way traffic along parallel streets in the central part of the city, which is the part with the most traffic flow. Potentially, the implementation of this project can contribute not only to improving the environmental situation but also increase the capacity of the two central streets of the city. The research shows a real decrease in the delay time of vehicles during traffic light regulation and, as a result, a decrease in the amount of pollutants emitted.

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SELECTION OF OIL SLUDGE FOR BITUMEN PRODUCTION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The current study carries out physico-chemical analyses of oil sludge from various oil fields in Kazakhstan in order to identify its characteristics. The article features physicochemical characteristics and a study of fractional composition of oil sludge as well as comparative analyses. Based on the analysis of oil sludge, it was found that they contain a significant amount of petroleum products, which are mainly heavy fractions of oil. Depending on the group composition and physico-chemical characteristics, oil sludge from the Uzen deposit was selected as a promising raw material for the production of modified bitumen. The data obtained is of practical interest for the utilization of oil sludge as a partial substitute for bitumen base in the production of modified bitumen.

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SCIENTIFIC SUPPORT OF GEOINFORMATION MANAGEMENT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL AND TECHNICAL SYSTEMS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Based on the system analysis of the processes of development and implementation of the geoinformation approach to the management of systems development, the article presents the scientific and methodological foundations for providing geoinformation management of the development of natural and technical systems.

The article presents the development of the concept of technical implementation and application of natural-technical systems. It is shown determination of possible appearance and conditions of application of natural-technical systems, as well as determination of feasibility of creation, place and role of natural-technical systems (complexes, samples) in task implementation by departments.

The studies are completed with recommendations for the inclusion of relevant measures in the development programs of natural and technical systems (complexes, samples) for the considered future.

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INFORMATION AND FUNCTIONAL SUPPORT OF GEOINFORMATION MANAGEMENT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL AND TECHNICAL SYSTEMS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article presents the basics of information and functional management support based on a system analysis of the processes of development and implementation of the geoinformation approach to the management of systems development. The authors discuss the stages of development and implementation of industrial policy; features of the development of initial geodata and its structure; preparation of initial data to substantiate industrial policy and strategies for its implementation.

The article highlights the levels of information interaction in the development of industrial policy, which are presented in the form of an informational and functional model.

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SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS TERRITORIAL STRUCTURES OF ECOLOGICAL TOURISM

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The creation of protected areas allows to preserve unique natural territories, but their exclusion from use leads to the fact that the rights, values, interests and self-determination of the local and indigenous population are mostly ignored. Therefore, it is necessary that a careful attitude to nature is economically beneficial for the indigenous population. Rational organization of tourism, management of recreational impact in this case can play a positive role, since tourism can provide real financial support for both nature protection and local culture, as well as socio-economic development of territories. Otherwise, as practice shows, the” ecological niche” of tourism is inevitably occupied by other, more destructive types of nature management, such as deforestation, poaching, etc.

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TRANSLOCATION OF HEAVY METALS (Pb, Zn, Cu) IN THE SEROZEM-ALFALFA SYSTEM AND THEIR EFFECT ON THE ACTIVITY OF THE CATALASE ENZYME

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The activity of soil enzymes depends on the biomass of microorganisms, and their vital activity depends on the ecological state of the soil system. In this paper, the relationship between the enzymatic activity of catalase and the level of heavy metal contamination of the gray-earth soil of the Turkestan region is considered. The results of experimental studies have shown that the enzymatic activity changes with an increase in the content of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu).
The introduction of vermicompost (vermicompost) into the soil led to an increase in the catalase activity of the studied soil-plant system. The observed phenomenon is explained by the stimulation of physiological activity and the formation of a larger mass of microorganisms as a result of improving the agrochemical properties of serozem. The results of experimental studies also indicate a significant effect of vermicompost on the translocation ability of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cu). A significant part of heavy metals, forming complex compounds with humic acids contained in the vermicompost, turn into a sedentary form. Due to this, the rate of HM migration process in both the soil system and the soil-plant system is sharply reduced. Reducing the translocation of HM from soil to plants creates the possibility of obtaining environmentally friendly agricultural products.

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EXPERIENCE IN THE PENETRATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE PAY FORMATION OF THE LENO-VILYUISK OIL AND GAS PROVINCE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article deals with the problems of the penetration and development of wells drilled in the Leno-Vilyuisk oil and gas province. It is assumed that the reasons for individual failures in the course of geological exploration could be the poor-quality tapping of productive horizons.

The study demonstrates the negative impact of the use of clay solutions with weighting agents, which led to the formation of deep zones of penetration of the aqueous phase into the bottom-hole zone of the formation. The results of the intensification measures carried out in individual areas are also presented. To open the upper part of the section with abnormally low reservoir pressures, it is proposed to use lightweight solutions on an anhydrous basis, or clay-chalk solutions with polymers. It is recommended to carry out perforation at reduced levels, or on special buffer solutions with minimal colmatation of the bottom-hole zone in the presence of swelling clay.

It is assumed that in the low permeable Permian pay horizons, which are under abnormally high reservoir pressure, cracks are closing with a sharp decrease in pressure as a result of testing. The authors recommend Hydraulic fracturing with the use of proppants to test the assumption.

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PROSPECTS OF OIL AND GAS POTENTIAL OF THE MIDDLE PALEOZOIC DEPOSITS OF EASTERN YAKUTIA

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The current study proposes a variant of the history of the geological development of Eastern Yakutia with the goal of locating the most promising subsurface areas. The authors compile the schemes of capacities of the main sediment complexes: Middle Devonian-Lower Carboniferous, Upper Paleozoic-Lower Mesozoic, Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous and Upper Cretaceous-Cenozoic. According to the constructed schemes of the thicknesses of sedimentary complexes and the shown horizontal displacements, the Tastakh trough is singled out as the most promising territory. It is assumed that there is a weakly affected section of the Middle Paleozoic rift basin. Additionally, the study substantiated and presents the prospects of oil and gas potential of the Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous complex of deposits.

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MONITORING DISTURBED LANDS USING GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE JEWISH AUTONOMOUS OBLAST

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article analyzes waste management on the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast. Among the natural, difficult-to-control anthropogenic factors that have a negative impact on land resources, it is possible to single out the storage of unauthorized waste, which is the main problem in the region under study. Waste is practically not recycled, and therefore the area of the territories it is located in is constantly expanding.

The paper examines the fundamental technology of organizing the monitoring of disturbed lands by unauthorized waste, which will be of great importance for monitoring the ecological state not only in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast but also throughout the Russian Far East.

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JUSTIFICATION OF THE NEED FOR COMPETENT ACCOUNTING OF METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION IN THE PLANNING AND EXECUTION OF AIRCRAFT FLIGHTS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The current article examines the system of information support for decision-making in the planning of air transportation and the impact of flights on the environment. The identified problems are related to the need to improve the quality of meteorological information received for pre-flight training of flight crew members and awareness of the dispatching staff in the predicted meteorological situation, the use of vertical sections of the atmosphere to obtain the necessary meteorological data when planning a route and familiarization with possible difficult weather conditions. The authors propose the introduction of a specific methodology for calculating the usefulness of predictive information taken into account at the stages of flight planning, decision-making for departure, as well as in-flight rescheduling.

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REPRESENTATIVE INDICATORS IN THE FORMATION OF AGRICULTURAL CLUSTER LAND USE (BASED ON THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA)

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article discusses the definition of representative indicators in the formation of agricultural cluster land use (based on the Republic of Crimea). The authors examine the main representative indicators influencing the use of land plots, the placement of industrial and social infrastructure facilities in the land use of agricultural clusters. The article also substantiates the necessity of the formation and territorial organization of agricultural cluster land use as a recognized tool accompanying sustainable innovative development and increasing the competitiveness of the agro-industrial complex of the country on the basis of land management theory. The study introduces the theoretical basis of land management of agricultural cluster land use, which includes representative indicators of the formation of agricultural cluster land use.

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DEVELOPMENT OF A DEVICE FOR WET GAS SCRUBBING AND UTILIZATION OF GAS HEAT

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article presents a detailed analytical review of the main results of the practical application of new devices for cleaning gas emissions providing the design schemes and technical parameters of the device. This review can facilitate the selection of the optimal design of a wet dust collector when designing gas cleaning systems for specific industrial conditions. The study also indicates the design features of the device for wet cleaning of gases that are released into the atmosphere as a result of certain production activities. Also, the study carries out an analysis of the currently used systems of recycling of secondary energy resources.

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PROBLEMS OF SMOLDERING PEAT FIRES IN FORESTS AND THE ARCTIC

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Forest fires can be divided into two types: flaming or smoldering, depending on the prevailing combustion processes. Both types are present in most forest fires, and despite the fact that they are fundamentally different chemically and physically, one can pass into the other. Smoldering forest fires are becoming a global problem because they cause significant air pollution, emit very large amounts of carbon, and are difficult to detect and extinguish. The central place in this topic is occupied by smoldering peat fires, which lead to one of the largest fires on Earth. Smouldering also prevails over residual burning after the flame has gone out. Finally, smoldering is an important part of forest fires in the Arctic, which are becoming more frequent. A significant part of forest fires in the Arctic occurs in the form of flameless combustion or smoldering of organic soils and permafrost on peatlands. This article provides an overview of smoldering forest fires, related environmental problems, including climate change, as well as problems in the field of prevention and mitigation of consequences.

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RESEARCHING OIL CAPACITY OF MOSS FUSCUM PEAT TO THE COMMERCIAL OIL AND STABLE GAS CONDENSATE

Posted in Issue №7(7) December 2012, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The articles talks about influence of fractional composition of moss fuscum peat on its oil capacity . The technique for determining oil capacity of peat are discribed. The experiments were carried out for hydrocarbons with different density (ρ =880 kg/m3 and ρ =770 kg/m3.

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ADVANTAGES OF THE DEVICE LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS OF THE IRRIGATED LANDS OF THE VOLGOGRAD REGION

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Introduction organization of landscape-экологиесого land in areas with a focus on their microclimatic features and common soil types.

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STUDY OF THE FORMATION OF DUST IMPURITIES IN ATMOSPHERIC AIR ROADSIDE AREAS STREETS IN ORENBURG

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of environmental pollution by road to the example of assessing the state of the roadside area of one of the streets of the city of Orenburg.

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HYDROENERGY RESOURCES OF ALTAI

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

In article considered the role of renewables in social and economic development of Altai Krai. The assessment is carried out of a hydroenergy potential of the rivers of mountain districts of the Altai Krai.

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