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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

MAIN FEATURES OF PROFESSIONAL MOTIVATION OF MEDICAL INSTITUTE STUDENTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Successful formation of professionalism and personal development, as well as psychological readiness for professional activity is determined by professional motivation. Professional motivational is formed through training and the formation of professionally significant mindset.

The study involved 176 students of the Medical Institute of both sexes of the first and the second years of study at the age of 18-19 years old. In the course of the research, methods of studying motives and motivating professional activity, diagnosing academic motivation and studying the motivation for obtaining vocational education were used. As a result of the research, it was revealed that young people studying in the 1-2 courses are more motivated by the profession of the doctor because of the desire to assert themselves, or to get respect from the loved ones, colleagues, parents, etc. The first place in terms of the number of choices is occupied by the desire of young people to receive a document certifying their education, not the increase of professional competence. Obtained results indicate the need for introducing a formative experiment in higher educational institutions of the Russian Federation.

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PERSONALITY PROFILE DIFFERENCES AMONG WOMEN VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND WOMEN WHO ARE NOT VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This research was aimed at determining the differences in personality profile among women victims of domestic violence and women who are not victims of domestic violence. Research sample comprises 159 married women who live with their husband. 59 of the respondents were women who reported domestic violence in social work centers in several cities in Macedonia, and 97 women who are not victims of domestic violence. Dimensions of the personality profile were measured with “Big 5 + 2” personality test. The results provides an overview in terms of socio-demographic data of the sample and statistically significant differences in terms of Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Conscientiousness and Positive valence.

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STRATEGIC THINKING DURING CAREER PLANNING IN ADOLESCENCE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers a strategic approach to career planning among students under the conditions of modern changes and is compared with the system approach. The concepts of “VUCA-environment,” “strategy” are discussed in the article. Comparative analysis of researches of the qualities of a person, capable of strategic thinking and qualities which make the person in modern VUCA-environment successful is given. Based on the comparative analysis of personal characteristics, a scheme for the process of making strategic decisions has been proposed, its elements have been singled out. They enable the representation of the process of making strategic decisions.

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EXPERIENCE OF USING BIBLICAL PARABLES FOR THE FORMATION OF TOLERANCE AMONG YOUTH

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The following paper is devoted to the study of the influence of the content of biblical parables on the formation of tolerance and adaptation among young people. The correction of students was held in the psycho-correctional group by the method of psychodrama. Diagnosis was carried out on the basis of the author’s questionnaire, which examines personal resources of young people. Participation in psychodrama increased the psychological resource of girls and the social resource of young men. The results of the use of parables in psychodrama showed an increase in the level of adaptive reserves among girls and the formation of tolerance among young men.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL INDUCTION IN THE FORMATION OF VALUES OF SCHOOLCHILDREN

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers topical issues related to the formation of values of schoolchildren. The mechanism is based on the method of reflected subjectivity. The values of significant adults, attitudes towards health and a healthy lifestyle are defined; their structural components are described and presented. With the help of the comparative analysis, we identified the influence of vital values of adults, including their attitude to a healthy lifestyle, on values of older schoolchildren.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOME PERSONALITY TRAITS AND LATE LIFE DEPRESSION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Introduction: Late-life depression is one of the most frequent disorders in elderly and often remains unrecognized. The possible influence of personality traits on the etiology of late-life depression has long been of interest to clinicians, often with the assumption that some personality features predispose individuals to develop depression in late life.

Objective: To estimate the impact of some personality traits on late-life depression.

Subjects and Methods: The research was conducted on a sample of 120 participants, 60 patients with late-life depression and 60 community-dwelling older adults without depressive symptoms, aged 60+. All participants were examined using a general questionnaire created for the purpose of the study, the Geriatric Depression Scale, and ICD-10.

Results: A higher percentage with statistical significance was found in the group of patient than in the control individuals, regarding the three personality features: Low self-esteem (Yates chi-square=24.99 df=1 p=0.00000), Dependent from other person (Yates chi-square=22.03 df=1 p=0.00000), and Pessimism (Yates chi-square=25.04 df=1 p=0.00000).

Conclusion: Our study has shown a significant positive relationship between low self-esteem, dependent from other person and pessimism with late life depression. These data suggest that late-life depression risk is elevated among elderly patients with these personality traits.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF SELF-ESTEEM AND LEVEL OF TEENAGERS’ ASSERTION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the analysis of the results of an empirical study of the psychological features of self-esteem and the level of assertion in early adolescence and their meaningful interpretation. It presents the age specificity of the dynamic features of self-esteem manifestation and the level of assertion of teenagers. The main features of self-esteem ratio and the level of assertion of boys and girls are analysed, the tendencies of interrelations and differences in the manifestation of self-esteem and the level of assertion of teenagers on the lower and upper age limits are demonstrated.

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MAIN ASPECTS OF EMOTIONAL SPHERE DEVELOPMENT OF MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN UNDER CHARGE: PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper considers the main theoretical aspects of the emotional sphere of mentally retarded children. The practical part of the pilot study on the younger schoolchildren is of special interest. The results of the diagnostic examination of personal characteristics of the emotional sphere of charged children are analyzed. The conclusion is drawn on the lack of emotions in charged families which corresponds to insufficient psychological adaptation of underage children to social environment, as well as to their intellectual development.

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RAPID TEST METHOD OF ASSESSMENT OF EMPLOYEES COMMITMENT TO THE COMPANY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the importance and indicators of employees’ commitment as an integral condition of the company’s developed corporate culture and effective work. The author’s methodology for assessing the commitment of employees is presented in the paper. It is focused on practitioners working at enterprises and organizations in various industries. The results of the developed methodology enable quantitative estimation and the choice of the most efficient tools of influence, enabling the improvement of the situation in the working group qualitatively.

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INFLUENCE OF FAMILY EDUCATION STYLE ON A DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY OF SCHOOL-AGED CHILD

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the influence of family education on the formation of child’s personality. The basic classification of education styles and their peculiarities are also given. It is noted that the education style allows not only to influence the development of the child’s personality, but to acquire particular qualities and beliefs, and also helps a child to adapt to the conditions of a social environment. In conclusion, the author states that the democratic style of education, based on the mutual love between the child and parents, respect, and taking care of each other is the most effective and, what is more important, able to solve many problems associated with the development of mentally and psychologically healthy, intellectually developed, communicative person.

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ON PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF FUTURE PSYCHOLOGISTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article contains theoretical analysis of personal development and professional training of future psychologists. The analysis of the problem of training psychologists is confirmed by the results of a pilot study, which was conducted at the FSBEI of Higher Education “Sholem Aleichem Amur State University.” The necessity for personal psychological work within the training of psychologists at the university was confirmed. The results of the research prove the need for deep study of personal experiences by students for more effective professional training.

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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF ANTI-CORRUPTION BEHAVIOR OF THE DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS MEMBERS AND STATE EMPLOYEES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 7(61) July 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the issue of psychological determinants of anti-corruption behavior identification, which allows ensuring the performance of official duties by employees strictly within the framework of legal regulation of their activities.

Statistical evaluation of psychological characteristics ensuring the formation of anti-corruption behavior is carried out. Obtained psychological characteristics of the employees of the internal affairs agencies are compared with the psychological characteristics of the state organization employees.

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ETHNIC ATTITUDES AND STEREOTYPES AMONG YOUTH

Posted in 2017, Issue № 7(61) July 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the problem associated with current ethnic attitudes and stereotypes among the youth. At present, dynamic changes are taking place in modern society, closely related to the specifics of interethnic interaction. At the same time, a person’s idea of a particular nationality is determined by ethnic attitudes and stereotypes to a significant extent. As a result of the empirical study it has been found that there is a connection between some indicators reflecting ethnic stereotypes and attitudes among the Russian youth towards the representatives of the Ukrainian nationality.

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COMPARISON OF USING DANCE SPORTS AND OTHER KINDS OF SPORTS FOR PREVENTION OF INTERNET DEPENDENCE AMONG SCHOOL STUDENTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 7(61) July 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Internet addiction among school students is one of the most significant problems of nowadays. Despite the fact that there are no radical methods to oppose it, young sports enthusiasts are resistant to this dependence. The purpose of this work is to describe the possibility of overcoming Internet addiction among young people on the basis of using the opportunities of dance sport and comparing it with other sports from this point of view. It is shown that schoolchildren engaged in sports dances, as well as other sports, spend much less time on online entertainment and games than the control group of school students. It is concluded that dance sports provide opportunities to overcome the development of Internet addiction among school students.

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FACILITATION IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 7(61) July 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The issue of teachers-faciltators is raised increasingly during the implementations of a person-oriented approach in education. The article discusses the data, available in the scientific literature on the problem of facilitation in pedagogical activity. The definitions of the concept of “facilitation” used in foreign and domestic psychology are presented, as well as the main approaches to the study of facilitation in modern psychology. The necessity of the use of facilitation in the system of higher education is justified.

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STUDY OF SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF TRAUMATIC DISEASES IN EDUCATEES OF SOCIAL PROTECTION INSTITUTIONS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 7(61) July 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The issues of psychotraumatology complimented by the increasing number of psychic traumas in recent years take one of the leading positions in the fields of psychiatry and psychology (clinical, social, personality psychology). In this regard, the study of the clinical and social-psychological manifestations of traumatic experiences, developing in adolescents before and after admission to a socioprotective institution is inevitable. The article presents the results of the study of the structure of the previous multiple traumatic experience in conditions of deprivation; data of a comparative analysis of posttraumatic experiences among educatees of social protection institutions, the necessity in allocation of different “targets” in planning medical and psychological-corrective measures is justified, it takes into account the differentiation of groups of orphans and teenagers raised in families in difficult life situations.

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON THE PROBLEM OF TOBACCO SMOKING

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents an overview of psychological research dedicated to the problem of tobacco smoking at three levels of study: Macro, micro-social and personal. At the macro-social level, we consider the issue of the influence of advertising and commercial on the initiation to smoking. On micro-social level we analyse the influence of the family, friends and the norms of an educational organization where a teenager is learning. At the personal level of the problem, we single out individual and personal characteristics of the person who smokes. However, despite a large number of studies on the problem of tobacco smoking, there is still no single approach to it, which poses the task of developing an integrated approach.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL PORTRAIT OF A CONTEMPORARY LEADER

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article studies and analyses the psychological portrait of a modern leader with the help of the on-line questionnaire “Effective Leader.” The results of this study revealed democratic and mixed (democratic with the elements of authoritarian) leadership styles as dominant. High level of conscientiousness and responsibility, self-control and perseverance are components of the volitional self-regulation, while high level of self-guidance and self-value indicate adequate self-attitude.

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FORMATION OF EFFICIENT COPING STRATEGIES AMONG FRESHMEN DURING EXAMINATION SESSION AS ONE OF THE DIRECTIONS OF SUICIDAL RISKS PREVENTION IN THE YOUTH ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the experience of working with students of a pedagogical university dedicated to the formation of effective coping strategies. Young people in the age of 18-25 years old take the second place among all age groups of people who commit suicide. The aim of this study was to elaborate strategies to reduce suicidal risk.

The article presents the results analysis of the current stage of the study, which enabled us to identify the category of subjects with a medium and low productive coping strategy level. When this group deals with negative or stressful situations, its representatives experience increased level of anxiety, strong desire to avoid problems and lack resources to overcome difficulties during the examination period. We developed a program for working with students, offered comparative analysis of the constitutive and control stages of the study, which confirmed the efficiency of the suggested strategies.

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THE SENSITIVITY TO MEANING AS AN ASPECT OF PROFESSION REFLEXION OF FUTURE TEACHERS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes a psychological phenomena that is able to be traced in the implementation of reflexive seminars with students of Pedagogical College. When students work with texts that describe various professional positions, a “sensitivity to meaning of the text”, as a phenomenon of understanding logic of author’s argumentation, as well as the absence of such sensitivity has been detected. Interconnection between the sensitivity to the meaning of the text and the modality of reflexive activity was discovered.

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