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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

INFLUENCE OF BIRTH DATE ON PERSONAL FEATURES

Posted in 2019, Issue №1(79) January 2019, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The main theoretical aspects of the influence of the date (month) of birth on the personality characteristics of a person are considered in the paper. The data of empirical studies of domestic and foreign authors are given, and personal characteristics of people are compared based on them. The data of own empirical research on a sample of students revealed the dependence of personal characteristics on a birth date. Significant differences in typological personality traits (superfeatures according to G.Yu. Aysenk) between people born in different months are revealed as well. The effect of the birth date is more pronounced at the level of neuroticism and psychoticism.

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FEATURES OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE IN ADOLESCENTS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS

Posted in 2018, Issue №12(78) December 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Features of language competence in adolescents with personality and behavior disorders were studied in connection with organic brain damage or developmental disorders in comparison with the norm group. Intergroup differences were found in the success of finding semantic and grammatical mistakes in sentences and texts, and in conveying the meaning of visual situations in speech. There were quantitative and qualitative intergroup differences in conversational speech, differences in discourse styles. Work with texts with quasi-words in adolescents with mental disabilities was carried out with violation of semantic integrity, the grammatical/derivational context was poorly taken into account, and when translating quasi-words into Russian, the orientation to sound similarity with actually existing words was frequent. The results may be relevant for the practice of diagnostic and correctional educational work with adolescents with mental disorders.

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DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL COMPETENCE AND SOCIAL ADAPTATION OF YOUNGER SCHOOLCHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DISORDERS IN DIFFERENT CONDITIONS OF EDUCATION

Posted in 2018, Issue №12(78) December 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the research results of the emotional component of social competence and social adaptation of younger students with mental retardation who study in inclusive and specialized education establishments. General and specific characteristics are determined, both by the structure of the defect and social and environmental factors, in particular, the conditions for receiving an education. The necessity of purposeful psychological and pedagogical influence in the context of the socialization of students taking into account the specifics of psychopathological and environmental factors is argued.

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CORRELATION BETWEEN INTELLIGENCE AND PROFESSIONAL INTERESTS OF SENIOR PUPILS

Posted in 2018, Issue №12(78) December 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This article deals with the problem of professional self-determination of youth. The results of an empirical study show that there are statistically significant correlations between intelligence and professional interests. Gender differences are considered. The following conclusion is made: gender differences do exist, they are of theoretical interest and can be taken into account in practical activities.

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CONNECTION BETWEEN DEPRESSIVE STATE AND PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT AMONG PEOPLE AGED 40 TO 65 YEARS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This survey was conducted in order to show how the perceived social support affected people to decrease the possibility of depressive state which occurs as a result of many factors. The survey included 40 respondents (20 men and 20 women) aged from 40 to 65 (middle aged). Each of them received a questionnaire containing demographic data, SD scale for depression and International Support Evaluation List, a questionnaire for perceived social support. The obtained results showed that there was connection between depressive state and perceived social support on level p˂.01. The results from the tested Hypothesis 2 showed that there were not any statistically significant differences between men and women in experiensing depressive state and their perceived social support.

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READINESS OF CHILDREN WITH ASD TO EDUCATIONAL INCLUSION AS A REQUIREMENT TO OVERCOME THEIR SOCIAL STIGMATIZATION

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problems of educational inclusion of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It is shown that social stigmatization of children with autism is associated both with the myths about autism and negative attitudes towards them from peers and adults and with low readiness of children with ASD to some form of inclusive education. The role of complex diagnostics of a child with ASD in the process of determining its readiness for learning in an inclusive education is substantiated. Different inclusion strategies for children with autism are discussed. It is highlighted that these strategies vary considerably, depending on the individual characteristics and the specifics of each child autistic disorder.

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INCLUSIVE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES OF THE AUTHENTIC SPECTRUM IN THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF PARENTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to analyze the research of domestic scientists and practitioners, which study attitudes, needs and determinants of the attitude of parents of children with disabilities, including children with autism spectrum disorders and parents of healthy children to inclusive education. The method of investigation is comparative-comparative analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature. The results of a study of Russian scientists conducted in various regions are presented. Both positive and negative forms of parents’ perception of the possibility of introducing inclusive education for children with autism spectrum disorders in educational institutions are most often shown in their.

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TOPICAL QUESTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING OF ATHLETES

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the study of psychological preparation of athletes of various qualifications and different levels (beginners, juniors, and masters) and individuals who have no particular interests and also discusses the causes of various types of aggression depending on the level of their training. It is noted that sports activities in various sports require the development of a large complex of the athletes’ mental processes. As a result of the study, it was confirmed that there is a difference in the level of self-respect and manifestations of aggressive behavior in athletes of various qualifications depending on the preferences in the motivational and needs’ sphere of an individual.

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THE STUDY OF VALIDITY OF QUASI-LANGUAGE TECHNIQUES OF DIAGNOSTICS OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE OF SCHOOLCHILDREN

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The validity of the techniques created based on quasi-language material for the diagnosis of the language competence in the middle school age was studied. The relationships with performance indicators of other widely used techniques for language diagnostics were analyzed. Children, who were sensitive to semantic and morphological/grammatical context of sentences and texts in working with quasi-texts, demonstrated high results in the performance of tasks on detection of semantic and grammatical errors in Russian sentences and completion of uncompleted sentences in accordance with grammatical and semantic context of the task.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF PARENTAL TOLERANCE

Posted in 2018, Issue №6(72) June 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The study deals with a type of parental tolerance that has not been scrutinized in depth by psychology; yet, it is the type of tolerance that determines educational capacity of the family. Based on the author’s concept of the concept of conscious parenthood developed a model of parental tolerance. Psychodiagnostic complex was tested to study the structure of parent tolerance. The model of parental tolerance as an integral unity of three components (cognitive, emotional and behavioral) is empirically tested. Structural and content analysis of tolerance was carried out with the help of correlation research. The system-forming component in the structure of parental tolerance is the emotional component and its elements – positive parental feelings towards the child on the basis of its unconditional acceptance and parental love; in the cognitive component – awareness of the parent’s attitude to the child and parental responsibility; in behavioral component – communicative tolerance and democratic style of family education.

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CONNECTION OF BEHAVIOR STRATEGIES IN CONFLICT WITH TRENDS OF IMAGE AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Posted in 2018, Issue №6(72) June 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

In the modern world, the issues of resolving emotionally conflicting identities, which are based on the image of “the other,” delimited by the definition of the image of the “own,” are especially topical. Personality, having one or another image of him/herself, as a participant of any social processes, chooses a certain strategy of behavior in a conflict situation, being also guided by the ability to understand and manage emotions.

The present study was aimed at describing the relationship between empirical indicators of the preferences of the behavior strategy in the “Evasion” conflict, the general “Domination” tendency of the self-image and the main “Authoritarianism” tendency of the self-image, as well as indicators of emotional intelligence. The results can be applied in the practice of personnel assessment, psychological counseling, and psychotherapy.

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PARADIGMS OF ETHNIC PSYCHOLOGY

Posted in 2018, Issue №5(71) May 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The descriptive, cultural and historical paradigms of ethnic psychology are justified in the paper. It is shown that the first one has emerged at the beginning of the development of this branch of knowledge into an independent science at the end of the 19th century and guided scientists to identify the patterns of functioning of national self-consciousness, stereotypes, conduct the study of the problems of the ethnic originality of the world perception, the specifics of interethnic relations, ethnopsychological characteristics of people in general. It is found that the second paradigm began to be formed in the 1960s and focuses on the study of ethnic identity and tolerance among different peoples, the peculiarities of their perception and cognition, the study of sociopsychological problems of the life of ethnic minorities, the flow of migration processes and acculturation in their midst. It is based on the comprehension of the historical epistemological, cross-cultural and ethnical and functional approaches to understanding the ethnic psyche.

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE PSYCHOTHERAPY EDUCATIONAL PROCESS ON THE LEVEL OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Posted in 2018, Issue №3(69) March 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Psychotherapy represents opening new perspectives, possibilities and it helps with broadening one’s personal horizons. The psychotherapist has full responsibility during the psychotherapeutic process to make sure that the client is going to benefit from it and that it will also lead to changes, at the same time ensuring that they are maintaining their professional boundaries. The psychotherapist should posses’ excellent communication skills, high emotional intelligence and high empathy.

In a lot of studies it has been confirmed that the psychotherapist’s attributes are the main component which affects the success of the psychotherapeutic process. The psychotherapist needs to possess certain personality traits in order to effectively respond to all the requirements which determine the success of the therapeutic process. During psychotherapy education, cognitive processes and surmounting cognitive knowledge are successfully controlled through examinations, writing essays, reports and supervision.

Educational programs don’t describe how and whether it is possible for the psychotherapist to build their personal characteristics and specific skills. This research tries to answer the question: Does the psychotherapy educational process affects the emotional intelligence of people who are studying in psychotherapy?

This study shows that the emotional intelligence changes during the psychotherapy educational process. The results show that after one year of frequent attendance in the psychotherapy educational group, the ability to regulate and manage their emotions increased. The learning process helps the students to increase their emotional competence and understand their emotional processes in order to understand the emotional processes within others. The students learn how to support the good processes and correct the negative ones.

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MODELING OF MANIFESTATIONS OF PHENOMENON OF TRUST TO DIGITAL ECONOMIC PRODUCTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №3(69) March 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The concept of digital economy is becoming a familiar phenomenon in the life of a modern society today, just as the economy of knowledge and the informatization in due time. As time passes, the share of the digital economy increases in comparison with the material economy. Indeed, many of us have become accustomed to non-cash payments or online purchases in the Internet. The problem of the formation of social representations, psychological mechanisms and models of users’ confidence in the products of the digital economy (sometimes this word-combination is replaced with a shorter one – on-line-trust) under modern conditions is particularly relevant. However, despite this, the solution of this problem has not yet been supported by a sufficient number of fundamental psychological studies. The subject of this study is the existing models of building user confidence in products of the digital economy.

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IN SEARCH OF STRUCTURE-GENERATING EMOTIONS

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper presents the problem of structure-forming emotions, the search of which has been attracting the attention of scientists all over the world. The essence of emotional development of a person in adolescence as a ratio of progressive and regressive emotional manifestations is shown. Emotions in adolescence form a complex dynamic structure, including a spectrum of ambivalent, stenotic and asthenic emotional states. The lack of calm assumes movement, structural reorganization, inability to organize and control emotional phenomena independently, and the nonequilibrium state of the emotional sphere of the individual.

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USAGE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES BY CHILDREN: GENDER-ROLE DIFFERENCES

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The research is aimed at revealing the differences in the psychological gender of an individual in the behavior of boys and girls, who actively use digital technologies, as well as differences in the vision of preschool children about the peculiarities of “I” image of boys and girls, men and women. It was found that boys who actively use digital technologies are vulnerable, arrogant, weak-willed, dependent, unable to cope even with elementary difficulties. Girls, on the contrary, show persistence, emotional coldness, become resolute even in an obvious situation, when they cannot cope with it.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO STUDY OF PROBLEM OF PERSONAL SELF-REPRESENTATION OF STUDENTS STUDYING MANAGEMENT

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper reveals the features of the study of a phenomenon of personal self-presentation of students studying management. The main approaches to study of the problem of personal self-presentation in domestic and foreign psychology are presented. The structure, structural components and motivational components of personal self-presentation are described as well. The essence of professionally important qualities of managers is revealed in the paper. The author offers an interpretation of the understanding of personal self-presentation of students studying management. The conditions for the successful professional activity of the manager are determined, depending on the formation of his/her psychological qualities. The concept of formation of a business image as a basis of the process of development of personal self-presentation is justificated in the paper.

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REVIEW OF DIRECTIONS OF MODERN STUDIES IN THE STUDY OF PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ESSENTIAL OILS

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper analyzes 36 scientific publications presenting the results of an experimental study of the pharmacological activity of various essential oils.
The ways of introduction, the types of laboratory are and the design of the study were analyzed. The most studied is the psychophysiological activity of essential oils, which 70% of studies are devoted to.
It is established that the essential oils of lavender, lemon, cloves, cypress, basil are characterized by pronounced anxiolytic, antidepressant action. The optimal course of essential oil therapy is 3 weeks. Essential oils have low toxicity and good tolerability, which, given the constantly growing evidence base of clinical studies, allows them to be considered as a promising object in medical and psychological practice for the correction of psychophysiological disorders.

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ON DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPT OF NATURE-FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGIES IN PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISEASES

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

More and more people in the modern world suffer from mental disorders. A negative impact of the environment takes an important place in the genesis of mental diseases. Urbanization has led to the fact that a significant part of the urban population suffers from a wide range of mental disorders of varying severity. The international experience shows that one of the best means of prevention and treatment of such disorders is to create an enabling environment surrounding a person, and one of the ways to achieve this goal is to introduce nature-friendly technologies in the field of mental health. The President of the Russian Federation, V.V. Putin emphasized that this problem is also relevant in Russia in his speech at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly. The author of the paper considers the further introduction of nature-friendly technologies into medicine and, based on the analysis of international practices, the introduction of nature-friendly therapy in the treatment of mental disorders. The integrated use of such treatment methods can radically improve the mental health of the nation, the demographic situation, contribute to the increase in the working capacity of the population, which will affect the vector of economic and social development of Russia in future.

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SPIRITUALLY-ORIENTED PRACTICES AS METHOD OF SELF-REALIZATION OF PERSON

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

As an optimal way of correcting the psychological characteristics of overweight persons, based on the assumption that self-development and self-improvement carried out in the course of spiritually-oriented, namely, body-oriented practices, are the spheres of self-realization, the obtained results revealed changes concerning personal growth and family relationships in those patients engaged in body-oriented practices, which made it possible to assert that the application of this approach is an optimal way of correction and self-realization of the human personality and especially of those overweight.

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