Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

HIGH PERFORMANCE COACHING

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

In order to the efficiency of the organization’s staff investigated technology coaching, focused on the balance between work and personal life. The use of coaching promising to optimize the capacity of human resources, the technology has no ready-made answers, it involves the development, the formation of skills and enriches the experience of setting goals and their effective implementation.

Read More

SOCIAL RISKS OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY OF ORGANIZATIONS: CRITERIA OF KNOWLEDGE AND THE LEVEL OF AGREEMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the conditions for the production of social risks in the digital economy, especially at the organizational level. The digitalization of the economy of organizations undoubtedly increases the efficiency of their functioning; however, at the same time, it introduces many risks into the social life of employees and collectives that arise due to the processes of globalization, increasing information flows, the intertwining of the real and virtual environments of the economy. The social risks arising in organizations are considered through the criteria of knowledge and the level of agreement among the team members. It turned out that most often risks are made in conditions of uncertainty of knowledge and lack of agreement between the team members. Four types of risk sources were identified: the mobile identity of virtual employees, limited cognitive capabilities of employees, a decrease in the effectiveness of the trust mechanism in the organization, and the replacement of the semantic basis of social communication with a binary testing code.

Read More

FEATURES OF THE WORK OF A SCHOOL COUNSELOR ON THE PREVENTION OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN SIXTH GRADE STUDENTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the main trajectories of preventive activity of a social counselor on the problem of aggressive behavior including various means, methods and forms of work carried out at all existing levels of prevention. A diagnostic program designed to study the aggressive behavior of sixth-graders, including the Buss-Durkey Inventory modified by V. Rezapkina and the methodology “Diagnostics of acceptance of others”, et al. allowed the authors to make conclusions about the trends in the behavior of sixth-grade students: an increased level of physical aggression (use of force and readiness to use blows, kicks), verbal (insults), indirect (malicious jokes, hitting the table and objects, throwing objects, slamming doors), irritability (rudeness), negativism (protest actions), suspicion (distrust and caution) as well as insufficiently developed empathic abilities, reduced indicators of acceptance of others, excessive negative aggressiveness and proneness to conflict. Based on the analysis of the results of the ascertaining stage of the study, a program for the prevention of aggressive behavior of sixth-grade students was developed and implemented. The forms and methods of work used included seminars, group discussions, business games, watching videos, compiling memos, problem situations, psychological and pedagogical actions, cases, a quest and some elements of training (relaxation exercises and effective interaction techniques), etc. A comparative analysis of the results of the work on evaluating the effectiveness of the developed preventive program allows the authors to assert that adolescents have acquired the skills of communicative interaction and constructive response in conflict situations, the ability to recognize and regulate their negative emotions as well as the ability to accept themselves and others, empathize with them.

Read More

LIVING WITH PARENTS AND THE FORMATION OF COPING BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENCE

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the aspects of the influence of child-parent relationships on the preference of coping behavior strategies in adolescence. A study conducted on a sample of student respondents shows that living with at least one of the parents is an important choice factor when coping with stressful living conditions of such a coping strategy as the desire to resolve (plan solutions) problems. The preference for this strategy causes a decrease in the level of anxiety. The obtained results can be applied in consulting and preventive work with young people with the involvement of the resource of educational opportunities of the nuclear family in order to develop constructive strategies for coping behavior and improving the psycho-emotional state, overcoming anxiety and depressive states. The results may be of particular importance for the prevention of stressful states and reducing the level of anxiety during university studies.

Read More

AN ANALYSIS OF THE FUNCTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL BOUNDARIES IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERSUBJECTIVE AND INTRASUBJECTIVE ASPECTS OF SELF-CONSTRUCT IN YOUTH

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents an analysis of the functions of the psychological boundaries of personality in relation to the intrasubject and intersubject parameters of self-constructs in youth. The essence and variants of self-constructs (intrasubjective / individualistic / independent and intersubjective / collectivistic / interdependent) are considered. The study presents the results of an empirical study of the intrasubject / intersubject aspects of the self-concept and the functions of psychological boundaries in a sample of young men and women from Orenburg. Empirical research determines the following connections: between intersubjective self-constructs and the development of the active-non-admitting function of the personality boundary, as well as between the intrasubjective aspects of self-constructs and the giving function of boundaries.

Read More

A STUDY OF THE BURNOUT SYNDROME IN A STUDENT ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the issues of studying the problem of “emotional burnout syndrome” and its main aspects, the most significant of which include disadaptation of students, the loss of life values, interpersonal communication, disharmony, a low assessment of personal professionalism, which affects learning. An empirical study among students of 3-4 year classical choreographers in the Krasnodar State Institute of Culture by means of the K. Maslach and S. Jackson methodology revealed the presence of symptoms of emotional burnout (54%), while the level of burnout was medium (emotional exhaustion (29%), depersonalization (22%), reduction of personal achievements (26%), which is an indicator of an urgent pedagogical problem. This phenomenon is a topical subject of research in pedagogical science.

Read More

ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND THE SOCIOMETRIC STATUS IN YOUNGER SCHOOLCHILDREN

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to theoretically substantiate and empirically identify the relationship between academic performance and the sociometric status of younger schoolchildren in a modern school. The objectives of the study are the following: conducting a theoretical and methodological analysis of the research problem; conducting an empirical study. The hypothesis of the study is based on the assumption that there is a relationship between the level of academic performance and the sociometric status of the student. Research methods include analysis of scientific publications, comparison, generalization, synthesis, empirical research, document analysis, sociometric method, methods of mathematical statistics. The obtained results of the study allow for asserting that there is a direct correlation between the sociometric status of students and the level of their academic performance: students with high sociometric status have a high level of academic performance, while students with such statuses as “neglected” and “rejected” have a low and average level of academic performance.

Read More

FORMATION OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a comparative study of the components of emotional intelligence in children with developmental delay and their neurotypical peers of preschool age. The study examines the following components of emotional intelligence: awareness and verbalization of emotions; demonstration of emotions adequate to the situation; use of emotions in solving problem situations. Between the groups under study, the author notes significant differences in the ability to recognize and differentiate their own and other people’s emotions; in the skills of demonstrating emotions as well as in their ideas about the causes of emotions. Children of both groups do not differ in emotional orientation, they have a predominant focus on the world of things and on themselves. The obtained patterns were used in correctional and developmental work with elements of cognitive-behavioral training on the formation of emotional intelligence in preschool children.

Read More

CREATIVE ACTIVITY AS A RESOURCE FOR THE SOCIALIZATION OF THE ELDERLY

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the main aspects of creative activity, which is a resource for the socialization of personality in elderly individuals. The authors present characteristics of the elderly and the basic factors affecting the decrease in the socialization in the elderly. The article analyzes the features of creative activity in old age from the point of view of developmental psychology while also describing some types and manifestations of creativity that activate the socialization of the individual. It is confirmed that with the activation of creativity, the elderly return to a high-quality social life filled with diverse and interesting events. In addition, creative activity is examined through the lens of the resource content of the elderly. In conclusion, the article explains the necessity of introducing creative activity into the lives of the elderly.

Read More

PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF MIGRANT STUDENTS AND STUDENTS IN A RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the possibilities of religious communities of helping with the psychological adaptation of migrants.

The article discusses the pressing issue of migration, which has increased over the past decades. Due to the globalization of society, scientific interest in this topic will only increase. In modern social psychology, there is still not enough empirical and theoretical knowledge related to various aspects of the migration process and results, the psychological characteristics of migrants, etc.

The purpose of the study is to determine the possibility of using a religious community for the adaptation of migrants. The objectives of the study are to establish the dependence of the psychological adaptation of a migrant on their participation in religious life, to identify the features of the psychological adaptation of migrants in religious communities.

The study finds that in almost all indicators, the level of adaptation among those involved in the life of the religious community is objectively higher, while the level of stress experienced is lower.

As a result, the data obtained indicate with a sufficient level of evidence that practicing believers and students have adapted psychologically faster regardless of nationality, territories of residence, and their native language.

The discussed aspects include:

– the influence of religion as a stabilizing factor in the adaptation of migrants is justified;

– a developed questionnaire aimed at identifying the emotional attitude to the act of migration.

Read More

PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF EXTREMISM AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the analysis of psychological factors and the prevention of extremism among young people. The article analyzes the problem of contrasting individual-personal and socio – psychological prerequisites of extremism, including the example of individual cases of extremist manifestations among young people that caused a great public outcry – the case of student Varvara Karaulova, the case of the Kazan “columbiner” – Ilnaz Galyaviev. The article presents the results of preliminary study interviewing – of students and teachers of Tatarstan universities on the psychological factors of extremism – the specifics of personal traits of extremists, motives of activity, attitude to various measures to prevent extremism.

Read More

RESILIENCE AS A FACTOR OF ADAPTATION OF MILITARY VETERANS TO AGE-RELATED STRESS FACTORS

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article theoretically substantiates the importance of studying the factors of adaptation of military veterans to new living conditions. The authors examine the integral characteristics of the resilience of military veterans, its individual components as factors that ensure the success of adaptation to age-related stressful conditions. It is noted that among the diagnosed characteristics of resilience in military veterans, involvement is the least formed. A higher level of involvement and control was diagnosed in the group of working military veterans. A significantly higher level of such a component of resilience as risk-taking among military veterans compared to civilians was also noted. The results obtained in the course of the study can be practically implemented in programs of psychological support for military personnel aimed at increasing their level of adaptation to changed living conditions at retirement.

Read More

THE ROLE OF SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN DETERMINING SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR IN PERSONS AFTER FAILED SUICIDE ATTEMPTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is based on a sample of 290 people hospitalized at the Sklifosovsky Research Institute of Ambulance after failed suicide attempts, it evaluates the role of 5 socio-demographic factors and 21 psychological factors in determining suicidal behavior. Using linear discriminant analysis, the authors of the article create a model with the correct discriminating ability (λ=0.11757). The developed model allowed for classifying the examined suicides into three groups, depending on the severity and frequency of their suicide attempts with an accuracy of 98.3%. It is shown that the variables “Fear of Suicide” (partial λ= 0.316596; F=303.2836; p<0.000000) and "Consequences for Loved Ones" (partial λ= 0.656979; F=73.3576; p<0.000000) had the greatest separative power. None of the 5 examined socio-demographic factors were included in the model due to low eigenvalues of the Fisher criterion that did not reach the inclusion level (F-exclude=2.281; p<0.000). Based on the data of linear discriminant analysis, the study concludes that psychological factors play a significant role in determining suicidal behavior in individuals with failed suicide attempts in the anamnesis, and such socio-demographic factors as age, gender, level of education, marital status and the presence of children did not significantly affect the genesis of suicide.

Read More

THE CAUSES OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN TODAY’S CHILDREN

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This article examines the neuropsychological approach to the problem of learning difficulties in modern children and scientifically substantiates the advantages of this approach over others. The article highlights the causes of learning difficulties, examines the concepts of such learning difficulties as dysgraphia, dyslexia as well as determines the main directions of correctional activity. It is noted that a number of violations can be defined as a borderline state of the norm and differentiated as age-related symptoms. The article substantiates the difficulty of establishing causal relationships between the disorders under study. The review article focuses on the possibility of complete correction of disorders in children with neuropsychological difficulties in determining the causes and correctly constructed individual route of teacher-child interaction.

Read More

FEATURES OF PATHOPSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PICTOGRAPHIC WRITING OF PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA WITH VARIOUS DEGREES OF DEFECT

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes the pathopsychological characteristics of pictographic writing of patients with schizophrenia, which will help identify diagnostic criteria that characterize the degree of fluctuation in the utilization of semantic content during the growth of a schizophrenic defect accompanied by a corresponding violation of mental activity. Unlike any of the other methods, the pictogram method has a diagnostic potential that can reveal the level of abstraction in its various manifestations in the pictographic products of the respodent, and thus reveal the ability of the subject to navigate normally in various sign systems with a less or more pronounced abstract resource. When determining the level of abstractness, commonality, adequacy in pictographic writing in patients with schizophrenia with different degrees of defect, the study also examines an indicator of individual significance indicating the degree of semiotic involvement of the respodent in his own reflection, judgments, interpretation.

Read More

THE INFLUENCE OF THE LEVEL OF RESILIENCE OF ADOLESCENTS ON THE DEGREE OF EXPRESSION OF PERSONAL QUALITIES

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the development of the psychological resilience of adolescent children. It describes the results of diagnosing school students aged 14-16 in schools of Tyumen Oblast for the influence of the level of resilience of adolescents on the degree of expression of individual personality qualities. The authors use the following methods: the resilience test by Leontiev D. A. and Rasskazova E. I., the method of studying the self-esteem of the individual by S. A. Budassi, Eysenck Personality Inventory, the research of volitional self-regulation by A.V. Zverkov and E. V. Eidman, express diagnostics of responsibility by V. P. Pryadein, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, Humor Styles Questionnaire, the questionnaire “Style of explaining successes and failures” (in the Russian-language adaptation by T. O. Gordeeva, O. A. Sychyov, E. N. Osin), the diagnostics of goodwill on the Campbell scale, express diagnostics of empathy (modified by I. M. Yusupov), the methodology “Diagnostics of motivation to achieve success” by T. Ehlers. To evaluate the results obtained, the study uses Pearson’s chi-squared test. The research determines that resilient adolescents are characterized by such personality traits as optimism, a high level of self-esteem, a self-supporting style of a sense of humor, empathy, motivation for success, a phlegmatic temperament.

Read More

SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF FORMING A CORPORATE IMAGE

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses a pressing problem of modern social psychology, psychology of image and other related sciences, which is the formation of corporate image. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the categories: “image” and “corporate image” as well as the main functions and types of image along with examining the main structure (image components) of corporate image. The author analyzes research on the formation of the corporate image and image as a whole as well as the main socio-psychological features and factors affecting the positive corporate image. Theoretical research demonstrates that the corporate image (the image of any enterprise, corporation, firm, etc.) is an image, representation, reflection of an organization that is created and corrected by various methods and arises in the consciousness of both the individual (consumer, staff, etc.), a group of people and society as a whole. Undoubtedly, the corporate image is the result of social perception, namely, the result of both the first and subsequent impressions about an object of social perception, established opinion and reputation. The corporate image is a set of image characteristics of a corporation, organization, company, which gives an idea of professional, social, and other activities.

Read More

CURRENT ISSUES OF PERSONNEL SECURITY: FROM THE GENESIS OF PROBLEMS TO THE TELESIS OF SOLUTIONS

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of economic and personnel security for modern organizations and enterprises is apparent: large businesses, enterprises of the trade and economic sector have long drawn attention to the need to ensure personnel security, the level of which determines the success of the functioning and development of enterprises. At the same time, state institutions, including the Ministry of Internal Affairs, often neglect this issue. The process of improving the efficiency of official activity is inextricably linked with the formation and development of professional and moral personality traits among employees as well as strengthening of discipline and legality in departments. The study assumes that the theoretical and methodological approaches in providing personnel security and personnel management applied in modern organizations can be used in the implementation of the personnel policy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in order to ensure the necessary level of personnel security. The purpose of this study is to justify the existence of problems that reduce the level of CB and have a natural character( genesis) based on the analysis of the current state and trends in the implementation of the personnel policy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; the objective is to formulate possible solutions to this problem that have a purposeful character (telesis); as a hypothesis, the study puts forward an assumption that the use of technologies for managing the behavior of employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs creates conditions for the self-development of personnel, increases the level of responsibility and provides the necessary level of personnel security; the scientific result of the study is the teleological nature of the proposed management methods.

Read More

RESEARCH OF CHARACTERISTICS OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The current article presents the results of a study of the characteristics of cognitive activity in primary school children. The relevance of the study, on the one hand, is determined by the specific nature of the age range under study as well as by the need to create conditions for the manifestation, development, and preservation of the uniqueness of the style characteristics of each student’s educational activity. A study of style characteristics conducted in Municipal Budgetary Educational Institution Educational Center (MBOU TsO) No. 4 located in the city of Tula, with a sample of 24 fourth grade students, allowed the authors of the study to examine the style characteristics of primary school children’s learning activities and develop recommendations for teachers and parents aimed at choosing the most optimal ways and strategies for interacting with them. The analysis of the diagnostic results confirmed the fact that each child has a unique and prevailing channel of perception of information and characteristics of cognitive activity, the awareness and consideration of which should help teachers and parents choose the most appropriate work technologies that largely determine the success of children’s educational activities in primary school.

Read More

PROBLEMS OF ENSURING PERSONAL PROFESSIONAL SAFETY OF THE ROAD PATROL SERVICE OFFICERS OF THE MAIN DIRECTORATE FOR TRAFFIC SAFETY IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the factors of psychological safety, which is examined as a condition for ensuring the personal professional safety of the road patrol service officers. Personal professional security of an employee of the internal affairs bodies is a system of legal, special, protective, tactical, pedagogical, and psychological measures that allow for ensuring the preservation of the life, physical and mental health of police officers, provided that a high level of professional actions is maintained. The psychological security of a person is manifested in its ability to maintain stability in an environment with certain parameters, including those with traumatic effects, resistance to destructive internal and external influences and is reflected in the experience of its security/insecurity in a specific life situation.

Read More