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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

CORRELATION OF BILINGUALISM PHENOMENON WITH DEGREE OF METACOGNITIVE PROCESSES FORMATION, IDENTITY SPECIFICS AND PERSONALITY STRUCTURE

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes the correlation analysis of the bilingualism phenomenon with the degree of metacognitive processes formation, the self-consciousness specifics and personality structure. The evaluation of metacognitive personal traits and behavior showed that the integral indicator of metacognitive behavior in bilinguals plays slightly less important role in comparison with monolinguals. Over the course of the assessment of bilinguals identity aspects, high indicators on the scale of «Collective orientation» and low indicators on the scale of «Personal orientation» were registered. Bilinguals of this group are characterized by such personal traits as high level of subordination, low normative behavior and self-control rates, greater behavioral expressiveness.

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THE ESSENCE OF CO-DEPENDENCY PHENOMENON IN THE REPRESENTATION OF DIFFERENT AUTHORS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is dedicated to the relevant problem of modern addictology, psychiatry and medical psychology – co-dependency. Different points of view of domestic and foreign authors over the course over the last 30 years were described, in the framework of which the conceptual construct of this area has been formed, determinants and course forms of co-dependent state have been classified, as well as the basic concepts and paradigms of the essence of the phenomenon. On the basis of the conducted theoretical analysis, the concept of co-dependency was defined as abnormality directly caused by the dysfunctional, traumatic upbringing. [13]. According to different theoretical and methodological areas of research, co-dependency is regarded as a behavioral, characteristic, psychodynamic or cognitive phenomenon. Most authors consider it to be due to a dysfunctional child-parent family or a long emotionally difficult relationship.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND MENTAL CONSEQUENCES OF COVID-19

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

COVID-19 pandemic swept the whole world in January 2020, and the first cases were registered in China in December 2019. Today, the world statistics states more than 437 million infected and more than 5.9 million dead. The coronavirus, however, is dangerous not only because of the severe course of the disease, but also because of its negative consequences for human health. Patients recovered from COVID-19 often face its dire impact affecting their mental, emotional, cognitive and vegetative state, which dramatically drops their life quality, slows the recovery process, as well as the return to their normal activities.

This article analyzes diseases and syndromes connected to psychological changes, which often occur in patients recovered from COVID-19, and their causes. Worldwide research of the coronavirus, its course and implications on human activity, was used for the work.

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ON HAMLET’SIDENTITY PREDICAMENTS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ETHICAL LITERARY CRITICISM

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The repeated delays in Hamlet’s revenge make him labeled as a melancholy philosopher, and the reason for his delay has long been explored, especially it has been held that the tragedy is due to the protagonist’s irresolute character. With the Ethical Litrary Criticism, a new literary critical approach, this article has made a new elaboration on the key plot of delay in the play. This paper argues that Hamlet’s procrastination stems from the different ethical identity predicaments when he is faced respectively with Claudius, Gertrude, and Ophelia. These predicaments imply the dilemmas of order, friendship, love and justice the playwright’s society suffered from, and such dilemmas and predicaments still exist even in the world nowadays. It is significant for us to eliminate them effectively. The process of Hamlet’s revenge is the process of getting rid of these social and ethical dilemmas and the process of building a new world. It is concluded that the ethical order is fundamental for the construction of order, friendship, love, and justice.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF CHILDREN’S CREATIVE ABILITIES: FAMILY STRUCTURE AND CHILD-PARENT RELATIONS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents a study of the creative abilities of younger schoolchildren, their connection with situations in families, and with how parents behave towards the child, and who they are to them. The study determines the relationship between family characteristics (a large difference in the age of the parents, the creative personality of the parents as a role model, increased attention to the abilities of the child, the child is the eldest of the children or the only one in the family, an incomplete family or the upbringing of the child by a guardian) with the manifestation of creative abilities in children. The creative abilities of younger schoolchildren are formed in difficult conditions, and a special role is played by the family, the degree of freedom, the breadth of its borders; the diversity of child-parent relations has a positive impact. The more stereotypes, certainty, and the absence of problematic situations, the more difficult it will be for children to develop creative abilities. Further research along this trajectory will be associated with the expansion of the analysis of the characteristics of families in connection with the creative abilities of children.

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THE STUDY OF ETHNIC IDENTITY AND VALUE ORIENTATIONS FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF THEIRPHENOMENALITY AND GENERATIONAL CONTINUITY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article raises the issues of the relevance of the study of ethnic identity as a condition for the preservation of national community; it indicates the insufficiency of a one-dimensional strategy for the study of the phenomenon and emphasizes the necessity of taking into account the size of the community in studying this topic. The author or the research centers on the generational mechanism of continuity of value orientations as a behavioral component of ethnic identity and presents the results of an empirical study of the value orientations of the young, parental, and ancestral generations. The study also notes the disorder of the continuity mechanism and the necessity of studying ethnic identity as a manifestation of collective memory and generational continuity.

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EMOTIONAL STATUS IN CANCER PATIENTS WITH PHANTOM LIMB PAIN

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Cancer is one of the reasons for amputation of limbs. In 47,5% of cases, amputation is accompanied by the development of phantom limb pain (PLP). The article presents the results of a study in the National Medical Research Centre of Oncology named after N.N. Petrov devoted to determining the role of the emotional status in cancer patients with PLP. 12 cancer patients after limb amputation were examined using Alexandrovich’s symptomatic questionnaire and The Pain Visual Analog Scale. The comprehensive PLP prevention program lasted for 3 months and included mirror therapy, visualization techniques, neuromuscular relaxation and transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). The comprehensive PLP preventive program was carried out for 7 days, 2 times a day. Transcranial electrical stimulation was performed daily, once a day.

Detection of connection between the emotional status and the severity of PLP symptoms was checked by correlation analysis. The connection between the severity of PLP symptoms and hypochondriacal reactions has been established, there are direct correlations between the severity of PLP symptoms and anxiety, tension and neurasthenia.

Three months later, the effectiveness of preventive measures was evaluated using a comparative analysis according to the Mann-Whitney criterion. The patients who completed the program were divided into two groups: patients with resumed and non-resumed PLP. According to the data of Alexandrovich’s symptomatic questionnaire, it was revealed that patients suffer more from somatic disorders, which is consistent with a difficult postoperative recovery period. The resumption of PLP 3 months after the surgery was noted much more often in patients whose structure of emotional state revealed fears and phobias. Thus, it can be assumed that the nature of the emotional status is reflected in the severity of phantom pains and phantom sensations in patients after limb amputation. According to the results of the study, we can talk about the need for preventive measures of phobias and psychological correction with patients’ fears to reduce the risk of recurrent PLP.

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PERSONNEL SECURITY:QUALIFYING DEFINITIONS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The complexity and ambiguity of the interpretation of the term “security”, when different sources define it both as the absence of danger and as protection from danger, has already led to the fact that many managers use technologies and techniques to ensure the personnel security of their enterprises while not fully understanding that the methods being implemented are, in fact, mutually exclusive and don’t affect management activities. A clear understanding of the specific definitions of the term “security” can contribute to an adequate choice of management technologies that increase the level of personnel security of an enterprise and, as a result, economic security as a whole. The purpose of this study is based on the analysis of modern definitions of the concept of “security”, to formulate trajectories for improving the level of personnel security, exclusively in light of qualifying definitions that define two independent trajectories: the absence of danger and protection from danger. The main objective of this study is to formulate a set of original (as well as well-known in socio-psychological and managerial sciences) trajectories for improving personnel security, taking into account an accurate understanding (at the moment) of the level of development of the enterprise’s personnel security management system: the state of protection from danger or the state of absence of danger. As a hypothesis, the study puts forward an assumption that a clear idea of the state of the enterprise at a particular time (absence of danger / protection from danger) and, as a consequence, the use of methods, technologies, techniques, and means of personnel management corresponding to this state will contribute to improving the level of personnel security.

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ON THE SPECIFIC NATURE OF ABUSIVE RELATIONSHIPS, THE CONSEQUENCES OF FEMALE VIOLENCE IN FAMILIES

Posted in 2022, Issue № 03(117) March 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Numerous modern studies show that the role of the abuser in modern families is increasingly played by women, while the fundamental difference, as a rule, is reduced to the use of methods other than “male” methods of harming, violence to the victim. For the entire period of the study, which lasted five years, 23 applications of men who are officially married (22-36 years old) were registered. The study introduces an original questionnaire and uses it as a diagnostic tool. The results of the study allow the authors to speak about the rather intense negative nature of the impact of emotional and psychological violence on the emotional sphere by men who are in official marital relations with their women. Emotional violence has a strong negative impact on the emotional sphere of married men in terms of such aspects as negative personal assessments, negative criticism of business qualities, constant demands for concessions, denigration of masculinity. In married men, the study identifies 28 connections between the frequency of emotional and psychological violence and their intensity of negative impact on the emotional sphere. Because of this, men who are in official marital relations are quite susceptible to the negative impact of these forms of violence on their emotional sphere.

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CONDUCTING TELEPHONE CONVERSATIONS AS A METHOD OF PRACTICAL COMMUNICATION IN THE PROCESS OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Posted in 2022, Issue № 03(117) March 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The reality of our existence is changing due to the emergence of various unforeseen situations (for example, the coronavirus pandemic, the appearance of omicron), with the development of the modern economy, modern society, the requirements for conducting work in these conditions are also undergoing various changes. One of the competencies of modern personnel is the ability to work remotely, therefore the skills for the effective use of various technical means of communication are becoming more relevant. The variety of these tools is becoming so great that the main thing is to be able to choose the most appropriate one, since excessive communication on work issues can lead to a decrease in labor productivity. In this regard, the article features a mini-study that examines the possibility of using such an old and proven method of communication as telephone (mobile) communication in modern organizations.The article discusses the importance of using electronic devices in a modern organization, shows the necessity of following the rules of telephone etiquette, and provides practical recommendations to improve the efficiency of using the phone as a management tool.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL RATIONALITY IN FIRST- AND FIFTH-YEAR STUDENTS STUDYING PSYCHOLOGY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 03(117) March 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The current study presents the results of the study of psychological reasonableness and analyzes its connection with the chosen coping mechanisms among psychology students. Compared to the first-year students, the author identifies a significant increase in all components of psychological rationality in the fifth-year students (interest in the sphere of subjective experiences, their subjective accessibility for understanding and analysis, desire and readiness, the idea of the usefulness of discussing one’s own experiences with other people, openness to change). In addition, the frequency of using a constructive coping strategy aimed at solving the problem is significantly higher among fifth-year students. That is, a change in the psychological reasonableness in the fifth-year psychology students changes coping strategies towards increasing the constructive types of coping.

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AN INVESTIGATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF INDIVIDUAL AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEUROTIC DISORDERS IN TEACHERS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES

Posted in 2022, Issue № 03(117) March 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the influence of individual and personal characteristics on the development of neurotic disorders in teachers of educational organizations and students of pedagogical universities To conduct this study, the authors use a clinical and biographical method of diagnosing neurotic disorders, in which the symptoms were studied in the broad context of the physical, psychological and social functioning of an individual and their family. The results of the study showed that neurotic disorders affect not only teachers but also students, which is due to the influence of professional activity and the specifics of educational organizations themselves, as well as individual and personal characteristics of each person. In addition, it was found that interpersonal relationships also play an important role in the development of neurotic diseases, which were most pronounced in the families of teachers and students with authoritarian and permissive leadership, where family relationships are based on the principles of subordination and coercion, or permissiveness.

Using the clinical and biographical method, the study determines that different types of temperament can also influence the development of neurotic personality disorders.

By using the methods of SAN (well-being, activity, mood) and Lsia, the authors investigated the psychological state of teachers and students and noted that the percentage of positive mental states is higher in conditionally healthy teachers and students compared with those who suffer from neurotic diseases.

The emotional and psychological state of teachers and students was studied using the method of reproductive imagination and metaphorical comparison, which showed that neurotic disorders associated with a violation of the emotional sphere in students are practically absent in comparison with teachers. The manifestation of mood swings among teachers, as a rule, was associated with a personal perception of professional activity, their own experiences and personal characteristics.

It was also found that pronounced manifestations of character accentuation, both among teachers and students, can be a negative background and a risk factor for the development of somatoform disorders.

In conclusion, it is worth noting that different people who are in the same social conditions may react differently to traumatic circumstances. Therefore, a psychologist should consider each specific personality not only in the system of social relations but also take into account its biological, hereditary and constitutional-individual properties.

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MOTIVATION OF DESTRUCTIVE COMMUNICATIVE BEHAVIOR OF TEENAGERS ON SOCIAL MEDIA

Posted in 2022, Issue № 02(116) February 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of an empirical study of the motivation features of destructive communicative behavior of adolescents on social media and determines the motives and attitudes of destructive communicative behavior of adolescents in such environments. The author establishes that adolescents demonstrating destructive communicative behavior on the internet differ from adolescents with normative communicative behavior related to Internet socialization; adolescents with normative communicative behavior have dominant motives for staying on the Internet are the motive of contribution, the motive of designated presence, while the adolescents with destructive communicative behavior are dominated by the motive of embodiment in a role, replication, personal space; adolescents demonstrating destructive communicative behavior on the Internet also have a pronounced negative communicative attitude.

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Posted in 2022, Issue № 02(116) February 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article attempts to assess the possible socio-psychological consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on society as a whole and its individual members. Socio-psychological consequences are examined as expected, planned or unexpected, spontaneously arising, unforeseen results of transformations that affect the social relations of groups, communities, and individuals. The inability to find answers to key questions related to the pandemic has led to widespread localization of infection, disasters, both material and human, cyclical, recurrent infection and the absence of any guarantees of a recurrence of the epidemic. The pandemic is seen as a serious test for the entire world community, modern scientists express significant concern about the consequences associated with the impact of the pandemic on the state of mind and well-being of individuals and society as a whole. This implies an increase in anxiety, panic attacks, suicide attempts, emotional dysregulation, communication disorders, increased family crisis, etc.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE AGGRESSIVENESS IN SCHOOLCHILDREN AND THE LEVEL OF TRAIT ANXIETY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 02(116) February 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article conducts a detailed assessment of the relationship between various forms of aggressiveness of schoolchildren represented by five types of aggression (physical, irritation, verbal, indirect, integral) and the level of trait anxiety (school, self-esteem, interpersonal, magical, integral). The results obtained are a wake-up call for both the education system and society as a whole. Timely and qualitative diagnostics of not only aggressiveness but also trait anxiety of students will allow for applying adequate preventive and corrective measures to reduce the risk of undesirable tendencies in the development of their personality and eliminate the risk of acts of aggression.

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METHODS AND TOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGY IN TODAY’S SOCIETY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 02(116) February 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The current article presents the basic methodology of psychology, demonstrates the current significance of the study, since the search for a solution that could bring together the concepts of psychology as a science is promising. The author analyze scientific literature and conclude that the methodology of psychology should have three components: cognitive, commutative, and the methodology of psychological practice. The article also defines a methodology that provides a classification of practices. Therefore, this scheme allows for further research in this area. This methodology is based on a historical foundation, is free from ideology, is equal to both theoretical knowledge of psychological and practical.

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COMMUNICATIVE TOLERANCE OF STUDENTS AS A SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to theoretically and experimentally investigate the communicative tolerance of university students as a socio-psychological characteristic. The article analyzes the theoretical provisions on the definition of the concept of “communicative tolerance”, clarifies the mechanism of its occurrence, characterizes the communicative tolerance of the individual as a socio-psychological component. The study was conducted at theSholem Aleichem Amur State University, the representative sample consisted of 120 students studying in various educational fields. The author determines the level of communicative tolerance, and the indicators that determine it with the help of V.V Boyko’s “Kommunikativnaya tolerantnost” (Communicative tolerance) methodology. Based on the conducted research, the study finds that the university students have medium and high levels of communicative tolerance; the conducted analysis of its criteria identifies medium and low levels, which characterize the socio-psychological side of the personality of students.

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SOME ASPECTS OF THE IMPACT OF THE PANDEMIC ON THE PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT AMONG THE TEACHERS OF HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Having analyzed domestic and foreign research, the article identifies several aspects of the impact of the pandemic on the burnout of teachers. Informational and emotional stress in the work of teachers leads to the deformation in the conduct of research activities, causes difficulties in the teaching activity, deterioration of the quality of teaching, loss of interest in this type of activity, manifestation of negative emotions, loss of communication skills, and the absence of the desire to engage in their direct professional duties. The article emphasizes that during this period the greatest amount of emotional energy is spent during the transition to work in electronic information and educational systems, which leads to emotional and professional burnout in the work of teachers in higher educational institutions.

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SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE OF LONELINESS BY WOMEN WITH DIFFERENT MARITAL STATUS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a comparative study of the characteristics of the subjective experience of loneliness by women of four groups: those in an official marriage, those in unregistered marital relations, those in divorce, and those unmarried. The authors substantiate the relevance of studying the experience of subjective loneliness by women with different marital and parental status. The results of the study were obtained by means of questionnaire methods, psychological testing (the method of studying the subjective sensation of loneliness by D. Russell and M. Ferguson, the differential questionnaire of loneliness experience by E.N. Osin and D.A. Leontiev) and justified by the use of statistical procedures. In each of the groups, the study identified and analyzed the specificity of the subjective experience of loneliness empirically establishing that unmarried women have a pronounced need for communication as protection from loneliness; married women tend to value privacy; women who are in a “civil marriage” tend to increase the level of subjective loneliness, they often feel alienation in close relationships; women who are divorced have a more pronounced negative attitude towards loneliness, even in situations when they do not experience it acutely. Women who do not have children are more likely to form an image of themselves as a lonely person. The results obtained expand the field of scientific ideas about the factors of psychological well-being of women and indicate the crucial role of traditional family relations in its provision.

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ORGANIZATIONAL LEADERSHIP OR ORGANIZATION LEADER

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of leadership in the organization. Leadership is also examined as a type of managerial interaction based on the most effective combination of various sources of power and aimed at encouraging people to achieve common goals. Leadership, on the one hand, arises in the system of informal relations; on the other hand, it acts as a means of organizing this type of relationship and managing it. Leadership provides a real opportunity to optimize the management of a department, making up for any shortcomings of the formal superior bodies. The author pays special attention to the theories and concepts of leadership, the comparison of leadership and formal superiors. The article concludes on the conceptual approaches to leadership in an organization.

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