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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

PARENT-CHILD CLUB AS A CONDITION FOR OVERCOMING THE PROBLEMS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION OF CHILDREN IN FOSTER CARE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the study is to examine the problems of psychological adaptation of biological children in foster care and the possible contribution of parent-child clubs in overcoming them. Families who have adopted a child with disabilities receive particular attention. The study involved 54 teenagers and 47 parents. The study used two diagnostic programs: the programs for foster families (parents), and the programs for biological adolescents. In close to half of the studied cases, the research illustrates the emotional discomfort that characterizes the emotional status of children and parents in the surveyed families that raise children with disabilities. Raising children with disabilities in foster homes requires special training for parents and biological children as well as the search for new types of work. For this category of families, the study introduces the program of parent-child clubs as not only psychological and pedagogical but also cultural and educational, which is implemented through masterclasses, interactive seminars, competitive programs, classes with elements of training, art therapy, developmental walks, etc. The innovative nature of the club’s program is associated not only with psychological and pedagogical support, but also with the formation of relationships by means of culture, local ethnography studies, and history for family leisure. The results of the study are the basis for determining the targets of psychological and pedagogical assistance to foster families, providing targeted assistance to families, and improving their educational potential. The applied aspect of the research can be implemented in the design of programs for psychological and pedagogical support of foster families.

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SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTATION AND SELF-ATTITUDE OF ADOLESCENTS WITH SCOLIOSIS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The problem of the musculoskeletal system disorders in adolescents has become more and more prevalent in recent years: the decrease in motor activity, poor nutrition, and low bodyweight have led to the number of children with such disorders reaching 70%. Medical, social, and personal factors can lead to the disruption in adaptation in children with scoliosis including difficulties interacting with society, isolation, rejection of appearance, decreased self-esteem, and deterioration of self-attitude. The study of socio-psychological adaptation, self-attitude and personal characteristics of adolescents suffering from scoliosis will make it possible to develop recommendations for psychocorrection, which will increase the effectiveness of treatment and correct the direction of development and socialization of these children.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATIONAL BURNOUT AMONG PROGRAMMERS WITH DIFFERENT AXIOLOGICAL ATTITUDES TO PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article studies occupational burnout in programmers with different types of axiological attitude towards professional activity. The study describes the structure and content of components of various types of axiological attitude of programmers to professional activity. The authors present the differences in the expression of personal traits in programmers with a particular type of attitude to professional activity. The article establishes that the relationship between personal characteristics and occupational burnout in programmers is differentiated depending on the type of axiological attitude to professional activity.

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ARBITRARY SELF-REGULATION OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATES OF METALLURGISTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF ACTIVITY

Posted in 2014, Issue December 2014, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

In the article the results of experimental research are considered in relation to the correction of the functional states of metallurgists in the conditions of production activity. Developed to recommendation on optimization of capacity of specialists.

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PERSONAL ADAPTIVE POTENTIAL AS A CONDITION FOR INTERCULTURAL ADAPTATION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the problem of personal adaptive potential as a condition for cross-cultural adaptation of foreign students to the educational space of the university. A statistically based study is presented. The main purpose is to study the level of formation of behavioral regulation, communication potential, moral normativity, and personal adaptive potential of foreign students in the first and fourth years of study. It was found that there are differences in such indicators as “behavioral regulation” and “communication potential” at a reliable level (p≤0.05). Such indicators as “moral normativity” and “personal adaptive potential” do not differ in the studied samples.

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STUDY OF IDENTITY OF EDUCATORS WITH DIFFERENT SELF-ASSESSMENT OF RELIGIOSITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The most important thing in the professional activity of preschool educators as representatives of the teaching profession is transmitting the values of society with its multitude of cultures to the younger generation, regardless of their belonging to a particular social group and religiosity. The aim of the study is to consider the categories of identity of educators with different assessments of their religiosity, which is necessary to understand the resource of their personal and professional development.

The study revealed more pronounced differences in the categories of personal identity, their variability and desirability in a group of educators with a high self-esteem of religiosity. Educators, whose religiosity has only some meaning in their lives, declared the importance of general categories of identity.

Practical application of the paper consists in the possibility of taking into account the ideas of the educators’ own identity through the prism of their assessments of religiosity, influencing the understanding of differences in approaches to raising children, which may have their own characteristics. However, this does not mean opposing the views of the carriers to the process of pedagogical professional activity, as differences in group, professional identity were not identified.

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FEATURES OF MENTAL STATES OF EDUCATORS IN PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper presents the identification of typical mental states of educators, discovered during their professional activities. Three groups of mental states have been established: a) operational, conditioned by pedagogical situations, acts of social and interpersonal interaction; b) current, determining the nature of the performance of professional activities; c) long-term, thanks to which an individual style of the teacher’s activity is formed, professionally important qualities, etc. The actualization of adequate motivational, practical, intellectual, and positive emotional, mental states of the teacher optimizes the development and training of the preschooler. Knowledge and timely self-regulation of mental states by educators will reduce the risk of professional burnout, stimulate mental activity and physical activity of pupils.

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ECONOMIC IDENTITY IN THE CONTEX OF AN IDENTITY CRISIS OF THE EARLY YOUTHFUL AGE

Posted in 2014, Issue November 2014, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the theoretical analysis of the formation of identity against the backdrop of the economic crisis of identity in early adolescence. The article considers the main structural components of the economic identity.

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THE PROBLEM OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION FORMING UNDER TRANSITIVE CONDITIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper looks into the problem of self-actualization in the context of modern transitivity. The essence and the origin of the given phenomenon are highlighted. The article presents the positive and negative aspects of youth, which determine whether the self-actualization of the adult is constructive or destructive. The article outlines the possible practical solutions to the problem, which can be brought to life through the resources of the professional-educational environment, and which are aimed at coping with the topical problems and challenges of the youth.

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THE MOTHER’S PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE AND ITS IMPACT ON THE CHILD’S CONDITION IN FAMILIES RAISING CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article looks into the special aspects of the emotional state of mothers raising children having infantile cerebral palsy. The study findings suggest that depressive experiences of varying intensity from mild to severe occur among about half of the number of mothers. They develop due to the sense of dependence and lack of social support, which, if available, is a factor preventing the development of depression syndrome. Mother’s emotional state affects the child’s condition, their attitude to the illness and evaluating the prospects. Mother emphasising flaws and difficulties related to the disease leads to child fixating on the flaw, forming a symbiosis with the mother and getting a sense of isolation, while the mother repressing the thoughts about the flaw is combined with a decrease in the child’s fixation on their disease and with a positive evaluating of their prospects.

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GENDER IDENTITY AND THE SUBSTITUTE MOTHER – FOSTER CHILD INTERACTION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the research is to study gender identity in the context of parent-child interaction. Research objectives: to determine the gender-specific character of socially perceptive reflection of images of foster boys and girls in the minds of their substitute mothers, to determine differences in the indicators of parental interaction. Research methods: a theoretical review of scientific literature, empirical methods: “SOCH(I) – the structure of the human image (hierarchic)” (V.L. Sitnikov), “VRR – parent-child interaction” (I.M. Markovskaya). Practical applicability: the results obtained will be useful in the implementation of educational, preventative, diagnostic, and consulting activities of social and psychological service specialists.

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ON THE METHOD OF THE UNCONSCIOUS IN ARTWORK

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers a comprehensive approach to the study of artwork, which takes into account objective factors, such as events in the composer’s life and their impact on the person’s interior life. The unconscious imagery is considered as specific, characteristics of the composer’s style, manifesting over a long period. The authors, basing on the semiotic approach, suggest distinguishing three plans for the analysis of musical texts, in which the methodology of a comprehensive study allows to get data close to the composer’s artistic design. The article presents the results of practice-oriented research, which involved 26 performing musicians of different ages, having different experiences in performing. Results of the research allow concluding that the developed research trend having potential.

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CHARACTERISING THE SUCCESS-ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The topicality of the researched problem is based upon the interest that causes the phenomenon of success-achievement motivation in psychological science, as well as the social significance of international specialist training programs.

The purpose of the article is to present the findings of the study on success-achievement motivation of students participating in international programs, of the statistical and qualitative analysis of the results obtained.

The leading method of researching the problem is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the empirical study results, which is based on the meaningful paradigm for studying success-achievement motivation, involving the identification of the conglomerate and the interaction of components that determine human behaviour. This allows the identification of trends in the level of success-achievement motivation in the exposure group, as well as the notable characteristics of motivational processes and specific characteristics of the behaviour characteristic of students participating in international programs.

We obtained the evidence that students participating in international programs usually have a high level of success-achievement motivation, and the motive of acquiring knowledge occupies the leading position.

The materials of the article can be used for conducting a competitive selection of students participating in international programs; the article can also be the basis for further research.

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PERFORMANCE CAPABILITIES OF THE PROJECT-BASED LEARNING FOR PREVENTING THE CRISIS OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the issue of the crisis of professional identity in modern society, which is topical for both people already included in the labour activity, and undergraduates just learning the occupational role. So, the article highlights the necessity for timely prevention of the negative consequences of this crisis from the very start of professional training. As one of the directions of preventative work, the author considers the possibilities of using the “project-based learning” technology with students in the study of basic disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle. The article reveals the features of implementing each stage of the technology from the standpoint of developing the professional identity.

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INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT TRAINING AS THE TECHNOLOGY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PSYCHOEMOTIONAL STATE OF STUDENTS DURING STUDYING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article justifies the topicality of creating an interactive psychoemotional atmosphere of higher education establishments’ academic activities. To solve this problem, we suggest an experimentally-grounded method, including the students mastering techniques of regulating their psychoemotional state, developing the ability to address danger situation, ambiguity and fragility in the educational process, developing the ability to manage the psychoemotional state in an interactive educational environment, and developing self-organization competences in simulated and real professional activities. A qualitative analysis of the results through the SAN questionnaire (state of health, activity, and mood), assessing the students’ assignments completed and neutral experts’ opinions demonstrated the high efficiency of the method.

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THE RESEARCH OF THE DYNAMICS OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF THE FIRST-YEAR AND SECOND-YEAR STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING IN THE PROCESS OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL FORMATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article provides a brief theoretical analysis of the concept of “aggression” and its types. Moreover, it shows the results of the research on the dynamics of aggressive behavior of the first-year and second-year students of pedagogical training. The purpose of the research is to study the dynamics of aggressive behavior of students of pedagogical universities, offer effective ways to solve this problem, as well as to increase the psychological and pedagogical competence of the students in the dealing with their mental health issues while also helping them to form the necessary practical self-control skills. The necessity of regular and targeted work on the issue of regulating the mental state of future teachers is revealed. This work is to be aimed at the preserving and strengthening the health of the younger generation in an integrated educational network of the university. One of the key tasks of the university is to organize psychological support for the students in the process of their professional development, as well as to help them with their problems in order to improve the effectiveness of educational activities based on the adaptive capabilities of the individual. The ways of interacting: discussions, thematic conversations, analysis of challenging situations, trainings on the dealing with mental state issues. The obtained results of theoretical and empirical research have shown the usefulness of using a comprehensive approach in the study of aggressive behavior, identifying psychological and pedagogical features of destructive behavior of the students at different stages of their professional development. It can help with the scientific search of psychological and pedagogical technologies for overcoming and preventing aggressive behavior in general.

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METHODS OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL STATISTICAL ANALYSIS IN THE STUDY OF CAUSES OF PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT OF CREATIVE WORKERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the methodology for determining significant causes of professional burnout based on the use of multivariate statistical analysis (principal component analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis). Professional burnout is a multidimensional phenomenon with many formation factors. Some of them are related to working conditions, the others – to personal characteristics or external circumstances that are not directly linked to professional activity. The presented method is relevant because it gives the possibility to identify the most significant factors in the primary set, as well as to determine the strength and direction of their impact, and the sufficiency of the initially selected factors of the professional burnout.

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PSYCHOTECHNICS USED IN THE PREPARATION FOR A FIGHT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes psychotechnics that can be used in preparation for a fight since adolescence. Self-preparation for a fight includes three main techniques aimed at developing stress resistance, which include the imitation method, the method of static auto-training, and the method of dynamic auto-training. The techniques used in martial arts combine self-programming, meditation, and self-hypnosis. Along with systematic physical training aimed at developing motor skills and action stereotypes necessary in extreme life-threatening situations, the mental sphere also requires careful preparation, including self-programming of consciousness, synchronization of motor, sensory stereotypes, and mental experience.

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AXIOLOGICAL VALUES OF A PERSON AND COPING BEHAVIOR OF PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOLISM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The concept of the axiological values of a person is analyzed. The results of an empirical study of the axiological values of a person and coping behavior of patients with alcoholism are presented. The greater importance of financially secure, productive life, as well as entertainment, the happiness of others, self-confidence with lesser importance of the values of active, strenuous life, health, development, and freedom; greater importance of the values of accuracy, demanding character, rationalism, courage in asserting one’s opinion and views, tolerance with the lesser importance of the values of self-control, the firm will, honesty; the indicators of life goals are lower, as well as the process of life, the locus of self-control, the locus of life-control, and the general indicator of meaningfulness of life were detected in the group of patients with alcoholism, in comparison with the control group. Significant differences in the coping behavior of patients with alcoholism and the subjects of the control group were identified with the help of the “problem solving” and “problem avoidance” strategies.

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ROLE OF FAMILY RELATIONS IN THE FORMATION OF DENTAL HEALTH AMONG TEENAGERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the results of the study of the correlation between the level of dental literacy of parents and family relationships, and their influence on the dental health of adolescents aged 14-16. The authors rely on the bio-psychosocial model of the disease, where parental relationships are regarded as a social and psychological factor that can determine the intensity of caries and the unsatisfactory level of oral health. Within the framework of the study, we tested a dental literacy questionnaire developed by the authors.

It was revealed that children with a low level of dental literacy typically have authoritarian parents, who are less likely to encourage their independence or support them, are more demanding, and have a less adequate image of a child. Therefore, children that belong to this category are less content with their relationships with their parents.

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