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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL PREVENTION OF DEVIANT BEHAVIORS AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the influence of mass media on the formation of deviant behaviors among young people, as well as the use of its features in socio-psychological prevention. The authors analyze the indicators of the severity of various forms of addictions, dispositions of violent extremism, and characteristics of the authoritarian potential of personality among respondents who indicate the degree of usefulness of information received from mass media, as well as the most preferred television programs. As a result, significant differences were revealed in some types of addictions and dispositions of violent extremism, taking into account the respondents’ television preferences.

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THE ROLE OF THE FATHER FIGURE IN THE FORMATION OF AGGRESSIVE AND DEVIANT FORMS OF PERSONALITY BEHAVIOR IN A TRADITIONALLY PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the father figure as a factor influencing the formation of deviant behavior. The author attempts to examine certain aspects of the formation of child deviation. The aim of the study was to explore the influence of the father figure and types of family education on the formation of the authoritarian potential of the child’s personality and other socio-psychological deviations in a patriarchal society. The study involved 52 families (parents and their children), the average age of parents was 43 years, the average age of children was 15 years. In total, the study involved 104 people. The results of the experimental study indicate that children who are brought up in conditions of insufficient care and attention from the father, as well as in families that allow permissiveness, are more susceptible to the formation of certain forms of deviations.

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ON THE READINESS OF PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS TO STUDY IN A DIGITAL EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the issues of studying individual components of student readiness to studying in a digital educational environment. The author examines the theoretical foundations of the definition of such concepts as digital educational environment, educational environment, distance learning, readiness to learn in a distance format. The case study section provides an analysis of the results of the study of motivational, informational and psychological readiness of psychology students to study in a digital educational environment using distance learning as an example. Also, the article features an analysis of the results of the study of psychology students from the first to the fourth year of study, as well as describes the features of the formation of motivational, informational and psychological readiness during each year and a comparison of different periods of the learning process.

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AN ANALYSIS OF PREDICATE FACTORS OF COMPLIANCE AMONG HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Societal acceptance of HIV-infected individuals regardless of their age is an important and urgent problem in today’s society. Adherence of patients with HIV infection to regular medical monitoring and treatment is a key factor in controlling the disease. However, compliance is influenced by many factors. The large-scale success of universal treatment strategies requires a more complete understanding of the known obstacles to early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). This article aims to create a more complete understanding of the relationship between the three obstacles to the initiation of ART: stigmatization associated with HIV infection, the severity of anxiety and depression.

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PROJECTIONS OF INTUITIVENESS IN THE POTENTIAL VALUES OF SUICIDAL DEPENDENCE OF THE PERSONALITY IN THE INHABITANTS OF THE NORTH

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Intuitiveness is a psychological property of an individual, which determines the possibilities of using intuition in regulatory processes at the subconscious level, significantly affects their impulsive, emotionally intensified actions. The current study investigates the influence of psychological parameters of intuitiveness on suicidal risks and actions of residents of the northern regions of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra (KhMAO-Yugra) of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (YaNAO). The phenomenon of suicide is closely related to actions in states of altered consciousness, which connects it with the influence of the mechanisms of intuitiveness. Having analyzed this problem for an extensive period of time, the authors of the article determine the uniqueness of the psychological makeup of the regulatory mechanisms of the residents of these regions. A significant role in the manifestation of this peculiarity is played by various factors of residence in these territories ranging from natural, climatic, heliomagnetic, as well as socio-economic, cultural, and historical. Of particular interest to the study are the data concerning the inhabitants of the indigenous small-numbered peoples of the North, in the psychotype of which suicidality occupies a particular place.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEMS OF INTEGRATING BILINGUAL CHILDREN INTO EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the psychological and pedagogical problems of integrating bilingual children into an educational environment. The authors cite the results of a survey of teaching staff of educational institutions in three subjects of the Russian Federation carried out as part of a research based on the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of Russia. The article features an analysis of generalized groups and individual difficulties in the process of integration of bilingual children into the educational environment of the Chechen Republic, the Republic of Buryatia and Moscow Oblast. The practical potential of using the material is associated with the development of methodological support for the organization of psychological and pedagogical support of bilingual children in the process of their integration into educational environment.

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TARGET AND REAL AUDIENCE OF EDUCATIONAL EVENTS AIMED AT THE PREVENTION OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The current article discusses the problem of deviant adolescents in three aspects: the identification of determining factors, the study of personality traits, and the formation of measures to prevent deviations. One of the ways to prevent deviant behavior in adolescents is educational activities. The paper presents the results of a survey of schoolchildren attending a science festival. It is established that their educational motivation, attitude to study, and interaction with peers are within the norm. The presence of interests and hobbies has a high indicator, while the relationship with parents and sociability is low. The authors conclude that visitors to educational events are at risk for deviant behavior.

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ILLNESS AS A FACTOR IN THE FORMATION OF POST-TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCES IN CANCER PATIENTS AND THEIR SPOUSES

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This article presents the results of a study of the features of post-traumatic experiences of patients with cancer and their spouses. The authors determine that this type of patients and their spouses show more pronounced manifestations of post-traumatic experiences than subjects without somatic diseases. Harmonic, ergopathic and paranoid types are the most common within the structure of the attitude to the disease. Statistically significant differences were found on the scales of “Depression” and “Hypomania” indicating an active perception of life, but at the same time, a tendency to anxiety in couples facing cancer. These results can serve as a support for the construction of correctional and preventive measures and supportive psychotherapeutic work with the families of patients.

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SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING OF A TEACHER AS A CONDITION FOR THE QUALITY OF EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PROBLEM OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of an analysis of various sources such as scientific articles, statistical reports, publications on the Internet, which address the problem of the quality of education and the subjective well-being of teachers. Among the conditions causing subjective distress of teachers, the author notes the growth of non-core extracurricular workload associated with all kinds of paperwork, stress, emotional (professional) burnout, insufficient wages. The article concludes that the strategy of sustainable development that assumes high-quality education cannot be fully implemented if the state does not solve the problem of subjective well–being of the teacher as one of the key elements of the education system.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF READINESS IN ADOLESCENTS FOR PARTICIPATING IN A SCHOOL MEDIATION SERVICE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the experience of working with adolescent volunteers on the formation of their readiness to participate in a school mediation service. Based on the analysis of the Russian research studies in this area, the authors identify and determine the components of readiness as well as select diagnostic tools for evaluating each component. To study the formation of the motivational component, the authors use an original questionnaire “Why Do I Want to be a Mediator?”; for the orientation component – a methodology for assessing the communicative and organizational inclinations (kos-1, V.A. Sinyavsky, B.A. Fedorishin) and V. V. Boyko’s methodology for diagnosing the level of empathic abilities; for the operational component – K. Thomas’ technique of “Diagnosis of personality predisposition to conflict behavior” (adapted by N.V. Grishina) and V. F. Ryakhovsky’s “Self-Assessment of Conflict” test; for the volitional component – M. Snyder’s methodology “Assessment of self-control in communication”.

The results of the diagnostics show that the components of readiness in adolescents are not sufficiently developed for working in a school mediation service.

At the level of the motivational component, the authors consider it important to form an interest in resolving conflict situations; for the operational component it is the ability to choose the most constructive, appropriate way of responding, resolving, and getting out of the situation; for the orientation component, it is the development of communication and organizational qualities, empathy as professionally important qualities of a mediator; for the volitional component — the development of self-control in communication, the ability to restrain the individual’s own negative emotions, impulsivity, which are characteristic of adolescents and not acceptable in the work of a mediator. To assess the effectiveness of the implementation of the formative program and to assess the differences in indicators for each component of readiness, the authors use a statistical analysis based on the Mann-Whitney U test. The authors also identify statistically significant differences in almost all methods, which allows them to make conclusions on the effectiveness of the developed program.

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TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENT PERSONALITY AS ONE OF THE CONDITIONS IN BULLYING PREVENTION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a study of the socio-psychological characteristics of the personality of adolescents, which made it possible to develop a program for the prevention of bullying in an educational organization. The socio-psychological characteristics of the personality of adolescents influence their behavior in school bullying, determine the nature of the emotional response in critical bullying situations. The study conducted on the basis of one of the education centers located in the city of Tula involving 28 children, was initiated by parents and a class teacher who noted problematic situations among the students. Bullying primarily affects children with high rates of various types of anxiety and self-aggression, low levels of aggression. The developed program consists of three blocks. The classes of the first block (for potential victims) are aimed at relieving the anxiety state of group members, developing the communicative abilities of participants, helping to normalize self-esteem, increasing self-confidence, social status in the team, forming a sense of self-worth and uniqueness, forming the ability to introspect, removing internal conflicts, anxiety, developing the communicative abilities of participants. Classes of the second block (for potential initiators) involve the development of empathy, tolerance, reduction of aggressiveness, hostility, skills of effective interaction, acceptance of others. The block of joint classes is aimed at familiarizing the group members with the concept of “bullying”, creating a favorable psychological climate, establish peacefulness between the group members, developing and improving the ability to understand their own emotional world, the ability to empathize with others, optimizing the emotional criterion of psychological climate, group cohesion, improving the interaction between children, reducing aggressiveness, uncontrolled feelings of anger, reducing conflict in the group, forming a sense of self-worth and uniqueness, forming adequate self-esteem, self-reflection, awareness of their personal qualities, feelings, and experiences.

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EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF TEACHERS OF URBAN AND RURAL SCHOOLS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE VOLGOGRAD REGION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the features of the emotional intelligence of teachers of urban and rural schools, presents the results of a study conducted on the basis of the emotional intelligence model of D.V. Lyusin, and also compares these two groups of teachers.

The study showed that most teachers have emotional intelligence at an average level, but at the same time the skills of understanding their own emotions and managing them are better developed. The article suggests possible conclusions that can be drawn based on the data obtained.

Despite the differences in the social life of teachers of rural and urban schools, mathematical and statistical analysis showed that the overall level of emotional intelligence and its individual components, these two groups do not differ.

The results of this study can be used in the course of group socio-psychological work with teachers, in order to increase their general and interpersonal emotional intelligence.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF FORMATION OF THINKING AND THE PROPENSITY TO RISK IN SCHOOLCHILDREN

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The aim of the study was to identify the features and interrelation of the level of development of the components of thinking and risk propensity in primary school children and adolescents.

The study involved 24 schoolchildren of primary school age (9 and 10 years old) and 21 teenage schoolchildren (13 and 14 years old) who were studying at the sanatorium boarding school No.133 in Novosibirsk.

The design of the study included a psychodiagnostic component (the children’s version of the Wechsler test, “Exclusion of Concepts”, “Simple Analogies”, the “Risk Readiness” test). The research confirms the hypothesis that there is a reliable connection between the components of thinking and risk propensity.

Also, the authors find a reliable direct correlation between the propensity to risk, the ability to exclude concepts and simple generalization in younger schoolchildren. Based on these connections, it can be suggested that the advanced development of abstract-logical thinking and the categorical generalization ability in primary school-age children may cause an increased propensity to risk.

The development of the ability to generalize, as well as abstract thinking with an insufficient level of development of other components of thinking, can become a predicate of risk-prone behavior.

This may be due to the fact that the development of these structures allows the student to take risks more deliberately, which probably reduces the fear of risking and, accordingly, increases the frequency of such behavior.

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YOUNG FAMILY: FEATURES OF ROLE EXPECTATIONS AND ASPIRATIONS OF SPOUSES

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the results of an empirical study of such psychological characteristics of a young family as the role expectations and role aspirations of spouses, the degree of role adequacy of each of them, the system of life orientations and the degree of their satisfaction with marriage. The research finds that in young families where both spouses are satisfied with the marriage, the overall level of life orientations of husbands is higher than that of wives. The most meaningful aspect of the life-purpose orientations of both wives and husbands in young families are goals.

Role adequacy is higher in young husbands than in wives, because they expect the wife to fulfill role responsibilities more similarly in accordance with their aspirations. Wives have high expectations from their husbands in the distribution of roles in the family, which is at odds with their aspirations.

The main discrepancy is the fact that young wives expect their partner to perform the function of a family therapist in the family, while husbands are not ready to fully exercise this role due to orientation to other values, meanings and role aspirations.

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THE SPECIFICS OF NATIONAL-REGIONAL BILINGUALISM

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the integration of bilingual children into a modern school in the conditions of an active migration process in Russia. The study analyzes various variants of the interpretation of the concept of bilingualism and examines the trends of human social development in a bilingual environment. The authors cite the results of a survey on the prevalence of bilingualism in the educational environment of four federal subjects of the Russian Federation carried out as part of research work assigned by the Ministry of Education of Russia. The study also presents an analysis of the specifics of national-regional bilingualism in the Chechen Republic and Moscow Oblast. The practical potential of using the material is associated with the development of methodological support for the organization of psychological and pedagogical support for families with bilingual children.

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STRESS RESISTANCE AND COPING BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS WITH CHRONIC GASTRODUODENITIS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

In Russia, diseases of the digestive organs occupy the main place in the structure of the physical pathology in childhood. Psychological prerequisites for the occurrence of gastroenterological diseases are most often prolonged overstrain, a state of anxiety or fear, a reduced level of stress resistance, not fully developed mental defenses and unconstructive strategies for coping with stress. The study determines that adolescents with chronic gastroduodenitis are characterized by low stress resistance, in stressful situations, they tend to displace negative experiences by removing their causes from consciousness, they are characterized by postponing problem-solving, lack of self-control and control over their behavior, they do not plan their actions and have a narrow range of possible behaviors.

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ANXIETY AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL PHENOMENON: INTERPRETATION OF THE TERM, FEATURES OF MANIFESTATION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses issues related to anxiety as a psychological phenomenon. The author raises the problem of semantic uncertainty of the concept of “anxiety” and difficulties in conducting empirical research caused by the ambiguity of the terms used; the study also justifies the need to clarify the terminological apparatus in the study of psychological phenomena associated with anxiety. The article features a comparative analysis of the concepts of “anxiety” and “fear” from the point of view of their psychological content. The author examines the psychological and physiological manifestations of the state of anxiety, external and internal causes of its formation and highlights the adaptive functions of the psychological phenomenon under study. The article provides conclusions on the content of the basic concept of the term, outlines the main causes of anxiety and proves the necessity in an integrated approach to the study of this psychological phenomenon.

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ON THE SPECIFICS OF COPING BEHAVIOR IN STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF ANXIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses the hypothesis about the existence of conditionality of the coping behavior of students with their level of anxiety. The aim of the study was to identify the specifics of coping strategies and psychological defense mechanisms in students with different levels of anxiety. The practical value of the study lies in the fact that knowledge of the characteristics of coping behavior of students, depending on the level of anxiety, can be used by psychologists to increase the potential for overcoming stressful events by changing the way of reaction and adaptive behavior strategies of students with high anxiety. The results of the study showed that the most effective methods of coping behavior are chosen by students of medium and low levels of anxiety, while ineffective coping strategies are used by students with high levels of anxiety.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MORAL DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE PSYCHOLOGISTS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses an urgent problem studying the psychological characteristics of moral development in future psychologists. Psychological characteristics of the moral development of the individual were selected based on the analysis of already implemented research from other scientists. The study determines that in future psychologists, morality is positively associated with such psychological characteristics of moral development as conscientiousness, empathy, benevolence, humanity, trust, and with such personal characteristics as self-development and creativity. The data gathered provide an opportunity for teachers to accompany the development of the moral sphere of future psychologists during classes, practices, and professionally-oriented volunteer activities of students.

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SPECIFICITY OF IDENTITY IN OLDER ADOLESCENTS WITH MENTAL RETARDATION

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the quality of the self-identity and that of older adolescents with mental retardation compared to their normally developing peers. The analysis of gender, role, social identity older teens, identified common and specific features of self-identification.

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