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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

THE PROBLEM OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION FORMING UNDER TRANSITIVE CONDITIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper looks into the problem of self-actualization in the context of modern transitivity. The essence and the origin of the given phenomenon are highlighted. The article presents the positive and negative aspects of youth, which determine whether the self-actualization of the adult is constructive or destructive. The article outlines the possible practical solutions to the problem, which can be brought to life through the resources of the professional-educational environment, and which are aimed at coping with the topical problems and challenges of the youth.

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THE MOTHER’S PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE AND ITS IMPACT ON THE CHILD’S CONDITION IN FAMILIES RAISING CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article looks into the special aspects of the emotional state of mothers raising children having infantile cerebral palsy. The study findings suggest that depressive experiences of varying intensity from mild to severe occur among about half of the number of mothers. They develop due to the sense of dependence and lack of social support, which, if available, is a factor preventing the development of depression syndrome. Mother’s emotional state affects the child’s condition, their attitude to the illness and evaluating the prospects. Mother emphasising flaws and difficulties related to the disease leads to child fixating on the flaw, forming a symbiosis with the mother and getting a sense of isolation, while the mother repressing the thoughts about the flaw is combined with a decrease in the child’s fixation on their disease and with a positive evaluating of their prospects.

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GENDER IDENTITY AND THE SUBSTITUTE MOTHER – FOSTER CHILD INTERACTION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the research is to study gender identity in the context of parent-child interaction. Research objectives: to determine the gender-specific character of socially perceptive reflection of images of foster boys and girls in the minds of their substitute mothers, to determine differences in the indicators of parental interaction. Research methods: a theoretical review of scientific literature, empirical methods: “SOCH(I) – the structure of the human image (hierarchic)” (V.L. Sitnikov), “VRR – parent-child interaction” (I.M. Markovskaya). Practical applicability: the results obtained will be useful in the implementation of educational, preventative, diagnostic, and consulting activities of social and psychological service specialists.

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ON THE METHOD OF THE UNCONSCIOUS IN ARTWORK

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers a comprehensive approach to the study of artwork, which takes into account objective factors, such as events in the composer’s life and their impact on the person’s interior life. The unconscious imagery is considered as specific, characteristics of the composer’s style, manifesting over a long period. The authors, basing on the semiotic approach, suggest distinguishing three plans for the analysis of musical texts, in which the methodology of a comprehensive study allows to get data close to the composer’s artistic design. The article presents the results of practice-oriented research, which involved 26 performing musicians of different ages, having different experiences in performing. Results of the research allow concluding that the developed research trend having potential.

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CHARACTERISING THE SUCCESS-ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The topicality of the researched problem is based upon the interest that causes the phenomenon of success-achievement motivation in psychological science, as well as the social significance of international specialist training programs.

The purpose of the article is to present the findings of the study on success-achievement motivation of students participating in international programs, of the statistical and qualitative analysis of the results obtained.

The leading method of researching the problem is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the empirical study results, which is based on the meaningful paradigm for studying success-achievement motivation, involving the identification of the conglomerate and the interaction of components that determine human behaviour. This allows the identification of trends in the level of success-achievement motivation in the exposure group, as well as the notable characteristics of motivational processes and specific characteristics of the behaviour characteristic of students participating in international programs.

We obtained the evidence that students participating in international programs usually have a high level of success-achievement motivation, and the motive of acquiring knowledge occupies the leading position.

The materials of the article can be used for conducting a competitive selection of students participating in international programs; the article can also be the basis for further research.

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PERFORMANCE CAPABILITIES OF THE PROJECT-BASED LEARNING FOR PREVENTING THE CRISIS OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the issue of the crisis of professional identity in modern society, which is topical for both people already included in the labour activity, and undergraduates just learning the occupational role. So, the article highlights the necessity for timely prevention of the negative consequences of this crisis from the very start of professional training. As one of the directions of preventative work, the author considers the possibilities of using the “project-based learning” technology with students in the study of basic disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle. The article reveals the features of implementing each stage of the technology from the standpoint of developing the professional identity.

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INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT TRAINING AS THE TECHNOLOGY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PSYCHOEMOTIONAL STATE OF STUDENTS DURING STUDYING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article justifies the topicality of creating an interactive psychoemotional atmosphere of higher education establishments’ academic activities. To solve this problem, we suggest an experimentally-grounded method, including the students mastering techniques of regulating their psychoemotional state, developing the ability to address danger situation, ambiguity and fragility in the educational process, developing the ability to manage the psychoemotional state in an interactive educational environment, and developing self-organization competences in simulated and real professional activities. A qualitative analysis of the results through the SAN questionnaire (state of health, activity, and mood), assessing the students’ assignments completed and neutral experts’ opinions demonstrated the high efficiency of the method.

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THE RESEARCH OF THE DYNAMICS OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR OF THE FIRST-YEAR AND SECOND-YEAR STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING IN THE PROCESS OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL FORMATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article provides a brief theoretical analysis of the concept of “aggression” and its types. Moreover, it shows the results of the research on the dynamics of aggressive behavior of the first-year and second-year students of pedagogical training. The purpose of the research is to study the dynamics of aggressive behavior of students of pedagogical universities, offer effective ways to solve this problem, as well as to increase the psychological and pedagogical competence of the students in the dealing with their mental health issues while also helping them to form the necessary practical self-control skills. The necessity of regular and targeted work on the issue of regulating the mental state of future teachers is revealed. This work is to be aimed at the preserving and strengthening the health of the younger generation in an integrated educational network of the university. One of the key tasks of the university is to organize psychological support for the students in the process of their professional development, as well as to help them with their problems in order to improve the effectiveness of educational activities based on the adaptive capabilities of the individual. The ways of interacting: discussions, thematic conversations, analysis of challenging situations, trainings on the dealing with mental state issues. The obtained results of theoretical and empirical research have shown the usefulness of using a comprehensive approach in the study of aggressive behavior, identifying psychological and pedagogical features of destructive behavior of the students at different stages of their professional development. It can help with the scientific search of psychological and pedagogical technologies for overcoming and preventing aggressive behavior in general.

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METHODS OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL STATISTICAL ANALYSIS IN THE STUDY OF CAUSES OF PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT OF CREATIVE WORKERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the methodology for determining significant causes of professional burnout based on the use of multivariate statistical analysis (principal component analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis). Professional burnout is a multidimensional phenomenon with many formation factors. Some of them are related to working conditions, the others – to personal characteristics or external circumstances that are not directly linked to professional activity. The presented method is relevant because it gives the possibility to identify the most significant factors in the primary set, as well as to determine the strength and direction of their impact, and the sufficiency of the initially selected factors of the professional burnout.

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PSYCHOTECHNICS USED IN THE PREPARATION FOR A FIGHT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes psychotechnics that can be used in preparation for a fight since adolescence. Self-preparation for a fight includes three main techniques aimed at developing stress resistance, which include the imitation method, the method of static auto-training, and the method of dynamic auto-training. The techniques used in martial arts combine self-programming, meditation, and self-hypnosis. Along with systematic physical training aimed at developing motor skills and action stereotypes necessary in extreme life-threatening situations, the mental sphere also requires careful preparation, including self-programming of consciousness, synchronization of motor, sensory stereotypes, and mental experience.

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AXIOLOGICAL VALUES OF A PERSON AND COPING BEHAVIOR OF PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOLISM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The concept of the axiological values of a person is analyzed. The results of an empirical study of the axiological values of a person and coping behavior of patients with alcoholism are presented. The greater importance of financially secure, productive life, as well as entertainment, the happiness of others, self-confidence with lesser importance of the values of active, strenuous life, health, development, and freedom; greater importance of the values of accuracy, demanding character, rationalism, courage in asserting one’s opinion and views, tolerance with the lesser importance of the values of self-control, the firm will, honesty; the indicators of life goals are lower, as well as the process of life, the locus of self-control, the locus of life-control, and the general indicator of meaningfulness of life were detected in the group of patients with alcoholism, in comparison with the control group. Significant differences in the coping behavior of patients with alcoholism and the subjects of the control group were identified with the help of the “problem solving” and “problem avoidance” strategies.

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ROLE OF FAMILY RELATIONS IN THE FORMATION OF DENTAL HEALTH AMONG TEENAGERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the results of the study of the correlation between the level of dental literacy of parents and family relationships, and their influence on the dental health of adolescents aged 14-16. The authors rely on the bio-psychosocial model of the disease, where parental relationships are regarded as a social and psychological factor that can determine the intensity of caries and the unsatisfactory level of oral health. Within the framework of the study, we tested a dental literacy questionnaire developed by the authors.

It was revealed that children with a low level of dental literacy typically have authoritarian parents, who are less likely to encourage their independence or support them, are more demanding, and have a less adequate image of a child. Therefore, children that belong to this category are less content with their relationships with their parents.

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PREREQUISITES OF BULLYING IN A PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION AS AN INDICATOR OF PROBLEMS IN THE CHILDREN’S GROUP

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the result of the study of some of the possible prerequisites of bullying in the kindergarten. The analysis of literature on the research problem is given in the paper. This enables the identification of the specifics and characteristic features of bullying in a group of children of preschool age. Unlike schoolchildren, children of preschool age display violence towards their peers mainly individually, their actions are not thought out, they have bright emotional coloring, and are momentary. Selected diagnostic tools and the study allow identifying the risk group in the sample and outlining the targets of psychological impact.

The risk group consisted of children with a high and low level of manifestation of aggression, those demonstrating emotional distress, and lack of adaptation in the social environment, low level of communication skills, and low socio-metric status in the peer group.

Proposed program is aimed at reducing the emotional stress of preschoolers, creating conditions for the emotional discharge, teaching constructive ways of working with anger, splashing it out in an acceptable form, reducing anxiety, irritability, aggressiveness, increasing self-confidence; as well as at the formation of communication skills, and improving socio-metric status in a peer group.

The control stage of the study allows concluding that the proposed program is effective and appropriate for working with preschoolers to level the prerequisites of bullying in a preschool educational organization.

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USAGE OF AUTOGENIC TRAINING AS CORRECTION METHOD FOR EMOTIONAL BURNING OUT OF ATHLETES, PRACTICING MARTIAL ARTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of studying the effect of stress on the course and further development of emotional burnout in athletes involved in martial arts is not only because of its negative consequences for the effectiveness of sports activities, but also due to the fact that stress affects a person’s life, leading to loss of health, psychological problems, and adverse personal change. Burnout syndrome is a state of emotional, mental exhaustion, physical fatigue resulting from chronic stress.

The authors have set a goal to study the characteristics of stress tolerance and the possibility of correcting emotional burnout in athletes involved in martial arts, as well as the possibility of using the autogenous training method to prevent emotional burnout among them.

The following tasks were solved during the study: select psychodiagnostic techniques that are adequate to the goal; conduct an empirical study of the adaptive capabilities and stress resistance of athletes involved in martial arts, analyze and interpret the obtained empirical data; develop and implement an autogenic training program for the prevention of emotional burnout of this category of athletes; evaluate the effectiveness of autogenic training for the prevention of their emotional burnout, develop practical recommendations to increase their level of stress resistance.

The practical value of the study is in the selection of psychodiagnostic test methods and the formulation of the necessary measures for the psychoprophylaxis of burnout syndrome in the future sports activities of athletes involved in martial arts.

The results of the study can be used in the social and psychological support of the stable competitive activity of athletes during the prevention and correction of emotional burnout among athletes involved in martial arts. They can also serve as the basis for further psychological research in this area.

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FEATURES OF ADAPTATION OF YOUNG TEACHERS TO PROFESSION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of the work is determined by high importance of the professional adaptation of a young teacher, which, in turn, is the main component of the consolidation of young specialists in educational institutions. The article discusses the process of professional adaptation of young teachers who start their career. The purpose of the work is to study the characteristics of the professional adaptation of young teachers. The study contains detailed presentation of the professional problems of teachers of different nationalities (Tatars, Chuvashs, Mordovians, Russians) who live in the Republic of Mordovia.

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CREATIVITY AS COMPETENCE OF SPECIALISTS OF SOCIONOMIC PROFESSIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper discusses the problem of studying the creativity of representatives of socionomic professions, as a fundamentally important personal competence that affects the successful completion of professional tasks by these specialists. At the theoretical study stage of the considered problem, the content of the “creativity” term is analyzed from the point of view of various author’s approaches, the absence of categorical homogeneity is determined, and the ambiguity in the interpretation of this concept is revealed. The specifics of socionomic professions in terms of professional requirements and characteristics of professional tasks are also disclosed.

The authors expressed and substantiated the opinion that creativity is an important personal competence of a modern professional, especially in socionomic professions. Such types of creativity as verbal and non-verbal are distinguished in the context of requirements for socionomic professions, their contents are disclosed.

To this end, a study is conducted to identify the level of development of various aspects of creativity among students of continuing education courses and professional retraining programs of socionomic professions at the Faculty of Continuing Education and Professional Retraining of Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN). Representatives of socionomic professions are education employees in the city of Nizhny Novgorod.

The results of a study of creativity as a personal competence of representatives of socionomic professions demonstrated professional deficits in the group of educational employees, clearly demonstrated the insufficient development of verbal and non-verbal creativity in the majority of respondents.

Based on the results of the study, conclusions are drawn about the need to change approaches to the training of students of the faculty of advanced training of the university in order to develop their creativity as a necessary professional and personal characteristic.

A change in the model of education must be associated with the construction of the educational process based on a systematic approach, and the acquisition by students of the experience of creative activity. According to the authors, the training should promote the development of students’ creativity, create conditions for the disclosure of their personal potential through expanding opportunities for self-actualization, the manifestation of creative activity. Particular attention in the development of continuing education courses must be given to new training formats: design, independent workshops, interactive educational games, educational quests, and other interactive forms of work.

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NEW LOOK AT HAPPINESS AND WELL-BEING IN THE CONTEXT OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article provides an overview of the concepts of happiness and well-being in the context of the recently emerged direction in psychology called “positive psychology”. Attention is paid to the reasons for the increased number of studies on this topic and various opinions of the founders of positive psychology. The main reasons for the search for happiness and prosperity in the development of a personality are discussed. Happiness and well-being are seen as tools for personal development, easier socialization, and success.

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PROBLEM OF REGULATING NORMATIVE, PERSONAL AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT OF A MODERN STUDENT IN ACADEMIC ETHICS AND ACADEMIC ETIQUETTE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the analysis of scientific sources and best practices of universities around the world giving an idea of the ethical regulators of the normative, personal and moral characteristics of a modern student. The paper highlights structural components of moral consciousness and moral regulation. Provisions of the ethical code of students that serves as a moral regulator of the social adulting of students are studied.

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ON PERSONAL READINESS OF A YOUNG TEACHER FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The results of the comprehensive study of the personal readiness of a young teacher for professional activity are presented in the article. The results of the individual components of this readiness are described in detail: motivational, intellectual, communicative, emotional, and volitional. The results of an empirical study show an insufficient level of the manifestation of positive personal characteristics in young professionals, which determines the forms and methods for the formation of these properties in young people in the context of additional education.

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CONDITIONS OF FORMATION MANAGERIAL ABILITIES OF STUDENTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE FACULTY OF PUBLIC AND MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION)

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Investigate questions about the conditions of formation of managerial abilities of students of the Faculty of public and municipal administration. The ways and opportunities to develop these abilities.

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