Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

FORMATION OF EFFICIENT COPING STRATEGIES AMONG FRESHMEN DURING EXAMINATION SESSION AS ONE OF THE DIRECTIONS OF SUICIDAL RISKS PREVENTION IN THE YOUTH ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the experience of working with students of a pedagogical university dedicated to the formation of effective coping strategies. Young people in the age of 18-25 years old take the second place among all age groups of people who commit suicide. The aim of this study was to elaborate strategies to reduce suicidal risk.

The article presents the results analysis of the current stage of the study, which enabled us to identify the category of subjects with a medium and low productive coping strategy level. When this group deals with negative or stressful situations, its representatives experience increased level of anxiety, strong desire to avoid problems and lack resources to overcome difficulties during the examination period. We developed a program for working with students, offered comparative analysis of the constitutive and control stages of the study, which confirmed the efficiency of the suggested strategies.

Read More

THE SENSITIVITY TO MEANING AS AN ASPECT OF PROFESSION REFLEXION OF FUTURE TEACHERS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes a psychological phenomena that is able to be traced in the implementation of reflexive seminars with students of Pedagogical College. When students work with texts that describe various professional positions, a “sensitivity to meaning of the text”, as a phenomenon of understanding logic of author’s argumentation, as well as the absence of such sensitivity has been detected. Interconnection between the sensitivity to the meaning of the text and the modality of reflexive activity was discovered.

Read More

SPECIFIC FEATURES OF ATTITUDE TO PREGNANCY AND PARENTAL MINDSET AMONG PRIMIPARA AND BIPARA (RESULTS OF CORRELATION ANALYSIS)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The author of the paper conducted comparative analysis of specific features of the attitude to pregnancy and parental mindset among primipara and bipara women. It was established that “mother domination,” “dependence and mother’s lack of initiative,” “suppression of sexuality,” “suppression of aggressiveness” and “anxiety type of PCGD,” are used as system-forming indicators in the first sample while “optimal type of PCGD” is a system-forming indicator in the second sample. It was found that the more primipara women depend on others and lack initiative, the stronger is their feeling of self-sacrifice in the role of mother and their dissatisfaction with the role of the hostess of the house. In terms of attitudes toward the child, it manifests itself in excessive severity, exclusion of extra-family influences and the desire to develop children’s activity. Accordingly, the more pronounced are the above indicators in the sample of bipara women, the higher is their ability to establish optimal emotional contact with the children, and to concentrate too much on them, which is manifested in the high need to create a safe environment for the child and to interfere excessively into the world of the child. Other correlations of the studied indicators are also specific.

Read More

NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF HIGHER MENTAL FUNCTIONS OF BOYS AND GIRLS OF PRESCHOOL AGE DEPENDING ON THE LEVEL OF THEIR MOTHER’S EDUCATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article contains results of neuropsychological examination of 180 boys and girls of preschool age depending on the level of their mother’s education. The results show that the level of mother’s education is a more significant factor for the formation of higher mental functions of daughters. The better mothers are educated, the more successful is the development of the functions – serial organization of movements and speech, as well as complex forms of visual and auditory perception of girls. Higher mental functions of boys were less sensitive to the educational status of the mother.

Read More

POSITIVE IDENTITY OF SENIOR ADOLESCENTS AS THE CRITERION OF SOCIALIZATION PROCESS EFFICIENCY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper considers the problem of creating effective conditions for the socialization process of older adolescents in an educational organization. The work is devoted to the empirical study of the dependence of the level of identity formation of older adolescents on the conditions of the process of socialization. The author presents a comparative analysis of the expressiveness of the identity types of students under the conditions of a gymnasium and a college. The results of the research showed that the conditions for socialization influence the formation of the positive identity of older adolescents, which in turn can be the indicator of the effectiveness of this process. The materials of the work can be used in the activities of teachers, social educators and practical psychologists in the education system during the development of assistance programs for students.

Read More

PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGISTS (CONSULTANTS) BY MEANS OF INTERVIEWS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF HUMANITARIZATION OF POSTGRADUATE TRAINING

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The main goal of this part of the research under consideration is the development and experimental approbation of a conceptual model of the conditions for the humanitarization of postgraduate education system for educational psychologists in the process of their preparation, which ensures the integral character of the foundations of a common psychological culture formation through the use of inter-vision resources for education of trainees during their professional development. Accordingly, the objectives of the study are: Determination of the methodological principles of training that are appropriate to the result; justification of its mechanism and stage; development of the structure of inter-vision funds; implementation of a comparative experiment based on the findings of the above stated. The results of the research can be used in the system of professional development of educational psychologists in the status of consultants.

Read More

COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAM OF WORKING WITH STAFF “MOTIVATION AND DEVELOPMENT” (KP “MiR”)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses modern problems of searching for effective tools of staff motivation and development, in order to cover the needs of the enterprise in qualified specialists. The paper reflects the need for an integrated system approach to the development and implementation of motivational and development activities with regard to the needs of employees and optimizing the costs of employers. The main concepts of the complex program of work with staff “motivation and development” (KP “MiR”) are considered, the relevance and practical significance of the program are looked into.

Read More

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT AS A FACTOR OF SOCIAL DETERMINATION OF PERSPEPTIVE PROCESSES IN STUDYING THE SOCIALIZATION OF CHILDREN RAISED IN ORPHANAGES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the problem of deepening the analysis of cognitive experience in the area of studying motivational and behavioral aspects of teenagers living. The author emphasizes that contradictory social reality of the external and internal environment of teenagers actualizes the importance of studying the motivational component. It can explain the facts and phenomena of social perception of the world. In the article, the author justifies the possibility of applying the Hackman-Oldham method for the purposes of the study as a tool for diagnosing the motivational potential of pupils.

Read More

PERSON’S EMOTIONAL ORIENTATION AS A PROGNOSTIC FACTOR OF THE FOSTER FAMILIES SOLIDARITY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes and analyzes studies devoted to the correlation between emotional orientation of a person and solidarity in a foster family. Attention is drawn to the fact that emotional orientation of an individual concerning certain experiences reflects the person’s social needs and motives. It is pointed out that there are different categories of the most desired experiences for different people. Ten such complexes are described in the article. The levels of family solidarity are described as well. It is indicated that the divided and bound levels characterize the success of the family system, while the disunited and concatenated levels are treated as problematic. The aim of the work is to identify emotional orientation and levels of solidarity in families, as well as correlation between these two parameters. The object of the research is emotional orientation as an individual inclination to a certain type of experience. The subject of the study is emotional orientation and solidarity in foster families. As a result of the study, it was established that foster families are characterized by a disunited level of solidarity, which indicates extremely low success, while in blood families there are divided and related levels of solidarity which is balanced for interpersonal interaction. The disunited level of solidarity in foster families has a direct correlation with the person’s emotional orientation types on the following scales: “glorious,” “praxic,” “pogynic,” “hedonistic,” “accisitive.”

Read More

PECULIARITIES OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS IN YOUNG MEN OF DRAFT AGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of personality disorders and the peculiarities of their manifestation in young men of draft age; the study is aimed at medical psychiatric examination. The frequency of manifestations of reactive and personal anxiety, depression and suicidal risk in young men of draft age is analysed. Significantly high rates of personal anxiety, a tendency to depressive states and suicidal risk were revealed; as well as reduced communication potential, moral normality and adaptive abilities.

Read More

INFLUENCE OF CHANGES IN APPEARANCE ON THE DYNAMICS OF SELF-CONCEPTION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of the empirical study of self-conception dynamics in case of changes in appearance. A surgical correction of acquired visible differences is accompanied by various psychological difficulties, since the person is forced to realize and accept changes in the body image and self-concept. The dynamics of self-concept with changes in appearance is expressed in the tendency to restore the self-respect factor and in a confident decrease in the expression level of the internal instability factor. The situational dissatisfaction with body image and social isolation most often appear to be the predictors of the expression level of self-conception system components.

Read More

MECHANISMS OF INDIVIDUAL RESISTANCE TO FALSE INFORMATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Resistance of an individual to the influence of false social information is determined by the peculiarities of the person’s perception. Successful recognition of lies in the information provide by a communicator leads to a more objectified mental representation of an object of influence, as well as to distrust towards a message. This article examines cognitive-affective mechanisms of perception that underlie human resistance to false information.

The results analysis showed connection between successful recognition of false information by an individual with cognitive-affective styles of “field independence” and “reflexivity,” as well as with general emotional intelligence, “ability to understand other people’s emotions,” “introversion.”

Read More

DYNAMICS OF CAREER SCENARIOS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT PROFESSIONALIZATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper considers the career scenarios of college students with different professionalization. The study analyzes the following components of career scenarios: the factors of career choice, the vision of the professional environment, the time of action (short-term and long-term professional goals, and the time for achieving them), the vision of career start, the vision of career success, the vision of a post-career period, options and characteristics of career development (first job, job change, crises), professional role.

Read More

PECULIARITIES OF TIME PERCEPTION AND LEVEL OF ASPIRATION IN WOMEN WITH EXCESSIVE WEIGHT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The main cause of overweight and obesity is overeating and pathology of eating behavior, which is associated with a changing role of food in the modern world and society. The paper provides a brief overview of formation of the food behavior and attitudes, the main personality characteristics of overweight women are given, the concepts of temporal perspective and level of claims are shown as well. According to the results of the study the dependence of excess weight on the features of time perception and the level of claims were revealed. Psychotherapy is the main effective way to reduce weight and based on the results of the study the recommendations to improve its effectiveness were given.

Read More

GENDER CHARACTERISTICS OF VICTIM BEHAVIOR AS A RESULT OF VIOLATION IN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper concerns the specificity of the victim behavior in modern psychology, considering the gender aspects of victim behavior in the context of socialization. The authors found that it is worthwhile to consider the term “gender” in the system of such categories as “gender technology”, “gender identity”, “gender differentiation”, “gender role”, “gender stratification,” “gender stereotype”, “gender ideology”. It was found that gender as a social construct is formed during the process of socialization of the subject and is adopted in the form of complex behaviors, including the perception of the person and the world, identification of the social reality. Besides, it was found that gender differences appear in various spheres, in the nature of the victimization, the prevalence and the specificity of types of violence.

Read More

CREATIVE TASKS AS MEANS OF ACTIVATION OF STUDENTS’ COGNITIVE ACTIVITY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the development of students’ mental operations and cognitive activity. The description of tasks, developing thinking and intellectual activity of students are presented. We characterize the requirements necessary for the development of creative tasks. Mental peculiarities of students actions that appear at the solution of non-standard tasks are considered. It is noted that the teacher should be able to decide the tasks not only of the subject learning, but also possess psychological technologies of intelligent and personal development of pupils.

Read More

THE STUDY OF SELF-ATTITUDE BY DRUG ADDICT YOUTH DURING THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL REHABILITATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of empirical research of self–attitude by drug addict young people during the process of social rehabilitation. The following features are revealed such as: undifferentiated esteem oneself and other people, a low degree of interest to inner life, self-knowledge, a faint awareness of “I”(self-concept), the existence of conflicting aspirations. This article can be interesting for specialists in various branches of psychology.

Read More

QUIET LIFE OR DIVERSITY AND CHANGES: CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO LIFE ORIENTATIONS OF STUDENTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article investigates two life orientations: focus on a quiet secure and stable life, and focus on a constant search, diversity and changes. This problem is relevant due to the significance of life orientation in forming of a man’s way of living. The authors suggest that a focus on stability, security, or permanent changes is determined by the level of security needs, motivation in achieving success and avoiding failure, risk appetite, as well as the basic personal characteristics (extroversion-introversion, and others). The authors used specific methods of research: Myers-Briggs test, Ehlers test, Schubert test, and own checklists in order to identify the need in security and attitudes of people to danger. 112 students of Cherepovets State University took part in the study. As a result, it has been given a psychological characteristic of two types of student attitudes on stability or changes in life and orientations, which combine a pursuance of both stability (and security), and changes. The obtained results can be used in the preparation of pedagogical and psychological training, as well as in the activities of the psychological service of universities.

Read More

PROBLEM OF CLINICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION OF MOTIVATION AND NEED SPHERE OF ADOLESCENTS WITH ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR UNDER CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CHANGES IN MODERN RUSSIA (1985-2015)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper presents the main results of psychological research of the motivation and need sphere of adolescents with addictive behavior, which were conducted during at periods of sociocultural changes in Russian society. The dynamics of the psychological problems of adolescents in the context of the development of social motivation and need orientations is considered. The author defined the changes which took place in all spheres of the life of our society that significantly affect the behavior of modern adolescents. The connection between the increasing social contradictions and negative phenomena that provoke abnormal behavior in youth environment is revealed. The author distinguishes the fact of the mutual influence of internal (psychological) and external (social) factors on the formation of addictive behavior in contrast to the majority of researchers who studied the motivation and need sphere of adolescents with addictive behavior.

Read More

DESCRIPTION OF MODEL OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL COLLEGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 2(56) February 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of this article is determined by the need to create a model of communicative competence formation through the development of psychological mechanisms. It is proposed to consider communicative competence formation as a process aimed at obtaining skills and knowledge, developing skills and abilities helping to solve the communication problem. It provides a detailed overview of the development model of communicative competence of students of a technical college. The model includes 5 blocks and 3 modules. We present the author’s definition – communicative competence.

Read More