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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

PREREQUISITES OF BULLYING IN A PRESCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION AS AN INDICATOR OF PROBLEMS IN THE CHILDREN’S GROUP

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the result of the study of some of the possible prerequisites of bullying in the kindergarten. The analysis of literature on the research problem is given in the paper. This enables the identification of the specifics and characteristic features of bullying in a group of children of preschool age. Unlike schoolchildren, children of preschool age display violence towards their peers mainly individually, their actions are not thought out, they have bright emotional coloring, and are momentary. Selected diagnostic tools and the study allow identifying the risk group in the sample and outlining the targets of psychological impact.

The risk group consisted of children with a high and low level of manifestation of aggression, those demonstrating emotional distress, and lack of adaptation in the social environment, low level of communication skills, and low socio-metric status in the peer group.

Proposed program is aimed at reducing the emotional stress of preschoolers, creating conditions for the emotional discharge, teaching constructive ways of working with anger, splashing it out in an acceptable form, reducing anxiety, irritability, aggressiveness, increasing self-confidence; as well as at the formation of communication skills, and improving socio-metric status in a peer group.

The control stage of the study allows concluding that the proposed program is effective and appropriate for working with preschoolers to level the prerequisites of bullying in a preschool educational organization.

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USAGE OF AUTOGENIC TRAINING AS CORRECTION METHOD FOR EMOTIONAL BURNING OUT OF ATHLETES, PRACTICING MARTIAL ARTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of studying the effect of stress on the course and further development of emotional burnout in athletes involved in martial arts is not only because of its negative consequences for the effectiveness of sports activities, but also due to the fact that stress affects a person’s life, leading to loss of health, psychological problems, and adverse personal change. Burnout syndrome is a state of emotional, mental exhaustion, physical fatigue resulting from chronic stress.

The authors have set a goal to study the characteristics of stress tolerance and the possibility of correcting emotional burnout in athletes involved in martial arts, as well as the possibility of using the autogenous training method to prevent emotional burnout among them.

The following tasks were solved during the study: select psychodiagnostic techniques that are adequate to the goal; conduct an empirical study of the adaptive capabilities and stress resistance of athletes involved in martial arts, analyze and interpret the obtained empirical data; develop and implement an autogenic training program for the prevention of emotional burnout of this category of athletes; evaluate the effectiveness of autogenic training for the prevention of their emotional burnout, develop practical recommendations to increase their level of stress resistance.

The practical value of the study is in the selection of psychodiagnostic test methods and the formulation of the necessary measures for the psychoprophylaxis of burnout syndrome in the future sports activities of athletes involved in martial arts.

The results of the study can be used in the social and psychological support of the stable competitive activity of athletes during the prevention and correction of emotional burnout among athletes involved in martial arts. They can also serve as the basis for further psychological research in this area.

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FEATURES OF ADAPTATION OF YOUNG TEACHERS TO PROFESSION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF MORDOVIA)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of the work is determined by high importance of the professional adaptation of a young teacher, which, in turn, is the main component of the consolidation of young specialists in educational institutions. The article discusses the process of professional adaptation of young teachers who start their career. The purpose of the work is to study the characteristics of the professional adaptation of young teachers. The study contains detailed presentation of the professional problems of teachers of different nationalities (Tatars, Chuvashs, Mordovians, Russians) who live in the Republic of Mordovia.

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CREATIVITY AS COMPETENCE OF SPECIALISTS OF SOCIONOMIC PROFESSIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper discusses the problem of studying the creativity of representatives of socionomic professions, as a fundamentally important personal competence that affects the successful completion of professional tasks by these specialists. At the theoretical study stage of the considered problem, the content of the “creativity” term is analyzed from the point of view of various author’s approaches, the absence of categorical homogeneity is determined, and the ambiguity in the interpretation of this concept is revealed. The specifics of socionomic professions in terms of professional requirements and characteristics of professional tasks are also disclosed.

The authors expressed and substantiated the opinion that creativity is an important personal competence of a modern professional, especially in socionomic professions. Such types of creativity as verbal and non-verbal are distinguished in the context of requirements for socionomic professions, their contents are disclosed.

To this end, a study is conducted to identify the level of development of various aspects of creativity among students of continuing education courses and professional retraining programs of socionomic professions at the Faculty of Continuing Education and Professional Retraining of Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (UNN). Representatives of socionomic professions are education employees in the city of Nizhny Novgorod.

The results of a study of creativity as a personal competence of representatives of socionomic professions demonstrated professional deficits in the group of educational employees, clearly demonstrated the insufficient development of verbal and non-verbal creativity in the majority of respondents.

Based on the results of the study, conclusions are drawn about the need to change approaches to the training of students of the faculty of advanced training of the university in order to develop their creativity as a necessary professional and personal characteristic.

A change in the model of education must be associated with the construction of the educational process based on a systematic approach, and the acquisition by students of the experience of creative activity. According to the authors, the training should promote the development of students’ creativity, create conditions for the disclosure of their personal potential through expanding opportunities for self-actualization, the manifestation of creative activity. Particular attention in the development of continuing education courses must be given to new training formats: design, independent workshops, interactive educational games, educational quests, and other interactive forms of work.

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NEW LOOK AT HAPPINESS AND WELL-BEING IN THE CONTEXT OF POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article provides an overview of the concepts of happiness and well-being in the context of the recently emerged direction in psychology called “positive psychology”. Attention is paid to the reasons for the increased number of studies on this topic and various opinions of the founders of positive psychology. The main reasons for the search for happiness and prosperity in the development of a personality are discussed. Happiness and well-being are seen as tools for personal development, easier socialization, and success.

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PROBLEM OF REGULATING NORMATIVE, PERSONAL AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT OF A MODERN STUDENT IN ACADEMIC ETHICS AND ACADEMIC ETIQUETTE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the analysis of scientific sources and best practices of universities around the world giving an idea of the ethical regulators of the normative, personal and moral characteristics of a modern student. The paper highlights structural components of moral consciousness and moral regulation. Provisions of the ethical code of students that serves as a moral regulator of the social adulting of students are studied.

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ON PERSONAL READINESS OF A YOUNG TEACHER FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The results of the comprehensive study of the personal readiness of a young teacher for professional activity are presented in the article. The results of the individual components of this readiness are described in detail: motivational, intellectual, communicative, emotional, and volitional. The results of an empirical study show an insufficient level of the manifestation of positive personal characteristics in young professionals, which determines the forms and methods for the formation of these properties in young people in the context of additional education.

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CONDITIONS OF FORMATION MANAGERIAL ABILITIES OF STUDENTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE FACULTY OF PUBLIC AND MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION)

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Investigate questions about the conditions of formation of managerial abilities of students of the Faculty of public and municipal administration. The ways and opportunities to develop these abilities.

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RELATIONSHIP OF TYPE OF ATTITUDE TO DISEASE AND ATTITUDE TO PARENTS IN ADOLESCENTS WITH ONCOHAEMATOLOGICAL DISEASES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper discusses the relationship of attitudes of adolescents suffering from hematologic diseases to their mothers and types of attitude to the disease. It was found that mixed (harmonic/exorpathic) and anosognosic types are expressed in the structure of the child’s attitude to the disease. The hypochondriacal type of attitude to the disease is negatively interconnected with the desire to adopt a parent; the agreement between a parent and a child is positively correlated with the melancholic type, but negatively, with the neurasthenic type of attitude to the disease; the dysphoric type is negatively associated with the severity of a mother. The consequences of the results for optimizing the relationship of a child with medical staff and supporting psychotherapeutic work with the teenager’s family are discussed as well.

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PROFILE OF A CODEPENDENT PERSONALITY IN AN ADDICTIVE RELATIONSHIP

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the profile features of the codependent personality of women in the cognitive, emotional and behavioral spheres. Premorbid personality traits were determined, violation of basic needs in parental families and dysfunctional relationships in the family system with a dependent spouse were identified. The identified personal attitudes and features of the cognitive-affective and behavioral spheres represent an important target system for psychological work with a codependent personality.

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EXPERIENCING THE SENSE OF LONELINESS IN THE STRUCTURE OF PERSON ADAPTATION POTENTIAL

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the problem of human adaptive capabilities, which is the backbone for the “Clinical Psychology” subject. The authors consider a juvenile age during which the main task of development is to find an identity that is very complicated in the modern world due to the pace and scale of change, the chaos of opportunities, and the multivariance of self-determination paths. The authors investigate the nature of the relationship between the level of mental health of a person, personal adaptive potential, and subjective experience of loneliness. The results of the correlation analysis show the current situation in the development of our society and the dualism of the currently available standards of health – adaptive and anthropocentric, and also point to the problem of distinguishing alloplastic and autoplastic adaptation.

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VARIABILITY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT FOR LEARNERS UNDER EXTERNAL DIFFERENTIATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the personality characteristics and adaptive capabilities of learners in classes with different informative orientations within the framework of the innovative project “External differentiation as a condition for the formation of an educational environment conducive to sustainable development and social success of a person”. Significant differences in the specified parameters are established. Recommendations are formulated to optimize the psychological and pedagogical support of learners in classes with various orientations, taking into account the identified differences.

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METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE LEVEL OF COMMITMENT, LOYALTY, INTEGRATION AND EMPLOYMENT OF PERSONNEL

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the author’s methodology for assessing loyalty, integration, and involvement of staff, as well as the general level of commitment of employees of enterprises and organizations in various industries. The results of the methodology developed by the author allow making quantitative assessments of the studied indicators and developing the most effective tools for working with the staff to enable further improvement of these indicators in order to increase employee motivation and their work efficiency, as well as the prevention and correction of crisis and conflict situations in teams.

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MOTIVATION OF DEVELOPMENT OF DIAGNOSTIC ACTIVITY BY MODERN TEACHERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of the studied problem is due to the need for the development of professional psychological and pedagogical competence of teachers, where a special place is given to questions of specialist readiness for the implementation of its diagnostic component. The goal of the study is to assess the level and characteristics of the motivation of the diagnostic activity of teachers with various work experience. The author used the following research method: a survey of teachers of various subject areas. Its results are correlated with the data obtained during the process of interactive work with teachers in the pedagogical council mode, at seminars and with focus groups. The survey involved 198 teachers with different amount of pedagogical activity. The article presents an assessment of motivational dominants in the diagnostic work of young specialists and educators with a professional experience of more than ten years. The author revealed the priority of the set of internal motives of activity; as well as the groups of factors that can become an obstacle or an incentive to intensify the diagnostic approach in the work of teachers. Besides the author have conducted a statistical analysis of the results. Identified trends can underlie the systemic work of the administration and the teacher-psychologist in an educational institution with different age groups of teachers. The obtained results can be applied in the work of specialists involved in the organization of continuing professional education of teachers, and can be used in determining guidelines in the implementation of innovative projects in the field of education.

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CLINICAL FEATURES OF THE PROJECTIVE TEST: ORNITHOMORPHIC ANALYSIS OF TYPOLOGICAL AND SOMATIC PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of research on the use of the author’s projective test “Bird” (E. Abakarova, 2016.), aimed at studying the individual, psychological and somatic characteristics of the subject’s personality.

The materials of the article reflect the technology of working with the drawing test, the specifics of the requirements for its use and non-direct analysis of drawings by students of Stavropol state medical University. The analysis of graphic images of symbols of birds of prey reflects the body expression of an individual that is reliably correlated with the typological features of his personality presented in a comparative cross section with the ornithonyms of birds of the owl family. The personal and somatic profile of this ornithomorphic symbol described in the article belongs to the drawings of students who depicted the owl bird.

Psychological orientation, which is guided by this analysis, is correlated in detail with the medical history of students and observation of them in the course of educational activities.

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RELEVANT PROBLEMS OF INTERACTION OF TEACHERS WITH HYPERACTIVE STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 04(94) April 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The number of hyperactive students has been growing in recent years for various reasons. The teacher’s lack of education on the issue of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), ignorance concerning the nature of this pathology leads to difficulties in the teacher’s work.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is an urgent psychological and pedagogical problem. The article will be interesting to primary school teachers and school psychologists.

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SOCIAL IMAGE OF THE STATE AND FATHERLAND AMONG MODERN YOUTH AS THE MANIFESTATION OF PATRIOTISM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 04(94) April 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article poses the problem of developing the sense of patriotism among modern youth as an ideological component in modern society. The concept of social image is analysed, the ideas of students about the current situation in modern Russia are described. It is emphasized that social image reflects the general attitude to social problems in society, as well as the potential for personal participation in its development. The results of the empirical study, namely, a free survey of students of universities and high school and an associative experiment aimed at identifying the main features of social ideas about the state and fatherland, are described. The dynamics of the content of the concepts “fatherland” and “state” in the self-consciousness of youth, and their relationship with patriotic attitudes is noted. The manifestation of social distrust towards the institution of the state is established.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF COMPETENCE IN THE ACADEMIC DISCIPLINES OF A STUDENT

Posted in 2014, Issue July 2014, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of researches made in the implementation of departmental job universities (research project № 553). Studied the socio-psychological characteristics as determinants of competence. The influence of the personality and interpersonal relations in the student group on academic performance that can be used for psychological-pedagogical support of the educational process in the University.

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EMOTIONAL-VOLITIONAL READINESS FOR PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT TRAINING COURSES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper discusses the content of the emotional-volitional readiness of future psychologists for professional activities. The following indicators were identified as the leading indicators of students’ emotional-volitional readiness: emotional intelligence, empathic abilities, emotional stability. The results of an empirical study show that senior psychology students have higher emotional-volitional readiness for future professional activities than second-year students.

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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR EFFECTIVE INTERACTION OF TEACHERS AND CHILDREN SUFFERING FROM HYPERKINETIC BEHAVIOR SYNDROME

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The number of students of the hyperactive type has been growing inexorably for various reasons in recent years. The teacher’s lack of education on the issue of hyperkinetic behavior syndrome (HBS), ignorance of the nature of this pathology leads to difficulties in the teacher’s work.

Hyperkinetic behavior syndrome (HBS) in children is an urgent psychological and pedagogical problem. The paper will be interesting primary to school teachers, and school psychologists.

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