Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

ON THE STRUCTURE OF RESPONSIBILITY AND ITS CONNECTION WITH ANXIETY IN MEDICAL STUDENTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the aspects of the structure of responsibility in medical students and its connection with the state of anxiety. The study presents the data of a factor analysis confirming the ambivalent nature of the organization of responsibility in medical students and the presence of interrelations between responsibility and anxiety due to the allocation of the components of anxiety, depression, and the “difficulty” indicator in a single factor, “the fear of responsibility”. Students with a specific negative attitude to taking responsibility, who regard it as a phenomenon that restricts human freedom, have higher rates of anxiety and depression. The results obtained can be applied in consulting and preventive work with students, in particular, those belonging to the “risk group”, which are hyper-responsible students with a high level of anxiety.

Read More

DYNAMICS OF MENTAL PROCESSES AND BEHAVIOR OF SUBJECTS IN A VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Understanding the dynamic changes in mental processes and human behavior in a virtual environment is one of the key conditions for ensuring the prospects of using virtual reality tools in various spheres of human life. Immersive virtual reality allows for taking a step towards greater standardization of behavioral experiments as well as the ability to conduct research without exposing participants to real danger. The current article deals with the psychological factors of human behavior in a virtual environment. The results of this study can contribute to the understanding of human behavior in virtual reality as well as the correlation of this complex phenomenon with the objective characteristics of mental processes.

Read More

ON THE IMPACT OF FEMALE VIOLENCE ON MARRIED AND UNMARRIED MEN

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of an empirical study that made it possible to analyze the frequency of women’s use of emotional and psychological violence against men, the intensity of its impact on the emotional sphere of both legally married and unmarried men. The study involved 37 men aged 22 to 36 years (23 of whom are officially registered family relations, 14 are not officially married, but live together), who applied for help in the psychological and speech therapy center “Sverkh Ya” in the city of Tula. The study was conducted in the period from 2016 to 2020. The analysis of the literature demonstrates a lack of development of the issue as well as the fragmentary nature of research in Russian psychological studies. The article highlights the need to study the influence of the frequency and intensity of the impact of violence on the emotional condition of men, including taking into account the differences of such influence in men who are and are not in official (marital) relationships. To study the forms of violence (emotional and/or psychological), their differentiation, assessment of the intensity and degree of negative impact on the emotional condition of men, the research conducts a structured conversation with men, during which the respondents were asked to describe in writing the forms of emotional and psychological violence inflicted on them while giving them a differentiated score in points. The analysis of the text responses of the subjects allowed the researchers to identify 9 statements of emotional violence and 8 statements related to psychological violence.

Using the methods of mathematical statistics, such as Spearman correlation analysis and the Mann-Whitney U test, it was possible to identify the prevailing forms of violence, assess their intensity and the degree of impact on the emotional condition in both married and unmarried men.

Read More

ON PREVENTION OF AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN JUVENILE CONVICTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

According to the results of the current study, it was concluded that adolescents need preventive work aimed at correcting aggressive behavior. The compiled preventive program made it possible to influence the psychological characteristics of aggressive minors and to carry out the effective correction of their behavior in the context of a penal establishment. With the help of the developed program, the indicators of aggressive behavior and negative mental states of adolescents in the experimental group were reduced. In the control group, the participants of which did not participate in the implementation of the preventive program, an increase in aggressive tendencies by any indicator was observed.

Read More

SELF-REALIZATION AS INTERPRETED BY USERS INSTAGRAM

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

In this research, a thematic analysis was used to study Instagram posts (N = 1000) marked with the hashtag “#selfrealization”, published by Russian-speaking and English-speaking users in May 2021.

I found six main topics of publications marked with the hashtag “#selfrealization”: excerpt, personal publications, recommendations, professional publications, spiritual practices, sports and creativity.

Psychologists and coaches who consider self-realization from a scientific point of view have published most of the Russian-language publications marked with the hashtag “self-realization”. Yoga teachers and spirit guides looking at self-realization from a spiritual perspective have published most of the English-language posts tagged with the hashtag “self-realization”.

This research contributes to the study of everyday knowledge, demonstrating how Instagram users form ideas about self-realization.

Read More

A RESEARCH ON SUBJECTIVE ASPECTS OF THE IMAGE OF THE SOCIAL WORLD OF COLLEGE YOUTH

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The most important role in the subjective aspect of the image of the social world of young people belongs to value orientations, the correlation of the dominant values in society with the value world of the individual. Systematic knowledge of the subjective aspects is necessary for the effective forecasting and management of youth socialization. This allows us to take into account the peculiarities of youth’s subjective perception of social groups and institutions of socialization, and to compare the direction and effectiveness of their socializing influence. The aim of the research is to analyze the features of the subjective image of the social world in the minds of college youth on the basis of electronic monitoring. The methodology of theoretical analysis is a subject- and activity-based approach. The study uses I. A. Nikolaeva’s method of electronic monitoring “The Image of the Social World of Youth” (Obraz sotsialnogo mira molodyozhi) to analyze the subjective aspects of socialization of university students. The results of the study present the content of the subjective image of the social world of students; demonstrate the value potential of social institutions, groups, and their individual representatives in the perception of respondents; show the value attitude to persons of their own and opposite sex in boys and girls is shown; characterize the content of emotional categories in its description. The scientific novelty of the article lies in the use of the original implicit method of data collection; in the automated collection and processing of raw data, in the organization of electronic monitoring and obtaining new information on the subjective aspects of the image of the social world of university students. The practical significance of the article lies in the presented results that create a scientific basis for targeted psychological and pedagogical support of college youth, which can be used in forecasting, designing and correcting youth-related policies.

Read More

CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMANISTIC VALUES OF PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to study the humanistic values of psychology students and determine the strategy of formation of these values. The study utilizes the following methods: the life-purpose orientation method (test smyslozhyznennykh orientatsiy) for studying the level of meaningfulness of life (D. A. Leontiev), the modified E. Shostrom POI test (L. Ya. Gozman), the method of diagnostics of value orientations by M. Rokich, the method of diagnostics of the level of empathic abilities by V. V. Boyko. The study demonstrates that the levels of development of empathic abilities, self-actualization, the meaningfulness of life, and the hierarchy of values of psychology students do not fully correspond to the humanistic values of the individual. The formation of humanistic values is possible on the basis of using the spiritual potential of culture through the actualization of the awareness of the personal meaning of universal values, through the expansion of the educational and cultural spectrum, etc.

Read More

ON THE POSSIBILITY OF MANAGING THE PROCESS OF PREPARING STUDENTS FOR SELF-EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF DISTANCE LEARNING

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of student self-education as well as their preparedness for this activity in the context of the increasing spread of distance education technologies, it also substantiates the relevance of this contemporary problem. The authors of the article analyze various approaches to understanding the concept of “self-education”, “readiness for self-education”, identify the components of readiness for self-education, and present the results of a diagnostic study of these components. The study concludes on the insufficient level of formation of the components of student preparedness for self-education. The authors also propose possible ways of managing the process of preparation for student self-education through the formation and development of reflection, internal motivation of teaching, training in practical skills of educational and professional work, time management techniques.

Read More

PSYCHOLOGICAL CORRECTION OF THE EMOTIONAL STATE OF ADOLESCENTS WITH NEUROLOGICAL DISEASES

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a study of the psychological correction of the emotional state of adolescents with neurological diseases. The study analyzes the level of anxiety and depression in adolescents, as well as the level of alexithymia. In the course of this study, 36 adolescents (from 12 to 18 years old) were examined. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale were used as research methods. For statistical processing of the data, the Spearman rank correlation coefficient and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used, designed to work with nonparametric data. A program of psychological correction has been developed and tested, including exercises aimed at reducing emotional stress, reducing the level of anxiety and depression, as well as working with resource states. The positive dynamics of the emotional state of the subjects is shown, which confirms the effectiveness of the proposed psychocorrection program.

Read More

DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE IMAGINATION IN OLDER PRESCHOOL AGE CHILDREN BY MEANS OF SAND ANIMATION

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the problem of the development of creative imagination in children of preschool educational organizations. The aim of the study is to examine the state of creative imagination in children of older preschool age, to design and implement a development program using the technique of sand animation. The article discusses the aspects of the formation of creative imagination in older preschoolers. The authors highlight the possibilities of sand therapy in the development of the creative imagination of children aged six years, in particular, the authors examine the technique of sand animation. The article presents the results of an experimental study and confirms the assumption that the technique of sand animation opens up wider opportunities for the effective formation and development of children’s creative imagination.

Read More

ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH COPING BEHAVIOR IN THE ELDERLY

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes the relationship between individual psychological characteristics and coping behavior in the elderly as well as identifies positive correlations of emotionally-oriented coping and demonstrativeness, suspicion, impulsivity, anxiety, tension, and depression. The study describes that problem-oriented coping is typical for extroverts, sociable and trusting people who are prone to self-control, perseverance and responsibility, while avoidance-oriented coping is characteristic of people who are expressive, inquisitive, and flexible in their behavior in relation to external circumstances. The data obtained can be taken into account in the development of educational and methodological programs in social psychology, developmental psychology, gerontopsychology, crisis psychology, psychological counseling, personality psychology, stress psychology, etc.

Read More

SELF- PRESENTATION ATHLETES AS A FACTOR OF SUCCESS

Posted in 2013, Issue October 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This article presents the results of a study of self-presentation strategies in athletes – freestyle wrestlers and fighters without rules (pankration) Yakutsk. The aim of the study was to determine the strategies of self-presentation in athletes. The practical significance of the study is defined by the ability to use the results to solve the problems of efficiency and success of athletes in professional activities.

Read More

AN ASSESSMENT OF CONSTRUCTIVE CONFLICT RESOLUTION SKILLS IN MODERN ADOLESCENTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a study that estimates the formation of the skills of constructive conflict resolution in modern adolescents at the initial stage, which is followed by the justification of the expediency, development, and content of the main trajectories of the formative work. The formation of the skills of constructive conflict resolution in modern adolescents is examined as one of the conditions for preventing school violence since the cause of bullying in most cases is unresolved or non-constructively resolved conflict. The analysis of the results of a summative assessment allowed the authors to assess the constructive behavior of adolescents in conflict situations and to analyze the necessary personal qualities. The program of the formative experiment is aimed at understanding the psychological essence of the conflict and its specifics; awareness of negative emotions caused by conflicts, their analysis, and reaction; formation of skills of constructive behavior in a conflict situation; reduction of the level of aggressiveness, hostility, conflict; development of empathy, tolerance. After the control stage of the study, a comparative analysis was conducted, which allowed for drawing conclusions about the positive dynamics in the sample, which is expressed in a decrease in the number of subjects with such indicators as short temper, noncompliance with a very low level of emotional response and an increase in the number of subjects with such types of conflict behavior as compromise and cooperation.

Read More

ON THE RESEARCH OF INTERPRETATION IN INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The problem of interpretation is dealt with in many fields of humanities: philosophy as the consideration of the object and its external manifestations; hermeneutics and philology as the understanding of texts; psychology as a link between the individual and the surrounding environment, etc. However, each area of knowledge includes only those aspects that bear direct connection to the subject of its study. Today, people’s life attitudes and ways of communication are both being transformed, which leaves an imprint on both the process of interpersonal interaction itself and the variability in the interpretation of messages. In the context of studying interpretation within interpersonal communication, the author considers the complex nature of this problem and comes to the conclusion that an interdisciplinary approach is necessary both for the implementation of correct interpersonal interaction and for its research.

Read More

PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COPING BEHAVIOR STRATEGIES IN ETHNIC SUBJECTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the results of an empirical study aimed at determining the psychological characteristics of coping strategies of ethnic subjects (Udmurts and Russians). The study demonstrates that urban and rural Udmurts use a relatively uniform number of coping strategies, which is associated with their reliance on cultural values manifested in ethnotypic features and disclosed to representatives of both groups as additional adaptive resources. The authors establish that rural Udmurts more often choose the following strategies for coping with stress: “active avoidance”, “establishing personal self-worth”, “giving meaning” and “emotional discharge”, combining in their aspirations the achievement of harmony in the world, their ethno-social environment as well as reflecting on their position in the system of interpersonal relations, which is expressed in internal experiences and the need to use “emotional discharge”. The article proves that the urban Udmurts use “retreat” and “problem analysis” as specific strategies, which for a time provide “protection” from the impact of stressful factors and are the result of the Udmurt experience in the mismatch between social and cultural values in connection with the transition to the urban environment.

Read More

SHAPING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF WORK MOTIVATION ON THE BASE TYPE ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The text deals with conjunction type of organizational culture with work motivation in the organization sphere informational technology according typology of K.Cameron and R. Quinn. On the base kind of motives in the define type of organizational type is suggested management system of work motivation.

Read More

STUDY OF THE DYNAMICS OF SELF-ESTEEM TEACHERS, DEPENDING ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This paper investigates the relationship with the teacher’s self-assessment of one of the most important factors socionomic-professional work experience. On the basis of surveys of secondary school teachers on how to measure the Samara S.A.Budassi self-identified and analyzed in detail the specificity of self-esteem speaker at various stages of the educational career. The results will more effectively provide psychological assistance in solving problems associated with exposure to the profession on the psycho-emotional sphere teacher.

Read More

THE ESSENCE AND THE ROLE OF TOLERANCE IN THE MODERN SOCIAL SPACE

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the essence and specifics of the phenomenon of tolerance, rejecting the notion of «extremism». Reveals the role of tolerance in creating a system of social relations, oriented on the principle of equality of differences. Indicated by the impact of macro – and microenvironment on the formation of this phenomenon.

Read More

APPLICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGHEST ADMINISTRATIVE PERSONNEL

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The main functional duties assigned to the highest administrative personnel, subject to psychological training are considered. Features of the organization of training on the basis of use of the psycho-pedagogical principles of androgogic are opened.

Read More

COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF CONSISTENCY IN REPRESENTATIONS ABOUT ROLE PATTERN IN MATING RELATIONSHIPS IN UNIVERSITY SENIOR AND JUNIOR FEMALE STUDENTS

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Comparative evaluation of conversions in representations about role pattern in family relationship in university female students had been conducted. Discrepancies between phylogenetically and social-psychologically conditioned components of choice for mating partner in examined groups were detected. Senior female students were characterized by minor differences in the perception of their own role in the family partnership as compared with junior students, however the same discrepancies between the criteria for choosing a long-term partner and role requirements imposed to the partner were observed in both investigated groups. Results suggests the important role of social-psychological component in formation of discrepancies between phylogenetically and social-psychologically conditioned components of role pattern in mating relationship.

Read More