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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PSYCHOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 18+

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES OF THE AUTHENTIC SPECTRUM IN THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF PARENTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to analyze the research of domestic scientists and practitioners, which study attitudes, needs and determinants of the attitude of parents of children with disabilities, including children with autism spectrum disorders and parents of healthy children to inclusive education. The method of investigation is comparative-comparative analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature. The results of a study of Russian scientists conducted in various regions are presented. Both positive and negative forms of parents’ perception of the possibility of introducing inclusive education for children with autism spectrum disorders in educational institutions are most often shown in their.

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TOPICAL QUESTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING OF ATHLETES

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the study of psychological preparation of athletes of various qualifications and different levels (beginners, juniors, and masters) and individuals who have no particular interests and also discusses the causes of various types of aggression depending on the level of their training. It is noted that sports activities in various sports require the development of a large complex of the athletes’ mental processes. As a result of the study, it was confirmed that there is a difference in the level of self-respect and manifestations of aggressive behavior in athletes of various qualifications depending on the preferences in the motivational and needs’ sphere of an individual.

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THE STUDY OF VALIDITY OF QUASI-LANGUAGE TECHNIQUES OF DIAGNOSTICS OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE OF SCHOOLCHILDREN

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The validity of the techniques created based on quasi-language material for the diagnosis of the language competence in the middle school age was studied. The relationships with performance indicators of other widely used techniques for language diagnostics were analyzed. Children, who were sensitive to semantic and morphological/grammatical context of sentences and texts in working with quasi-texts, demonstrated high results in the performance of tasks on detection of semantic and grammatical errors in Russian sentences and completion of uncompleted sentences in accordance with grammatical and semantic context of the task.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF PARENTAL TOLERANCE

Posted in 2018, Issue №6(72) June 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The study deals with a type of parental tolerance that has not been scrutinized in depth by psychology; yet, it is the type of tolerance that determines educational capacity of the family. Based on the author’s concept of the concept of conscious parenthood developed a model of parental tolerance. Psychodiagnostic complex was tested to study the structure of parent tolerance. The model of parental tolerance as an integral unity of three components (cognitive, emotional and behavioral) is empirically tested. Structural and content analysis of tolerance was carried out with the help of correlation research. The system-forming component in the structure of parental tolerance is the emotional component and its elements – positive parental feelings towards the child on the basis of its unconditional acceptance and parental love; in the cognitive component – awareness of the parent’s attitude to the child and parental responsibility; in behavioral component – communicative tolerance and democratic style of family education.

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CONNECTION OF BEHAVIOR STRATEGIES IN CONFLICT WITH TRENDS OF IMAGE AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Posted in 2018, Issue №6(72) June 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

In the modern world, the issues of resolving emotionally conflicting identities, which are based on the image of “the other,” delimited by the definition of the image of the “own,” are especially topical. Personality, having one or another image of him/herself, as a participant of any social processes, chooses a certain strategy of behavior in a conflict situation, being also guided by the ability to understand and manage emotions.

The present study was aimed at describing the relationship between empirical indicators of the preferences of the behavior strategy in the “Evasion” conflict, the general “Domination” tendency of the self-image and the main “Authoritarianism” tendency of the self-image, as well as indicators of emotional intelligence. The results can be applied in the practice of personnel assessment, psychological counseling, and psychotherapy.

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PARADIGMS OF ETHNIC PSYCHOLOGY

Posted in 2018, Issue №5(71) May 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The descriptive, cultural and historical paradigms of ethnic psychology are justified in the paper. It is shown that the first one has emerged at the beginning of the development of this branch of knowledge into an independent science at the end of the 19th century and guided scientists to identify the patterns of functioning of national self-consciousness, stereotypes, conduct the study of the problems of the ethnic originality of the world perception, the specifics of interethnic relations, ethnopsychological characteristics of people in general. It is found that the second paradigm began to be formed in the 1960s and focuses on the study of ethnic identity and tolerance among different peoples, the peculiarities of their perception and cognition, the study of sociopsychological problems of the life of ethnic minorities, the flow of migration processes and acculturation in their midst. It is based on the comprehension of the historical epistemological, cross-cultural and ethnical and functional approaches to understanding the ethnic psyche.

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE PSYCHOTHERAPY EDUCATIONAL PROCESS ON THE LEVEL OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Posted in 2018, Issue №3(69) March 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Psychotherapy represents opening new perspectives, possibilities and it helps with broadening one’s personal horizons. The psychotherapist has full responsibility during the psychotherapeutic process to make sure that the client is going to benefit from it and that it will also lead to changes, at the same time ensuring that they are maintaining their professional boundaries. The psychotherapist should posses’ excellent communication skills, high emotional intelligence and high empathy.

In a lot of studies it has been confirmed that the psychotherapist’s attributes are the main component which affects the success of the psychotherapeutic process. The psychotherapist needs to possess certain personality traits in order to effectively respond to all the requirements which determine the success of the therapeutic process. During psychotherapy education, cognitive processes and surmounting cognitive knowledge are successfully controlled through examinations, writing essays, reports and supervision.

Educational programs don’t describe how and whether it is possible for the psychotherapist to build their personal characteristics and specific skills. This research tries to answer the question: Does the psychotherapy educational process affects the emotional intelligence of people who are studying in psychotherapy?

This study shows that the emotional intelligence changes during the psychotherapy educational process. The results show that after one year of frequent attendance in the psychotherapy educational group, the ability to regulate and manage their emotions increased. The learning process helps the students to increase their emotional competence and understand their emotional processes in order to understand the emotional processes within others. The students learn how to support the good processes and correct the negative ones.

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MODELING OF MANIFESTATIONS OF PHENOMENON OF TRUST TO DIGITAL ECONOMIC PRODUCTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №3(69) March 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The concept of digital economy is becoming a familiar phenomenon in the life of a modern society today, just as the economy of knowledge and the informatization in due time. As time passes, the share of the digital economy increases in comparison with the material economy. Indeed, many of us have become accustomed to non-cash payments or online purchases in the Internet. The problem of the formation of social representations, psychological mechanisms and models of users’ confidence in the products of the digital economy (sometimes this word-combination is replaced with a shorter one – on-line-trust) under modern conditions is particularly relevant. However, despite this, the solution of this problem has not yet been supported by a sufficient number of fundamental psychological studies. The subject of this study is the existing models of building user confidence in products of the digital economy.

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IN SEARCH OF STRUCTURE-GENERATING EMOTIONS

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper presents the problem of structure-forming emotions, the search of which has been attracting the attention of scientists all over the world. The essence of emotional development of a person in adolescence as a ratio of progressive and regressive emotional manifestations is shown. Emotions in adolescence form a complex dynamic structure, including a spectrum of ambivalent, stenotic and asthenic emotional states. The lack of calm assumes movement, structural reorganization, inability to organize and control emotional phenomena independently, and the nonequilibrium state of the emotional sphere of the individual.

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USAGE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES BY CHILDREN: GENDER-ROLE DIFFERENCES

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The research is aimed at revealing the differences in the psychological gender of an individual in the behavior of boys and girls, who actively use digital technologies, as well as differences in the vision of preschool children about the peculiarities of “I” image of boys and girls, men and women. It was found that boys who actively use digital technologies are vulnerable, arrogant, weak-willed, dependent, unable to cope even with elementary difficulties. Girls, on the contrary, show persistence, emotional coldness, become resolute even in an obvious situation, when they cannot cope with it.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO STUDY OF PROBLEM OF PERSONAL SELF-REPRESENTATION OF STUDENTS STUDYING MANAGEMENT

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper reveals the features of the study of a phenomenon of personal self-presentation of students studying management. The main approaches to study of the problem of personal self-presentation in domestic and foreign psychology are presented. The structure, structural components and motivational components of personal self-presentation are described as well. The essence of professionally important qualities of managers is revealed in the paper. The author offers an interpretation of the understanding of personal self-presentation of students studying management. The conditions for the successful professional activity of the manager are determined, depending on the formation of his/her psychological qualities. The concept of formation of a business image as a basis of the process of development of personal self-presentation is justificated in the paper.

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REVIEW OF DIRECTIONS OF MODERN STUDIES IN THE STUDY OF PSYCHO-PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ESSENTIAL OILS

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper analyzes 36 scientific publications presenting the results of an experimental study of the pharmacological activity of various essential oils.
The ways of introduction, the types of laboratory are and the design of the study were analyzed. The most studied is the psychophysiological activity of essential oils, which 70% of studies are devoted to.
It is established that the essential oils of lavender, lemon, cloves, cypress, basil are characterized by pronounced anxiolytic, antidepressant action. The optimal course of essential oil therapy is 3 weeks. Essential oils have low toxicity and good tolerability, which, given the constantly growing evidence base of clinical studies, allows them to be considered as a promising object in medical and psychological practice for the correction of psychophysiological disorders.

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ON DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPT OF NATURE-FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGIES IN PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISEASES

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

More and more people in the modern world suffer from mental disorders. A negative impact of the environment takes an important place in the genesis of mental diseases. Urbanization has led to the fact that a significant part of the urban population suffers from a wide range of mental disorders of varying severity. The international experience shows that one of the best means of prevention and treatment of such disorders is to create an enabling environment surrounding a person, and one of the ways to achieve this goal is to introduce nature-friendly technologies in the field of mental health. The President of the Russian Federation, V.V. Putin emphasized that this problem is also relevant in Russia in his speech at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly. The author of the paper considers the further introduction of nature-friendly technologies into medicine and, based on the analysis of international practices, the introduction of nature-friendly therapy in the treatment of mental disorders. The integrated use of such treatment methods can radically improve the mental health of the nation, the demographic situation, contribute to the increase in the working capacity of the population, which will affect the vector of economic and social development of Russia in future.

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SPIRITUALLY-ORIENTED PRACTICES AS METHOD OF SELF-REALIZATION OF PERSON

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

As an optimal way of correcting the psychological characteristics of overweight persons, based on the assumption that self-development and self-improvement carried out in the course of spiritually-oriented, namely, body-oriented practices, are the spheres of self-realization, the obtained results revealed changes concerning personal growth and family relationships in those patients engaged in body-oriented practices, which made it possible to assert that the application of this approach is an optimal way of correction and self-realization of the human personality and especially of those overweight.

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DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES IN PSYCHOLOGICAL CARE TRAINING

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Modern society gives a challenge to cope with extremism, terrorism, social instability that needs developing new psychological helping technologies and educational programs, personal and professional skills and new training techniques in the field of psychological practice and education. The research was fulfilled at the Extreme Psychology and Psychological Helping Department of Moscow State University during longitude observations and educational practice. Innovation techniques of tracking transformations and characteristics of personality work – such as development of care-giving competence in professional training were tested. Students in professional training based on cultural activity theory of personality showed significantly higher level of “instrumental care” as a part of practice, then psychology students oriented on care existentially, more presented in images, values and as a part of life experience than in effectual forms of professional helping. Application of cultural activity theory of personality in professional training also gives the opportunity to elaborate traumatic intrusion and avoidance as a result of induced traumatic experience in the course of didactic personal work with trainees.

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INTENSIVE STRESS AND COPING STRATEGIES CONSIDERING TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE IN CONTEXT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY OF PERSON

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the analysis of research results, the specificity of experiencing of intense stressful reactions by the population of the post-war region in the context of the psychological security of person. The data from the empirical study of 150 respondents who lived for a long time under the conditions of a local armed conflict indicate that severe (certain) traumatic events cause not only the expression and experience of signs of post-traumatic stress, but also the development and use of coping behavior mechanisms at remote stages of prolonged emergency situation.

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GENDER PECULIARITIES OF COMMUNICATIVE TOLERANCE OF STUDENTS OF A CLASSICAL UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

Methodological bases and results of the study of gender peculiarities and the level of general communicative tolerance of university students are presented in the article. The results of the empirical study showed that there are differences in general characteristics of the level of communicative tolerance of various gender groups. It is established that, in general, young men and women of 17-20 years have positive attitude to the world around them; they express readiness to establish and maintain communication with other people. It is suggested that it is necessary to include the task of forming positive interpersonal communication into the complex of higher education tasks.

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PHENOMENON OF “DESIRE” AS A SYSTEM-FORMING FACTOR OF FANTASM

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the aspects of psychological counseling which cause difficulties for practicing psychologists. The necessity of studying the psyche in the unity of its conscious and unconscious components is shown. There is a close relationship between psychological counseling and psychotherapy. The phenomenon of “desire” is theoretically outlined as one of the basic concepts of structural psychoanalysis. The ratio of desire and need is shown. The connection between the structure of fantasm and desire is highlighted. The request of the client is considered from the point of view of the request for the fulfillment of a desire. The Oedipus situation appears in the context of the desire formation. The awareness of the fantasm presence and its symbolic resolution in the process of psychotherapeutic work are considered in the paper.

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MARI METHOD AS RESEARCH TOOL OF PERSON SOCIAL DEMENSIONS

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper describes the features of the MARI methodology as a complex tool for the study of personality social dimensions. It describes the capabilities of the methodology, determines the structure of multidimensional personality research. The possibility of the overall estimate of the social roles of the individual is considered. The methodological basis of the MARI methodology as a multidimensional tool of personality research is disclosed. The practical examples of interpretation of data obtained with the help of MARI are given.

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SENSORY VIOLATIONS AS SOURCE OF DEVELOPMENT OF OTHER INFRINGEMENT SYMPTOMS OF CHILDREN’S AUTISTIC SPECTRUM

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The author carries out a theoretical analysis of the symptoms of children’s autism, based on which the basic cause of the main symptoms is determined — the violation of sensory perception. This statement allows to conclude that the treatment of children’s autism should be based on psychological correction of sensory disorders with subsequent correction of other symptoms. The author presents the method of sensory integration as the main method of psychological correction of sensory disorders in children’s autism.

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