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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

POLITICAL SCIENCE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

THE 2020 CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM IN RUSSIA: PROSPECTS FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE PARTY-POLITICAL SPECTRUM AND NEW TRENDS IN INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

2020 will be remembered by many as a period of discussions and substantial decisions in the field of further development of the political system. One of the trends was the active changes in the Constitution, which was adopted by the people of Russia on December 12, 1993 and has not been seriously amended since then. The author of the article studies the current impact of the adopted legal innovations on the upcoming 2021-2024 electoral process and attempts to look at these events not from the legal perspective, but rather from the position of the political forecast of the country’s development.

An electronic survey of twenty regional experts with the help of the Google-Forms program hardware provided answers to 40 questions that cover important aspects of the development of civil society, party and political situation, constitutional reform and electoral prospects in Russia in 2021-2024.

The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Expert Institute for Social Research within the framework of the scientific project No. 20-011-32080.

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US NAVAL PRESENCE IN THE INDO-PACIFIC IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBAL STRATEGY ON FOREIGN POLICY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

In the mid-2010s, the agenda of international relations, the key aspect of which is the problems of military and political rivalry with the major powers of the world, returned to the list of priorities of the US military politics. At this period of time, the Pentagon announced the implementation of the”Third Offset Strategy”. On account of this strategy, the United States has moved away from the activities of the previous two decades, when the emphasis was on the ability of the US armed forces to virtually perform policing function in order to “establish democracy” in weak states and to force governments to fight various rebel groups. The withdrawal of the United States of America from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in February 2019 is largely due to the desire to expand Beijing’s arsenal of military deterrence. The deployment of such missile weapons in the Pacific theater of operations is considered by the White House as mechanisms for exerting additional pressure on the PRC.

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ON THE ISSUE OF IDENTITY AS A FACTOR OF NATIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION OF JAPAN

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article addresses a currently relevant problem of identity in Japanese society. According to the authors of the article, in the conditions of constant threats from the growing processes of globalization, identity in Japan is a factor of national self-determination. The issue of preserving the Japanese national and cultural identity, which is one of the key problems of modern Japanese society, has its own specifics that differ from the societies of other countries. The current study demonstrates the aspects that contribute to the successful adaptation of traditional Japanese society to modernizing innovations from the “outside world”, and, as a result, to the successful development of the country and the strengthening of its status in the international arena. The study relies on the major research, approaches and theories of sociologists and political scientists.

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ENVIRONMENTALLY SAFE DEVELOPMENT OF MARITIME ACTIVITIES IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The sea resources require protection and rational, considerate use. Compliance with the principles of environmental safety in the conduct of marine economic activities is an integral part of the sustainable development policy. The international programs reflect the sectoral principles of international environmental cooperation. They are most fully codified in the draft International Covenant on Environment and Development, which was developed in 1995 by experts of the International Council on Environmental Law. The Russian Federation ensures the protection of the aquatic environment at the legislative level and develops programs for the protection and rational use of marine resources. The regulatory and legal programs have also been adopted for practical implementation. For example, the “Strategy for the Development of Maritime Activities of the Russian Federation until 2030” while the Maritime Doctrine of the Russian Federation takes into account the main problems of maritime activity and considers the prospects for its development. Effective protection of marine resources requires concerted international action. Therefore, the development and adoption of a number of regulatory legal acts and monitoring their implementation is an important area of environmental policy.

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STRATAGEMS OF EXPORTING EDUCATION TO CHINA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN PANDEMIC AND POST-PANDEMIC

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The current article discusses the identification of new competitive and popular forms of promotion of educational services of Russian universities in the Chinese market.

The analysis demonstrates that the increasing international competition for the market of educational services contributes to the development of all models of export of Russian higher education on the territory of China: internal internationalization, joint educational programs, the institutional presence of Russian educational organizations abroad, online education, university networking.

The conducted research allowed the author to confirm the hypothesis that the increasing global competition provides an incentive for universities to enter previously undeveloped age ranges and social groups of the market. The promotion of universities to the Chinese educational market has become possible through such tools and methods as participation in life-learning education programs, systematic support for associations and the Russian student associations operating in the territory of the People’s Republic of China as well as the use of trending Chinese mobile applications. The Russian universities can utilize the materials of the article in the development and implementation of stratagems for the export of educational services to China.

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NEW MEDIA AS A MODERN COMMUNICATION ENVIRONMENT FOR INTERACTION BETWEEN MASS MEDIA AND ITS AUDIENCE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

Because of the increasing influence of new media, the traditional communication system is undergoing a period of transformation. This is due to the fact that the blogosphere and social networks combine the possibilities of the digital world and wide access to the media with universal coverage. As of today, new media have become the main element of the communication environment, and the axis of the communication process is the consumer.

The modern communication environment is characterized by its content redundancy. This challenges new media and traditional media to search, filter, and interpret information. These activities should be carried out in conjunction with the use of interactive multimedia narratives and the distribution of content across a wide range of channels. Such a scenario of public communication provides the mass media with the opportunity to update their professional tasks and rethink the changing nature of the media.

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XI JINPING’S DIRECTION OF FOREIGN POLICY: A COURSE FOR CHINA’S LEADERSHIP IN THE NEW WORLD ORDER?

Posted in 2021, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The present article addresses a relevant topic of the analysis of China’s modern foreign policy strategy. The study puts emphasis on the analysis of the inextricable historical ties of the fundamental aspects of Chinese traditional culture and contemporary political course of the PRC, which is based on the conceptual views of China’s President, XI Jinping, and the course of internal and external political development of the country determined at the fifth plenary session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC that took place in Beijing from October 26 to 29 2020. Xi Jinping makes it clear that the future world order of the new decade, from China’s perspective, should be more in line with China’s national interests and values. The author examines the primary directions of development of the People’s Republic of China at the start of the new decade. Despite the appreciation of traditional approaches, there is a paradoxical pattern in the modern Chinese foreign policy, which is China’s active political aspirations in the struggle for leadership. Will Beijing hold on to the traditional approaches or will it completely change the direction of its foreign policy?

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MANIFESTING ETHNO-POLITICAL CONFLICTS IN THE NORTH CAUCASIAN REGION: PRACTICE OF IMPLEMENTATION AND WAYS OF SOLUTION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article examines conflict-generating situations relevant for the North Caucasus. It is shown that most of the symptomatic conflicts based on ethnicity are historically conditioned, which makes them difficult to solve. High level of political engagement of ethnicity, haste of decisions, ill-considered political statements, failure to take into account the social sentiment of the population, as well as ignoring the psychological trauma of historical memory lead to a socio-political crisis, increase in social tension and mass protests. In these conditions, non-systemic opposition and political emigration are becoming more prominent, which further escalate conflicts and strengthen ethno-political and ethno-confessional confrontation. The conclusion is made about the necessity for regional authorities and local self-government bodies to build a constructive dialogue with public organizations, civil society institutions in order to prevent the escalation of ethno-political tension and find ways of the most efficient resolution of “suspended” conflicts.

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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF STUDYING SOCIAL MEDIA

Posted in 2014, Issue November 2014, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

Article is devoted to a phenomenon of social networks to which public and scientific interest sharply increased in recent years. Through analysis of different theoretical principles and concepts, the study seeks to reveal: how did the theoretical understanding of this phenomenon in foreign and domestic science, what were the predictions for the different stages and what is their status at this stage. The author considers social media in various concepts: information, sociological, politological, philosophical, linguistic. As a result, all researches (considered in this work) were conditionally divided on into 3 groups: researches of representatives of “the media theory”, researches of network communities as sociocultural phenomenon, research of a political component of social media.

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STUDENT EXCHANGE AS THE INSTRUMENT OF SOFT POWER EXEMPLIFIED BY ERASMUS+ PROGRAM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The authors analyse the effectiveness of student exchange programs such as Erasmus+ as an instrument of “soft power”.

The article has the purpose of identifying the prospects opening up for Russia and Russian students taking part in student exchange and internship programs. The subject of the research is the learning program “Erasmus+”.

The results of the study conducted in 2019 among students and graduates of higher educational institutions who studied under the Erasmus+ program are presented. As a result of the author’s survey, it is demonstrated that soft power is a new resource for state leadership and an instrument for the development of the cultural and moral values in the modern world younger generation. The authors concluded that educational programs contribute to the promotion of the cultural values of the host state, the formation of the state’s image abroad and the consolidation of its position on the world stage.

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THE PROBLEMS OF BUILDING A MODERN POSITIVE IMAGE OF MEXICO

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The problem raised in the article is very topical due to the fact that the image of the state is a practical information concept formed according to the impact of natural factors, a system of developed strategies and a certain information policy of specialized structures. This aspect deserves special attention in terms of its research, since it is important for any actor in the world politics to realize the importance of projecting their image on the international audience. The purpose of the research of this article is to consider the negative barriers in building an image of Mexico, which significantly restrict the transition to the positive image of the state that is viewed by the author. To identify the problems of positive image building of Mexico, the author has analyzed international indexes and the components of Mexican culture (media, TV series).

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EDUCATION SERVICES MARKET AS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC SYSTEM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

This paper is devoted to the study of the educational services market within the framework of a systematic approach, involving the selection of a whole complex of interrelated elements. The authors have identified its main segments and participants, as well as the distribution of customer, manufacturer, and consumer roles in the education market, and analyzed the interaction between them at the micro, macro, and mega levels. The state acts as the main actor, and a link between the other participants in the educational space is emphasized.

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APPROACHES TO THE TERM “REGIONAL GOVERNANCE”

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

Processes of regional development become more and more important with the increasing role of regions in evolution of international community and in states’ activities. In modern world politics these processes are inseparable from steering processes. The issue of who exactly and at what level should solve urgent for the whole world development problems becomes thorny. Studying the phenomenon of regional development one can observe particular differences in approaches, related to special features of political schools and development of phenomenon as such in different parts of the world. Regional governance is an integral part of modern life, its studying presents the whole new field of scientific knowledge put into practice and increasing in its significance.

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SOME ASPECTS OF RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN RELATIONS

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

This article discusses some aspects of modern Russian-Ukrainian relations, as well as a number of reasons that led to disruption of trade and economic relations between Russia and the EU.

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EDUCATION ROLE IN FORMATION OF POLITICAL PREFERENCES OF YOUTH

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

This article is devoted to the role of education in shaping political preferences of young people, problems of political culture and state youth policy in the modern information space. Examples of factors influencing the formation of political culture are given, and the relationship between political culture and political preferences is highlighted. Based on empirical research, the role of education in shaping young people ‘s political preferences is shown. The article provides statistics on the participation of young people in political life, provides a comparative description of the participation of young people in political life in the late 1990s early 2000s in Russia and currently. The analysis of documents regulating youth policy, education and education in Russia was carried out, as well as examples of practical implementation of these documents were given.

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NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS OF KAZAKHSTAN: LEGAL FOUNDATIONS OF THEIR OPERATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The topic of the operation of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) of Kazakhstan is relevant, though poorly studied in the domestic political science. The article analyzes some of the legal foundations of the activities of Kazakh NGOs, and namely: legislative framework, definition, organizational and legal forms and directions of activities of NGOs, their accounting and control by the state. The author comes to the conclusion that there is no special law regulating the work of NGOs in Kazakhstan. Certain aspects of the topic are highlighted in national regulations on the non-profit sector and the state social order. At the same time, amendments containing modern legal norms for the work of NGOs in the country began to be introduced into the legislation from the end of 2015. It is from this moment that the modern stage of the development of the non-governmental sector starts. It is characterized, first of all, by the fact that the very definition of a non-governmental organization is given, organizational and legal forms and directions of NGO’s activity, the procedure for their accounting and control by state bodies are described in the law. The state has created an electronic database of NGOs for the practical implementation of the adopted legislative amendments and coordination of the activities of NGOs in general, where the latter must submit information about themselves in accordance with the approved rules.

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RESPONDING TO ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND CLIMATE CHANGE TO ENSURE LIVELIHOODS FOR ETHNIC MINORITIES IN VIETNAM TODAY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 04(94) April 2020, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

Environmental degradation and climate change (ED and CC in short) are happening fast, strongly and unpredictably in Vietnam, which has been identified as one of the five countries most heavily affected by the current situation. Vietnam is a country with 53 ethnic minorities living in highland, remote and disadvantaged areas. *Due to low education levels, the limited resources for ED and CC response, the Government and international assistance are still inadequate. Therefore, the ethnic minority communities in Vietnam are facing great threats both economically and socially. Responding to ED and CC in ethnic minority areas needs the active participation of the State, the community and the world.

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IN INTERESTS OF REVOLUTION

Posted in 2014, Issue August 2014, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

In this article the main revolutionary processes in the modern world are analyzed, questions of their growth and estimated consequences are brought up. Assumptions of the purposes of destabilization of the world by means of incitement of revolutions are stated. Frequency of the arising revolutions and their extensive geography suggests ideas of communication of all happening revolutions among themselves. It in turn generates a number of assumptions of a role and the purposes of all revolutions happening lately.

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DEVELOPMENT OF USA MIADLEESEST STATDEGY: PAST AND PRESENT

Posted in 2014, Issue July 2014, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article considers evolution of the concepts and doctrines of US foreign policy towards the Middle East. Each US administration evaluates the international developments from the point of national interests. However, the global problems in particular terrorism and radical extremist needs from the Unites States search new approaches based on the common ground.

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MEXICO OF TODAY: FRANCHISING AS A METHOD OF SUPPORTING SMALL-SCALE BUSINESS

Posted in 2014, Issue July 2014, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article considers economic, social and political reasons of neo-liberal reforms in Mexico, the contents of the “National Franchising Programme”, its main results, perspectives of franchising development in small-scale business, intensification of the “National Franchising Programme”as one of the methods to solve social problems in Mexico.

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