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POLITICAL SCIENCE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

SEPARATIST MOVEMENTS IN TODAY’S FRANCE

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

In the 21st century, the modern world has to face the phenomenon of separatism on a completely new level. Separatism as an extreme form of national self-determination is an indicator of the current crisis of nation-states. Despite the steady pursuit of the democratization of political institutions and the general welfare of most European States, France is often the focus of ethnic tensions. Along with the radical orientation of the Corsican national movement, there is an emergence of national movements that seek to decentralize the French administrative system and preserve the cultural identity of a particular region, such as Brittany, Alsace, and Occitania.

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“DATONG”, THE CONFUCIAN IDEAL SOCIETY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

This article is an analysis of the concept of “Datong society” in Confucian political thought. The article examines the historical and cultural prerequisites for the creation of the concept under study, the experience of the philosopher, the nature of his thoughts and the important influence on the modern political culture of China. Since Confucius formulated the basic meaning of “Datong” before Plato’s “The Republic”, the author of the artice intends to compare and analyze the differences between the two philosophers. The result of the study proves that the “Datong Society” is the highest ideal society or the highest stage of human society, which Confucianism argues for. His proposal has had an important impact on the politics, culture and economy of China from antiquity to the present day.

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CONFUCIUS’ POLITICAL THOUGHTS IN THE ANALECTS (LUN YÜ)

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The current study conducts an analysis of Confucius’ political thoughts in the book The Analects, which was written by the philosopher’s students. The author analyzes the political environment of the emergence of Confucian thought. Based on the interpretation of the work under study, Confucius’ political thoughts are mainly embodied in three aspects: “to be a human being in accordance with humanity”, “to govern the country with the help of li” and “to govern the country on the basis of moral norms”. The article examines the three main trajectories of Confucius’ political thought of governing the country on the basis of moral norms: “the ruler needs to correct himself, set an example to his subordinates”, “choose and recommend talented and humane” and “govern the country with the help of laws”. Also, the article analyzes the influence of the important role of The Analects on the state governance policy in modern China. The study proves that by taking “ren” (humanity), “li” (etiquette), and “te” (morality) as a basis, Confucian political thoughts have had a significant impact on the Chinese social environment from antiquity to the present day.

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POLITICAL MYTH DESIGN AS A TECHNOLOGY OF MANIPULATION OF PUBLIC CONSCIOUSNESS: A THEORETICAL ASPECT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The authors examine political myth design as a political technology aimed at manipulating and controlling public consciousness with the help of mass media. The article highlights the features and reasons for the use of this technology in the political sphere as well as provides a number of principles, according to which a political myth design constructs the necessary product. The paper focuses on mythological techniques that are actively used in the process of political myth design. This article analyzes and systematizes the material on this issue, expands the approach to the study of this topic, and is valuable in the context of its theoretical use.

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PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM: SPANISH MASS MEDIA COMMUNICATION DURING THE TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article deals with practical aspects of the structural functionalism of the theory of mass communication. The structure of Spanish mass media is analyzed in terms of their functioning during the transition to democracy.

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ON SOME OF THE TRENDS IN MODERN POLITICAL CONSULTING: THE RUSSIAN CONTEXT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article discusses political consulting as one of the activities of modern specialists in the field of rendering services for drafting projects, models, providing professional advice in the political sphere. The purpose of this study is to highlight the trends of modern political consulting in the Russian context.

The practical significance of the research lies in the opportunity to get acquainted with the peculiarities of Russian political consulting in the modern political market. The research may be of scientific interest to teachers, as well as students studying in the fields of political science, public relations.

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THE UK AND THE EUROPEAN UNION IN SEARCH OF A NEW POLITICAL IDENTITY

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article dedicated to the contemporary state and systemic political issues at the political dialogue between the United Kingdom and the European Union, where is a difficult and serious cold period, which providing a real reason for a real stagnation for the many sphere. According to the author, the main reason of this process is a principally parallel elite understanding of development for society, national state, integration and global process as a whole in the new, changing world – both on the level of ruling national elite – in Britain and in the leading EU Member states, Germany and France.

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ASPECTS OF THE FORMATION OF GEOSTRATEGIES OF MODERN STATES IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION PROCESSES

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article deals with the current geopolitical situation and the aspects of the development of geopolitical strategies of states in the context of globalization. The authors of the article pay attention to the changing situation in the international arena in the context of the coronavirus pandemic and make an attempt to predict the further development of society. The purpose of this study is to identify the aspects of the formation of geostrategic plans of modern states in the context of changing political realities.

Research methods include structural-functional and systemic. These methods allowed for examining the specifics of modern world politics, the structure, and functions of political actors at the level of international relations. The practical significance of the research lies in the possibility of using the results at humanities seminars in higher educational institutions, and in the future when making recommendations for both federal and regional authorities.

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SMART CITY: THREE QUESTIONS FROM POLITICAL SCIENTISTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article features an original type of study: an adapted version of a multi-author monograph. Each section of the article is at the same time an independent study performed using an original methodology and source base and, at the same time, a link dedicated to a common goal – to highlight the topic of the “Smart City” through the formulation of problematic issues that are easily overlooked when looking at the object exclusively through the lens of any specific discipline. Unfortunately, the implementation of projects of such scale does not always follow the planned trajectory due to a number of technical or conceptual problems that require comprehensive research and solutions, and it is precisely the importance for the future development of mankind that determines the choice of this direction. In their essence, the three sections of the article are inconvenient questions designed to implement the principle of reasonable doubt, which is key for modern science. The study summarizes the provisions of political philosophy, political psychology, law, economics, and management science in a meaningful and methodological way, in addition, the authors offer specific practical recommendations for adapting the concept of a “Smart City” in the context of Russian economic and socio-political reality.

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MAIN AREAS OF ACTIVITY OF MODERN NGOS – FOREIGN AGENTS IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article examines the activities of non-governmental organizations operating on the territory of the Russian Federation and representing one of the threats to the national security of the country. In the context of modern political challenges, non-governmental organizations that perform the functions of foreign agents are aimed at influencing protest sentiments in young people, and their online activities are not so much a factor in the development of democracy as a tool for destabilizing the political situation in the Russian Federation. Filled with content created by non-governmental organizations, the modern media landscape has become a field of political struggle aimed at destroying the integrity of Russia and creating contradictions within society.

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COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES FREE TRADE AREA: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

Currently, there is a tendency to increase the role of regionalization processes in the sphere of international relations. In this regard, the former republics of the USSR need to create an organization whose goal will be socioeconomic development and promotion of economic relations between the participating countries. Thus, the 2011 Free Trade Area Agreement was signed. Today, CIS FTA is a classic mechanism for building mutually beneficial relations with foreign trade partners while gradually becoming more and more a full-fledged trade and economic agreement.

The article examines the current problems of the functioning of CIS Free Trade Area. In particular, the author of the article analyzes the weaknesses of the FTA Agreement of 2011, the fundamental and regulatory legal regime within the framework of the Free Trade Area between the former USSR countries. The author defines the specifics of the impact of the crisis in the relations between Russia and the West on the implementation of the CIS FTA and, in part, addresses the issue of trade restrictions in Russia’s relations with Ukraine and Moldova. In addition, the article presents the prospects for further development and deepening of the CIS FTA.

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ON THE POSSIBILITY OF IMPLEMENTING CONFUCIANISM’S “PROPER CONDUCT” IN RULING A NATION IN MODERN CHINESE SOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The political thoughts of Confucius have been studied across the world from ancient times and up to the present day. This article is an analysis of the possibility of implementing Confucianism’s “proper conduct” in ruling a nation in relation to modern Chinese society, it emphasizes that the concept of “governing a country with the help of rules of proper conduct, etiquettes” was first proposed by the great thinker Confucius. The author examines the spiritual essence of “governing the country with the help of etiquette”, which includes governing with the help of moral norms and with the help of laws. The study also provides a description of three variants of combining the model of governance with the help of etiquette and the values of Western democracy along with conducting an analysis of the methods of governing in ancient China and in modern China in the 21st century. The study argues that “the management of the country by means of etiquette” must be dramatically transformed in order to link it with the construction of China’s socialist democracy.

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STRENGTHENING OF THE ALL-RUSSIAN IDENTITY AS A TREND OF DE-ETHNICIZATION OF SOCIOPOLITICAL LIFE IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS: AN EXPERT OPINION

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The current article deals the process of strengthening the all-Russian identity in the North Caucasus as a direction of de-ethnicization of regional political processes. The strengthening of the all-Russian identity in the structure of the identities of the residents of the North Caucasian Federal District is carried out by various actors. To clarify them, the study conducted an expert survey, among which federal authorities, mass media, educational and cultural institutions were named the most significant. The experts believe that the joint actions of the key actors in the formation of an all-Russian identity based on patriotism can lead to inter-ethnic harmony and de-ethnicization of political life in the North Caucasus region.

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AN INTERPRETATION OF THE “SOFT POWER” MODEL BY THE RUSSIAN POLITICAL SCIENCE

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The following article analyzes the modern interpretations of the “soft power” model of the Russian foreign policy in the domestic discourse. In this regard, the study raises the question of the original interpretation of the term “soft power”, its introduction into scientific circulation, and transformation within modern foreign policy realities. Furthermore, the article provides various examples that trace the influence of the reformation of the soft power of Russian diplomacy on the reaction of Western countries. The purpose of the article is to examine the definition of “soft power“ in the domestic political science discourse with the goal of understanding the changes it underwent from the period of its creation to the current crisis stage.

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BUSINESS IN PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article deals with business as an actor of public diplomacy. The article examines the ways of indirect and direct involvement of business in public diplomacy. Indirect involvement is manifested in doing business, participating in global business exchanges, and implementing corporate social responsibility practices. Direct involvement is exercised through participating in specialized public agencies, implementing joint projects with public authorities, and developing one’s own non-profit organizations.

At the same time, the involvement of business in public diplomacy is viewed differently and can be considered as a tool for pursuing the goals and objectives of the company or that of public authorities. In case of deterioration of intergovernmental relations, there may be obstacles to the participation of business in public diplomacy, as happened with some Russian businessmen.

As a result, the reader will get an idea of business as a full-fledged actor of public diplomacy and the restrictions that it faces.

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EXPLICATION OF XI JINPING’S CONCEPT OF THE “COMMUNITY OF COMMON DESTINY FOR MANKIND” AS A PHILOSOPHY OF EURASIAN DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №3 (105) March 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The current article discusses the origins of the formation of Xi Jinping’s concept of “the community of common destiny for mankind”. In November 2012, at the XVIII Congress of the CPC, the Chinese political leader presented to the world the concept of “a new type of international relations”, which is based on the theory of the “the community of common destiny for mankind”. Having learned the lessons of ancient history and deeply revered national traditions, the leaders of the People’s Republic of China put forward a foreign policy strategy designed to bring the peoples of the world closer together and achieve universal prosperity. The topic chosen by the authors for the study presents significant relevance due to the global geopolitical confrontation between the collective West and the People’s Republic of China that has developed at the present stage of international relations. The authors of the study focus on the analysis of the inseparable historical connection between the fundamental staples of Chinese traditional culture and the modern political course of the People’s Republic of China.

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THE 2020 CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM IN RUSSIA: PROSPECTS FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE PARTY-POLITICAL SPECTRUM AND NEW TRENDS IN INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

2020 will be remembered by many as a period of discussions and substantial decisions in the field of further development of the political system. One of the trends was the active changes in the Constitution, which was adopted by the people of Russia on December 12, 1993 and has not been seriously amended since then. The author of the article studies the current impact of the adopted legal innovations on the upcoming 2021-2024 electoral process and attempts to look at these events not from the legal perspective, but rather from the position of the political forecast of the country’s development.

An electronic survey of twenty regional experts with the help of the Google-Forms program hardware provided answers to 40 questions that cover important aspects of the development of civil society, party and political situation, constitutional reform and electoral prospects in Russia in 2021-2024.

The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Expert Institute for Social Research within the framework of the scientific project No. 20-011-32080.

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US NAVAL PRESENCE IN THE INDO-PACIFIC IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBAL STRATEGY ON FOREIGN POLICY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

In the mid-2010s, the agenda of international relations, the key aspect of which is the problems of military and political rivalry with the major powers of the world, returned to the list of priorities of the US military politics. At this period of time, the Pentagon announced the implementation of the”Third Offset Strategy”. On account of this strategy, the United States has moved away from the activities of the previous two decades, when the emphasis was on the ability of the US armed forces to virtually perform policing function in order to “establish democracy” in weak states and to force governments to fight various rebel groups. The withdrawal of the United States of America from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in February 2019 is largely due to the desire to expand Beijing’s arsenal of military deterrence. The deployment of such missile weapons in the Pacific theater of operations is considered by the White House as mechanisms for exerting additional pressure on the PRC.

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ON THE ISSUE OF IDENTITY AS A FACTOR OF NATIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION OF JAPAN

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article addresses a currently relevant problem of identity in Japanese society. According to the authors of the article, in the conditions of constant threats from the growing processes of globalization, identity in Japan is a factor of national self-determination. The issue of preserving the Japanese national and cultural identity, which is one of the key problems of modern Japanese society, has its own specifics that differ from the societies of other countries. The current study demonstrates the aspects that contribute to the successful adaptation of traditional Japanese society to modernizing innovations from the “outside world”, and, as a result, to the successful development of the country and the strengthening of its status in the international arena. The study relies on the major research, approaches and theories of sociologists and political scientists.

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ENVIRONMENTALLY SAFE DEVELOPMENT OF MARITIME ACTIVITIES IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, Issue № 02(104) February 2021, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The sea resources require protection and rational, considerate use. Compliance with the principles of environmental safety in the conduct of marine economic activities is an integral part of the sustainable development policy. The international programs reflect the sectoral principles of international environmental cooperation. They are most fully codified in the draft International Covenant on Environment and Development, which was developed in 1995 by experts of the International Council on Environmental Law. The Russian Federation ensures the protection of the aquatic environment at the legislative level and develops programs for the protection and rational use of marine resources. The regulatory and legal programs have also been adopted for practical implementation. For example, the “Strategy for the Development of Maritime Activities of the Russian Federation until 2030” while the Maritime Doctrine of the Russian Federation takes into account the main problems of maritime activity and considers the prospects for its development. Effective protection of marine resources requires concerted international action. Therefore, the development and adoption of a number of regulatory legal acts and monitoring their implementation is an important area of environmental policy.

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