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POLITICAL SCIENCE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

CROWDSOURCING AND PUBLIC RELATIONS AS THE FACTOR OF PUBLIC POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIAN AND WORLD PRACTICE AT PRESENT STAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

This article examines the problem of the relationship between crowdsourcing and public relations in the context of modern public policy development.

Thanks to the research conducted by A.A.Ukhtomsky and I.L.Vikentiev, the article clarifies the features of public behavior on the example of performance art, which must be taken into account in the process of public policy implementation.

The author comes to the conclusion that crowdsourcing as a global political technology and public relations as a science have become important factors in the development of modern public policy. They give it new qualities associated with global communication, destroy traditional boundaries of understanding each other’s actors and create the conditions for the multi-variance of decisions that bring it (public policy) to a completely different level of development.

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CONTENT ANALYSIS OF PUBLICATIONS IN THE YAKUT INTERNET MEDIA ON THE TOPIC OF “RALLIES AGAINST CORRUPTION IN RUSSIA”

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article presents the results of content analysis for the purpose of studying the publications in the Yakut Internet media on the topic of “Rallies against Corruption in Russia.” 8 of the largest Yakut news websites were selected, including 3 state and 5 independent websites. The time interval for conducting content analysis encompasses March 2, 2017 – May 7, 2017. It was a period of active rallies throughout Russia. In total, 82 publications in the Yakut Internet media were selected and analyzed, 1113 mentions were found. It is revealed that the Yakut Internet media basically keep a neutral stance regarding the coverage of rallies against corruption; they represent both Russian news and regional news. The topic of the rallies turned out to be relevant among the users of the Yakut Internet media and caused discussions in the comments under publications.

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COMPARISON OF RUSSIA’S AND THE US FORCES IN ASEAN

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

ASEAN is an association of states with a population of more than 626 million people and GDP growth of 5.4% [16]. South-East Asia is a region where countries have their own values and a common point of view concerning the implementation of the concept of good-neighborliness. This region was one of the few where Russia and the US fought for the realization of their interests. The economic potential of this region is significant for the Russian military market. Russia and the United States are looking for new opportunities to develop their bilateral cooperation with each country in South-East Asia in terms of both defense and technology. Russian nuclear technology not only represents economic value for Russia, but is also one of the directions of Russia’s foreign policy aimed at helping the region, as well as new polar countries to gain self-sufficiency. The stronger the state power is the sooner the balance of power is created, where each country will control another one, respect the presence and interests of other states.

Intensive policy of Russia and the United States in Southeast Asia can be characterized by broad activities and cooperation of both countries with the ASEAN countries, both on bilateral basis and in the context of regional cooperation. Intensive politics and cooperation have become a certain parameter of intimacy and relations between the countries and have acquired an important role of the state in the region. Next, there will be a comparison of the number, type and effectiveness of programs for cooperation between Russia and the United States with the ASEAN countries. If there is such a comparison, the interest of both countries in ASEAN will be known.

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SOLUTION AND PREVENTION OF THE PROBLEM OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN THAILAND ON THE BASIS OF INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL COOPERATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the problem of human trafficking in the countries of the South-East Asia region. The paper analyzes the role of Thailand and regional organizations, especially ASEAN, in solving the problem of human trafficking. Much attention is paid to the interaction of ASEAN and Thailand in solving the problem of human trafficking. It is established that the solution of the problem in Thailand and in the region is possible only through the development of full-fledged international cooperation and inter-organizational interaction in this field.

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ROLE OF NON-REGIONAL STATES IN THE CASPIAN SEA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the influence of non-regional players (China, USA and EU) on the internal development of the states of the Caspian region and main features of their mutual relations in the complex legal status of the Caspian Sea. The role, ways of influence and interests of each of these players in the Caspian region are considered. The author concludes that the presence of external players negatively affects the stability of the region as the situation in the region depends not only on internal contradictions, but also on the relationship between the global players (EU, US, China, and Russia) in general.

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SYNERGETIC EFFECT OR A CONFLICT OF INTERESTS BETWEEN TARGET CLIENT SEGMENTS OF A TERRITORY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The competition between cities and regions in the 90s of the twentieth century has changed the nature of the regional and municipal government. The mechanisms of a one-sided impact of state sector on the private sector have become unproductive. A state administration should become more flexible, interact with social and business structures, in order to solve social problems, create opportunities, and strengthen the institutions aimed at the development of a city and a society as a whole. The policy aimed at the satisfaction of the interests of the stakeholders of a territory, namely: population, business structures, investors, visitors can lead to conflicts. In terms of promoting a territory, governments should set the goal on achieving a synergistic effect, by satisfying the interests of several stakeholders, interacting with different stakeholders.

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SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION COMPONENT OF IDEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS OF POLITICAL RHETORIC AMONG LEADERS OF PRC IN XXI CENTURY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

In this article, the author singles out the main features of the information and communication component of ideological concepts of “harmonious society,” “Chinese dream,” “one belt and one path” of the top leadership of the PRC within the ideology of “socialism with the Chinese characteristics” with the help of semantic analysis. The role of ideology in contemporary political discourse of China is studied; its facets are singled out.

The author comes to the conclusion that semantic analysis of the concepts of “harmonious society,” “Chinese dream,” “one belt and one path” demonstrate a connection between the political strategy and the information and communication components of these concepts, conditioned by the peculiarities of the Chinese language.

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IMAGE OF THE ENEMY AS A “SOFT POWER” TOOL

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article contains the author’s interpretation of such tools of soft power as intellectual patterns and cognitive temptations, which play a significant role in the process of legitimizing power and are still relevant in the construction of the “image of the enemy,” due to its cognitive stability and universality. Instrumentality of intellectual patterns manifests itself in the interpretation of various moral and practical concepts, the distribution of which in the mass consciousness occurs through the media with the help of cognitive temptations, which present a system of interrelated stereotypes that guide the search logic of ordinary consciousness.

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STRATEGY OF KEEPING POLITICAL LEADER’S ACCOUNT (ON THE EXAMPLE OF PROFILES OF PARLIAMENTARY PARTIES LEADERS IN SOCIAL NETWORK “VKONTAKTE”)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

Nowadays social networks are able to gather an audience comparable to the audience of the traditional media. That is why it is impossible to neglect this channel of communication for a political leader. Many political forces use social networks for the purpose of propaganda and informational influence on the population. As a concept that describes quantitative and qualitative characteristics and the direction of the development of a politician’s account, the authors offer to use the term “account management strategy.” The paper discusses the strategies for keeping the accounts of the leaders of the four parliamentary parties of the Russian Federation and namely Dmitry Medvedev, Gennady Zyuganov, Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Sergei Mironov in the social network “VKontakte.” We conducted comparative analysis of these accounts on such criteria as content, audience coverage and involvement. The aim of the work is to find the most efficient strategy for keeping an account of a political leader in the social network “Vkontakte.”

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INTERCONNECTION OF THE CONCEPTS “GREEN” ECONOMY, “GREEN” GROWTH AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper examines the interconnection and general aspects of such concepts and definitions as “green” economy, “green” growth and sustainable development that are offered by a number of international organizations, such as UNEP, UNCSD, EEA, OECD and UNESCAP. The variety of explanations of the “green” economy and related concepts leads to different points of view on this phenomenon. As a part of the study, the author offers the own comprehensive definition of the “green” economy, which can be used by profile institutions and researchers.

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POLITICAL DIALOGUE IN TERMS OF “EXTENDED BIPOLARITY”

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article considers a possible way of international relations’ development. The authors believe that since the collapse of the bipolar world, which existed in the times of the Cold War, no solid system of international relations has been formed. The tentative unipolarity with the USA at the head cannot guarantee the world community long-term security. At the same time a true multipolar world can hardly be formed in the near future, as no country alone is capable of competing with the American leverage. The article suggests a hypothesis that new centers of power made up of several states will be formed around common ideologies or political and economic interests. These might once again divide countries into two competing camps, forging the so-called “extended bipolarity”. The role of Russia in the new system is yet to be defined.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE “THIRD SECTOR” AS ONE OF THE METHODS TO INCREASE SUSTAINABLE CITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIZHNEKAMSK

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article studies the potential of non-profit organizations to solve, some pressing urban problems with the help of authorities, to perform civil control functions and to form human capital assets. In order to reach all of these goals, the “third sector” has to be numerous and stable. However, NPOs in Nizhnekamsk have not yet reached this state. So far, this sector is small and local. Its volunteer base is being formed. The main positive aspects of NPOs in Nizhnekamsk are trust-based relations of NPOs with municipal authorities and the potential of organisations for further development.

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BRICS IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE MODERN WORLD ORDER

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

BRICS – the transnational association of states considered in the paper is a new political format in the development of the multidimensionality of the modern globalization conditions. The study of various aspects of the transregional development of the modern political institution represented by the BRICS Union is due to the fact that the mechanism of its development depends not only on economic interest, but also on the political conditions for the stability of the regional interaction of its members.

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FOOD SECURITY POLICY IN ANTIQUE ERA: HISTORIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The aim of the article is to examine food security policy in antique era. Historical and philosophical examples (taken from the biography of the nomarch of Antilopium noma “Ameni,” the ideal state of Plato, the Bread Laws of Kherson Tavrichesky and the institution of slavery at the model villa of Marc Porcia Catonis), illustrate that such policy was carried out in ancient states. As a result of comparative analysis, the author, one of the first ones in domestic and foreign literature, shows how the controlling body supported socially vulnerable categories of citizens by means of distributing grain and bread. It intensified agriculture, which helped to avoid hunger and stimulate employment. Trade duties were abolished while the import and export of certain kinds of goods were simultaneously banned. Trade and economic blockades were practiced, as the first attempts of food isolation in history.

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TRENDS IN THE COOPERATION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE FIELD OF MILITARY AND NUCLEAR SECURITY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The research subject is the study of the interaction between the Russian Federation and people’s Republic of China on joint military security and nuclear safety in the context of contemporary international geopolitical tensions. Special attention is paid to the problems in establishing agreements in this area with the European States and Nations in the Asia-Pacific region.

This article addresses the historical aspects of cooperation between the two countries have already taken steps, as well as the prospects in that direction for the future.

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BRICS: RUSSIA’S INSTITUTIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXECUTING ASIA PACIFIC DIRECTION OF ITS POLICY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The focus on Russian Far East development announced by Russian president in 2013 and the turnaround of Russian foreign policy towards the East due to contemporary crisis of the system of international relations have created additional prerequisites for close integration between the Russian Federation and its Far Eastern constituent entities and APR countries. The author argues that the Russian Federation’s activity within the framework of BRICS, an internal institution with Russia having been its member for more than 10 years, fits well into the concept of its contemporary eastern policy. In the author’s opinion, given global tensions, BRICS’s institutional opportunities will promote the execution of Asia Pacific direction of Russian policy.

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NEWS COVERAGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The paper considers the monitoring of the news coverage of environmental policy in the media. Here the Russian Federation acts as the object of research. The article presents the essence of the concepts of “environmental information”, “environmental policy”, “environmental stress”. The author studied the important problems of the country: the problem of atmosphere, water areas, soil and landfill vulnerability. The ways to protect a particular area against the negative impact are proposed in the paper.

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AGRICULTURE OF THE PRIMORYE: AGRARIAN PERIPHERY OR COMPETITIVE SEGMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article studies agroindustrial complex’s state of the Primorye Territory in the context of socioeconomic development Asia-Pacific region. The authors consider the factors of interaction of agricultural enterprises of Primorye with partners from Asia Pacific and the prospects for such cooperation. The authors come to the conclusion that the most effective and appropriate for the Primorye Territory investments are not portfolio ones, but by the creation of joint ventures. For sustainable development of the sector it is required to develop infrastructure so that in the future it will become a competitive advantage in attracting portfolio investments.

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THE QUALITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION AS AN IMPORTANT ELEMENT OF THE SECURITY SYSTEM OF EDUCATION RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 2(56) February 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The study of conditions for the development of the modern economy, the basis of which stands a high level of skills of the workforce. Research statistics showed developed in recent years, the negative trends associated with an increase in the number of higher education institutions, including non-state, an increase of graduates is not demanded in the market labor, decrease the prestige of higher education, contributed to the need to improve its quality. The most promising ways to improve the quality of higher education, aimed at reducing the number of higher education institutions, the expansion of access to higher education and its convergence with science and the real economy, increasing competition in the field of education.

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SYMBOLS OF TRADITIONALIZM IN THE MODERN NATION- STATE IDENTITY OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 2(56) February 2017, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article describes the elements of traditions in the modern nation-state identity of Russia. The methodological base is politic and anthropogenic factor. The main methods are functional and typological type. The attribute to modern nation-state identity to “traditional” model is proved. The main traditional symbols stand out against a background and perspective forecast of the modern nation-state identity model take places for Russia.

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