Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS IN THE TRADITION OF NORMAN FAIRCLOUGH: SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article outlines the main characteristics of Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse studies; the feature of the method is shown in the paradigm of discourse analysis. The potential of the methodology for socio-philosophical research is revealed. The concept of discourse evolves in philosophical sciences. To understand the possibilities of its application, the ideas of M. Foucault, J. Lacan, Z. Freud, K. Marx, and L. Althusser should be taken into account. Norman Fairclough suggests that one can not only determine the features of social practices in different areas of life, study the mechanism of forming an identity, though a dynamic category, but also give technological effectiveness and empiricism to socio-philosophical analysis, which we find of primary importance.

Read More

THE CONCEPT OF “HUMAN NATURE”: ITS VALUE FOR MEDIA ANALYTICS RESEARCH ARTICLE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

There is an active search for a unifying methodological strategy for medialogy in the publications of recent years. The article notes that the proposed systematic approach has limitations as a synthetic methodology associated with its extreme generality. The article discusses the possibility of applying the concept of “human nature” as a methodology for studying the information environment and its impact on the audience. It is proposed to consider the relationship of media aggression and audience aggressiveness with regard to the essential properties of a person: pro-activity, subjectivity, freedom.

Read More

SOME ASPECTS OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF NATIONAL OSSETIAN COSTUME

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The image of the national Ossetian costume was formed as the image of the costume of a warrior, nomad, shepherd and epic singer. The rhetoric of the Alan costume was distinguished by utilitarian and functional properties, minimalism, and, at the same time, aesthetic sophistication. The constants of its construction are anthropomorphic, that is, the dimensions of the details of the costume must correspond to the contour of the figure, be close to its natural lines and repeat them, emphasizing the natural merits of the owner of the costume.

Read More

TO THE QUESTION OF CORRELATION BETWEEN THE CONCEPTS OF IDEOLOGY AND VALUE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Contrasting the concepts of “ideology” and “value” is wrong. They are closely interconnected and perform similar functions when it comes to building solidarity ties: horizontal (value), forming an ethnic group, vertical (ideology), building relations between the state and the citizen, and also historical and temporary bonds (ideology and values). The emphasis on values as a competitor to ideology is associated with the transformation of a nation-state into a state – a corporation that denies former personal and social forms of solidarity.

Read More

MORAL VIRTUES OF A DOCTOR

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this paper, the authors have examined and disclosed the central concept of doctor’s virtues, their fundamental role, which represents a positive moral property of a medical worker character, determined by his/her will and actions, as manifestations of the highest kindness, as well as concepts of compassion, mercy, courage, humanism, justice, tact, self-control, patience, altruism, etc. The main part highlights and discloses in detail the most important and significant (in our opinion) moral virtues of a doctor, which is supported by vivid examples and arguments. And also the authors conclude that much willpower, determination, and perseverance are important for each doctor in the cultivation and self-improvement of the aforementioned moral qualities.

Read More

FEMALE ISSUE IN P.N. TKACHEV’S PHILOSOPHY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the activities of the famous Russian publicist, P.N. Tkachev. The subject of this review is the understanding of the female issue by the thinker. The article reveals the views of P.N. Tkachev about the characteristics of women, their main differences from men, and highlights the reasons for these differences. Further, the socio-economic foundations of the unequal status of women in society are systematized, as well as the understanding of P.N. Tkachev’s contradictions that brought the female issue to life. Besides, the features of the position of women in Russia are traced, as well as the role that P.N. Tkachev assigned to them in building a fair society for the future.

Read More

THE CONCEPT OF SUFFERING IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE ANCIENT TAOISTS IN COMPARISON WITH CONFUCIANISM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the concept of suffering in the ancient Chinese philosophical tradition, relying primarily on the philosophical and religious movement of Taoism, as well as on the basic principles of Buddhism and the social, philosophical teachings of Confucius. A reference is made to the main sources and literature on this issue. The Confucian concept of human suffering based on social determinism is compared with the concept of Taoism and Buddhism based on the nature-determining factor in the existence of human suffering. Suffering is regarded from two points of view in the ancient Chinese philosophical tradition, which are comprehensively intertwined, but also suggest their own way out towards liberation from suffering. The first, Confucian, proceeds from the fact that a person must overcome suffering during their life in order to preserve good name, and the second, Taoist and Buddhist, urge a person to consider suffering as a test of strength, as the pursuit of natural bliss and perfection, the union of body and spirit.

Read More

RADICAL ISLAM AND CULTURAL HERITAGE: ORIGIN OF THE PROBLEM AND ITS MODERN PARAMETERS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 04(94) April 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article explores the main features of the attitude of the radical Islam groups to cultural heritage as numerous cultural monuments are located in places of the traditional Islam coverage. The motives and goals of actions aimed at pre-Islamic and Islamic cultural objects pursued by the representatives of radical Islamic movements are analyzed. An assumption is made concerning the reasons for the participation of various social actors in the destruction of cultural heritage. Conclusion is made about further development of the radical trend of Islam and its impact on the world community.

Read More

THE PROBLEM OF UTTERANCE AS THE INTERPRETATION STRATEGY OF THE NOTION OF «DISCOURSE» IN M.FOUCAULT’S PHILOSOPHICAL THEORY

Posted in 2014, Issue August 2014, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article seeks to interpretate the notion of discourse in M.Foucault’s philosophical theory on the basis of the problem of utterance he has identified in his book «Archaeology of Knowledge». A discourse is treated not as the product of speech practiсes but as the result of clarifying ontological relation between utterance and subject of utterance in the organized by them system of speech.

Read More

THE PLAYER AND GAMER: ESSENCE AND THE DIFFERENCE PARADIGMATIC AND SYNTAGMATIC LEVEL OF PERCEPTION OF MARKS

Posted in 2014, Issue July 2014, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article focuses on the establishment of semantic demarcation line between the concepts of the player and the gamer. To establish the difference helps semiotic analysis, which invades the neighbourhood, and kinship signs with other signs, evaluates the structural relationships, conflicts and establishing distinctions in relationships with other signs captures the difference of meaning

Read More

“DISCIPLINATORY SELF” IN THE FOCUS OF ETHICAL STOICISM

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The main goal of the article is to consider the problem of “self” as the subject of “proper life” in ethics. For this purpose, the author turned to the legacy of the Stoics, whose teachings are in demand again, especially when it comes to solving the problem of the integral cognitive subject, to overcoming prejudices and re-estimating errors, shaping the person’s own life position in the modern world of information and technology. In accordance with this goal, educational ideas that form the perceiver of “self-care” as an image that continues the stoic tradition are revealed.

Read More

FROM THE “FREEDOM” OF POST-MODERNITY TO THE RESPONSIBILITY AND WISDOM OF METAMODERNITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article considers the problem of the loss of responsibility and wisdom by modern society. It is shown that the philosophy of postmodernism creates a “lens effect,” reinforcing destructive trends in modern culture and contributing to such problems as the spread of corruption and the increase of global debt. In this regard, the need for a new type of culture is substantiated, it is claimed that metamodernity can serve as the transitional stage, as it provides an opportunity for the justification of the concept of wisdom, rethought in the context of modern problems.

Read More

SUPERHEROES IN A BIG CITY: PLACE OF METROPOLIS IN THE PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SUPERHERO PHENOMENON IN AMERICAN COMICS OF THE ХХ CENTURY

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses the connection between the personality of the superheroes of the golden and silver era of comics with the city they operate in. As a methodological base, the article uses historical and phenomenological methods, as well as the method of comparison. Authors see the city as an inseparable part of the superhero’s identity, along with the superpowers, a costume, and double identity. Only in the city can a superhero fulfill their potential and “save the whole world.” The very first superheroes appear in the city and from the moment of their appearance they act exclusively within its borders. The structure and nature of the city sets necessary conditions for the development of a whole range of situations and plots within them. The authors discuss the connection between the city and the superhero on the example of Batman and Spider-Man.

Read More

THE ONTOLOGICAL EXPLICATION OF MYTH AS A PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEM

Posted in 2014, Issue June 2014, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article shows that in previous periods of development of philosophical disciplines in the study of myth focus more on gnoseological rather than ontological issues. Problems, opportunities and ways to build the ontological analysis of the phenomenon of the myth are considered in it.

Read More

ROLE OF ADVERTISING IN PERSON SOCIALIZATION

Posted in 2019, Issue № 12(90) December 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the relevant issue of the advertising impact on human socialization processes. The author claims that the more vast is society’s informatization, the more dependent on advertising communications a person becomes. The influence of advertising on social processes is growing more and more extensive since it is part of the informational impact of the media. Advertising accompanies a person in the process of communication, helps him/her make a behavioral choice not only when making a purchase decision, but also when making decisions in different areas of public life. The author cites material that demonstrates the capabilities of advertising management in the process of influencing the consumer. It is argued that the greater is the influence of the media in society, the more prominent is the role of the impact of advertising on a human mind. Moreover, the author fundamentally emphasizes that advertising communication can play a positive role in socialization. For example, such needs as the need to familiarize oneself with cultural values, in education, in changing one’s social role, in information today are more often satisfied precisely through advertising as an intermediary between need and good.

Read More

PHILOSOPHIC ANALYSIS OF HIGHER ENGINEERING EDUCATION

Posted in 2014, Issue April 2014, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The philosophical analysis of quality of the higher engineering education assumes considerations at a categorical level that in the certain degree contradicts the pragmatical approach, as a satisfaction of needs of customers. The system – active approach which is offered as a basis of the philosophical analysis, gives the basis to understand the substantial characteristic under the quality of education, penetrating the whole educational process, connected with a set of public needs and the motivations, produced on a given piece of sociocultural time, on the basis of modern requirements and the successive attitude to the past.

Read More

THE INFLUENCE OF THE VIEWS OF V.DILTEY ON THE HERMENEUTICS OF M.HEIDEGGER

Posted in 2014, Issue April 2014, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article the problem of the possibility of understanding and comprehension of the spiritual integrity of man is considered on the basis of views of V.Diltey and M.Heidegger. The problem is connected with the possibility of achievement an absolute understanding of one other person in circumstances where the subject is not just understanding of the inner world of the individual, but also the external socio-cultural and historical context in which the person is inscribed. Innovation of the question in this way for the first time allow to get sight of the problem of the fundamental limitations and human historicity. This means that a person just because of the conditions of its existence is not able to answer the questions of a certain type. The question of the historicity of human existence and the possibility of achieving spiritual integrity within this limitation was placed by V.Diltey. Further, such an approach has been adopted and developed by M.Heidegger, who, however, has offered the option of considering the problem.

Read More

AN EVOLUTIONARY APPROACH TO SOLVING GLOBAL PROBLEMS

Posted in 2019, Issue № 11(89) November 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article considers an evolutionary approach to solving modern global problems, the main of which are as follows: climate change; threat of nuclear war; depletion of natural resources; environmental pollution; planet overpopulation; deterioration in the quality of nutrition, deterioration in human health, lack of an evolutionary model of social development, etc.

An evolutionary approach to solving global problems was developed in the mid-1930s by the great Russian sophist P.K. Ivanov. P.K. Ivanov proposed atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition as an evolutionary method for solving contemporary global problems. P.K. Ivanov believed that replacing even a very small part of the traditional diet with atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition would stop the increase in consumer demand and thereby reduce the anthropogenic burden on Nature (the natural environment, society and the inner world of a man), which would have a beneficial effect on the state of human health and natural system as a whole. Atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition will contribute to the formation of qualitatively new physical, mental, and intellectual abilities that will allow representatives of modern society to successfully adapt to rapidly changing environmental conditions and solve other closely related global problems.

P.K. Ivanov borrowed the idea of atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition from the religious-philosophical Christian dogma and examined it on a scientific basis. P.K. Ivanov considered a science as a social force capable of timely and correctly determine the direction of development of modern society, uniting and ideologically leading the peoples of the planet in solving the impending global problems. P.K. Ivanov highly appreciated the objectivity, reliability, and reproduction of scientific knowledge, its accessibility and the possibility of feasible, phased development. To implement the scientific meta-idea of atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition into the life of modern society, P.K. Ivanov created a scientific and philosophical doctrine consisting of a scientific and philosophical theory of “Evolution of Nature,” a methodology for teaching atmospheric nitrogen nutrition, experiment, and implementation. Thus P.K. Ivanov transferred the idea of atmospheric nitrogen nutrition from the religious and philosophical field to the scientific and philosophical, and then to the scientific and applied field.

The main objective of this article is to present readers with the history of the emergence of P.K. Ivanov; with the main ideas of the scientific and philosophical theory “Evolution of Nature”, developing a scientific and philosophical humanistic worldview and his main idea that a person is a creator of own life; with a scientific methodology for teaching atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition, intended for people who do not have for this hereditary (genetic) natural abilities; with the results of a scientific experiment lasting about fifty years; with the results of introducing a scientific methodology for teaching atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition in the life of modern society.

The outstanding scientific activities of P.K. Ivanov changed the stream of consciousness of modern people and shifted the focus of their creative activity from studying the outside world (macroworld) to studying the inner world of man (microworld), which has an amazing ability to feed in atmospheric nitrogen. Today, an increasing number of people are joining the scientific idea of atmospheric nitrogenous nutrition, considering it the greatest humane idea among all existing scientific ideas.

Read More

HISTORY OF RELATIONSHIP OF RATIONAL AND IRRATIONAL IN WORLDVIEW

Posted in 2019, Issue № 11(89) November 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper considers the categories of rational and irrational in the worldview, and their evolution, it reveals the dynamics of the formation and development of worldviews based on rational and irrational levels of the cognition process. Since ancient times, a man has thought about the world around, studying its structure and laws. A great desire to learn the secrets of the universe is the main component of the essence of man. The cognitive need of mankind is being implemented at the level of the worldview in certain sociocultural forms. The origins of the “research” tradition must be sought among the historical eras, which correspond to the individual image of the world, gradually taking shape in the picture of the world.

Read More

TO THE QUESTION OF WILL AND ACTION PART 2. DEITY OR MONKEY?

Posted in 2019, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses changes in views on human origin, the goals of human life and aspirations starting with ancient teachings and ending with modern views on the essence of life, the conclusions of Western and Eastern philosophers about what to devote your life to, how to direct your activities are given; Western and eastern values and approaches to human activity are compared; changes in the way human is viewed and the possibilities of human actions that occur over time in different eras are traced.

Read More