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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

CONSUMER CONSCIOUSNESS PHENOMENON IN THE CONTEXT OF THE WORLD DEBT PROBLEM

Posted in 2019, Issue №4(82) April 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the steady growth of world debt in its relationship with the phenomenon of consumer consciousness. The author analyzed the ratio of public debt to the size of the GDP of developed countries, as well as the average debt of households in these countries in relation to their annual income. The behavior of society during the acute phases of the debt crisis in Greece, Italy, and California in the United States are also analyzed. It is shown that the phenomenon of consumer consciousness has played a significant role in exacerbating this problem.

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VALUE CHARACTERISTICS OF NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT AND ITS REGIONAL FEATURES: CONCLUSIONS FOR KYRGYZSTAN

Posted in 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses dominant values of the New Public Management model taking into account the main features of its use in the countries of the West and Japan in order to make conclusions relevant to the public administration system in Kyrgyzstan. The experience of introducing New Public Management suggests that management is part of the common culture that is sufficiently resistant to changes from the outside, which makes artificial borrowing of management practices in developed countries problematic.

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SYMBOLIC DREAMS AND FOLK POETIC IMAGE OF KENENIM IN THE EPIC OF MANAS

Posted in 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article studies the language of dreams and heroic images of the Kyrgyz folklore as a means of fixing the ethnic worldview as a system for encoding and transmitting cultural and symbolic information. Appealing to folklore allows considering the interaction of ethnos and culture and, thereby, reconstruct the traditional world vision of the people, its emotional and evaluative characterization of reality and the system of values. The article discusses the prospect of the most effecient study of “Manas” through the interpretation of the symbolic dreams used in the epic and the folk-poetic images. It is emphasized that the phenomena of death and life in the epic are viewed in the context of the sacred symbolic reversibility.

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APPROACH TO RESEARCH OF EGOISM FROM PERSPECTIVE OF SPECIFIC ALL-GENERAL DEVELOPMENT THEORY

Posted in 2019, Issue №1(79) January 2019, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article considers the problem of the search for the most fundamental reasons for finding out the objective internal mechanism underlying egoism. The study of such a mechanism allows us to show an objective picture of the interrelations underlying the problem of egoism. The proposed solution to this problem is based on a specifically-universal theory of development and the concept of a specifically-universal. This paper shows how specifically the universal generates the most typical of the situations and meanings related to the problem of egoism.

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ECOLOGICAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND KANT’S ETHICS: ON THE IMPERMISSIBILITY OF CLONING EXTINCT FLORA AND FAUNA

Posted in 2018, Issue №12(78) December 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article attempts to answer a question, would it be reasonable and moral to revive extinct flora and fauna by cloning? The author considers the issue through a prism of I. Kant’s Ethics. Taking in account Kant’s representations on a secret plan of Nature, his explicit ideas on how should we act towards flora and fauna, and his reasoning on how should we act in a case of shortage of information, I conclude that the reviving of extinct flora and fauna is not reasonable.

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CREATIVE SELF-TRANSFORMATION: PRECONDITIONS, GRADES, CONSEQUENCES

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the dynamics of creative self-transformation of a person at different stages of cognitive interaction with the subject of interest. It is shown that within the framework of this process, the initial cognitive attitude changes from the isolating opposition “I/it” through the constructive dialogue “I – You” to the recognizing awareness “It is also me.” The logical-methodological, cognitive, social and cultural, complexity, and body-oriented approaches were used in the analysis. This allows us to consider the topic under study in a comprehensive manner, outlining a fairly wide range of factors that influence the effect of a significant dynamic in increasing the creative potential of an individual. This work shows why the self- and world-view transforms from opposition to constructive dialogue, and after this – to the full involvement of the individual in the process of interaction with the subject of interest, is creatively productive. The logic of what is happening at that crucial moment is revealed, when in the act of creativity, the status of the existing material appears to be new for the first time. Characterization of the interaction space is given when such a transformation becomes actualized from the potentially possible. It is revealed how it becomes possible that those beginnings that, with the dissociating position of the researcher, appear as independent and independently existing, in a transformed space of creative dynamics can evolve as a single, coherent whole, providing a solution to the original problem.

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ARCHEOLOGY OF POST-ANTHROPOLOGICAL THINKING

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The research analyses the conceptual lines of the so-called “post-anthropological” epoch of the end of the XX and the beginning of the XXI century, when, after the proclamation of the “death” of a man, subject, author, the idea of a person’s self-identity has been deformed by scientific and philosophical discourses, or has even been completely “erased,” as it was said by M. Foucault, as “a face drawn in sand at the edge of the sea.” The article discusses the problem of man in the original epistemological concept of M. Foucault’s “archeology,” the concept of “post-historical man” of A. Kozhev and its refraction in the concepts of “unemployed negativity” of J. Bataille and “experience-limit” of M. Blanchot. It turns out that the archeology of the post-anthropology paradigm based on the idea of the end of the history of mind, at the same time reveals the possibility of another arche thinking of a man based on the “history of insanity” understood as the truth of a man hidden in the history of the discourse of “reason” and “unreason”.

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EXISTENTIAL CRISIS IN MIRROR OF NOTHING: DIFFICULTIES OF ONTOPROJECTING

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article criticizes the basic attitudes of substantialism (in two versions of metaphysics of I. Kant and G. Hegel) from the point of view of their transformation in ontoprojection as a philosophical strategy (building a world outlook as a project uniting “a world around man” and the “man-designer of the world”). The non-constructiveness of the negation and representation of the Absolute, based on the negative self-determination-restriction, is shown in the perspective of the modern task of philosophy – overcoming the existential crisis.

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VIOLATION OF SOCIAL VALUES CONTINUITY IN PROCESS OF GENERAL DIALOGUE: DYNAMIC AND STATIC ASPECTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The process of social reproduction associated with the transfer of behavior models, values and vectors of development is extremely important for maintaining the stability and integrity of social structure. Young people are the most active, dynamically developing social group and the future of society largely depends on the characteristics of youth. The article analyzes the main problems associated with the implementation of the process of social reproduction. The importance of individualistic and collectivist social attitudes as factors of social traditions transfer is considered. Static and dynamic factors of continuity violation of social values transfer are determined. A general review of current trends in the development of society was conducted and priority directions for optimizing the situation were identified.

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ECOLOGICAL TECHNOSPHERE AS A MEDIUM OF SOCIAL AND NATURAL INTERACTION

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the ecological technosphere as a promising direction for building harmonious relationships between man and nature. The author touches upon the problem of social and natural development in the context of transformation of cultural values of modern civilization. Technical and technical activity of a person in the context of the technosphere has strengthened the ecological-economic and ecological-social situation. Initiation of prerequisites of formation of ecologically harmonized technosphere – an ecological technosphere results.

The perspective sphere of human activity considered by the author appeals to the transition from the anthropocentric paradigm of modern social development to the biospherecentric (ecosophic, coevolutionary). Thus, the environmental technosphere is interpreted as the defining stage in the process of building a new socio-cultural model of the way of life of human civilization, within which oppositely directed forces of stability and variability contribute to the evolution of the «technology-human-nature» system, a socioprogenic relationship.

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LONELINESS IN THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHICAL CULTURE

Posted in 2018, Issue №7(73) July 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to philosophical understanding of the phenomenon of loneliness. The author believes that this phenomenon is relevant not only to the existential, but also to the cultural and historical dynamics of the individual and society. The article reflects a historical digression into the study of the problem of loneliness in philosophy. The phenomenon of loneliness is considered on the example of creativity of specific philosophers and thinkers. The author traces how during the development of philosophical thought the concept of loneliness has changed and distinguishes two main periods of interpretation of the phenomenon of loneliness in the course of its analysis.

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РОЛЬ ТВОРЧЕСТВА Ф. НИЦШЕ В РУССКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЕ

Posted in 2018, Issue №2(68) February 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Проводится анализ творчества Ф. Ницше в системе русской национально-культурной специфики. В статье осуществляется исторический анализ распространения взглядов Ф. Ницше в русском обществе на рубеже XIX-начала ХХ веков и во второй половине ХХ века. В статье показывается особенности «русского» прочтения произведений Ф. Ницше, которое во многом способствовало распространению как интереса к его трудам, так и создавало своеобразный культ самого автора и его идей. Особое внимание уделяется выявлению основных точек пересечения философских концептов Ф. Ницше с особенностями русского мировоззрения.

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SUBJECTIVE INTERACTIONS UNDER CONDITIONS OF MODERN TECHNOLOGICAL MODE

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the nature of subjective interactions in the dynamic technogenical and informational environments of the network society. A detailed description of the evolution of the technological mode, with a digital culture as its symbol, and the specifics of human-technology interactions in a networked mode are specified. The authors emphasize the spontaneous design of subjective interactions in information networks, determined by the technological environment. The social and anthropological setting is supposed to be the methodological basis for the design of subjective interactions, in the conceptual framework of which the technological, communicative and normative-value aspects of the subject interactions, and the specifics of the network technological order, are organically combined.

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MORALS OF GREAT “DWARFS”: FROM ACADEMIC GOSSIPS TO VOLKSSTURM

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The emancipation of such a subject area as a “psychology of creativity” is a symptom of the conventionality of claims of scientism advocates to absolute power in cultural and social life. This observation concerns not only parliamentarians from the humanities, but also the representatives of the “natural sciences”; otherwise, naturalists would have to admit that the notorious objectivity of scientific knowledge is not at all a reminiscence of the actual order of things, but simply their own ability to speak truth.
A science, and a “science of nature” in particular, is carried out by people and for people. The well-known conditionality of scientific behavior on the part of a mind is just as normal and unremovable as the self-reflection of philosophical thinking. In this sense, the tendency of the great toilers of the university field to “academic gossip” is the “incident” of correspondence (1920-1963) of M. Heidegger and K. Jaspers and is “normal”, says that nothing human is unknown to them. The difference, perhaps is that, they are convincing no less than in their public lectures and epistolary studies; and they understand not less than in metaphysics.
F. Nietzsche, capturing the power of simplicity as the total principle of the arrangement not only of everyday life, but of high culture, expressed it in an exhaustive way: the human is too human … It is time for us to understand that this “human” is not a guarantee of any kind there was exclusivity, and, in fact, ethically indifferent attribution, equalizing the rights of both the righteous / the sinner and the naturalist / humanist.

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FORMATION OF ARCHITECTONICS OF SPACE WITH THE HELP OF THE HERO’S IMAGE: SYSTEMOLOGY OF THEORETICAL CRITICAL SYNARCHY

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The postmodern crisis of the Russian society has put the social philosopher in the face of competing worldview paradigms, schools, directions and the task of returning the topic of labour not only to the aesthetic, but also architectonic and creative transformational sphere. The kinds of art organically connected with labour include photo journalism, photo art and live television broadcast which have actively helped country’s sustainable development making the artistic process hierarchical while turning “potentially possible” into a real one with the help of moral and aesthetic. Organizational technologies, propaganda and branding are similar to the use of dialectics of general and special incorporating system methodology of the theoretical-critical synarchy.

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REFLECTION IN LIGHT OF IMAGINATION: SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL CONTEXT

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The necessity of reflection as a factor of personal maturity is substantiated in the article in a social and philosophical context. The points of view of L.N. Tolstoy on the life success and Michio Kaku on the human abilities that are in demand in the 21st century (creativity, imagination, initiative) are presented in the paper, the need to take them into account by the modern generation of 17-25-year-old people is highlighted as well. The attention is focused on the views of philosophers and artists who based their arguments on the need to develop the imagination of a person, such as Pythagoras, Aristotle and V.V. Kandinsky. It is indicated that the presence of a developed imagination is able not only to enrich the emotional and sensual side of a person’s life, but also to promote a moral perfection and, as a result, to improve the qualities of social life.

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CONSUMERIST SOCIETY AS THE REALITY OF POST-IDEOLOGY EPOCH

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The following paper considers consumerist society in the context of the post-ideology epoch through the prism of Jean Baudrillard’s social philosophy. The philosopher, being ahead of his time, considers the transformation of the system of social relations through the genesis and evolution of the term “end of ideology” where the political recedes into the background in the scheme of ideology. The ideology of universal consumption begins to play a dominant role as the basic element of the consumerist society existence. The function of an individual is reduced to the satisfaction of artificially created needs, the purpose of which is to ensure the reproducibility of the system of things.

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MEANING OF LIFE AS WAY OF HUMAN SELF-REALIZATION

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The problem of the meaning of life is an question for everyone. At the same time, this eternal human problem, remains permanently topical in philosophy, and does not have a final solution which reliefs a person from self-search for answer to this question. The truth in the version of solution, proposed by someone is impossible here, since the subordination of an individual destiny to it implies the lack of a person’s creative potential, which is essential for independent understanding of person’s own life. In this case, a person is doomed to a vital position dictated by ideology and conditions of being. The authors do not offer a formula meaning, but a way of maximizing inherent in the individual potential of all features (including Smart) in the moral line at every stage of life. The effectiveness of this movement gives a sense of the value of life, its meaning, as it is objectively such.

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CONSTRUCTIVE CHARACTER IN N.V. GOGOL’S WORKS IN CONTEXT OF NONCLASSICAL LEARNING THEORY

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The features of N.V. Gogol’s works are considered in the paper, based on the ideas of modern epistemology. The author identified and analyzed typical cognitive constructions, the use of which was a unique way for the writer to represent the reality in an artistic text. Thus, the analysis of the name construct as a means of disclosing the characteristics of heroes, situations or the main idea of a work is given. It is shown that the construct of the “silent scene” was used by Gogol to depict the unexpectedness and unpredictability of the unfolding events, feelings and moods of the characters. The value of the laughter construct of N.V. Gogol is determined not only by the fact that he fought hypocrisy, flouts, denounces, and revealed vices, but also as a means of purifying the human soul.

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DISPUTES ON DIALECTICS

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

One of the achievements of the philosophy of 19th century is the Hegel’s doctrine on the development of existence and being. This concept served as an impetus for research in this topic of many thinkers of later eras. This article is devoted to revealing the features of their approaches to the treatment of Hegelian dialectics. It analyzes the features of the materialist dialectic, the so-called “negative dialectic” by T. Adorno, the transitional version between them is the doctrine of A. Kozhev, and the position of the modern Russian notionalist, A.A. Ivina.

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