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PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

PHILOSOPHICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS OF CONFUCIUS AND MOZI ON EDUCATION: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Forming the concept of modern education with Chinese specifics, theorists turn to the philosophical concepts of Confucius and Mozi, the representatives of two different schools of thought, to substantiate the values of education, which shapes human nature and forms talents. Although the positions of ancient thinkers differ in defining the goals and objectives of education, they agree the formation of a personality (talent) with high moral qualities. Therefore, the use of comparative analysis as a research goal allows for comparing the philosophical and anthropological ideas of these authors under study. This is achieved through the implementation of the tasks set: to determine the difference in the interpretation of the education system based on the analysis of the philosophical views of Confucius and Mozi; similarity of ideas in the justification of the moral character of the individual (talent and gentleman). The relevance of this article lies in the comprehension of the theory of modernization of modern education with Chinese specifics, which is focused on the preservation of traditional values.

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SOCIAL TECHNOLOGIES OF FORMATION OF DISCRETE HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article attempts to identify the types and features of social technologies that have most clearly manifested themselves in the process of forming a discrete historical consciousness of Russian society. The interest in this problem also lies in the fact that the use of social technologies in the process of forming a discrete historical consciousness actualizes the problems of the human factor and contributes to the manifestation of the subjectivity of Russian society. The appeal to the category of “social technology” allows the authors to examine more systematically the features of the formation of discrete historical consciousness in the context of the socio-cultural constants of Russian society.

The article considers social technology as a way of integral social interaction, which can be implemented as a program containing procedures and operations (methods and means of activity), and as an activity built in accordance with this program.

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HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS AS A PHENOMENON OF SOCIO-CULTURAL REGULATION OF THE BEHAVIOR OF SUBJECTS OF CIVIL SOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper examines the problem of motivation, the choice of behavioral models, and the generation of social activity of the member of civil society in modern Russia. Socio-cultural regulation is one of the necessary functions of culture aimed at the formation of group forms of human activity. The article substantiates the idea of the existence of historical consciousness as an ideal basis for the formation of subjects of civil society, its performance of a regulatory function in the relations of political power and civil society. Historical consciousness is functional in the processes of realizing the social need for social foresight and determining the historical prospects of civil society subjects. The article asserts the existence of historical consciousness as an attributive element in the processes of forming a goal-oriented attitude to the future, which are manifested in the structuring and functioning of civil society. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the content and originality of the problems under study and the results obtained; the conceptualization of the entry of historical consciousness into the world of phenomena of socio-cultural regulation of the behavior of subjects of civil society; an original interpretation of the functionality of historical consciousness.

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DISCRETENESS AND CONTINUITY AS FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTIES OF HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the currently relevant problems of studying discreteness and continuity as fundamental characteristics of historical consciousness. As a form of social consciousness, historical consciousness penetrates into all its forms and influences their development and formation. In the conditions of socio-cultural crises and a radical change in the paradigms of the development of society, historical consciousness is able to undergo crisis states manifested in discreteness, that is, states of “gaps”. In such a discrete state, historical consciousness has a negative impact on the forms of public consciousness and on public consciousness in general, leading to situations of socio-cultural, intergenerational gaps and other destructive social phenomena. The main principle of the development and manifestation of the continuity of historical consciousness is the principle of continuation, within which a holistic view of the historical process, its temporality and understanding of the degree of responsibility for what is happening of society and the individual as subjects of the historical process is formed.

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THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE FIELD OF CULTURE IN THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN DIGITAL ECONOMY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The authors of the article investigate the “field of culture” as one of the components among the seven main fields of the social space of the Russian digital economy by identifying the leading actors of influence on its formation. The article presents selected results of a sociological study in four regions of the Russian Federation (Tambov, Kursk, Kaliningrad, Yaroslavl). Conclusions regarding the “field of culture” as a formative field of the digital economy are reduced to the ambiguity of the acceptance of the components of digitalization by respondents, the representatives of the field of culture. As a recommendation, it is noted that in order to correct the situation, one should take more care of replacing the attributes of a traditional type of culture, improve methods, forms, platforms, and ways of reproducing cultural products.

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TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE INFLUENCE OF THE REFORMATION ON THE FORMATION OF THE CLASSICAL SCIENTIFIC RATIONALITY

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The modern level of development of the science экстерналистский approach to the development of science requires consideration of the impact of external (social, economic, psychological, religious etc) factors not only the peculiarities of the development of scientific theories, but the content that is particularly important in the conditions of scientific revolutions. In article are analyzed and compared on the key issues of views A.V. Akhutina, M. Weber, A.C., Kara-Murza, R. Merton, I. Prigogine, V.S. Stepin, C. G. Jung and others on the nature and direction of the impact of the reformation on the formation of the classical type of scientific rationality. Rethinking the social and cultural context of the formation of the classical science actual in the conditions of modern transition to a qualitatively new form of certainty of science.

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ABOUT RELATIONSHIP THE IDEAL AND MATERIAL IN THE WORLD SYSTEM

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article highlights the problem of representation of society as a special overcomplicated “reflexive” of the system, an element of which is the social group. Supercomplexity of “society” is covered by the concept of “work” and “culture”, which is connected to the base material and the ideal of the system that can reflect itself in the material world.

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TRIUNILOGY (ORGANIZATIONAL SCIENCE) TEACH BY SURPRISING. 1. PUBLIC LECTURE (POPULAR)

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

If You want to find, create a living, bring harmony – сделайтеbэто whole triune way.

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TRANSFORMATION OF HUMANISTIC ATTITUDES FOR SUCCESS IN THE MODERN WORLD

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The object of study is the success that in the modern world is starting to transform itself into a simulacrum. This contributes to a distortion of the humanistic installations on which it is based. In order for success to overcome the simulation process, it is necessary to recall the moral component of the principles of humanism and rational self-interest.

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GLOBAL ETHICS FOR THE GLOBAL WORLD

Posted in 2013, Issue August 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article consideres possibility of building a global ethic and a global ethos in a globalizing world. The practical and theoretical arguments that under current conditions is to enable this feature is quite critical, but axiological basis of a global ethic theory holds.

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QUANTUM-DIMENSIONAL MATTER

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article formulates the concept of quantum-dimensional matter as a material medium consisting of elements in which quasi-free electrons move under the conditions of dimensional quantization of energy and momentum in a deep extended potential well. The properties of inorganic crystalline quantum-sized particles known to modern science are proposed to be applied to the elements of “living” matter, in particular, the DNA molecule. It is assumed that DNA has wave properties and specific electromagnetic radiation allowing cells to exchange information and making it possible to operate with information of a complex order. As a means of measuring radiation parameters, it is proposed to use microstructures with quantum-sized semiconductor particles, the creation of which requires research and development of technologies with variations in compositions, shapes, nanoscale sizes, and nanoschemes.

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AXIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF SCIENTIFIC COGNITION

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Taking into account the intensification of risks caused by the results of scientific and technical developments, the issue of the responsibility of researchers producing specific developments becomes relevant. The current article conducts a detailed examination of the value dimension of scientific and cognitive activity. It analyzes such aspects as the consequences of discoveries, the acceptability of research methods, and the responsibility of researchers. The problem of correlation of spiritual and technological development of mankind is also examined. The article investigates the impact of scientific and technological progress on the sphere of culture and raises the question about the priority of the study of axiological aspects of scientific activity in the current conditions in the context of an expanded study of the consequences of scientific and technical achievements.

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A STEP AWAY FROM BECOMING REALITY OR AN UNREALIZABLE SCIENTIFIC IDEA: TRANSHUMANISM — FOR AND AGAINST

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article determines the essence of transhumanism as a modern trajectory in the field of medicine, which implies projects of human modification in order to expand their physical, mental and psychological capabilities. The study analyzes the historical development of the ideology of transhumanism. Also, the authors examine the questions of the transformation of the philosophical doctrine into medicine, which understood as transhumanism today, as well as identify the key concepts of the development of this trajectory in the medical field and examines the position of the modern generation in relation to transhumanism, both theory and practice. Based on the comparative-historical method, the study carries out an analysis of the history and concept of the development of the transhumanist movement.

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ON THE FUTURE PROJECTS OF N.F. FEDOROV AND K.E. TSIOLKOVSKY

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the creative projects of the Russian philosophers N.F. Fedorov and K.E. Tsiolkovsky. The interest in their activities is comprehended in the context of the consideration of Russian cosmism, which has become a significant trend of the turn of the last centuries. Being representatives of the religious and scientific directions of the space school, they each in their own way were striving to bring the time of space exploration closer. Many of the provisions of the philosophers’ teachings are encyclopedic, some are controversial, and a certain part of their works is waiting for its solution in the future. The creative thought of Russian cosmists contains vital energy and great potential for future achievements.

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INTERSUBJECTIVITY AND TEMPORALITY AS PHENOMENOLOGICAL CONSTRUCTS OF CONCEPTUALIZATION OF AN INCLUSIVE SSOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses various approaches in modern domestic and foreign literature aimed at finding an adequate categorical and conceptual-semantic apparatus for constructing, interpreting and understanding the specifics of an inclusive society. Phenomenology and social constructivism lay the methodological basis of the research. It is shown that the phenomenological construction of temporality and intersubjectivity as the main methodological characteristics leads to the formation of a transcendental society as a kind of community that harmonizes and optimizes temporality and intersubjectivity in the interaction of individuals. Intersubjectivity is associated with the existence and functioning of a community of various subjects representing the synthesis of their individual characteristics with access to the universal parameters of a social group. It is demonstrated that the phenomenological position postulates intersubjectivity as the conditionality of local social realities by the mechanisms of intentionality inherent in human consciousness.

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ON THE MAIN ISSUE OF PHILOSOPHY IN THE FIELD OF EPISTEMOLOGY: RENÉ DESCARTES VS FRANCIS BACON

Posted in 2021, Issue №10 (112) October 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The survey on the nature of scientific knowledge is another form of the main question of philosophy – what is primary: matter or consciousness? The consistent materialistic position necessarily leads to positivism (a direct descendant of F. Bacon’s empiricism) as the only possible philosophy of science. And vice versa – if positivism is untenable, then idealism in ontology and realism in the theory of knowledge must necessarily follow from the existence of a priori foundations of theoretical knowledge. The authors, therefore, conclude that the rationalism of R. Descartes and K. Popper is the main philosophical foundation of science.

The problem of the correlation of theory and experience is a special case of a broader problem of the nature of consciousness. It is in the opinion of the authors that the concept of “independence of empirical and theoretical” is an attempt to escape from the conclusion that it is impossible to reduce consciousness to matter.

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THE DISCOURSE OF SEXUALITY IN THE FORMATION OF SOCIAL REALITY

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article the problem of correlation between sexual desire and social reality. Author using semiotic method shows the influence of sexual desire in philosophical categories of space and time.

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: LIMITS AND PROSPECTS

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Goals, Objectives: This paper marked progress in the work on artificial intelligence, allowing to improve the information technology that formed the basis of modern technological order. The focus is on identifying the problems and contradictions of artificial intelligence to deal with them in the training of specialists with higher technical courses mandatory use of the social sciences and humanities.

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AN ARTICLE IS ABOUT PEOPLE`S ROUGH INVASION IN STRUCTURE OF THE UNIVERSE

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article is told about the extremely urgent necessity of popularization the knowledge that is practically new, the knowledge about mechanism of moving the space bodies. This decidion was made because of permitted experiments in Nature which causes not only harm but a real possibility of the Universe catastrophe. Dangerous projects are appearing because of the lack of actual knowledge concerning the global heating and nuclear explosions in Space. There are some proposals to push away our Planet from the sun, but if it is cold, they will push it back again. Some scientists offer to regress the tornado on the Earth by means of such explosions, which in reality is correcting unit in the mechanism of Earth moving. They are working on false problems, such as solving energetic problems (in particular transmission of the Sun reflection and lazer rays) but they don’t know the main point of the Sun shining, its’ lit and shade sides. The innovate knowledge of mechanism of moving the space bodies is ignored, but projects concerning comets, asteroids, and other space objects destruction are appearing.

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MORAL PREFERENCES AS SOCIO-CULTURAL CONSTANTS OF THE HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE INDIVIDUAL

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the relevant problems of determining the essence of moral preferences as sociocultural constants of the historical consciousness of the individual, examines the relationship of moral preferences actualized in the historical consciousness of the individual at a certain historical stage with its ability to construct historical and social reality. In modern conditions of socio-cultural uncertainty and rapid change of the sociocultural landscape, it is important to have a strong foundation or “fulcrum” in order to maintain stability, stability and continuity in historical development and movement in time. In the opinion the authors of the article, such “points of support” are the moral preferences of the individual as certain socio-cultural constants that contribute to the preservation of continuity and stability of sociocultural systems in the conditions of sociocultural transformations.

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