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PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

THE DISCOURSE OF SEXUALITY IN THE FORMATION OF SOCIAL REALITY

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article the problem of correlation between sexual desire and social reality. Author using semiotic method shows the influence of sexual desire in philosophical categories of space and time.

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INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: LIMITS AND PROSPECTS

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Goals, Objectives: This paper marked progress in the work on artificial intelligence, allowing to improve the information technology that formed the basis of modern technological order. The focus is on identifying the problems and contradictions of artificial intelligence to deal with them in the training of specialists with higher technical courses mandatory use of the social sciences and humanities.

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AN ARTICLE IS ABOUT PEOPLE`S ROUGH INVASION IN STRUCTURE OF THE UNIVERSE

Posted in 2013, Issue № 9(16) September 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article is told about the extremely urgent necessity of popularization the knowledge that is practically new, the knowledge about mechanism of moving the space bodies. This decidion was made because of permitted experiments in Nature which causes not only harm but a real possibility of the Universe catastrophe. Dangerous projects are appearing because of the lack of actual knowledge concerning the global heating and nuclear explosions in Space. There are some proposals to push away our Planet from the sun, but if it is cold, they will push it back again. Some scientists offer to regress the tornado on the Earth by means of such explosions, which in reality is correcting unit in the mechanism of Earth moving. They are working on false problems, such as solving energetic problems (in particular transmission of the Sun reflection and lazer rays) but they don’t know the main point of the Sun shining, its’ lit and shade sides. The innovate knowledge of mechanism of moving the space bodies is ignored, but projects concerning comets, asteroids, and other space objects destruction are appearing.

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MORAL PREFERENCES AS SOCIO-CULTURAL CONSTANTS OF THE HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE INDIVIDUAL

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the relevant problems of determining the essence of moral preferences as sociocultural constants of the historical consciousness of the individual, examines the relationship of moral preferences actualized in the historical consciousness of the individual at a certain historical stage with its ability to construct historical and social reality. In modern conditions of socio-cultural uncertainty and rapid change of the sociocultural landscape, it is important to have a strong foundation or “fulcrum” in order to maintain stability, stability and continuity in historical development and movement in time. In the opinion the authors of the article, such “points of support” are the moral preferences of the individual as certain socio-cultural constants that contribute to the preservation of continuity and stability of sociocultural systems in the conditions of sociocultural transformations.

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ON THE PRIMACY OF THE PRINCIPLES OF MORALITY: THROUGH THE LENS OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article theoretically examinesthehypothesis of the biological and social evolution of morality. The survival of paleoprimates required additional (different from biological instincts) collective regulation, which is, what is now called the word “morality”. The mechanism of evolutionary selection indeed could, and probably did, weed out societies that could not cope with the achieved power of technology. However, the problem is not in the mechanism of screening out societies with dominant animal regulation, but in where the moral norms of the surviving societies come from. Moral norms are a set of principles. In other words, these are the same a priori assumptions similar to axioms in science. It is shown that the derivation of the principles is inductively impossible, this fact leads to the following conclusion: if even the foundations of science cannot be obtained inductively, the foundations of morality cannot be obtained “from experience”.

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DIGITALIZATION IN RUSSIA: ETHICAL PROBLEMS

Posted in 2021, Issue №8 (110) August 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes the ethical component of the digitalization process in Russia. It is noted that the approach to the problems associated with digitalization in Russia can only be individual and not a typically legal one. The authors analyze the reasons for distrust of digitalization in Russia along with identifying and examining groups of ethical issues connected to digitalization in Russia such as its civil, public, professional and personal aspects. The study also presents a sociological survey and a statistical analysis of the processing of the obtained data, allowing for demonstrating the attitude to the identified ethical problems of digitalization of Russian society through concrete examples.

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THE SPECIFICITY OF THE SUBJECT AREA OF CHEMISTRY

Posted in 2013, Issue October 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article examines the specific of chemical concepts in ancient Greece and modern science. The author reveals the specifics of chemical concepts and shows the difference between subject area of chemistry and physics.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE SPHERE APPROUCH: ENERGYSPHERE

Posted in 2013, Issue October 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article, for the development of the sphere approach the author uses the notion of the energysphere. In this case it is possible to connect sphere, system and energy-information approaches and to create harmonious system of the biosphere and noosphere, where each sphere takes its place and playing a certain role. Energysphere takes the special place in this system – it supplies the energy for all other spheres, providing the possibility of their functioning and development.

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INFORMATIONAL FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with identifying the specifics of the informational foundations of modern social development associated with the understanding of a new, post-industrial, information stage in the evolution of society. The article describes the relationship and interdependence of social development with the processes of informational and technological advancements. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the study of the information foundations of social development and the identification of information and information technologies as the central elements of modern social dynamics. The results obtained indicate the spread of information and information technologies in modern society as key sources of social life without the study of which it is impossible to understand the ways of further transformation of modern society. The practical significance of this research lies in the possible use of the obtained results in pedagogical activity of studying social philosophy.

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POSTMODERNITY VALUES AND MODERNIZATION OF TODAY’S RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article presents a philosophical analysis of values in today’s Russian society. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of values in the postmodern era, the provisions describing the modern world from the perspective of historical synergetism are also considered. The values of postmodernization also represent a convergence of opposites: tradition and innovation, religiosity and secularism, democracy and authoritarianism, individuality and collectivism, purposefulness and value rationality, centralization and decentralization, the “either-or” dichotomy and the diversity of the world. The postmodern culture, which introduced its values into the consciousness of Russians, changed the consciousness of the Russian population and formed new norms and attitudes that characterize labor problems.

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PERSONAL AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF STUDENTS: AN ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS AND WAYS OF REGULATING THE RELATIONSHIP OF AN INDIVIDUAL WITH THEMSELVES AND SOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In philosophy, the concept of responsibility has never been an abstraction, it has been considered as the most important criterion for evaluating human activity from the standpoint of class, humanistic, religious, or social approaches. Humanity has always paid attention to the phenomenon of responsibility / irresponsibility: for example, all societies have developed such aspects of responsibility as a legal or moral duty. Today, the problem of social responsibility is presented in various fields of scientific knowledge: pedagogy, social psychology, and philosophy. In recent years, a special interest in the problem of social responsibility has been observed in public administration, business, management, and economy as a whole Therefore, the parameters of human adaptation in all spheres of life are important, increasing the personal responsibility of a person for professional trajectories and social positions in general, the readiness of young people to transform social processes. This becomes the task of socialization of today’s college-aged youth.

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A PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMAGINATION, FANTASY AND SELF-REALIZATION OF A PERSON IN THE WORLD

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes imagination and fantasy as phenomena of the human psyche and as significant aspects of a person’s experience, inner world, consciousness, and being. The aim of the study is to use the classical concepts of modern philosophers to reveal the essence of the phenomena of imagination and fantasy in connection with the problem of human self-realization. Based on the concept of thinking of R. Descartes, on the ideas of the transcendental philosophy of I. Kant’s theory of productive imagination, the author defines the functions of imagination and the features of conscious thought processes in their entirety. Also, the author analyzes the specifics of human fantasy based on modern psychological studies of thinking, memory, and imagination. In practical terms, this analysis can act as a basic concept for a culturological research of the creative qualities of a person.

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POETICS OF A KAZAKH HEROIC EPIC

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes the genre of Kazakh heroic epic. It is a type of narrative poem that tells about the feats of arms of the batyrs, who possessed extraordinary physical and moral strength and defended their people from the raids of foreigners. The Kazakh epic originated on the basis of real historical events experienced by the Kazakh people at different times. Therefore, it is the most important monument that testifies to the heroic deeds of the batyrs, to the fortitude of the spirit, and to the customs of the Kazakh people. The works of the heroic epic have entered the structure of Kazakh folklore and occupy a special place within it, while the poetics of this genre lies in discursive forms of thinking that give way to artistic and figurative thinking.

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ON THE MULTIPLICITY OF METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES IN MEDIOLOGY AND THE PROBLEM OF THEIR INTEGRATION

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The analysis of the discourse on the methodological foundations of media research reveals a wide variety of proposed approaches. The current article examines the possibility of creating a unified media methodology and suggests that the coexistence of a unifying strategy in mediology and the tendency to diversify approaches and methods is not only a natural phenomenon but also a positive one. The methodological level has the immanent quality of polysemy, containing a dual message: on the one hand, it gives a sense of intellectual support, on the other hand, freedom of interpretation and the possibility of creating an original version of mediology. The author assumes that in addition to the reflexive level, the nonverbalized cognitive complex has a methodological function, which is manifested, in particular, in the choice of a differentiating or integrating research strategy.

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NIKITA NIKOLAEVICH MOISEEV’S CONCEPT OF COEVOLUTION: ECOPHILOSOPHICAL, ETHICAL AND EDUCATIONAL ASPECTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

One of the most discussed and urgent tasks facing humanity in the 21st century is the transition of our civilization to a new stage of its development, the urgency of which is caused by a number of reasons: from environmental pollution and up to environmental disasters, the depletion of mineral resources, a number of economic crises, rapidly widening wealth gap, the growth of political and military tension. The old system can no longer handle the accumulating problems and challenges. This leads to an increase in contradictions within the system, which in the future can lead humanity to a global catastrophe. Due to this fact, the appeal to the scientific work of N. N. Moiseev, who managed to rethink Vladimir Vernadsky’s concept of noosphere, is seen as relevant, since he offers his own idea of coevolution and designating it as a new step in the development of human civilization.

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CONCEPTUAL PREREQUISITES OF THE “NEW STATE MANAGEMENT”

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The reform of the civil service today largely takes into account the experience of public administration reforms in various countries of the world. In this regard, it is relevant to understand the conceptual foundations of the ideology and international experience of public service reform. The main purpose of the current article is to consider the conceptual prerequisites underlying the recommendations for public service reform proposed by leading international organizations that have chosen “public management” as the base model. The traditional approach to public administration was based on following the values of hierarchy, subordination, and honest service to the common good and the state. The focus of this approach is on the structure and organizational effectiveness in the form of command and control underpinned by a clear public service ethic.

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THE COMBINATION OF DIFFERENT THEORIES OF TRUTH IS THE MAIN FACTOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL LANGUAGE AND THE PROCESS OF COMMUNICATION IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF D. DAVIDSON

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The main purpose of the current article is to present the idea of Donald Davidson’s philosophical concept, which consists in the fact that only through the combination of different concepts is it possible to carry out communication and develop speech communication along with the formation of criteria of true meaning. The main idea of the philosophical concept is the idea that to form and realize true knowledge about the world is possible only based on the aspirations of a person, the place and time of everything that happens, as well as on the practicality of statements.

The objectives of the research are the following: an analysis of the philosopher’s concept from the point of view of the formation and interpretation of meaning; interpretation of the criteria of true knowledge in this teaching; actualization of D. Davidson’s concept from the point of view of combining the theories of truth presented by him. In addition to this task, it is necessary to note the attempts to show, within the framework of the analysis of the issue such as the formation of true meaning of the solution to questions of knowledge of the world, the interpretation of everything that happens and tasks related to communication and speech: the creation of conventions that promote dialogue and understanding between interlocutors.

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ON THE ISSUE OF TRANSLATION OF METAPHOR (WITH REFERENCE TO EVANGELICAL TEXTS)

Posted in 2012, Issue № 3(3) August 2012, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In the paper author considers theoretical and practical aspects of translating metaphor with reference to evangelical concept “THE EYE IS THE LAMP OF THE BODY”. The aim of the first part of the paper is examining of theoretical approaches to the metaphor. The second part of the paper deals with the question about conditions of metaphor’s keeping in translation. In the third part of the paper author illustrates how these theoretical aspects of metaphor’s translation are realized in practice. Author proposes the resume, that neglecting of source form of metaphor for reader’s comfort is the worse way in translating.

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MYTH AND MEMES AS WAYS OF PROPAGATION OF IDEAS

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the reasons that lead to the emergence of crisis tendencies in Russian culture. The study examines myth and meme as informational constructs and investigates their functions and role in the modern globalizing culture. The article describes the Russian culture in the context of determining its relation to myth and meme. Furthermore, the article analyzes the trends in the development of Russian culture under the influence of external actors associated with the spread of Americanized mass culture, the growing influence of the Chinese language and culture, and the widespread use of manipulative technologies for processing the consciousness of young people. Special attention is paid to the study of the role of myth and meme as formative constructs of modern culture. It is concluded that myth and meme are independent variables that, under the influence of external cultures themselves, in turn influence the transformation of the cultural values of the Russian people, leveling the national specific character of Russian culture.

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ON THE “SPECIAL NATURE” OF CAPITALISM

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

the paper calls into question the thesis that the economic system of European-American capitalism of the last two centuries is a kind of mutation that ostensibly fundamentally falls out of the general range of (traditional) economies. As Aristotle stated, the passion for profit for the sake of profit did not appear (as a mass phenomenon) with the advent of capitalism. If the goal of activity under capitalism truly resembles the pursuit of maximum profit, then in essence it is the same as in any other economic system, which is minimizing the input/output ratio while maximizing control over any types of resources. According to the authors of the article, Western civilization is indeed a mutation that fundamentally falls out of the general series of civilizations; however, this tradition gap is localized not in the field of economics but in social relations and social ethics.

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