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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

COMPANY ECONOMICS IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF A CUSTOMER-ORIENTED APPROACH IN RETAIL

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Forming sustainable development strategy of organizations is especially relevant in the Russian Federation because, at the moment, there is a change in perception of company sustainable development. A few years ago, questions of sustainable development and implementation of ESG standards were mainly discussed by banks and industrial companies. Recently, this situation has changed, and now the largest Russian retailers pay close attention to this aspect. Retail is one of the rapid developing sectors of the Russian economy, which exceeds other sectors in terms of growth. Over the course of recent years, the retail sector in Russia has shown remarkable growth, leaving behind Western, especially European, countries.

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PROSPECTS OF ORGANIZATION OF REMOTE SERVICING INDIVIDUALS IN COMMERCIAL BANKS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of analysis of improvement directions and development prospects of remote technologies in commercial banks (fintech, PFM, RegTech, etc.). The main directions of banking business transformation in the near future under the influence of digital technologies have been established and systematized. A fragment of the proposed «Road Map» of remote banking technologies in financial and credit organizations introduction was presented. «The House of remote bank customer service» has been developed in the form of a figured matrix reflecting the development essence of remote servicing processes in a particular bank, which allows it to visually and extensively monitor all the changes taking place in this area.

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THE PROBLEM OF EVALUATING THE PRODUCTION SYSTEM ON THE BASIS OF THE «DRIVING LINK» AND «BOTTLENECK» CATEGORIES

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is dedicated to the study of production systems operation specifics from the position of power use parameters significance. The author presents the most traditional ways of interpretation of the concepts of «driving link» and «bottleneck», lists contradictions of both high production and economic results achievement. The article focuses on the importance of establishing coherence and connection between using technical resources and achieving economic results, which would result in a synergistic effect and increase in the enterprise competitiveness on the market.

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Human Consciousness, Thinking and Imagination in Philosophical Ideas and Worldviews

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the problem of consciousness, thinking, and imagination, presented in various philosophical concepts from the classics to the modern era. Each model or concept of consciousness is correlated with a worldview, cultural universals, ideas. They set the specifics of the formulation and solution of a person’s problem in the aspect of their inner, subjective world, that is, through a special understanding of mental structures, self-awareness, and imagination as a creative, productive force, which in many ways sets and forms these cultural worlds and worldviews. The interrelation and interdependence of the construction of philosophical concepts of human consciousness, their thinking and imagination with the cultural characteristics of the epoch and scientific ideas is obvious not only for the ancient and classical eras. This connection is even more clearly revealed in modern culture and society. Today, the problems of global civilization, the issues of biotechnology and the human future are directly related to the specifics of solving the question of what consciousness, brain, and thinking are. The philosophical concepts of the subject area under study are a necessary component of a new worldview.

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THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE OTHER IN THE ONTOLOGY OF PERSONAL IDENTITY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses the issues of searching for the ontological foundations of personal identity in the context of dialogical discourse. Dialogism is presented as a necessary and sufficient condition of philosophical anthropology. The uniqueness of the individual is examined through the community of social ties of the Self and the Other.

The article provides a comparative analysis of the philosophical approaches of M.Bakhtin and P. Ricœur in the detection of personal identity. Researchers agree in understanding the moral ontology of a human act as a responsible value action. In the opinion of the authors, the activity methodology in the study of personal identity is preferable and more convincing than narrative discourse as an interpretive activity of self-consciousness.

As an event-based creative space of the personal and artistic worlds, art is the most harmonious means of cultural dialogue. Artistic reality is perceived through the “recognition” of someone else as one’s own, through the illusion of self-identity, the rootedness of one’s Self in someone else’s identity.

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NEW IDEOLOGY – NEW GENERATION DEMAND

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article makes a prognosis about further functioning and interaction of individuals, constituting the socio-demographic group of «digital generation» or Generation Z. The paper examines the different approaches of researchers to the study of behavioral characteristics of the new generation, provides arguments to confirm the hypothesis that Generation Z is on the verge of socio-political consolidation, in search of its way.

The article considers such characteristics of generation Z, as aspiration and ability to self-organize, create virtual and real zones of safe communication, their political cognitive interests orientation. At the same time, the characteristics of the younger generation, such as the desire to escape from personal responsibility, withdrawal from the vertical hierarchy, restriction of off-line participation in social activities, are taken into account. The article draws conclusions that some types of social activity of youth, in particular, in the political sphere, today are formed under influence of external factors, whereas a decade ago factors of internal power prevailed. It is also noted that in the youth environment quite strong patriotic and state sentiments are formed. However, the shape of the future normative framework, which will determine the face of the society in which today’s young people become adults, should be shaped with the participation of the older generation, through the creation of ideology, clear and close to all people and revealing the meaning of national narratives of social justice.

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On the Problem of the Interrelation Between the Animate and the Inanimate – Philosophical Dualism or Holism?

Posted in 2022, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

It is possible to distinguish two diametrically opposite approaches to the ratio of the animate and the inanimate. the dualistic view formulated, in particular, by V.I. Vernadsky, and an alternative approach: “All the signs that characterize living systems are found in systems of inanimate nature.” It is in the opinion of the author that dualism in this matter goes back to the philosophy of R. Descartes. In the second half of the nineteenth century, this dualism was further strengthened by the absolutization of the second principle of thermodynamics. The basis for solving this problem is the ontological principle of the unity of the world. Nature is one in essence and it cannot have contradictory properties. If we turn to V.I. Vernadsky’s main differences between the animate and the inanimate, then the following should be noted: 1) within the framework of the concept of Universal History, it is shown that for billions of years nature and then society developed along certain vectors; 2) the axes of symmetry of the 5th order are actually found in inanimate nature.

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ETHICAL ASPECTS OF TRUTH IN MODERN SOCIETY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses the ethical aspects of truth. The author traces the evolution of interpretations of truth in the history of philosophy and determines the fate of truth in the information society. The study shows the practical, ideological, and ethical significance of truth in modern society. Philosophy is understood as a source and repository of wisdom, the article also demonstrates its increasing role at the current stage of history and examines the consequences of the spread of false ideas in the mass consciousness. The author uses the historical and hermeneutic methods.

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A PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CONCEPT OF “MOTHERHOOD”

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The problem of motherhood is current and not completely solved in many humanitarian fields. In particular, the problem of the dialectics of the natural and the social in this phenomenon has not been solved in the field philosophy. There are many theories, the subject of which are various aspects of motherhood; however, there is no single perspective and a clear, unambiguous definition. For a competent approach to finding ways to solve the problem, it is necessary to know the terminology and be able to differentiate synonymous concepts within the framework of the subject under study. In light of this fact, the authors conduct an analysis of the approaches of the humanities and examine the concepts often synonymous with motherhood, such as attraction, instinct, attachment, both within the framework of the problem of motherhood and outside of this framework. The selected terms and their definitions used in such humanitarian fields as philosophy, sociology, pedagogy, psychology, medicine were studied from the standpoint of the dialectic of the natural and the social. At the same time, the authors focus on the definitions of the concepts of the social and the natural proposed by N. D. Subbotina. The research shows that the concept of motherhood in these areas is considered from two positions: the natural and the social. Some sources claim that the concepts of motherhood and maternal instinct are synonymous; however, the authors couldn’t find the definition of the phrase itself. The concept of instinct is similar in interpretation for all trajectories and carries a predominantly biological component. As a concept synonymous with the concept of maternal instinct, maternal attraction is reflected only in psychology. The term “attachment” is presented in the humanitarian literature within the framework of child-parent relations, where the key figure is the child, not the mother. The authors come to the conclusion that in studying the phenomenon of motherhood through a dialectical approach it is appropriate to use the term “motherhood”, which includes both natural and social components.

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ON THE ISSUE OF SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP AS A TYPE OF THINKING. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AS A TOOL FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SOCIAL POLICY OF A STATE

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current study explores the prerequisites and theoretical principles of establishing public-private partnership in the social sphere, PPP is considered a tool of state management of social policy. Attraction of private financial and intellectual capital to ensure an increase in the efficiency of social sphere management. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) are one of the ways of attracting private business to the innovation sphere and share initial risks with the state together with investors. As both International and Russian experience show, the cooperation between the state and business in the form of public-private partnership (PPP) is a highly effective tool (mechanism) for achieving sustainable economic growth of the state and its subjects as a whole, which is a key condition for the successful implementation of social policy.

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ON THE CRITERION OF THE “SANCTITY OF LIFE” IN JOHN BRECK’S ORTHODOX MODEL OF BIOETHICS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The bioethical approach is characterized as systemic, which includes an ethical component that appeals to the mind and conscience of scientists and physicians. At this stage of solving the bioethical problem, the determining role is played by the ideological position accumulating the content of the value judgment. The article discusses the bioethical point of view of an Orthodox specialist in the field of bioethics, professor of seminaries in Jordanville (USA) and Paris (France), protopresbyter John Breck. The study analyzes the essence of John Breck’s bioethics, its basic principles, regulatory components, and functioning mechanisms. The author examines the theological aspect of John Breck’s Orthodox model of bioethics, which is related to the key question of human existence: who is a person, what is their position in the world and purpose? According to the author, this can contribute to a deeper understanding of the worldview position of Orthodoxy in modern bioethical discussions about the human right to death.

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THEORETICAL RESEARCH METHODS, THEIR METHODOLOGICAL AND HEURISTIC PRODUCTIVITY AND UNDERESTIMATION IN THE PRACTICE OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS (WITH EXAMPLES FROM THE FIELD OF PSYCHOLOGY)

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the problem of underestimating the role of theoretical methods of social and humanitarian sciences, including the method of ascending from the abstract to the concrete, both in the research of scientists themselves and in publication practice.

The author provides a brief overview of the methods and types of research and determines the origins and variants of the method of “ascending” as a theoretical method (Descartes, Hegel, partly Marx, Sartre, the works of Kazakh scientists of the late twentieth century, etc.). The study explicates the only complete version of Hegel’s method of “ascent” and outlines the ways of its correction while also identifying the connection of the method of “ascent” with scientific principles and demonstrating the productivity of the ascent method in building the foundations of modern personality psychology. The article analyzes the compliance of some requirements for journal publications of the American IMRAD standard and journals of the SCOPUS database with the tasks of developing theoretical methods in the social sciences and humanities.

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ON THE FACETS OF B. GRACIAN’S MORAL PHILOSOPHY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article provides an original interpretation of the moral philosophy of Baltasar Gracian, an prominent figure of the Baroque era. Through an appeal to the biography and writings of the philosopher, the study explores the essence and features of his ethical concept. The author also outlines the historical and social factors that influenced Gracian’s worldview and the content of his teachings. The article acquires its scientific relevance in the light of studying the evolution of ethical Spanish and European thought, as well as the problems of modern morals and the moral crisis. The author does not idealize the ethical concept of Gracian but attempts to identify its positive content, as well as spiritual, rational and humanistic components. The paper examines the ideas of the Spanish philosopher about good and evil, truth and lies, justice and injustice. According to Gracian, the leading reference points for the moral personality are reason, prudence and caution. The practical orientation of his ethics is also shown. To achieve this goal, the study uses historical and hermeneutic methods.

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ON THE SOCIO-PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DISCRETENESS OF HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article actualizes and determines the heuristic potential of the socio-philosophical understanding of discreteness as a characteristic feature of the historical consciousness of Russian society, which negatively affects the process of socio-cultural transformation of modern Russia. The author notes that the possibilities of socio-philosophical understanding allow not only to explore the features of discreteness but also to study the specific patterns of the existence and development of modern Russian society as a carrier of a special historical consciousness, to identify various manifestations of social life and social interaction that are characteristic of it.

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ON THE PHILOSOPHICAL STATUS OF THE PRINCIPLE OF “METHODOLOGICAL INDIVIDUALISM” IN THE SOCIO-HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE

Posted in 2022, Issue № 01(115) January 2022, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article examines the principle of methodological individualism. It is noted that if “methodological individualism” were really methodological, then there would be no subject for dispute. It is suggested that there is a substitution of the term: “methodological” individualism is actually ontological. That is, under the guise of a “methodological approach”, the philosophical principle of the non-existence of higher-level wholes than the individual is being introduced. It is in the opinion of the authors that in the question of individualism/holism, the economic mainstream appears as an ultra-normative system of views (despite the fact that the common place in the main current of economic theory is the emphasis on its alleged “freedom from judgement”).

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PHILOSOPHICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL REFLECTIONS OF CONFUCIUS AND MOZI ON EDUCATION: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Forming the concept of modern education with Chinese specifics, theorists turn to the philosophical concepts of Confucius and Mozi, the representatives of two different schools of thought, to substantiate the values of education, which shapes human nature and forms talents. Although the positions of ancient thinkers differ in defining the goals and objectives of education, they agree the formation of a personality (talent) with high moral qualities. Therefore, the use of comparative analysis as a research goal allows for comparing the philosophical and anthropological ideas of these authors under study. This is achieved through the implementation of the tasks set: to determine the difference in the interpretation of the education system based on the analysis of the philosophical views of Confucius and Mozi; similarity of ideas in the justification of the moral character of the individual (talent and gentleman). The relevance of this article lies in the comprehension of the theory of modernization of modern education with Chinese specifics, which is focused on the preservation of traditional values.

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SOCIAL TECHNOLOGIES OF FORMATION OF DISCRETE HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article attempts to identify the types and features of social technologies that have most clearly manifested themselves in the process of forming a discrete historical consciousness of Russian society. The interest in this problem also lies in the fact that the use of social technologies in the process of forming a discrete historical consciousness actualizes the problems of the human factor and contributes to the manifestation of the subjectivity of Russian society. The appeal to the category of “social technology” allows the authors to examine more systematically the features of the formation of discrete historical consciousness in the context of the socio-cultural constants of Russian society.

The article considers social technology as a way of integral social interaction, which can be implemented as a program containing procedures and operations (methods and means of activity), and as an activity built in accordance with this program.

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HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS AS A PHENOMENON OF SOCIO-CULTURAL REGULATION OF THE BEHAVIOR OF SUBJECTS OF CIVIL SOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper examines the problem of motivation, the choice of behavioral models, and the generation of social activity of the member of civil society in modern Russia. Socio-cultural regulation is one of the necessary functions of culture aimed at the formation of group forms of human activity. The article substantiates the idea of the existence of historical consciousness as an ideal basis for the formation of subjects of civil society, its performance of a regulatory function in the relations of political power and civil society. Historical consciousness is functional in the processes of realizing the social need for social foresight and determining the historical prospects of civil society subjects. The article asserts the existence of historical consciousness as an attributive element in the processes of forming a goal-oriented attitude to the future, which are manifested in the structuring and functioning of civil society. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the content and originality of the problems under study and the results obtained; the conceptualization of the entry of historical consciousness into the world of phenomena of socio-cultural regulation of the behavior of subjects of civil society; an original interpretation of the functionality of historical consciousness.

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DISCRETENESS AND CONTINUITY AS FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTIES OF HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the currently relevant problems of studying discreteness and continuity as fundamental characteristics of historical consciousness. As a form of social consciousness, historical consciousness penetrates into all its forms and influences their development and formation. In the conditions of socio-cultural crises and a radical change in the paradigms of the development of society, historical consciousness is able to undergo crisis states manifested in discreteness, that is, states of “gaps”. In such a discrete state, historical consciousness has a negative impact on the forms of public consciousness and on public consciousness in general, leading to situations of socio-cultural, intergenerational gaps and other destructive social phenomena. The main principle of the development and manifestation of the continuity of historical consciousness is the principle of continuation, within which a holistic view of the historical process, its temporality and understanding of the degree of responsibility for what is happening of society and the individual as subjects of the historical process is formed.

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THE PLACE AND ROLE OF THE FIELD OF CULTURE IN THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN DIGITAL ECONOMY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The authors of the article investigate the “field of culture” as one of the components among the seven main fields of the social space of the Russian digital economy by identifying the leading actors of influence on its formation. The article presents selected results of a sociological study in four regions of the Russian Federation (Tambov, Kursk, Kaliningrad, Yaroslavl). Conclusions regarding the “field of culture” as a formative field of the digital economy are reduced to the ambiguity of the acceptance of the components of digitalization by respondents, the representatives of the field of culture. As a recommendation, it is noted that in order to correct the situation, one should take more care of replacing the attributes of a traditional type of culture, improve methods, forms, platforms, and ways of reproducing cultural products.

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