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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

ETHNICITY: SOCIAL ESSENCE AND EXISTENCE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

At the turn of the century, the problems associated with the coexistence of different ethnic communities and their relations with the state changed the way of life of the world civilization. The processes of chaotization of public life have become a characteristic feature of the modern world. The problem of understanding the social nature of ethnicity has become relevant. The article gives an interpretation of the indicated problem, substantiates the idea that ethnicity is rather a form of real existence of the society in the unity of common and specific features than self-aware cultural and linguistic community. Ethnicity is a basic phenomenon existing as a developing spectrum of potentials that determine the possible content of sociality.

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BIOETHICS AS ETHICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL POLICY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article considers the bioethics and the factors that contributed to its emergence as a separate discipline in the 70s of XX century. The authors also discuss the internal paradox of bioethics: Its prerequisites, one might say, conflict with each other and this conflict cannot be eliminated. Bioethics can’t offer simple solutions and clear regulations, which, however, does not deprive this discipline of its importance and does not negate its necessity.

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RIGHT LIBERAL CONCEPT OF THE END OF HISTORY AS THE MANIFESTATION OF MODERN SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL UTOPISM

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The author analyses an attempt undertaken by A.Kozhev and F. Fukuyama to theoretically limit modern development of the world history by the scheme of liberal democracy, which is supposedly the final form. As emphasized in the article, an attempt to unify political systems fits into the arguments about globalization, currently offered by the leading American social philosophers. The author considers this attempt as not meeting the real tendencies of the world social development at the turn of the 20th and 21st centuries, and therefore finds it unjustified, utopian and reflecting political interests of the leading Western countries.

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POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION OF WOMEN IN SOCIAL AND CULTURAL ASPECTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In this article authors analyse the problem of socialization of women in political system, aspects of cultural values and relations, and the role of women in social aspects. They have several views about position of women in policy. The authors give a clear position on the socialization of women in the political conjuncture. The image of the leader of a woman and her role in solving political goals are described in detail. The significance of the figure of a woman in the situation of a deep political crisis is great and unambiguous.

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CONCEPTUAL BASIS OF COLLECTIVE MEMORY ANALYSIS IN EUROPEAN DISCOURSE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article presents the analysis of collective memory from the point of view of philosophical concepts (phenomenological, cultural, historical and hermeneutic) on the example of the works of European researchers of collective memory in the early twentieth century and modernity (M. Halbwachs, J. Assmann, S. Sak). The analysis is caused by the interest in studying the phenomenon of collective memory, the ability of memory to form social identity through the transmission of cultural and traditional features from generation to generation, as well as the possibility of the society to rethink its past for further self-identification at any stage of historical development.

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MAIN FEATURES OF PAST TIME INTERPRETATION IN THE CONTEXT OF PROCESS THEORY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper considers multi-level nature of the present time segment. It is shown that social changes that have taken place within the segment of the past concern processes that could begin in the segment of the distant past and end in the past. The article reveals that the model of linear development leads to an unjustifiably increasing segment of the present as a process of a linear interval, and involves alternating social and historical positions in the present. At that, the segment of the past has its qualitative and quantitative characteristics, which indicate the beginning and some real segment of the socio-historical process under consideration.

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IDEOCRACY IN REPRESENTATION OF N.S. TRUBETSKOY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The ruling idea and personified power are connected ontologically in the ideocracy of N.S. Trubetskoy. The moral degradation of the ruling class leads to the non-existence of ruling idea, questioning the legitimacy of social and imperativeness of spiritual substrata. The discrepancy between the ruling idea and the ruling class is a prerequisite for the non-existence of the state only in an ideocratic state. At present time, Russia is taking cautious steps to design a union of states in the Eurasian area in new more difficult conditions. The post-perestroika experience of Russia, which started with the lowering of the ideal aspirations of society, with a reassessment of the historically established system of values, is critically reexamined. Ideas of N.S. Trubetskoy about the priority of supermaterial (supereconomic) goals in society, about the future of Russia as a Eurasian, original and self-sufficient power can be in demand in the context of the design of a new Eurasian space.

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NOAH INTHASEN, THE PLAY OF VAJIRAVUDH RAMA VI AS THE COMEDY OF HUMOURS IN THE ENLIGHTENMENT ERA STYLE WITH THAI NATIONAL PECULIARITIES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the analysis of the play “Noah Inthasen” written by Thai King Vajiravudh Rama VI. Unlike other plays by this playwright were social and political topics were dominant, this play is written in the comedy-farce genre in the spirit of European Enlightenment literary style. The story line is focused on two main conflicts – love and social. However, social issues dominate, enabling the author to ridicule the problems and vices of the Thai society at the beginning of the XX century. Thus, artistic means allow the playwright to express the protest of a new, progressive generation of Thais against the backwardness and stagnation of the aristocracy of the past.

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ON PHILOSOPHICAL BASIS OF EASTERN MARTIAL ARTS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper analyzes the historical and philosophical features of the Eastern martial arts. The already well-known moral principles of the martial arts are generalized and refined. Based on the example of techniques and methods of “internal” styles of Chinese wushu and Vietnamese nyat-us, we consider the philosophical principles of cosmism and natural conformity. An analogy is drawn between the philosophical ideas of the ancient Chinese “Book of Changes” and the sets of Taijiquan exercises. The relevance of this work is related to gnosiological value and the need to improve the teaching of eastern martial arts, taking into account their philosophical, and particularly the moral foundations.

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MORALITY IN BRAND AND ADVERTISING (SOCIAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL AND ANTHROPOLOGICAL ANALYSIS)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper defines a brand and advertisement; the modern meaning of a brand and advertisement is indicated; it is claimed that a brand and advertisement, almost always, affect the emotions and associations of the individual/society only in order to make a profit and to form a false image (not directly related to the properties of the product/service); the influence of a legend over a person in advertisement and brand is considered; it is determined the importance of morality, in the legend of a brand and advertisement for the harmonization of modern social and anthropological space.

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UNDERSTANDING THE CATEGORY OF NEED IN ANCIENT GREECE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The problem of human needs, their nature and role in life are considered in the paper. Any needs are always determined by social relations, and, from this point of view, they represent a social and cultural phenomenon. The authors refer to the formation of the “need” category and, in particular, to its interpretation by the philosophers of antiquity. The authors come to the conclusion that the study of needs in antiquity took place, among other things in the mainstream of materialistic views and was associated mainly with the hedonism and eudemonism.

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INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC, EDUCATIONAL AND PRODUCTION CLUSTERS: THE PROBLEM OF INTERACTION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The scientific problem of the article is concentrated on the search for new forms and ways of science-education-production clusters’ interacting. The authors propose a mechanism for the integration of clusters including control level, supply level, demand and implementation level; triggering mechanism for ensuring the effective interaction is the set of minimum necessary management actions formulated (articulated) for each level. Scientific and practical novelty consists in the development and description of an ideal model of clusters’ interaction management on the basis of the control deviation method.

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ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ФУНДАМЕНТАЛЬНОЙ БАЗЫ РАЦИОНАЛЬНОГО МЫШЛЕНИЯ: ПОСТАНОВКА ПРОБЛЕМЫ

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

В предлагаемой всеобщему вниманию статье, главным образом, поднимается вопрос о роли такого широко известного направления классической мысли как эмпиризм в формировании нового рационального восприятия окружающей нас действительности в рефлексивной и когнитивной практике. В данном исследовании речь идет также о самой активной роли эксперимента, наблюдения и их анализа в получении готового знания, необходимой проверке его на соответствие исследуемой действительности, другими словами, на истинность. Весьма значительное внимание уделяется ведущей роли классической мысли в целом и эмпиризма в частности, а также зарождающейся в то время науки фактически в современном ее понимании в построении сложно структурированной и логически тесно взаимосвязанной картины мира.

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THE EVALUATION OF RUSSIAN CIVIL NATION SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FUNCTIONING EFFECTIVENESS IN THE REGIONAL SOCIETY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article represents results of analysis and evaluation of social effectiveness of civil nation which is realized in post-Soviet Russia. The results are in the fact: the author based on the sociological researches tries to explicate essence and social and cultural effectiveness of civil nation functioning in Tuva, Khakassia, Altay. Author states that civil nation is in process of forming that is an explanation for limitation of social and cultural effectiveness of its functioning.

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CRITICISM OF REVOLUTIONARY RADICALISM, THEORY OF ELITARISM AND RE-VALUATION OF VALUES IN THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPT OF Yu. EVOLA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper considers the problem of revolutionary radicalism, and cultivation of neo-nationalist tendencies in the modern scientific, philosophical, political, social and cultural contexts. The theory of elitarism, proposed by the Italian thinker-traditionalist Julius Evola, becomes more attractive in the light of the complex and ambiguous geopolitical processes at the beginning of the 21st century (the crisis of the idea of multiculturalism, a new wave of migration, acute world military conflicts, etc.). Yu. Evola’s appeals for a new radical reassessment of values that could lead to an escalation of ideas of racial and national exclusivity should also be subjected to serious philosophical criticism.

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CATEGORICAL, CONVENTIONAL AND PHENOMENOLOGICAL PROBLEM ANALYSIS OF PERSON IDENTITY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article considers the problem analysis of the person identity rationally, it intends the formation of the background for the methodological basis for the examination of a person within the framework of the historical and philosophical tradition. Besides the attempts of scientific analysis of a person also have a methodological tradition. Initially, it is necessary to differentiate the person as a concept and personality as a phenomenon. Therefore, the methodological logic of the concept of person is built around three main areas: first, categorical and conventional analysis of a person; second, conceptual and historical analysis of a person; and, third, a phenomenological analysis of a person. The categorically conventional analysis should include a convention of concepts similar in semantics to a category of person, approaches to understanding the concept of the individual in the concepts of philosophy and the history of philosophy.

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ADVERTISEMENT AND MULTICULTURALISM AS RESUTL OF DISSOLUTION OF THE ONTOLOGICAL NORM

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to the conception of multiculturalism and advertisement as two philosophical phenomena resulting from the dissolution of the ontological norm. We understand the ontological norm, as a concept of the symbol, which is of the central position in the Philosophy of Name by P. Florensky. The basic underlying cause of the research is “Concrete” metaphysics of P. Florensky which has been developed by his followers – A. F Losev, S.N. Bulgakov and modern philosophers – V.A. Friauf, V.V. Kanafyeva. Certain attempts have been made to give a philosophical understanding of the phenomena of advertising and its interaction in a modern multicultural society.

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ON THE QUESTION OF THE ONTOLOGICAL STATUS OF THE PHENOMENON OF POST IDEOLOGY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 3(57) March 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The purpose of this paper is to clarify the status of the phenomenon of post ideology in modern socio-cultural realities. It is important to understand what constitutes the modern era in terms of philosophy. In this article we give the main point of the post ideology, its status, relationship with other socio-cultural phenomena, such as the crisis of the symbolic, ideological crisis, the era of postmodernism in general. As part of achieving this goal, we will solve the following tasks: analyze the theoretical foundations of the post of ideology, perform a systematic analysis of the modern era, the historical and philosophical analysis of points of view on the phenomenon of post ideology. This work has as a scientific relevance, which consists in the fact that, for the post of Russian literature ideology is a new phenomenon, and our research may open new aspects of it, and the public, because we need to organize your life in a post-ideological social space.

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MASLENITSA AS HOLIDAY, REGARDED AS REFORMED MEONIC BEING

Posted in 2017, Issue № 2(56) February 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is concerned with the investigation of ancient calendar holiday – Maslenitsa. The author considers it as an event in non-sacral, created, profane space of being-centaur which is specialized by time. The author comes to a conclusion that the profane, immanent world during the celebration of Carnival is likened to the sacred one. Maslenitsa eliminates spatial boundaries of meonic being. Annual repetition of Maslenitsa restores the lost time entirely.

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COMMUNICATIVE ABSURD AS A REAL ABSURD SITUATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 2(56) February 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The aim of this work is to consider the complexity of the concept of «linguistic absurd», its irreducibility to language characteristics. The novelty of the work lies in the translation of this concept from a linguistic to a communicative plan that makes possible a full analysis of the absurd outside of the written text. The article introduces the concept of «communicative absurd», conceptualize as the content of the actual absurd situation. Diverse examples of such situations are analyzed in the practical part of the work.
Absurd in the language traditionally understood as primarily linguistic phenomenon. However, in a social context, it turns into a communicative, discursive-semiotic phenomenon. Communication absurd can be comprehended as a real absurd situation, which contains a powerful epistemological potential.

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