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PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

INFORMATIONAL FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with identifying the specifics of the informational foundations of modern social development associated with the understanding of a new, post-industrial, information stage in the evolution of society. The article describes the relationship and interdependence of social development with the processes of informational and technological advancements. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the study of the information foundations of social development and the identification of information and information technologies as the central elements of modern social dynamics. The results obtained indicate the spread of information and information technologies in modern society as key sources of social life without the study of which it is impossible to understand the ways of further transformation of modern society. The practical significance of this research lies in the possible use of the obtained results in pedagogical activity of studying social philosophy.

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POSTMODERNITY VALUES AND MODERNIZATION OF TODAY’S RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article presents a philosophical analysis of values in today’s Russian society. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of values in the postmodern era, the provisions describing the modern world from the perspective of historical synergetism are also considered. The values of postmodernization also represent a convergence of opposites: tradition and innovation, religiosity and secularism, democracy and authoritarianism, individuality and collectivism, purposefulness and value rationality, centralization and decentralization, the “either-or” dichotomy and the diversity of the world. The postmodern culture, which introduced its values into the consciousness of Russians, changed the consciousness of the Russian population and formed new norms and attitudes that characterize labor problems.

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PERSONAL AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF STUDENTS: AN ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS AND WAYS OF REGULATING THE RELATIONSHIP OF AN INDIVIDUAL WITH THEMSELVES AND SOCIETY

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In philosophy, the concept of responsibility has never been an abstraction, it has been considered as the most important criterion for evaluating human activity from the standpoint of class, humanistic, religious, or social approaches. Humanity has always paid attention to the phenomenon of responsibility / irresponsibility: for example, all societies have developed such aspects of responsibility as a legal or moral duty. Today, the problem of social responsibility is presented in various fields of scientific knowledge: pedagogy, social psychology, and philosophy. In recent years, a special interest in the problem of social responsibility has been observed in public administration, business, management, and economy as a whole Therefore, the parameters of human adaptation in all spheres of life are important, increasing the personal responsibility of a person for professional trajectories and social positions in general, the readiness of young people to transform social processes. This becomes the task of socialization of today’s college-aged youth.

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A PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMAGINATION, FANTASY AND SELF-REALIZATION OF A PERSON IN THE WORLD

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes imagination and fantasy as phenomena of the human psyche and as significant aspects of a person’s experience, inner world, consciousness, and being. The aim of the study is to use the classical concepts of modern philosophers to reveal the essence of the phenomena of imagination and fantasy in connection with the problem of human self-realization. Based on the concept of thinking of R. Descartes, on the ideas of the transcendental philosophy of I. Kant’s theory of productive imagination, the author defines the functions of imagination and the features of conscious thought processes in their entirety. Also, the author analyzes the specifics of human fantasy based on modern psychological studies of thinking, memory, and imagination. In practical terms, this analysis can act as a basic concept for a culturological research of the creative qualities of a person.

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POETICS OF A KAZAKH HEROIC EPIC

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes the genre of Kazakh heroic epic. It is a type of narrative poem that tells about the feats of arms of the batyrs, who possessed extraordinary physical and moral strength and defended their people from the raids of foreigners. The Kazakh epic originated on the basis of real historical events experienced by the Kazakh people at different times. Therefore, it is the most important monument that testifies to the heroic deeds of the batyrs, to the fortitude of the spirit, and to the customs of the Kazakh people. The works of the heroic epic have entered the structure of Kazakh folklore and occupy a special place within it, while the poetics of this genre lies in discursive forms of thinking that give way to artistic and figurative thinking.

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ON THE MULTIPLICITY OF METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES IN MEDIOLOGY AND THE PROBLEM OF THEIR INTEGRATION

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The analysis of the discourse on the methodological foundations of media research reveals a wide variety of proposed approaches. The current article examines the possibility of creating a unified media methodology and suggests that the coexistence of a unifying strategy in mediology and the tendency to diversify approaches and methods is not only a natural phenomenon but also a positive one. The methodological level has the immanent quality of polysemy, containing a dual message: on the one hand, it gives a sense of intellectual support, on the other hand, freedom of interpretation and the possibility of creating an original version of mediology. The author assumes that in addition to the reflexive level, the nonverbalized cognitive complex has a methodological function, which is manifested, in particular, in the choice of a differentiating or integrating research strategy.

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NIKITA NIKOLAEVICH MOISEEV’S CONCEPT OF COEVOLUTION: ECOPHILOSOPHICAL, ETHICAL AND EDUCATIONAL ASPECTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

One of the most discussed and urgent tasks facing humanity in the 21st century is the transition of our civilization to a new stage of its development, the urgency of which is caused by a number of reasons: from environmental pollution and up to environmental disasters, the depletion of mineral resources, a number of economic crises, rapidly widening wealth gap, the growth of political and military tension. The old system can no longer handle the accumulating problems and challenges. This leads to an increase in contradictions within the system, which in the future can lead humanity to a global catastrophe. Due to this fact, the appeal to the scientific work of N. N. Moiseev, who managed to rethink Vladimir Vernadsky’s concept of noosphere, is seen as relevant, since he offers his own idea of coevolution and designating it as a new step in the development of human civilization.

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CONCEPTUAL PREREQUISITES OF THE “NEW STATE MANAGEMENT”

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The reform of the civil service today largely takes into account the experience of public administration reforms in various countries of the world. In this regard, it is relevant to understand the conceptual foundations of the ideology and international experience of public service reform. The main purpose of the current article is to consider the conceptual prerequisites underlying the recommendations for public service reform proposed by leading international organizations that have chosen “public management” as the base model. The traditional approach to public administration was based on following the values of hierarchy, subordination, and honest service to the common good and the state. The focus of this approach is on the structure and organizational effectiveness in the form of command and control underpinned by a clear public service ethic.

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THE COMBINATION OF DIFFERENT THEORIES OF TRUTH IS THE MAIN FACTOR FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL LANGUAGE AND THE PROCESS OF COMMUNICATION IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF D. DAVIDSON

Posted in 2021, Issue №6 (108) June 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The main purpose of the current article is to present the idea of Donald Davidson’s philosophical concept, which consists in the fact that only through the combination of different concepts is it possible to carry out communication and develop speech communication along with the formation of criteria of true meaning. The main idea of the philosophical concept is the idea that to form and realize true knowledge about the world is possible only based on the aspirations of a person, the place and time of everything that happens, as well as on the practicality of statements.

The objectives of the research are the following: an analysis of the philosopher’s concept from the point of view of the formation and interpretation of meaning; interpretation of the criteria of true knowledge in this teaching; actualization of D. Davidson’s concept from the point of view of combining the theories of truth presented by him. In addition to this task, it is necessary to note the attempts to show, within the framework of the analysis of the issue such as the formation of true meaning of the solution to questions of knowledge of the world, the interpretation of everything that happens and tasks related to communication and speech: the creation of conventions that promote dialogue and understanding between interlocutors.

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ON THE ISSUE OF TRANSLATION OF METAPHOR (WITH REFERENCE TO EVANGELICAL TEXTS)

Posted in 2012, Issue № 3(3) August 2012, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In the paper author considers theoretical and practical aspects of translating metaphor with reference to evangelical concept “THE EYE IS THE LAMP OF THE BODY”. The aim of the first part of the paper is examining of theoretical approaches to the metaphor. The second part of the paper deals with the question about conditions of metaphor’s keeping in translation. In the third part of the paper author illustrates how these theoretical aspects of metaphor’s translation are realized in practice. Author proposes the resume, that neglecting of source form of metaphor for reader’s comfort is the worse way in translating.

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MYTH AND MEMES AS WAYS OF PROPAGATION OF IDEAS

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the reasons that lead to the emergence of crisis tendencies in Russian culture. The study examines myth and meme as informational constructs and investigates their functions and role in the modern globalizing culture. The article describes the Russian culture in the context of determining its relation to myth and meme. Furthermore, the article analyzes the trends in the development of Russian culture under the influence of external actors associated with the spread of Americanized mass culture, the growing influence of the Chinese language and culture, and the widespread use of manipulative technologies for processing the consciousness of young people. Special attention is paid to the study of the role of myth and meme as formative constructs of modern culture. It is concluded that myth and meme are independent variables that, under the influence of external cultures themselves, in turn influence the transformation of the cultural values of the Russian people, leveling the national specific character of Russian culture.

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ON THE “SPECIAL NATURE” OF CAPITALISM

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

the paper calls into question the thesis that the economic system of European-American capitalism of the last two centuries is a kind of mutation that ostensibly fundamentally falls out of the general range of (traditional) economies. As Aristotle stated, the passion for profit for the sake of profit did not appear (as a mass phenomenon) with the advent of capitalism. If the goal of activity under capitalism truly resembles the pursuit of maximum profit, then in essence it is the same as in any other economic system, which is minimizing the input/output ratio while maximizing control over any types of resources. According to the authors of the article, Western civilization is indeed a mutation that fundamentally falls out of the general series of civilizations; however, this tradition gap is localized not in the field of economics but in social relations and social ethics.

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INTERFAITH INTERACTION IN THE ASSESSMENTS AND VIEWS OF THE RESIDENTS OF THE ALTAI-SAYAN REGION IN THE 2010S: NATURE, GROUNDS, AND FACTORS OF ESCALATION OF TENSIONS

Posted in 2021, Issue №5 (107) May 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The current article analyzes the dynamics of changes in the assessments of interfaith interactions by the residents of the republics of Khakassia, Altai and Tyva based on the results of ethnosociological studies in the period from 2013 to 2019. The results of research data analysis conducted in the region demonstrate that the tension in interfaith relations is determined by a number of factors, has the character of a positive-functional disagreement, and is not accompanied by a social conflict of action. It is in the author’s opinion that in general, the strengthening of the denominational component in the system of determinants of social development is not so much a cause as a manifestation of crisis phenomena and objective processes of sociocultural transformations in the country and the region.

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ANALYSIS OF THE GENESIS, UNDERSTANDING AND TRANSFORMATION OF TERMS DENOTING THE FOLLOWERS OF DESTRUCTIVE RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS IN RUSSIA FROM THE EARLY 16TH TO THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article examines the process of evolution of the term definitions used to denote the followers of destructive religious organizations in pre-revolutionary Russia. The main purpose of the article is to analyze the genesis and transformation of the terms “eretik” (heretic) and “sektant” (sectarian, cultist) in the Russian research literature of the pre-revolutionary period. The aim of the study is to analyze the use of these terms in the works of pre-revolutionary authors who studied such entities from the mid-19th to the early 20th century. In addition to actualizing the terms under study, the article determines the possibility of their application to modern representatives of destructive religious organizations.

This review article is based on the methods of analysis, synthesis and generalization of pre-revolutionary literature on religious sects.

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PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: THE PROBLEM OF CREATING A SCIENTIFIC THEORY IN THE MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Posted in 2021, Issue №4 (106) April 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In the historical development of various branches of science, three main methods of constructing a scientific theory were formed: descriptive, hypo­thetico-deductive, and axiomatic. The biomedi­cal sciences are currently less developed than the physical sciences; they continue to use the descriptive method, which has ceased to meet the modern methodological requirement. The current study proposes a method of constructing a modern scientific biological theory, which is based on a consistent deductive system of fundamental philosophical, general scientific, physical, and biological principles. The basis of a biological theory must include only the fundamental principles that are characteristic solely of all biological objects.

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VIEW FOR A TERM OF “HAPPINESS” IN THE LIGHT OF PHILOSOPHY OF K.D. USHINSKY

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article represents “happiness” as a term of philosophical aspects of Russian philosopher K.D. Ushinsky.

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THE PRINCIPLE OF UNIVERSAL RELATIONSHIP IN SCIENCE

Posted in 2013, Issue November 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The principle of universal relationship in different cultures understood differently (causality, Tao). Therefore scientific fact in one system of knowledge is random in another knowledge system.

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AN INDIVIDUAL BETWEEN A FAKE AND A FACT IN THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №3 (105) March 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article gives a general idea of the processes of digitalization and post-digitalization, the use of digital technologies, and the consequences an individual can face from their use. The purpose of the study is to analyze a person in the condition of information flows and to identify the problem of fake information and actual knowledge; to consider the aspects of civilization as a show, its prerequisites for formation, to identify the main trends of the current stage of the development of society. The article examines the positive and negative consequences for people and society from the widespread use of digital technologies. The study identifies the key fields that require further research, especially in the context of post-pandemic recovery. The author emphasizes the priority of attention to the individual as well as the impact technological and social changes on humans that is based on socio-humanitarian values and methods.

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SVYATOST, SOFIYNOST, DUHOVNOST AS BASES OF THE RUSSIAN MENTALITY

Posted in 2013, Issue 12(19) December 2013, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Summary: article is devoted to an influence problem исихазма on formation of cultural wealth of the Russian culture, and also to manifestation of traditions исихазма in sociocultural and art spheres. Research objective – studying of reflection of ideas исихазма in the Russian culture; task – to reveal manifestations исихазма as the doctrinal text in art culture, in particular, in an iconography. Practical application – use of results of research in training courses on philosophy, cultural science, history and the art theory, educational work with bachelors concerning esthetic and spiritual development, in spiritual educational institutions concerning church art.

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POSTHUMAN TRAJECTORY OF HIGH TECHNOLOGIES

Posted in 2021, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article discusses the problems of the formation of posthuman tendencies caused by high technology. The target of the research is modern postmodern practices of transformation of the human body and consciousness, which cause ambiguous anthropological consequences. The subject of the study is the systematization of fundamental evolutionist manifestations, which find their expression in the erosion of the status of man as a natural being that cause a crisis of self-identification. The research is based on philosophical and anthropological ideas about the limits of evolutionary transformations of the biological nature of man and the understanding of man as a finite, transitory phenomenon. These views are controversial, which is why they are of particular interest. The article lays out significant strategies of universal evolution associated with postmodernism and claiming not only to formulate new meanings of human existence but also to reformat a person as a living being, since they destroy the existing self-identification of the individual, offering nothing positive in return. The desire to construct an “ideal” person (posthuman) has unpredictable consequences, which certainly makes the notion dangerous.

Man continues to be a problem for himself. Humanity’s focus on itself is natural, so the most profound changes concern anthropological concepts. The problem is caused by the fact that the study of man as a social being with natural foundations is not rejected, however the utopian projects of creating a posthuman (that is, beyond nature) are multiplying due to the development of science and technology. It is worth asking such questions as to how scientifically sound are these technologies? What is the level of harm that the consequences of the implementation of these plans can bring? The search for answers to these questions is extremely relevant.

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