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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOSOPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 18+

ARCHEOLOGY OF POST-ANTHROPOLOGICAL THINKING

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The research analyses the conceptual lines of the so-called “post-anthropological” epoch of the end of the XX and the beginning of the XXI century, when, after the proclamation of the “death” of a man, subject, author, the idea of a person’s self-identity has been deformed by scientific and philosophical discourses, or has even been completely “erased,” as it was said by M. Foucault, as “a face drawn in sand at the edge of the sea.” The article discusses the problem of man in the original epistemological concept of M. Foucault’s “archeology,” the concept of “post-historical man” of A. Kozhev and its refraction in the concepts of “unemployed negativity” of J. Bataille and “experience-limit” of M. Blanchot. It turns out that the archeology of the post-anthropology paradigm based on the idea of the end of the history of mind, at the same time reveals the possibility of another arche thinking of a man based on the “history of insanity” understood as the truth of a man hidden in the history of the discourse of “reason” and “unreason”.

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EXISTENTIAL CRISIS IN MIRROR OF NOTHING: DIFFICULTIES OF ONTOPROJECTING

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article criticizes the basic attitudes of substantialism (in two versions of metaphysics of I. Kant and G. Hegel) from the point of view of their transformation in ontoprojection as a philosophical strategy (building a world outlook as a project uniting “a world around man” and the “man-designer of the world”). The non-constructiveness of the negation and representation of the Absolute, based on the negative self-determination-restriction, is shown in the perspective of the modern task of philosophy – overcoming the existential crisis.

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VIOLATION OF SOCIAL VALUES CONTINUITY IN PROCESS OF GENERAL DIALOGUE: DYNAMIC AND STATIC ASPECTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The process of social reproduction associated with the transfer of behavior models, values and vectors of development is extremely important for maintaining the stability and integrity of social structure. Young people are the most active, dynamically developing social group and the future of society largely depends on the characteristics of youth. The article analyzes the main problems associated with the implementation of the process of social reproduction. The importance of individualistic and collectivist social attitudes as factors of social traditions transfer is considered. Static and dynamic factors of continuity violation of social values transfer are determined. A general review of current trends in the development of society was conducted and priority directions for optimizing the situation were identified.

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ECOLOGICAL TECHNOSPHERE AS A MEDIUM OF SOCIAL AND NATURAL INTERACTION

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the ecological technosphere as a promising direction for building harmonious relationships between man and nature. The author touches upon the problem of social and natural development in the context of transformation of cultural values of modern civilization. Technical and technical activity of a person in the context of the technosphere has strengthened the ecological-economic and ecological-social situation. Initiation of prerequisites of formation of ecologically harmonized technosphere – an ecological technosphere results.

The perspective sphere of human activity considered by the author appeals to the transition from the anthropocentric paradigm of modern social development to the biospherecentric (ecosophic, coevolutionary). Thus, the environmental technosphere is interpreted as the defining stage in the process of building a new socio-cultural model of the way of life of human civilization, within which oppositely directed forces of stability and variability contribute to the evolution of the «technology-human-nature» system, a socioprogenic relationship.

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LONELINESS IN THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHICAL CULTURE

Posted in 2018, Issue №7(73) July 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to philosophical understanding of the phenomenon of loneliness. The author believes that this phenomenon is relevant not only to the existential, but also to the cultural and historical dynamics of the individual and society. The article reflects a historical digression into the study of the problem of loneliness in philosophy. The phenomenon of loneliness is considered on the example of creativity of specific philosophers and thinkers. The author traces how during the development of philosophical thought the concept of loneliness has changed and distinguishes two main periods of interpretation of the phenomenon of loneliness in the course of its analysis.

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РОЛЬ ТВОРЧЕСТВА Ф. НИЦШЕ В РУССКОЙ КУЛЬТУРЕ

Posted in 2018, Issue №2(68) February 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Проводится анализ творчества Ф. Ницше в системе русской национально-культурной специфики. В статье осуществляется исторический анализ распространения взглядов Ф. Ницше в русском обществе на рубеже XIX-начала ХХ веков и во второй половине ХХ века. В статье показывается особенности «русского» прочтения произведений Ф. Ницше, которое во многом способствовало распространению как интереса к его трудам, так и создавало своеобразный культ самого автора и его идей. Особое внимание уделяется выявлению основных точек пересечения философских концептов Ф. Ницше с особенностями русского мировоззрения.

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SUBJECTIVE INTERACTIONS UNDER CONDITIONS OF MODERN TECHNOLOGICAL MODE

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the nature of subjective interactions in the dynamic technogenical and informational environments of the network society. A detailed description of the evolution of the technological mode, with a digital culture as its symbol, and the specifics of human-technology interactions in a networked mode are specified. The authors emphasize the spontaneous design of subjective interactions in information networks, determined by the technological environment. The social and anthropological setting is supposed to be the methodological basis for the design of subjective interactions, in the conceptual framework of which the technological, communicative and normative-value aspects of the subject interactions, and the specifics of the network technological order, are organically combined.

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MORALS OF GREAT “DWARFS”: FROM ACADEMIC GOSSIPS TO VOLKSSTURM

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The emancipation of such a subject area as a “psychology of creativity” is a symptom of the conventionality of claims of scientism advocates to absolute power in cultural and social life. This observation concerns not only parliamentarians from the humanities, but also the representatives of the “natural sciences”; otherwise, naturalists would have to admit that the notorious objectivity of scientific knowledge is not at all a reminiscence of the actual order of things, but simply their own ability to speak truth.
A science, and a “science of nature” in particular, is carried out by people and for people. The well-known conditionality of scientific behavior on the part of a mind is just as normal and unremovable as the self-reflection of philosophical thinking. In this sense, the tendency of the great toilers of the university field to “academic gossip” is the “incident” of correspondence (1920-1963) of M. Heidegger and K. Jaspers and is “normal”, says that nothing human is unknown to them. The difference, perhaps is that, they are convincing no less than in their public lectures and epistolary studies; and they understand not less than in metaphysics.
F. Nietzsche, capturing the power of simplicity as the total principle of the arrangement not only of everyday life, but of high culture, expressed it in an exhaustive way: the human is too human … It is time for us to understand that this “human” is not a guarantee of any kind there was exclusivity, and, in fact, ethically indifferent attribution, equalizing the rights of both the righteous / the sinner and the naturalist / humanist.

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FORMATION OF ARCHITECTONICS OF SPACE WITH THE HELP OF THE HERO’S IMAGE: SYSTEMOLOGY OF THEORETICAL CRITICAL SYNARCHY

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The postmodern crisis of the Russian society has put the social philosopher in the face of competing worldview paradigms, schools, directions and the task of returning the topic of labour not only to the aesthetic, but also architectonic and creative transformational sphere. The kinds of art organically connected with labour include photo journalism, photo art and live television broadcast which have actively helped country’s sustainable development making the artistic process hierarchical while turning “potentially possible” into a real one with the help of moral and aesthetic. Organizational technologies, propaganda and branding are similar to the use of dialectics of general and special incorporating system methodology of the theoretical-critical synarchy.

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REFLECTION IN LIGHT OF IMAGINATION: SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL CONTEXT

Posted in 2018, Issue №1(67) January 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The necessity of reflection as a factor of personal maturity is substantiated in the article in a social and philosophical context. The points of view of L.N. Tolstoy on the life success and Michio Kaku on the human abilities that are in demand in the 21st century (creativity, imagination, initiative) are presented in the paper, the need to take them into account by the modern generation of 17-25-year-old people is highlighted as well. The attention is focused on the views of philosophers and artists who based their arguments on the need to develop the imagination of a person, such as Pythagoras, Aristotle and V.V. Kandinsky. It is indicated that the presence of a developed imagination is able not only to enrich the emotional and sensual side of a person’s life, but also to promote a moral perfection and, as a result, to improve the qualities of social life.

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CONSUMERIST SOCIETY AS THE REALITY OF POST-IDEOLOGY EPOCH

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The following paper considers consumerist society in the context of the post-ideology epoch through the prism of Jean Baudrillard’s social philosophy. The philosopher, being ahead of his time, considers the transformation of the system of social relations through the genesis and evolution of the term “end of ideology” where the political recedes into the background in the scheme of ideology. The ideology of universal consumption begins to play a dominant role as the basic element of the consumerist society existence. The function of an individual is reduced to the satisfaction of artificially created needs, the purpose of which is to ensure the reproducibility of the system of things.

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MEANING OF LIFE AS WAY OF HUMAN SELF-REALIZATION

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The problem of the meaning of life is an question for everyone. At the same time, this eternal human problem, remains permanently topical in philosophy, and does not have a final solution which reliefs a person from self-search for answer to this question. The truth in the version of solution, proposed by someone is impossible here, since the subordination of an individual destiny to it implies the lack of a person’s creative potential, which is essential for independent understanding of person’s own life. In this case, a person is doomed to a vital position dictated by ideology and conditions of being. The authors do not offer a formula meaning, but a way of maximizing inherent in the individual potential of all features (including Smart) in the moral line at every stage of life. The effectiveness of this movement gives a sense of the value of life, its meaning, as it is objectively such.

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CONSTRUCTIVE CHARACTER IN N.V. GOGOL’S WORKS IN CONTEXT OF NONCLASSICAL LEARNING THEORY

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The features of N.V. Gogol’s works are considered in the paper, based on the ideas of modern epistemology. The author identified and analyzed typical cognitive constructions, the use of which was a unique way for the writer to represent the reality in an artistic text. Thus, the analysis of the name construct as a means of disclosing the characteristics of heroes, situations or the main idea of a work is given. It is shown that the construct of the “silent scene” was used by Gogol to depict the unexpectedness and unpredictability of the unfolding events, feelings and moods of the characters. The value of the laughter construct of N.V. Gogol is determined not only by the fact that he fought hypocrisy, flouts, denounces, and revealed vices, but also as a means of purifying the human soul.

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DISPUTES ON DIALECTICS

Posted in 2017, Issue №12(66) December 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

One of the achievements of the philosophy of 19th century is the Hegel’s doctrine on the development of existence and being. This concept served as an impetus for research in this topic of many thinkers of later eras. This article is devoted to revealing the features of their approaches to the treatment of Hegelian dialectics. It analyzes the features of the materialist dialectic, the so-called “negative dialectic” by T. Adorno, the transitional version between them is the doctrine of A. Kozhev, and the position of the modern Russian notionalist, A.A. Ivina.

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BRANDING IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD (SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ANALYSIS)

Posted in 2017, Issue №11(65) November 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

In the paper, the definition of the “branding” concept from the socio-philosophical point of view was explored. The process of creating a new brand and its promotion to the market is described step by step. The processes of formulating brand philosophy in the PR industry are analyzed, as well as schemes for promoting the goods for a certain target audience. The signs of the brand are formulated, which allow to determine its quality and value for the buyer, and at the same time provide an opportunity to distinguish the product of this brand from competitors.

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MILITARY ETHOS AS AN ETHICAL UNIVERSAL

Posted in 2017, Issue №11(65) November 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

Until now, the problem of military ethics was considered mainly as a reflection of the practice, related solely to the war conduction. This article proposes a historical-comparative and philosophical-ethical analysis on the basis of which the universal ethical meanings within the military practice are determined. This in turn allows us to update the significance of the military ethos in the new context of the modern society: to follow its values in the military field more carefully and also to use its achievements in various civil sociocultural practices.

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SOCIO-CULTURAL STEREOTYPTIZATION OF MIGRANTS IN THE REGIONAL SOCIAL MEDIUM

Posted in 2017, Issue №11(65) November 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

This work is devoted to the problem of socio-cultural stereotypes existence in relation to migrants and their influence on interethnic relations in the regional society. There is a correlation between such concepts as “stereotype,” “ethnic stereotype” and “socio-cultural stereotype.” Alternatives of their reflection in the minds of the representatives of the host community are described. Two main concepts of the host community’s attitude towards migrants are singled out: The concept of development and the concept of security. Based on the data of the mass sociological survey conducted in the republics of Altai, Tyva and Khakassia, a conclusion is made about the dominance of security ideas in the regional society under study.

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METAPHYSICS OF UNITOTALITY: SEARCH FOR THE IDEAL OF BEING INTEGRITY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the analysis of fundamental foundations of metaphysics in the Russian philosophy of unitotality. The work considers the ideal of integral and perfect being in connection with the spiritual evolution of man. It is noted that for the representatives of the philosophy of unitotality, only the perfection of man gives the Absolute content and meaning and is able to direct the development of human and cosmic history along the path of true unity. It is concluded that the search for the ideal in the domestic religious philosophy is a unity of ontological and ethical perfection.

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SPIRITUAL AND PHYSICAL HEALTH OF A PERSON IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPTS OF THE WEST AND THE EAST

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the spiritual and physical health as a state of harmony with the world, analyzes the representations and knowledge about human health, as well as the means leading to its acquisition. The sources and causes of the emergence of diseases and their interpretation from the philosophical point of view of the West and the East are explored. Characteristic features of the philosophical concepts of Southeast Asia (Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism) are determined. The art and the healing are considered. They serve as the purpose of sharing good and love with all living beings in these philosophical concepts. The spiritual knowledge, accumulated by Tibetan Buddhism, actively used for man’s spiritual development and preservation of health nowadays is also considered. It is noted that a person represented in the multidimensionality of their spiritual being, both in Western and Eastern philosophical concepts, should be treated as a cultural and creative process that ensures a creative component of the social organism.

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HUMAN HEALTH AS CONSENT WITH ONESELF AND HARMONY WITH THE WORLD IN ORIENTAL PHILOSOPHY AND TIBETAN MEDICINE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the Tibetan medical science from the standpoint of the Buddhist and Taoist world view, examines the criteria of health and disease and substantiates the concept of a human presented in the ancient treatises of the East. The spiritual and bodily health of a person as a harmonious union with the world is considered in the paper, the ideas on the essence of a human and the influence of social conditions on health and development of diseases are analyzed from the position of Tibetan medicine, which is different in its representations from the modern Western medicine. It is noted that according to Buddhist philosophy, moral and ethical aspects are highly important in Tibetan medicine, especially in the consideration of the etiology of diseases.

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