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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

INDIVIDUAL MORALITY AND PUBLIC MORALITY IN OSTROVSKY’S PLAY UNENDOWED BRID AND E. WARTON’S NOVEL THE HOUSE OF MIRTH

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of the system of moral values of the Russian merchants, presented in the A.N. Ostrovsky’s play “Unendowed Bride,” and the fashionable New York society portrayed by E. Wharton in the novel “The House of Mirth.” The author presents the comparative analysis of the images of the main characters, who are representatives of the studied social groups. It allows us to conclude that the processes occurring in the United States and Russia by the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century are similar, as well as their negative impact on the moral principles and moral standards of society.

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CONNOTATION OF IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS IN POLITICAL DISCOURSE IN FRENCH MEDIA

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In this article, the author examines the connotative aspect of idioms in French political discourse on the example of the leading French political newspapers Le Monde, Le Figaro, Le Point. The author emphasizes the importance of the contact-establishing function in modern political discourse, highlights the features of discursive functions, draws attention to the difficulties in the translation of idioms. The author notes the need for analytical developments in this area due to their insufficiency. The linguistic aspect of political communication is relevant for every person and a citizen. It forms a general picture of the world and specific political decisions that are decisive for the creation of society as a whole.

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TWELVE IDEAS TO MAXIMIZE IMPACT ON STUDENTS’ LANGUAGE LEARNING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 03(93) March 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article covers the salient issues of modern education: what is the best way to improve students’ progress, what factors influence the students’ achievements in learning, how to make education process more efficient resulted in greater learning success of more number of students? The paper focuses on individual features of a student and a teacher, their working relationships, and education methods used in teaching. The author proposes twelve ways (“ideas”) to enhance foreign language teaching efficiency in a non-philological institute of higher education.

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PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN TAJIK LANGUAGE

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Phraseological units (phraseological units) are the important part of the lexical composition of any language. Developing over the centuries as one of the important elements of the language, they developed in accordance with its laws and rules. This article is devoted to the current topic of the problem of studying phraseological units in the Tajik language.

The study of phraseological units in the Tajik language shows that the existing problems of phraseology were solved in Soviet times based on the Russian language, but they were not studied enough in the Tajik language. The study of phraseology in Russian is associated with the famous linguist V.V. Vinogradov. The analyzes show that the study of phraseological units, the use and their place in colloquial speech are defined.

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ROLE OF THE LINGUISTIC POLICY OF FRANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE FACTOR IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses practical application and development of the language factor in the spectrum of international relations. As the area of the development of countries, actors and their relationships becomes gradually dominated by “soft force,” the philological aspect of this type of political influence [soft force] in the form of linguistic policy plays an important role in the further evolution of the international situation. Each state forms its own approach to the implementation of the linguistic factor in the framework of local, regional and global processes. A study of the activities of France in the development of this factor related to the humanitarian science, and namely philology, was carried out to identify the areas of the language factor development in a given country and to analyze the results of these activities. An important role in the development of the “soft force” of France is played by the international organization called Francophonie, which has a set of multidirectional goals and objectives that help spread and strengthen the positions of French language and culture. The purpose of this article is to consider the philological aspect of the country’s development at the international arena and to prove its impact on general intercultural communication. The results of this work can be applied in the study of linguistic policy and the role of the language factor in the development of present-day society.

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LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF GENOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF INGUSH NARTOLOGY

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses some aspects of linguistic (and not only) problems of the Ingush Nart epos. The place and vernacularity of the Ingush epic tales in the North Caucasus Nartiade are emphasized, they unite all the Caucasian peoples in one way or another.

The authors provide the review of the main sources on the Ingush Nart epos. The features of the influence and mutual influence of the languages-adstrata on the general cultural North Caucasian substrate are shown. The excerpts from a speech by a well-known specialist in the field of narrative science, Professor I. A. Dakhkilgov, with an analysis of some Nart myths are given in the paper.

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INNOVATIVE POTENTIALOF A PODCAST AS AN INTEGRATED MEDIA TECHNOLOGY

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The current stage of media development is characterized by the rapid development of new media formats that can improve the efficiency of media. The article considers a podcast as an audio or video file for transmitting information in traditional media. Analysis from the perspective of digital access, institutional factors and personnel characteristics enables describing a podcast as a format for simplified presentation of information, which combines rich content and freedom of interpretation, and constitutes the innovative potential of podcasts as a new media format.

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SEMANTICS OF GENERAL CONDITIONALITY AND WAYS OF ITS EXPRESSION IN RUSSIAN PAREMIES

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper describes the author’s assumption that within the grouping of functional-semantic fields of conditionality there is a zone in which particular values (reason, condition) cannot be uniquely differentiated. It is proved that there are grounds for isolating a microfield of general conditionality. The evidence for the existence of this microfield is summarized, fragmented in the works of scientists of the functional direction. The need to highlight the semantics of general conditioning is demonstrated on the material of Russian paremias (proverbs and signs).

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TAJ AD-DIN IBN YALCHIGUL’S INTERPRETER TECHNIQUE (ON EXAMPLE OF INTERPRETATION TO AL-BAKARA SURA)

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the interpretation of the sacred text used by the Bashkir theologian Taj ad-Din Ibn Yalchigul in the interpretation of one-seventh of the Koran. It was revealed that the author follows the classical canon of clarification of the Muslim text, using philological, historical, biographical and religious legal commentary. The ethical-didactic emphasis in the interpretation of text elements that do not contain direct appeals to believers is specific to the studied monument.

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FRAGMENTS OF TURKISH HISTORY OF THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY AND THE IMAGE OF ATATURK IN THE FOLKLORE OF THE KARACHAY-BALKAR DIASPORA

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The work analyzes the folklore of the diaspora, which clearly reflects the events that took place in Turkey a hundred years ago during the formation of a democratic republic. The course of these dramatic events and the role that the Karachay-Balkar Muhajirs played in them are revealed based on historical facts and recollections of the descendants of the war veterans. Legends and traditions, songs and stories about the historical events of the first quarter of the twentieth century, as well as memories of the outstanding Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, have been preserved in the diaspora. He is honored in folk songs and legends among the descendants of the Muhajirs. The participants in the bloody battles at Canakkale and other theaters of war are an example for diaspora youth today when the country is forced to resolve border conflicts.

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VOCABULARY AS A REFLECTION OF THE RELIGIOUS AND MYTHOLOGICAL VIEWS OF THE BRITISH PEOPLE (ON THE MATERIAL OF BRITISH FOLK TALES)

Posted in 2014, Issue June 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Tale in any culture takes an important place. It rightfully belongs to the great wisdom of all people, and is enshrined in a special way in the language. The tale has preserved traces of many rituals and customs. This article dwells upon the problem of understanding of the concept “WATER” and describes its semantic potential in various British folk tales.

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TEXT AS THE MEDIA FOR LANGUAGE COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2014, Issue June 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the text as a communicative unit, which is characterized by the pragmatic placing of the speaker. The author analyses main components of the pragmatics and proves their connection. It was highlighted the features of the text in written form and analyzed the model of the communication in the texts of the business sphere.

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PROBLEM OF FORMATION OF THE SCIENTIFIC STYLE OF SPEECH AT THE BEGINNING OF LEARNING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 01(91) January 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article identifies the main problems of introducing special subjects at the preparatory department (using the example of the preparatory department of the Volgograd State Pedagogical University, students from China). The problem of formation of the scientific style of speech at the initial stage of studying Russian as a foreign language is considered. The problem of the lexical minimum of the scientific style of speech is solved. The authors of the article offer practical tips aimed at successfully overcoming difficulties that arise.

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ON TERMINOLOGICAL PROBLEMATICS OF LANGUAGE MODALITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 01(91) January 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In this work, the author polemicizes on the accuracy of the “objective-relative modality” term proposed instead of the “objective modality” term. He is trying to investigate the process of realization of objective modality in “specially modeled conditions”, that is, in “binding to the concept of reliability”. As a result, it is concluded that the online mode is not a sufficient condition for the implementation of objective modality with an oral representation of a real-life event.

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ROLE OF CONFERENCE INTERPRETER IN THE FIELD OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 01(91) January 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to analyze the role of simultaneous interpreter in international relations. The article discusses the notions of linguistics, simultaneous conference interpreting, and interpreter. We also studied the main types of simultaneous conference interpreting, the functions of an interpreter and presented the norms of behavior in negotiations and at official meetings.

We looked into the difficulties of the profession of a simultaneous interpreter and, in this regard, proposed possible options for removing or minimizing them. We also touched on the topic of the history of the emergence of simultaneous conference interpreting, which replaced consecutive interpreting. With this article, we tried to outline what skills are necessary to become an interpreter. We also drew attention to the aspect of the emotionality of the interpreter and their influence on negotiations.

In conclusion, we proved the importance of simultaneous conference interpreting in the field of international relations.

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PREDICATIVE GROUPS AS PART OF MACROSTRUCTURES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 01(91) January 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes the denotative referential status of structuralized elements of explicit macrostructures in the discourse, namely, predicative groups that are studied in an independent linguistic study. The components of explicit macrostructures with a defined and weakly defined reference are revealed, the contents of which are known to the author but unknown to the reader.

The analysis of linguistic material showed that macrostructures contain toponyms, names of historical figures, and individual noun groups, where the author of the text and the reader accept the existence of fictitious characters and events as conditionally true presuppositions of the components with a certain referential status.

It was also concluded that the criterion of sufficiency is important to determine the referential status of a name or a noun group, that is, as its addressee and addresser imagine.

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STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SPECIALZED TEXT IN BUILDING SUBLANGUAGE

Posted in 2014, Issue May 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers a brief review of such notions as specialized text, term, and sublanguage (or Language for Special Purposes – LSP), also it considers their characteristics and key points of sublanguage on the Russian and the English languages on the material of building sublanguage.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PHRASEOLOGISMS WITH THE NAMES OF ANIMALS IN AVARSKIY AND ENGLISH

Posted in 2014, Issue May 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the analysis and comparison of avarskiy and English phraseological units, consisting of the names of animals. The author of this article gives the examples of phraseological units, including the names of animals, describing the character of a person, so as: a sly character, cowardice and courage.

Topicality of this theme of the article is the incomplete scrutiny of the zoomorphisms, which describe a person’s character of avarskiy and English in comparative aspect.

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PECULIARITIES OF EPONYMOUS SPORT TERMS TRANSLATION: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH VARIANTS

Posted in 2014, Issue May 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes the difficulties of translating terms formed on the base of proper names and used in different genres of sport discourse. The article presents one-word and complex terms, illustrates the problems of their graphical presentation, transcribing, choice of structure and rendering of their meaning. The solution of eponymous terms translation problem is complex and presupposes their study in the formal, semantic and functional aspects.

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SUMMARY CONDITIONS FOR MULTICOMPONENT TERMS OF MODERN AVIATION TERMINOLOGY

Posted in 2019, Issue № 12(90) December 2019, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The multicomponent terms of the aviation terminology are the object of this work. The paper is devoted to the study of compliance with one of the basic requirements for the term as a phenomenon – the principle of brevity. The methods and models for reducing multicomponent aviation terms are studied and classified in detail in work. The author comes to the conclusion that the English-language multicomponent aviation terms fulfill the condition of brevity due to the implementation of a functionally equivalent secondary sign of the term concept. Various types of abbreviations and some morphological methods for the formation of new multicomponent aviation terms play this role in the modern aviation terminological system.

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