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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

GENERAL THEORETICAL BASIS OF EXPRESSING PREFERENCES-COMPARISONS IN THE SYSTEM OF AXIOLOGICAL MODALITIES (ON THE MATERIAL OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to consider modal phrases that express preference and comparison in terms of their semantic and pragmatic characteristics, as well as modal functions realized in utterances by means of the English language. The scientific novelty of the paper is predetermined by the currently used integrated approach to the study of the preference and comparison modality as poly-modality expressed in the form of modal phrases in the context of the problem analysis of the axiological modality of a literary text. The study deepened scientific ideas concerning the modality of the literary text, as well as syntactic, logical, and grammatical modal phrases of preference-comparison in the system of preferential sentences.

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TRANSLATION METHOD FOR ZOONYM CHARACTERS IN SHIJING BOOK OF SONGS FROM POINT OF VIEW OF THEORY OF FUNCTIONAL EQUIVALENCE (ON EXAMPLE OF RUSSIAN TRANSLATION OF SHIJING BY A. A. SHTUKIN)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper analyzes the role of the theory of functional equivalence in the translation of animal characters. The Book of songs and poems called Shijin translated by A. A. Shtukin was the material for analysis. Shijin is the earliest collection of folk songs and poems of various genres in Chinese history. Many characters of animals have been created in Shijin, in which information about the rich traditional culture of China is encrypted. The scientific novelty of this work is in the analysis of methods for translating animal characters in Shijin from the point of view of the theory of functional equivalence. The paper basically summarizes three translation methods: literal translation, the method for adding a comment, and the replacement method. In the future, the results of the analysis may be useful in the practice of translating more Chinese poems.

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STUDY ON SMÔT OF KHMER ETHNICITY IN TRA VINH

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper initially affirms that Smôt is a genre within the folklore art-stock of the Khmer in the South in general and Tra Vinh in particular, which carries cultural features of the Khmer folklore and folk arts but has not been subject to any scientific research in Vietnam yet. In detail, the article clarifies the concept, describes the types of Smôt and identifies the de facto of Smôt text currently remaining in Tra Vinh. Additionally, the article provides additional comparisons on Smôt characteristics of the Khmer in Tra Vinh and one in Cambodia. This is the result of a long-term research on Khmer folklore and the author’s collections and fieldwork in 2019.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF NOMINATIONSIN THE NOVEL W. STEIG’S SHREK! AND SAME CARTOON BY E. ADAMSON

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This study is devoted to the analysis of the education activity and the use of English nominations in a comparative aspect, based on the material of a novel and an animated film of the same name. It was revealed that direct nominations dominate indirect ones both in the book and in the film; The analysis of the types of nominations showed that the product is dominated by nominations, including relative pronouns, and verbal nominations with a pronoun in the film; the external form of nominations in the comparable speech acts is similar – most of the nominations are non-derivative.

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LIFE IN BOX AS ANALOGY OF “IN CASE” LIFE IN “THE BOX MAN” NOVEL BY ABE KOBO

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper considers the image of a box in The Box Man novel by K. Abe. One can trace the connection between K. Abe’s novel and Chekhov’s Little Trilogy. The author has revealed the allusive connections of K. Abe’s novel with the A.P. Chekhov’s story Man in a Case. The artistic techniques of creating the image of a box in the novel of a Japanese writer are analyzed in this paper. It is concluded that K. Abe creates the image of a “box man”, which, on the one hand, acts as an analogue of Chekhov’s Man in a Case, and on the other, looks at the very essence of the “box” in a different way: for a character, a box becomes an opportunity for self-identification and repulsing modern society with its deceitful morality.

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MISTAKES OF TRANSLATIONS IN VARIOUS FIELDS OF ACTIVITIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper discusses the importance of translation activities and the role of the translator in eliminating translation mistakes, analyzes the characteristic features of translation activities, and describes the reasons for translation mistakes in the examples given. It is also noted in this work that, along with other educational processes of the modern world, translation activity remains one of the most important areas in the field of knowledge.

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“AT THE DEPTHS.” ON THE NARRATIVE AND MOTIVE COMPLEX OF THE SECOND PART OF VASIL FEDOROV’S POEM “LYRICAL TRILOGY” (ON THE OCCASION OF THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT VICTORY)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the second chapter of Vasily Fedorov’s poem “Lyrical Trilogy.” The chapter is devoted to the theme of the Great Patriotic War. The narrative and motive complex, as well as the main theme and idea are considered. The key idea of the whole chapter, its keynote is “the soul that managed to grow through the grief with a joyful smile.” It is stated in the epigraph. Here the epigraph (or “inserted work”) cohesively links the two parts of the poem “Lyrical Trilogy” – the first and the second. The second chapter is about the dungeon, but its name should not be perceived in a straightforward and unambiguous way. “At the depths” of V. Fedorov’s soul and poetry we can clearly see distinctive “irregularities” and “scars” and the author implicitly appeals to them here. The integrity of the poem is ensured by the general idea of saving the homeland and the spiritual formation of a person. Vasily Fedorov manifests traditional values with his work, and helps us to commemorate the heroes of the Great Patriotic War and labour, as well as those who, with their works, help the current generation to preserve the memory of these heroes.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FREQUENCY OF USE OF PRONOUNS IN COLLOQUIAL SPEECH AND BOOK LANGUAGE (BASED ON MATERIAL OF KIDNAPPED NOVEL BY R. L. STEVENSON)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The goal of this work is to study the frequency of use of English pronouns in colloquial speech and in book language based on the material of R. L. Stevenson’s Kidnapped novel. The comparative analysis showed that the frequency of use of pronouns in colloquial speech significantly exceeds the book language. The author highlighted eight most frequently used pronouns in each of the functional styles and revealed both common features (pronoun I) and various (in colloquial speech, isolated instances of using he, his, him, that (as a connecting pronoun); and you, your, you in the book language (in the object case), no), which is explained by the necessary linguistic support for each of the considered functional areas.

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MODERN RUSSIAN NEWSPEAK: VARIETIES AND TRENDS OF DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the essence and main features of the Russian newspeak and stages of its development in the XX century and today. The study clarifies and supplements the meaning of the term in modern Russian. The main varieties of this phenomenon at the current stage of language development, the regularities of the newspeak’s further development and its influence on the literary language, are also highlighted and described.

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SOME FEATURES OF ORAL SPEECH DISCOURSE OPERATION WHEN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This paper is devoted to the features of the discourse functioning of oral foreign language messages. The development of oral communicative competence, which is based on a wide knowledge base on the nature of the discourse of oral foreign language utterance, takes the central place in teaching a foreign language. General communication strategies for foreign language learners are highlighted as well. The knowledge of the processes of oral speech reproduction, the nature, and functioning of oral foreign language discourse is the basis for the colloquial teaching speech in foreign language classes.

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ON KEY WAYS OF BORROWING SOCIO-POLITICAL TERMINOLOGICAL VOCABULARY IN NEWSPAPERS IN THE LANGUAGE OF SAKHA

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the main ways of borrowing socio-political terminological vocabulary (SPTV) in newspapers in the language of Sakha, covering socio-political events of domestic and international life. Throughout its development, the SPTV in the newspapers in Sakha has been actively using both external and internal language resources. The aim of the work is to identify the characteristics of SPTV, which are a special layer of newspaper vocabulary, and the ways to convey it in the language of the newspapers. The results of the work can be used in special courses of teaching terminology, lexicography, and speech culture of the Yakut linguistics at universities.

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PERSUASIVENESS AND AUTHORIZATION IN EXPRESSING OPPORTUNITY MODALITY / IMPOSSIBILITIES IN RUSSIAN AND CHINESE LANGUAGES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This material is relevant when working with Chinese Russian master’s degree students, undergraduates, and doctoral students. The paper discusses modal situations ways and means of expressing them, at the intersection of functional-communicative fields of intra-syntactic modality (zone of impossibility), authorization, and persuasiveness. The purpose of the contrasting description of this fragment of Russian grammar is to build a fundamental applied (pedagogical) language model intended for Chinese students. A Russian language teacher must understand the material in order to dissect it linguistically correctly for didactic purposes.

The category of intra-syntactic modality is a linguistic projection of abstractions of human consciousness, which makes it extremely difficult to describe an object. The typology of the language also imposes its “layers”, which must be taken into account when describing “from the meaning”. Accounting for the student’s language should be expressed in order to teach how to correlate the linguistic means of the native and the studied languages on a semantic basis.

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AVANT-GARDE’S BANNER OF RESISTANCE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

If the historical avant-garde featured in the polemics of Burger and Foster has been dealing with the issues of institutionalization, the contemporary discourse of the avant-garde is characterized by its appeal to the terms of capitalism, resistance and liberation. Such framework raises a variety of issues essential to the avant-garde as an artistic movement in its contemporary phase and, on the other hand, foregrounds a theoretical loop inherent in the avant-garde’s ‘savior’ rhetoric under the condition of capitalism. The underlying questions to raise then are whether this ‘savior’ programme is accomplishable, if at all feasible, and what the role of such programme’s agency is. To address this, it is suggested to juxtapose the project of the avant-garde against the school of thought that has evolved in the 1990s from the work of Cybernetics Culture Research Unit (CCRU) and, in particular, against the work of one of its theorists, Nick Land, whose views on the nature of the capital offer a starting point for the present research.

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ANGLICISMS IN RUSSIAN THERMOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper considers graphical models of English words entering into Russian terminological systems, the features of their functioning in different specialized areas of use based on the unit material included in our Dictionary of Russian English Anglicisms. The phased and cluster introduction of English terms into the host language allows us to understand the nature of modern borrowing process, and explore the phenomenon under consideration more structured. A large number of latent Anglicisms (cripples) in various Russian terminological systems significantly expands the boundaries of the considered objects, and their study allows us to take into account the etymological and cognitive aspects of the functioning of these units.

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INFLUENCE OF THE MEDIEVAL SONG TRADITION ON THE EARLY BALLADES OF VICTOR HUGO

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses the main characteristics and features of the early ballads written by Victor Hugo and analyses them at various language levels as well as the influence of the traditions of the medieval ballad, its structural, plot, and other features on these ballads. A historical and social background that contributed to their writing is also considered. The materials of this article are of practical value and can be used at the classes of the French language, culture, and history of France, lexicology, stylistics, and phonetics of the French language.

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ON PROBLEMS OF INTEGRATED STUDY OF RADIO LANGUAGE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The modern state of the radio language in our society is considered due to the active processes that have been particularly noticeable in it over the past three decades when new social conditions appeared throughout the whole Russian language area (from the 90s of the XX century up to the present time). The dynamics of language development in our society is so noticeable that it does not leave anyone indifferent either among the linguistic community, or among journalists and publicists, or ordinary citizens who are not professionally associated with the language. Moreover, the central concept of the language and speech culture, the norm, is periodically subjected to a rethinking about the fact of its necessity, including in terms of functioning in traditional and new media. The relevance of this study is due to the above-mentioned things.

The goal of the study is to prove the need for an integrated approach to the study of the radio language, as a result of which all active processes occurring in the language itself would be described in refraction to the specifics of radio production. The paper provides scientific tools for creating a comprehensive study of the radio language.

The results of this study can be of practical value when teachers read training courses when compiling methodological developments, when creating textbooks, and improving work programs in relevant disciplines.

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COMPARISON WITH NATIVE LANGUAGE AS REQUIRED ACTION IN LEARNING RUSSIAN LANGUAGE BY STUDENTS-FOREIGNERS (BASED ON WORK EXPERIENCE)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is based on the author’s experience as a Russian language teacher in a foreign audience and is devoted to such a methodical activity in teaching foreign students as a comparison of the Russian language with their native language. A teacher using this method must be more or less a theoretical linguist; otherwise, it will be difficult to understand the structure of a non-native language. The practical form of using the methodological side of this technique is the ability of native speakers to correctly use the grammatical features of various morphological forms in various aspects of communication.

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STRUCTURAL AND GRAMMATICAL FEATURES OF ADJECTIVAL AND ADVERBIAL PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to the analysis of adjectival and adverbial phraseological units in English and Russian languages. The relevance of the article is to identify the national characteristics of the aforementioned languages. The aim of this article is to demonstrate comparative structural-grammatical analysis of adjectival and adverbial phraseological units and the identification of similarities and differences in the structural formation of the phraseological units. The author notes the importance of using phraseological units in human speech since they reflect the people’s national mentality, its values and history.

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COMPOSITIONAL FEATURES OF NOVELS BY L. ULITSKAYA

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The goal of this study is to analyze the compositional features of some novels by L. Ulitskaya, their orientation toward a traditional Russian family romance, but at the same time their polyphonic, chaotic, mosaic or puzzle organization. To achieve this goal, the author analyzes some of Ulitskaya’s novels for the central hero position and his correlation with other relatively independent storylines of a novel. A similar composition is a sign of postmodern literature. Also, one of the objectives of the study is the analysis of the polyphonic structure of Ulitskaya’s novels, violations of the chronology principle, which correlate with the features of the content side. The article also considers innovations in the meaningful plan of Ulitskaya’s novels, rethinking the traditional categories of the classic family novel in the light of new life and historical realities.

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DERIVATIONAL SEMANTICS OF TERM-FORMING FORMANTS WITHIN THE AGENTIVE NOMINAL (COMPARATIVE AND TRANSLATION ANALYSIS)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 05(95) May 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The research on term usage of lexical units – agentive nominal in translated texts of the official (legal) style has allowed to identify the connection of the lexical meaning of verb with the possibilities and features of aspectual modification of the action expressed by it in the term formation of agentive nominal. There is also a proposal to include in the category of “agentive nominal by occupation” nominal distinguished by semi-professional and / or non-professional occupation. The result is in having revealed practicability of taking into account the use of terms and terminologization of non-equivalent vocabulary in translated texts as illustrations of speech actualizations of derivatives and is reflected in possible contribution to the understanding of the derivational status of verbal derivatives.

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