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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

EXPRESSION OF AGGRESSION IN CONTEMPORARY ENGLISH: A CASE STUDY OF THE AMERICAN MEDIA

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article focuses on the study and analysis of the means of expressing aggression in the contemporary English language based the American mass media. The relevance of the study can be attributed to the identification of verbal means that manifest themselves in a veiled form in the information output of the American mass media. In terms of linguistics, it is important to add to the “catalog” of stylistic tools and techniques from the functional area of the media based on the materials of the Anglo-American language area. The subject of the research is the ways of expressing aggression in the media. The purpose of the study is to determine the ways of expressing aggression in modern American media. The research is based on text sources and excerpts from American journalistic articles published from 2018 to 2020.

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THE ROLE OF EKPHRASIS IN CREATING AN IMAGE OF A PERSONAGE-EXPLICATOR IN D. TARTT’S NOVEL “THE GOLDFINCH”

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article represents an attempt to research ekphrasis as a means of creating an image of a personage-explicator in D. Tartt’s novel “The Goldfinch”. The object of the study is the verbal representation of paintings in the novel which is carried out in the form of ekphrasis, when characters are discussing the works of art. The mother of the main character – a personage-explicator is of a particular interest. She describes and explains the content of paintings to her son. The purpose of the article is to reveal the role of ekphrasis in creating her image. The significance of the research is determined by the study of D. Tartt’s creativity in the aspect of the writer’s aesthetic and philosophical thoughts about the art and human nature.

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“SEIMCHANSKY DIARY” BY A. E. KULAKOVSKY: THE PROBLEM OF SELF-IDENTIFICATION OF THE AUTHOR

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents a textual analysis of the “Seimchan Diary” of the founder of Yakut literature, the first Yakut poet and scientist A. E. Kulakovsky from the perspective of the problem of author’s identification in the text of the diary. The diary is analyzed as a textual environment of self-identification. The process of self-identification of the author of the diary is traced in the aspect of goal setting journaling; self-evaluation and self-presentation of the author in the context of overcoming the crisis of identity; self-positioning, self-positing of the author in an ethnic and socio-cultural environment; self-organization and self-development through creative (scientific and literary) activities.

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MYTHOLOGICAL CONTENT OF THE CREATIVE WORK OF THE CONTEMPORARY RUSSIAN POET IVAN BELOKRYLOV: AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In our time, the myth-making processes in literature do not lose their relevance. Well-known myths in the works of writers and poets are subject to conscious conceptualization and reflection. As a result of this special type of rationality, the author gains his own picture of the world. The purpose of this article is to examine such processes in the work of the contemporary poet Ivan Belokrylov. The analysis is based on the example of his recently released poetry collection “I Saw an Angel” (Ya videl Angela).

In modern literature, there are active processes of semantization of mythological images as special theoretical and literary concepts in the scientific thinking of our time. In the text, the archaic myth is present as an allusion, subtext, hypertext, a source of images and various archetypes. The classical myth is the carrier of absolute knowledge, the myth in modern literature is one of the points of view of the writer or poet on the surrounding reality. This is the reason why the latter is characterized by irony, parody, sarcasm, absurdity, etc. In the literary myth, the content and structural features of the myth and literature coexist. A special role in this system is assigned to the hero-author.

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COGNITIVE APPROACH TO THE TRANSLATION OF THE TERM “MAINSTREAM ART”

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The cognitive approach to the study of the term mainstream art in the framework of reconstructing the cognitive mechanism of conceptual integration that underlies its formation makes it possible to identify the concept behind this term, offer its adequate translation, and illustrate its difference from the term “art-mainstream” (арт-мейнстрим), which has become a “communicative fragment” in the Russian-language cinema journalism. The proposed conceptual analysis can be used when translating new complex terms formed as a result of the conceptual integration mechanism.

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NEW FORMATS OF DIGITAL THEATER DISCOURSE: THEATER JOURNALISM AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Modern theater journalism becomes a factor that affects the development of modern theater while, at the same time, it is itself affected by the theater. The digitalization of theater activity causes the digitalization of theatrical discourse, which, under the influence of innovative technologies, represents a set of new formats of theater journalism aimed at activating theatrical communication in the light of the new aesthetics of the theater. The study of typological features of new formats of theater journalism makes it possible to determine the specifics of creating content about the theater in the new realities of media communications development. One of the most important trends in the development of theatrical journalism is the digitalization and hybridization of theatrical and media formats, among which the most widespread are theater blogging and theater media projects.

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TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF LEXICAL REPETITION IN THE POETRY OF YURI ARABOV (PART 1)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article provides a linguistic understanding of the types and functions of lexical repetition in the poetry of Yuri Arabov. An analysis of the linguistic features of his poems demonstrates that lexical repetition in most cases performs an expressive function, but it can perform both an appellative and an expressive-appellative function. With the help of repeated nomination and syntactic parallelism, the poet achieves greater expressiveness, creating various stylistic effects: contrast, automatization, and deautomatization of perception. Connotative elements of the semantics of words repeated by the poet cause them to perform special pragmatic functions. Types of lexical repetition are determined by the content of specific works and the author’s intention.

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PROBLEMS OF STUDYING RUSSIAN AND CHECHEN ANALOGUES OF THE ENGLISH-LANGUAGE LOAN WORDS IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF THE CHECHEN REPUBLIC MEDIA)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The current article examines the problems of studying English loan words related to the field of information technology used in the mass media of the Chechen Republic. Among the English loan words associated with the field of information technology, a special place is occupied by barbarisms. Common IT-related barbarisms in Chechen and the regional version of the Russian language often capture features of grammatical assimilation, acquiring signs of gender, number, and conjugation in the target language. Among the English loan words, there can be found those that still retain the Latin spelling, those that are formed using the Cyrillic alphabet, or those that are transliterated, transcribed, formed as composites, etc.

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PRAGMALINGUISTIC ASPECT OF BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper makes an attempt of discussing some theoretical problems of textual activity as an important regulator of social interaction in the field of international business communication. The efficiency of information exchange is an important prerequisite of successful interaction of representatives of different cultures in the process of business communication. However, the information can be transferred by different means: orally or in the written form; by monologue or dialogue speech; directly – face to face – or indirectly – by telephone, fax, telex, e-mail. The method of information transfer influences the choice and arrangement of language means in the process of textual activity. Some examples of goals and methods of communicating information by business texts are given.

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EDITING CONCEPT OF THE YAKUT DOCUMENTARY “GUARDIANS OF THE TUNDRA” IN CREATING A FILM IMAGE OF THE NORTH

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The North as a place of development of original cultures of indigenous peoples and a special cultural space is a subject of research in various scientific fields and a complex concept that doesn’t have a well-established definition. The North of Yakutia is a historical and cultural phenomenon, a kind of ethnographic reserve, a repository of the living folk cultural and everyday traditions, written, oral and material monuments of folk art. It is not surprising that the North and its related phenomena have long been of steady interest to ethnographers, historians, cultural scientists, folklorists and other scientists. It should be noted that it is cinematography that allows for preserving and linking cultural heritage with the historical memory of the people and convey a visual image of national and cultural identity, correlated with the cultural code of the nation. The purpose of the article is to demonstrate the use of the type and elements of editing in the cinema of Yakutia that allow to uncover the specificity of the North. The task in exploring the attributes of the North was achieved by studying such visual means of cinema as shot, angle and pan.

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CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE IDEA OF “CITY” IN THE AUTHORIAL WORLD VIEW OF T. TOLSTAYA (BASED ON THE SHORT STORIES “THE WINDOW” AND “THE FAKIR»)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the results of analyzing the features of conceptualization of the notion of “city” in Tatiana Tolstaya’s short stories, “The Window” and “The Fakir”, as the most important component of the superconcept “space” and the basic concept of the Russian language world view. The paper highlights those semantic increments of the conceptualized idea that are common among the studied works, and those that are implemented only in one of the texts. The study also includes the conclusions of a conducted comparison between the conceptual features identified in these stories, and the features of the representation of the idea of “city” in other works of Tolstaya’s short story collection “Ne Kys” (Не кысь). These findings allowed not only to determine whether semantic increments belong to the national language world view, but also to emphasize their authorial character.

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MEANING OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS AND THEIR ROLE IN TRANSLATING SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL TEXTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The focus of the article is on the English phraseological units containing terminological and metaphorical meanings. The article examines their double meaning from the point of view of practical application, and, by means of experiment, shows not only the meaning of phraseological units, but also the speaker’s perception as well as the use and understanding of phraseological units in speech. Cognition is very important for understanding semantics and new perspectives in the study of terminological phraseology; therefore, the research uses cognitive and synergistic approaches to identify the nature of terminological phraseological units. The article emphasizes that terms can develop a metaphorical meaning, although sometimes people do not understand the etymology of certain phraseological units. The research presents an experiment to identify the double meaning of phraseological units based on questionnaires developed for this purpose. The result obtained during the experiment proved that some terms can acquire new metaphorical meanings and functions in language and speech as phraseological units. The results of the research can be useful for studying such language phenomena as phraseology and terminology, and be of interest to a wide range of people who study the English language for professional purposes.

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LINGUODIDACTIC DESCRIPTION OF INFINITIVE SYNTACTIC MODELS OF THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE WITH THE MEANING OF THE “NECESSITY-USELESSNESS” MODALITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In order to teach the Russian language to foreigners, an explanatory grammar is required. The infinitive model with negation is able to express a wide range of language (modal) meanings: it is a form of expressing the prohibition of an action coming from another person (no one is to wander off — nikomu ne raskhoditsya, you are not to wake up Petya — Petyu ne budit’), internal impossibility (tomorrow I will not be able to get up — zavtra mne ne vstat’, the river is impossible to swim across — reku ne pereplyt’, it is impossible to vanquish the people ) and the lack of outside necessity (not to buy bread, fine — za khlebom ne idti, khorosho, not to go on a business trip — v komandirovku ne ekhat’) and external circumstances that make the action impossible (you will not be able to look at the children, they are far). At the same time, the “key” to understanding the modal situations lies in the semantics of the verb – its actantial structure and aspectual meanings. There are infinitive models of phraseological semantics that Express: 1. Volition (What (chego — genitive case)/ What (chto — nominative case) is not to happen — chego / chemu ne byvat’); 2. Inevitability (what (chego) is impossible to avoid — chego ne minovat’) and 3. Evaluation: No one (ne komu — dative case) to do what? / not to do what? // Who (komu) is to do what (Ne komu chto delat (imperfective aspect) / sdelat’ (perfective aspect), komu chto sdelat’). The paper provides necessary methodological recommendations.

All this variety of means is used and understood by native speakers unmistakably, whereas for a foreign language, a detailed study of modal and modus meanings, and a search for grammatical “tangible moments” are required. Due to their high frequency of use, it is not advisable to ignore infinitive models as means of expressing modality. This is not a TORFL-1 (Test of Russian as a Foreign Language) level material, but it is recommended to be introduced at the TORFL-2 level.

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COGNITIVE BASIS OF THE DIMINUTIVE MODELLING

Posted in 2014, Issue December 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the problem of possible application of the cognitive approach to the research of the category of diminutivity. The introduction of the term “conceptual derivation” helps to determine approaches and to solve a number of complicated and dubious problems concerning particular questions and theoretical aspects of the research.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MODERN TERM SYSTEMS

Posted in 2014, Issue December 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the characteristics of the modern term systems. A special attention is drawn to the terminology of law and hotel business term systems.

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LEGAL LANGUAGE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL PHENOMENON (THE CASE OF GERMAN)

Posted in 2014, Issue December 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The present article is devoted to the analysis of formation factors of a legal language of: social and economic and ideological factors. Prerequisites of emergence of allocation of private branches of the right are described.

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THE SOURCES OF ENCHANTMENT WITH UKRAINE IN POLISH ROMANTICISM

Posted in 2014, Issue December 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The reaserch is an attempt to answer a question: which literary motives produce enchantment of land, landscape and people of former south-east Republic (Republic of Poland) lands? South-confines motives were territorial limited to Ukrainian lands and closed in a period between The November Insurrectionin 1830, and connected to this emigration, and year 1848 when afer springtide of nations, in the presence of awoken nationcreat tendency interest of south-east motives becomes weak. Through south-east confines we will understand Red Ruthenia,Volhynia, Ukraine and Podolia, approximately land of today’s Ukranine. Attention will be paid to three representatives of the Ukrainian school.

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SPEECH GENRE OF THE LIST, ITS TYPES AND GENRE FORMING CHARACTERISTICS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The author of the article examines the speech genre of the list, its types and genre forming characteristics. The study is relevant due to the emergence of a relatively new type of this speech genre – a listicle, as well as an increase in interest in authorial or literary lists found in the artistic discourse. As a result of the research, a definition of the concept of the speech genre of the list was proposed, as well as its classification, which includes a household list, an article list, or “listicle,” and a literary or artistic list in the artistic discourse. A description is also given for each of the speech genre types of the list in accordance with the speech genre model by T.V. Shmeleva. The object of the study is listing articles from the press in French, as well as individual lists from the work of the modern French writer Charles Dantzig “The Encyclopédie capricieuse du tout et du rien”.

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TEACHING RUSSIAN STUDIES AS AN ELEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The given research looks into the foreign students level of knowledge about Russia and their experience of living in the Russian Federation. The work studies the ways to introduce students to Russian culture through the means of Russian language and develops learning materials aimed at helping international students to adapt to the educational process in the Russian Federation, to master Russian language and culture successfully, to develop the skills of cross-cultural communication and the principles of tolerance. The learning materials are presented in the form of lessons on specific topics and tasks contributing to the development of linguistic and culture-universal competencies in Russian as a foreign language classes for students at the beginner level.

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THE BOUNDARIES OF BEING: THE IMAGERY OF THE INVERTED WORLD IN THE PROSE OF YAKUT AUTHOR P.A. OYUNSKY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 10(100) October 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article looks into the specific character of the artistic style of the Yakut author P.A. Oyunsky through identifying the category of inversion as the aspect in which the evolution of the rebellious hero vanquishing the boundaries of the world and morals holds the leading position. Through the analysis of the key features of P. Oyunsky’s artistic concept (chronotope, archetypes, the system of characters, mirrored composition, imagery of the boundaries), the author of this paper traces the genre-style particularities of the poetic manner, the evolution of the writing style of Yakut prose in the early 20th century. The interest in the cognitive features of the text, linguistic means of conveying the author’s concepts induces the topicality of this work. The article suggests a new approach to solve the problem of human-world relations in the author’s prose.

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