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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

ASPECTS OF LEXICAL UNITS INTERNATIONALIZATION IN SUB-GLOBAL LANGUAGES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes various aspects of the internationalization in the lexical composition of sub-global languages (Russian, German and French) on the phonetic, morphological, word-formative and semantic levels of the language system. Particular attention is paid to the criteria of assigning lexical units to the class of international words. The author connects the expansion of the quantitative composition of international vocabulary in sub-global languages to the unprecedentedly high degree of efficiency of inter-language interaction on the basis of modern communication technologies.

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REFLECTION OF CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS IN BURYAT AND CHINESE ANTROPONYMS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The following article is devoted to the reflection of cultural characteristics in Buryat and Chinese anthroponomy.

Typological processes take place in different languages even though they are quite different in terms of their structure. Accordingly, in view of similar psychological mental processes, the motivation for naming can coincide/repeat among different people. The lexical fields of anthroponomy denoting a particular phenomenon which occurs in different languages can coincide, too. Thus, proper names can contain different cultural characteristics of life, traditions, historical events, etc.

The article is of both theoretical and applied character and can be used for further consideration of this topic, as well as in the preparation of various teaching aids such as dictionaries.

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REFLECTION OF CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS IN BURYAT AND CHINESE ANTROPONYMS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The following article is devoted to the reflection of cultural characteristics in Buryat and Chinese anthroponomy.

Typological processes take place in different languages even though they are quite different in terms of their structure. Accordingly, in view of similar psychological mental processes, the motivation for naming can coincide/repeat among different people. The lexical fields of anthroponomy denoting a particular phenomenon which occurs in different languages can coincide, too. Thus, proper names can contain different cultural characteristics of life, traditions, historical events, etc.

The article is of both theoretical and applied character and can be used for further consideration of this topic, as well as in the preparation of various teaching aids such as dictionaries.

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LEXICOGRAPHICAL POTENTIAL OF THE THEATER TOPICAL AREA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The problem of languages lexicography for special purposes is relevant for applied linguistics, bilingual translation, comparative lexicography, and terminography. The consideration of the lexicographical potential of the “theater” topical area allows positioning the newly published bilingual English-Russian educational and thematic dictionaries with the theater business language among the available reference media on a theater. The dictionary of the theater business language serves as a widely available, reliable bilingual guide to a theater with a Russian-English pair for use in educational and professional communication; it can be a resource for the database of an international multilingual theatrical free online dictionary developed with the support of UNESCO.

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VERIFYING ECHO-QUESTION PRAGMATIC PECULARITIIES AS MEANS OF INFORMATION GAPS ELIMINATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to research and the subsequent analysis of the category of echo-question from the point of view of its contextual and pragmatic specifics in the communicative environment of the dialogical unity. The article analyses echo-question to eliminate information gaps of various nature. The authors distinguish several types of verifying echo-question and conduct their thorough analysis, considering communicative effect on the listener, correlation between their structure and pragmatic performance in information deficiency elimination.

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EXTRA-LINGUISTIC FACTORS AND RISKS OF LANGUAGE GLOBALIZATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 6(60) June 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes various aspects of linguistic globalization, determines its characteristic features, as well as conditions and factors that determine the status of the English language as global. The key extra-linguistic factors of linguistic globalization are noted and namely: Political influence and economic power of the countries of the native speakers, the features of intercultural interaction in the world of modern communications, globalization of trade and unprecedented high mobility of the population. Special attention is paid to the risks associated with the expansion of the scope of linguistic globalization: Reduction of the language palette of the world, historically and linguistically unjustified and unfair advantage over other languages, the growth of linguistic self-confidence and “linguistic conceit.” An attempt is made to predict the dynamics of linguistic globalization.

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ASYMMETRY OF SOCIAL ROLES AS A FACTOR AFFECTING THE VARIATION OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The following article is devoted to the problem of social conditioning of language functioning and its dependence on social and situational variables. It contains the results of the analysis of the main features of grammatical colloquialism use in speech behavior of English-speaking characters in novels of XX – XXI centuries. The speech of the characters depends on the social roles they perform, and is influenced by the asymmetry of communicative situations on the frequency of grammatical deviations occurrences from the norm of the literary language with regard to pragmatic attitude.

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“SPIRITUAL SONGS” OF NOVALIS – AN ATTEMPT TO CREATE A ROMANTIC ARTISTIC RELIGION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In this paper the works of Novalis are considered as a “transcendental” poetry, in which philosophy, poetry and religion are inseparable from each other. The purpose of analysis of “Spiritual Songs”, inspired by idealistic philosophy, is to reveal the essence of the religious search of the poet, his desire to create the updated artistic religion free from dogmas. The lyrical cycle captured the poet’s desire to escape from the sphere of finite, his search for God, filled with romantic melancholy for the ideal Golden Age, which was subsequently absorbed by artists of the turn of the 19-20 centuries. The author focuses his attention on the connection of Maurice Maeterlinck’s lyric poetry with Novalis’ “Spiritual Songs”, which gives some novelty to the study. The practical significance of the study lies in the possibility of using its results in the development of lecture courses on the history of German literature, the history of religion and comparative linguistics.

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METAPHORICAL MODEL “POLITICS IS SPORT” IN POLITICAL MEDIA TEXTS (BASED ON THE EXAMPLE OF LIGHT ATHLETICS)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article focuses on the study of the metaphorical model “politics is sport” in political media texts. It analyses the main features of the language implementation of key units that are related to “athletics.” The linguo-pragmatic features of political discourse are considered with regard to current socio-political situation. In order to describe communicative and pragmatic content of a political text, this study suggests thematic and semantic-grammatical classification of linguistic units and structures that represent a fragment of the metaphorical model “politics is sport” with regard to the replaced core component and the pragmatic attitude of the addressee.

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FRAME STRUCTURE OF AN OFFER AS THE RESULT OF WORD ORDER GENESIS IN INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the characteristic sign of the syntactic structure of modern German – the frame structure of an offer. It contains basic types of frames: Verbal-subject, the frame of the subordinate clause, the frame of a noun. Detailed analysis of one of the basic concepts in the formation and development of a frame structure of an offer in Indo-European languages is provided. It is proved that all six basic models of an offer to a certain extent determine the existence of a frame in an offer. Change in word order from SOV to SOV has fixed the functional potential of the verbal-skeletal frame.

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MEDIA INTERFACES OF CITY

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The insertion of the concepts of “media interfaces” and “interface-image” of the city can overcome fragmentary knowledge about the city, connect and organize media space of city, using new information technologies. , interface-image is an instrument to create an investment-attractive and financially effective object, the interface more properly to consider as a system consisting both of the external part and of the hidden part. Media interface is regarded as communicative “packaging”, semantic shell of the city.

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STRUCTURAL TYPES OF ADJECTIVE COLOUR TERMS IN GERMAN LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents structural characteristic of German adjective colour terms. As a result of the lexicographic analysis of the German definition dictionaries, we have singled out the corpus of the units under study. The criteria for determining the core of colour terms are given. We have identified the core of the lexico-semantic group of German colour terms on their basis. Peripheral colour terms are classified according to derivational models, which have specific features and different degrees of distribution in the language. The most productive models are determined, as well as their role in enriching the lexico-semantic group of adjective colour terms. Thus, adjective determinative composites and derivatives with suffixoids -farben / -farbig are the most common structural types of colour terms in German.

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CORRELATION OF BUSINESS AND SPORT EXPRESSED METAPHORICALLY IN THE LANGUAGE OF BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Sport as a metaphor and analogy for business is dominating in most economic articles and plays an utmost role in business communication revealing implied meanings of tough competitiveness. The aim of our study was to review the main arguments of drawing parallels between sports and business, as most people regard the former as an equivalent of business rivalry. The results of the article disclosed the major sport metaphors that are commonly used in business by analyzing which sport they originate from and interpreted their metaphorical implications. Grounded on cognitive approach sport metaphors are identified as powerful figurative devices to perceive abstract business concepts by way of more concrete ones.

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METAPHOR OF THE “HOUSE” IN THE POETRY OF P.A. VIAZHEMSKY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF “OSTAFYEVO” POEM)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In this article, we consider the metaphor of the “house” image in the “Ostafyevo” poem, by P. A. Vyazemsky. Vyazemsky’s patrimonial estate is a specific locus in the specific historical space of Russia in the XIX century. In the poem, this image goes through a consistent metaphorization, the essence of which is the understanding of the place of a man in the world. The image of the manor in Vyazemsky’s poem is polysemantic. First of all, it includes the history of the family, the “manor estate”, becomes a linking element in the life of several generations. This is the place where the past and present, time and eternity, living and dead, old and young, life and death meet. The meeting takes place both in the memory and in the mind of the autobiographical hero, just like in real time and space. Feeling the approach of “autumn” (senility, death), the author overcomes the idea of non-existence by affirming the unchanging order of existence: an autumn is replaced by a spring, one generation is replaced by another, and life triumphs in the end. The final metaphor of the poem is “return home,” to the place where the hero was born and where he will leave for good.

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IMPERSONATION IN POETRY (RUSSIAN AND KOREAN)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In the paper the author derives the specifics of the semantic compatibility in idiomatic styles of Russian and Korean poets. The author comes to the conclusion that Russian and Korean poets, applying the impersonation method, use it in order to convey those feelings and thoughts that one cannot express directly for one reason or another. This work is the attempt to analyze the concepts of impersonation and personification, which help to take a fresh look at the features of the trope functioning in Russian and Korean poetry.

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INTER-LANGUAGE: IN SEARCH OF A SPECIFIC TERM

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The following article aims to clarify the term “inter-language.” The work analyzes various definitions of the term “inter-language” for subsequent comparison in order to identify similarities and differences, including the differences between the terms “inter-language” and “pidgin,” and provides theoretical basis for further research. Having analyzed the definitions of “inter-language” in the works of local and foreign linguists, the authors showed the evolution of inter-language definitions, present their point of view on this term; describe common features of inter-language such as systematicity, individuality, and dynamism.

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ANONYMOUS “CHANNELS” OF THE TELEGRAM MESSENGER: FEATURES OF SPEECH BEHAVIOR

Posted in 2017, Issue № 5(59) May 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the speech environment that is created by the messenger Telegram in the form of authorial information of Russian- language channels, the so-called Telegram Channels. We analyze, for instance, the speech practices of an anonymous insider “Nezigar” Telegram Channel and determine the characteristic features of these practices. The anonymous authors’ position themselves as people who own insider information, independent from a particular political party and government body and have access to authoritative high-rank private sources of information. Such communicative status of the subject of speech is manifested primarily in the dominant modality of speech.

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ROLE OF FIGURES OF SPEECH AND EXPRESSIVE MEANS IN RECONSTRUCTION OF LINGUISTIC IMAGE OF THE WORLD (BASED ON “BOOK OF PROVERBS”)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the role of expressive means in the reconstruction of the linguistic image of the world based on the “Book of Proverbs” in the English translation of King James. The linguistic image of the world is understood as the set of people’s world representations fixed in a multilayer system of a language at a certain stage of human development with regard to socio-cultural and psychophysical factors. Non-linguistic (non-verbal) means also take part in its reconstruction, categorization and conceptualization, along with linguistic means. An important role is played by language means. One of these means is expressive, but it reflects only a fragment of the linguistic image of the world. In this regard, expressive means are treated as a means of representativeness and expressiveness which carry additional connotative information at all language levels.
The method of continuous sampling helped the author to identify a list of figures of speech and expressive means in the context of the Bible: Metonymy, synecdoche, metaphor, personification, epithet, antithesis, comparison, and hyperbole. Their role in the formation of the linguistic image of the world is determined based on the functions they perform in biblical parables. The analysis of 1360 examples of expressive means showed that the main functions performed by expressive means are appealing, voluntative and expressive.

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LOCATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTIVITY IN RUSSIAN NAMES OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT PROFESSIONS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper analyses local regularities of locative characteristic reflection in the names of persons of different professions in the Russian language. Non-equilibrium of orientation parameters “top-bottom,” “front-back,” “beginning-end” when designating the subject of professional activity is indicated, features of its geometric conceptualization (through the concepts of one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional space) are revealed, the relations between the subject and the object of activity are characterized. It is established that the naming of a person by the place of activity is one of the main motivational types of the category of a public figure. The notations created this way are not the most numerous in the system of lexical units under consideration, but are fixed at all stages of the historical division of labour.

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INVESTIGATION OF “DISCOURSE” CONCEPT ON THE EXAMPLE OF ENGLISH MASS MEDIA

Posted in 2017, Issue № 4(58) April 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The phenomenon of “discourse” in its broad and narrow sense is considered in the article. Types of discourses from the viewpoint of different approaches are studied. The role of media discourse in communicative act is defined, and the main features of mass media discourse (group correlation, publicity and dissent orientation) are identified and analyzed on the example of English-language media. In the course of the research, it was found out that mass information discourse is not only a method of transmitting certain information to the addressee – it also contributes to the formation of the mindset of a person who is the recipient of this information.

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