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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

PLACE OF LATIN MEDIA IN THE HISTORY OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue №11(65) November 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of Latin media in the French language and it is the analysis of the works of famous foreign scientists who studied the origins of the French language (G. Ascoli, C. Bruno, Wartburg, M. Cohen etc.). It reveals the content of the medial form: the expression of the state, the expression of the intransitivity of the action and the expression of direct and indirect recurrence. The examples given in the article explain some of the complicated, yet interesting linguistic phenomena of modern French.

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METHODS OF TERMINOLOGY BORROWING IN THE FIELD OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE CHINESE LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the main features of terminology translation and adaptation in the field of information technology in modern Chinese. It emphasizes the relevance of the topic in connection with the active influx of foreign vocabulary into the computer industry and the need to study new terms. The main mechanisms of mastering foreign words in the Chinese language are considered, examples of phonetic and semantic borrowings in the field of information technologies, as well as new hybrid formations for the Chinese language are given.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXT FORMING MEANS OF THE TUVINIAN LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with grammatical structures that form Tuvinian texts. It is established that these structures indicate that the sentences that they connect represent parts of a single whole and form a structural (formal) unity in their totality. As a result of the material analysis, the most important means of communication between the sentences in Tuvinian texts are revealed, such as, for example, lexical repetitions, pronouns, use of verbal times, conjunctions, etc. It is concluded that the body of analytical structures of the Tuvinian language, numerous and varied in composition, is still expanding both at the expense of the internal resources of the language, and by means of borrowing from other languages and calquing.

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ON THE EXPRESSION OF OPPOSTION IN THE SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE OF THE CZECH AND SLOVAK PROVERBS (ON THE MATERIAL OF THE SOCIOLINGUISTIC EXPERIMENT)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the expression of opposition in the syntactic structure of Czech and Slovak proverbs selected from the previously published results of the author’s paroemiological sociolinguistic experiment and materials confirming their use in the speech genres of the Internet. Using the comparative, descriptive method and the method of statistical calculation, the authors set the goal to identify the main means and types of the opposition expression in proverbs of the Czech and Slovak languages, previously not studied from this point of view.

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CHINESE PROVERBS AS A MEANS OF TRANSMITTING NATIONAL MENTALITY IN THE CHINESE MEDIA IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the problem of Chinese proverbs functioning in the Chinese media in English. The purpose of the use of Chinese proverbs in the state media are analyzed, the main features of conveying them in English are considered, basic concepts, images and functions, actualized by the proverbs, are given. Based on them, the value basis of proverbs is determined. Information obtained from state newspapers confirms that proverbs are used in mass-media discourse as a means of conveying the peculiarities of national mentality and China’s attitude to international events.

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LYRICAL BOOK OF POEMS IN MODERN YAKUT POETRY: MAJOR DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper describes the features of creation of a lyrical book with poems in the modern female Yakut poetry of the turn of XX-XXI centuries. The paper considers the book ensemble of the modern Yakut poets, which are arranged according to the conventional, chronological, genre, ideological and semantic principles. Female Yakut poetry is represented from the point of view of creating a lyric book of poems as a multi-level, complex education, a special “text”, united by an author’s idea and having certain structural features, determining the artistic integrity of macrotext. Books of poems of contemporary female authors are also considered in the aspect of ensemble unity, which implies the existence of a binding context defining ontological integrity, first of all, the books of poems by an individual author; and secondly, the book ensembles of several authors of the same generation.

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PAROEMIA-SEMANTIC MAPPING OF THE “GENTLEMANSHIP” CONSTRUCT (BASED ON A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PAREMIOLOGICAL FUNDS OF ENGLISH AND JAPANESE)

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the paroemia-semantic mapping and comparative and collation analysis of the representation of components of the “Gentlemenship” construct in the system of ethnical marked proverbs of the paremiological funds of Japanese and British linguistic societies. Some conclusions are drawn about the similarities and differences in the associative branching of this feature of national identity. Based on the method of mental mapping, the paremiological projection of the gentlemanship is visualized in the form of an expanded mental map, which takes into account the totality of the shades of meaning of its realization in the static linguistic layer.

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EMPHATIC MEANS THROUGH THE LENS OF COMMUNICATIVE STRATEGIES AND TACTICS OF NEWSLETTER IN THE MEDIA DISCOURSE OF THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING WORLD

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article proposes a list of communicative strategies and tactics, often found in media texts and serving as one of the discourse markers of the texts of this variety. The tools are analyzed from the point of view of the way they perform their communicative functions. A strategy aimed at increasing, a narrative strategy and a strategy of frankness are identified as typical strategies of English-language newsletters of media discourse, the actualization of which shows stable dependence of emphatic means. Typical correlations of communicative strategies for newsletters include combinations of the narrative strategy as the main one and strategies aimed at increasing (less often – at decreasing) as an additional one or a strategy aimed at increasing as the main strategy and the strategy of frankness as an additional one. Grammatical method is a dominant way of expressing emphasis.

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IMAGE OF FAR EAST OF RUSSIA IN JAPANESE MEDIA SPACE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 10(64) October 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article distinguished the image of the Far Eastern region of Russia in the Japanese mass media. The characteristic features of the lexical and grammatical content of the articles are analyzed. Metaphoric representations of the image of the Far East are revealed. The image is created with the help of epithets with negative evaluation, various lexemes with prefixes bearing a negative value. By means of linguistic analysis, it is established that the image of an underdeveloped, sparsely populated, corrupt and unreliable region dominates.

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MAIN FEATURES OF THE TERMINOLOGICAL NOMINATION IN MEDICAL VOCABULARY OF THE CHINESE LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The main ways of word formation in the medical terminology of the Chinese language are considered in the article. Types of grammatical connection of verbal elements are distinguished, terminological affixes are classified, ways of penetration of terminological borrowings into the sphere of Chinese medicine are revealed and examples of abbreviation of medical terms – complex words – are given. Theoretical studies of the patterns of special vocabulary formation and development are confirmed by the results of the analysis of medical terminology in Chinese, which amounted to 260 terminological units selected by the continuous sample of 23 instructions for the use of medicines in Chinese.

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RUSSIAN PHRASEOLOGY IN A REGIONALLY ORIENTED ELECTIVE COURSE: PRINCIPLES OF SELECTION AND METHODS OF COMMENTING ON THE MATERIAL

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the problems of linguo-cultural representation of the Russian phraseology to foreign students-philologists. The author considers the principles of selection of regional phraseological units and the peculiarities of their commenting within the elective course. According to the author’s concept, idioms borrowed from the Baltic and Finno-Ugric languages, phraseological units with ethnographic components, and idiomatic units of youth slang reflecting urban realities constitute the specificity of the Pskov phraseology. The article contains comments with inter-lingual phraseological parallels, descriptions of ethnographic realities and interpretation of slang words.

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INTERPHONOLOGY OF MODERN FRENCH LANGUAGE: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN MODULE OF “IPFC” PROJECT

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to one of the most topical directions of the corpus study of the sounding speech – interphonology. The paper considers the methodology for the formation of the Russian-language module of the French language interphonological corpus within the framework of the international “IPFC” research project. The recording protocol of the sounding material is described; the main approaches to the compilation of transcripts and the annotation of oral speech in French as a foreign language are covered. Along with this, the prospects for further corpus linguistic and psycholinguistic studies of the speech of the Russian-speaking students in French are outlined, including the comparative aspect. The development of the Russian-language module of the interphonological corpus can contribute to the solution of applied problems, for example, the improvement of computer algorithms for recognizing foreign speech, as well as the creation of modern teaching programs in a foreign language.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH SOMATIC PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS WITH COMPONENT “HEART” AND ITS RUSSIAN EQUIVALENT “СЕРДЦЕ”

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article contains comparative analysis of the structure and content of the somatic component “heart” with its Russian equivalent in order to determine the place and significance of these phraseological units in the language system. The results of our work can be used in lecture courses, as well as in the form of practical conclusions and recommendations for the preparation of training manuals on translation, exercises and phraseological dictionaries.

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ON BIOCOGNITIVE NATURE OF GRAMMATIC CATEGORIES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In this article, we made an attempt to approach the definition of grammar of natural language in the context of biocognitivism and bio-socio-cultural theory of human development. Thus, it is asserted that knowledge of grammar and grammatical categories is not the knowledge of grammatical constructions, forms or rules but rather a cognitive habit (knowledge-as-action) based on the feeling of the body’s confidence in effective adaptation to endless changes in the surrounding linguistic and socio-cultural niche by changing their own linguistic behavior, namely, combinatorial and/or transformational variations of the (significant) lexical resources kept in memory.

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SYNTHAGMATIC RELATIONSHIP OF VERBS OF THE SEMANTIC GROUP “EMOTIONAL STATE” IN TAJIK LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes syntagmatic relations of the verbs of the semantic group “emotional state” in the Tajik language on the material of the novel by the Tajik writer S.Ulugzade “Vose.” Referring to the collected factual material, it is established that Tajik verbs related to the group “emotional state” have a number of syntagmatic features. Verbs referring to “emotional state” are usually used with the subject expressed via nouns or personal pronouns. The productivity of subject-object relations is observed. It is revealed that verbs referring to the group “emotional state” are used in elementary grammatical models in the text of the novel “Vose” by S.Ulugzade. Personal structures are observed, as a significant part of the verbs referring to “emotional state” is generated by the subject and is controlled by it in the modern Tajik language.

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LEXICAL MEANS OF COHESION IN THE TRILOGUE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This study investigates the lexical means of cohesion in the trilogue – the minimal form of the polylogue. The purpose of the article is to reveal the lexical means of cohesion, which are characteristic of the polylogue. So far there are few studies devoted to polylogue and means of cohesion in this many-sided form of communication. In the article the means of cohesion inside the trilogue as a variant of the polylogue will be described. The main objective of the given study is to prove that a trilogue unity, like a dialogue one, is a structural-semantic entity, consisting of several utterances that are linked together lexically and structurally. The results of this study can be used in theoretical and practical courses of the theory of language, text linguistics, communication theory, and also practical English teaching.. The work contributes to the improvement of the methodology for studying communication in the polylogue.

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STUDY OF “SHAH NAMAH” AS NARRATIVE DESCRIPTION

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyses the studies devoted to the topic of the language of “Shah Namah” by Ferdowsi, an ancient monument of the oriental culture. As a combination of various options for the analysis of the 50 reigns of Ferdowsi, narrative description is chosen as the approach to the original text. In connection with this, the differentiation of the concepts of narrative, narrative description, narrative knowledge, components of narrative knowledge, as well as the composition-narrative form of “reign” becomes topical. The application of the concept of story space to the analysis of the textual reality of “Shah Namah” introduced by G.Landau for the analysis of the structure of virtual reality is promising. The examples of a Persian-language original, mainly the Moscow version of “Shah Namah” are given.

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TO THE QUESTION OF THE SEMANTIC CONTENT OF THE CONCEPTOSPHERE “SURROUNDING WORLD” IN THE ENGLISH AND LEZGIAN LANGUAGES

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the semantic fields with the core “world” in English and Lezgian languages, which are included into the conceptosphere “the surrounding world.” The paper contains idioms and word combinations with given lexemes, used both in their first, basic meaning, and in the metaphorical rethinking of the semantics as a result of the secondary nomination. Due to the universality of this conceptosphere, it seems rather difficult to create a complete classification of all the main and peripheral meanings of these lexemes.

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MODAL VALUES OF OBLIGATION AND REQUIREDESS IN THE COMMUNICATION OF THE DOCTOR AND PATIENT IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Posted in 2017, Issue № 9(63) September 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article examines the features of modal values of obligation and requiredness and the ways of expressing them in medical consultations, where doctors and patients are native English speakers. It was found that most often “doctor-patient” communication contains modal verbs with the meaning of necessity, non-modal verbs with the semantics of motivation or will. In many cases, there is a softening of the meaning of obligation and requiredness through the use of impersonal and generalized personal suggestions and questions with modal verbs that have a courtesy value. The analysis showed that medical instructions can be formulated with the help of imperative mood verbs, interrogative constructions with modal verbs or the word “please,” impersonal sentences with the meaning of prohibition, elliptical sentences. The speech of patients also contains examples of the modality of obligation and requiredness, but they are rarer and, as a rule, expressed in a softer form.

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ASTRAL SYMBOLISM IN THE SERIES OF “SUPERNOVA” OF THE INDONESIAN WRITER DEVI LESTARI

Posted in 2017, Issue № 8(62) August 2017, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the novel series “Supernova” by modern Indonesian writer Devi Lestari from the point of view of using astral symbolism in the postmodern manner, which goes back to different layers of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the world. Lestari’s poetics are characterized by a tendency towards universalism, the desire to embrace and fuse together various religious representations and symbols, as well as to merge the Indonesian tradition with the European. The writer manages to do that with the help of such important postmodern techniques as intertextuality, free interpretation, deconstruction, the “author’s death” and text rhyme. In the analysis, literary works of a theoretical and private character, as well as original Indonesian works were used.

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