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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

MORPHOLOGICAL DERIVATION AS A MECHANISM OF SEMANTIC NEOLOGIZATION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses the phenomenon of semantic updating of the vocabulary of the modern Russian language. The article summarizes the known modern theoretical lexicological approaches to understanding the ways of semantic neologization; formulates the criterion selected for working with a specific lexical-semantic material, namely neosememes, in the case of which the new value is not displayed from a lexico-semantic variant but mechanically attached to a particular semantic component; the article also proves the validity of the theoretical positions elected as the source. The author proposesassigning the term “morphological-semantic derivatives” to semantic innovations of the type under consideration, which is motivated by the grammatical nature of derivators of such neosememes. The purpose of the article is to examine semantic innovations arising in the modern Russian language system by using a mechanism unrelated to semantic derivation.

The tasks are set to systematize semantic innovations according to the ways of their occurrence, to substantiate the validity of the chosen term designation of the neosememes under study, and to analyze the factors of their occurrence. The article states that in the process of neologization, the interaction of the dictionary with other language tiers manifests itself; this makes it necessary to clarify the list of mechanisms of semantic derivation, among which a mechanism has been established based on the relationship between the lexical and grammatical levels of a language system.

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I.D. VINOKUROV-CHAGYLGAN’S POETIC TALE “TULLUKTAY”: FEATURES OF INTERPRETATION OF FOLKLORE TRADITIONS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the formation of a poetic fairy tale in the Yakut poetry of the early twentieth century as an original genre phenomenon using I. D. Vinokurov – Chagylgan’s “Tulluktay” in the aspect of folklore and literary interrelations with the folk tale “Starushka Behjjbehrikehehn s pjat’ju korovami”. (The Old Woman Beybarikeen with Five Cows). The author substantiates the preservation of the plot, figurative and motivational components of the fairy tale when changing its form from prose to poetry. The results of the study may present certain significance for the development of a number of issues related to the evolution and genre typology of Yakut poetry and can be used in lectures and special courses on the history of Yakut literature and in organizing poetry analysis classes.

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“BLACK” AND “WHITE” IN VIKTOR TSOI’S ARTISTIC WORLD OF ROCK POETRY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the meaning of color tokens in the artistic world of rock author Viktor Tsoi. The issue of visualization of poetic images within the framework of the intermedial interaction of the arts of words, painting, and music is investigated. Rock poetry presents not only innovative worldview ideas but also traces the development of literary traditions and the actualization of the national aspect of Russian ontology. The article examines intertextual connections, the semantic content of color meanings, traditional and new symbolism of the color palette in the works of Viktor Tsoi. The most frequent colors are white and black, which, at the same time, are filled with individual connotations and meaning in accordance with the author’s concept in the artistic world of the rock poet. The poet, musician, and artist Viktor Tsoi uses the means of different types of art to reflect the multifaceted specifics of the surrounding being with the help of intermedial connections. National peculiarities are represented in the connections with folklore images, which are presents in the rock poetry of the author.

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PANTHEON OF THE UPPER WORLD DEITIES IN YAKUT FOLKLORE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Based on folklore texts, the current research touches upon the problem of studying the Yakut pantheon of Aiy (айыы) deities. Currently, the image of the supreme deity Aiy is not defined in Yakut folklore. There are two main images: Yuryung Aar Toyon (Юрюнг Аар Тойон) and Yuryung Aiy Toyon (Юрюнг Айыы Тойон); some researchers claim that they are analogous. The images of the deities of the Upper World are also not ordered. The purpose of the article is to identify the images of the supreme deity Aiy and to study the images of the deities of the Upper World using the materials of researchers of Yakut folklore. To achieve this goal, the study sets the following tasks: to examine the works of researchers of Yakut folklore dedicated to the highest deities of Aiy, to arrange the names of the highest deities of Aiy, and to analyze the images of the deities of the Upper World and their names. The research uses comparative and descriptive methods to identify similarities and differences between the images of the Aiy deities in the Yakut Olonkho. The lexico-semantic method was used in the analysis of the names of the higher deities. The study also features a review analysis of the works of researchers of Yakut folklore, ethnography and history. Researchers N. P. Pripuzova, I. A. Khudyakova, V. M. Ionova, N. A. Alekseeva et al. As a result of the analysis of the works, 4 images of the highest deities of Aiy were identified: Yuryung Aar Toyon (Юрюнг Аар Тойон), Yuryung Aiy Toyon (Юрюнг Айыы Тойон), Aar Aiy Toyon (Аар Айыы Тойон) and Aiy Tangara (Айыы Тангара). In addition to the supreme deity Aiy , the following deities were mentioned in the works of researchers :Ulu Haan Toyon (Улуу Хаан Тойон), Wardaah Gyohogoy (Dyesegey) Toyon (Уордаах Дьөһөгөй (Дьесегей) Тойон), Homporuun Hotoi (Хомпоруун Хотой), Sung Diaasyn Syuge Toyon (Сүнг Дьаасын Сюгэ Тойон), Dyylga Haan (Дьылга Хаан),O dun Haan (Одун Хаан), Chyngys Haan (Чынгыс Хаан), Tangha Haan (Тангха Хаан), Bilge Haan (Билгэ Хаан), Hara Suorun(Хара Суорун), as well as goddessesKun Kubei Hotun (Кюн Кюбэй Хотун), Ieyehsit (Иэйэхсит), Aiysyt (Айыысыт) and Ynahsyt Hotun(Ынахсыт Хотун). All of the3se deities are representatives of the Upper World.

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“THE NORTHERN SUBJECT RULE” AS A MATERIAL FOR THE STUDY OF A SEMANTIC SUBJECT (BASED ON THE STUDIES OF NORTHERN ENGLISH DIALECTS AND THE SCOTTISH LANGUAGE)

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the so-called “northern subject rule” in northern English dialects, as well as in the Scottish language in the light of the study of the semantic subject. It is noted that the phenomenon of the northern subject rule is the result of the interaction of two parameters – 1) the type of subject and 2) the contiguity/non-contiguity of the subject and predicate while also determining the form of the verb in present simple. The first parameter implies that the pronominal and nominal subject require different schemes of agreement with the verb, whereas according to the second parameter, the predicate takes a paritucular form (-s/-es) if the nominal subject is directly adjacent to the predicate. In the Northern English dialects and in the Scottish language, the picture of this phenomenon is complicated by variation caused by a number of linguistic and extralinguistic factors. The purpose of the article is to introduce the northern subject rule material into the use of comparative research of a semantic subject and to determine approaches to the description of this grammatical regionalism in this context. The article discusses the main structural and functional features of the northern subject rule, while also assessing hypotheses about its origin. The authors conclude that the existing literature ignores the semantic aspect of the rule and notes the need to fill this gap.

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ON THE STRUCTURING OF THE ORONYMIC SPACE IN THE TOPONYMIC SYSTEM OF THE AVAR LANGUAGE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The evolution of the toponymic space is expressed in the territorial and chronological change of the toponymic spectrum. The Gergebil, Gumbetovsky, Kazbekovsky, and Khunzakh Shamilsky districts of Dagestan are a local ethnocontact zone. Its indicator characteristics are the density of toponyms, the totality of functional and semantic subclasses in the toponymic spectrum, the share of the dominant toponymic formation, as well as the sequence of the formant-morphological transformation of toponyms. Defining the semantics of a toponym is based on the semantics of the original word (appellative), taking into account the uniqueness of the toponym, its place within the system of proper names and common nouns, the attitude of speakers to the named objects, the features of the linguistic means used in toponymy.

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FEATURES OF OLFACTORY COMMUNICATION IN YAKUT TEXT

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to examine the specifics of olfactory communicative imagery in Yakut texts on the basis of folklore and ethnographic materials. Research objectives include identifying the specifics of the cultural phenomenon of smell in Yakut texts and determining the functions of smell in the mental landscape of Sakha. the novelty of this study is evident considering that the system of cultural olfaction has yet to receive due attention in Yakut science. The author’s interest is aimed at the practice of cultivating the smell, which is considered as one of the main ways to identify, consolidate the status of a person in an environment. The role of smell is examined not only in the profane space, but also in the sacred world.

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ON THE COMPOSITION OF DATA ABOUT THE ADDRESSEE IN THE PETITIONS OF THE 17TH CENTURY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article features an analysis of the composition of the information about the addressee included in the initial protocol of the chelobitnaya (petition) form of the 17th century. The wide coverage of the Russian reality of the 17th century, the extensive records of everyday details provide a variety of lexical and phraseological fund of petitions and make them a compelling subject for linguistic and documentary analysis. The choice of petitioners for linguistic analysis meets the demands of the modern anthropocentric paradigm, which focuses attention on the sender and recipient of the document.

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THE CONCEPTS OF “LIGHT” AND “DARKNESS” IN JOE BIDEN’S ELECTION SPEECH

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the features of the use of figurative concepts “light” and “darkness” in Joe Biden’s pre-election political discourse. The relevance of the study of pre-election political discourse is determined by the dominant role of the sphere of politics in the life of an individual and society. Politics controls all aspects of social life and is inextricably linked with the organization of life in society. By using linguistic means and techniques, political power introduces into the mass consciousness views, opinions, and methods of action that are beneficial to it. The main purpose of political communication is the manipulation of public consciousness, which allows for seizing, retaining and exercising political power. In order to influence the voter, politicians use various speech techniques and language tools that allow the addressee to create a certain model of the world, to invoke the necessary associations and emotions that push them to the “right” choice.

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LINGUISTIC AND CULTUROLOGICAL ASPECT OF FOREIGN STUDENTS’ WORK WITH RUSSIAN LITERATURE IN REGIONAL STUDIES

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the importance of mastering socio-cultural competence by foreign students in Russian language classes. The study examines the Russian as a foreign language classes in the discipline “Regional Studies” in different forms of work with Russian literature. The authors of the article determine the main difficulties of working with the original Russian literature in a foreign-language audience, which occur regardless of the foreign students’ level of proficiency in Russian. The authors emphasize the importance of the linguistic and cultural aspect of the study of Russian literature, especially at the initial and secondary stages of teaching Russian as a foreign language. The article notes the importance of cognitive function in working with literary sources: when the focus is not on the content and artistic value of a literary work but to the linguistic and cultural knowledge that is valuable for foreign students. At the same time, the authors provide examples of possible options for tasks both for working with vocabulary and with elements of literary analysis.

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FUNCTIONS OF BORROWINGS IN MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Borrowing is the main way to enrich terminology, including the terminology of the medical field; however, recently the use of foreign language terms in the Russian language has become unreasonably frequent. The terms no longer meet the basic requirements, namely unambiguity, accuracy, lack of polysemy, and independence from context, as well as the absence of emotional coloring. This article discusses the main functions of terms and analyzes the functions of terms of foreign language origin. The authors also conduct a detailed analysis of borrowings in terms of their structure, semantics and origin. The study examines the features of terms of English origin, as well as various processes occurring with foreign-language terms during their assimilation within the Russian language.

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LINGUISTIC AND CULTUROLOGICAL STIPULATION OF THE IDENTIFICATION OF SPANISH CULTURE-SPECIFIC TERMS IN TRANSLATION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the issue of identifying culture-specific terms when translating from Spanish. Distinguishing such terms can be a difficult task, especially if they are linguistically and culturologically stipulated. Among such Spanish culture-specific terms, the following categories of lexemes can be distinguished: demonyms, set antonomasia, abbreviations, and acronyms. Synonymy of demonyms is characteristic of the Spanish language, and in such pairs, as a rule, one of the elements does not have a stable external connection with the corresponding modern toponym. Identification of the terms under study, in this case, is possible only due to the formation of a foreign language cultural competence of the translator, which allows correlating a demonym with a toponym. A similar problem arises when using set antonomasias as synonyms of proper names. In the case of translation from Spanish, the identification of culture-specific terms becomes more complicated due to the existence of variants of the Spanish language in different countries and, accordingly, associated with different cultures.

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TWO POEMS ABOUT HAPPINESS: GENERAL IDEA AND MOTIVE

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the poems of two poets of the twentieth century – Konstantin Vanshenkin and Nikolai Zabolotsky, poets of the Soviet period of Russian history. The poems have a common key idea: true happiness is found by a person who has passed through life difficulties. The motif of suffering that permeates both works, upon closer examination, allows the authors to conclude that the latter is “useful”, “life-giving” for the development of a spiritual individual. The secret of genuine, spiritual love is the wisdom that comes to a person at the end of life, and this position is confirmed in the works of two famous poets.

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CREOLIZED TEXTS IN THE LANGUAGE OF MODERN JOURNALISM

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Society as a native speaker and consumer of the language is not aware of the origin of new words and sentences, their assimilation is always unconscious. Creolized texts are an integral component of modern print media, which confirms the tendency of modern society to save language resources, increase their effectiveness, expressiveness and aesthetics. The article presents the results of an analysis of the creolized language in modern journalism and its functional features. It also examines its assimilation in the modern Russian language and conducts an analysis of verbal and nonverbal components. The authors highlight the structure of creolized texts for the needs of society.

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SYNONYMIC PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN THE OLONKHO “NYURGUN BOOTUR THE SWIFT”

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

One of the sources of replenishment of the synonymic wealth of the Yakut language is folklore. It is known that the Olonkho language and style are characterized by syntactic parallelism. Among the researchers who drew attention to this fact were G. M. Vasiliev (1973), folklorists of G. U. Ergis (1974), I. V. Pukhov (1985), linguists E. I. Ubryatova (1950), P. A. Sleptsov (1990) and others. The current article examines the representation of one of the most striking stylistic means of expression – synonymic phraseological units in the text of olonkho “Nyurgun Bootur the Swift”.

The objectives of the study include the selection of synonymic phraseological units from the olonkho via a continuous sampling method; the classification of phraseological synonyms based on structural, semantic and stylistic characteristics; determining the stylistic functions of synonymic phraseological units.

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WHY SO MANY MISTAKES? ON THE ISSUE OF LITERACY IN MODERN MEDIA TEXTS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses some of the reasons for the decline in the level of literacy in modern media texts, it points out the cases leading to an increase in the number of stylistic, grammatical, logical and other errors in modern media texts. It is noted that the authors of media texts create their works in new conditions than journalists of the pre-Internet era, therefore following the classical language norm is not always possible. Authors often have to deliberately make mistakes, since this is required by commercial relations with media partners, advertisers, founders, etc. The article provides examples of unsuccessful interference in the text, cases of defective combination of verbal and nonverbal parts of the media text. The research is based on both professional mass media (online publications of official media outlets) and amateur users (blogosphere, online ads).

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“…AND FOR SOME REASON HIS NICKNAME WAS BRONZE” (BASED ON A.P. CHEKHOV’S “ROTHSCHILD’S VIOLIN”)

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is discusses the semantic environment of the nickname “Bronze” of the main character in A.P. Chekhov’s story “Rothschild’s Violin” and its connection with other themes of the story. The article shows how the craft of the undertaker subdued the consciousness, behavior, attitude and feelings of the character, depriving him of the joy of life and the ability to compassion. The authors believe that the appearance of the character’s nickname “Bronze” has a color-related nature and is attributed to blushing with his face becoming like bronze when he played the violin in the orchestra. A detailed analysis of the meanings of the word-symbols associated with the nickname of the character and the profession of the orchestra director made it possible to include Bronze in the most important theme of the story: the saving, protective power of music reflected in the title of the story, “Rothschild’s Violin”. The article allows the authors to conclude that bronze, being an alloy of metals, symbolizes the duality of the character: the combination of the features of a gloomy undertaker and a subtle musician, death and life. according to the authors, the ability of this metal to turn green under the influence of natural factors serves as a guarantee of the possible return of the hero to the world of “living” feelings and actions.

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PLURALITIES IN THE ARTISTIC STYLE OF THE YAKUT LANGUAGE (BASED ON THE WORKS OF A.E. KULAKOVSKY)

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Currently, the issues of the study of functional styles in the Yakut language are becoming more and more widespread and socially significant. In light of this fact, the study of the ways of expressing the category of plurality and its stylistic functions both in scientific and practical terms is very relevant for the further development of the Yakut literary language.

The purpose of this study is to identify and describe ways of expressing the category of plurality in the artistic style of the Yakut language on the basis of the works of the writer A.E. Kulakovsky The subject of the study is the lexical and grammatical category of plurality in the Yakut language. The object of the study is the use of the category of plurality in the Yakut poetic work. This article discusses and identifies stylistic features of the use of morphological and syntactic ways of expressing the category of plurality in the artistic style of the Yakut language. In accordance with the purpose of this research, the author of the article uses semantic-stylistic, comparative and descriptive research methods. Studying stylistic features of the category of plurality in the poetic works of A.E. Kulakovsky reveals a wealth of morphological and syntactic ways of expressing this category in the Yakut language. The scientific novelty of this research lies in the fact that for the first time in Yakut linguistics, an attempt is made to study the ways of expressing the category of plurality in the works of A. E. Kulakovsky.

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FUNCTIONALISM AND CULTURAL RELATIVISM IN THE FRAMEWORK OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article determines the actuality of functionalism and cultural relativism, its influence, the contribution to intercultural communication, value in the culture of each nation. The work mentions the emergence of intercultural communication as a young trend in the science of the 20th century, the appearance of functionalism and cultural relativism, which had a significant impact on the development of linguistics in general.

The article investigates foreign and domestic works devoted to the problems of the topic under study, draws attention to its importance for the development of science.

The study of scientific works confirms the slogan of the relativists: “Cultures are different, but equal”, which implies a particular cultural importance in the framework of intercultural communication.

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LINGUISTIC MEANS OF DEPICTING THE DUALITY OF THE WORLD IN V. SOLOUKHIN’S LITERARY WORKS

Posted in 2021, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article describes one of the types of ensuring semantic and syntactic coherence of text segments in the works of V. Soloukhin, which is is the reduction and dilution of components of binary constructions of the syntagmatic type serving not only to provide textual cohesion but also to depict the duality of the observed world created using an original method of doubling or splitting the significatum explicated in different parts of the syntagmatic construction that names dual phenomena and objects of reality. Such doubling or bifurcation of the significatum acts as one of the features of Soloukhin’s language representing the conceptual idea of duality, pair-composition of the author’s linguistic worldview.

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