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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

NOMINATION MECHANISMS IN ARTICLES OF CRIMINAL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, CRIMINAL CODE OF MONGOLIA AND CODE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEDICATED TO ASSIGNING A PUNISHMENT

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the issues of modifying the form and semantics of nominative units in articles of regulatory acts, as well as the mechanisms of nomination based on the material of articles dedicated to assigning a punishment in the Russian, English and Mongolian languages. The refinement of the significative value due to the introduction of an additional lexical unit, the expansion of the meaning, narrowing of the meaning, metonymy and conversion are the main nomination mechanisms.

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ACTUALIZATION OF MEANINGS OF A POLYSEMANTIC WORD “PEREMENA” (CHANGE, BREAK) IN LINGUISTIC CONSCIOUSNESS OF CIVIL REGISTRY OFFICE EMPLOYEES AND PROGRAMMERS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the hierarchy of meanings of polysemantic words depending on the profession of the speakers in the Russian language. We conducted comparative analysis of the results of a free association experiment with employees of Civil Registry Offices and programmers on the example of the word “peremena” (change, break). The data obtained allow identifying differences in the actualization of the meanings of a polysemantic word demonstrating the influence of the specific features of professional activity on the linguistic consciousness of the speakers.

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MODALITY AS A WAY OF EXPANDING SEMANTIC SPACE (ON THE MATERIAL OF ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES)

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The study of the category of modality becomes very important with the development of cognitive linguistics and belongs to one of its most complex problems.

The relevance of this category is closely related to the relevance of other categories: grammatical, lexical, and contextual.

The modality domain expressing the speaker’s desire is not semantically homogeneous.

The purpose of this article is to compare some ways of conveying the relationship of the subject to action in the English and Russian languages.

The analysis of the semantic structure of some models of modern English and Russian languages, expanding the space of information interaction of communicants, is given.

The relationship of the subject to the action or phenomenon is one of the characteristics of the modal aspect of the sentence.

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PROBLEM OF CORRECTING ERRORS IN ORAL SPEECH OF STUDENTS LEARNING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The following article discusses approaches to correcting errors in the oral speech of students learning English. Along with this, language structures are described, as they are the main sources of errors. Currently, these are often electronic information tools. Arguments in favor of consistent and continuous alignment of the corrected text are given. Means of correction (consideration of a primitive case, change in the temporal structure of the sentence, etc.) should be selected with regard to the nature of errors, motivation of students and teacher’s competencies.

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MEDIAPOETRY AS A SYNTHETIC TYPE OF MODERN POETIC CREATIVITY

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to media poetry as a synthesis of poetry and various media spaces created with the help of a whole range of multimedia technologies. Great attention is paid to video poetry and sound poetry as the most popular genres of poetic and intermedia types of discourse, as well as an analysis of a number of poetic works. The purpose of the study is to establish the status of the phenomenon of media poetry for the poetic Internet discourse of the XXI century, as well as to identify the linguistic and stylistic means specific of this genre. The author emphasizes the importance of Internet technologies for writing poetic texts, as well as their conversion into a media or sound product, since without taking into account verbal, visual, musical, holographic components, the plot of the work cannot be fully interpreted.

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FUNCTIONING OF SPECIFIC FORMS OF FUTURE VERBAL TENSE IN LITERARY TEXT

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the system of meanings of verbs of the present and future tenses in texts of the communicative and narrative speech. Linguo-didactic description of verbal meanings (in the form of semantic oppositions) is relevant for the purpose of teaching Russian as a foreign language, as conscious mastering of functional and grammatical categories of time and type requires correlation of the ways of expressing universal meanings in typologically different languages.

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GENRE DISTINCTION OF FAIRY TALE “PIMPERLE” BY N.P. VAGNER

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

A literary tale by N.P. Vagner “Pimperle” became the research material for this article. It is part of the collection “Purring Cat Stories” (1872). The methods of plot writing and organizing the system of images in a fairy tale are analyzed. The traditions of the genre of exemplum for children are combined with the elements of the Christmas puppet mystery-play with its deep unity of the worldly and religious. The results of the research showed there is profound philosophical meaning behind Vagner’s fairy tale that goes beyond the outer framework of the exemplum’s narrative (the form of “conversation” of the adult mentor with the child). The author points to the main ontological feature of the world – its fundamental ambivalence. The integrity of the world is expressed by Pimperle’s laughter in the fairy tale referring to both poles of the life process: Life and death.

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ENTERTAINMENT METHODS IN FASHION MEDIA DISCOURCE (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TV SHOWS “MODNY PRIGOVOR” (FASHION SENTENCE) AND “SNIMITE ETO NEMEDLENNO” (WHAT NOT TO WEAR)

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of entertainment techniques in fashion discourse actualized in the space of the television programs “Fashionable Sentence” and “What not to Wear.” The main attention is paid to gaming techniques realized through the scenario production of the TV show and acting of the participants. The author comes to the conclusion that presenting information about fashion in the entertaining-game format allows mediators to spread the ideology of the possibility of change with the help of a new wardrobe not only in terms of appearance but also in terms of human destiny with the maximum impact on the addressee.

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ALPHABETIC WORDS AND HYBRID EDUCATION IN CHINESE IT TERMINOLOGY AND INTERNET-LEXIS

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The author in the article considers the phenomenon of the use of atypical lexical units written in the alphabet in the modern Chinese language, as well as various mixed alphabetic-hieroglyphic formations, of the field of information technology and the Internet. The influence of the principle of the linguistic economy on the distribution of abbreviations and hybrids is emphasized. The examples of abbreviations based on pinyin, homophonic and other combined words used in a communication network are given.

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CULTURAL TRADITIONS IN CONTEMPORARY FICTION OF KABARDINO-BALKARIA

Posted in 2018, Issue №9(75) September 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Cultural heritage is a holistic phenomenon comprised of internal interrelations and external interactions in various spheres of the human social life (fiction, professional art, education, everyday and festive culture, etc.). Heritage is often opposed to innovation in literature and art, in this connection, the most significant task of this paper is to study its role and place in the contemporary artistic process. The establishment of the literature of the North Caucasus people is inseparable from the oral tradition and poetry writing of the region. The study of the contemporary artistic prose of the area in the context of the epic and historical heritage influence is of great interest. The article shows that the use of folklore subjects, mythological characters, folk poetics, as well as other components of cultural heritage (material and natural monuments, customs, rituals, etc.) in the national literature increases ethnic and artistic imagery and emotional expressiveness.

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DAILY TIME CYCLE IN HEROIC LEGENDS OF KHAKAS PEOPLE AND TUVINIANS (COMPARATIVE ASPECT)

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to the identification and analysis of standard temporal expressions describing time cycles in the texts of the Khakass and Tuvinian legends. In the course of the work, expressions describing morning, evening and night were revealed. When analyzing the material, the author’s main attention was paid to the semantics and structure of the revealed expressions. The main result of this article is the definition of means for expressing daily cycle of time in the texts of the Khakass and Tuvinian heroic legends and their comparative analysis.

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EXPRESSIVE POSSIBILITIES OF CHENGYU PARALLEL AND NON-PARALLEL STRUCTURES

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the ways to increase the expressiveness of Chinese phraseological units of Chengyu. Chengyu is a special class of Chinese phraseological units, built according to the norms of the ancient Chinese language and reflecting the distinctive culture of China. The article analyzes the structural and semantic features of two varieties of Chengyu: a parallel and non-parallel construction. In the course of the study, it was established that the lexical and grammatical means of increasing the expressiveness of the chengyu of both varieties do not coincide because of the different grammatical structure and lexical composition of chengyu.

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THE QUESTION OF SOME SPECIFIC FEATURES OF SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The author considers a special kind of discourse, scientific, as it contains a certain set of special features such as informative, logical and accurate presentation of information, as well as due to the linguistic instrumentarium inherent in it, the content of which varies depending on the type of scientific discourse, be it written, or oral variety of this style, as well as on the type of the natural language itself. The article describes some phonetic, lexical, morphological and syntactic features of the scientific discourse. The results of the research are used in the courses of General Linguistics, Stylistics, special courses on Discourse Theory and Business Communication, as well as in the practice of teaching foreign languages and creating manuals for practicing engineers.

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IDEOLOGICAL AND THEMATIC CONTENT OF THE MODERN BASHKIR POETRY

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The ideological and thematic content of modern Bashkir poetry reflects the interconnection of complex human destinies along with the display of the clash of false and true notions of morality, honor, and uneasy relationships between the older and younger generations. Constant decrease of morality which manifests itself in the behavior of modern people has strengthened the attention to moral integrity of an individual in poetry. Poetry consists of a gamma of sounds, a palette of colors, tones and halftones, various transitions, shades of feelings and experiences which successfully reflects the dialectics of the human soul corresponding to the subtle and profound nature of contemporary conflicts.

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INVESTIGATION OF LINGUO-STATISTICAL NATURE OF STRESS AS SYNERGETIC PHENOMEN

Posted in 2018, Issue №8(74) August 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The author of the paper consider psychological stress as a phenomenon from the point of view of the statistics of the oral text generated in the stress state, and also from the point of view of statistical data on the change of consciousness felt by a person himself/herself. The application of statistical methods is consistent with the synergistic concept, popular in the last decade, according to which both the language, the text, and the speech generation system are complex synergetic systems for which statistical methods of research based on the experimental data seem to be the only possible ones. Overcoming human stress in the context of synergistic teaching can be considered as a property of self-organization of such a system aimed at overcoming chaos.

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LEXICON OF ANIMAL WORLD IN THE EVEN LANGUAGE

Posted in 2018, Issue №7(73) July 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article shows the lexicon of the animal world and color names in the description of the colors of animals in the Even language. The language of Even is rich in words and terms related to deer and hunting for wild animals. The Even language includes anatomical names of animals, mainly domesticated and wild deer. This is the most ancient layer of the folk lexicon.

This is due to the peculiarity of the climate and the traditional way of life of the Even people. The lexicon of each language reflects its specific linguistic picture of the world, depending on the geographical location, the lifestyle of a particular people.

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PROBLEMS AND OUTLOOKS OF MEASURING RATINGS OF TV-CHANNELS

Posted in 2018, Issue №7(73) July 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article most fully and methodically considers all information concerning the measurement of TV-channels ratings. The history of telemetry is briefly described in the paper. There are four ways to distribute TV content. Four possible methods of gathering information from the public about television watching are described as well, problems and shortcomings of each are indicated. Also, the author suggests original ways of measuring ratings for broadcasting segments with the use of mobile phones. Separately, the high reliability of TV ratings with targeted broadcasting on the Internet was noted. Possible prospects for measuring ratings are described.

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ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN METHODOLOGY AND LINGUODIDACTICS AND THE NEED FOR NATIONALLY-ORIENTED GRAMMATICAL DESCRIPTIONS OF THE RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Posted in 2018, Issue №7(73) July 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the grounds for distinguishing levels of linguodidactics and methodology as a methodology and practice of teaching, on the subject, the tasks of linguodidactics as a science and on ways to create linguodidactic models of the Russian language as foreign for the national contingent of the pupil on the basis of a functional-communicative linguodidactic (pedagogical) language model. The thesis about the need to create nationally oriented methodological materials based on the student’s language with a view to optimizing the teaching of non-European speakers is grounded. It is suggested that, given the typological distance between the Russian as a foreign language being studied and the native language of the Chinese student, it is necessary to build training based on linguodidactic descriptions of the Russian language system created in a comparative aspect, that is, “in the mirror” of the learner’s language.

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TRANSLATION OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS AS MEANS TO REALIZE PRAGMATIC POTENTIAL OF ENGLISH POLITICAL MASS MEDIA DISCOURSE

Posted in 2018, Issue №6(72) June 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

At the present time news concerning political events and politicians are really ubiquitous. In order to make political mass media discourse more bright and impressive, politicians and journalists use different expressive and figurative linguistic units, with phraseological units being among them. Translators for their part face the problems of transferring them appropriately so that to preserve the pragmatic potential of original mass media texts and to influence the target audience.

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USAGE OF HASHTAGS IN INSTAGRAM-BLOGS

Posted in 2018, Issue №6(72) June 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The Research article presents the analysis of the features of the hashtag operation in Instagram-blogs. The possibility of expressing hashtags with grammatical means of different levels is noted. The versions of hashtags are shown, as well as the forms of their implementation in posts of the Instagram-blog. Features of the hashtag-heading are considered. Trend, brand and content characterize hashtags. The hashtag is designated as a special element of hypertext, which has a certain communicative status, depending on the intentions of the author.

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