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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PHILOLOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

EMOTIVE ZOOMORPHISMS AS THE MEANS OF A NEGATIVE DESCRIPTION OF A PERSON IN RUSSIAN AND ARABIC LANGUAGES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the research is to study emotional zoomorphisms in the comparative and collative aspects based on the material of Russian and Arabic languages. The academic novelty of the work is due to the fact that the description of the negative standards as the elements of cultural values hierarchy did not receive the necessary comprehensive coverage in the scientific literature, researchers have not studied these aspects comprehensively on the material of zoomorphisms functioning in modern speech products. This paper aims to fill this niche by proposing a systematic description of the emotive zoomorphisms functioning in modern Russian and Arabic languages. The article demonstrates that emotive zoomorphisms in both languages act as a means of transmitting information on the state of the subject’s speech, on their attitude to the environment. Observing zoomorphisms in the comparative aspect indicate that national stereotypes demonstrate national differences, they differ in the cultures compared, and therefore when communicating in different languages, when using zoomorphisms to express various shades of emotions, national peculiarities of their use should be taken into account.

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INEQUALITY MICROFIELD CONSTITUENTS OF SEMANTIC COMPARATIVE CATEGORY IN YAKUT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article uncovers the functioning of inequality microfield constituents of comparative semantic category based on the Yakut language. The inequality microfield of the comparative category is characterised by differentiating the expression between the features of objects and events. The microfield is constituted by various degrees of comparison: comparative degree, superlative degree, degree of the feature. The author highlights implicit comparison expressing the intensity of the feature; complex sentences having comparative clause, expanded sentence of inequality.

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MODALITY IN THE VIRTUAL MODEL OF COGITATIVE ENERGY IN MOTION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The author attempts to investigate the issue of language modality from a physical and mathematical standpoint based on the similarity of the functioning environment of the cogitative energy with the relativist one, which is also characterized by the non-encompassing infinity and unlimited speed. For the first time, a method of understanding the debatable linguistic issues related to the essential characteristics of modality, mode, and dictum is proposed through an analogy with physical and mathematical notions. In particular, the well-known Einstein formula can be directly applied to explain the nature of such a purely linguistic phenomenon as language modality. The author believes that dictum and mode cannot be considered separately, and this confirms the thesis of the great Russian linguist A.M. Peshkovsky that modality expresses the speaker’s attitude to the connection they establish between the content of the utterance and the reality.

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SYSTEM OF NOUNS EXPRESSING THE QUANTITATIVE CATEGORY IN YAKUT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the paper is to summarize the research on nouns serving as the lexical means of expressing quantitative semantic category in modern Yakut language. The system consists of two main semantic elements: notional nouns denoting lexical meaning of single objects/notions and collective nouns denoting lexical meaning of a group of objects, and, on the other hand, special nouns used to express quantitativeness – count nouns and measure words.

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PSEUDOANGLICISMS – ENGLISH WORDS OF LOCAL ORIGIN

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article looks into the peculiarities of the modern process of English to Russian borrowings. It examines the distinctive features of anglicisms and pseudoanglicisms – the words and phrases that do not have full or partial semantic equivalence with English root words. The paper presents six groups of pseudoanglicisms: pseudoanglicisms having semantic shifts; elliptical modifications of English word combinations; English identifying names that became common nouns; words and phrases, created by Russophones using English language material (morphemes), or by imitating “English” phonetic form; composites including Russian root morpheme and English affix and Russian derivatives, wrongly perceived as anglicisms. This classification is topical during the intensive study of anglicisms by Russian and foreign linguists.

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THE MODELING OF THE TRANSLATION PROCESS IN THE COGNITIVE ASPECT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Currently, due to the scientific and technological progress, the interest of scientists to the cognitive aspects of translation activities has significantly increased. This led to an increase in the requirements for professional scientific and technical translation, thereby indicating the need to find new approaches to study it. The purpose of this article is to attempt to create a cognitive translation model that describes the mental operations of the translator. The increasing interest in identifying the translator’s thought mechanisms and the enormous need for technical translation provide the basis for optimizing the translation process. The method of cognitive modeling is one of the solutions to this problem. Scientific and educational texts from N.K. Yashina’s manual “Food Technology” are used as materials for the research. To achieve this goal, the following methods are used: cognitive modeling as a procedure for describing the translation process, introspection method for testing theoretical positions by self-analysis of the results of their own experience in this research field. The cognitive representation of the translation process on the example of the given model of scientific and technical translation is an important stage in the process of identifying the essence of the translation process.

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THE FEATURES OF BUSINESS COMMUNICATION IN THE SITUATIONS OF PSEUDO-COMMUNICATIVE CONTACTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to study the features of dialogical speech in the situations of ineffective communication. The studying of the processes of ineffective communication allows us to note that failures of verbal behavior contribute to the emergence of pseudo-communicative situations. The inadequacy of speech behavior of the participants in dialogical interaction creates certain conditions under which the communicative partner feels uncomfortable and is reluctant to participate in the process of communication. Speech behavior inadequacy factor means a failure of dialogical interaction on the communicative, interactive and perceptual levels, which contributes to the formation of pseudo-communicative situations.

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LYRICS AS THE TARGET OF LINGUISTIC RESEARCH

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article is an attempt to look into the modern lyrics from the standpoint of its characteristic linguistic properties and subject-based features.

The concepts of “pop culture”, “national culture”, and “lyric” are discussed. The vocabulary is analysed from the viewpoint of the subject scope of the lyric, the specific functioning character of lexical and grammatical means is revealed, the revealed devices of literary speech are described, and the specifications of using them in lyrics are given. The article covers the issues of language-culture interaction.

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SPECIFIC FUNCTIONING CHARACTER OF THE PHRASE [AS AN EXCEPTION]

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This paper looks into the functioning of the phrase “в порядке исключения” [as an exception], which has a fixed right component. The target of research is the phrase “в порядке исключения” [as an exception]. The purpose of this article is to find the specific syntactic co-occurrence of the derivative preposition “в порядке” [as an] with the fixed right component. The “left” and the “right” components comply the left and the right preposition valency and make up the limited context. Russian National Corpus (RNC) was used to study the syntactic co-occurrence of the phrase “в порядке исключения” [as an exception].

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LEXICAL-SEMANTIC VARIANT OF THE VERB AND THE ASPECTUAL MEANING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 08(98) August 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the problem of teaching the verbal aspect to the non-native speaker learner. As an effective tool of the notion-based teaching, the article presents the system of aspectual semes of meanings, which takes into account the ontological aspectual action features; the system was developed as a part of Fundamental Applied (pedagogical) Grammar of the Russian language. The article describes the factor of lexical ambiguity, which manifests in speech as the lexical-semantic variant of the verb. A considerable number of example corpora demonstrate the way the lexical meaning of a verb and its aspectual options vary in dependence of the lexical-semantic variant, the way lexical-semantic variant interacts with the context on the syntactic level – using the mechanisms of lexical and lexico-grammatical valency.

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SINESTETICH METAPHOR OF THE NOVEL B. L. PASTERNAK «DOCTOR GIVAGO»

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In the article the sinestetich metaphor presented by three categories is considered and analysed: “touch – sense of smell”, “taste – sense of smell” and “sight – sense of smell”.

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INTENTIONALITY OF THE ADVERTISING TEXT AND INDIRECT RESULT OF ITS PRAGMATIC EFFECT

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The ways of language volitional function implementation in advertising texts are discussed and the examples of indirect suggestive impacts achieving or failing the required pragmatic effect are studied.

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PROSODIC MEANS OF INTRA-PHRASE DEMARCATION IN INTERLANGUAGE COMMUNICATION

Posted in 2014, Issue October 2014, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In the article the prosodic correlates of intra-phase segmentation under conditions of speech interaction are considered. Temporary, melodic and dynamic prosodic characteristics in connected speech delimitation are analyzed in the article.

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GRAMMATICAL FEATURES OF ARGOTIC VERBS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the grammatical features of argotic verbs. Each part of the speech represented in the Russian argot has particular characteristics in the field of morphology, although it is generally accepted that Russian social dialects do not have morphological and syntactic features. The author substantiates the opinion that the Russian argot has characteristic aspects not only in the field of vocabulary, phraseology, and word formation but also in the field of grammar. They manifest themselves when we compare the lexical system of argot with the lexical system of the codified language. The results of the study of the morphological features of the Russian argot can form the basis for further analysis of the morphological features of other components of the speech substandard: vernacular, social, and professional slang.

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FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICIAN’S MEDIA IMAGE IN MODERN WORLD

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the role of semiotic characteristics of a politician’s public speeches in the formation of his/her image. The president of the French Republic was chosen as the object of observation; the studied subject is an analysis of the non-verbal side of the president’s public speeches during his three years in the Champs Elysees. Being a young president, both in terms of age and in terms of the ruling, E. Macron is a vivid example of a new generation politician not only in France but also around the world as a whole. We made an attempt to determine the role of non-verbal means of communication – gestures, facial expressions, demeanor, and organization of the space for public speaking – in creating the image of a politician.

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF ALTERATIONS AT THE PERIOD OF MODERNISM (EXPERIMENTS WITH FORM IN PROSE AND POETRY)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article focuses on American literature of the era of modernism, generated by the rapid socio-economic and political changes in American society. Authors intentionally breaking the rules of grammar presented new techniques and styles of poetry and prose. The works of the era of modernism cover less conscious topics and are more focused on self-esteem and understanding of imaginary pictures presented by poets who have explored new ways of revolutionizing their poems and attracting readers to their literary works.

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OBJECTIFICATION OF THE CATEGORY OF “EMOTIVITY” IN THE TEXT OF ENGLISH FOLKTALES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE NARRATOR’S SPEECH

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Emotions are an integral component of intellectual culture. Despite their universality, emotions have particular characteristics of verbalization in different languages, due to the inherent subjectivity in interpreting the surrounding reality, which is of undoubted interest to linguists. The emotive component of the text of a fairy-tale is an element of the holistic ethnic identity of a group speaking a language at a certain stage of its development. English fairy-tales are characterized by the presence of a variety of linguistic means that objectify the verbal and non-verbal expression of human emotions from the perspective of the narrator.

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COMPOSITE WORDS IN GERMAN PRESS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This paper considers the example of press texts in one of the productive models of word-formation of the German language, word composition. The relevance of this study is due to the attempt to consider the specifics of compound nouns in the German language on the corpus of new examples of the press since the press is the source of the active language functioning, where the processes of modern word-formation take place. Productive models of word composition in the media are the subject of the research. The following research methods were used in this study: comparative analysis, continuous sampling, component analysis. As a result of the study, the following conclusions were made. The most frequent and productive types of words in the language of the German-language press are complex nouns (composites), the first elements of which are the foundations of the same part of speech. Complex nouns in the media perform the following functions: they compress information and through complex nominations report on voluminous concepts of the modern reality. Often, journalists use occasional composites, the semantics of which are derived from the meanings of the components of a complex word or disclosed by context. At the same time, some complex press composites can inform the reader of a hidden assessment of facts or describe an event, thus forming a special attitude among readers.

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ON THE EXISTENCE OF ‘GROUP’ AND ‘PERSONAL’ SLURS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 07(97) July 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The research of slurs, nouns denoting people and expressing contempt for them, such as nigger, slut, fag, has gained ground in linguistics and linguistic philosophy. The study of slurs as an important linguistic and, at the same time, socio-political problem, influences the researchers view of the material – they start looking at them from the perspective of identity politics, which disables objective scientific knowledge of the phenomenon under study. The article highlights one of the cases of such politically biased attitude of scientists to the studied material – the division of slurs into ‘group’ and ‘personal.’

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GENERAL THEORETICAL BASIS OF EXPRESSING PREFERENCES-COMPARISONS IN THE SYSTEM OF AXIOLOGICAL MODALITIES (ON THE MATERIAL OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE)

Posted in 2020, Issue № 06(96) June 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to consider modal phrases that express preference and comparison in terms of their semantic and pragmatic characteristics, as well as modal functions realized in utterances by means of the English language. The scientific novelty of the paper is predetermined by the currently used integrated approach to the study of the preference and comparison modality as poly-modality expressed in the form of modal phrases in the context of the problem analysis of the axiological modality of a literary text. The study deepened scientific ideas concerning the modality of the literary text, as well as syntactic, logical, and grammatical modal phrases of preference-comparison in the system of preferential sentences.

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