Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PEDAGOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

STRUCTURAL MODEL FOR BUILDING AN INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL ROUTE FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS OF VARIOUS CATEGORIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The education has to meet the requirements that are set by the modern society to prepare an individual who will be able to independently solve the tasks assigned to them, has a high level of development of general and professional competencies, and is a conscious member of modern society who is focused on its development and improvement. The process of individualization is most clearly presented and expanded on in the individual educational route. The article explores the structural model of building an individual educational route for various categories of college students and describes in detail each structural component of the model, namely: target, content, activity, evaluation, and developed pedagogical conditions for its implementation.

Read More

ESTABLISHING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES AT A NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY: DISTANCE LEARNING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

Due to the spread of coronavirus infection, changes have affected absolutely every area of human activity. The pandemic has affected the education system as well, moving education from real classrooms to virtual ones, resulting in an impasse for both teachers and students. The teachers had to quickly decide on new distance learning methods and techniques, find a platform that meets the requirements of ease of use, optimization and availability on all kinds of devices (PC, tablet or phone), while the students had to adapt to new learning conditions.

The paper analyzes the ways and methods of teaching a foreign language using online services and platforms. It examines the conditions for the development of communicative competence of students from technical education. The research studies the methods for the formation of communicative competence in the format of distance learning and considers the main advantages and disadvantages of the development of the “speaking” aspect as one of the most important types of speech activity in interactive learning.

Read More

SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN CONDUCTING ADVANCED TRAINING OF SPECIALISTS IN THE FIELD OF DISINFECTOLOGY AND DISINFECTION ACTIVITIES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article illustrates the experience of accelerated training of specialists who improve their skills in the field of disinfectology (дезинфектология), which is necessary for practical use in ensuring epidemiological well-being in medical, educational, commercial and other organizations. In the context of the new coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic and the development of modern information and communication technologies, it is possible to increase the level of training that effectively influences the quality of the educational process in disinfectology and disinfection activities (дезинфекционная деятельность) through the use of remote training methods.

Read More

INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGY AS A MEANS OF DEVELOPING LEARNING ACTIVITY AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF LAW STUDENTS IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF A COLLEGE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the issue of teaching the English language at the law faculty of a college with the introduction of interactive technology. The research centers on one of the most pressing issues of the present time — the revision of traditional training in the process of forming learning activity and foreign language communicative competence of future specialists in the legal field. Experimental training using interactive technology, conducted by the researchers at the Agricultural College of Vladikavkaz, reveals the significant role of modern interactive technology in the development of learning activity in college students. 4 groups of the sophomore students of the Faculty of Law and Social Security took part in the experimental training. The results of the interactive training demonstrate the formation of learning activity and the development of the students’ communicative competence.

Read More

VALUE-SEMANTIC DENSITY OF TEXTS IN TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE READING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the issues of teaching students to read in a foreign language in the process of a professionally oriented mastering of foreign language in a non-linguistic university. It is noted that the ability to read in a foreign language is associated with such skills as information searching and information processing that are in high demand from the specialists in the field. The gathered experience in higher education shows that reading professionally oriented foreign language texts often generates low interest among students, which does not contribute to the development of their skills. The article sees the solution to the problem in the use of texts with value-semantic density in the learning process. The analysis of research in the field of personal development in the process of foreign language training in higher education suggests that the content of value and semantic attitudes in texts that meet the needs and interests of modern youth contributes to improving the effectiveness of mastering reading as a type of speech activity. The paper defines markers of the value-semantic density of professionally oriented texts at the levels of higher education (bachelor’s, master’s, and postgraduate studies). The selection of texts based on the proposed markers will contribute to taking into account the needs of students and bringing personal meanings to the educational process.

Read More

METHODS OF FORMING SYNERGISTIC THINKING IN PHYSICS LESSONS IN A SMALL STAFFING SCHOOL

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

This article centers on the relationship between the formation of synergetic thinking in physics lessons in primary school, the key characteristics of which are aimed at considering a variety of possible ways to develop a complex structureas well as the results of student learning. The study explores the method of performing the main stages of the learning process from the point of view of a synergetic approach, the principles of which are openness and non-linearity, randomness of the process, instability and unpredictability of the system its efficient management. The main idea of the study is to carry out a small but resonant impact (at the right time, at the right place) in order for internal mechanisms to self-regulate and self-build the system, as a result of which it would be possible to observe how order is formed from chaos at the macro level. The article evaluates the results of using the method of forming synergetic thinking at a small staffing school in Yakutia via parametric and nonparametric methods and draws appropriate conclusions. The results presented in the article can be used to develop the theory and methodology of teaching physics in both regular schools and small staffing schools.

Read More

PERFORMING ANALYSIS OF CHAMBER VOCAL WORKS IN THE PREPARATION OF PIANISTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION: A THEORETICAL ASPECT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The specificity of performing an analysis of chamber vocal works is determined by the content and compositional interaction between poetic texts and music. The content of the article is aimed at revealing the theoretical provisions of this analysis and substantiating the need for concertmaster pianists to master its basics. The article identifies the connection between the performance of the work and the analytical activity of the pianist as well as examines the technological and expressive functions of the accompaniment. The study contains conclusions regarding the performance of a work as a phenomenon of musical art and artistic reality. The principle of integrative learning helps to highlight the art of the concertmaster in a combination of general, specific and individual aspects as a dialectical unity of intellectual-analytical and intuitive-imaginative principles.

Read More

ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE TYPES OF AUTONOMIC REGULATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article illustrates the expediency of taking into account physical development, types of physique and the state of the autonomic nervous system for the implementation of an individual typological approach in the development of health-improving training programs. Individuals with different body types differ not only in terms of physical development, but also in typological features of autonomic regulation. The discovered differences between middle-aged women lead to differences in the structure of their motor capabilities. The obtained data show that the features of a person’s physique, depending on the type of autonomic regulation, are significant and can be used for a differentiated approach to organizing health-improving physical culture.

Read More

THE EXPERIENCE OF THE ORGANIZATION OF PROJECT ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE AT THE MOSCOW POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses various types of project activities that can be organized at the initial stage of learning Russian as a foreign language. In this case, passive assimilation of knowledge is replaced by active cognitive activity, which develops independent skills in students, forms creative thinking. These types of project activities should be carried out under flexible supervision of the teacher, since students still speak Russian at a low level, so they need direct assistance from the teacher. The article presents the experience of organizing project activities as a traditional way of learning, and distance learning.

Read More

METHODS OF TEACHING TO COMPOSE A SCIENTIFIC TEXT THROUGH THE USE OF “GEOGRAPHICAL SOLITAIRE”

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article presents a methodology for developing and applying the didactic tool “Geographical solitaire” (Geografichesky pas’yans), which develops a skill in students to compose a mutually agreed upon scientific text based on the key concepts obtained as a result of the solitaire layout. The paper contains a theoretical analysis that reveals the problem of developing concepts in the process of mastering the content of the school geography course. The paper presents some concepts of the school geography course, an example of a graphic illustration of the tool, rules for the layout of solitaire and the selection of concepts that require students to give definitions and compile a complete meaningful text based on them. Random concepts are given as examples, between which a logical chain is established serving as the basis for composing a geographical text. The proposed geographical solitaire can be used as a training tool aimed at forming a geographical picture of the world.

Read More

TOPICAL PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE IN THE CONTEXT OF CHALLENGES TO FIELD EDUCATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with current problems of modern pedagogical sciences in the context of the development of Russian science and education. In this article, the authors point out the necessity of setting educational research towards the strategic priorities of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation identify the most promising directions of increasing the efficiency of scientific and educational research related to the provision of field education, effective conceptual and methodological decisions that define the interdisciplinary connections in pedagogical Sciences and enrichment of the conceptual sphere of pedagogy with the materials from psychological and medical sciences. The study justifies the necessity of consistently reducing the amount of conceptually secondary and insufficiently practice-oriented research.

Read More

INTERPRETATION AS AN INNOVATIVE METHOD OF ACCELERATED FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the article is to explore a method based on the receptive understanding of languages, which is an integral part of the multilingual approach. In foreign scientific literature this method is described as “mutual understanding between related languages” or “intercomprehension”. Using the analysis of foreign scientific literature with the involvement of some Russian sources, the study describes various current educational projects based on this method as well as analyzes individual technologies for accelerated foreign language learning. The author of the study concludes that a very short time frame of achieving results can be considered the main advantage of this method. The method of intercoprehension allows not only to derive maximum benefit from the close relationship of languages, but also from such transversal aspects as discursive and textual typology as well as from other pragmalinguistic and extralinguistic elements, which makes it a dynamic and effective means of learning languages and cultures within the contemporary framework of multicultural education.

Read More

ON THE PREVENTION OF DYSGRAPHIA-RELATED DIFFICULTIES IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING BASIC WRITING SKILLS IN ENGLISH TO PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the topical problem of prevention of dysgraphia-related disorders in primary school students in the process of learning to write. The article examines the features and causes of this disorder and proposes a method aimed at preventing writing errors in younger students of educational organizations not only in their native language, but also when learning a foreign (English) language. The research presents the results of the diagnostic stage of an experimental study to identify the level of formation of writing skills in primary school students. The main research methods include observation and analysis of the output produced through student activity. The article presents an analysis of the results of the study, which reveal the presence of perseveration in the substitution of letters with graphic and acoustic similarities in younger students. In its conclusion the paper outlines further ways to study the problem.

Read More

THE POTENTIAL OF “WORKOUT-TRAINING” PROGRAMS IN IMPROVING THE LEVEL OF FUNCTIONAL STATE OF SENIOR YEAR STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the problem of increasing the level of functional state of students studying in higher educational institutions of the Republic of Belarus during physical education classes. This study presents an innovative method based on the priority use of “workout-training” programs to increase the level of functional state of students. The method of applying the “workout-training” programs tested in the pedagogical experiment allows for the optimization of the process of physical education of students and the increase in their level of functional state. The results of the study are applicable to the activities of sports and recreation clubs as well as to the educational process of pedagogical and physical education universities of the Republic of Belarus.

Read More

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPING PROBLEMS FOR MATHEMATICAL OLYMPIADS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the problem of developing, selecting and completing a set of problems for school mathematical olympiads. The study utilized the following methods: analysis of pedagogical and methodological literature, program documents, monitoring the process of organizing the olympiad, the study of the content of olympiad problems in mathematics at all stages. Conclusions: the order of formation and configuration, criteria for evaluating olympiad problems in mathematics should correspond to the content of the outcome-based approach to teaching. The level of difficulty of olympiad tasks should correspond to the level of the olympiad. It is necessary to adhere to the correspondence of the content of olympiad problems to the logical structure of mathematical competence, covering all stages of the cognitive process, forming unified subject and universal educational actions. A set of problems is compiled according to their type, content, and evalutation capabilities. The use of the test form for problems in olympiads does not indicate a higher level of mathematical knowledge of school graduates.

Read More

3D MODELING IN MESHMIXER 3.3 AS A MEANS OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

В данной статье рассматривается возможность разработки 3D моделей обучающимися средней школы средствами MESHMIXER 3.3 в рамках дополнительного образования по информатике. Цель: 3D-индустрия развивается огромными темпами, поэтому обучение потенциальных деятелей в этой отрасли является одной из перспективных и необходимых задач современной школы. Проблема исследования: проанализировать работу обучающихся с трехмерным моделированием в учебном процессе на примере бесплатной программы Autodesk MeshMixer и определить их дальнейшие интересы в области редактирования 3D-графики и подготовки 3D-моделей к печати. Методы: теоретический анализ источников и изучение технологии 3D-печати; проведение эксперимента по созданию моделей; наблюдение за процессом работы обучающихся; анкетирование. Результат: для изучения 3D-моделирования и разработки 3D-моделей правильнее всего использовать метапредметный подход, так как компьютерное моделирование позволяет более глубоко и осознанно изучать абсолютно любые природные объекты, процессы и явления, а также познавать объекты, процессы и явления из сферы человеческой жизнедеятельности. Метапредметный подход дает ученикам универсальные когнитивные навыки к поиску решений задач, поставленных как способ решения возникающих проблем, через использование знаний и навыков, которые были усвоены и систематизированы ими ранее. Через целенаправленную деятельность ученики учатся находить решения в любых областях и сферах жизни.

Read More

EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: DIDACTICS OF THE FUTURE

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

In the article, the authors consider issues related to education for sustainable development. Despite the fact that this direction has been developing for more than 30 years, it remains a “pedagogical exotic” in Russian schools. Education for sustainable development is a global innovation that changes the system of modern education, which does not allow using any already used educational technology or methodology, for example, environmental education. It is necessary to develop a didactics of sustainable development. Such changes require theoretical justification, in particular, the search for answers to the main questions of didactics: “Why, what and how to teach? » in the interests of sustainable development.

Read More

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTIVATION FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION LESSONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The relevance of the problems of motivation for physical education is determined by the diversified nature of this type of activity.

The combination and degree of expression of needs determines the hierarchy of motives. Today, the promotion of a healthy lifestyle is incredibly widespread due to the fact that in recent years the health of the nation has significantly deteriorated because of bad habits, refusal to take part in sports activities, etc. The article describes the formation of a positive attitude towards physical culture and sports, both among adults and the younger generation. The article concludes describing the main motives of those engaged in physical education and presents recommendations for increasing motivation for physical education and sports.

Read More

POSITIVE EDUCATIONAL FEATURE OF AN ESTABLISHED ROUTINE IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article describes the current problem of establishing a daily routine for students. The article indicates the beginning of research and the introduction of the concept of a “routine” and its varieties into scientific use. On the basis of repeated analysis, the paper highlights specific features of the professional establishment of the daily routine while also emphasizing its influence on the development and formation of physical culture. These features serve as prerequisites for mastering the value directions in this culture through the ability to discern its subtle features in the development of an individual.

Special attention is paid to the role of streamlining and improving the routine and to the interest in the formation of an attitude of values towards physical culture as an attribute of development and formation in society. The article presents a personalized value system of physical culture and some features of its formation on the basis of interest variety.

Read More

MODELS OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS ORGANIZATION IN INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 11(101) November 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article describes possible models for organizing the educational process in an inclusive environment. The transition to inclusive education in General education schools in Russia requires new models, methods, and technologies for implementing an integrated approach to the process of teaching children with disabilities and special educational needs. The transition also involves organizing conditions that take into account their specific development and needs as well as a clear understanding of the term “inclusive educational environment” to create effective conditions for obtaining knowledge not only for such children, but also for their peers who only require the standard curriculum. The paper clarifies the concept of “inclusive educational environment”, identifies models for working with students with disabilities and special educational needs that contribute to the organization of the learning process in inclusive schools or special classes. The research provides an example in the form of the author’s experience of organizing the educational process in an inclusive environment of Municipal Budgetary General Education Institution “Secondary School No. 25” in Smolensk.

Read More