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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

PEDAGOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

ENSEMBLE TRAINING AS A COMPONENT OF A PRACTICE-ORIENTED APPROACH IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS BRASS CLASS IN CHINA

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article briefly formulates the relevance of the practice-oriented approach in modern Chinese music education in the field of brass art. This approach is due to the growing number of orchestra groups in the country and, accordingly, the possibility of employment of graduates of specialized universities. The author points out the lack of an orderly system of training young spiritual teachers, high-quality methodological support of the educational process, as well as a significant variation in the professional level of both teachers and their students, depending on the specific educational institution, city and region of the PRC. The practice-oriented approach in the training of spiritual specialists involves the study of the motivational readiness and preferences of future graduates regarding the intended place of work, the formation of popular professional and personal communicative qualities, the appeal to the appropriate repertoire in correlation with certain technological tasks, etc. One of the key components of this approach in the modern university training of specialists in the field of brass art is the formation of the skills of orchestral and ensemble playing of young performers.

Creating a variety of courses on the art of playing in an ensemble is the best opportunity to develop students ‘ musical abilities. At the heart of this training is not only knowledge of your instrument and masterful command of it, but also attention to the sound of other parts. This allows you to quickly assess the position and appropriately integrate your own performance into the overall sound, without standing out, but also without getting lost in the overall acoustics. The implementation of reforms in the field of music and pedagogical education in the People’s Republic of China provides for the improvement of professional training of students of various musical specialties in universities, the introduction of new educational standards, methodological support and guidelines for the content of the learning process. The practice-oriented approach in this context is designed to integrate existing educational models with innovative developments in teaching spiritual students and adjust the algorithm of the educational process accordingly.

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DEVELOPMENT OF INDEPENDENCE IN THE COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of developing independence in the cognitive activity of younger schoolchildren, which is one of the necessary components of the learning process and thier self-development. The study identifies the factors and criteria of cognitive independence and demonstrates the dynamics of the level of independence in the cognitive activity of younger schoolchildren in a Belgorod school. Based on the results obtained, the study introduces a set of tasks at the ascertaining stage, which contributes to the effective development of independence in the cognitive activity of younger schoolchildren. The testing was carried out during extracurricular activities, which are an integral part of the education process of primary school children.

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IMPLEMENTATION OF PRE-MAGISTER AND PRE-POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMS AT THE PREPARATORY SCHOOL FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS OF KAZAN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article presents the aspects of implementing additional general education programs of pre-master’s and pre-postgraduate training of foreign citizens in the preparatory faculty for foreign students of the Kazan Federal University. The study demonstrates innovative approaches and teaching methods, educational and applied methodological complexes as well as displays the directions of interaction of subject teachers with Russian philology specialists. Also, the article determines the main issues arising during the implementation of the above-mentioned programs for foreign citizens, and proposes ways to solve them. The study considers the possibility of using the proposed methodological guidelines in order to adapt foreign students to the difficult conditions of studying in a foreign-speaking country.

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PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF INTRODUCING THE ELEMENTS OF EXHIBITION DANCE ACROBATICS IN COMPETITIVE BALLROOM DANCING GROUPS

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article explores the following topics: the concept of “exhibition dance” as a subject of scientific research; pedagogical aspects of implementing acrobatic elements into the activities of competitive ballroom dancers; determining the method of introducing acrobatic elements into the activity under study. The study forms a model of implementing elements of exhibition dance acrobatics among competitive ballroom dancers. Also, the authors examine the method of applying the elements of acrobatics in competitive ballroom dancing as well as the model of introducing those elements.

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PSYCHOMOTOR TRAINING OF BOXERS AGED 14-15

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article briefly presents the results of the introduction of special psychomotor training in the training process of boxers aged 14-15. The study involved 24 young boxers that had been practicing for at least 1 year (12 people in the experimental group and 12 people in the control group). The study establishes the presence of a pronounced effect of the psychomotor training cycle on the strength, flexibility, and coordination capabilities of the boxers. Significant changes in the indicators of physical fitness are quantitative indicators of the effectiveness of training of young boxers. A significantly higher proportion of the athletes tested after the events are sufficiently balanced, strive to achieve results, have high self-esteem, and are prone to risk and change.

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USING VIBROACOUSTIC EFFECTS IN THE TRAINING OF YOUNG BOXERS

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article presents an analysis of the mobility and balance of the nervous processes of young boxers when using vibroacoustic effects. The research was conducted in the National Sports Boarding School No. 5 in Ufa, Russia and involved 82 boxers aged 14-15. The subjects were divided into two groups: control (n=48) and experimental (n=34). The assessment of the general mobility of nervous processes, balance, and strength of nervous processes was carried out on the device of psychophysiological testing “Sportivny psikhofiziolog” (Sports psychophysiologist). As a means of recovery, the research utilized the “Vitafon” medical device. Vibroacoustic impact of the calf muscles of young boxers was carried out in the mode of 2 for 10-15 minutes at the end of the first-day training session of the preparatory period. Using micro-vibrations on young boxers increases the excitability of the nervous system, the strength of nervous processes increases with external stimuli along with the accuracy of reactions, it also establishes the balance of excitation and inhibition. As a result, the study determines the possibility of using vibroacoustic effects in the training of young boxers.

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THE ENERGY BALANCE OF THE BODY OF YOUNG BOXERS WHEN USING RESTORATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the changes in the energy balance of the body of young boxers when using restorative technologies. The study was conducted in the National Sports Boarding School No. 5 in Ufa, Russia. The study involved 82 boxers aged 14-15. As a means of recovery, vibroacoustic impact was used with the help of a medical device called “Vitafon”. Vibroacoustic impact of the calf muscles of young boxers was carried out in the mode of 2 for 10-15 minutes at the end of the first-day training session of the special preparatory period. The possibility of using micro-vibrations in a special preparatory period of the training process of boxers is also shown.

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FORMATION OF THE FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY IN THE CONTEXT OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article determines the role of additional education in the formation of the foundations of social activity in children with intellectual disability. The article considers the correction-oriented trajectory of additional education in the context of the formation of the foundations of their social activity. Also, the study provides a rationale for the need to revise the target settings, content, organizational forms, and methods of leisure activities, taking into account the special needs of children with intellectual disability. The authors describe the aspects of the formation of cognitive, communicative, aesthetic, motor, moral, and labor orientation of social activity as the key positions of adaptation of educational programs of additional education.

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PEDAGOGICAL TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF KEY EDUCATIONAL STUDENT COMPETENCIES

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article describes the pedagogical process for the formation of key educational competencies based on the methodology for the development of critical thinking, identifying four stages of achieving this goal. The object of the study is an integral pedagogical process in a general education organization, while the subject is pedagogical activity on the formation of key educational competencies. The practical significance of the research lies in the possibility of applying the results of the research for implementation in the holistic pedagogical process, as well as in the form of textbooks, teaching aids, methodological materials.

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FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF FUTURE TEACHERS IN A WORKING ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the formation of professional competencies of students in the training program 44.03.01, Pedagogical education, “Mathematics”. The purpose of the article is to determine the value of field (methodological) practice as the key factor that forms the professional competencies of a future mathematics teacher. The article aims to provide solutions to the following tasks: the study of the theoretical foundations of the field (methodological) practice corresponding to the “Teacher” professional standard, the identification of problems of the formation of professional competencies, the presentation of the results of testing in practice. The article presents the stages of the formation of professional competencies in students of a pedagogical department during methodological practice. The methodological basis of the study was the analysis of normative acts, the work program of field (methodological) practice, and the use of empirical methods such as observation, analysis of the results obtained. The study demonstrates the importance of the formation of professional competencies of future mathematics teachers and draws conclusions on the possibility of further improving the practice in a general education school that form the professional competencies of future teachers.

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IMPLEMENTATION OF DISTANCE LEARNING IN A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

In view of the implementation of a set of measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, starting from the spring period of 2020, many leading domestic universities maintain a distance learning format to a certain extent.

The main objectives of this study were to evaluate the distance learning form organized by a university directly by students and to study the educational process of a medical university, taking into account the specifics that imply a significant impact of successful acquisition of professional skills at each stage of mastering a given specialty. The analysis of the data obtained allows for drawing a conclusion on the attitude of students to distance educational technologies, which in turn will allow for forming proposals for improving the electronic educational environment of the university and take into account the key problems of the effectiveness of online interaction between teachers and students in the future.

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USING PODCASTING IN THE PROCESS OF LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The main task of studying a foreign language at a university is the formation of general cultural competence of students, which implies having the ability and readiness for various types of communication, including professional communication. The teaching methodology should be aimed at the formation of cognitive and communicative competence, stable motivation for learning. In the modern information society, “multimedia learning” plays a significant role in studying at higher education institutions. The method of creating and using podcasts (one of the types of multimedia learning) transfers the student from being an object to a subject of learning, stimulates creative activity, readiness to apply knowledge in practice. The article discusses the use of podcasting for the organization of interactive work of students in a foreign language. Special attention is paid to the practical aspect of podcasting for English language learners. Also, the article discusses the possibility of creating podcasts and the specifics of tasks related to podcasting.

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METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN STUDENTS VIA STUDENT-CENTERED EDUCATION IN THE FRAMEWORK OF LANGUAGE LEARNING

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

This article deals with one of the most pressing problems of modern methods of teaching foreign languages related to the optimization and modernization of the ways of forming the intercultural communicative competence of students. The study particularly emphasizes the role of intercultural dialogue as means of forming the language knowledge of students through the prism of multiculturalism of the traditions of the studied countries and peoples. The novelty of the research lies in the development of didactic strategies and the structuring of appropriate recommendations to teachers with the aim of increasing the motivation of students to learn through the actualization of their personal role and the development of the semantic sphere as integral components of the process of developing the proper level of language and skills within the scope of the professional and communicative activities of the students.

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ALEXANDER BELL AS A PROPONENT OF THE PURE ORAL METHOD IN AMERICAN SIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article outlines the reasons for the famous American inventor’s appeal to the issues of teaching and educating deaf people. The author of the article introduces an original position on the organization and method of teaching people with hearing impairments. The results of the study can be used in the preparation of students and bachelors of the following programs: “Special and Inclusive Education”, “Special Education”, “History of Sign Language Teaching”.

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DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL OF THE SKILLS OF MONOLOGUE SPEECH IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN THE FORMAT OF A VIDEO BLOG

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

With the development of new technologies in the world, the ways of social interaction are also changing, new forms of communication are emerging. Training in foreign language communication, aimed at the development of foreign language communicative competence, cannot but take into account these trends. The article discusses the functions of the blog and the possibility of using this format for the development and control of monological speech skills in the process of teaching foreign languages. The effectiveness of its application in the educational process is justified; the course and results of the trial training of students aimed at creating speech messages of a monological nature in the format of a video blog are described and the results of the training are supported by data obtained during the survey of students who took part in the trial training.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT AS A CONDITION FOR PREVENTING MOBBING AND BULLYING

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the manifestation of such phenomena as “mobbing” and “bullying” in an education system. The article presents an analysis of foreign and Russian psychological studies on the issue of school bullying as well as international and Russian legal documents regulating the protection of children from mobbing and bullying. The authors propose a definition of the concept of a “psychologically safe educational environment”, which is considered as a condition for preventing mobbing and bullying. The study examines the concepts of mobbing and bullying, their essential characteristics, types, features of manifestation, social structure, and means. The authors present their own experience in preparing future teachers to design a psychologically safe educational environment.

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IMPLEMENTATION OF THE “FLIPPED CLASSROOM” METHOD IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TO SCHOOL STUDENTS (RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE)

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The modern federal state standard of basic general education reflects the need for the formation and improvement of foreign language communicative competence necessary for successful socialization as an instrument of intercultural communication in the modern multicultural world. This becomes the starting point for instructional design since the learning process requires completely new tools and methods. This study describes the implementation of the “Flipped Classroom” method in the process of teaching language to secondary school students. The article presents an algorithm for implementing this method in the process of teaching a foreign language to 7th grade students. Also, the article demonstrates examples of practical tasks that can be used when working with the method as well as the conditions for choosing a lesson that should be conducted using this method. A distinctive feature of this research is the description of using the “Gravity Falls” animated series when applying the method under study.

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USING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PREPARATION OF FUTURE TEACHERS FOR THE PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF SCHOOL STUDENTS

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

Education is understood as an activity aimed at the development of an individual, as well as the creation of conditions for their self-determination and socialization, taking into account spiritual, moral, and socio-cultural values, rules, and norms of behavior in the interests of a person, family, society, state, etc. An important component of education is the activity of forming patriotism, respect for the memory of the Heroes of a Fatherland. The most serious problem of modern Russian society, and, consequently, of education, is the threat of loss of patriotic and national consciousness, the erosion and falsification of historical memory. Changes in the paradigm of historical consciousness and the political conjuncture have seriously affected the very system of teacher training. Stimulating a resurgent interest in the history of the country and pride in its successes require a new way of patriotic education of young people and adolescents. In this regard, it is relevant to prepare future teachers for the effective implementation of patriotic education, taking into account the informatization of society. The article presents the conditions for such training and the possible use of information technologies for their implementation.

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STRUCTURE AND CRITERIA OF PREPAREDNESS OF BACHELORS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SELECTION COURSES

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the preparation of future teachers for the development of new pedagogical initiatives that arise due to changing external conditions and requirements for graduates of higher educational institutions of the bachelor’s degree level. The article analyzes various approaches to the definition of the concepts of “preparedness”, “preparedness for pedagogical activity”, “selection course”, “preparedness for the development and implementation of selection courses”. This allowed the authors to formulate their own definition of the concept of “preparedness of bachelors to develop and implement selection courses”, on the basis of which the main components of the teacher’s readiness for different types of activities were identified such as personal, praxeological, psychological, and methodological. The article highlights the criteria for the preparedness of pedagogy bachelors to develop selection courses, provides their characteristics, offers not only qualitative criteria for assessing preparedness but also develops quantitative indicators of the phenomenon under study. As a result of the research, the authors propose tools for determining the levels of readiness of pedagogy bachelors for the development and implementation of selection courses.

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COLLABORATIVE LEARNING AS A WAY TO IMPLEMENT A STUDENT-CENTERED APPROACH IN TEACHING PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

Posted in 2021, Issue №7 (109) July 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

Student-centered learning takes a fresh look at the purpose and content of primary school education. From the point of view of modern educational concepts, the student is the center of learning, and their active educational and cognitive activity is aimed not at reproducing ready-made knowledge, but at mastering the ways of thinking as a form of the process of cognition. However, not all learning contributes to the progress of intelligence. A special organization of the learning process is necessary, in which students themselves should strive to acquire new knowledge, develop their thinking, interests, inclinations, and realize the need for communication and interaction. Learning in cooperation contributes to the intensification of mental activity of primary school students by launching the activation of thought processes and is the most important link in the chain of actions leading to the formation of the student as a subject of educational activity.

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