Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

JURISPRUDENCE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

FORMATION OF MEDICAL EDUCATION SYSTEM IN RUSSIA: XVII – EARLY XX CENTURY

Posted in 2019, Issue № 6(84) June 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article discusses the formation of the system of medical personnel training in Russia in XVII – early XX centuries. Throughout its history, the Russian state has paid great attention to training doctors. The formation of the state system of medical personnel training in Russia has a long history and begins during the reign of Ivan IV, when foreign doctors became the first teachers for the Russian physicians. The formation of higher medical education begins in 1758 with the establishment of the Faculty of Medicine at the Moscow University. Medical education enters a new phase in the post-reform period which is connected with the formation of the zemstvo (provincial administrative district in pre-revolutionary Russia) health system contributing to an increase in the number of medical personnel in the Russian Empire as well as in the number of universities.

Read More

ARTELS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Posted in 2019, Issue № 6(84) June 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The development of information technology is closely linked to the growing threat that behemoths will be able to block access to the market for all other companies in pursuit of increased profits and thereby stop the progress and further development of world economies, which is especially dangerous for developing countries. Currently, an increasing number of scientists are beginning to pay close attention to this, which is, in most cases, a new area for them, and it confirms the relevance of this study.

Read More

FACTORS, DETERMINING CRIMINAL ACT: UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVES OF THE CRIMINAL ACT

Posted in 2019, Issue № 6(84) June 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article discusses approaches to select the leading factor in a criminal act. Based on theoretical analysis, the unconscious factors of criminal behavior are determined, among which are attitudes, motives, limits of admissibility, etc., as well as family factors. The place of unconscious factors in the structural-dynamic concept of deviant behavior is considered. The significance of taking into account the unconscious factors of a criminal act is indicated when organizing events for the social and psychological rehabilitation of repeat offenders.

Read More

COMPARATIVE LEGAL ANALYSIS OF THE INSTITUTE OF CHANGING THE TYPE OF PENITENTIARY FACILITY UNDER CORRECTIONAL LAW OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2019, Issue № 6(84) June 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the topic of correlation between legal regulation, changing the type of penitentiary facility under the correctional law of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Russian Federation. General trends in the development of the penitentiary policy in terms of changing the type of correctional institution are revealed on the basis of in-depth analysis. Tendencies are identified which enable the elimination of the shortcomings of legal regulation in the part of the progressively regressive system of serving a criminal sentence on the example of two countries.

Read More

ON HEARING CASES RELATED TO THE USE OF PERFORMANCE-ENANCING DRUGS BY ATHLETES IN THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Posted in 2019, Issue № 6(84) June 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

Addressing the issues related to the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes is indispensable for modern sport. This article discusses the basis for accepting cases of athletes associated with the use of performance-enhancing drugs in the European Court of Human Rights. Examples of some appeals are given and conclusions are made concerning the impact of the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on the development of sports and sports organizations.

Read More

ECONOMETRIC MODELING OF THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS ON CRIMINOGENIC SITUATION IN SAKHA (YAKUTIA)

Posted in 2019, Issue № 6(84) June 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

Identifying the factors that influence the number of crimes is necessary for a more detailed diagnosis of the nature of crimes, as well as for taking action to prevent them. This paper presents a study of the influence of social and economic indicators on the crime rate in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The information database consists of official data publicly available on the Rosstat website and annual reports of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The final result of the work is a regression model describing the change in the level of crime depending on various factors.

Read More

QUALITY OF REALIZATION OF COORDINATION TECHNOLOGY: PROBLEMS OF DEFINITION OF CONCEPT

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

In work it is told about new methodological approaches to research of properties and characteristics, quality and efficiency of the legal phenomena. Application of new approaches is shown on the example of coordination legal technology

Read More

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL REGULATION AND THE INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN FIGHT AGAINST INCOME GAINED BY THE CRIMINAL WAY

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article reveals the aspect of the interaction and the genesis of the structure of international cooperation in the field of combating money laundering proceeds towards the development of cooperation between Russia and foreign countries under free trade and movement of capital.

Read More

THE REMEDIAL POLICY IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

In given article the essence of a remedial policy and its activity in Russia is considered.

Read More

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

In article the main shortcomings of the existing Constitution of the Russian Federation are considered and the main directions of its further development are designated.

Read More

THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL OF CRIMINAL LAW IN THE EARLY XX CENTURY

Posted in 2014, Issue February 2014, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article considers the preparation and adoption of the Criminal code, 1903: chronological milestones stages of discussion, available comments and discussion, and the gradual introduction, the assessment of both Russian and foreign figures of science.

Read More

STUDYING PROBLEMS OF BORDER CROSSINGS DEVELOPMENT IN AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT OF INNER MONGOLIA DURING CONSTRUCTION OF THE ECONOMIC CORRIDOR “RUSSIA-MONGOLIA-CHINA”

Posted in 2019, Issue № 5(83) May 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The Russia-Mongolia-China economic corridor is an important transit route, the purpose of which is to combine the initiatives of the Great Silk Road economic zone of China, the Trans-Eurasian railway of Russia and the Steppe route of Mongolia. Creating an economic corridor is a major component in supporting the “One Belt – One Way” initiative. The autonomous region of Inner Mongolia is the point of this economic corridor, in which three states intersect. However, the development of Inner Mongolia as a checkpoint has not only several obvious advantages but also some disadvantages. Therefore, it is necessary to use the benefits of Inner Mongolia to the maximum and remove all obstacles in order to build a border crossing between the three countries in the future and thereby stimulate trade and openness to the north. Only by improving and developing the border crossing one can contribute to economic development and accelerate the pace of creation of the Russia-Mongolia-China economic corridor.

Read More

ON NEED FOR LEGISLATIVE ENSURING OF HONOR, ADVANTAGE AND BUSINESS REPUTATION OF MEDICAL EMPLOYEES FROM ILLEGAL ATTACKS OF MASS MEDIA

Posted in 2019, Issue № 5(83) May 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The relevance of the article is stipulated, on the one hand, by a serious public response, which causes any mention of “medical errors” in the media, and on the other hand – by an increase in citizens’ complaints to law enforcement agencies about inadequate medical care, which led to the need to create special units that will deal with “iatrogenic” crimes of medical workers. The number of complaints from patients to law enforcement agencies in connection with the injury to health is constantly growing. The patient has the right to defend own right to health protection, and the interest of the media in “medical affairs” is quite natural and is an expression of the constitutional right to freedom of thought, speech, and freedom of the media. However, as is often the case in published materials of a critical nature, this right, with the incorrect submission of information, conflicts with another equally important right – the right of individuals to protect own name and honor.

Read More

BILATERAL AGREEMENTS OF THE BRICS COUNTRIES IN THE FIELD OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Posted in 2019, Issue №4(82) April 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

This article presents the study of the prerequisites for the development of relations in the field of intellectual property in the framework of BRICS, on the example of cooperation between Russia and India, by studying bilateral and multilateral agreements in this field, and highlighting the main features of this process, identifying the advantages and disadvantages of such interaction between states as a conclusion of a bilateral agreement, identifying possible points of contact between the BRICS member countries for further cooperation. The relevance of the topic is due to the fact that for quite a long time there is a close relationship in the field of intellectual property between Russia and other BRICS countries, such as India, it requires proper legal consolidation for successful development and implementation.

Read More

THE CATEGORY OF “PROBABILITY” IN CIVIL LAW: CONCEPT AND LEGAL VALUE

Posted in 2019, Issue №4(82) April 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the probability as a civil category, reflecting a complex legal and social phenomenon. When studying this category in the article, the author studies the aspects of its definition in the fields of humanitarian, social and exact sciences. Special attention is paid to categories in which the term under study is displayed and through which, according to the author, its legal meaning is determined. In particular, this applies to the categories of “risk” and “case” which are quite often used both in the theory of jurisprudence and in legislative practice.

When studying the category of “probability” accents are marked to delimit the meaning of this category from similar, but not identical categories. These are both independent terms and those through which the meaning of the category under study is determined. In particular, this concerns the category of “uncertainty”.

According to the results of the research, the author suggests the definition of the category of “probability”, its attributes, the theoretical and applied possibilities of the use of this category in civil law, as well as the possible prospects for its further research through the lens of civil law methodology and the conceptual apparatus of civil law.

Read More

DUAL NATURE OF THE JUDICIAL PROTECTION METHODS OF CITIZEN LAND RIGHTS

Posted in 2019, Issue №4(82) April 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

This article identifies and confirms the problematic nature of the procedural aspect of the application of judicial protection for citizen land rights. Based on the analysis of legal norms, the dual nature of the methods of this protection is revealed in the paper. The urgency of the problem is caused both by the existing legislative conflicts of the norms of several branches of law regulating the grounds and procedure for the protection of violated land rights and by the considerable number of disputed decisions of judicial practice. The need for changes to the Land Code of the Russian Federation in terms of systematic construction of the relevant regulations is proved.

Read More

TRANSPLANTATION OF HUMAN ORGANS AND TISSUES: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

Posted in 2019, Issue №2(80) February 2019, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The rights of the fourth generation, which include somatic rights, cause a lot of controversy. The human right to organ and tissue transplantation falls into this category. The article discusses moral, ethical and legal aspects of this phenomenon. As a result, the author comes to the conclusion that most people are unaware of the existence of the “unsolicited consent” system for organ transplantation from a dead donor in Russia. In addition, there are a number of problems, including moral and legal ones, which concern the regulation of these relations. To solve the majority of the moral problems, it is necessary to develop high technologies for growing human organs artificially, as well as to introduce the system of “solicited consent,” otherwise the likelihood of abuse is high, both on behalf of doctors and criminal groups.

Read More

ON DRAWBACKS IN THE WORK OF ADMINISTRATIONS OF MUNICIPAL ESTABLISHMENTS THAT PROVOKE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CORRUPTION RISKS (SOURCE: CRIMINAL CASES)

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

In the article, the authors attempted to conduct a study of the corruption risks implementation using a number of court decisions as a source. The focus is on sentences imposed on municipal employees. The conclusion is made about the necessity to improve the prevention of corruption as one of the main factors influencing the prevention of corruption crimes. It is proposed to analyze the materials of criminal cases for the purposes of assessing corruption risks in specific areas of public administration.

Read More

ON THE CONCEPT AND SPECIFICS OF PROHIBITED LEGAL SYMBOLS

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The paper presents the analysis of the concept and features of prohibited legal symbols. Based on the selected key features of this group of symbols, the author has attempted to provide a comprehensive definition of prohibited legal symbols; analyzed the history of the emergence and development of symbols, their diversity; discussed the belonging of one or another symbolism to a legal group of symbols; offered a complex concept of legal symbolism, and highlighted such categories as legal symbols in a broad sense, legal symbols in a narrow sense, as well as legally significant symbols.

Read More

MAIN FEATURES OF INVESTIGATION OF NARCOTIC DRUGS TRAFFICKING USING THE INTERNET

Posted in 2018, Issue №10(76) October 2018, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The structure of the methodology for investigating narcotic drugs trafficking using the Internet is presented, the elements of the forensic characterization are indicated. An investigation program is proposed to establish and detain a suspect at the initial stage and to prove the suspect’s guilt at a later stage using Internet monitoring, a tactical and test purchasing operation, withdrawal, inspection of physical evidence, electronic information, computer technical expertise, etc.

Read More