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HISTORY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

MEDIEVAL BURIAL OF KORDON MIASSOVO 1 IN MOUNTAIN-FOREST ZAURALYE

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a study on medieval burial of Kordon Miassovo 1 monument in the mountain-forest Zauralye. This is a burial of a young man. His odontological racial and diagnostic signs point to his mixed European-Mongoloid origin. The complex of morphological features of the bones of his skeleton expressly indicates classic features of the permanent riders. The burial dates back to XIII – XV centuries and most likely refers to Chiyalik culture.

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KYSHTYM NUCLEAR DISASTER OF 1957: HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE OF LIQUIDATING EFFECTS OF LARGE-SCALE RADIATION ACCIDENTS

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to one of the most serious radiation accidents in the history of nuclear weapons in our country – the Kyshtym Radiation Accident, which occurred on September 29, 1957, at the first Soviet industrial nuclear enterprise, “Mayak” Chemical Plants, located in the South Urals. The issues related to the organization and conducting of post-emergency liquidation activities are considered. Particular attention is paid to the aspects of the accident that have been little studied so far. The analysis of the system of liquidation management and its consequences were considered as well as the solution of the issues necessary for ensuring radiation safety.

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PROBLEM OF THE GREAT VOLGA ROUTE IN “STORIES” BY JACOB REUTENFELS

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

We made an attempt to analyze the information on the Great Volga Route contained in the essay on Russia by a prominent Catholic figure, a native of Courland, Jacob Reutenfels (written around 1676). This source is considered in the context of the attempts to gain a foothold on the Volga-Caspian route by the Europeans connecting the West with the East. It is concluded that Reutenfels had an obvious personal interest in using the Volga region as a transit corridor between Europe and the eastern countries. It is hypothesized that the reports analyzed were connected with the diplomatic and missionary aspirations of the Roman Catholic Church in the second half of the 16th-17th centuries.

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ACTIVITIES OF AMERICAN NGOs IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND MAIN TRENDS (1991-2012)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The paper describes the differences in the approaches of the West and the East to non-governmental organizations. The main points of view of domestic political and expert circles concerning the activities of American NGOs on the territory of the Russian Federation are analyzed. The authors estimate the potential of specific activities of non-governmental organizations as instruments for destabilization in Russia. A forecast is made regarding the prospects for the development of certain types of NGOs as conductors of “soft power”.

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FEATURES OF OPERATION OF “OPEN SOCIETY” FUND AND ITS ACTIVITIES IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (1993-2003)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the features of operation of the “Open Society” Fund and its activities on the territory of the Russian Federation during the period of 1993-2003. The author assesses the influence of J. Soros’s personal influence on the activities of this fund, including those on the territory of Russia. Previously unpublished archival documents are presented, in defense of the hypothesis that during the considered period, “Open Society” NGO carried out such activities on the territory of the Russian Federation that go beyond its original competence.

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CONTROVERSIAL ISSUES IN THE STUDY OF EARLY-NEOLITHIC MONUMENTS IN THE MIDDLE VOLGA

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the issues of periodization, chronology and origin of the Early Neolithic monuments in the Middle Volga region. The earliest sites of the Elshan culture appeared approximately at the end of the 7th millennium BC. The population of the Kelteminar did not directly participate in the creation of the Elshan monuments. The similarity of their cultures is due to the fact that ceramics was borrowed from the common source. The Elshan people did not have noticeable influence on the creation of the Early Neolithic monuments in the forest zone. The origin of the monuments of the meadow type is associated with the impact of the Lower Don population.

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POSITION OF TRANS-URAL SOCIETY BEFORE TOBOLSK-PETROPAVLOVSK MILITARY OPERATION IN 1919

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The article discusses the situation related to the population of the Trans-Urals in August 1919. It determines the reasons for the transition of the local population from the white movement to the Bolsheviks. The movement of guerrillas, so-called underwood partisans, under the leadership of the Kurgan underground is considered. Criminal activity of the white punitive forces is traced. Statistical data on “white terror” are given. The article is of interest for historians of Kurgan region of the local lore, who study the period of the Civil war in Russia (1918-1922).

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PETIOTIONS OF RURAL ORTHODOX BELIEVERS ON THE PROVISION OF THEIR RIGHTS IN THE USSR IN THE 1960s-1980s. (ON MATERIALS OF THE PENZA REGION)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The paper analyzes the content, dynamics and main reasons for the petitions and complaints to various levels of authorities (from the local authorities to the Council for Religious Affairs) from Orthodox believers in the Penza region in the context of the events of the Soviet religious policy in the 1960s-1980s. The petitions of the believers reflected the problems of relations with party and state bodies at the local level (opening of church, appointment of churchman, etc.), touched upon the issues of the confessional life of the Orthodox believers (abuse of priests, disposition of finances, etc.).

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EXTREME LEFT-WING MOVEMENT ON THE DON. SOCIALIST REVOLUTIONARY PARTY (1906-1908)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the activities of one of the most radical revolutionary political organizations of Russia – the socialist revolutionary party. The paper summarizes the new material on the study of the problem; the leading, numerical, class and age composition as well as the names of local maximalist organizations are established. The main attention is paid to the forms and methods of work, the identification of features of their activities and the identification of contacts with other political parties. The new factual material obtained allows to reconstruct the social and political development of the Don Cossack Host at the beginning of the 20th century.

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ON THE ISSUE OF FAKE MONEY HISTORY AND FINANCIAL TOOLS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE (1861-1917)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article is dedicated to the study of issues related to the history of banknotes falsification and financial tools in the post-reform Russian Empire. Particular attention is paid to the analysis and systematisation of counterfeit coins production methods, as well as banknotes and stocks. The paper examines the history of the technology development and methods used to recognise fake banknotes. The study also includes poorly researched sources of the Ryazan District Court funds (F. 640) and the Prosecutor of the Ryazan District Court during 1866-1918 (F. 641) of the State Archives of the Ryazan Region (SARR), related to counterfeiting.

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THE ACTIVITIES OF RUSSIAN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE ON CHINESE TERRITORY IN THE LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

This article is based on the archive documents introduced for scientific use for the first time and considers the specific of the organization of intelligence activities of the Russian diplomatic and military departments in the territory of China in the second half of XIX – at the beginning of the 20th centuries. The article reveals the value of confidential correspondence of the Russian diplomats with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Head department of the General Staff in questions of a strategic development of the international relations in the Far East, and also methods and forms of work of the Russian intelligence agencies.

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ECONOMIC ASPECT OF THE LATE INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF KHAKASSIA)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The effect of the global crisis on the development of the Russian historical science is studied in the article; the priority of economic history at the present stage is substantiated as well. The basic principles of the modernization paradigm are disclosed, showing the possibility of its application in the study of the economic history of Khakassia. The author analyzes the main trends in development of the region during the late industrial modernization, its main features are characterized. The statistical data, reflecting the dynamics of economic development are presented as well.

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NOTES ABOUT THE TRIP OF THE MAIN CHIEF OF STEPPES ROUND SEMIRECHENSKY AND SEMIPALATINSK AREAS IN 1885 AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the retrospective information contained in the archival case № 130 fund № 64 of the Central State archive of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The case contains the information about the trip of the Main Chief of Steppes around Semirechensky and Semipalatinsk areas in 1885. The article adduces the peculiarities of the official registration of papers in the given case where there are the quantitative data about economic and social status of the region, the national structure of the population, and also there are data on the remarks of the Main Chief of Steppes and his encouragement of workers for the excellent implementation of their duties.

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INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION FACTORS IN THE TATAR AUTONOMOUS SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of this research is to give an overview of the industrial pollution factors that had a negative impact on the environment of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic during the Great Patriotic war. These factors include industrial waste products and waste gas. The objective of this research is to determine the danger level of aforementioned factors on the environment and single out the damaged elements. Practical importance of the research lies in the possibility of incorporating its results in the ecology and Russian history studies.

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THE SOCIO-ETHNOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COSSACKS OF UKRAINE IN THE PARADIGM OF ITS HISTORY: THE STATE-LEGAL ASPECT

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article aims to study social-ethnographic characteristics of the groups of Cossacks to clarify the role and place of these groups in the state-forming structure of the society. This issue is debatable as it has been long highly ideologized and politicized with social strata and elites. The author of the article seeks to move away from the prevailing clichés and stereotypes and look at the situation with the use of new sources and new methodological approaches. As a methodological basis, the principles of analysis and synthesis, historicism, historical discourse and critical attitude to the sources are applied.

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STANDARDS OF SWIFT: HISTORY AND PERSPECTIVES

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article researches the history of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications. It analyzes the key events that have helped SWIFT to become one of the important links at the global financial market. The author shows the chronological table with the results achieved during the period of functioning SWIFT. The author has analyzed advantages and disadvantages of the community with specific examples, presenting promising directions of development of SWIFT with the notes. The relevant projects for the development are presented, which strengthens the position of SWIFT on the world stage.

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HISTORY OF MUSLIMS IN GERMANY: FROM THE APPEARANCE TO OUR TIME

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

This article deals with the history of Muslims in Germany, from the moment of their appearance in the guard of Friedrich Wilhelm I to the present day. This issue is now becoming ever more relevant while the migration crisis is sweeping European countries. The article presents the latest statistics on the number and ethnic composition of Muslims in Germany. The author introduces the major Muslim organizations in the country and talks about the attempts of the German authorities to incorporate Muslims into German society.

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PROBLEMS OF TRANSFORMATION OF TRADITIONAL CULTURE THE OSSETIAN IN THE NATIONAL

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Problems of national (traditional) culture’s formation of ancestors the Ossetia before accession to Russia, and its transformation in national culture after entry into structure of the Russian state are considered in the article. Specifics and typicalness of the national culture’s development of one of the Northern Caucasian peoples of Russia are investigated on the example of Ossetia. In the XIX century in the Russian welfare space the culture, multinational on contents, which has become a basis of development of a new, Russian stage of development of the Eurasians civilization develops. The national culture of the ossetians became one of ethnic components of the Russian culture and the Eurasians civilization.

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THE ACTIVITIES OF SECRET MILITARY COMMISSIONS IN POLAND AND GERMANY (1934 – 1935)

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

This article discusses the activities of secret military commissions in Poland and Germany during 1934 – spring 1935. This activity was a part of secret Polish-German military and political co-operation, which is carried out during this period. The main objective was a joint Polish-German-Japanese aggression against the USSR up to 1935. Polish commission was headed by General K. Fabrizi and German’s one – by General V. Reichenau. The source is the Soviet intelligence reports of a “personal archive I.V. Stalin”

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TRANSFORMATION OF A YAKUT OUTBUILDING “СЭРГЭ” (SERGE)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the problems of transformation of the traditional material culture of the Yakuts, in particular – “сэргэ” (serge.) The paper considers traditional and modern Yakut outbuildings called “сэргэ” (serge), their classification, as well as their artistic decoration. It presents two theories explaining the origin of “сэргэ” (serge), reasons for their sacralization, types of “сэргэ” (serge) used by the Yakuts in their everyday life and new types of the installed “сэргэ” (serge.) The article offers the analysis of the factors that influenced the transformation of the Yakut outbuildings called “сэргэ” (serge), which occupy an important place in the life of the Yakut people.

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