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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

HISTORY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

MILITARY TRAINING AND PATRIOTIC UPBRINGING OF STUDENTS IN CHUVUSHIA ON MATERIALS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR IN 1941-1945

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The article analyses forms and methods of military training and patriotic upbringing of students at universities of the Chuvash Republic aimed at increasing their civic consciousness, political activity in the era of global informatization. Main directions in the development and consolidation of historical memory on the materials of the Great Patriotic War in 1941-1945 are singled out: lectures, talks, excursions, acquaintance with museum exhibits, meetings with veterans, discussions, scientific conferences, processions, laying of wreaths, work in project groups, participation in the search movement, etc.

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CHRONICLE OF LODE-WERNER. TO THE QUESTION OF STUDYING OF UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPT

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 7(85) July 2019 | 0 comments

The article presents the main results of the study of the Chronicle of Livonia, known in German-Baltic historiography as the Chronicle of Lode-Werner. This work exists in German and Latin versions, both manuscripts are kept in the Manuscript Department of the Library of the Academy of Sciences of the Chronicle was written in the late XVII century in the Swedish province of Livonia. The focus is on the genealogical structure of Swedish Gothicism, which prevailed in the historical description of the Baltic region of early modern times, and its reflection in the Chronicle of Lode-Werner.

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A BIT MORE TO THE QUESTION OF THE VALUE OF FATY BÆH IN THE WEDDING RITUALISM OF THE OSSETIANS

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 7(85) July 2019 | 0 comments

The article discusses the Ossetian wedding custom of giving a horse denoted by the term faty bæh (“arrow horse”), a horse presented as a gift from the groom to the bride’s family. The author critically analyzes the interpretation of faty bæh as a gift to the bride’s father and concludes that the initial component of this word (fat means “arrow”) reflects an archaic custom according to which the groom’s arrow was left in the bride’s house after the marriage was agreed upon. Later, the custom was transformed: instead of an arrow, a horse was given, and for this reason it was given the name of “arrow horse” and later ethnographic sources describe faty bæh as a gift for the bride’s mother.

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DEGRADATION OF YOUTH. VIEW OF THE TEACHER

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

In the article considered the problem of negative transformation of the new generations as part of modern society.

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MEASURES TO STOP THE DISCLOSURE OF THE POPULATION OF SECRET INFORMATION IN THE CLOSED CITIES OF SIBERIA

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

This article is talking about of the problems of ensure the protection of secret information in the soviet closed nuclear cities of Siberia in the 1950-1980’s.

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“SHE LOOKED AT US EVIL EYES AND RIDES IN AN UNKNOWN DIRECTION”: THE VOLZHSKAY CHUPACABRA

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

There are true stories and byvalshine of the inhabitants of the Saratov Zavolzhye region of mythical animal, killing livestock and bird – chupacabra.

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FROM THE HISTORY OF COOPERATION VSEVOBUCHWITH SCOUT ORGANIZATIONS (1918-22’S)

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

The article discusses the historical experience of work of scout organizations in the system of Universal military training (1918-1922)

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CONFESSIONAL CONTRADICTIONS AT THE COURT OF JAMES II AT THE BEGINNING OF HIS REIGN

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

This article examines the religious policy of James II Stuart and the attitude of the vast majority of the British people and those in power. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between the king and the Quaker William Penn. The paper presents the problem of reviving the High Court of the Commission, its activities and influence on the political situation in England.

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INFLUENCE OF MASS MEDIA ON THE FORMATION OF THE PUBLIC HISTORICAL MEMORY

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 6(84) June 2019 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the analysis of the role of the press in the formation of the historical memory of the residents of St. Petersburg. Publications dedicated to the “places of memory” of the Soviet era are considered and namely – Aurora cruiser and the Field of Mars. The purpose of the study is to look into the role of the press in the formation of the public historical memory on the example of the above-mentioned cultural heritage sites of the city. The objectives of the work include considering the terminology of historical memory, places of memory; selecting publications with a reference to the subject of the study (Aurora cruiser, Field of Mars); analysing the data of the printed press. The study period is 2012. The results of the study may be useful for the investigation of the current state of the public historical memory in general and of the Soviet past in particular.

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EDUCATION IN THE URAL COSSACK ARMY IN THE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURY

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 6(84) June 2019 | 0 comments

The article studies the features of the education system in the Ural Cossack army in the XIX – early XX centuries. It is shown how the number of schools, their types, as well as the quality of teachers and peculiarities of studentsvaried. The attitude of the leadership to the training of specialists was of great importance – students were supported with the help of the military budget.

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DON FARMS IN THE 1990s

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 5(83) May 2019 | 0 comments

Based on the analysis of statistical data, the author considers the problems of the development of peasant farms in the 1990s in the Rostov region. The focus of the problem of a new form of an economic and social type of rural worker formation in the Russian village is considered on the example of the Don region. There was both a growth in the farm in the early 1990s and a decrease in their number in subsequent years. The social and economic problems peasant farms faced with in the 1990s are highlighted. The factors that contributed to the formation of strong farms in the region are indicated as well.

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PROBLEM OF “CHERKESS SLAVERY” IN LATER OTTOMAN EMPIRE (THE SECOND HALF OF XIX – THE BEGINNING OF XX C.)

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

Mass immigration of the Cherkess people and the representatives of other peoples of the North Caucasus to the Ottoman Empire in the 1850s-1860s contributed to the spread of slavery and slave trade in the country originating from both the traditional social structure of immigrant groups and the economic and socio-political conditions of the state that adopted them. In order to overcome the problems caused by the “Cherkess slavery” in the Port in the following decades the state took gradual, but rather consistent steps to limit this phenomenon, which led to its actual disappearance by the end of the Ottoman era.

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MODERN SCIENTIFIC AND SCIENTIFIC AND PUBLICIST LITERATURE OF RUSSIAN AND UKRAINIAN AUTHORS ABOUT THE PAST AND PRESENT OF UKRAINIAN NATIONALISM, AND ABOUT THE STAGES OF UKRAINIZATION HAPPENING FROM THE NINETEENTH CENTURY TO MODERN DAYS

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

The article presents the works of several well-known authors whose scientific and journalistic works are devoted to the phenomenon of Ukrainian nationalism, its origins, formation, and development, current state and prospects. Some authors (R.V. Ishchenko, E.Yu. Borisenok) explore the stages of “Ukrainization” formation (the first author – starting from the middle of the XIX century, the second author considers Ukraine in the 20s – 30s of the last century). Publicistic works (M. Pogrebinsky, A. Vazhdra, L. Sokolov, G. Murikova, A. Shirokorad, as well as one of the works by P. Tolochko) concern the current state of Ukraine, the policies of its current authorities, social problems and the prospects of Russian-Ukrainian relations. A separate issue is the characteristics of various regions of present-day Ukraine and the traditional political preferences, typical for the majority of their population. Virtually all authors, directly or indirectly, are trying to raise the question of the origin of Ukrainian nationalism – is it actually a Ukrainian product, or was it originally imposed from the outside (like the “Ukraine – Anti-Russia” project). The presence of both factors is recognized by all, although the degree of their significance varies from different authors. Three out of eight authors are Russians; three are former citizens of Ukraine (forced to leave it for security reasons), two of those are still the residents of Ukraine. At the same time, they all critically evaluate the activities of the current Ukrainian government and the political course it has chosen, and the ideology of Ukrainian nationalism as a whole. At the same time, the main emphasis of different authors is on different aspects. The purpose of the article is not a deep analysis of the reasons that have shaped their positions, as well as a comparison of the scientific or sociopolitical value of their work. The goal is to simply inform readers with the main works of opposition-minded Ukrainian historians and political scientists, as well as their Russian colleagues.

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AUDIOVISUALS AND SPECIFICS OF THEIR USE IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING HISTORY

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

Based on the analysis of scientific works of well-known local teachers, the article states that audio-visual teaching aids (AVTA) have great educational potential for deepening and expanding knowledge, developing cognitive interest and enhancing students’ mental activity. The experience of history teachers on the use of multimedia technologies and techniques of the use of visual methods is analyzed. It is a question of the features and role of AVTA in the teaching of history in the context of education informatization. Particular attention is paid to the development of fragments of history lessons with the use of audiovisual methods.

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NATIONAL IDENTITY OF THE STATE AND SUPERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE FOREIGN POLICY OUTLOOKS OF CHARLES DE GAULLE

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

The foreign policy of French President Charles de Gaulle cannot be considered without taking into account his vision of the place of France in the world, the so-called. “Greatness of France.” The paper analyzes the attitude of de Gaulle to supranational institutions, which, he, on the one hand, was skeptic about, and on the other, he considered them as an opportunity for France to become a “locomotive” of the European construction.

De Gaulle’s desire for French independence is linked to the beginning of international tension “detente” process. It is noted that being an anti-communist for political convictions and an opponent of political blocs, de Gaulle managed to establish warm relations with the USSR and urged Western countries to follow his example.

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THE HIGH-LEVEL MILITARY PERSONNEL OF THE SWEDISH ARMY DURING THE REIGN OF CHARLES XII (1697-1718): ORIGIN, EDUCATION, PROFESSIONAL TRAINING LEVEL

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

Based on the analysis of Swedish archival documents, biographical directories and the background of previously published works, the authors of the article describe the origin, education, and level of professional training of the high-level military personnel of the royal army during the reign of Charles XII (1697-1718).

This article may be useful to researchers, teachers, adjuncts, and students of humanitarian, educational institutions studying the following disciplines: “History,” “History of Russia,” “Stories of Scandinavian countries,” “History of world civilizations,” “History of international relations.”

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THE IDENTITY CRISIS OF SOUTH AFRICAN WHITE COMMUNITY

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №3(81) March 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019 | 0 comments

The article attempts to define the origins and consequences of the identity crisis of the white community of the Republic of South Africa at the present stage. The complex internal political context in South Africa is caused by a number of problems, among which it is necessary to highlight: the unstable socio-political situation, the problem of overcoming the socio-political barriers created in the recent past, the overcrowding of large cities, the inability of the “new” political elites to make decisions. All of the above-mentioned creates difficult to overcome obstacles for the successful development of the country, affect the standard of living of various segments of the population and prevent creative activities in the international arena. Based on the experience and opinion of foreign experts, primarily South Africans, and also taking into account the prospects for mutually beneficial cooperation between Russia and South Africa, the author gives an expert assessment of the current state of South African society by analyzing foreign scientific and web sources on the topic chosen.

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FEATURES OF OFFICIALS’ SERVICE IN THE YAKUT REGION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURIES

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №1(79) January 2019 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of officials of the Yakutsk region. It identifies the main features of the distant outskirts management in the Russian Empire. The paper analyzes the reasons for the reluctance of many officials to go to Yakutia. The main tasks of the regional administration are formulated. The difficulties in the management of the Yakutsk region are revealed.

The significance of the law “On the Special Benefits of Service in Remote Areas” for visiting and local officials is analyzed. The work can be used in the study of local government.

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“POSNIKOV’S NAME WOULD ALWAYS BRING ME TO A MEMORY OF FIRE …” (TO THE QUESTION OF OBITUARY AS AN IMPORTANT HISTORICAL SOURCE)

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the messages in the Soviet and immigrant press connected with the death of A.S. Posnikov (1846-1922), a famous economist and public figure. The paper presents some particular examples, showing that obituaries contain data that complements and clarifies information about his life and work. It is proposed to consider these publications as the “self-characteristics” of their authors, as well as a kind of “developer” of the peculiar features of the era. The author substantiates the conclusion about the value of obituaries not only as a historical source, but also a kind of “zero cycles” in the historiographical understanding of the role of a particular individual.

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COMPARISON OF IMAGES OF RUYMON AND SAMELI IN RELIGIOUS AND MYTHOLOGICAL IDEAS OF OSSETIANS

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the consideration of the Ossetian legend of the snake-like monster named Ruymon. The main attention is paid to the identification of connections and analogies to this image within the Ossetian mythological tradition and beyond it. The author identified significant similarities between Ruymon and another character of Ossetian mythology named Sameli. The author comes to the conclusion that the similarity features revealed between Ryumon and Sameli are explained by the influence that Jewish mythology had on the formation of these images.

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