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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

HISTORY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

USE OF THE BATTLE EXPERIENCE OF WAR IN AFGHANISTAN IN MODERN COMBAT OPERATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN AIR FORCE

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The article analyses the combat experience of the USSR Air Force during the war in Afghanistan in 1979-1989, and the comparison of some methods of conducting military operations in Afghanistan and Syria is made. The aim of the study is to analyze the combat experience acquired by the Air Force and its application in modern conflicts. The special attention is paid to studying the issues of interaction and management. The conclusion about the necessity of choice of effective solutions to the revealed problems is made, which implies coordinated interaction at all levels using the analysis of combat experience.

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IMAGE OF A. A. BARANOV IN RUSSIAN HISTORICAL ROMANTIC LITERATURE

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

This article raises the question of the role of the personality of A. A. Baranov, the Chief Ruler of the Russian settlements in the north-west of America, in specific historical events related to the development of the territories of the North Pacific Ocean in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. In search of an answer, the author turns to Russian historical literature of the Romantic era. The conclusions of the scientific work indicate the special interest of the Russian writers in the personality of A. A. Baranov. With a variety of literary means, they managed to present new amazing qualities of his character, contributing to a deeper understanding of his place and significance in the history of the development of Alaska.

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MEASURES TO SUPPORT FAMILIES OF MILITARY SERVANTS IN ULYANOVSK REGION DURING GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

This paper discusses the measures aimed at supporting families of military personnel in the Ulyanovsk Region during the Great Patriotic War taken by the local authorities. The goal of this work is to analyze the state social policy concerning the families of the Red Army soldiers in the Ulyanovsk region. The comprehensive understanding of the measures taken by the state bodies aimed at helping members of the families of Red Army soldiers, as well as assessing their effectiveness is the task of this work. The authors studied measures of a social and economic nature and demonstrated the activities of the Soviet social security system and public organizations for the implementation of assistance to Red Army families. The authors make the conclusion, according to which, thanks to the regular receipt of social assistance from the state bodies, members of the military families were able to survive under difficult conditions, and the soldiers received a confidence that there was someone to take care of their family.

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SALARY AND PENSION SUPPORT OF TEACHERS OF CADET CORPS OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The article provides a meaningful analysis of reforms aimed at improving the material support of teachers of the cadet corps at the beginning of the XX century. A set of measures related to changing the rules for the remuneration of teachers is considered, an assessment of their impact on the welfare of teachers is given, and attention is paid to changing rules of pension provision of teachers of cadet corps.

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MUTUAL HELP CUSTOMS RELATED TO THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF THE CHECHENS IN THE XIX – THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The article discusses the traditional forms of social life and communication of Chechens. In the article, we intend to study group forms of social life, especially the culture of behavior, etiquette, and communication of Chechens when providing mutual help with economic activity.

In order to uncover the topic, it is necessary to solve some problems, that is, to explore the varieties and forms of the functioning of the custom of mutual help; to consider and explain the reasons for the preservation and spread of some forms of mutual help on a wider scale, others to a lesser extent; to determine the place and role of the custom of mutual help in the traditional economic life of Chechens in the 19th and 20th centuries. In addressing these issues, the article relies on field materials collected in different regions of Chechnya, Ingushetia, and the republics of the North Caucasus. To conduct historical and cultural comparisons in the article, we also used studies that examined the customs of mutual help among other peoples of the North Caucasus.

Specific field material helps us to show the degree of expression and connection between a particular type of mutual help and the economic direction of the family.

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JUDICIAL REFORM OF 1864 IN RUSSIA. GRAND SUCCESS OR A CONSISTENT MESS IN POLITICS?

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The paper offers an alternative view of the judicial reform of 1864 in Russia. The author provides a brief comparative analysis of the judicial system of the Russian Empire of the post-reform period with the previous judicial system, as well as the correlation of the reformed court with the historical experience of the largest European powers. The work explores the characteristics of judicial reform, especially important in its historical perspective.

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BONE AND HORN-TYPE DETAILS OF WEAPONS IN SAMOSDELSK SETTLEMENT

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

This paper presents a typology of bone and horn-type parts of weapons of the Samosdelsk settlement. Bone elements of weapons make up only 2% of the total number of items made of bone and horn on the monument. They represent the armament of an archer and a rider: loops and pads on the quiver, bullet-shaped arrowhead, and pommel grip lashes with a side process. The work presents a wide range of analogies to these findings. The earliest analogies are found in Sarkel. Similar objects are also widely known on the monuments of the Volga Bulgaria.

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URBAN PLANNING OF THE INDUSTRIAL CITY DURING THE INDUSTRIAL GROWTH IN THE END OF 20-30 YEARS OF THE 20th CENTURY (BASED ACCORDING TO KAZAN CITY MATERIALS)

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue September 2014 | 0 comments

The article considers the changes in the structure and layout of the city of Kazan in the end of 20-30 years of the 20th century, to build on its base large industrial center, which has a high industrial potential, improved socio-cultural sphere and favorable environmental conditions.

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HOUSE OF LORDS OF GREAT BRITAIN: FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE 21st CENTURY

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue September 2014 | 0 comments

In this article is discussed the origin of the British Parliament in the Middle Ages, the formation and the evolution of its structure. Additionally, powers of peers are analyzed; also the reform of the Upper House of the Parliament Act 1999 and the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 are characterized.

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K.A. LESHEVICH – FOUNDER OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE YAKUT REGION OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 04(94) April 2020 | 0 comments

This article is the first attempt to highlight the main milestones in the life and work of the architect of Polish origin K.A. Leshevich, the founder of urban development in Yakutsk, who made a significant contribution to the promotion of the Russian classical architecture in the north-east of the Russian Empire.

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CLOTHING OF MEMBERS OF THE WINTER EXPEDITION OF V. A. PEROVSKY TO KHIVA IN THE DESCRIPTION OF FAMOUS PARTICIPANTS OF THE CAMPAIGN

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue № 04(94) April 2020 | 0 comments

The choice of the topic of this publication is dictated by its relevance. The article discusses the clothes of the participants of the Khiva campaign V.A. Perovsky as an object of study. Particular attention is paid to descriptions made by a number of participants in the campaign, including such famous persons as V.I. Dahl and M.I. Ivanin. In the course of the study, scientific methods were used – narrative, corporate, retrospective, synchronous, based on the principles of historicism, objectivity, dialectics, consistency, comprehensiveness, reliance on sources, etc. The scientific novelty is obvious: paying attention to the geopolitical side of the campaign, scientists paid little attention to the equipment of its participants. The main conclusions were drawn – what were the shortcomings of the soldier’s clothes, who should be blamed for this, what discrepancies were in the descriptions of the authors, and why.

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SOME QUESTIONS OF STAFFING OF SOVIET POLICE TJUMEN PROVINCE

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue August 2014 | 0 comments

The article describes the staffing of the police of the Tyumen region in the years of their establishment and development (1917 – 1921). Particular attention is paid to the implementation of the class principle in the selection of law enforcement officers. Analyzed measures of the provincial leadership to address staffing problems militia.

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TO THE QUESTION OF FORMATION OF ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE OF THE HISTORICAL CITIES OF BURYATIA

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue July 2014 | 0 comments

In this article formation of architectural heritage of five historical cities and settlements of the Republic of Buryatia – Barguzin (Barguzinsk), Ulan-Ude (Verkhneudinsk), Kyakhta (Troitskosavsk), Grandmother’s (Mysovsk) and Selenginsk is considered from the moment of their basis as jails. Besides, the main objective is identification of the reason of cancellation of the special security status at four of the presented cities.

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FORMATION OF TROOPS OF ORENBURG CORPS IN EIGHTEENTH-NINETEENTH CENTURIES

Posted in 2020, HISTORY, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

The main goal of this article is to reveal the history of the development of the Separate Orenburg Corps based on archival and literary sources. The history of the development of the Separate Orenburg Corps goes back to the first half of the 18th century. After the official appearance of Russian power in the Kazakh steppes, the Russian government began to involve actively the Cossacks in achieving their goals. The construction of military lines and fortifications required the government to constantly replenish and increase the number of troops, to transfer regular units from the internal provinces of Russia, enormous funds were spent on the transfer, time was wasted. By 1740, there was a need to create such a military force that could be determined for permanent residence in the linear fortresses of the Orenburg Territory, such a force could be the Orenburg Cossack troops, which included the Separate Orenburg Corps. The Orenburg army was formed at the initiative of the Russian government for approval in the vast territory of Russian rule. In the course of the study, the author shows the role of the corps in the colonization of the territory on which the Kazakh zhuzes were located. The troops of the Separate Orenburg Corps were the subject of special concern for the Russian government, since the corps played an active role in the implementation of Russia’s aggressive foreign policy. Parts of the Separate Orenburg Corps carried summer and winter services on military lines, guarded communications, accompanied various expeditions of the Russian government to the Kazakh steppe. Based on the above material, the goals of creating a separate Orenburg corps in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were identified. The corps units located in military fortresses and fortifications were active and loyal guides of Russian colonial policy. Corps units not only captured new territories, but also performed police functions.

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OF THE WORKING CLASS IN THE BOOMING INDUSTRIAL AREAS OF WESTERN ZAKAMJA TATAR ASSR IN THE 1950S – 1960S. (COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOME AREAS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC)

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

The paper attempts to examine the role of the working class in the booming industrial areas of Western Zakamja Tatar ASSR in 1950 – 1960. (comparative analysis of some areas in the case of the Republic of Tatarstan).

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ON STUDYING MEDICINAL HERBS OF YAKUTIA

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

This paper presents the history of studying medicinal herbs in Yakutia from the 17th century up to the present time. The accumulated material on the study of medicinal plants in Yakutia can be divided into three groups: the first group – studies that contain information about plants, but of a descriptive nature; the second is special literature, which contains information about medicinal herbs of Yakutia from the point of view of natural sciences; and the third group – materials containing information about herbs in terms of ethnography. This study is of practical importance and can be used in the study of ethnography and history of Yakutia.

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REASONS OF STATE AUTHORITY CRISIS ON EXAMPLE OF KYRGYZSTAN

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

This paper considers the main reasons for the state power crisis on the example of the experience of sovereign Kyrgyzstan, which survived the overthrow of the legitimate system in March 2005. Among the main mistakes during the reign of the first president of the country, Askar Akayev, that may have influenced the overthrow of the government; the author notes such important factors as poor management and lack of foresight, loss of support for the electorate and parliament, loss of confidence in law enforcement agencies, abuse of power, lack of feedback from the electorate and a weak foreign policy strategy. In conclusion, the author notes the importance and need for a clearer definition of foreign policy, taking into account the country’s national development priorities for the stability and prosperity of the state.

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FATE OF SWEDISH GENERALS WHO TOOK PART IN THE BATTLE OF POLTAVA ON JUNE 27, 1709

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The work considers the fate of the Swedish general who took part in the Battle of Poltava on June 27, 1709, based on an analysis of Swedish archival documents, biographical directories, and an array of previously published works. Never before this aspect of Russian-Swedish relations has been comprehensively considered. For the first time, the paper presents the number of facts from the biographies of Swedish generals who fell into Russian captivity.

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THE ROLE OF THE ARDON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY IN THE SOLUTION OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH’ MISSIONARY TASKS IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The article discusses the role of one of the educational institutions of the Holy Synod, appeared in Ossetia at the end of the 19th century for realization of the Russian Orthodox Church’s missionary activities in the North Caucasus. The importance of missionary work for expanding and strengthening the political and ideological influence of the Russian Empire on the national periphery is shown, for which educational resources were actively involved. Using the example of the Ardon Theological Seminary, the significance of theological educational institutions in achieving the missionary tasks of the Russian Orthodox Church in the North Caucasus is revealed, and the results of the educational activities of the seminary, which are controversial, are analyzed as well.

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POSITION OF OSSETIAN WOMAN IN SOCIETY REGULATED BY TRADITIONAL LAW

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

This work is a historical and anthropological study of the specifics of Ossetian traditional law, in particular, its gender aspect. The legal status of women and gender asymmetry in traditional Ossetian society are shown from the end of the 18th to the beginning of the 19th century based on the analysis of the sources of customary law. The relevance of the topic is predetermined by the relevance of research on the legal culture of each nation, its transformations, and its impact on the contemporary ethnic appearance. The goal of this study is the gender aspect of the legal culture of Ossetians in the pre-reform period based on the analysis of the customary legal system. The findings of the study provide an opportunity for an in-depth study of gender in a traditional society, in particular in legal culture. The results of this study can be used in the educational process and research activities.

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