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HISTORY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

OF THE WORKING CLASS IN THE BOOMING INDUSTRIAL AREAS OF WESTERN ZAKAMJA TATAR ASSR IN THE 1950S – 1960S. (COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOME AREAS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC)

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

The paper attempts to examine the role of the working class in the booming industrial areas of Western Zakamja Tatar ASSR in 1950 – 1960. (comparative analysis of some areas in the case of the Republic of Tatarstan).

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ON STUDYING MEDICINAL HERBS OF YAKUTIA

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

This paper presents the history of studying medicinal herbs in Yakutia from the 17th century up to the present time. The accumulated material on the study of medicinal plants in Yakutia can be divided into three groups: the first group – studies that contain information about plants, but of a descriptive nature; the second is special literature, which contains information about medicinal herbs of Yakutia from the point of view of natural sciences; and the third group – materials containing information about herbs in terms of ethnography. This study is of practical importance and can be used in the study of ethnography and history of Yakutia.

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REASONS OF STATE AUTHORITY CRISIS ON EXAMPLE OF KYRGYZSTAN

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

This paper considers the main reasons for the state power crisis on the example of the experience of sovereign Kyrgyzstan, which survived the overthrow of the legitimate system in March 2005. Among the main mistakes during the reign of the first president of the country, Askar Akayev, that may have influenced the overthrow of the government; the author notes such important factors as poor management and lack of foresight, loss of support for the electorate and parliament, loss of confidence in law enforcement agencies, abuse of power, lack of feedback from the electorate and a weak foreign policy strategy. In conclusion, the author notes the importance and need for a clearer definition of foreign policy, taking into account the country’s national development priorities for the stability and prosperity of the state.

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FATE OF SWEDISH GENERALS WHO TOOK PART IN THE BATTLE OF POLTAVA ON JUNE 27, 1709

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The work considers the fate of the Swedish general who took part in the Battle of Poltava on June 27, 1709, based on an analysis of Swedish archival documents, biographical directories, and an array of previously published works. Never before this aspect of Russian-Swedish relations has been comprehensively considered. For the first time, the paper presents the number of facts from the biographies of Swedish generals who fell into Russian captivity.

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THE ROLE OF THE ARDON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY IN THE SOLUTION OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH’ MISSIONARY TASKS IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The article discusses the role of one of the educational institutions of the Holy Synod, appeared in Ossetia at the end of the 19th century for realization of the Russian Orthodox Church’s missionary activities in the North Caucasus. The importance of missionary work for expanding and strengthening the political and ideological influence of the Russian Empire on the national periphery is shown, for which educational resources were actively involved. Using the example of the Ardon Theological Seminary, the significance of theological educational institutions in achieving the missionary tasks of the Russian Orthodox Church in the North Caucasus is revealed, and the results of the educational activities of the seminary, which are controversial, are analyzed as well.

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POSITION OF OSSETIAN WOMAN IN SOCIETY REGULATED BY TRADITIONAL LAW

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

This work is a historical and anthropological study of the specifics of Ossetian traditional law, in particular, its gender aspect. The legal status of women and gender asymmetry in traditional Ossetian society are shown from the end of the 18th to the beginning of the 19th century based on the analysis of the sources of customary law. The relevance of the topic is predetermined by the relevance of research on the legal culture of each nation, its transformations, and its impact on the contemporary ethnic appearance. The goal of this study is the gender aspect of the legal culture of Ossetians in the pre-reform period based on the analysis of the customary legal system. The findings of the study provide an opportunity for an in-depth study of gender in a traditional society, in particular in legal culture. The results of this study can be used in the educational process and research activities.

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THE WOMEN’S STATE POLICY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE 1990S (USING THE MATERIALS OF THE KRASNOYARSK REGION)

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

Actuality of studying women’s state policy problems in the 1990s in Russia is determined by political, socio-economic and cultural reforms because political organization and social structure of the society have changed. This caused the changing of women role in policy, economics and family.

The aim of work is to find out the state policy impact to women’s position in the 1990s.

In the article the following methods were used: historical approach and objectivism. Theoretical and methodological basis is stratification methodology, theoretical positions of gender approach.

The results of work are analyses of the women’s state policy impact to socio-demographic situation in the Krasnoyarsk region. In the scientific usage new materials and materials of local archives were introduced.

The study of women’s position in the 1990s enables to make a conclusion that it is necessary to work out state measures to overcome the demographic crises caused by socio-economic reforms during the “Perestroyka” Period.

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ROLE OF THE WORKING CLASS IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE PARTY 1950S – AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 1960S THE EXAMPLE OF THE TATAR ASSR

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

The paper attempts to examine the role of the working class in the work of party organizations of TASSR in 1950 – at the beginning 1960s. and as a factor in improving the organization of labor and production.

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COMPETITION AS A FORM OF ORGANIZING CULTURAL ACTIVITIES OF THE KRASNOYARSK REGION POPULATION IN THE 1960-1980S

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

In the article the author deals with the socialist completion as demonstration of huge enthusiasm and creative initiative of the Krasnoyarsk region population in the 1960s. There were more than twenty shock Komsomol construction sites, which became an effective form of youth participating in the economy development.

The aim of the work is to find out in what way socialist completion influences on developing different personal features, like abilities, knowledge, erudition, skills, experience, needs, call of duty, responsibility, etc.

The methods of historical approach and objectivism are used in the article.

The results of work are to considerate problems concerning with organization of the socialist competition in the Krasnoyarsk region. New materials and some documents of local archives are introduced during the research.

The study of the socialist competition in the Krasnoyarsk region enables to make a conclusion that the socialist competition is a form of organizing cultural activities of the Krasnoyarsk region population in the 1960s.

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ABOUT THE ROLE OF OIL AND GAS COMPLEX OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN INNOVATIVE PROCESSES

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to analysis of points of view on the nature of the changes that have occurred in the economy in the beginning of the XX1 century, the role COG in these processes. The author believes that the Russian oil industry, playing a backbone and a multiplier role in the economy of the Russian Federation, in need of modernization in the first place.

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TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE CAUSES INHIBITION OF MODERNIZATION PROCESSES IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

In the article as one of the defining braking modernization processes of factors called obviously insufficient attention of the Russian government to the development of the real sector of the economy. The conclusion is justified that the substitution of active state industrial policy development and implementation of a policy of “privatization”, often wearing a criminal character, has led to a sharp decline in innovation activity, moreover, the de-industrialization of the country.

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PROBLEMS OF POSTWAR SECURITY IN EUROPE IN CONTEXT OF NEGOTIATIONS OF CHARLES DE HOLLE WITH SOVIET GOVERNMENT IN DECEMBER 1944

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 11(89) November 2019 | 0 comments

Charles de Gaulle made his first visit to the Soviet Union to conclude the Treaty on the Union and Mutual Assistance In December 1944. Since the war with Germany was close to its ending, it was obvious that the treaty was oriented toward post-war relations. During negotiations with the Soviet leadership, de Gaulle, who tended to strengthen the role of France, declared the special importance of French-Soviet relations in ensuring security in the world, and, in particular, in Europe. The cooperation of France and the USSR, according to the general, was to ensure a “balance of power” on the European continent and prevent US hegemony in Europe.

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THE IRANIAN EDUCATORS AND THEIR PROGRAM OF TRANSFORMATIONS IN PERSIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 11(89) November 2019 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the turning point in the history of Iran. European countries fought fiercely for influence in the Middle East. But Iran’s leading thinkers did not want to put up with such a fate and tried to reform the country. The article attempts to illuminate the main provisions of the idea of supporters of Iranian modernization in the second half of the XIX century. However, they did not yet have a clear idea of how to begin the modernization of state-political and socio-economic life, what should be the relationship between traditionalism and reformism. But the main goal was clear – to free ourselves from foreign dictatorship and begin the liberation struggle. The article provides a galaxy of thinkers, liberal enlighteners and religious figures who offered their options for the modernization of the country and the liberation of Iran from foreign influence. The main attention in the article is paid to the emergence of educational societies – “Adamiyyat”, “Education Society” and their active influence on the nascent national intelligentsia. In addition, the article provides an overview of various political newspapers published both in Iran itself and abroad. All this became that spark, which in the late XIX – early XX centuries prepared the great fire of the revolution.

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ON TOPONIMIC STRATIGRAPHY OF THE RYAZAN POOCHYE IN THE WORKS BY YU.YU.GORDOVA

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019 | 0 comments

Monuments of culture of pit-comb ceramics are particularly numerous in Ryazan Poochye. Their correlation with the hydronyms ending in -yezhma, -yesma is not proven. The Fatyanovo culture is represented by the locations of ceramics and axes. Due to their short stay in the region, the Fatyanovites could not influence local place names. Contrary to the opinion expressed by Yu.Yu. Gorodova, the area of Shagar culture does not coincide with the boundaries of the hydronyms area ending in -us. The correlation of the Oka toponymy with the culture of the Ryazan-Oka burial grounds is much more likely.

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PRE-PETER RUSSIA IN SOVIET FEATURE FILMS

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019 | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to identify the main features of the image creation of the pre-Peer period of the Russian history in Soviet films. The objectives of the article include determining the place of medieval themes in Soviet historical cinema and identifying the periods of the Russian Middle Ages that were most popular. The author considers the most significant Soviet historical films about the Middle Ages and characterizes the interpretation of the most popular objects of the national memory. The paper demonstrates the features of the government order and their manifestation in Soviet cinema.

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ABOUT THE PROJECT OF SARATOV TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY «FEATURES OF RECONSTRUCTION OF THE VILLAGE “UVEK”

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue March 2014 | 0 comments

In this article includes materials of the collective project «Reconstruction of the village Uvek (Saratov) with the development of recreational zone», performed at the Department of architecture SSTU in 2001. On the basis of the proposed project have been made long-term comprehensive archaeological survey (2001-2014), which helped to determine the boundaries of individual objects and to create preconditions for systematic investigation and the protection of the territory of historical and cultural monument.

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THE ROLE OF THE WORKING CLASS IN PUBLIC LIFE IN THE 1950S – IN THE EARLY 1960S. THE EXAMPLE OF THE TATAR ASSR

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue March 2014 | 0 comments

The paper attempts to examine the role of the working class in the social life of TASSR in 1950 – in the early 1960s. and as a factor in improving the organization of production and labor.

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MANAGEMENT OF THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL SPHERE OF THE REGION: HISTORICAL ASPECT

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue March 2014 | 0 comments

The object of this work is the historical aspect of the regulation of scientific and technical areas of the region. Preservation and enhancement of the scientific potential of the country and its regions involves holding one hand, the general public innovation policy and other effective regional science and technology policy as a special direction in a single management strategy NTP. At its formation is of great importance to study the historical experience in regulating the process of development of science and technology in the region.

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THE COSSACK HOSTS IN THE DIALECTICS OF DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue March 2014 | 0 comments

Review article, showing the main fragments of history of formation and development of the Cossack troops. History Cossack troops is seen as a complex, contradictory and multifaceted process involving state institutions and authorities.

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PERIODIZATION OF THE HISTORY OF MUSEOLOGY (ON EXAMPLE OF MUSEUMS OF ST. PETERSBURG-PETROGRAD-LENINGRAD)

Posted in 2014, HISTORY, Issue March 2014 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the existing schemes of periodization, proposed a new periodization of the history of museology and recommendations for its practical use.

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