Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

HISTORY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 18+

FEATURES OF SERVICES OF OFFICIALS IN YAKUTSK REGION IN THE SECOND HALF OF NINETEENTH – BEGINNING OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURIES

Posted in 2019, HISTORY, Issue №1(79) January 2019 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the officials of the Yakutsk region. The features of managing the distant suburbs of the Russian Empire are identified. The reasons for the reluctance of numerous officials to go to Yakutia are also analyzed; the main tasks of the regional administration are formulated in the paper; besides the difficulties in the management of the Yakutsk region are revealed.

The significance of the Law “On the special advantages of service in remote areas” for visitors and local officials is also analyzed. This work can be used in the study of local government.

Read More

MEMORY OF PRE-PETER RUSSIA IN SOVIET ANTIRELIGIOUS PERIODICALS (1920S – BEGINNING OF 1930S)

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The goal of this article is to reconstruct the image of pre-Peter Russia created on the pages of the Soviet anti-religious periodicals of the 1920s and the first half of the 1930s. The tasks of the research include revealing the main features of using the country’s history in anticlerical propaganda at the stage of its formation, as well as the mechanisms for constructing collective memory, studying the role of the past in the period of forced socialism construction in view of the attempts to break with the traditional culture. The authors consider the most important places of collective memory and characterize their basic interpretations from the agitators’ perspective. The paper demonstrates the main features of the state and social order aimed at combating such ideological relics of the past as religion and church. The results of the research can be used to develop practical recommendations on re-actualization of the Soviet experience for the implementation of strategies aimed at the creation of consensus memory of the national past.

Read More

ROLE OF MIGRATION IN FORMATION OF URBAN POPULATION OF KHAKASSIA (1991-2010)

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The work shows the role of migration in the formation of Khakassia urban population in the period from 1991 to 2010. The period is considered in two stages: The first is from 1991 to 2002, the second – from 2002 to 2010. Migration played a special role in the growth of urban population in 1992ß2002, when its increase was very high. In the subsequent period from 2002 to 2010, the population growth has remained high due to migration, although its rates have significantly decreased. It is shown how the formation of the urban population of the republic was influenced by the national composition of migrants.

Read More

AN ECONOMY OF “SELF-RELIANCE” AT THE TIME OF CHINESE CULTURAL REVOLUTION

Posted in 2015, HISTORY, Issue April 2015 | 0 comments

Chinese Cultural Revolution 1966-1976 has determined the course of Chinese development as a state with strong economy, although this period on Chinese history is still a very complicated object of research. Many scientists consider Chinese Cultural Revolution as horrible times for Chinese people, although it was the reason of “Chinese economic miracle”. In our article we are doing research of economic side of the Chinese Cultural Revolution.

Read More

АTTRACTION OF THE INTELLIGENTSIA IN THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF SOVIET IDEOLOGY UNDER THE TOTALITARIAN REGIME

Posted in 2015, HISTORY, Issue April 2015 | 0 comments

The article reveals the different areas and forms of poets and writers of the central black earth region to develop social and cultural symbols of Soviet epoch.

Read More

REPRESSIONS IN 1937-1938. RURAL BUILDING: MICROISTORAL ANALYSIS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF SOLTONSKY DISTRICT OF ALTAI TERRITORY)

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №2(68) February 2018 | 0 comments

The mechanism for implementing the repression function of the Great Terror, aimed at strengthening the collective farming system and manifested itself in repressions against the leaders of agricultural production, ordinary collective farmers and individual peasants is disclosed in the article, based on the application of the microhistorical approach. It is concluded that the repressive measures were aimed primarily at increasing the efficiency of the fulfillment by the agricultural artels of planned tasks for the delivery of the produced products to the state.

Read More

UNDERSTANDING OF ETHNOS NATURE BY TEACHERS FROM NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN KOREAS

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

This work is devoted to the problem of understanding the nature of the ethnos in the Republic of Korea and the DPRK. In fact, there was no theory of ethnos in Korea until the end of 20th century, and the scientists of these two countries used the theoretical knowledge of their foreign colleagues. In addition, the term itself, used as the Korean equivalent of the concept of “ethnos”, was borrowed from the Japanese language and has a number of shortcomings. The scientists have begun to develop their own theories of ethnos, resulting in the formation of the own theoretical basis for studying the ethnic history of Korea since the 1980s in South Korea, and since the 1990s in the North Korea. The historical community did not accept the proposed concepts in South Korea, they continue to use the familiar tools borrowed from American and Japanese counterparts. As for the DPRK, the Juche idea of the nation created by the North Korean scientists is intended to become not only a theoretical justification for the emerging new concept of the ethnogenesis of Koreans (since the 1980s), it also claims to remove all existing world contradictions associated with various approaches to understanding the nature of the ethnos and the nation. It is based on creative reworking of the Marxist theory of the nation.

Read More

EVERYDAY LIFE OF NOMADS OF SOVIET YAKUTIA IN ORAL HISTORY AND LOCAL PRESS IN 1970—1980

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

This article continues the topic of search and use of regional and local sources on the history of the Soviet everyday life of the North and the Arctic regions. A study of the living conditions of hunters and reindeer herders of Yakutia was made in the 1970s and 1980s on the basis of field materials and regional periodicals. The identified sources, first introduced into scientific medium, have an information potential complementing the picture of rural social realities of late socialism in the Far North. The undertaken analysis of rural everyday life is particularly interesting in the chronological aspect, characterized as the final stage of the Soviet sedentarization of the nomads of the North. The article uses the results of the research project “Social and economic and ethnical and cultural processes in the Asian Arctic of the XX-XXI centuries: the experience of scientific study, adaptation and interaction of social communities”, as well as the RFRF (RFBR) project No. 17-11-14003 a (p).

Read More

TEXTS OF CONSTITUTIONS AS SOURCE OF STUDY OF STATEHOOD ESTABLISHMENT (ON EXAMPLES OF CONSTITUTIONS OF UNPRECOGNIZED STATES AND REPUBLICS WITH LIMITED RECOGNITION)

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The paper describes the formation process of newly formed states in the context of the development of their constitutional models. The process of establishing, adopting and implementing the provisions of the constitutions is considered as the integral part of the development of the new statehood of these regions. unrecognized republics and republics with limited recognition in the post-Soviet space have developed constitutionalism and have a rich history of constitutional law, which is a reflection of the historical processes of gaining independence and fighting for it.

Read More

UNOFFICIAL “ROAD MAP” PLAN AS EFFECTIVE METHOD OF NORMALIZATION OF RELATIONS BETWEEN SRV AND USA

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The struggle between China and the United States of America for domination in Southeast Asia in recent years is gaining momentum. The parties are not only spreading their naval forces in the region, but are also trying to spread their political and economic influence to one or another country of Southeast Asia. Washington is pursuing an active policy to develop and deepen bilateral relations not only with traditional partners, but also with new ones, and SRV is one of those. These actions are aimed at creating barriers against the expansion of Beijing in a region where Vietnam has one of the key positions. The author analyzes the process of normalization of bilateral relations between Vietnam and the United States at the end of the 20th century on the basis of the unofficial Road map. The prerequisites for the restoration of relations, the phased implementation of the Road Map plan, as well as the dynamics of relations between the two countries after the establishment of diplomatic relations are considered in detail.

Read More

ROLE OF PRESS OF SMALL PEOPLES IN PUBLIC OPINION FORMING

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The paper describes the role of a press of small peoples of Dagestan in the system of regional mass media. The history of origin and the main milestones of development of Tabasaran and Rutul periodicals are analyzed. The main attention in the article is given to the genre palette, the problems of the speeches of these newspapers, the influence of the external environment on a content and on a model of publications in the years of formation. The methods of empirical research (observation, measurement), theoretical research (a logical method involving analysis and synthesis methods) and methods of classification and typology are applied in the article, implying the separation of general and special, which ensured the classification of types of printed publications.

Read More

CHURCH-STATE RELATIONS IN HISTORY OF SWITZERLAND: MAIN PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The article presents the analysis of the main problems of the development of church-state relations in the context of the history of Switzerland. The pre-Reformation period, the Reformation period, the period of the XIX century, were the stages of development of church-state relations for the country. The religious schism of the XVI century. (Catholics – reformers), and the ideological confrontation of the XIX century (conservative liberals) almost led to schism of Switzerland, but the settlement of church-state relations has become one of the mechanisms for preserving the integrity of the country. Despite the fact that the domestic historical science has only few works on Swiss history, an attempt at a holistic comprehension of this problem is being made for the first time. The relevance of the topic is conditioned both by the preservation (and even strengthening) of the role of religion in modern society, and by the fact that the historical experience of Switzerland shows the possibility of preserving political unity under the conditions of the multi-confessional society.

Read More

THE LOOK OF FOREIGN HISTORIANS ON RUSSIA’S FOREIGN POLICY OF THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY IN THE CONTEXT OF RUSSIAN-AMERICAN RELATIONS

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The relationship between Russia and the United States is of direct scientific and practical interest. The history of diplomatic and military contacts has more than three centuries. During this time, they changed from friendship to confrontation, from sympathy to neutrality. Therefore, in this work we decided to dwell on the opinions of foreign historians, and in particular representatives of the United States, who devoted their research to the relationship between Russia and the US and their policies in the Far East at the beginning of the twentieth century. This work is a historiographic review of the chosen problem.

Read More

POLICE STRUGGLE AGAINST BOOTLEGGING IN CHUVASH ASSR IN 1970S

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The purpose of this paper is to study the extent of bootlegging in the 1970s on the territory of the Chuvash Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic by considering archival data and their analysis, as well as the effectiveness of eradicating this phenomenon, directly related to the increase in crimes, not only in the Chuvash Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, but also in the entire country.

The paper uses the archival materials of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the State Archives of the Chuvash Republic, which were not published earlier. The examples of the struggle of the Chuvash police against bootlegging and alcoholism are given.

This work is topical because of the choice of the model of interaction between the state and civil society institutions in solving the problem of alcoholism and bootlegging at the present time.

The studied materials can be used in the practical activities of the police.

Read More

PREREQUISITES FOR APPEARING AND DECLINE OF DUTCH EAST INDIA COMPANY

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The paper considers the prerequisites and nature of appearing of the Dutch East India Company. A consideration of this issue is relevant, since it gives an idea of the specifics of the formation of monopolies in capitalist states and the specifics of monopolistic competition in the 17th century. By establishing themselves on the Indonesian islands and monopolizing trading with these islands, the company was able to provide the conditions, under which Holland was considered as a country, rich in free capital. It was the engine of progress and the instrument of initial accumulation. Its decline is a reflection of the outcome of monopolistic competition with the countries gaining strength by developing industrial potential.

Read More

PRODUCTION OF ARTILLERY TUBES FOR TANKS AND SPGs DURING PERIOD OF GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The author considered the plot of the development and production of weapons for equipping tanks and self-propelled artillery systems by the Soviet design weapon development laboratories during the Great Patriotic War. The table data including information and comparative characteristics of tools is given, the work of design weapon development laboratories that have made the greatest contribution to the development and introduction of the best models of military equipment in gross production is considered. A special attention in the article is paid to such outstanding designers of artillery weapons as Vasily Gavrilovich Grabin and Fedor Fedorovich Petrov.

Read More

CONTINUITY AND INTERDISCIPLINARY CONNECTION IN DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCES

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

This article is concerned with the history of the development of natural science from the earliest times. A brief description of the science formation in the form of natural philosophy in ancient time and in the Middle Ages is given. The changes of the development character from the Renaissance era are described and the scientific revolutions are mentioned as well. The continuity, interrelations and integration processes in the development of natural science are highlighted. The recent ones are linked by the incipience of a symbiosis of new through the lens of of two or three different sciences (astrophysics, geophysics, physical chemistry, biogeochemistry, etc.) and multidisciplinary research areas that cover almost all fields of science. The attention is focused on the complex scientific direction called “synergetics”, which started to form in the 1970s.

Read More

LOCAL CULTURAL LANDSCAPES OF THE AMGINSKY ULUS

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

This article presents the results of a study conducted within the framework of the project II.2P / XII.186-2 “Historical memory in the multicultural space of Yakutia: the formation and transformation of the Arctic identity” with the support of the FSI Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Based on the analysis of cultural landscapes of the Amginsky district of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), seven local cultural and landscape areas were first identified and their characteristics are given. It is established that, despite the existing differences in each local cultural and landscape area, due to ethnic identity and historical memory, uniting the indicator of the population living in the Amginsky district, a unified regional identity as Amgins appears.

Read More

MONRO DOCTRINE: CONTENT AND FORMATION OF PRINCIPLES

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The subject of this article is the main substantive principles of the Monroe Doctrine – the largest foreign policy document of the United States in the nineteenth century. The analysis of the foreign policy situation in the second half of 1823 is conducted, and the authorship of the “Principles of 1823 year” is considered. Particular attention is paid to the English-American negotiations in the summer and autumn of this year, which served as an impetus to the emergence of the Monroe Doctrine. The analysis of the three main principles of this document: the principle of non-colonization, the principle of mutual non-interference of the states of Europe and America and the idea of “non-transgression” is conducted.

Read More

RANKS CLASSES ON TABLES OF RANKS IN PRISON DEPARTMENT OF RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the peculiarities of assigning the class ranks “Table of Ranks” to officials of the prison department of the Russian Empire. In order to analyze this problem we used various historical sources. During the XIX century, there was a gradual increase in class ranks among the persons who headed the prisons. Class ranks were introduced for prison doctors and manciples, as well as employees of provincial prison inspections, which were formed at the end of the XIX century. The assignment of the first class rank depended on the level of education, the held position and the length of service. There was the possibility of obtaining a class rank of one rank higher than that of the position.

Read More