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GEOGRAPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

ECOLOGICAL CONDITION OF GREEN PLANTS GENERAL USE (ZNOP) CENTRAL AND AREAS IN VORONEZH KOMINTERNOVSKOE

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

The article considers the ecological condition of green spaces and common areas of the Central Kominternovskyi district of Voronezh city. The dynamics of the green areas. Species diversity of woody plants. Conducted fitotesting urban soils.

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THE STUDY OF THE ADVERSE CHANGES OF THE UNDERLYING SURFACE IN THE DRAINAGE AREA OF THE LAKE BAIKAL

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue January 2014, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

The results of the study of the negative changes of land cover within in the bound of the Lake Baikal drainage area using AVHRR data are presented in this paper.

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EVOLUTION OF SCIENTIFIC VIEWS ON THE ROLE OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SOCIETY

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue January 2014, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

The present article is concerned with the evolution of scientific views on the role of the geographical factor. Scientific views on the role of the geographical factor. Scientific views on the role of the geographical factor in the formation of a society and social production from antiquity till present are explores modern tendencies in the assessment of the geographical factor in the development of a society are examined.

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CRITERIA FOR TERRITORY ALLOCATION AS AGGLOMERATION

Posted in 2018, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №10(76) October 2018 | 0 comments

The importance of large cities is constantly increasing nowadays, which is confirmed by the trends of the territories’ spatial development. Cities act as centers of attraction for nearby settlements, and together they form a single system called an agglomeration. In this connection, the following article considers theoretical aspects of the agglomeration formation and development. The spatial structure of agglomeration is analyzed. Based on the judgments of well-known experts and existing methods for determining the boundaries of agglomerations, key criteria are proposed. With their help, it is possible to allocate the territory as an agglomeration.

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STRUCTURE OF SOIL AND VEGETATION COVER OF TYPICAL TUNDRA OF THE TAZOVSKY PENINSULA

Posted in 2018, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №8(74) August 2018 | 0 comments

The article compares southern boundaries of the typical (middle) zone of the Subarctic tundra performed by different authors on the Tazovsky Peninsula. The structure of soil and vegetation cover complexes of the middle tundra is characterized. It is established that the southern boundary of typical tundra proposed by V.B. Sochava with account to the nature of the vegetation cover is the southern natural boundary of the clay soil-forming material. A large-scale map of the soil and vegetation cover of a model area between the rivers of Aneryakha and Ngarka-Lymbarysi compiled on the basis of authorial field materials and decoding aerial photography is presented.

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PROTECTIVE EJECTA BLANKETS OF THE WEST OF PSKOV REGION AS TOURIST OBJECTS

Posted in 2018, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №7(73) July 2018 | 0 comments

The issues concerning the possibility of organization of tourist excursions to the famous geographical places of the western part of the Pskov region, connected with the history of the formation of fortified ejecta blankets, are considered in the paper. Information on the fortresses of Opochka, Krasnogorodsk, and Velya is given. The role of such excursions for residents and guests of the Pskov region is shown in detail. One or two-day bus excursion trips can be interesting and useful not only for Russian but also for foreign tourists.

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DEVELOPMENT OF GIS STRUCTURE ON EXAMPLE OF SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL TERRITORY OF LOCAL VALUE “DYNAMO PARK” IN KHABAROVSK

Posted in 2018, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №3(69) March 2018 | 0 comments

City parks as specially protected natural areas have great ecological, nature protection, recreational and educational significance. In the article, methodical approaches to the creation of the geoinformation system (GIS) are considered on the example of a specially protected natural area of local significance “Park Dynamo” in Khabarovsk. The structure of GIS is developed, which is presented in the form of a system of modules: administrative-economic, scientific, recreational, educational and commercial. The substantive part of each module is formed by experts in the subject area under consideration and is adapted for different groups of users. Practical application of the research results: improving the planning of urban areas, taking into account the ecological component, municipal management.

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DAILY DYNAMICS OF METHANE CONCENTRATIONS IN TAIL WATER OF RIVER DON AND TAGANROG BAY

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The authors analyzed the observational data of the daily dynamics of methane in tail water of the river Don and Taganrog Bay of the Azov Sea. The greatest variability of the daily dynamics of methane was observed in the coastal zone, as well as in areas of active mixture of river and sea water. The maximum gas concentrations are fixed in the river estuary and re-estuary part of the Don River in windless sunny weather, in the afternoon time during the period of the maximum warming up of water, and the minimum values are recorded at night period. Any regularity, caused by the instability of the hydrodynamic mode of the Azov Sea, in the daily dynamics of methane in the Taganrog Baywere were not observed.

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CARTOGRAPHY OF PUBLIC HEALTH PHARMACY ORGANIZATIONS ASSURANCE IN LENIN DISTRICT OF SARANSK CITY

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The estimation of the population’s supply of pharmacy organizations and polyclinics in the Lenin district of the Saransk city was made, differences in the distribution of pharmacy organizations were revealed. The demographic characteristics of the population that initially determine the infrastructure of the pharmaceutical market (the number and specialization of pharmacy organizations) are of primary importance for assessing the accessibility of pharmaceutical assistance. In turn, the population density is an indicator that characterizes the number of potential buyers. As a result of the conducted studies, evaluation maps were constructed that characterize the population’s supply of pharmacy organizations in the Lenin district of the Saransk city. The results of the conducted studies, namely the created maps, can be applied by the municipal government when assessing the state of the social infrastructure of the city.

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CONNECTED CYCLES OF METHANE AND HYDROGEN SULFIDE IN THERAPEUTIC MUDS OF THE WATERS OF THE AZOV AND CASPIAN SEAS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The paper discusses the results of a long-term research of therapeutic mud (peloids) of mineral type in basins of Azov and Caspian Seas, represented in three classes: Sulfide silt, sopka volcanic and sopka lake (pseudo-volcanic) mud. Comparative analysis of the concentrations of methane, total hydrogen sulphide (ΣH2S) and other hydro-chemical indicators in basins of various types was carried out. Processes, factors and mechanisms of connected methano-genesis and sulfide formation and their features in water basins with different hydro-chemical conditions and anthropogenic pressure are considered. It is established that the cycle of methano-genesis and sulfide formation is influenced by a wide range of natural and anthropogenic factors and processes, where lithological composition plays an important role.

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TRANSFORMATION OF ATLANTIC WATER MASSES IN THE BARENTS, KARA AND LAPTEV SEA BY OBSERVATION DATA IN SEPTEMBER 2014 YEAR

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The issue of Atlantic water masses transformation in the Barents, Kara and Laptev seas is considered. The results of oceanographic observations conducted in September 2014 performed during the voyage of the “Admiral Vladimirsky” during the Northern Sea Route are provided. It is shown that earlier performed modifications of the Atlantic water masses – the Barents Sea, Fram and shelf, undergoing minor changes, are clearly traced in shelf sections and slope zones of the Arctic seas and are the main components of the thermohaline structure of the Arctic basin.

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REGIONAL TOURIST CLUSTERS AS A TOURISM AND RECREATION SYSTEMS OF A NEW TYPE ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TRC “PODLEMORYE”)

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the methodical approaches to the concept formation of regional local tourism and recreation system. The author found that tourism and recreation systems of a new type in the form of regional tourist clusters emerged at the present stage of development of recreational nature management. Several new similar tourism and recreation systems can be distinguished on the territory of the Republic of Buryatia, One of the most successful projects is the tourism and recreational cluster “Podlemorye”, which was analyzed in the study to find the features of formation and development of such systems. This complex shows the effectiveness of public-private partnership. However, the implementation of such projects helped to identify legislative, regulatory, environmental and other problems, requiring urgent solutions.

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LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL ZONING OF MORDOVIA

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the actual problem of solving the task of rational use of soil and land resources. The principles of solving the following problems with the use of a regional GIS are described in details: the creation of a cartographic basis and databases of regional GIS, synthetic landscape mapping based on the interpretation of multi-zonal space images, identification and typological classification of agrogeosystems, landscape-ecological zoning of agricultural lands, development of a system of nature protection measures.

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DYNAMICS OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL AND THE CENTERS OF SETTLEMENT IN THE EASTERN SIBERIA REGIONS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers processes in the settlement system of Eastern Siberia at the intra-regional level. The unevenness in the dynamics of the demographic potential, the settlement processes and the development of the territory along the “center-periphery” line is shown based on the statistical material developed by state statistics bodies in the context of municipalities and analysis of results. There is a concentration of population in favor of the center, which reduces the development potential of other districts and cities far from the administrative center of the region.

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SYNTHETIC LANDSCAPE MAPPING IN THE REGIONAL GIS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper proposes an approach to the development of regional GIS, a central element of which is an electronic landscape map. The role of remote sensing data analysis using automated classification techniques is underlined. The following developed landscape indicators methodologies are mentioned: an analysis of the invariant and dynamic parameters of the neighborhood, the study of morphometric parameters, as the most important invariant characteristics of the territory, edge detection of geophysical areas, evaluation of geophysical diversity of the territory by the entropy and the characteristics of the brightness changes calculation, the classification of geophysical shell using neighborhood parameters. Features of ensemble systems usage for monitoring the condition of land and predicting natural natural hazards are described in details.

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GEOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRANSFORMATION OF SOILS IN TIME

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Geochemical features of chronological series of forest-steppe soils in the conditions of their natural reproduction under the influence of the zonal vegetation types were investigated. A new way of integrated assessment of the biogeochemical transformation of a number of black earth soil in time for the most informative list of macronutrients and trace elements that are accumulated or taken out of the soil solutions of humus horizons has been proposed in the article. Priority list of five trace elements that may be included in the monitored parameters in the system soil-ecological monitoring of agricultural land was presented. It is shown that on agricultural land requires periodic diagnosis of trace elements deficiency and its correction with micronutrients that can compensate for the loss of the fastest spent trace elements.

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CHANGES THE MODE SURFACE RUNOFF IN THE WESTERN PREDKAMYA OF THE TATARSTAN REPUBLIC

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a scientific research in the river basins of the West Predkamja of Tatarstan Republic. In a study conducted an analysis of physical and geographical conditions of the area. It was determined that there is an active transformation of the hydrographic network, an increase in water content and the proportion of underground water. It has been confirmed that the geomorphologic land base is a leading factor in the formation, movement and unloading processes of intensification of underground and surface water. But and the human activity is no less important. So the creation of Europe’s largest reservoir has caused the restructuring of geomorphologic layer of the earth and led to a change in underground water levels within the new huge pool Kuibyshev reservoir. At first, it changes the structure of the rivers flowing into the reservoir. The style of development of the territorial space also plays a major role in the changes of the stream flow formation. City apartments and settlements increase in size. In the town planning prevalent targeted approach to the design populated areas, where the natural landscape is seen as a resource for urban development. The agriculture is another important aspect of the territorial transformation. In the future, research will concern the issues of quantitative increase in water intake from underground sources in densely populated areas of the territory of the Tatarstan Republic, which presumably have a significant impact on the process of runoff reforming.

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SIMILARITY OF THE RESOURCE CYCLES OF THE KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT AND WESTERN SIBERIA REGIONS

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Given the application of the theory of resource cycles, developed by I. V. Komar (1975), for the territory of Western Siberia. Using statistical methods, we study the similarities and differences of the structure of aggregate resource cycles Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district – Yugra and other regions of Western Siberia. Established that the greatest similarity of the structure of this region from Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district, the smallest – with the Omsk region. The results showed that the proposed technique is quite efficient.

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN THE ARCTIC

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

Throughout many centuries the attention of researchers was drawn by the northern snow region. Now not only representatives of science, but also ordinary travelers and tourists go to the North Pole. Today tourism in the Arctic – one of violently developing directions in the last several years. An increasing number of residents of the different countries seek to spend the vacation going to exotic tours. The countries, that have the sector of the Arctic in a varying degree develop this direction.

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THE CONCEPT OF ECOLOGICAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TSEY GORGE OF THE NORTH OSSETIA REPUBLIC

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Monitoring recreationally used areas within Tsey tourist-excursional complex allowed us to point out the main problem causing gradual loss of aestetic attractiveness of this natural territory: unplanned and initially spontaneous development and construction. Because of this spontaneity forests were on 4-5th stages of recreational digression already by 1980s. Therefore we suggest a Project of “circular” ecological path for unlimited visiting going along the periphery of the main developed area of the Tsey tourist-excursional complex. This path will go through beaach forest and will skirt main recreational objects. It will lessen recreational digression of the forest and create a general walking rest zone. A scheme of the ecelogical path is suggested which can be coordinated in agreement with all land-users.

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