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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

GEOGRAPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

INFLUENCE OF THE SETTLEMENT STRUCTURE OF A REGION ON MIGRATION PROCESSES

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The purpose of this research is to find the dependence of the migration increase/decrease of the population on the configuration of the settlement structure of a region. The author of the study presents a methodology for analyzing statistical data that allows for finding this relationship. The study determines the correlation between the share of residents of different types of cities in the population of the region and the migration situation. A reasonable assumption is made about the influence of the degree of complexity of the settlement structure of the region (primarily urban) on the migration growth/decline of the population. The materials featured in the article can be useful to a wide range of researchers specializing in the analysis and forecasting of migration processes and the development of regional development programs.

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INFORMATION E-PRODUCTS TO SUPPORT RESEARCH IN NORTHERN AND ARCTIC REGIONS

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №5 (107) May 2021 | 0 comments

The article describes informational electronic resources generated by the largest library of Asian Russia – the State Public Scientific Technological Library of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SPSTL SB RAS) for informational support of regional scientific research. It presents the information on the bibliographic database “Scientific Siberia”, which includes materials on a wide range of studies over a thirty-year period, as well as on the full-text database “Scientific events of the Russian Academy of Sciences”, which are freely available on the library’s website, and are a reliable information basis for scientific and scientific educational projects related to the development of the Arctic and the Far North.

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A CLASSIFICATION OF OIL AND GAS-BEARING TERRITORIES AND A QUALITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RUSSIAN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №5 (107) May 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the qualitative assessment of the state of the oil and gas industry of the Russian Federation in the context of administrative units. The research demonstrates that the information provided by different sources differs due to the difference in the utilized calculation methods, while the lack of detailed regional reports from foreign agencies emphasizes the novelty of the study. The study uses the projection of administrative borders on the territories of geological oil and gas zoning. To determine the degree of dependence of regional economies on the oil and gas industry, current data on the state of the mineral resource base in the subjects of the Russian Federation were compared with the geography of the location of processing enterprises. On the basis of the obtained materials, the study carries out a classification of oil and gas-bearing territories.

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METHOD FOR DETERMINING EVAPORATION FROM THE LAND SURFACE IN THE FOREST, FOREST-STEPPE AND STEPPE ZONES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION DURING THE MONTHS OF THE WARM SEASON

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

A method for calculating evaporation from the land surface during the months of the warm season is proposed. The calculation formula is the product of the evaporation rate and the soil moisture function, which contains information about precipitation for the calculation period and about the soil moisture that can evaporate at the beginning of this period. Evaporation is defined as a function of the lack of humidity in the air. It is established that the evaporation for a month should not be calculated immediately by the monthly determining values, it is better to calculate its decadal values according to the proposed method, add them up and determine the evaporation for a month. The second way significantly reduces the error in determining the monthly evaporation. The results of the calculation were compared with the evaporation determined by the method of soil evaporators. It was found that the average relative error in determining evaporation by the proposed method for a month is about 20%, and for the warm period of the year-about 10%. These estimates seem to make it possible to recognize the proposed method as suitable for practical use.

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THE PREREQUISITES AND STAGES OF THE DACHA SUBURBANIZATION IN THE TAMBOV REGION

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the process of formation of the dacha suburbanization in the suburban area of the city of Tambov (Pritambovie). The study defines the prerequisites and stages of the dacha suburbanization of the Pritambovye region and describes the process of its evolution and functional transformation. The article provides the definition of the concept of “dacha” as well as indicates the methods of geographical research of the dacha phenomenon. The article describes the similarities and differences in the development of the Pritambovie dacha suburbanization in comparison with the trends across the Russian Federation. The types of the dacha management are also defined. The study conducts an analysis of the spatial organization of dachas in Tambov in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods of the development of the phenomenon while also providing characteristics of the economic and geographical position of the dachas and identifying the problems of dacha expansion and the directions of further development of this process.

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ASSESSMENT OF THE SITUATION IN THE GALICIA-SLOBOZHANSCHINA ECOLOGICAL CORRIDOR IN THE RIVER BASIN MERLOT RELATIVELY FRAGMENTED TERRITORY

Posted in 2013, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2013 | 0 comments

The article discussed the situation of the Galician-Slobozhansky ecological corridor of national ecological network of Ukraine in the basin Merla. Research is focused on the identification of objects and fragmenting ecocorridors assessing the overall fragmentation pool Merlot. Through the use of GIS analysis identified areas ecocorridors problem areas in which hindered the movement of animals.

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PRINCIPLES OF UNITY AND SYSTEMIC VIEWS DEVELOPMENT ABOUT THE EARTH

Posted in 2013, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2013 | 0 comments

One of the principles of the surrounding world organization – the principle of unity is consided. The analysis of the scientific views evolution on the systematic unity of the world both terrestrial and universal is given. The role and the influence of the concept of the geographical shell and the concept of biosphere on the formation of the systemic views on the Earth are estimated. The new concept of the systematic earth organization – the concept of the terrestrial planetary system is proposed.

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TOURISM AS A FACTOR OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND ADVANCEMENT IN INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE IN SAKHALIN REGION

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №3 (105) March 2021 | 0 comments

Modern society today is a field of intercultural interaction, and tourism, reaching a global scale, began to affect significantly the sociocultural foundations of the entire life of society in the context of interaction between representatives of different countries and nations. This process is typical for the Sakhalin Region, historically developed as a territory populated by people of different nationalities and geographically located in the most dynamically developing region of the world. Today, one of the priorities of the economic development of the Sakhalin region is the tourism industry. The main goal in the field of tourism is the creation of a modern and competitive tourist complex that provides opportunities to meet the needs of tourists in a variety of tourist services, as well as the development of economic and legal mechanisms for the development and implementation of measures to ensure the quality of tourist products of the Sakhalin region. Tourism makes a significant contribution to ensuring sustainable socio-economic development and social stability, and also contributes to self-employment of the population. Intercultural communication in this aspect is the semantic and ideally content side of cultural interaction.

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ANTHROPOLOGICAL CRISIS: IS THREAT REAL

Posted in 2013, GEOGRAPHY, Issue 12(19) December 2013 | 0 comments

There are considers the demonstration of the present – day ecological crisis in the natural environment and society. The deepening process of deantropologization goes in society, i.e. losses by the man of the physical and psychical essence. By the culprit of modern ecological and anthropological crises there is a man. His universal power (intellectual, technical, production) becomes the instrument of his self-destruction simultaneously (autoecosuiside).

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FAUNAL-GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MAMMALS IN THE EASTERN SAYAN MOUNTAINS

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

Identifying the patterns of historical processes of formation of the theriofauna of the Eastern Sayan mountains requires detailed knowledge of the dispersion processes of its constituent species. The accumulated data on the distribution and ecology of mammals allows to pin down the peculiarities of mixing the geographical and genetic elements of this territory. According to the conducted faunal-genetic analysis, the study has identified 17 types of faunulae, where the number of species varies from 1 to 12. The high diversity of the mammals of the highlands is associated with its geographical location as well as the variety of natural conditions and the duration of the processes of its population by mammals. Located at the junction of the steppe and taiga zones, the Eastern Sayan mountains are an important zoogeographic barrier of southern Siberia. For this reason, many species in this area are located on the periphery of their ranges and their numbers are quite low.

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THE ROLE OF SALINITY AND ION COMPOSITION OF WATER IN THE FORMATION OF METHANE CONCENTRATIONS IN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS

Posted in 2021, GEOGRAPHY, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

The present study examines the influence of ion composition and salinity of water on the formation of methane concentrations in water bodies. The research demonstrates that the influence of these factors on methane concentrations is not definitive. The main factors are the intensity of production and destruction processes that control the content of organic matter and redox conditions as well as the hydrological and morphometric parameters of water bodies that determine the distribution of lithological types of bottom deposits. The presence of a large number of salts, including sulfates in highly mineralized water bodies with increased concentrations of labile organic matter in their water column and mud deposits, does not prevent the simultaneous active flow of methanogenesis and sulfate reduction process due to reduced competition for nutrient substrates between sulfate-reducing microorganisms and methanogens.

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ESTIMATION OF THE TOTAL VOLUME, EMISSIONS AND OXIDATION OF METHANE IN THE WATER AND BOTTOM SEDIMENTS OF THE BLACK SEA

Posted in 2020, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The study estimates: the total methane volume in the aerobic and anaerobic water columns and the upper horizons (up to 1 meter) of bottom sediments of the Black Sea; methane emissions on sediment–water and water atmosphere interface; the volume of the oxidation of methane in the water column and bottom sediments. The amount of methane dissolved simultaneously in the entire volume of the Black Sea water equals ~81.7 trillion m3, of which 94.4% is in the deep-water mass (deeper than 500 m). The total volume of methane contained in the upper 0-10 cm and 0-100 cm columns of bottom sediments of the Black Sea amounts to 6.3 and 243.5 million m3, respectively, or 0.008% and 0.30% of the total amount of methane dissolved in the entire volume of water in the Black Sea. The amount of methane oxidized during the day in the upper 0-10 cm and 0-100 cm columns of the black sea sediments equals 0.162 and 8.377 million m3, respectively. Methane emissions from the Black Sea sediments equal 2914.2 million m3 per day, which is 6.1 times more than it is released into the atmosphere from its water column (0.479 million m3 per day). Methane emission from the water surface to the atmosphere is only 0.004% of its amount, which is oxidized during the day in the entire water column of the Black Sea (13.3 trillion tons m3 per day). At the same time, the contribution of anaerobic deep water mass (deeper than 500 m) to the volume of methane oxidized during the day in the Black Sea water amounts to 97.5%.

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FORMATION ASPECTS OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF WATER IN RIVERS AND STREAMS OF THE KABARDINO-BALKARIAN HIGH-MOUNTAIN RESERVE

Posted in 2020, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents data on determining the physical and chemical parameters of water in rivers and streams of the Kabardino-Balkarian high-mountain reserve. According to the changes in conductivity, turbidity and mineralization of water in rivers and streams of the Cherek Balkar, Cherek Bezengiysky and Chegem river basins, the study identifies genetic types of water: glacial water, meltwater, ground waters and mixed waters. Different types of water sources affect the rivers’ salt composition and, consequently, mineralization, revealing the features of the formation of the chemical composition of water in rivers and streams. When the water is flowing mainly from meltwater and glaciers, the salinity is minimal. The mineralization is increased in the case of groundwater inflow. The authors observe that throughout the studied area the rivers tend to increase the share of groundwater inflow and salinity as well as transition to a mixed type of inflow downstream during the summer flood. During winter, when the water levels are low, the rivers switch to groundwater inflow, as a result, there is a seasonal change in water salinity. The salinity of water during the winter period of low water levels increases by 1.5-2 times compared to the salinity values during the high water period in summer. The data obtained can contribute to a better understanding of the hydrochemical characteristics of rivers in the region.

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MENTAL MAPPING OF URBAN SYSTEMS

Posted in 2020, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 11(101) November 2020 | 0 comments

The increase in the social significance of cities makes it necessary to expand the tool set for their research. The author suggests the concept of mental maps and approaches to their classification. The research explores the use of this method in the study of an urban system. Based on the data obtained from a sociological survey, the author compiled mental maps that reflected the algorithm for studying the urban system, the perception of the image of its territory, and the attitude to the level of development. The study provides the description of the city, its territorial organization, and the problems and prospects of its development.

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TOURISM IN THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article deals with the natural wealth of the Republic of Bashkortostan, the possibility and necessity of development of tourism in Bashkortostan, the problem of lack of development of tourism.

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GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH IN THE WORKS F. A. MAKSYUTOVA

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article describes the geographical studies F.A. Maksyutov – geographer of the second half of the twentieth century .

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CARTOGRAPHICAL MODEL OF A SURFACE WATER OF THE NIZHNEVARTOVSK REGION OF KHMAO-YUGRA

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

In this article it is considered – introduction of the GIS modern methods for association of materials about the surface water of the Nizhnevartovsk region of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra which is on different data carriers, having united in uniform cartographical model that allows to carry out monitoring, the analysis and the forecast, and so to use it for the solution of any geographical and ecological tasks.

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOLAR ENERGY IN THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The article describes the positive and negative aspects of using solar power plants around the world and the Republic of Bashkortostan in particular.

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MULTILEVEL ORGANIZATION OF CLIMOMORPHOGENESIS OF FAR EAST

Posted in 2020, GEOGRAPHY, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

The study of the nature of relief formation and the nature of relief as a whole goes at the planetary, regional, and local (topological) levels.

The goal of this study is to trace the specifics of the multilevel organization of geomorphological systems of the Far East against the background of contrasting and extremely contradictory natural and climatic conditions with a manifestation of continentality and oceanicity.

Materials – the paper presents data from long-term geomorphological and geoecological studies of the author in Chukotka and Wrangel Island (1957-1959, 1971-1972), in Kolyma and Priokhotye (1971-1972, 1974-1975) river basins, in the lowlands (1974-1979) and in the mountains (2007-2011) in the south of the Far East (in the Khabarovsk Krai and Primorye), as well as available literary and stock sources.

Methods – comparative geographic, geophysical, informational.

Results and discussion. The author studied the physicochemical and energetic nature of relief formation, the organization of relief-forming substrates, and the nature of the relief at three material energy levels (in relation to the territory of the Russian Far East).

The features of the organization (structure and functioning) of geosystems within the Russian Far East are predetermined by a special geographical position, a peculiar climate, as well as its very high variability in space and time.

Under natural conditions, against the background of hydrothermal fluctuations, the energy intensity of CMOs is constantly increasing and, obeying the laws of geographical zonality, maintains a fairly high level of climomorphogenesis, the spectrum of which includes energy-intensive processes with their inherent zonal and azonal, as well as local features dominate.

In anthropogenic environments (due to deforestation, plowing, etc.), the redistribution of matter and energy is catastrophically reduced, which reduces the overall energy intensity within the CFGO, and, therefore, CMO. True, in some areas, in particular, avalanche-like amplification is relatively energy-intensive and, therefore most significant for the rapid physical transformation of the earth’s surface of individual processes (physical weathering, debris and shedding, planar flushing, heaving, subsidence, soil flow, etc.).

The results of the study, according to the author, make a certain contribution to the solution of important modern problems, the relevance of which is determined by the demands of the theory and practice of geographical forecasting and natural monitoring.

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FEATURES WATER REGIME FLOODPLAIN MEADOWS WETLANDS “KARTAL LAKE”

Posted in 2014, GEOGRAPHY, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

В статье рассмотрено – особенности водного режима пойменных лугов, условия затопления поймы, схема формирования фитопродуктивности лугов в периоды разного затопления поймы.

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