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GEOGRAPHY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

REGIONAL TOURIST CLUSTERS AS A TOURISM AND RECREATION SYSTEMS OF A NEW TYPE ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TRC “PODLEMORYE”)

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the methodical approaches to the concept formation of regional local tourism and recreation system. The author found that tourism and recreation systems of a new type in the form of regional tourist clusters emerged at the present stage of development of recreational nature management. Several new similar tourism and recreation systems can be distinguished on the territory of the Republic of Buryatia, One of the most successful projects is the tourism and recreational cluster “Podlemorye”, which was analyzed in the study to find the features of formation and development of such systems. This complex shows the effectiveness of public-private partnership. However, the implementation of such projects helped to identify legislative, regulatory, environmental and other problems, requiring urgent solutions.

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LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL ZONING OF MORDOVIA

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the actual problem of solving the task of rational use of soil and land resources. The principles of solving the following problems with the use of a regional GIS are described in details: the creation of a cartographic basis and databases of regional GIS, synthetic landscape mapping based on the interpretation of multi-zonal space images, identification and typological classification of agrogeosystems, landscape-ecological zoning of agricultural lands, development of a system of nature protection measures.

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DYNAMICS OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL AND THE CENTERS OF SETTLEMENT IN THE EASTERN SIBERIA REGIONS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers processes in the settlement system of Eastern Siberia at the intra-regional level. The unevenness in the dynamics of the demographic potential, the settlement processes and the development of the territory along the “center-periphery” line is shown based on the statistical material developed by state statistics bodies in the context of municipalities and analysis of results. There is a concentration of population in favor of the center, which reduces the development potential of other districts and cities far from the administrative center of the region.

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SYNTHETIC LANDSCAPE MAPPING IN THE REGIONAL GIS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper proposes an approach to the development of regional GIS, a central element of which is an electronic landscape map. The role of remote sensing data analysis using automated classification techniques is underlined. The following developed landscape indicators methodologies are mentioned: an analysis of the invariant and dynamic parameters of the neighborhood, the study of morphometric parameters, as the most important invariant characteristics of the territory, edge detection of geophysical areas, evaluation of geophysical diversity of the territory by the entropy and the characteristics of the brightness changes calculation, the classification of geophysical shell using neighborhood parameters. Features of ensemble systems usage for monitoring the condition of land and predicting natural natural hazards are described in details.

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GEOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRANSFORMATION OF SOILS IN TIME

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Geochemical features of chronological series of forest-steppe soils in the conditions of their natural reproduction under the influence of the zonal vegetation types were investigated. A new way of integrated assessment of the biogeochemical transformation of a number of black earth soil in time for the most informative list of macronutrients and trace elements that are accumulated or taken out of the soil solutions of humus horizons has been proposed in the article. Priority list of five trace elements that may be included in the monitored parameters in the system soil-ecological monitoring of agricultural land was presented. It is shown that on agricultural land requires periodic diagnosis of trace elements deficiency and its correction with micronutrients that can compensate for the loss of the fastest spent trace elements.

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CHANGES THE MODE SURFACE RUNOFF IN THE WESTERN PREDKAMYA OF THE TATARSTAN REPUBLIC

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a scientific research in the river basins of the West Predkamja of Tatarstan Republic. In a study conducted an analysis of physical and geographical conditions of the area. It was determined that there is an active transformation of the hydrographic network, an increase in water content and the proportion of underground water. It has been confirmed that the geomorphologic land base is a leading factor in the formation, movement and unloading processes of intensification of underground and surface water. But and the human activity is no less important. So the creation of Europe’s largest reservoir has caused the restructuring of geomorphologic layer of the earth and led to a change in underground water levels within the new huge pool Kuibyshev reservoir. At first, it changes the structure of the rivers flowing into the reservoir. The style of development of the territorial space also plays a major role in the changes of the stream flow formation. City apartments and settlements increase in size. In the town planning prevalent targeted approach to the design populated areas, where the natural landscape is seen as a resource for urban development. The agriculture is another important aspect of the territorial transformation. In the future, research will concern the issues of quantitative increase in water intake from underground sources in densely populated areas of the territory of the Tatarstan Republic, which presumably have a significant impact on the process of runoff reforming.

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SIMILARITY OF THE RESOURCE CYCLES OF THE KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT AND WESTERN SIBERIA REGIONS

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Given the application of the theory of resource cycles, developed by I. V. Komar (1975), for the territory of Western Siberia. Using statistical methods, we study the similarities and differences of the structure of aggregate resource cycles Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district – Yugra and other regions of Western Siberia. Established that the greatest similarity of the structure of this region from Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district, the smallest – with the Omsk region. The results showed that the proposed technique is quite efficient.

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN THE ARCTIC

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

Throughout many centuries the attention of researchers was drawn by the northern snow region. Now not only representatives of science, but also ordinary travelers and tourists go to the North Pole. Today tourism in the Arctic – one of violently developing directions in the last several years. An increasing number of residents of the different countries seek to spend the vacation going to exotic tours. The countries, that have the sector of the Arctic in a varying degree develop this direction.

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THE CONCEPT OF ECOLOGICAL TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN TSEY GORGE OF THE NORTH OSSETIA REPUBLIC

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Monitoring recreationally used areas within Tsey tourist-excursional complex allowed us to point out the main problem causing gradual loss of aestetic attractiveness of this natural territory: unplanned and initially spontaneous development and construction. Because of this spontaneity forests were on 4-5th stages of recreational digression already by 1980s. Therefore we suggest a Project of “circular” ecological path for unlimited visiting going along the periphery of the main developed area of the Tsey tourist-excursional complex. This path will go through beaach forest and will skirt main recreational objects. It will lessen recreational digression of the forest and create a general walking rest zone. A scheme of the ecelogical path is suggested which can be coordinated in agreement with all land-users.

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FEATURES OF USE OF FODDER GROUNDS IN THE TERRITORY OF THE NIZHNEVARTOVSK REGION OF KHMAO-UGRA

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

Research objective is the analysis of use of fodder grounds in the territory of the Nizhnevartovsk region of KHMAO-Yugra. Problem of this research – to study features of use of haying grounds and cervine pastures in this territory. Floodplains of the Ob Rivers, Vakh and Big Yogan have optimum conditions for creation of a food supply which represent water meadows with high productivity. The cervine pastures dated for the pine and lichen, pine lichen and cowberry woods have rather high percent (56%) of distribution in the territory of the Nizhnevartovsk district. In general, the explored territory is suitable for farming, but it is necessary to consider that this territory is in a zone of risky agriculture, and first of all the risk is characterized by klimato-hydrological conditions.

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BASIC INFORMATION RESOURCES FOR OPTIMISATION OF THE REGIONAL LAND USE

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

The article deals with the topical issue of using geo-information resources as a tool for optimization of regional land use. As an example, a system of GIS electronic maps “Mordovia” is described as the central element of which is a synthetic landscape-ecological map (LEK). The role of automated methods of spatial data analysis and modeling in solving the problem of updating GIS database is shown. It is noted that industry and complex maps forms a single information portrait of the region that can provide a solution to problems of the strategic landscape planning and forecasting of destructive processes.

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ONCE AGAIN ABOUT THE SINGLE GEOGRAPHY

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue October 2016 | 0 comments

In recent decades, the geography is increasingly perceived as a purely descriptive, school area of knowledge, not related to the basic sciences. Many people, even serious scientists do not understand what the geography. Here you can select a lot of reasons, but the main thing is that today, the geography, as a system of separate geographical disciplines, has lost its object of study. As a result, it is difficult to distinguish between geography and other sciences.

Geography should return to its roots. Two main elements: territoriality and complexity should be the basis of geography. Everything else should go to the appropriate related sciences: economics, political science, geology, biology, physics, urban, demography, sociology, etc. In this connection the human environment should be the object of geography, while under the environment we need to understand the totality of physical, economic (anthropogenic) and social spheres.

Geography must study complex issues of the environment in various scales: from local to global. Among such problems may be the problems associated with the environment, the problems of sustainable development and rational nature-use, regional studies, country studies and other. Then the question of what the geography, we can safely answer: the environment in the given region. In this case, no one science can claim to be the object of research.

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THE GLOBAL FLOW OF METHANE IN THE COMPOSITION OF ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATION AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE FORMATION OF METHANE CONCENTRATIONS IN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue September 2016 | 0 comments

In this paper the author considers the questions regarding peculiarities of formation of methane concentrations in precipitation; estimation of the global flow of methane in the composition of atmospheric precipitation and the effect of the latter on the level of methane in aquatic ecosystems. The amount of gas in the volume of precipitation that annually falls on the surface of the earth, is less than 0.53 Tg/year or 0.2% of the minimum value of the global runoff. It is shown that the loss in large quantity of atmospheric precipitation on the surface of the waters and the arrival of the flood of rain and melted snow water from the surface of the catchment will contribute mainly to the decrease in the level of methane concentrations in the water of the coastal zones of water bodies, due to the dilution effect. In General direct the role of atmospheric precipitation in the balance study of gas not only in aquatic ecosystems, but also in the Earth’s atmosphere is insignificant.

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MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LAKES PAROVOE, KRUGLENKOE, GLUBOKOE OF THE STATE NATURAL BIOLOGICAL WILDLIFE AREA “PUSTYNSKY” (NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION)

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue August 2016 | 0 comments

The article contains the results of researches of lakes Parovoe, Kruglenkoe, Glubokoe – three of eight lakes in the basin of the river Seryozha within the Pustynsky wildlife area. The lakes are an important landscape forming component of geosystem of reserve and have an increased interest from tourists because of traditionally high level of tourist attraction of Pustynsky lakes.The main morphometric and hydrological characteristics are calculated. On the basis of the analysis of morphometric characteristics of a lake hollow and a geological structure of the territory the conclusion is drawn on a karst origin of these lakes.

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METHODICAL APPROACHES TO ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF FAVORABILITY OF THE ABIOTIC CONDITIONS OF FISHERY WATER BASINS

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue July 2016 | 0 comments

In the article the questions of assessment of the level of favorability of the abiotic conditions of fishery water bodies. Methodical approaches to assessment of the level of favorability of the abiotic conditions of fishery water basins, emphasized the importance of such assessment to improve the quality of commercial fish species and aquaculture. It is emphasized that the use of this technique allows to eliminate the subjectivity from the assessment of the level of favorability of the abiotic factors, as, for example, a large area or the depth of the reservoir does not necessarily indicate its high level of favorability from the perspective of the living conditions of some of the aquatics.

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DEVELOPMENT OF NON-FERROUS METAL INDUSTRY COMPLEX IN THE FAR EASTERN FEDERAL DISTRICT

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue July 2016 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the current state and prospects of non-ferrous metal industry complex development in the Far Eastern Federal District. The industry have an impact on territorial organization of the economy; provide employment; produce products for domestic market and export; contribute to the budget replenishment of all levels; determine the formation of unfavorable ecological situations. It is shown, that preservation and development of the industry as the core specialization of the Far Eastern Federal District economy will ensure sustainable regional development.

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ECOTOURISTIC MARKETING STRATEGY OF NORTH OSSETIAN NATURE RESERVE

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue June 2016 | 0 comments

The paper deals with marketing in tourism as economic category – demand from tourists and what is being supplied. Peculiarities of tourism marketing are shown in North Ossetian Nature Reserve as step-by-step process, where first steps (study, making inventory of the objects) have been done long before changes in law on designated conservation areas, in 1980s-90s. According to evaluation of demand for eco-touristic programs, where preference was given to visiting karst caves, a project of Program of adventurous excursion to Shubi-Nykhas Cave is suggested (for 7 hours, with hiking along territory of the nature reserve – forest, cliff area, cave) with approximate calculation of this service.

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GEOGRAPHY OF TECHNOSPHERE ACCIDENTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TECHNOSPHERE FIRES IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION)

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue June 2016 | 0 comments

Presents a new research direction, which is the part of the sustainable development geography. This is the technospheric accidents geography. Among technospheric accidents fires are the leading type on the incidence and prevalence for most industrial societies. The peculiarities of fires spatial dynamics (incidence, causes, objects) in Russia are characterized. They are determined by a wide range of natural, socio-economic and cultural causes and conditions.

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GULLY SLOPES IN THE NORTHERN PART OF QUITO, ECUADOR

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue May 2016 | 0 comments

Research objectives included the study of the gully slopes nature in the equatorial mountainous region nearby Quito, the capital of the Republic of Ecuador. During the research, tilt angles of erosional form slopes in different parts of gullies, the degree of erosional activity and turf covering were examined. The study revealed that there is a decrease in steepness of slopes beginning from the top toward the gully mouth.

However, inside the gully bed, a more complex picture was observed. It was found that low slope areas alternated with steep fragments and new incisions developed inside the gully forms. Renewal and re-activation of already stable and turf-covered slopes are observed.

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PERMIAN SEDIMENTS OF THE SOLIGALICH DISTRICT, KOSTROMA REGION AS AN OBJECT OF PALAEOGEOGRAPHICAL STUDIES

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue April 2016 | 0 comments

The article discusses the importance of integrated studies of fossil organisms to reconstruct the physico-geographical conditions of the past on the example of paleofauna Permian deposits Soligalich district, Kostroma region. The relevance of studying this topic is due to low knowledge paleogeograficheskie diversity of Permian deposits of the study area, and the insufficient literature data on the problem under consideration.

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