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GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

NEW GEOCHRONOLOGY DATA ON EOCENE-OLIGOCENE VOLCANISM OF KRASKIN RIFT-RELATED BASIN (SOUTH-WESTERN PRIMORYE)

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

K/Ar and Up/Pb (by zircon) isotope-geochronological study of volcanic rocks of the Kraskin rift-related basin in the south-west of Primorye was carried out. A representative collection of specimens from stratotypic (support) sections of Zaisan basalt-andesite-dacite and Krasin dacite-rhyolite complexes was studied. Based on the data obtained, an assumption was made about the possible manifestation of two volcanic impulses – approximately 55.5 and 43.8 – 33.5 million years ago. It is shown that the main stage of active volcanism within the basin lasts for about 10 million years – from 43.8 to 33.5 million years ago, which was characterized by the synchronous eruption of volcanic rocks of basic and acidic composition.

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GENETIC FEATURES OF JAMGYR DEPOSIT (WESTERN TIEN-SHAN) RESEARCH ARTICLE

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the studies of the genesis of Jamgyr gold deposit, based on the data from the study of its mineralogical, tectonophysical, thermodynamic, geochemical features and literature data on similar geological objects. The stages of the deposit formation are highlighted, the main physicochemical parameters of ore formation are determined. As a result of research, it was suggested that there are ore bodies of different genetic types within the same deposit.

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ON ORIGIN OF PRECAMBRIAN IRON-ORE PRODUCTS OF KMA

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

The paper presents a number of hypotheses on the formation of ferruginous quartzites of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (KMA) on the example of the Mikhailovsky field. Terrigenous-sedimentary, volcanogenic-sedimentary, metasomatic, magmatogenic, and cosmogonic hypotheses of the formation of glandular precambrian glandular horizons are considered. The article presents the results of a study of the genetic conditions of the origin of ferruginous quartzites by conducting vacuum-deciptometric studies. According to the results, it is revealed that ferruginous quartzites are of polygenic origin.

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TYPOMORPHIC FEATURES OF SYNTHETIC DIAMONDS AND POSSIBLE WAYS OF TECHNOGENIC CONTAMINATION OF NATURAL OBJECTS

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

Widespread use of synthetic diamonds as an abrasive material and the appearance of synthetic diamonds on the market of jewelry is currently a serious problem as there is a possibility of changing the pricing policy on the diamond market and the risk of contamination of natural objects when looking for new primary diamond deposits. This paper discusses the main typo-morphic features of the most widespread brands of synthetic diamonds and proposes criteria to identify the authenticity of primary diamonds of known and new genetic types and eliminate the possibility of inappropriate expenditure of funds for the study and exploration of unreliable objects.

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CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF WATER OF MAN-MADE WATER BASES OF EASTERN TRANSBAIKAL

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

The chemical composition of waters of the open-cut lakes of six ore deposits located in the Transbaikal region was studied. The maximum degree of anomaly is characterized by the water in the quarries of deposits containing an increased amount of sulphide minerals in the ores and host rocks. They are acidic and strongly acidic with a high content of sulfates and heavy metals (Fe, Al, Zn, Cu, Mn, Ni, Cd, etc.) and mineralization of more than 2–3 g/l of water. The study of the distribution of the elements in the water column of one of the open-cut lakes showed a significant vertical heterogeneity, which is reflected in a significant increase with the depth of water mineralization, the concentrations of sulfates, iron, zinc, lead, arsenic and aluminum.

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METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF CARRYING OUT PREDICTIVE ESTIMATE OF THE JAMGYR DEPOSIT (WESTERN TIAN SHAN)

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the use of various geological methods for predictive estimate of one of the gold ore objects in Central Asia. The relevance of this topic is due to the fact that the Jamgyr deposit under consideration is being successfully developed at relatively low costs for preliminary exploration work, which is associated with the analyzed use of the complex of various research methods at the early stages of its exploration. The data of the article can serve as the sufficient methodological basis for conducting predictive metallogenic studies in the territory of the Russian Federation.

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RARE METALS IN TECHNOGENICALLY TRANSFORMED WATER OF ZHYREKENSKY, SHAKHTAMINSKY AND BUGDAINSKY MOLYBDENUM DEPOSITS (EASTERN TRANSBAIKAL)

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №10(76) October 2018 | 0 comments

Acid, near-neutral and slightly alkaline waters of predominantly sulfate anionic composition have been formed within the limits of the mining operations of the Zhyrekensky, Shakhtaminsky and Bugdainsky molybdenum deposits. Maximum concentrations of rare metals are characteristic of highly mineralized acidic sub-dump drainage effluents of the Bugdainsky deposit. Here predominant accumulation of rare-earth elements, cadmium, lithium, gallium, and rubidium is recorded. The fractionation of rare-earth elements is studied, and a significant difference in the configurations of their profiles in water and rock is shown. The practical significance of the study is due to the solution of the problem of preserving water resources regarding the mining production impact, as well as the necessity to identify possible raw materials sources of rare metals.

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SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF GEOLOGICAL PROCESS CONTROL IN TECHNOGENIC MINERAL FORMATIONS

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The article presents the forming processes of technogenic and mineral formations (TMFs) – technogenesis and subsequent transformation of the composition and structure of TMF – technogenesis. The authors studied technogenesis on the example of gold-bearing technogenic placers. The processes of TMF conversion lead to the release, transfer, and accumulation of gold-bearing phases inside man-made dumps. Management of the processes of technogenesis leads to the creation of nature-like production technologies. Directions on the management of the formation of gold concentrations in TMFs were allocated. Experiments on the accumulation of gold on geochemical barriers were carried out.

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ANALYSIS OF LITHOLOGICAL COMPOSITION AND COLLECTIVE PROPERTIES OF BREEDS OF ACHIMOVSKY HORIZON ROCK BEDS (ACh1, ACH2, ACh3) OF ALEKHINSKY PRODUCTION FIELD OF KHMAO-UGRA

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The conditions of the formation of deposits of the Achimov Neocomian horizon are studied in the article. Specific features of the change in physical properties (permeability, porosity) of Achimov deposits that come with the change of depth within the Alekhinsky deposit are considered. The analysis of changes in the formation reservoir properties of the oil and gas bearing deposits of the Achimov suite in the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, Yugra, is carried out. It is established that the rocks of the Achimov rock bed represented by compacted sand and coarse-grained siltstones exhibit uneven changes in the formation reservoir properties due to the complex geological conditions of the deposits formation.

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RARE-EARTH MINERALIZATION DISTRIBUTION BY ORE TYPES AT EXPLORATION HORIZONS OF KUTESSAI-II DEPOSIT

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The distribution of particular rare-earth elements along the horizons has a certain regularity and depends on the zone sequence in the distribution of rare-earth minerals down the section of the deposit. For each of the intermediate horizons of the deposit, certain types of industrial ores and their peculiar rare-earth mineral associations are inherently characteristic, the composition of which varies naturally concerning the deposit section.

The distribution of rare-earth mineralization is controlled by certain structural elements that existed at one or another stage of the formation of the deposit, hence individual parts of the rod-shaped ore body acquire different practical significance for different types of mineralization [3], [4, P. 115-116].

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GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE AND PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SEDIMENTATION MASSES OF INTERMOUNTAIN AREAS OF WESTERN TRANSBAIKAL

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №4(70) April 2018 | 0 comments

The terraced complex of the Selenga River and its large tributaries in the intermountain areas of Western Transbaikal is composed of sedimentation masses of different thicknesses, mainly of sand composition and aquatic genesis. The results of investigations of the granulometric composition of deposits showed a high degree of their suitability as building materials for the production of silicate products of autoclave hardening, reaching absolute values in separate basins. The extraction can be carried out all the year round by a mechanized career method, which will completely satisfy the demands of the construction industry in this region. A good transport infrastructure – the presence of a wide network of roads and railways will allow exporting raw materials outside its borders. The presented materials can be used at the stages of prospecting and exploration for silicate sands. The basis for this was the author’s original material obtained directly in the course of geological fieldwork.

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GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE AND PRACTICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF SEDIMENTATION MASSES OF INTERMOUNTAIN AREAS OF WESTERN TRANSBAIKAL

Posted in 2018, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №4(70) April 2018 | 0 comments

The terraced complex of the Selenga River and its large tributaries in the intermountain areas of Western Transbaikal is composed of sedimentation masses of different thicknesses, mainly of sand composition and aquatic genesis. The results of investigations of the granulometric composition of deposits showed a high degree of their suitability as building materials for the production of silicate products of autoclave hardening, reaching absolute values in separate basins. The extraction can be carried out all the year round by a mechanized career method, which will completely satisfy the demands of the construction industry in this region. A good transport infrastructure – the presence of a wide network of roads and railways will allow exporting raw materials outside its borders. The presented materials can be used at the stages of prospecting and exploration for silicate sands. The basis for this was the author’s original material obtained directly in the course of geological fieldwork.

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EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MELTING IN THE FORSTERITE NORMATIVE PART OF THE СаО-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 SYSTEM IN CONNECTION WITH THE EXISTENCE OF THE “ECOLOGITE BARRIER”

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

We conducted experimental study of the liquidus phase relationships in the forsterite-normative region of the phase diagram of the СаО-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system in the pressure range of 2.5-3.0 GPa. The existence of two peritectic melting reactions Opx+Fo+L=Cpx+Ga и Opx+L=Cpx+Ga and one eutectic reaction L=Cpx+Opx+Ga+Fo is established. It is shown that at the pressure of 2.5-2.6 GPa and temperature of 1500 OC, there is a non-variant equilibrium (L, Cpx, Opx, Ga, Fo). At the point of its existence, the liquid composition is in the Mg2Si2O6-Al2O3-Ca2Si2O6 plane. From the point of view of this non-variant equilibrium, the reaction beam is L = Cpx + Opx + Ga + Fo in the direction of high temperatures and high pressures, while the reaction beam Opx + L = Cpx + Ga leaves the point of this non-invariant equilibrium towards high pressures. The reaction beam in the direction of low pressures is Opx + Fo + L = Cpx + Ga. It is shown that the singular non-variant equilibrium (L, Cpx, Opx, Ga, Fo) is a model of the “eclogite barrier,” which was discussed in the works of V.А.Zharikov and V.S.Sobolev in connection with the problem of the composition of primary ultra-basic magmas evolution to granite melts.

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EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CRYSTALLIZATION OF HIGH-CALCIUM CHROMITE GRANATE IN SERPENTIN-CHROMITE-CaO SYSTEM

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

Garnets containing a high amount of chromium and calcium are some of the rarest types of this mineral, which can be found in peridotite and inclusions in diamonds. The results of experimental modeling of crystallization conditions for high calcium calcined garnets in the serpentine-chromite-Ca-Cr-containing aqueous fluid system at a pressure of 5 GPa and a temperature of 1300°C are presented. The newly formed garnet is characterized by a high content of CaO (up to 26.30% by weight) and Cr2O3 (up to 20.95% by weight) and is similar in chemical composition to the uvarovite-pyrope types that form the part of the relatively rare naturally occurring paragenesis of garnet verlites.

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METAL-SULFIDE-SILICATE MELT AS A POSSIBLE SOLVENT OF NATURAL DIAMONDS

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

In the present study, the process of etching synthetic diamond crystals at 4 GPa and 1400 °C for a model heterogeneous solvent was first realized in a sulfur-containing iron melt with the addition of kimberlite (Fe – 81 wt%, S – 14%, kimberlite – 5%).

It is established that during the dissolution process, diamond crystals are transformed into the curved individuals of the octahedral habit. It has been established that the role of silicate additives (5 wt%) is in the local screening of the surface of diamonds with the formation of etching bumps.

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ACCURACY ESTIMATION OF THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF OIL AND GAS-BEARING COMPLEX IN SAMARA REGION

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the evaluation of the accuracy of dynamic analysis under the severe geological conditions in the Samara region and its feasibility on a given territory. Eight seismic survey areas were analyzed using common depth point 3D method (MOGT-3D), on which the dynamic analysis was performed. It was found that the magnitude of the forecast errors for carbonate and terrigenous layers varies: the effective thickness in terrigenous layers is predicted better, than in carbonate formations, and the porosity coefficient is better predicted in carbonate formations. After a general assessment, it was found that the porosity coefficient is predicted slightly better than the effective thickness in the Samara region.

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EXPERIENCE OF DATA PROCESSING OF EXPERIMENTAL FILTRATION WORK IN FISSURED GROUND WITH THE USE OF ANALYTICAL SOLUTIONS AND NUMERICAL MODELING

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The construction of an energy facility in the north of Egypt involves the implementation of experimental filtration (EFW) works to determine the water availability of rocks of near-surface aquifers. This is due to the need to build drainage systems for safe construction, as well as further operation of the facility. The results of processing the EFW on the basis of analytical solutions are given; the advantages and disadvantages of the chosen calculation scheme are indicated. The necessity to create numerical models is described. Comparison of interpretation results with analytical solutions and numerical simulation is performed.

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USE OF AIR DRONES IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

This paper describes the main tasks of the oil and gas industry, which can be solved using air drones. Prospective applications of air drones with large weight-lift in solving logistics tasks at the deposits in the near future are considered, which will significantly reduce economic costs and accelerate oil production processes by saving time. In addition, a list of the main domestic companies developing air drones is provided, as well as the average technical characteristics of their products.

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ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF THE CONCEPT AND STRUCTURE OF COMPLEX MONITORING OF SOME ARCHITECTURAL AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS IN HANOI

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The concept and structure of complex engineering and geological monitoring of architectural and historical monuments of Hanoi are proposed in the paper. The specificity of engineering, geological and hydro-geological conditions within the historical center of Hanoi is analyzed. Natural and man-made factors influencing the development of various processes and deformations of architectural and historical monuments are considered in the work. The content of the object engineering and geological monitoring for the Hanoi Cathedral and the Hanoi Flag Tower is proposed.

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INVESTIGATION OF CHEMICAL ELEMENT DISTRIBUTION IN THE NEAR-SURFACE HYDROTHERMAL SYSTEMS WITH THE HELP OF «SELECTOR PC» (IN EXAMPLE OF A GOLOVNINA VOLCANO, KUNASHIR ISLAND)

Posted in 2017, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The chemical composition analysis of gas and thermal fluids of the Golovnin volcano (Kunashir Island, Kuril Islands) are done. The physical and chemical models of «flowing reactor» type for contrast kinds of fluids have been constructed with the help of the SELECTOR Program Complex (PC) at different conditions (P=1 bar and P=10 bar).

Solutions are divided into several groups according to its chemical composition – both to anion and to cation one. The relationship between physical and chemical parameters of springs and components content of ones are detected, the phase relations within systems for contrast groups throughout the numerical experiment are found out, the mineral ratio for solid phase are obtained.

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