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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ECONOMICS

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

STRUCTURAL-CONTENT RESOURCES CHARACTERISTICS AT THE REGIONAL-MUNICIPAL LEVEL OF OPERATION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the structure of the resources of the municipal education, identifies the criteria for classifying resources, reveals the structure of resources, depending on the stage of development of the economy and the tasks to be accomplished. Particular attention is paid to social resources, their structure, and their place and role at the present stage of social and economic progress. It is noted that the multilevel structure of resources, its complexity, the presence of a large number of elements necessitates the use of systemic, criterial and reproductive approaches. In this case, systemic criterial and reproductive approaches allow us to determine the tools for effective management and to fully study the features of the resource structure, which will positively affect the sustainable development of the territory in connection with the transition to an innovative type of reproduction of the economy.

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MANAGEMENT OF CORPORATE CULTURE AT THE MERGER OF COMPANIES: INTEGRATION AND TRANSFORMATION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The importance of corporate culture for the success of mergers and acquisitions of companies is considered in the article. The research data confirming the importance of cultural integration in mergers and acquisitions are presented, while the main scenarios of working with the corporate culture of the company are highlighted. The influence of corporate culture peculiarities on integration problems is shown. As a result of the conducted research and generalization of practical experience, the main goals, tasks and the algorithm of the process of managing the transformation of corporate culture are formulated. The subject of management is defined – this is the Committee for the management of the transformation of corporate culture, its role in the overall integration process, the organizational structure of the Committee and the main tasks, incl. staff information.

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IMPROVEMENT OF THE SYSTEM OF BENEFITS AND COMPENSATIONS IN THE SYSTEM OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SOCIAL POLITICS OF THE ORGANIZATION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a study devoted to the development of directions for improving the system of benefits and compensation as an integral part of social policy and a tool for motivating the organization. The article reveals the content of the concept of social policy of the organization, the system of benefits and compensation in the organization was investigated, the opportunities for benefits and compensation as an instrument for motivating employees in the organization were identified. The state of social policy and the system of benefits and compensation in the organizations of Russia has been analyzed and directions for their improvement have been developed. The practical importance of the study is due to the development of a mechanism for recording the use of various benefits by employees and their relevance. Previously, organizations were constantly working on a system of providing benefits and compensation, but not always taken into account the use of certain benefits by employees.

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DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONNEL POTENTIAL OF SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF SUPERVISORY ACTIVITY MANAGEMENT AND PREVENTIVE WORK OF THE HEAD OFFICE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY SITUATIONS OF RUSSIA IN KHABAROVSK REGION)

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

Theoretical and practical foundations of improving the management of the personnel potential of the units of supervisory and preventive activities are determined. The main criteria and norms for calculating the necessary number of inspectors for the supervisory authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation with regard to the risk-oriented approach in the implementation of supervisory activities, integrated social and economic fire risk and other new forms and methods of work are developed. The main directions of increasing the professional level of the inspectorate are established, new forms and methods of training are introduced.

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PROBLEMS OF LEVELING OF THE TERRITORIAL ASYMMETRY OF DEPRESSED REPUBLICS OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the problems of leveling the territorial asymmetry of the depressed republics of the North Caucasus. It is substantiated that the level of social and economic development of the region of the Russian Federation can be considered via the integrated assessment of the effectiveness of the factors and conditions for the economic development of the region in the context of market relations to ensure socially critical results. For these purposes, it is advisable to use two complex indicators reflecting the key aspects of territorial development: Level of economic development of the territory and the level of social development of the territory.

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DEVELOPMENT OF ENTERPRISE STRUCTURES AND CREDIT ORGANIZATIONS INTERACTION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The following article studies the development of interaction between business structures and credit organizations. The author paid due attention to the aspect of crediting of the enterprise sector subjects and considered the dynamics of its development. The choice of the topic is due to the fact that the subjects of entrepreneurship increasingly need to build a system of multilateral cooperation with credit institutions in today’s environment. The author comes to the conclusion that effective development of interaction between business structures and credit organizations requires the creation of a balanced policy with respect to business entities on behalf of the banking sector

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EVALUATION OF HUMAN POTENTIAL OF THE REGION WITH REGARD TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATED STRUCTURES

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The Human Development Index (HDI) in Russia, the Volga Federal District (VFD), the Republic of Mari El, is presented in the article. A multi-factorial regression model is constructed taking into account the factors affecting the HDI of the VFD. The integral indicator of the human potential of the Republic of Mari El (IIHPR) is calculated, taking into account the development of integrated structures. The results of the research showed that by means of investing in education, we increase the level of science development, which ultimately affects the efficiency of production and the gross regional product. This is the effect of integrating education, science and production.

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PROBLEMS OF ORGANIZATION OF STATE AND MUNICIPAL PROCUREMENT

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of the work is to justify the necessity to make changes in procurement practice. The object of the study is the procurement activity of budgetary organizations. The value of the research is to draw attention to problematic issues of procurement and to find ways to solve them. The features of state and municipal purchases are given. The risks of procurement organization are investigated; recommendations to reduce the probability of their occurrence are developed. The results of the research showed that the information system accompanying purchases is not effective enough.

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REACTIVE AND PROACTIVE METHODS OF MANAGING RELATIONS WITH STEAKHOLDERS IN CRISIS MANAGEMENT

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The success of the crisis management of a company largely depends on the position of the stakeholders during the crisis. Interactions with them are carried out through a communication system, which must be organized rationally, i.e. it should support their confidence that the management of the company understands the situation, takes all necessary measures to overcome the crisis and that this goal is achievable. Rational organization of communications involves the use of reactive and proactive methods of managing relations with them. The reactive method involves reliance on the past experience of successful interactions, while proactive method involves the involvement of stakeholders in the communication system, which was previously located on the periphery of the company’s interests.

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MAIN TRENDS OF HUMAN POTENTIAL IMPLEMENTATION AT THE RUSSIAN MARKET OF LABOUR

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to identify the most significant problems of the realization of human potential at the national labour market and to search for the main areas for a possible revision of the HRM model.

Specific strategies of personnel management implemented by large and other business entities are considered. The most probable prospects of future trends at the labor market are noted while maintaining current models of managing human potential. The reasons for the discrepancies in the statistical data of analytical agencies are explored.

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BENEFICIARIES AS SPECIAL PARTICIPANTS OF THE PROCESS OF BUILDING URBAN BIOSPHERE RESERVES

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article examines foreign experience of creating an urban biosphere reserve on the example of the cities of Great Britain. The article contains the analysis of the term “beneficiary,” its meaning and place within the concept of sustainable development. The paper gives analysis of the views of national and foreign researchers studying this term. The results of this study show that thinking over potential beneficiaries is a necessary aspect of the activity for the preparation of future urban biosphere reserves in Russia. The work is of an interdisciplinary nature and written at the junction of several sciences, which allows us to map out new objects and subject areas for future research.

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STRATEGIES OF EVENT-DRIVEN HEDGE FUNDS FOR BINARY EVENTS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The last two years have become indicative in terms of unpredictability of the results of certain political events. The results of the referendum in the UK and elections in the US have surprised the public. While mutual funds have not risked investing, event-driven hedge funds have found the possibility of obtaining excess profits with risk limitation. Consideration of their strategies for binary events is the subject of this article. Expected elections in Germany, Norway and Chile in the second half of 2017 make research of such strategies relevant.

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MODELLING THE PROCESS OF TARGETING INNOVATIVE ACTIVITIES IN HIGH-TECH TECHNOLOGY BUSINESS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the essence of targeting, as well as the key actions that are relevant for its practical use. The main directions of innovative activity targeting are presented in accordance with the National Technology Initiative project. A high-tech economic activity “Production of Office Equipment and Computers” is singled out in the targeting of innovation activity of high-tech business of TechNet and in accordance with the state program “Information Society.” It has developed forecast models for the indicator of the volume of innovative products. The article was prepared with the financial support of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics.

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INFLUENCE OF REGIONAL ELECTIONS ON MAIN KINDS OF BUDGET EXPENDITURES OF A TERRITORIAL ENTITY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

In this paper, the authors consider the influence of gubernatorial elections on the main sections of the budget of a territorial entity of the RF. First, the structure of the consolidated budgets of the territorial entities of the RF is analysed. The main sections of the expenditure side of the budgets are allocated on the basis of this analysis. Further, econometric models are constructed using panel data, on the basis of which the hypothesis on the importance of the influence of gubernatorial and parliamentary elections on the expenditure of budgetary funds is tested. As a result of the analysis, the relationship between gubernatorial elections and budget expenditures under the article “National Economy” is established.

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TRANSPORT COMPONENT IN DETERMINING THE INTEGRATED INDEX OF THE ECONOMY’S COMPETITIVENESS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of the analysis of the transport component account when calculating the integral index of competitiveness. The systematization of the opinions related to the issue of the transport component accounting in the calculation of the integrated index of competitiveness was carried out. Based on the survey, the authors found that the transport component is not fully considered in calculating the integral index of economic competitiveness in the reviewed publications. In this connection, the authors proposed recommendations for improving the accounting of the transport component when calculating the integral index of the competitiveness of the economy. A four-level system of indicators characterizing the transport component of the integral index of the competitiveness of the economy is proposed. Recommendations on the calculation of the factor characterizing the transport component of the competitiveness of the economy are offered. Proposed recommendations can be used to solve the problem of identifying regional transport and logistics centers in air transport.

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SUBSTANTIATION OF THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL MODEL OF STABILITY ESTIMATION OF SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT IN THE REGION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The publication presents the results of the study dedicated to the substantiation of the theoretical and methodological model for assessing the stability of the socio-ecological and economic environment of the region. The paper discusses methodological tools using the energy indicator of the economic capacity of the ecosystems of the territory, data on energy costs associated with labour productivity and on material flows in nature-intensive sectors of the economy. Effective management influence on these parameters helps to maintain the level of economic activity of the regions within the limits of the biosphere stability.

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EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF MANAGEMENT METHODS ON THE ORGANIZATION COMPETITIVENESS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The article suggests an approach to assessing the impact of management methods on the competitiveness of an organization by structuring them according to groups of competitiveness factors. Evaluation of the impact of management methods on competitiveness is examined by the example of a particular organization. The activity of the investigated company is evaluated with the help of the proposed technology, “bottlenecks” are identified, goals are outlined and measures for eliminating the identified shortcomings are proposed. A comparison is made between the effectiveness of the management methods used and planned to be used.

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EVALUATION OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE MATERIAL INTENSITIVITY OF THE ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING IN THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the analysis of the situation in the Russian regions with the largest and the smallest resource intensity of the electric power industry. The estimation of resource intensity (material intensity) was carried out with the help of the total MI (Material Input) numbers while anthropogenic influence was determined through the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions. Elements of ecosystems susceptible to significant anthropogenic influences are determined in regions with the greatest material intensity of electricity produced. Comparative analysis has been carried out to identify the causes of the relationship between the emission of greenhouse gases and the specific level of resource intensity of the electric power industry, as well as the patterns caused by negative anthropogenic influences. The study enabled identifying the reasons for the substantial and insignificant material intensity of the electric power industry of some constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

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TRENDS IN ECONOMY OF KNOWLEDGE IN FOREIGN UNIVERSITIES

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The current trends in knowledge-based economy in foreign universities are identified and structured in the article, based on the analysis of data from foreign sources. The author emphasizes the leading role of universities in the economy of knowledge. The change in the status of universities in the field of innovation with the adoption of Bayh-Dole act in the United States is examined. The democratization of innovation becomes an important step in the development of economy of knowledge. The key to success is the exchange of knowledge through the formal cooperation, symposia or other forms. The principles of the university repositories development are also given in the paper. In order to increase the effectiveness of their use, it is proposed to build a structure for scientific research.

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CONTRADICTIONS IN LABOUR NORMING OF SPECIALISTS FOR THE PROTECTION OF LABOUR UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF MARKET ECONOMY

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the problems of labour norming in a market economy. There are contradictions related to the process of labour norming by labour protection specialists in the form of separate blocks. The impossibility of applying the Decree of the Ministry of Labour of Russia of 22.01.2001 No.10 “On the Approval of Inter-industry Standards for the Number of Employees of the Labour Protection Service in Organizations” is grounded. Problems associated with the process of creating a new regulatory framework are identified. Possible ways of resolving the revealed contradictions are proposed.

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