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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ECONOMICS

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

FACTORS OF COMPETITIVE ABILITY OF NATURAL FABRICS IN THE TEXTILE MARKET OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The paper evaluates the main competitive advantages of nettle fabrics compared with cotton and linen ones, a polygon of competitive ability based on the basic physiological and hygienic indices and features of reproduction is formed in this study. The consumer properties of fabrics are characterized by certain quality attributes, which are monitored both at the development stage and at the stage of fabrics production. In the first case, a wider range of indicators is determined, and in the second case – those that can change as a result of a violation of the technological process. In any case, at the organization of the technological process it is necessary to simultaneously guarantee the quality and reduce production costs – to ensure the competitiveness of the products. For the optimal solution to this problem, it is necessary to develop a system of crystal requirements for production technologies and flexible management systems, including those using automated ones. The main attention in the paper is given to the properties of fabrics affecting their life cycle; hygienic and aesthetic characteristics, such as: comfort, heat conductivity, strength, etc. The outlooks of production of nettle fabrics in Russia are considered. One of the features is that the nettle fabric does not lend to moldering processes, is not prone to corrosion and is resistant to attacks of insects. This allows you to protect the plant from chemical treatments and obtain the most environmentally friendly raw materials. So the ecological role of this plant and the fabric produced from it, as well as the manufacture of products from such fabrics is highly expressed.

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APPROACHES TO DETERMINATION OF ECONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS OF REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES OF RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATED HAYFIELDS AND PASTURES

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The article examines the role, significance and problems of effective development of grassland management in the reproduction of forage resources and ways of increasing the productivity of animal husbandry and reducing the cost of production. The analysis of natural forage lands use, their current status in the Bryansk region is provided in the paper. The priority is to maximize the involvement of biological factors as well as the realization of the environment-forming potential of fodder crops in agro-ecosystems, along with the rational use of material and technical resources through the use of low-cost resource-saving technologies: Creation of cultural pastures and other production, economic and social factors.

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ISSUES OF TAX BENEFITS EFFECTIVENESS IN DEVELOPMENT OF HARD-TO-RECOVER RESERVES OF HYDROCARBONS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The article highlights the importance of tax benefits for extracting minerals in order to stimulate the growth of hydrocarbon production. The dynamics of the amount of tax benefits is provided. It is also indicated that tax benefits apply to hard-to-recover oil reserves in the first place. It is noted that the amount of benefits is not always justified and in case of individual projects leads to the emergence of super-profitability. It was concluded that the benefits mechanism should be adapted to the conditions of a particular field. The institution of state expertise of project documents can be used to assess the effectiveness of benefits and the appropriateness of their application.

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A.S. POSNIKOV ON AGRARIAN REFORMS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The article analyzes reforms in the agrarian economy of Russia at the beginning of the 20th century. Western and traditionalist approaches to economic reforms are singled out and discussed. The role of A.S. Posnikov in the implementation of reforms is considered as well as his role in the development of the agrarian economy of Russia. The implementation of agrarian reforms in Russia and in the countries of Western Europe at the beginning of the twentieth century is compared. The author analyzes the consequences of the lack of democracy in agrarian transformations in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century. The importance of certain institutions (such as mortgage banks, cooperatives) in the development of agriculture in Russia is emphasized. The author makes a conclusion about the hopelessness of agrarian reforms which were never oriented towards the interests of the middle class.

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PROGRESSIVE INCOME TAX: OBJECTIVE NECESSITY

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The following scientific article justifies the necessity to introduce a progressive scale of income taxes in Russia, built on the principle of increasing tax rates, and depending on the increase in the taxable income of taxpayers. At the same time, special attention is paid to the reasons for introducing progressive taxation system from the point of view of economists. The author discusses the essence of the progressive taxation scale and offers to assess its advantages and realize objective necessity of introducing progressive tax rate in the Russian Federation.

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REVISITING THE PRESENT STATE OF CORPORATE CHARITY ACTIVITY OF RUSSIAN BUSINESS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The paper briefly reveals the essence of charity activity; the corporate charity activity of Russian business is analyzed. Various examples of goodwill projects of leading Russian companies show the current state of this issue; the influence of corporate philanthropy on the formation of competitive attractiveness and the degree of organizational maturity are considered as well. The problems which corporate charity activity faces at the implementation of various models of corporate social activity are described in conclusion.

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INVESTIGATION OF THE SIGNIFICANCE OF FACTORS AT THE CONCLUSION OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITION TRANSACTIONS FOR PUBLIC COMPANIES IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of this study, the results of which are presented in the paper, was to investigate the importance of factors affecting the effectiveness of mergers and acquisitions. The sectoral analysis of the market of M & A transactions was carried out, the average values of the efficiency of mergers and acquisitions transactions for companies-buyers by industries are calculated, the hypotheses about the results of transactions were put forward. A regression model for determining the efficiency based on the short-term efficiency formula was developed. A theoretical model is proposed for the calculation of the efficiency value of the transaction, taking into account the hypotheses. Based on the calculations, key factors influencing the short-term effectiveness of the transaction were identified: the larger the transaction amount, the greater is the efficiency of the merger and acquisition transaction for the acquiring company. The participation of a large independent consultant positively affects the effectiveness of mergers and acquisitions. The set of recommendations has been developed to improve the efficiency of the mergers and acquisitions process for Russian companies.

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FACTORS AFFECTING THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The author’s interpretation of the scientific and technological development of the industrial and technological system is given in the paper based on the systematization of the conceptual apparatus; the components of scientific and technological development are defined; the modern tendencies of scientific and technological development are outlined, the factors influencing scientific and technological development are revealed as well. The author proposed the classification in the form of construction of identified factor matrix, dividing these factors according to the levels (formed at the level of state, region and industrial complex) and the direction of influence (creation and transferring of technologies, training and retraining of personnel, financial support for scientific and technological development, technological modernization of production).

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ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN MONGOLIA

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The development of mining industry in Mongolia characterized by high input, energy consumption, and pollution has done so much harm to the environment that environmental stress in Mongolia has raised to the extent that it affects the country’s economic and social sustainability. This study analyzes the content of corporate environmental disclosers with respect to the following three areas: environmental policies and plan considerations, top management support to the environmental concerns, and stakeholder’s involvement and future trends.

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SOCIAL INVESTMENTS OF RUSSIAN BUSINESS: DYNAMICS AND STRUCTURE

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of the work is to analyze the dynamics of social investment of business in Russia and their structure for the entire period of presentation of non-financial reports reflecting the results of social investments of business structures. The article presents an analysis of the formation and development of corporate social investments in Russia, clarified certain theoretical provisions pertaining to the concept of corporate social responsibility. The importance of social business investment for the economic and social development of Russian society is shown. The dynamics of non-financial reporting of companies is investigated, the main tendencies in development of social investments of business are revealed. The analysis of the structure of corporate social investment policies aimed at solving the problems of society and territorial communities, as well as the internal development of the organization itself. The dynamics of changes in a number of directions of external and internal social investments of business is revealed. The importance of corporate investments in the development of social and human capital has been analyzed. The dominant role of human capital in the sustainable economic and social development of the country is shown.

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ON INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN A RESOURCE REGION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper studies existing approaches to the modeling of sustainable development of a resource region. The article discusses the possibility of constructing an integrated model that takes into account the depletion of natural capital, investment into the conservation and renewal of natural resources, environmental damage and demographic indicators of the region. The paper offers the model based on the use of the apparatus of production functions, differential equations, regression analysis, and the structuring of the concept of the saving rate.

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POSSIBLE WAYS OF MANAGEMENT OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY DURING THE CURRENT CRISIS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

In this article the analysis of segments of economy (in relation to conditions of the Russian Federation), capable to sustainable development in the conditions of the current economic crisis in Russia is carried out. The forecast of change of key economic indicators of the country from the leading finance companies allowing to predict fullness of revenues of the Russian budget is provided. In article foreign experience of an exit of economies of the leading countries of the world from crisis situations is analysed and possible ways of development for Russia are offered.

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INNOVATIVE MECHANISM AS THE MOST IMPORTANT DIRECTION OF EFFICIENT DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The basis for the development of industrial enterprises and the various organizational forms of their corporate associations should be the options of innovative mechanisms which, on the one hand, create the organizational and economic prerequisites for the implementation of production and sale processes, and, on the other, form an algorithm for managing of these processes at the level of sustainable development strategies of the corresponding organizational forms of production systems. It is necessary to study and take into account the processes of cyclical changes in the economic activity of the market environment during the developing the innovative mechanism of industrial enterprises.

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MODELLING OF SYSTEM OF FUNCTIONING OF MODERN AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The major factors constraining progressive development of modern agro-industrial structures and growth of their profitability are determined. Specifics of functioning of the entities of agrarian sector, and also feature of the organization of production process on agrarian and industrial complex of the closed cycle are revealed. The model of system of functioning of modern agro-industrial complex is offered, its functional structure is described and system connection between basic elements is established.

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USE OF HEDGING TOOLS AIMED AT IMPROVING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GOLD-MINING ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

In the context of financial crises that occurred in Russia in 2008 and 2014, domestic businesses become increasingly aware of the necessity to manage currency risks on an equal basis with other areas of risk management. A significant number of companies began to use different hedging instruments. Hedging is an effective tool for redistributing financial risks between economic entities. In developed foreign countries, there is a well-established mechanism for hedging application, both by professional participants of the financial market, and by companies in the real sector of economy.

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LETTING APARTMENTS – NEW HOUSING POLICY OF THE CITY

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers new experience of building houses with apartments for letting on the example of a recently constructed house in St. Petersburg. Existing methods of providing rental housing for needy citizens in the region are analysed and compared. Constraints, advantages and prospects related to the development of social housing construction in St. Petersburg are singled out. Prospective directions of state assistance in the construction of houses with apartments for letting are given; the main participants of the investment process are indicated.

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THE REGRESSION MODEL STRUCTURE OF PUBLIC SPENDING IN THE USA FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1965 TO 2015 YEARS

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Based on the statistics of the government of the United States for the period 1965 to 2015 studied the structure of the public expenditure of the Government of the United States of America. Built a linear regression model based on public spending of the US Government from spending on national defense spending not related to national defense and expenditures of States and municipalities. The greatest contribution to public spending make the cost of national defense and the expenditures of States and municipalities.Mapping the dynamics of change in the growth rate of the gross domestic product of the United States with the dynamics of public expenditure showed that economic regulation by the Federal government of the United States, from 1965 to 2015 were carried out in accordance with the Keynesian model, in periods of both growth rates of GDP, US government spending has decreased, and in periods of decline of the rate of growth of US GDP, public spending has increased, despite the fact that it led to budget deficits.

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MODEL FOR DEMOGRAPHIC STATE ANALYSIS OF THE REGION

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The model generating main demographic indicators using multiplicative corrections that depend on all the significant factors affecting these indicators is used to analyse and forecast a demographic state of a region. The model is implemented with the help of simulation method, which uses flow diagrams and difference equations of system dynamics. Conclusions are drawn about the patterns of changes in the parameters of social and economic situation in the region for the period up to 2024.

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CHARACTERISTICS AND CLASSIFICATION OF MODERN FORMS AND TYPES OF SHADOW BANKING

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article describes the main trends in the development of modern shadow banking characterized by intensive development and a variety of types and forms of manifestation. Special attention is paid to assessing shadow banking activity in China and Russia, where the features of the development of the national economy determined the specific forms and mechanisms for its implementation. On this basis, there is justifiedthe classification of species, each of which must be used various forms of influence of the regulators.

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HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES

Posted in 2017, ECONOMICS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the analysis of human resource management practices for Brazilian companies. The country-specific context and organizational behavior peculiarities of Brazil define the companies’ approach for HRM practices. The example of “CCR Group” is considered as a case study example. Analysis from company structure, culture specific context, current situation of human resource management not only in this company, but also in Brazil, in order to give the recommendation about how to solve the exist problem within company’s human management structure and how to develop their human resource management in the future.

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