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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ECONOMICS

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 18+

ASSESSMENT OF FORECAST RESOURCES FOR HYDROCARBONS OF THE NORTH-EAST ARCTIC SHELF SEA OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №10(76) October 2018 | 0 comments

The shelf of the Laptev Sea, East Siberian and Chukchi Seas located in the north-eastern part of Russia is promising for hydrocarbon raw materials. This article presents forecast hydrocarbon reserves on the eastern Arctic shelf sea of Russia by various authors. The oil and gas potential of the north-eastern part of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is shown to provide the opportunity for forecasting and discovery of predicted hydrocarbon deposits, which will significantly optimize the fuel and energy balances of the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).

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SYSTEM OF DEVELOPMENT OF INTEGRATION PROCESSES IN INNOVATIVE INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №10(76) October 2018 | 0 comments

The article considers the system of managing the development of integration processes in the innovative industrial environment. The application of these processes in the innovative industrial environment of the Samara region is analyzed with the help of the aerospace cluster. Proposals are put forward to develop a system for managing the development of integration processes applicable to the aerospace cluster of the Samara region. The managerial concept is proposed which enables objective management of integration interaction based on the results of the comprehensive analysis of innovation performance indicators.

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FOOD INDEPENDENCE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE ANTI-RUSSIAN SANCTIONS: DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №10(76) October 2018 | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to study the state of the domestic agricultural sector after the introduction of economic sanctions in 2014, the so-called food embargo – a ban on the import to Russia of certain types of products, raw materials, and agricultural products from countries that imposed sanctions against Russia. To achieve this goal, we analyzed the indicators of total agricultural production and some categories of agricultural products at actual and comparable prices in the dynamics over some years; the dynamics of the level of consumption for certain types of products indicated in the 2010 Russian food safety doctrine is presented. The indicators of food independence are calculated for the same types of products, as well as the overall level of food independence, which is proposed to be considered as an indicator of the effectiveness of the policy of import substitution. By the data presented, a conclusion is made about the positive dynamics of the Russian agricultural industry development.

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METHODS OF ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STABILITY, POSSIBILITY OF ITS ADAPTATION TO CONDITIONS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The following article explains the necessity for the analysis of financial stability of agricultural organizations in the Russian Federation. A conclusion is made about positive trends that are emerging in this industry. The paper contains methods for analyzing financial stability adapted to the financial and operational specifics of agricultural enterprises as well as their brief description. The main features of the financial stability of an agricultural organization obtained by an aggregate balance are presented.

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ON THE APPLICATION OF CUMULANT ANALYSIS TO STUDY OF DEGREE OF STOCK MARKET PRICE EFFECTIVENESS

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The work describes the method of testing the hypothesis of the stock market price efficiency by means of analyzing the properties of the distribution function of the historical return on equity. A sign of the violation of a strong (and, perhaps, moderate) form of price efficiency is the asymmetry of the distribution of return identified by calculating its third cumulant. The application of the method to the analysis of the statistical characteristics of fluctuations in the RTS Index has shown them to be noticeably non-Gaussian, which indicates the significant role of factors hindering price efficiency of the Russian stock market.

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EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT IN AGRICULTURE

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №9(75) September 2018 | 0 comments

The article explains the necessity for an objective and timely evaluation of the technical equipment in agriculture. For that purpose, it is proposed to distinguish three levels (macro, meso- and micro-level) of the evaluation; each of them has its characteristics based on the objectives and the information base. It is proposed to modernize the analysis of technical equipment at the enterprise level (micro-level) by means of bringing the computation results into a comparable form by assigning the rating scores to different levels and summing them up.

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TRENDS OF SYSTEM OF HIGHER PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MARKETING APPROACH APPLICATION IN MANAGEMENT OF A UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №8(74) August 2018 | 0 comments

The functioning of state universities in a highly competitive environment against the backdrop of growing demands from consumers and public authorities requires a significant increase in the efficiency of their management. Being consumer-oriented is a key principle of the university development, which brings forth the necessity to manage it from the standpoint of the marketing approach. The analysis of trends in the development of the system of higher professional education is conducted. The specifics of its development both around the world and in Russia are determined on its basis. The need for marketing in the university management system is noted. As a result of the research, differences between the concepts of marketing management and marketing management in the university are revealed. The goals, functions, and tasks of marketing management are defined. The results obtained can be used by the heads of state and non-state universities to discuss, develop and implement a set of measures to introduce marketing in the management system of universities to overcome the existing problems of development and provide successful functioning in the market of educational services.

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WINNING METHOD IN PRODUCTION COST AS TOOL FOR JUSTIFICATION OF ECONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS OF TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №8(74) August 2018 | 0 comments

The problem of increasing the accuracy of justifying the economic efficiency of innovation and making informed decisions is very relevant in modern conditions, since high investment capacity characterizes innovative solutions, and the current evaluation techniques do not take into account the specificity of the innovation being evaluated (technological, product, organizational, etc.). In order to solve the problem identified, it is proposed to use a combined methodology based both on the cost approach (the method of winning in the cost price) and on the static approach (using the concept and the algorithm for calculating the technological cost) for assessing the economic feasibility and effectiveness of technological innovation.

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ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES OF ACTIVITIES OF TAX SERVICES AND WAYS OF THEIR IMPROVEMENT

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №8(74) August 2018 | 0 comments

The authors conducted a study of the organizational features of tax services’ work, analyzed the specifics of the implementation of their basic functions and proposed directions for improvement. The results can be used both in assessing the control activities of tax authorities and in developing programs to increase the effectiveness of their activities which explains the article’s scientific and practical significance. The work defines the key role of the information component in ensuring the effectiveness of the organization and in monitoring the collection of taxes. As part of the further development of information services for taxpayers, the possibilities of using mobile applications are explored, regular updating of a structured directory of tax incentives on a website is offered.

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INFRASTRUCTURAL MODEL OF NORTHERN REGION: INTRODUCTION OF INSTITUTIONS OF ECONOMIC SAFETY

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №8(74) August 2018 | 0 comments

It is required to develop a new approach to institutional provision of the northern regions as well as to their economic activities with regard to economic degradation and high risks in the area. Infrastructural model of the northern region aimed at achieving economic security of the north and Russian Federation as a whole is proposed in the article. The model suggests the reduction of economic distances and disunity of actors. Recommendations on improving institutions for supporting business entities are of practical value and can be used for the elaboration of regional development strategies.

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EXPERIENCE OF CLAIMS AS FACTOR OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE METHOD OF TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №7(73) July 2018 | 0 comments

The facts of deliveries of defective or poor-quality material and technical resources to large industrial enterprises are considered. Formulated in connection with the maintenance of claim work costs are formulated. One of the sources of information for forming an estimation of the total cost of ownership of material and technical resources is described. The necessity of accounting for supplies of poor-quality material and technical resources to account for all costs and the subsequent formation of the total cost of ownership is justified.

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GLOBALIZATION AS A WORLD DEVELOPMENT PHENOMENON

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №7(73) July 2018 | 0 comments

The article considers the influence of the globalization process on the development of the world system. A comprehensive review of the leading researcher’s opinions on different scientific trends and historical periods was made. The phenomenon of globalization, which originally arose in the economic field, gradually spread to all spheres of human life (political, social and spiritual) during the process of development of the world community. The author comes to the conclusion that the globalization of the neoliberal variant, imposed on the world by the transnational oligarchy, based on the principles of market fundamentalism and the desire to extract superprofits, pose a serious threat to modern society, contributing to the growth of unemployment and poverty, exacerbating the ecological situation and introducing a primitive standardization into culture. According to the author, the modern world is in a transition period the era of uncertainty. Accordingly, the question is raised about the search for a viable ideological alternative necessary to achieve even development and social justice.

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ASSESSMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN REGION ON BASIS OF FIVE-LEVELS FUZZY [0,1]-CLASSIFIERS

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

This study aims to develop a methodology for assessing the sustainability of agricultural production in the region on the basis of factors of two groups: economic and environmental. The objective of the study is to develop methods that allow the formation of a comprehensive assessment of the sustainability of agricultural production in the region on the basis of standard multilevel fuzzy [0,1] – classifiers by aggregating estimates on a set of heterogeneous indicators. Aggregation is performed on the basis of time series of numerical values of heterogeneous indicators, reflecting both the level and the growth rates of indicators for the periods under study; it allows not only to give numerical estimates of the intensity of agricultural production and the degree of its impact on the ecology of the region, but also to indicate the most problematic areas of development of the agro-industrial complex of the region, and also to rank the regions on the basis of the estimates constructed.

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OPTIMIZATION METHODOLOGY OF INTRAURBAN TRANSPORT ROUTES OF AUTOMOBILE PASSENGER TRANSPORT

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The issues of quality of transport services are the most relevant for the system of automobile passenger transport, since serving the citizens, it significantly affects the activities of these people, as well as the economic and social situation in the region. The main task of optimization is to select the optimal bus route scheme according to the criterion of the minimum total time spent by all passengers on their journeys. This Research article provides step-by-step instructions for the optimization process.

In recent years, there has been a downward trend in the volume of transportation on subsidized passenger transport. Its main reasons are a decrease in the quality of transport services, an increase in the motorization level, a change in the structure of demand for transport services, the development of commercial passenger transport, the aging of the vehicle fleet (VF). The situation when the solvent demand for transport services is met by private commercial transport, and the transportation of preferential categories of the population falls on municipal transport, leads to a reduction in revenue from transportation and an increase in the need for budgetary financing. This problem is especially topical in small towns, where, due to limited financial resources of municipal authorities, public transport is on the verge of extinction.

For better servicing of passengers in small towns, it is important to conduct passenger traffic surveys and optimize the route network.

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CHOICE OF MOBILE PLATFORM FOR MOBILE AIR APPLICATIONS

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

Some aspects of digital-marketing are considered in the Research article. Digital-marketing uses the Internet and mobile technologies (mobile services and applications) as the main communication intermediaries. The authors monitor existing mobile applications and rank them depending on the direction and functions performed. The estimation of actual aviation applications working in the market of electronic commerce is given. Also, the Research article justifies the choice of the Android mobile platform for designing a new mobile air application.

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ACTUAL ASPECTS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS IN MOBILE MARKETING

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The Research article presents actual aspects and trends in the development of mobile marketing in the retail trade. An example of successful implementation of mobile marketing technologies (tools) as a mobile application is presented on the basis of “Amber Card” loyalty program. On the basis of the audit of the mobile application, recommendations are given on the development of the direction of mobile marketing of the projects “Miracle shop of Russian cuisine”, “Dobryanka” and “Supermarket of home food “Bakhetle”.

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WAYS TO SOLVE INSUFFICIENT BUDGET PROBLEMS IN REGIONS OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The Research article addresses the problems of increasing the number of subjects performing their budgets with a deficit, increasing the state debt of the subjects, as well as the high level of subsidization of some regions. The purpose of the Research article is to find a solution to the problem of insufficient budget provision of the regions. One of the possible ways to increase the budget independence of the regions is considered on the example of the Kaluga region; conclusions are drawn that regions that do not have a significant raw material potential can solve the problem of insufficient budget provision by introducing innovative technologies in various sectors of the economy.

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COMPLEX INTENSITY ESTIMATION METHOD OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION OF ROSTOV REGION WITH REGARD TO POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE DYNAMICS

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The work aims to develop a fuzzy-multiple methodology that allows assessing the dynamics of the development of the agro-industrial complex in the region on the basis of a complex of diverse indicators, and also to compare (ranking) agricultural objects or regions. The technique is based on the use of standard multilevel fuzzy [0,1] – classifiers. This makes it possible to calculate a complex numerical estimate for the level of agricultural intensification by the criteria of two groups for any number of years under study: the intensification level of production in agriculture and the level of economic efficiency of intensification of production in agriculture, and also to give practical recommendations for the further development of agriculture in the region.

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ASPECTS OF IMPROVING TAX POLICY

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The topical issue of increasing the efficiency of tax collection rate in the Russian Federation is considered in the paper. The analysis of the state of the shadow economy is given. The options that contribute to increasing the taxes collection rate of the territory in question are considered. The influence of the spread of the “garage economy” for the country and each citizen carrying out certain types of activities without registration with the tax service is indicated. Based on the analyzed data, a conclusion was made about the prospects of combating the problems of the shadow economy in Russia.

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ORGANIZATION OF WEB-OFFICE OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION PROVIDING EDUCATIONAL SERVICES

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №6(72) June 2018 | 0 comments

The Research article highlights the modern conditions of the education sector. Network communication requirements for educational institutions of any level are formulated. The need to create a website is indicated, and a structure that meets the requirements for a site for an educational enterprise and recommends the filling of each section is described. Also, the feasibility and the possibility of investing financial and labor resources in creating and supporting the activities of a web office were analyzed.

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