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CULTURE STUDIES

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

Functions of garden and park culture on example of Japan

Posted in 2022, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022 | 0 comments

The article analyzes basic functions of garden and park culture.

The paper analyzes the relationship of the Japanese traditional garden functions with world views and religious representations in Japan. The novelty of the work consists in the following: 1) the essence of the garden and park culture of Japan as a specific phenomenon, including the variety of its functions was researched; 2) the interpretation of symbolic and ritual elements of garden and park culture of Japan was determined; 3) The religious and attitudinal ideals of the world view, as reflected in the garden and park culture of Japan, have been defined.

This research showed a synthesis of ancient beliefs and traditions with modern tendencies of society development.

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Formation of virtual world image in mass-media: aspects of the problem

Posted in 2022, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 5 (119) May 2022 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the problem of virtual reality model formation within the mass consciousness. The methodology of the work is based on the critique of radical social constructionism within the mass consciousness framework as an independent multidimensional structure with its own media impact-free foundation. Virtual reality model formation in mass media stems from world’s image ideologization and is based on value relativism and conceptual structure. The work considers a technocratic world picture both as a virtual reality model basis and a scientific image antithesis. The virtual reality concept is viewed through criticism of theoretical relative position and also conceptual and value positions.

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THE FORMATION OF THE SPORT-CHIC STYLE BASED ON THE HISTORICAL RETROSPECTIVE OF THE SPORTS STYLE

Posted in 2022, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

As one of the leading sources of inspiration for designers, the sports style has a great influence on the formation of a modern suit. The current article is aimed at understanding the sports style from the first costumes used for horseback riding, hunting, golf, tennis, and skating, which were designed by the athletes themselves, to the formation of the style of sports chic. The article analyzes the practices of creating a suit for sports in the fashion of various periods and the work of designers and outstanding athletes of the twentieth century such as Coco Chanel, Jean Patou, Rene Lacoste, Madeleine de Rauch, Ralph Lauren and others. The author examines the process of “transition” of sportswear into casual wardrobe in connection with the increase in the value of convenience and a healthy lifestyle.

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COIN AS A WAY TO POPULARIZE AND MEMORIZE A CONSTITUTION

Posted in 2022, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The purpose of this article is to clarify the question of why, by what artistic means and with the help of which images the popularization and memorization of national constitutions is carried out. In the article, the coins studied are divided into two large groups: coins of regular minting, which contain an image of the constitution, but the issue of which is not associated with commemorative dates related to the constitution itself, and commemorative coins issued for the anniversaries of the constitution. The latter are issued in connection with the adoption of a new constitution or in connection with a memorable date related to the current or a eminent constitution from the past. There are five groups of coin plots dedicated to the constitution, depending on their source. The images of the constitution on coins generally follow the most familiar representations that are repeatedly found in works of fine art (book, scroll, tablets), at the same time, some countries attempt at going beyond the classical images of the constitution and thereby increasing interest in it.

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ON THE THEME OF MOTHERLAND IN THE LITERATURE OF THE “UNNOTICED GENERATION” BASED ON THE WORKS OF A. NESMELOV)

Posted in 2022, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 01(115) January 2022 | 0 comments

This article deals with the topic of the Russian culture abroad. The author identifies the problems that are touched upon in the work of the writer and poet Arseny Nesmelov related to the topic of emigration from Russia as well as determines the significance of the image of Motherland in the work of an emigrant writer belonging to the “unnoticed generation” of the first wave of emigration. Сделаны выводы о дуальности образа Родина в творчестве Несмелова. The article is based on primary sources and contains a detailed analysis of A. Nesmelov’s poems. The study draws parallels with similar images of Motherland in the literature of emigrant writers. The study examines the problems of the relationship of emigrant writers with the Motherland and presents conclusions on the connecting role of the image of Motherland between various representatives of the younger generation of the first wave of emigration.

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THE ROLE AND PRINCIPLES OF USING VOCALISES IN VOCAL EDUCATION OF A UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021 | 0 comments

This article discusses the need for the use of vocalises in the process of teaching vocal techniques in universities. The author determines the importance of vocal exercises in the development of the singing voice of experienced performers and music teachers, as well as in solving a number of problems of voice science. It is established that the use of vocalises, provided they are correctly selected, expands the technical and artistic capabilities of university students in vocal lessons. Practical recommendations are given on the selection and methodology of the use of vocal etudes, including their usage in relation to the ways of performing vocalises. The study also notes the special role of instructional vocalises in the process of training future performers. The article has practical significance and is based on the work experience of the author.

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TRADITIONS AND FACTS OF YAKUT SHAMANISM (BASED ON THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE RITE OF ASKING FOR THE SOUL OF A CHILD)

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021 | 0 comments

The article examines three rites of asking for the soul of a child in traditional Yakut shamanism. The novelty of the work lies in the analysis of the structure of the rite and the text of the rite in a comparative-comparative plan (early-new). As a result of a comparative analysis of the shamanic rite of asking for the soul of a child, the authors determine the number of transformational differences and structural similarities of the rite, consisting in the performance of ritual activity: 1) preparation for the shaman himself and the participants of the ritual; 2) determination of the purpose of the shaman’s journey; 3) invocation and appeal to the helper spirits, deities, etc.; 4) the shaman’s journey; 5) the shaman’s return.

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SONG FORMS AS A MEANS OF INFLUENCING THE FORMATION OF PUBLIC OPINION

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 12 (114) December 2021 | 0 comments

The current article examines the reflection of song forms in society and their influence on the formation of public opinion while also analyzing the phenomenon of the modern Spanish rap artist and poet Pablo Hasél convicted for the content of his songs. The research aims to study the consequences of cultural influence caused by the creative activity of an artist. At the moment, the problem has not been sufficiently studied and is in its active phase of development, which is why it is of particular interest. The relevance of the research is due to the development of genre diversity and a wide response among different age groups. Special attention is paid to the lyrics of the songs that caused a resonance in the Spanish society and caused a negative reaction from the authorities.

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BIRDS OF A FEATHER (SUB-CULTURAL CODES)

Posted in 2013, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue August 2013 | 0 comments

The article examines the cultural codes of youth subcultures illustrated by hippies. It is noted that the youth subculture is a world of meanings and signs, by the means of which existing artifacts are used and new ones are created. It is concluded that the changes which are taking place in the contemporary culture have led to the search of new ways of young peoples’ life self-determination due to the changes in their verbal and nonverbal behavior.

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TO THE QUESTION OF CHRISTIAN MOTIVES IN THE POETICS OF THE SILVER AGE

Posted in 2013, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue August 2013 | 0 comments

This article is about Christian motives in the literature of the Silver Age, as well as aspects of their reflection in the works of the symbolist writer A. Bely.

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THE DIALOGUE OF CULTURES IN THE PARADIGM OF MODERNITY

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021 | 0 comments

The dialogue of cultures is ambiguous and fraught with a number of contradictions. In the context of modernity, it becomes very relevant when it comes to new trends in education, scientific research, and education. The purpose of this article is to characterize the dialogue of cultures as a phenomenon in terms of how much it stimulates tension between cultures. Against the background of the complexity of the globalization process, which can be described as dual, people are interested in fruitful interaction, which means that modern society is characterized by a fusion of cultures. The interaction of cultures in the context of globalization is fraught not with their hostility to each other, but rather with the danger of loss of cultural diversity when all unique features are leveled.

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DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT AS A SOURCE OF IMPRESSING AND A MEANS OF DEVELOPING ITS POTENTIAL

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 11 (113) November 2021 | 0 comments

Based on the data obtained in the course of an interdisciplinary empirical study, the article describes the emergence and functioning of “digital” impressing. The study demonstrates how often the digital environment becomes a source of impressing and what role it plays in the implementation of the activities activated by it. It Socio-cultural and socio-psychological predictors of “digital” impressing are presented – factors that allow for assuming its occurrence and correcting the realization of its potential. The author determines that whatever the nature of impressing – “digital” or “non–digital” – an important factor in the realization of a person’s aspirations that arose, as its result, is direct interpersonal interaction with significant persons, among whom parents play an important role.

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ON THE CINEMATIC IMAGE

Posted in 2013, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 9(16) September 2013 | 0 comments

Goal: Expand the concept of “cinematic image” to show its importance. All impressions after watching the movie are based on meringue seen and analyzed the images. Cinematic image, a very interesting phenomenon. After all, we do not even think that the perception of the film takes place under the influence of cinematic images.

Materials can be a help in the conduct of lectures for students in cultural studies, art and film critics.

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ON PECULIARITIES OF OLFACTORY SELF-PRESENTATION AS A NONVERBAL ASPECT OF THE FORMATION OF THE JAPANESE ETHNOCULTURAL IDENTITY

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №9 (111) September 2021 | 0 comments

This article examines the place and meaning of the basic cultural and historic specific features of fragrances and smells perception typical of the Japanese culture. The analysis is based on various scientific and publicistic works within the framework and comparison of historical and contemporary processes influencing the perception of fragrances and smells by the representatives of the Japanese culture as well as on the study of modern practices of fragrances and smells in various spheres. The author gives practical description of odour use in contemporary Japan on a daily basis, dwells on some peculiarities of the use of scents and smells in everyday life of Japanese as well as discusses the role of smells as an important component for the interpretation of the non-verbal fragment of the Japanese worldview which by no means comes as an integral part of the comprehensive insight into the national picture of the Japanese people and their ethno-cultural identity.

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ON THE FEATURES OF USING BASIC AND CULTURALLY-COLORED KINESIC MEANS OF COMMUNICATION IN THE CULTURE OF EATING IN SPAIN

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №9 (111) September 2021 | 0 comments

The purpose of the study is to identify the features of the use of basic and culturally colored kinesic means of communication using the culture of eating in Spain as an example. The author notes that the non-verbal communicative component is integral to the culture of eating. Its most realized component is kinesic means of communication for a number of reasons, the priority when choosing which, in turn, depends on the current situational context of communication. The scientific novelty of the study is the classification of the most popular kinesic means of communication within the framework of the culture of eating in Spain based on the analysis of the situational context of communication. The results of the study demonstrate that, unlike the basic ones, culturally colored kinesic means are aimed at regulating interpersonal relations of communicators and are predetermined by linguistic and extralinguistic factors, the understanding of which can significantly affect the success of intercultural communication.

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FROM MAN TO HUMANITY: DEMOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE TO TRADITIONAL FAMILY VALUES

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №8 (110) August 2021 | 0 comments

For several decades, the issue of the demographic crisis has been particularly acute. It reflects the future of a person, it absorbs much that is connected with the development of the person themselves, the society in which we live, our culture. The author states that the demographic challenge today has gone beyond quantitative indicators and leads to qualitative changes. The risks of modern society are an integral part of life and certainly affect the individual. Digitalization, technological advances initially designed to help the individual, can become a destructive force at any time. Today, millions of others may suffer from the actions of one person. Therefore, the moral component of the human essence is becoming important in our time, in the formation of which values play a special role. In turn, such values are formed in the family. Therefore, the family should be given particular attention not only as an institution where the main function is birth, but it also should be considered as a special system in which a person is formed. The culturological approach, the assessment of the indivudual in the cultural system opens up a full-scale view of depopulation as a problem. With such a view on the issue, the phenomenon of culture, which is inextricably linked with human activity, becomes dominant in the disclosure of the problem of depopulation and makes it possible to see the individual as a complex system inscribed both in the natural and socio-cultural environment.

The aim of the study is to consider the demographic crisis associated with depopulation through a cultural approach. Research objectives include analyzing the main approaches to the study of the demographic crisis, examining the importance of traditional values in solving the demographic problems of our time, determine the importance of the family as the main socio-cultural institution of humanity in humans.

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SOCIOCULTURAL DIVERSITY OF IMPRESSING: EXPERIENCE OF TYPOLOGIZATION

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №8 (110) August 2021 | 0 comments

Based on the generalized theoretical and empirical data on impressing, the current study attempts to identify and describe its types. The study justifies the possibility of applying the typological method to the study of impresssing, it identifies and describes the specifics of the distribution of the entire variety of impressing into types. It is shown that impressing, as a sociocultural phenomenon, can be typologized according to various criteria. The diversity of its types is due to the fact that any impact of the sociocultural environment can be decisive in the emergence of a personally significant impression if it falls during a critical period of development. The article emphasizes typological specificity of impressions arising in the context of digitalization of culture.

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COLLECTION AND RECOGNITION OF FOLK RIDDLES OF KHMER CULTURE IN VIETNAM

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №8 (110) August 2021 | 0 comments

Folk riddles of Khmer ethnic group in Vietnam has long been considered a unique genre of folklore since it inherently contains the typical features of riddle namely intellectuality, lyricalness and humor. Additionally, Khmer riddles embody features of performance, knowledge source and folklore with unique regional imprints. The article presents the results of the author’s collection and summarization of Khmer riddles in Tra Vinh other localities with a huge number of Khmer people in the South through documents published in Vietnam. In light of this data source and the process of observing and practicing Khmer riddles in people’s life, the author generalizes the basic cultural values ​​of this genre. This article comes as the first study in Vietnam on the riddles of the Khmer residents in Vietnam.

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GIFT EXCHANGE AS ONE OF THE FORMS OF HUMAN SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №7 (109) July 2021 | 0 comments

In this article, the exchange of gifts is considered as one of the cultural forms of development of society, the characteristic features of which are analyzed on the basis of the works of A. Ya.Flier and M. A. Poletaeva. If an artifact is only a reproduction of the same cultural form, which is a set of characteristics that reflect the utilitarian and symbolic functions of each cultural object, in this study, the gift will be considered in a broader sense, where the set of functions of the exchange of gifts as a cultural form takes on special significance. The aim of the study is to identify the main functions of gift exchange and to trace their changes in pre-written and medieval societies.

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ON A REVOLUTION IN THE LIFE OF THE DAGESTAN POPULATION: HARBUK VILLAGE IRON STOVES

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №7 (109) July 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the development of new technologies in the Dagestan metalworking at the end of the 19th century (production of sheet iron stoves), expansion of the range of blacksmith and locksmith products. It is no accident that almost all the languages of Dagestan use the Russian words “pech” and “pich” (oven) to denote new heating devices that have appeared in everyday life. In Soviet times, when artels of folk craft were organized in the centers of folk crafts, they began to produce iron stoves for sale to the population. By the beginning of the 1960s, almost all the Dagestan villages used iron stoves for heating and cooking. Even today, iron furnaces are part of the interior of a living room called “pichla khjal” Many processes of the development of the furnace business are illustrated in the article with examples from the history of traditional crafts of the Dagestan blacksmithing center in Kharbuk.

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