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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

CULTURE STUDIES

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

THE IMPORTANCE OF A DACHA IN THE LIFE OF A MODERN CITIZEN

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The article deals with a dacha (Russian summerhouse) as a phenomenon of the modern Russian sociocultural reality. The author traces the evolution process behind the dacha in the history of Russia, paying attention to its main meanings in various periods, including the Soviet and Post-Soviet eras. While initially these houses were a symbol of the favor of authorities, later they became a symbol of the urban middle class, later — the new elitism of the Soviet era, and in the 90s — a sign of prosperity and wealth. The Russian dacha has become a common cultural phenomenon. At first, it served its purpose as a place of pastime for the aristocrats, in the second half of the nineteenth century it turned into a literary and artistic salon, and in the difficult twentieth century it became the main solution for the food problems of citizens. Having studied the transformation of the cultural meaning that this phenomenon underwent in the last decade, the author shows that the dacha again seems to indicate a place of rest, solitude and independence. By going to their dacha, the modern citizens, including the Khabarovsk residents, escape from the city with its exhausting rhythm, and thereby seeks to “slip away” beyond its control, returning to nature, their “roots”, informal communication and their true existence. The memories of Khabarovsk residents and the 2020 Khabarovsk city press publications served as the main source of materials for the study.

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SPIRITUAL, CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE, A RESOURCE FACTOR FOR A BREAKTHROUGH IN MODERNIZATION

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The theme of the uniqueness of the Tatar culture to this day retains its relevance. The article provides a brief analysis of the definition of the spiritual and cultural-historical heritage and its role in the formation of the spirituality in modern society. The study examines the problem of preserving cultural heritage using the “Tatarochka” international competition as its basis. Based on the long-term experience of participation and interaction in international competitions, the author identifies and analyzes the pedagogical conditions focused on the development of value orientations of a Citizen of the World and a patriot of their Homeland. It is noted that in the twentieth century, traditions practically begin to disappear along with the transformation of the traditional way of life while culture acquires a market value measured by efficiency. At the same time, modern popular culture allows to preserve and broadcast artistic epic traditions in mass leisure activities. The analysis allows for the presentation of festival movements as a modern sociocultural practice of aesthetic development and preservation of the epic heritage of the Tatars.

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ON THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE KANSK LITERARY MUSEUM OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The current article discusses the ability of museums to respond to the global challenges of today. Museums are one of the most democratic institutions available to all groups of society. The study touches upon the problem of preserving the literary centrality of Russian culture in the context of digitalization, visual turn and social distancing. The traditional affinity of Russians towards literature and the authority of writers endow literature with significant potential. Literary museums possess the opportunity to educate and strengthen national and cultural identity, as native literature helps to acquire and form a national identity. The Russian identity is based on the archetypes formed in the sphere of Russian literature, its regional component. Therefore, the literary museum in Kansk is important for Russia.

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THE IMAGE OF THE WORLD IN CONTEMPORARY ART IN THE CONTEXT OF CRITICISM OF J. BAUNDRILLARD’S CONCEPT OF THE END OF ART

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

The article deals with aspects of the image of the world in contemporary art in the context of criticism of the concept of the end of art by J. Baudrillard.

The image of the world of contemporary art is the result of different processes: the ideologization, the absolutization of the role of the artist and the customer requesting the artwork and, on the other hand, deideologization: the return of art to the true reality, the artistic canon, and a classical aesthetic values and awareness of the importance of the historical experience of the development of art through new paradoxical art forms.

The study analyzes the image of the world of modern art not as an evidence of the crisis and disintegration of art into meaningless eclectic forms, but as a source of new paradoxical art forms that have a basis in the historical experience of the development of art, the creative freedom of the artist and a new rethinking of classical aesthetic values.

The methods of the research are based on a comparative historical analysis of the development of art in the context of criticism of the concept of virtual reality and Baudrillard’s “end of art”. The study is based on the works of R. Lorand, J. Baudrillard, F. Guattari, A. Danto and E. Gombrich in the aspect of the analysis of art as an integral system that develops on the basis of the continuity of the artistic canon and aesthetic values.

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TECHNOLOGY OF ARTISTIC FELTING AS A REFLECTION OF THE ECOLOGICAL TRADITIONS OF THE NOMADS OF THE SAYAN-ALTAI REGION

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 11(101) November 2020 | 0 comments

The article discusses the problem of preservation and development of artistic felting as one of the types of applied and decorative folk art of the Sayano-Altai region. This aspect is considered in the framework of solving the first task of the project, the aim of which is connected with examination of traditional methods of felt art from the point of view of ecological potential and cultural and economic development of southern Siberia, involving a historical and cultural analysis of artistic and technological characteristics of the felt art of the peoples of South Siberia (Altaians, Tuvinians, Khakass).

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HISTORICAL AND LEGENDARY HEROES IN THE MINDS OF CHINESE STUDENTS AS A MANIFESTATION OF NATIONAL CULTURAL HERITAGE

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the results of a study conducted among Chinese students and aimed at identifying the most popular images of historical heroes and legendary characters, manifesting national cultural traditions.

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A. LAVINSKY IN VHUTEMAS

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article discusses the work of one of the representatives of the Russian avant-garde in VHUTEMAS Anton Mikhailovich Lavinsky. It describes the historical, cultural and social prerequisites for the establishment of a new method of teaching and its transformation in art education of Soviet Russia in the early twenties.

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THEATRICALIZATION AS FESTIVE CULTURE PHENOMENON. CONCEPT EVOLUTION (HISTORICAL AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THEORETICAL WORKS OF THE XX-XXI CENTURIES)

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the semantics of the theatricalization concept. The goal of this work is to update the interpretation of this phenomenon, taking into account modern trends in the direction of theatrical performances and celebrations. The research methodology is based on cultural, historical, and comparative methods, and its results allow tracing the evolution of the theatricalization concept, fixing the changes that have taken place over time, and also clarifying the conceptual picture of this phenomenon today. It should be noted that the theatricalization concept is considered only in the context of using this term in the professional director’s environment in the sphere of theatrical performances and holidays.

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PUPIL UNIFORM PECULIARITIES OF THE DON MARY’S FEMALE GYMNASIUM AT THE END OF XIX CENTURY

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

Some pupil uniform peculiarities of the Don Mary’s female gymnasium at the end of XIX century and the possible of its utilization on costume design and project elaboration in school education process were discussed.

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TRANSFORMATION REPRESENTATIONS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN RUSSIA (END XVIII – FIRST HALF XIX CENTURY)

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The article discusses the ways and reasons of transformation that dominated Russian society, perceptions about the roles and significance of the Ottoman Empire and the East in Russian foreign policy. Shows a different perspectives on the policy of the Russian Empire in Asia.

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ORGANIZATION OF SPIRITUALLY-MORAL EDUCATION AND EDUCATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN MODERN CITY

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to actual problems of education, spirituality, patriotism, morality, and civil cultural environment of young people, through processes of revival of Orthodox culture in the modern industrial city on the example of Togliatti. Special features of value orientations of young people. The main reasons for this situation caused socio – economic problems affecting the formation of the spiritual culture of the city.

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EVENT-BASED COMMUNICATION AS THE LANGUAGE OF MODERN SOCIETY

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The purpose of the given research was to justify the statement that event-based communication becomes one of the languages of modern society. To achieve that purpose the author defined the following objectives: to analyse the definition of language given by Yu.M. Lotman and to relate the event-based communication to that definition; to define the structural elements of a secondary language and to determine them in a special event. The defined structural elements can be used to design future special events and to construct social reality through them.

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THE DIGITAL CULTURE OF INTERPERSONAL INTERACTIONS AND IMPRESSING AS ITS ELEMENT

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The article covers the characterising features of the “digital” functioning of impressing, which is a tool of sociocultural environment and its values influencing an individual. Due to the principles of the sociocultural approach, impressing is considered in a complex tangle of social, cultural and psychological determinacy. The subject of the research is the predictors of emotional vulnerability situations of an individual, which determine the nature of influences on the individual that can have an impressing effect. The article contains empirical evidence designed to expand the theoretical model of the specifics of emotional vulnerability situations occurring during the digital interaction as the determiner of the sociocultural impressing phenomenon.

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IMPROVEMENT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF CULTURAL AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES AMONG THE POPULATION IN RURAL CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The paper considers issues of improving the organization of cultural and leisure activities among the population in rural cultural institutions.

The aim of the study is to consider the organization of cultural and leisure activities of rural cultural institutions as subjects of socio-cultural activities. The following tasks were solved to achieve this goal,:

– the activities of the organization of cultural and leisure activities among the population in rural cultural institutions were considered;

– recommendations were developed to improve the organization of cultural and leisure activities among the population in rural cultural institutions.

The provisions and conclusions of the study, proposed recommendations concerning the organization of cultural and leisure activities of the population, can be used to improve the process of interaction and optimize cultural and leisure activities among people of various age groups in modern cultural institutions.

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THE SOCIOCULTURAL CODE AS SYSTEM-FORMING THE FACTOR OF STRUCTURING AND FUNCTIONING OF CITY

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue September 2014 | 0 comments

In the article is examined the sociocultural code of city, special feature of its structure and content. Its role in transfer and retention of hereditary, sociogenic information about the city is revealed. The complex analysis of the sociocultural code of city will make it possible to reveal the sociocultural special features of urban associations, mechanisms, conditions and factors of formation, structuring and functioning of territorial generalities.

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ARTISTIC COMMUNICATION IN MONUMENTAL ART

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 04(94) April 2020 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the visual form of communication of geo-space preserving the historical memory of generations and forming national identity. In particular, objects of monumental art dedicated to perpetuating the name of the classic of the Balkarian literature, Kyazim Mechiev (1859-1945), are considered. The topic is relevant due to the formation of a new paradigm of humanitarian research related to the concept of communication as a form of both interpersonal interactions at the level of various ethno-linguistic differences, and of influence on the formation of ethno-cultural and ethno-artistic consciousness in a wider socio-cultural context. The novelty of the study is conditioned by the culturological approach to monumental art as an object of artistic communication.

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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE DESIGN AS A PARTICIPANT OF CULTURAL GENESIS

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue August 2014 | 0 comments

The article considers theoretical and methodological aspects of development of design in a modern socio-cultural situation, features of its integration into a national cultural complex, its functions, as successor of spiritual tradition.

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FEATURES OF CERAMIC PRODUCTS OF KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The paper considers the importance of ceramics as one of the essential artifacts of material culture, testifying to the traditions, culture, and development level of ancient world cultures, in particular Kazakhstan. The authors classified ceramic products, defined their similarities and differences according to certain criteria. They have conducted an analysis of archaeological material at a certain historical boundary.

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SAYINGS IN THE TRADITIONAL CULTURE OF THE KHANTY OF POLNOVATSK PRIOBYE

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

Based on the field material collected in the settlements of the Polnovatsk Priobye of the Beloyarsky district of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra of the Tyumen Region from 1996 to 2018 as well as literary sources, the author examines one of the genres of verbal folklore – sayings. In the context of the regional culture functioning, the study of the verbal folklore of the Khanty of the Polnovatsk Priobye region has now acquired special significance and relevance. First of all, we’d like to highlight its social significance since the preservation of cultural heritage plays an important stabilizing role in human life.

The article classifies the material according to the thematic principle and singles out family, calendar, trade, and everyday rites. The material under consideration shows that even nursery rhymes can express specific national features.

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THE ROLE OF THE GENEALOGY OF THE MODERN HUMANITIES: CULTURAL ASPECTS OF THE RESEARCH

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

The article discusses the concept of genealogy in the various fields of scientific knowledge. A lot of variants understanding of the subject and object of genealogy is to find the most appropriate methodology for studying the genus, so that science can be regarded as one of the areas of Cultural.

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