Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

CULTURE STUDIES

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

RUSSIAN CULTURE AS A BASIS OF NATIONAL IDENTITY OF RUSSIANS

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers the problem of determining the national and cultural identity of Russians, which becomes the main condition for the development of the modern state, the formation of civil and national unity. If the ethnicity of a person is determined by his/her birth, a nationality, then national and cultural identity implies an awareness of belonging to a national culture. In Russia, the Russian culture is such a culture, historically acting as a unifying principle, a center of spiritual and cultural attraction.

Read More

SOCIOCULTURAL CONDITIONING OF CREATIVE INTENTIONS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF LIFE AND WORK OF REALIST WRITERS OF THE MIDDLE OF THE XIX CENTURY)

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

One of the less studied sociocultural determinants of artistic creativity is considered in the paper – the impressions received by future writers in the sensitive periods of personal development, which came into force and were important for impressionisms. A specific biographical material was used in the paper. The analysis of the essays of life and works of realist writers of the middle of the 19th century is carried out: I.A. Goncharova, I.S. Turgenev, N.A. Nekrasov, A.N. Ostrovsky. The sociocultural conditions for the formation of the creative intentions of realist writers in the mid-19th century are described in the paper. Impressions are considered as sociocultural determinants of the artistic creativity. The situation in the life of I.A. Goncharov, I.S. Turgenev, O.N. Nekrasov and A.N. Ostrovskiy, influenced the future choice of literary creativity as such and the key theme of creativity — the topic of the people. It is shown that the impressions were bright, positive and negative impressions from communicating with ordinary people in childhood and adolescence. Strong impressions received by future writers in sensitive development periods become sociocultural determinants of their literary creativity in future: they contribute to the development of creative abilities and to a large extent determine the thematic focus of creativity.

Read More

PROBLEMS OF PERCEPTION OF SACRAL AND UNIQUE NATURAL PLACES OF YAKUTIA BY YOUTH

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the study of young people’s perception of the sacral and unique natural places of Yakutia. The level of knowledge (veneration) of modern youth about the sacral (sacred) and unique places of Yakutia, the attitude to the problem of their preservation in a constant form is considered. The results of the study, which made it possible to establish the growth of youth’s interest in the sacral (sacred) and unique places of Yakutia, are described. The survey was conducted in December 2016 among young people in Yakutsk. Based on the conducted research, proposals to increase interest in sacred and unique natural places of Yakutia among young people were formulated.

Read More

“SO MANY CITIES SO MANY CHRONOTOPES”. SPATIAL-TEMPORAL DIAGNOSTICS OF THE CITY

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

According to the authors, chronotopy of the city is the systematization of urban ideas about space-time. Chronotopy includes such sections as: 1) “time-place”: historical and philosophical ideas about the past of the city and “genius loci” figures; 2) “profundity” and “turnover” of everyday life; 3) “designing” and “globalization” in the interpretation of the place and time of development of a city.

The concept of “chronotope”, used primarily for the analysis of artistic texts (M.M. Bakhtin et al); as well as for diagnosing typical educational or medical spaces (A.A. Ukhtomsky) is reconsidered. The relevance of the author’s concept is that the chronotope of the city, the notions of the meaning of place and time are included in the basic norms and values of citizens. The results of research of the city’s chronotopy are necessary for both politicians, and urbanists, and culturologists.

Read More

VISUALIZATION OF LITERARY TEXT IN MUSEUM EXPOSITION SPACE

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article is dedicated to the study of the essence and prospects of using the culturological approach to visualizing texts of a literary work. The author identifies and describes the main approaches in understanding the visualization of the literary text. The article describes the experience of the F.M. Dostoyevsky Literary-Memorial Museum and the visualization of the literary text of the novel “Crime and Punishment” within the framework of the exhibition project “Investigate all the Issues in this Novel,” dedicated to the 150th anniversary of the novel, which was held in the museum in 2016. The author of the research made an attempt to trace the main methods of text visualization in the exhibition space and came to the conclusion on the effectiveness of the text visualization method as a tool for representing the diversity of interpretations of the literary source in the museum space.

Read More

PECULIARITIES OF BEHAVIOR OF CHINESE WHEN DOING BUSINESS WITH FOREIGN PARTNERS

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

This article examines the main and most common models of Chinese behavior when doing business with foreign partners. The article includes an introduction to the traditions of China, this knowledge will allow Russian businessmen to understand the mentality of the Chinese people and develop a strategy of behavior when concluding contracts with Chinese partners. Particular attention is paid to the process of communication with the Chinese, due to cultural characteristics and age-old customs. The data obtained during the research can have practical significance for those who study Chinese language, international relations, the theory of intercultural communication.

Read More

ONTOLOGICAL PROBLEMS IN THE WORKS OF A.S. PUSHKIN: PHILOSOPHICAL AND CULTURAL ANALYSIS

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

In this study, the author made an attempt to comprehend the idea of existence in the works of the outstanding Russian poet, A.S. Pushkin. The general philosophical methods of synthesis and analysis, as well as the methods of cultural and comparative analysis, served as the methodological basis of this study. The ontological problems of Russian literature, like all the Russian literature in general, are deeply religious and should be studied in the context of the Orthodox dogma. As a result of the research, it was revealed that existence in the works of A.S. Pushkin is understood as a unity, founded by the Divine Law.

Read More

TRADITIONS OF DIALOGUE IN RUSSIAN AND EUROPEAN CULTURE

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The author analyzes traditions of using dialogue as a means of communicative interaction of two equal consciousnesses, aimed not only at discussing and solving problems, but also at the development of the participants themselves. Emphasizing the longstanding experience of forming the positive role of the dialogue in European public practice, the author discusses the reasons for the insufficient development of this cultural and historical phenomenon in Russia based on the specifics of the Russian socio-cultural context.

Read More

MORDOVIAN FOLK TALES AS ACOMMUNICATION TOOLS OF ETHNO-MEDICINE OF MORDVA

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

Ethno-medicine is an important element of folk knowledge. The transfer of accumulated experience in this area takes place through various communication tools, including through folklore texts. In this article, Mordva (Moksha and Erzya) fairy tales are considered as a source of ethno-medical information. They contain the views of the Mordva on the causes of diseases, recommendations for their prevention, medicines and techniques. Original texts are also considered sources of relevant terminology.

Read More

STUDENTS OF SAKHA ON ETHNIC ELEMENTS IN MODERN CLOTHING

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the study of the students’ attitude to the elements of national culture of the Sakha people in modern clothing. The survey was conducted in November-December of 2016 among the students of Ammosov Northeastern Federal University. Such clothes provoke the youth’s interest to the culture of the people. We conducted a review of young manufacturers of clothes and accessories with the elements of Sakha people culture. As a result, recommendations for the promotion of fashionable clothing with ethnic elements among young people were made.

Read More

SPORTS IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA AS A TOOL OF STATE IDEOLOGY

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the main features of using sport as an instrument and an integral part of the state ideology of modern Russia. The authors analyze a number of examples, substantiating the relevance of this subject; show the role of sport in Russia’s foreign and domestic policy. Special attention is paid to the analysis of contemporary problems in the area of building state Russian ideology. The results of the research can be used to select approaches to the formation of the main directions of state policy in the area of ideological and patriotic education.

Read More

THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF INTERACTION OF LOCAL AND NATIONAL IN A MUSEUM AS THE CULTURE SUBSYSTEM

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the solution of the problem of spiritual values translation in a museum of a city history through the national and local cultural heritage, tangible and intangible. Museums of a certain geographical place serve as original centers for studying, preserving and presenting the heritage of a certain territory. Such museums interpret the history of this place; represent the material and spiritual part of the national cultural heritage. In other words, we can talk about the system and the subsystem, about the relationship of a part and a whole, local and national. It is such a kind of a museum that distinguishes that dialectical interconnection and interaction with the so-called “genius of the place”, with its cultural heritage.

Read More

MUSEUM CULTURAL EXPERIENCE TRANSMISSION IN THE SYSTEM OF CULTURE (EXEMPLIFIED BY THE MUSEUM OF KHABAROVSK HISTORY)

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The aim of the article is to identify an effective form of cultural experience transmission for a museum of the city history in the regional culture system of the Russian Far East. Analytical study and search for the most effective form of transmitting spiritual and material values is the main reason for our research. Today, the museum becomes an economic offer on the market of cultural and educational services, which leads to the rethinking of traditional “three whales” the museum stands on (document theory, theory of thesaurus, theory of communication) in modern society.

Read More

COSSACKS RELICS AS A PART OF RUSSIA’S REGIONAL CULTURAL HERITAGE (BASED ON LOCAL MUSEUMS MATERIALS IN VOLGOGRAD REGION)

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the problem of studying and preserving the cultural heritage of the Cossacks. The Volgograd region is multinational; it is characterized by originality and unique culture of the Don Cossacks. Not many important Cossack sights, landmarks, relics, regalia, and symbols have been preserved after the turbulent events of the socio-political and military history of the southern Russian border region. This makes every monument that has survived till nowadays invaluable. Many of them have been preserved by the efforts of museum workers and local history researchers with the active support of the local enthusiasts. Keeping relics and traditions of the Cossacks period, regional museums fulfill the mission of transmitting cultural heritage and preserving national memory and identity. The research was carried out on the basis of museum collections of the Volgograd Regional Museum of Local History and municipal museums in the Volgograd Region. The publication has practical application in the work of museums related to scientific attribution and interpretation of museum items, as well as in cultural and educational activities aimed at promoting the traditions of the Russian Cossacks.

Read More

OWNERSHIP SIGNS ON BOOKS OF MANOR LIBRARIES OF NOBLE FAMILIES BATHUSHKOVS AND VERESHCHAGINS

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the ownership signs on the books of the manor libraries of the noble families Batiushkovs and Vereshchagins. The work presents the information about the owners of book collections, the attempt is made to analyze the owner’s inscriptions. Autographs, litters, inscriptions of the book owners are the important additional source in the study of the collections from home libraries of Russian nobles families. They are of great interest and serve as a means for the complete restoration and understanding of the history and culture of the second half of the 18th century and the first third of the 19th century.

Read More

IMPACT OF THE INTERNET ON REPRESENTATION AND IDENTIFICATION STRATEGIES

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Authors analyze a modern language of communication in the Internet. Its features illustrate actual tendencies of changing in social interactions system and transformation of communication between groups (clusters) and individuals in the information culture. The article discusses an impact of new instruments of representation on strategies and principles of identification in modern situation. Authors present representation and Self-construction as inseparable processes and scrutinize them through a prism of actual phenomena of communication sphere.

Read More

MOTIVE OF DREAM IN THE NOVEL “DICTIONARY OF THE KHAZARS” BY M. PAVIC

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

This paper presents the images and the structure of “Dictionary of the Khazars” novel by M. Pavic. The Author of this study reveals that the classic of postmodernism, M. Pavic, uses a dream not only as a motive and artistic image, but also a literary writing as a whole, as well as literary and philosophical creativity in general he compares to a dream, since this state allows a person to make a breakthrough in the transcendental field. The observations and generalizations presented in the paper allow to understand artistic ideas and principles of M. Pavic and literary postmodernism more precisely.

Read More

EUROPEAN MODERN URBANISM. EMPIRE-STYLE RUSSIAN URBANISM. CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Deindustrialization of cities with a million-plus population, demunicipalization of urban economy has resulted in reduction in the living standards of large number of citizens, decline in the real incomes, and led to a struggle for existence which is constantly getting severe. The problem of urban poverty growth has lost a perspective of reasonable solution by means of further development of urbanism, which can result in a systematic dissolution of cities or a spontaneous pauperization and extinction. Was the disintegration of society predetermined to make a formation of communities, being small at first, and gradually increasing, happen in turn? What cultural type they will belong to? Is it possible to return to the city of Modernity or the Empire style epoch?

Read More

CULTURAL TRADITIONS PERSONAL OF BURYATS: ASPECTS OF HOSPITALITY

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

Cultural and community traditions of the Buryat people have been formed and asserted under the influence of certain socio-historical conditions. The study of culinary and domestic traditions of the Buryat people has not only scientific and cognitive value, but also practical significance. It is common among the Buryats to nurture love for their homeland, transfer knowledge about ancestry, share legends, traditions and myths with younger generations. Behavioral standards of the Buryats are closely linked to the accepted cultural and household behavioral models.

Read More

THE TRADITIONAL VALUES OF CHINESE MIGRANTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA

Posted in 2017, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article summarizes the results of a sociological study conducted to analyze the process of adaptation of Chinese migrants in Russia, in particular in the Republic of Buryatia. The author considers the preservation of traditional values of the Chinese society of migrants in the Republic of Buryatia. Summarizing the results, the survey, the author comes to the conclusion that the Chinese, outside China, are not interested in local traditions, customs and religions. They retain cultural differences, honor traditions and do not see the possible process of assimilation. But at the same time, quite peacefully coexist with the locals, i.e., successfully adapt in the Republic of Buryatia.

Read More