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CULTURE STUDIES

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

COLLECTION AND RECOGNITION OF FOLK RIDDLES OF KHMER CULTURE IN VIETNAM

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №8 (110) August 2021 | 0 comments

Folk riddles of Khmer ethnic group in Vietnam has long been considered a unique genre of folklore since it inherently contains the typical features of riddle namely intellectuality, lyricalness and humor. Additionally, Khmer riddles embody features of performance, knowledge source and folklore with unique regional imprints. The article presents the results of the author’s collection and summarization of Khmer riddles in Tra Vinh other localities with a huge number of Khmer people in the South through documents published in Vietnam. In light of this data source and the process of observing and practicing Khmer riddles in people’s life, the author generalizes the basic cultural values ​​of this genre. This article comes as the first study in Vietnam on the riddles of the Khmer residents in Vietnam.

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GIFT EXCHANGE AS ONE OF THE FORMS OF HUMAN SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №7 (109) July 2021 | 0 comments

In this article, the exchange of gifts is considered as one of the cultural forms of development of society, the characteristic features of which are analyzed on the basis of the works of A. Ya.Flier and M. A. Poletaeva. If an artifact is only a reproduction of the same cultural form, which is a set of characteristics that reflect the utilitarian and symbolic functions of each cultural object, in this study, the gift will be considered in a broader sense, where the set of functions of the exchange of gifts as a cultural form takes on special significance. The aim of the study is to identify the main functions of gift exchange and to trace their changes in pre-written and medieval societies.

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ON A REVOLUTION IN THE LIFE OF THE DAGESTAN POPULATION: HARBUK VILLAGE IRON STOVES

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №7 (109) July 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the development of new technologies in the Dagestan metalworking at the end of the 19th century (production of sheet iron stoves), expansion of the range of blacksmith and locksmith products. It is no accident that almost all the languages of Dagestan use the Russian words “pech” and “pich” (oven) to denote new heating devices that have appeared in everyday life. In Soviet times, when artels of folk craft were organized in the centers of folk crafts, they began to produce iron stoves for sale to the population. By the beginning of the 1960s, almost all the Dagestan villages used iron stoves for heating and cooking. Even today, iron furnaces are part of the interior of a living room called “pichla khjal” Many processes of the development of the furnace business are illustrated in the article with examples from the history of traditional crafts of the Dagestan blacksmithing center in Kharbuk.

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VIRTUAL REALITY AS A PROBLEM IN THE CONTEXT OF THE FORMATION OF AN INVOLUNTARY IMAGE OF THE WORLD IN COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №7 (109) July 2021 | 0 comments

The article examines the aspects of the dependence of the characteristics of collective consciousness on the activities of the media, analyzes the features of the image of the world that is formed within this collective consciousness. The author examines the phenomenon of the involuntary image of the world, the conditions for its emergence, the dependence of the formation of the involuntary image of the world, the strengthening of its role in the collective consciousness from the degree of inadequacy of the official image of the world, its immersion in virtual reality.

Methodology. The influence of mass media activities on mass consciousness in the context of media conditionality by political and economic factors is analyzed on the basis of the concepts of virtual reality. Baudrillard, “post-truth” of Yuval Noah Harari, media studies by P. Champagne and A. Moles. The study of the spontaneous effects of mass media on mass consciousness is carried out within the framework of the analysis of collective consciousness as a sovereign integral system that develops on the basis of its own laws, the continuity of cultural and historical experience, and cultural values.

The paper puts forward the following hypothesis: increasing intensity of unofficial information channels and the intensity of the circulation of rumors is evidence of the inadequacy of the legitimate image of the world, the increasing polarization of collective consciousness and the spread of a spontaneously organized involuntary image of the world, uncontrolled and largely opposed to the institutions of power. The involuntary image of the world is a manifestation of the sovereignty and substantiality of collective consciousness. The relevance of the study lies in the consideration of mass consciousness as a sovereign entity, which in the long term is not subject to manipulation technologies and modelling attempts of the given representations in the collective consciousness based on an artificial image of the world, virtual reality.

The work is based on the research of the phenomenon of the image of the world by A. Makovsky, A. Stetsenko, V. Petukhov and V. Rozin. The study focuses on the features of the collective consciousness of Russian society in the transition period to capitalism in the 90s of the 20th century. It also provides estimates of the collective consciousness of this period by Russian researchers and politicians.

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ON THE ISSUE OF THE CORRELATION BETWEEN CULTURE AND CIVILIZATION

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

This paper examines the relationship between culture and civilization. The comparison of the external manifestations of civilization and culture is a common form of presenting these problems that reaches the point of completely mixing these concepts, as a result of which the authors often even proclaim the “clash of civilizations”. The distinction between the concepts of civilization and culture is indeed a very complex matter and even A. Schweitzer failed to fully separate them. Although there is an internal connection between civilization and culture aside from incompatibility, they do not coincide with each other. Civilization determines the way of human existence as well as the content of the cultures of its time. However, the peculiarity of culture, in contrast to civilization, is that it is associated with forms of not only productive, but also creative activity. The culture associated with the forms of productive activity does not need special consideration, since it is quite clear that it assumes the creative activity of a person only on a limited scale and in a limited time.

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THE ANGLO-SAXON IDEA AS THE BASIS OF THE CULTURAL IDENTITY OF THE INHABITANTS OF THE BRITISH ISLES

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the Anglo-Saxon period in the history of England, touches upon the problem of using the term “Anglo-Saxon”, and explores the ethnic composition of the inhabitants of Great Britain before and after the Norman conquest. The study examines the processes of assimilation that took place on the territory of the British Isles during the Middle Ages. Attention is focused on the ability of the Anglo-Saxons to assimilate other peoples such as the Normans (the French) and Scandinavians. The article also traces the processes of interaction between Celtic, Roman, Germanic, Scandinavian and Norman cultures as well as the influence of the Latin, Old Norse, French and Celtic languages on the language of the Anglo-Saxons. Also, the author analyzes the factors that influenced the formation of the cultural identity of the English while paying special attention to the process of Christianization of the Anglo-Saxons, linguistic aspects, literary works, and the role of intellectuals in the formation of the national English culture. The article deals with the problem of the changing image of the Anglo-Saxons and the representation of Anglo-Saxon ideas in different historical periods.

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SHAMANIC RITE OF ASKING THE GODDESS AJYYHYT FOR THE SOUL OF A CHILD IN THE RITUAL CULTURE OF THE SAKHA PEOPLE: TRADITIONS AND MODERNITY

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The current article examines the shamanic rite that stimulates procreation, asking for the soul of the child from the goddess Ajyyhyt. This rite is a part of the ritual culture of the Sakha people and relates to a person’s life cycle. The rite of asking for the soul of a child from the goddess Ajyyhyt is considered in the comparison of traditions with the facts of modern times. The authors conclude that in the works of early researchers, the goddess Ajyyhyt acts as a mediator for asking for the child’s soul between the supreme deity Yuryung Aar Toyon and the shaman. As of today, this functional affiliation of Ajyyhyt has changed.

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ON THE ROLE OF FAMILY LEISURE IN STRENGTHENING FAMILY RELATIONS IN HEALTH RESORTS

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The current article examines the positive value of family leisure in health resorts (sanatoriums). An analysis of the content of the concept of leisure has shown that this is a very important process in a person’s life. Well-organized free time not only during a stay in health resorts but also in everyday life helps relieve moral tension, makes up for the lack of live communication, promotes personal growth, etc.

The institution of the family is one of the most important formations of society and culture. Formed family relationships have a number of positive or negative consequences for society. A well-organized vacation will have a positive impact in restoring family function.

The study emphasizes the importance of joint recreation in a sanatorium resort institution and highlights the importance of content and cultural and leisure programs for meeting the needs of all family members. Using various forms and methods of conducting leisure programs helps to strengthen team spirit, fulfills the physical and spiritual needs of each family member, and also helps to learn and accept each other’s positive and negative qualities.

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DETERMINANTS OF CULTURAL IDENTITY IN THE ORGANIZATION OF THE LIFE OF THE RUSSIAN VILLAGE

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №5 (107) May 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the identification of the aspects of the cultural identity of 19th century Russia reflected in wooden architecture and objects of decorative and applied art. The article examines the main determining factors of the Russian mentality and their influence on the characteristics of life in the Russian village, distinguishing three key characteristics of the mentality: the first is associated with the peculiarities of the internal organization of a person, the second is connected to the characteristics of the natural environment and its resources, the third — with the specifics of activity and ethics, cultural and social norms. Each of these characteristics defines the selected determining factors. The study concludes that their sum leads to the formation of specific features of the Russian mentality.

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COURTLY LOVE INSTITUTE IN SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXT OF MIDDLE AGES

Posted in 2013, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue October 2013 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of courtly love institute in the social and cultural context of the Middle Ages. Untraditional interpretation of the phenomenon completes the academic views which prevail nowadays in history and cultural studies concerning the courtly love institute and women’s role in the Middle Ages. Unconventional cognitive approaches to the study of courtly culture have a potential attractiveness for the ideologists of Women’s Liberation Movement and can be used all the scholars working in the appropriate scientific fields.

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AHMET AĞAOĞLU’S CULTURAL ACTIVITIESIN THE CONTEXT OF MODERNIZATION PROCESSES

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

The article highlights the cultural activity of Ahmet Ağaoğlu in the context of modernization processes. Since the nineteenth century, the lag behind the social and cultural dynamics of the era in the countries of the East was solved through reforms. Ahmet Ağaoğlu plays a special role In the formation of the ideology of modernization of the Turkic world and Azerbaijan. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the process of modernization of Turkish society manifested itself in the policy of Westernization. The relevance of the topic lies in the analysis of the journalistic activity of Ahmet Ağaoğlu, which reflects the evolution of his cultural, scientific, and social views. The study uses a descriptive-comparative method. At the end of the article, the author concludes that if Ağaoğlu’s early views insisted on the importance of conformity of the Muslim world as a whole and the Muslim woman in particular to the dictates of the time, its modernity; in his later work, however, “Tri kultury” (The Three Cultures) he was a radical follower of the idea of Westernisation and the rejection of outdated values of the Muslim world.

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CREATIVE HERITAGE OF M. A. SHOLOKHOV IN THE POST-SOVIET CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

The article examines the influence of the creative heritage of M. A. Sholokhov on the development of national literature that was part of the literature of the Soviet Union. The article presents a brief review of the research on the nature of the influence of the Russian writer’s work on particular Soviet literature. According to the researchers, the work of M. A. Sholokhov was the starting point for the formation and development of national literature. In this regard, the author of the article focuses on the concept of “dialogue of cultures” on the subject of M. A. Sholokhov’s creative heritage. The dialogue of cultures is the most appropriate form of interaction and mutual enrichment of each of the cultures while avoiding feeble imitations and direct borrowing. This concept is widely elaborated on in the works of the culturologist and literary critic M. M. Bakhtin. After the collapse of the USSR, instead of being subjected to a major reassesment, the creative heritage of M. A. Sholokhov acquired new meanings, answering the emerging acute social issues. The task of updating the interest in the heritage of M. A. Sholokhov in the environment of the new generation is handled by the National Sholokhov Museum-Reserve created with the aim of perpetuating the memory of the writer and popularizing his legacy. The article analyzes the activity of the Museum-Reserve, which acts as a successor to the values, civic position of the writer and is a modern platform for the dialogue of cultures. It also conceptualizes the function of the museum associated with the preservation and integration of the writer’s creative heritage and the Cossack culture in the modern sociocultural space is comprehended. The museum-reserve resists the process of globalization as a place of concentration of spiritual and material values, an open platform for interaction of various social institutions.

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RECONSTRUCTING THE CHINESE IDEA OF FATE THROUGH PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

Understanding the national and cultural characteristics of the perception of the world by other peoples makes a significant contribution to the success of intercultural communication. Phraseological units of any language reflect the linguistic worldview of its people since they consolidate the experience of many generations and are a national heritage. The Chinese language tends to be figurative and aphoristic, therefore the phraseological units of this language allow for the reconstruction of this nation’s ideas about the world through uncovering concepts. This article discusses the identification and description of the characteristic features of the concept of fate common in Chinese society. The analysis of phraseological units that represent the concept of “fate” in the Chinese linguistic environment allowed the authors to identify three groups of phraseological units that reflect the predestination of fate, the inability to resist or influence it, but only when it is ordained by a higher power. This understanding of fate corresponds to the Chinese philosophical tradition.

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THE IMPORTANCE OF A DACHA IN THE LIFE OF A MODERN CITIZEN

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The article deals with a dacha (Russian summerhouse) as a phenomenon of the modern Russian sociocultural reality. The author traces the evolution process behind the dacha in the history of Russia, paying attention to its main meanings in various periods, including the Soviet and Post-Soviet eras. While initially these houses were a symbol of the favor of authorities, later they became a symbol of the urban middle class, later — the new elitism of the Soviet era, and in the 90s — a sign of prosperity and wealth. The Russian dacha has become a common cultural phenomenon. At first, it served its purpose as a place of pastime for the aristocrats, in the second half of the nineteenth century it turned into a literary and artistic salon, and in the difficult twentieth century it became the main solution for the food problems of citizens. Having studied the transformation of the cultural meaning that this phenomenon underwent in the last decade, the author shows that the dacha again seems to indicate a place of rest, solitude and independence. By going to their dacha, the modern citizens, including the Khabarovsk residents, escape from the city with its exhausting rhythm, and thereby seeks to “slip away” beyond its control, returning to nature, their “roots”, informal communication and their true existence. The memories of Khabarovsk residents and the 2020 Khabarovsk city press publications served as the main source of materials for the study.

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SPIRITUAL, CULTURAL AND HISTORICAL HERITAGE, A RESOURCE FACTOR FOR A BREAKTHROUGH IN MODERNIZATION

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The theme of the uniqueness of the Tatar culture to this day retains its relevance. The article provides a brief analysis of the definition of the spiritual and cultural-historical heritage and its role in the formation of the spirituality in modern society. The study examines the problem of preserving cultural heritage using the “Tatarochka” international competition as its basis. Based on the long-term experience of participation and interaction in international competitions, the author identifies and analyzes the pedagogical conditions focused on the development of value orientations of a Citizen of the World and a patriot of their Homeland. It is noted that in the twentieth century, traditions practically begin to disappear along with the transformation of the traditional way of life while culture acquires a market value measured by efficiency. At the same time, modern popular culture allows to preserve and broadcast artistic epic traditions in mass leisure activities. The analysis allows for the presentation of festival movements as a modern sociocultural practice of aesthetic development and preservation of the epic heritage of the Tatars.

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ON THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE KANSK LITERARY MUSEUM OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The current article discusses the ability of museums to respond to the global challenges of today. Museums are one of the most democratic institutions available to all groups of society. The study touches upon the problem of preserving the literary centrality of Russian culture in the context of digitalization, visual turn and social distancing. The traditional affinity of Russians towards literature and the authority of writers endow literature with significant potential. Literary museums possess the opportunity to educate and strengthen national and cultural identity, as native literature helps to acquire and form a national identity. The Russian identity is based on the archetypes formed in the sphere of Russian literature, its regional component. Therefore, the literary museum in Kansk is important for Russia.

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THE IMAGE OF THE WORLD IN CONTEMPORARY ART IN THE CONTEXT OF CRITICISM OF J. BAUNDRILLARD’S CONCEPT OF THE END OF ART

Posted in 2021, CULTURE STUDIES, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

The article deals with aspects of the image of the world in contemporary art in the context of criticism of the concept of the end of art by J. Baudrillard.

The image of the world of contemporary art is the result of different processes: the ideologization, the absolutization of the role of the artist and the customer requesting the artwork and, on the other hand, deideologization: the return of art to the true reality, the artistic canon, and a classical aesthetic values and awareness of the importance of the historical experience of the development of art through new paradoxical art forms.

The study analyzes the image of the world of modern art not as an evidence of the crisis and disintegration of art into meaningless eclectic forms, but as a source of new paradoxical art forms that have a basis in the historical experience of the development of art, the creative freedom of the artist and a new rethinking of classical aesthetic values.

The methods of the research are based on a comparative historical analysis of the development of art in the context of criticism of the concept of virtual reality and Baudrillard’s “end of art”. The study is based on the works of R. Lorand, J. Baudrillard, F. Guattari, A. Danto and E. Gombrich in the aspect of the analysis of art as an integral system that develops on the basis of the continuity of the artistic canon and aesthetic values.

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TECHNOLOGY OF ARTISTIC FELTING AS A REFLECTION OF THE ECOLOGICAL TRADITIONS OF THE NOMADS OF THE SAYAN-ALTAI REGION

Posted in 2020, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue № 11(101) November 2020 | 0 comments

The article discusses the problem of preservation and development of artistic felting as one of the types of applied and decorative folk art of the Sayano-Altai region. This aspect is considered in the framework of solving the first task of the project, the aim of which is connected with examination of traditional methods of felt art from the point of view of ecological potential and cultural and economic development of southern Siberia, involving a historical and cultural analysis of artistic and technological characteristics of the felt art of the peoples of South Siberia (Altaians, Tuvinians, Khakass).

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HISTORICAL AND LEGENDARY HEROES IN THE MINDS OF CHINESE STUDENTS AS A MANIFESTATION OF NATIONAL CULTURAL HERITAGE

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the results of a study conducted among Chinese students and aimed at identifying the most popular images of historical heroes and legendary characters, manifesting national cultural traditions.

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A. LAVINSKY IN VHUTEMAS

Posted in 2014, CULTURE STUDIES, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article discusses the work of one of the representatives of the Russian avant-garde in VHUTEMAS Anton Mikhailovich Lavinsky. It describes the historical, cultural and social prerequisites for the establishment of a new method of teaching and its transformation in art education of Soviet Russia in the early twenties.

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