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БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

INFLUENCE OF 1-HYDROXY-1.1-ETHYLIDE DIPHOSPHONIC ACID ON THE BEHAVIOR OF RAT FEMALES IN “OPEN FIELD” AND “ELIMINATED PLUS MAZE” TESTS

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article presents data on the study of the effect of 1-hydroxy-1.1-ethylidene diphosphonic acid in a wide range of doses (from 5 to 200 mg/kg) on the behavior of female rats in the open field and elevated plus maze tests. The experiments were performed on 60 female Wistar rats. The results show that studied acid in the open field test at a dose of 150 mg/kg inhibits the locomotor activity, search and research behavior of the test animals, which indicates a sedative and anxiogenic effect of this dose of acid. These effects were reflected in a significant decrease relative to the control of the total distance by 49.06% (p≤0.001, n = 10) and the research activity of minks by 51.85% (p≤0.05, n=10). The “elevated plus maze” test showed a weak anxiogenic effect of 1-hydroxy-1.1-ethylidene diphosphonic acid at a dose of 150 mg/kg, which manifested itself only in a significant decrease relative to the control of the exit time of rats to the centre of the labyrinth by 79.35% (p≤0.05, n=10).

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INDICATORS OF CARDIORESPIRATORY SYSTEM OF RATS UNDER THE EFFECT OF BIS (2-PYRIDYL) -3- (1,2,4-TRIAZOLYL) PROPANE

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the study of the effect of bis (2-pyridyl-1,2,4-triazolyl-3) propane in doses of 5, 50, 100, 150, and 200 mg/ kg on the cardiorespiratory system of male and female rats. The experiments were performed on 84 Wistar rats (42 males and 42 females). It was shown that bis (2-pyridyl-1,2,4-triazolyl-3) propane (BTP) at a dose of 50 mg/kg has the most pronounced effect on the regulation of microcirculation, which was manifested in the increase of the activity of all factors regulating microcirculation. At this dose, it exhibits a hypotensive, vaso-relaxing and negative chronotropic effect. At a dose of 100 mg/kg, BTP exhibits hypertensive, vaso-constrictive, and positive chronotropic effects. It is likely that the presence of 1,2,4-triazolyl in the BTP molecule is crucial for the emergence of cardio and vaso-tropic properties.

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INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX OF DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGICAL FACTORS ON EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROCESSES OF MATURATION AND OBTAINING INTRAVIAL CAVIAR

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

This article describes the results of research work on pre-spawning maturing sturgeon fish. Based on the results of the studies, we determined spawning temperatures for fish under artificial wintering conditions in places with a closed water supply cycle, while the hydrochemical composition and quality of the water entering the system were studied. Hormonal stimulation of spawning by pituitary preparations and the total dose of the drug were determined as well. It was established that the best possible polarization coefficient of oocytes for the selection of manufacturers ranges from 0.05 to 0.15 Кп.

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USE OF SUPPLY OF AQUATIC BIO-RESOURCES RESOURCES FOR FISHING AND AMATEUR FISHING IN CHOGRAISK RESERVOIR

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article contains information on the supply of commercial fish species and commercial fishing. Data were obtained on the average number of amateur fishermen per 1 km of coastline and the total mass of fish caught. The materials on the industrial reserve of aquatic bio-resources in comparison with recreational fishing are analyzed. The estimation of the total catch of aquatic bio-resources is given in comparison with the recommended production volumes.

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FEATURES OF THE STRUCTURE OF COENOTIC POPULATIONS OF DACTYLORHIZA FUCHSII (DRUCE) SOÓ (ORCHIDACEAE)

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The ontogenetic structure of ceonopopulations of a rare representative of Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) Soó (Orchidaceae) was studied in the Samara region. Among the main factors limiting the increase in the number of species, it is worth mentioning the features of ontogenesis and anthropogenic stress. The basic ontogenetic spectrum is full member centered with a predominance of mature generative individuals (44.8%). The spectra of specific ceonopopulations studied are often different from the base and have a right-handed character. About 60% of ceonopopulations are aging, 40% are mature (with regard to the criteria of age and effectiveness of populations).

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SPORTS AND FITNESS TECHNOLOGY OF ATHLETIC ORIENTATION. PROGRAM PACKAGE

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article considers the possibility of using sports and fitness technology of athletic orientation by people of different sex and age with the aim of arresting the syndromes of pathological conditions of the supporting-motor apparatus. The stages of the implementation of this technology are described in the paper. Parameters are given, the study of the dynamics of which allows judging the effectiveness of the training process. A program package is proposed aimed at optimizing the implementation of this technology. Specialists who plan and control the training sessions are identified.

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ANTIOXIDANT EFFECT OF SAFFRON ESSENCE IN CASE OF EXPERIMENTAL NEUROSIS

Posted in 2019, BIOLOGY, Issue № 10(88) October 2019, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The following paper is devoted to the study of the protective and prophylactic effect of saffron essence in the development of experimental neurosis by means of clarifying the nature of relationship between the corrective and antioxidant properties of saffron. It was revealed that the intensity of free radical lipid oxidation was adjusted after the introduction of saffron essence during the process of neurotization in pre-selected neurosis-like rats, while the restoration of the functional state of animals after the termination of stress exposure was accelerated.

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CHARACTERISTIC OF FROST RESISTANCE OF VEGETATIVE AND GENERATIVE KIDNEYS OF CHERRY IN THE CONDITIONS OF KRASNODAR REGION

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

Characteristics of vegetative and generative buds of plants of samples of cherry are provided in article left a condition of winter rest. Research of plant cells is executed by means of a microscope. Received information can be used at selection of perspective frost-resistant combinations.

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DEPENDENCE OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND RESISTANCE TO KOKKOMIKOZ OF SEEDLINGS CHERRY AND CHERRY HYBRIDS

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

In article reliable connection of stability to Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm.) is established with morphological features of cherry and cherry hybrids. The method of an express assessment of stability to Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm.) is offered. Development of methods of identification of stability of plants will allow to accelerate an assessment of genetic resources and to conduct basic researches when studying mechanisms of stability to Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm.)

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APPLICATION THE TESTS FOR MEASURING OF STUDENT’S KNOWLEDGE

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article consideres scientific approaches for concept of definition “the quality of knowledge”, we determined primary groups of chemistry tests and performances of its using at the chemistry and biology lessons.

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EFFECT OF OXIDATIVE STRESS ON HEMOSTATIC SYSTEM IN WISTAR RATS

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

Ionizing radiation is known to be one of the oxidative stress –inducing factors. High sensitivity to the stress, long-term retention of antioxidative status, high- intense lipid peroxidation are observed in rats with slight radiation-induced damage (8,9,10).

Response to any unfavorable exposure is caused by the adaptive syndrome, and the blood takes a key part, primarily in hemostatic system , in the development of this syndrome. Alteration of oxidative status may cause malfunction of hemostatic system.

The purpose of the research is experimental study of effect of prolonged and single exposure with low dose-rate on hemostatic system.

The task of research is to clarify the impact of oxidative stress on different chains of the hemostatic system.

The experiments were performed with the use of Wistar rats, male, with mass of 230-250 g. The study demonstrates that prolonged gamma-radiation at doses 4.8 and 490 μGy causes a rise of thrombogenic potential, which can be considered as risk factor of intravascular coagulation. Single irradiation with dose of 40 μGy causes retardation of the blood. Radiation hormesis is observed. After irradiation with dose of 200 μGy intrinsic mechanism of the coagulation activates , this may be caused by endothelial damage and displaying antithrombogenic potential for thrombogenic potential.

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MORPHOLOGY AND THE ANATOMY OF THE SEEDS OF RHODODENDRONS WITH THE INTRODUCTION INTO THE BOTANICAL GARDEN OF VORONEZH STATE UNIVERSITY

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The need for the anatomist- morphological study of seeds is caused by the specific variety of the plants drawn for the introduction and by the small degree of the mastery of their seeds. The knowledge of structure and structure of the covers of seed, anatomy and morphology makes it possible to establish the reasons for the difficult germination of seeds and to find the measures for its overcoming.

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SOME ASPECTS OF BRACHIFEROUS SPONGES LUBOMIRSKIA BAIKALENSIS (SPONGIA:LUBOMIRSKIIDAE)

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

This reasearch is aimed at studying and considering the morphology diversity of the thallus and spicules, as well as spread of branchiferous sponge forms of Lubomirskia baikalensis species; a comparative evaluation of sponges inhabiting at different depths and having different shapes is also carried out.

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GENETIC FACTORS LONGEVITY IN MEN AND WOMEN KABARDINO-BALKAR REPUBLIC

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

This article describes how to create a DNA bank of centenarians living in the territory of Kabardino-Balkaria, the study of peculiarities of allelic polymorphism of the cardiovascular system (gene ACE), associated with longevity, the study of the incidence of mutations in the type of insertions / deletions of angiotensinogen gene (ACE) women and men centenarians CBD.

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PARTICULATION OF PLANTAGO ATRATA HOOP. AND PLANTAGO MARITIMA L. SPECIES

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

Different methods of particulation of species Plantago atrata Hoop. and Plantago maritima L. have, been studies and it was discovered, that granulemetric composition and the lack of moistening of the soul lead to the splitting of the main root and caudex. Of cause the particulation of these species leads to the vegetative reproduction, but it is done without the rejuvenation of the particulae. But nevertheless it has an important adaptational meaning provides the prolongation of the life of species and keeping a special territory for these species.

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SYNTHESIS TECHNOLOGY NANOSTRUCTURED IODINE COMPOSITES

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The processes of interaction of iodide ions to polysaccharides by NMR spectroscopy, estimated nanodispersnymi yodbioorganicheskih compounds by laser nanostructure analysis.

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DEPENDENCE OF DISTRIBUTION AQUATIC AND COASTAL AQUATIC PLANTS FROM ABIOTIC FACTORS IN RESERVOIRS OF PERVOMAISKY RAYON (ALTAI TERRITORY)

Posted in 2014, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The paper considers the biological diversity of aquatic and coastal aquatic plants in reservoirs of Pervomaisky rayon, influence of abiotic factors (depth, water transparency) on their distribution.

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VEGETATION OF THE BULUHTA NORTHEASTERN LAKESIDE (VOLGOGRAD OBLAST)

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article presents data on the plant communities of the Buluhta salt lake north-eastern lakeside in Volgograd Oblast.

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THE RESEARCH DATA ON FLORA OF THE BULUHTA NORTHEASTERN LAKESIDE (VOLGOGRAD OBLAST)

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

This article provides an ecological and biological flora characteristics of the Buluhta salt lake north-eastern lakeside in Volgograd Oblast.

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SOME BIOLOGICAL CLEANING METHODS SOIL POLLUTION OIL

Posted in 2014, BIOLOGY, Issue March 2014, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article presents the results of studies of biodegradation of oil contamination of soil by using structure- substrates (carbonaceous substance). Examined the prospects of using the method of phytoremediation to clean of soil contaminated by petroleum. Received regularities reduce oil concentrations in soils over time using the bioremediation processes . Particular attention is paid to the definition of the initial concentrations of oil pollution of soil , reduced to a level the maximum permissible concentrations which is the achieved by bio- phytoremediation.

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