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БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

CORRECTION OF PHYSICAL HEALTH OF EARLY MATURE WOMEN BY MEANS OF FITNESS BASED ON HOT IRON™ SYSTEM

Posted in 2018, Issue №12(78) December 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The possibility of application of Hot Iron™ fitness training system in improving the physical health of women of the early mature age was experimentally confirmed in this research. The result of regular classes in this fitness program was a significant decrease in the fat component, while muscle mass simultaneously increased in women 20-35 years old: The exercises aimed at developing strength endurance contributed to a certain increase in the functional capabilities of the respiratory apparatus, namely, an increase in vital capacity of lungs, breath-holding time while inhaling and a pronounced increase in chest excursion. In addition, the positive dynamics of the physical performance of women, with the use of the test Rufe was revealed. As a result of regular Hot Iron™ classes, the physical fitness of the participants in the experiment significantly improved, a pronounced increase was revealed as the results of testing speed and strength endurance. Thus, it has been proven that regular exercises developing strength endurance contribute to the correction of the physique, increase the functional capabilities of the body and harmonize the physical development of women of the early mature age.

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PHENOLOGICAL FEATURES OF PANDEMIS CERASANA (RIBEANA) HBN. 1786 IN CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF KABARDINO-BALKARIA

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

This article describes the phenology of a previously unexplored species of the family of pandemic cerasana in Kabardino-Balkaria. It is determined under which environmental conditions some of the stages of the pest formation take place. The most vulnerable stage of the pandemic cerasana is identified. A full phenology of the pest will allow dealing with pandemic cerasana more successfully. The main damage is mainly caused by the second generation of caterpillars, as they are much more aggressive and longer. If there is enough time to fight the first generation with chemicals, it is might be as well possible to prevent the emergence of the second one.

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INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON THE PHENOLOGY OF FRUIT-TREESNOUT BEETLE RHYNCHITES BACCHUS L. 1758 UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF KABARDINO-BALKARIA

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The following article shows that it is necessary to study the phenology of each pest separately for a more successful protection of fruit crops from insect pests. The Coleoptera are the most poorly studied species of the entire class of insects, because it was considered that they did not cause much harm to industrial gardening. The phenology of the insect is poorly investigated, as all the developmental processes of the larvae take place inside the fruit. The period of egg laying and their birth are also poorly covered.

The purpose of the study is:

To experimentally determine under what conditions of the external environment one or another pest developmental stage takes place in the foothill zone of fruit growing in Kabardino-Balkaria.

To achieve the goal, the following tasks were set:

To determine the phenological characteristics of the pest in the study area.
To determine whether climatic factors affect the phenology of the pest.

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EFFECT OF HETEROAUXIN AND AMBER ACID ON GERMINATING ABILITY OF WHEAT SEEDS AFTER THEIR DURABLE STORAGE

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

There exists the problem of restoring the germination of unique samples, the viability of which has decreased during durable storage in the genetic banks of plants so that they cannot be sown directly in the field. In this work, the effect of heteroauxin (IAA) and amber acid on seed germination of five wheat samples from the VIR collection are investigated, the germination rate of them after 49–50-year storage has decreased to 3.8–47.1%. It is shown that IAA stimulates seed germination on two samples of soft winter wheat. The concentration of 2.5×10-7 M is particularly effective; it increases the germination of wheat seeds by 7.1-8.5%. It is also found that amber acid at a concentration of 5×10–4–10–3 M increases seed germination by 2.3–5.0% on the same samples. IAA or amber acid treatment in different concentrations of the other two samples of soft winter wheat and a sample of durum wheat either do not give an effect or give a negative and sometimes only a small positive effect. The ambiguity of the obtained result does not allow recommending heteroauxin and amber acid to restore the germination of seed samples after prolonged storage.

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OBTAINING BACILLUS PUMILUS DELETION MUTANTS FOR PROTEINASE GENES BASED ON CRISPR-CAS9 TECHNOLOGY

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

Deletion mutant of Bacillus pumilus bacteria with inactivated subtilisin-like proteinase (aprBp) gene was obtained with the help of CRIPSR-Cas9 genome editing technology for the first time. In the course of the work, vector (pToy1.4) was developed for the inactivation of the aprBp gene. It is shown that the efficiency of transformation of the obtained plasmid into B. pumilus cells is very low, which may be due to the presence of phages in the genome of this bacterium, the lack of competence genes, as well as large molecular weight of the developed vector. The strain with the inactivated aprBp gene is of interest for further study because of the fundamental role of this enzyme in B. pumilus cells, as well as in the production of homo- and heterologous proteins.

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PSYCHROTOLERANT BACTERIA OF COASTAL SOILS OF PRIMORSKY KRAI

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

89 isolates were singled out from the coastal soils of Primorsky Krai. 19 isolates were psychrotolerant and could grow in the range of 4–30 °C or 4–370 °C. Identification showed that five strains belonged to Kocuria genus, six strains – to Staphylococcus genus, two strains – to Bacillus and Pseudomonas genera, and one strain belonged to Carnobacterium, Escherichia, Serratia, Agrococcus genera. Their enzymatic activity at different temperatures was studied and it was established that the strains of Pseudomonas and Serratia have the highest spectrum at the temperature of 40 °C.

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PROPERTIES OF SOILS IN DEVELOPING TECHNOGENIC CATENAS OF PRIMORSKY KRAI (ON THE EXAMPLE OF PAVLOVSKY COAL DEPOSIT WASTES)

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article discusses current problems of determining the main features of soil formation on self-expanding tank wastes. For this purpose, tasks were performed to determine morphological and other properties of the soil. It is established that the main pedogenic transformations occur in the root zone. Transition horizons are difficult to determine during morphological study. This is explained, on the one hand, by the weak development of the processes, and on the other, by the high content of carbonaceous particles in the rocks that form the wastes. The distribution curve of the total organic carbon along the profile is of concave character with a sharp drop with depth (accumulative distribution type). As a result of the illimerization, the minimum content of the fraction of physical clay moves to deeper layers in soils of the subordinate elements of the landscape. At the same time, the content of the sludge fraction increases, which may indicate processes of not only physical, but also of pedogenic disintegration of the rocks composing the waste.

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PINE FORESTS OF THE NATIONAL PARK “CHIKOY” IN THE ATSA RIVER BASIN

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article studies forest communities in the river basin of the Atsa River on the territory of the natural district of Khentei-Chikoy highlands. The basin of the Atsa River enters the catchment area of the Baikal Lake. The purpose of the article was to summarize the materials of the inventory of flora of pine communities distinguishing rare and protected plant species of the river basin of Atsa. The main types of pine communities that occupy limited areas in the basin are described. Pine forests are located mainly on the southern, southeastern and southwestern slopes of the mountains in small fragments. Pine and rhododendron pine forests have the greatest number of species of vascular plants (about 90 species). Pine grass stands out (4 species) from the point of view of the growth of rare species listed in the Red Book of the Trans-Baikal.

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BIOCHEMICAL AND CYTOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF ABRAMIS (CYPRINIFORMES, CYPRINIDAE) GENUS

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The article contains information on the fractional composition of hemoglobin and karyotypes of the representatives of the Abramis genus. Electrophoretic species-specific hemoglobin is identified. The karyotypes of the studied species are given. Comparison of the results of biochemical and cytogenetic analyzes allowed estimating the degree of genetic differentiation of the Abramis genus. White-eyed bream is the most isolated position in the genus. For a number of indicators, it should be recognized as the most evolutionarily young species.

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NEW TECHNOLOGY OF PRESERVING THE COLLECTION AND MAIN FEATURES OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY OF TULIPS WITHOUT ANNUAL DIGGING BASED ON MANY YEARS’ EXPERIENCE

Posted in 2018, BIOLOGY, Issue №11(77) November 2018, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

We studied the possibility of cultivating the varieties and types of tulips of different origins without digging. The following varieties and types were considered: Three varieties from the garden group of Darwin hybrids – Yellow Dover, Beauty of Oxford, Beauty of Apeldoorn; Princeps from the Foster Tulips group; Little Princess, a hybrid of T. hageri Heldrelch and T. aucheriana Baker; late tulip T. tarda Stapf; tulip of Eichler T. eichleri Regel., tulip of Vvedensky T. vvedenskyi Z. Botsch. We have been taking into account the number of flowering and juvenile plants, their biometric characteristics, determined the number and mass of bulbs, recorded the attack of plants from diseases and pests for three years. It has been established that for the inclusion of tulips in the composition of combined perennial flower beds it is necessary to pay attention to the varietal and specific features. Preference should be given to varieties that are less sensitive to dry dormancy conditions (humidity and temperature during flowering), resistant to diseases, with an average coefficient of biological reproduction and with good growth energy of juvenile bulbs. For flowering uniformity in each year of the growing season, it is necessary, to use medium and small bulbs (or counting ratoon) in addition to large flowering bulbs. It is recommended to use the following types and varieties for long-term flower beds without digging: Late tulip – T. tarda Stapf; Wedenden Tulip – T. vvedenskyi Z Botsch., Little Princess hybrid and variety of Beauty of Oxford.

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