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ARTS

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

COMMONWEALTH OF ARTISTS OF CHINA IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CHINESE ARTISTIC CULTURE IN 1949-1957

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents a brief outline of the development of the Commonwealth of Artists of China from the time of its foundation to the reorganization in 1949-1950 and up to the beginning of the “100 Flowers” campaign in 1956. Large-scale social and political changes in the country and the policy of the Communist Party of China determined main trends in art and Chinese artists had to follow them. Three main artistic trends of the time included national painting (guo hua), mass art and oil painting, created under the influence of Soviet art. Depending on the situation, each of them went to the forefront of China’s artistic life in 1949-1957.

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INFLUENCE OF INTERNET CULTURE ON MODERN PRINTS IN CLOTHING

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The characteristic features of postmodern visual language in modern fashion prints are considered in the article. The Internet-aesthetics or display aesthetics has a huge impact on its formation and content. The symbols of mass culture, reproductions of works of art, photos of celebrities and insignificant inscriptions adjoin each other on web pages and form a heterogeneous and motley canvas, which is then transferred by designers to fabric and weaves into the everyday appearance of people. The eclecticism, citation and irony, chaotic mixing of true taste and kitsch are the key principles of this form. The considered visual language becomes a kind of communication between people, consumers and fashion, free creativity of the Internet space and professionalism.

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CHRONOTOPE OF THE ACT

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

At the very beginning of his work “Form of Time and Chronotope in the Novel,” M. M. Bakhtin draws the lines of his literary research and does not consider the chronotope in other cultural fields. This makes the look at the chronotope from the point of view of natural sciences, dialectical philosophy, psychology, semiotics, theatrical business, the baroque theory of affects particularly interesting. It assure us that the chronotope is a point of existence, where time, space, energy, meaning, will and “the responsibility of an actor and person for the relevance of the game, because the whole game altogether is a responsible act” are converged. Thus, the chronotope closes at the point of an act (the reverse is obvious).

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ACTUAL COMMUNICATION: TYPOLOGY OF INTERACTION IN THE SPACE OF THE MUSEUM OF MODERN ART

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the comprehension of various types of communication in the space of the Museum of Modern Art, which introduce new forms of dialogue and communication between the visitor and the object of art. The issue of the formation of modern art in the context of an art history is discussed. It is shown that the emergence of new types of art works forms the creative thinking of the spectator. The author comes to the conclusion that actual artistic practices develop in the context of a multicultural approach, which is characterized by synergistic, dialogic and communicative aspects.

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CHESTPLATE AS AN INTEGRAL COMPONENT OF THE BASHKIR PEOPLE’S COSTUME (TERRITORIAL DIFFERENCES, SEMANTICS AND WAYS OF DECORATING)

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of the research is to study the functions and options for the chestplates as an important component of a folk costume, which helps to present a costume as a single artistic system. In addition, separate links of this accessory with the elements of decoration of the traditional interior of a Bashkir dwelling are established. The tasks solved in the article include finding territorial differences of chestplates and the influence of natural and geographical factors and the way of life on these distinctions, and considering symbolic and artistic functions of chestplates and their role in creating a complete appearance of the costume complex. Practical purpose of the research is to deepen the notion of the Bashkir folk art with the help of a chestplate as one of the main components of a costume.

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ON SYNTHETIC REPEAT IN TCHAIKOVSKY’S “NEW DOLL”

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The aspect of through development realized by compositional means is emphasized in the process of applying traditional criteria of the domestic theory of simple forms to the composition of Tchaikovsky’s play. The interaction between structural and compositional, motivational and intonation, harmonic, texture and a dynamic aspect of the development is shown in the paper. The essential role of compositional features in the embodiment of a musical image of the play is confirmed. Results of the research can be applied in the teaching of the analysis of musical works in the implementation of basic educational programs of higher education.

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MANIFESTATIONS OF THE PHENOMENON OF GLAMOUR IN OPERA PRODUCTIONS

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers one of the aspects of innovation of Opera directing at the end of XX – beginning of ХХ1века. The influence of the subculture of glamour on the nature of Opera productions, the Opera connection with the social context and the media. It is shown that the decrease in binding for Opera event density can be compensated by the brightness and unexpected visual effects . Affectation is achieved in Opera due to the density of symbols glamorous style. In this case, the drama and even the plot are secondary. In addition, Opera can not be considered solved in the tradition of glamour, if it has not received recognition and admiration in the elite circles, and if not successful in a commercial sense.

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RE-INTONATION OF FOLKLORE IN THE ASPECT OF INTERTEXUALITY

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The objectives of the article include the study of the main features of intertextuality in the system of musical and linguistic means of the composer’s folklore. Representative properties of two structural-semantic components of the folklore intertext, folklore genre intext and authorial stylistic context, are designated. Conclusions about their systemic connections are drawn. The nature of the emerging intertextual whole enables us to correct the existing theoretical ideas about the differentiation of simple and complex types of folklore re-intonation having a continuum in the musical and creative process.

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MODERN STREET ART IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

In this article, the author suggests using the term “urban art” to define a set of artistic activities in the public domain on the basis of socio-cultural and historical approaches. An attempt to systematize and concretize the manifestation of artistic activity in the public urban environment was made as well as to introduce the concept of “urban art” on the basis of cultural forms evolution, revealing its typology, the factors and principles of its formation. Modern tendencies of cultural and social principles of cultural forms shaping in the urban environment are discussed. As a result of the research, the evolution of socio-cultural reflection on works of urban art is determined with the help of the historical-evolutionary method. Urban environment is analysed from the perspective of the dynamics of its artistic appearance formation in social and cultural contexts.

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NATIONAL MUSICAL CULTURE OF THE LAST THIRD OF THE 20TH CENTURY IN THE CONTEXT OF POSTMODERNISM

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

This work is devoted to the analysis of artistic processes in musical culture of the last third of the 20th century. The author analyzes one of the fundamental principles of this historical period – the principle of dialogue which is present in musical works at various levels: style, genre, form, intonation. This stage of the historical development of musical art is considered by the author in the context of the philosophical trend of postmodernism.

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TO THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH DAY OF YULIYA LAZAREVNA VEYSBERG-RIMSKAYA-KORSAKOVA

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The author carried out the autobiographical study of the life and works of the composer, musicologist, music and public figure Yu. L. Veysberg-Rimskaya-Korsakova based on archival, historiographic and other encyclopedic materials. Her biography was reconstructed; the list of works, life chronograph and creativity were restored as well. The facsimiles and photocopies of compositions by Yu. L. Veysberg-Rimskaya-Korsakova were received, due to these documents her music pieces can be performed at concert stages in Russia and abroad. The figure of Yu. L. Veysberg-Rimskaya-Korsakova is put in the context of Russian musical culture at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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CONTAKION’S REPERTOIRE IN THE BOOK OF STICHERON “SACRISTAN’S EYE” FROM THE COLLECTION OF D. V. RAZUMOVSKY

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

Minaean Book of Sticheron “Sacristan’s Eye” from the collection of an outstanding scientist-medievalist D.Razumovsky (RSL, 379. No.63-66) is known both as a model example of an encyclopedic composition and as a poly-genre codices. It is a rare record of the Russian Sticheron book – contakion. As a result of the research, a repertoire of 57 contakions was found. Their basis is the texts written in honour of the new Russian saints – martyrs, beati, sanctifiers, right-believing princes and venerabili.

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CREATION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF CHINESE ARTISTS: HISTORICAL PREREQUISITES

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article examines some of the historical prerequisites for the creation of the Commonwealth of Artists of China in 1949. Commonwealth of Artists of China (which exists to this day) was not the first public artistic union; however, the conditions for the all-China association appeared only after the unification of China under the CCP. The commonwealth was headed by artists with academic education loyal to the CCP on the one hand (Xu Beihong, U Xiochen, etc.), on the other hand, artists-revolutionaries (Jiang Feng, Li Hua and others). Both groups rejected the idea of “art for art’s sake” and were enthusiastic to work for the good of the people.

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HARMONIZATION BY MODEL, VARIANTIONAL TRANSFORMATION AND WORK “IN STYLE” IN THE CHRISTMAS WORKS OF THE COMPOSERS OF THE NEW DIRECTION

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

This paper presents the variations for transformation of the singing canon in the works of composers of the New Direction. The study has revealed the points of force application of composers: chanting of troper and contakion for Christmas performs the function of refrains in the polyrefrain composition of the ordinance for Christmas. As a result, the author came to the conclusion that composers had different approaches to the processing of church chants, and that determined their style: in the work of A. Kastalsky authorship of compositions was achieved by the processing the ancient chants based on the given model – the canon in combination with the Old Russian folk-song tradition. The corresponding of melodics of spiritual and folk song traditions are demonstrated. The composer’s initiative of A. Arkhangelsky, N. Kompaneisky, P. Chesnokov, S. Smolensky, and A. Nikolsky came through in the rhythmic and melodic freedom of the archetype melodies due to narrowing and widening of the melodic formula, i.е. variational treatment of the singing canon. The creative method of G. Lvovsky and D. Allemanov manifestated itself in the use of author melodical and graphical formulas and their transformations “in the style” of the spiritual tradition. The use of monody heterophony techniques by composers should also be noted: octave unisonous, parallel movements, linear voices development, intrasyllabic singing.

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BIEDERMEIER. TO THE QUESTION OF BILDERUHR PHENOMENON

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The following article studies the object common for the Biedermeier era: A musical painting-clock called “bilderuhr.” Until now, there is no name for the group of these things, as there are no fundamental scientific studies dedicated to them. The purpose of this publication is to prove that both middle ground artists and highly professional masters, for example, such well-known Russian artist and landscape painter of the Romantic era as Grigory Chernetsov, were involved in their performance, hence “bilderuhr” is denied artistic merit for no reason at all.

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CHANTS OF THE ANCIENT OKTOECHOS IN THE STUDIO-ALEKSYEVSKY STATUTE

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of a study of the Studio-Alexievsky Statute of the 12th century according to the list of the GIM. Syn. 330 as a source of information about the repertoire of the chants of the Old Russian Oktoechos and the ways of their performing. The Statute, containing the incipits and full texts of hymns, allowed to attribute 72 hymns of the Oktoechos without taking into account sticheron and troper models. The lists of Oktoechos Izbranniy (the end of the XIII-XV centuries) were used as the lists of attribution. As a result there were revealed hymns of different genres (sticheron, canons and various kinds of troper), some of which had special performing instructions – the “sing” and “say” remarks.

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“ZELA” POSTIL IN DIVINE HOLIDAYS RGB. TSL. №450

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of the functioning of one of the earliest “zela” postils in the Old Russian divines, combining two lines of notation – the “Flag” and the “Kiev” one. The material of the study is the well-known list of chant book of Holidays from the collection of the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra of the Russian State Library No. 450. The repeated use of “zela” postil in one, stable meaning (editor’s or corrector’s mark, indicating the scribe’s error) can be regarded as a feature of this monument.

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THE CONTRIBUTION PRIVILEGED SOCIETY TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ACADEMIC MUSICAL CULTURE OF THE MINUSINSK: PAST EXPERIENCE

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the activities of the exiled Decembrists and other intellectuals of the Minusinsk the XIX – early XX centuries. On the basis of documentary and rare sources identified GAKK, Minusinsk state archive, Minusinsk museum of local history by named N.M. Martyanov, Minusinsk Drama Theater, as well as in a number of pre-revolutionary periodicals in the article reveals the importance of the activities musical and creative people not only for the artistic life of the southern part of the Krasnoyarsk territory, but also for the whole Siberian region.

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ORGAN TABLATURE P. ATTENYANA: THE HISTORY OF ORIGIN

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

This article is devoted to the early organ music books of Parisian music publisher Pierre Attenan (1531). In the domestic musicology these sheet music samples are studied superficially and stereotypedly. Therefore this essay is accentuated on the earlier unknown facts connected with the history and the reasons of origin of organ sheet music books. Also characteristics of the musical text including texture, rhythmical and harmonic features are given in this paper. Besides, the original fragments of organ sheet music collections of the 16th century are shown. The work also provides historical review of the period when the sheet music collections were created. As a result of this research was the discovery of the influence of organ compositions of Pierre Attenan’s music books on the further development of organ music in West European countries and especially in France.

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RESTORATION OF THE TOMB OF THE VIRGIN MARY DURING CRUSADES: REARRANGEMENT OR PRESERVATION OF ITS CONSTRUCTION

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

In this article the crusader restoration features is under consideration in case of the architectural appearance of aedicule which contains the Tomb of the Virgin Mary. The walls of aedicule were surrounded with blind arcade in which two entrances were located from the north and west. The arches of this arcade had slightly-lowered pointed form. Presumably at the level of capitals there was a sculptural frieze; higher on the facade there was a limbum with inscription. The end of the façade was decorating with cornice. The aedicule of the Assumption church in Gethsemane and the aedicule of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre were restored in one time together under the patronage of the Latin patriarch of Jerusalem Arnulf von Chocques. Both shrines were the first objects restored by crusaders. However the appearance of the Virgin aedicule created at the beginning of 12th century and reminded a church is almost lost now. Some architectural fragments of decoration were preserved. The reconstruction of crusader aedicule was created on the remained material. All of this can help in the definition of the main line of the crusader restoration works: rearrangement or preservation of the architectural construction.

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