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ARTS

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

NATIONAL MUSICAL CULTURE OF THE LAST THIRD OF THE 20TH CENTURY IN THE CONTEXT OF POSTMODERNISM

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

This work is devoted to the analysis of artistic processes in musical culture of the last third of the 20th century. The author analyzes one of the fundamental principles of this historical period – the principle of dialogue which is present in musical works at various levels: style, genre, form, intonation. This stage of the historical development of musical art is considered by the author in the context of the philosophical trend of postmodernism.

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TO THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE DEATH DAY OF YULIYA LAZAREVNA VEYSBERG-RIMSKAYA-KORSAKOVA

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The author carried out the autobiographical study of the life and works of the composer, musicologist, music and public figure Yu. L. Veysberg-Rimskaya-Korsakova based on archival, historiographic and other encyclopedic materials. Her biography was reconstructed; the list of works, life chronograph and creativity were restored as well. The facsimiles and photocopies of compositions by Yu. L. Veysberg-Rimskaya-Korsakova were received, due to these documents her music pieces can be performed at concert stages in Russia and abroad. The figure of Yu. L. Veysberg-Rimskaya-Korsakova is put in the context of Russian musical culture at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

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CONTAKION’S REPERTOIRE IN THE BOOK OF STICHERON “SACRISTAN’S EYE” FROM THE COLLECTION OF D. V. RAZUMOVSKY

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

Minaean Book of Sticheron “Sacristan’s Eye” from the collection of an outstanding scientist-medievalist D.Razumovsky (RSL, 379. No.63-66) is known both as a model example of an encyclopedic composition and as a poly-genre codices. It is a rare record of the Russian Sticheron book – contakion. As a result of the research, a repertoire of 57 contakions was found. Their basis is the texts written in honour of the new Russian saints – martyrs, beati, sanctifiers, right-believing princes and venerabili.

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CREATION OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF CHINESE ARTISTS: HISTORICAL PREREQUISITES

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article examines some of the historical prerequisites for the creation of the Commonwealth of Artists of China in 1949. Commonwealth of Artists of China (which exists to this day) was not the first public artistic union; however, the conditions for the all-China association appeared only after the unification of China under the CCP. The commonwealth was headed by artists with academic education loyal to the CCP on the one hand (Xu Beihong, U Xiochen, etc.), on the other hand, artists-revolutionaries (Jiang Feng, Li Hua and others). Both groups rejected the idea of “art for art’s sake” and were enthusiastic to work for the good of the people.

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HARMONIZATION BY MODEL, VARIANTIONAL TRANSFORMATION AND WORK “IN STYLE” IN THE CHRISTMAS WORKS OF THE COMPOSERS OF THE NEW DIRECTION

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

This paper presents the variations for transformation of the singing canon in the works of composers of the New Direction. The study has revealed the points of force application of composers: chanting of troper and contakion for Christmas performs the function of refrains in the polyrefrain composition of the ordinance for Christmas. As a result, the author came to the conclusion that composers had different approaches to the processing of church chants, and that determined their style: in the work of A. Kastalsky authorship of compositions was achieved by the processing the ancient chants based on the given model – the canon in combination with the Old Russian folk-song tradition. The corresponding of melodics of spiritual and folk song traditions are demonstrated. The composer’s initiative of A. Arkhangelsky, N. Kompaneisky, P. Chesnokov, S. Smolensky, and A. Nikolsky came through in the rhythmic and melodic freedom of the archetype melodies due to narrowing and widening of the melodic formula, i.е. variational treatment of the singing canon. The creative method of G. Lvovsky and D. Allemanov manifestated itself in the use of author melodical and graphical formulas and their transformations “in the style” of the spiritual tradition. The use of monody heterophony techniques by composers should also be noted: octave unisonous, parallel movements, linear voices development, intrasyllabic singing.

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BIEDERMEIER. TO THE QUESTION OF BILDERUHR PHENOMENON

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The following article studies the object common for the Biedermeier era: A musical painting-clock called “bilderuhr.” Until now, there is no name for the group of these things, as there are no fundamental scientific studies dedicated to them. The purpose of this publication is to prove that both middle ground artists and highly professional masters, for example, such well-known Russian artist and landscape painter of the Romantic era as Grigory Chernetsov, were involved in their performance, hence “bilderuhr” is denied artistic merit for no reason at all.

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CHANTS OF THE ANCIENT OKTOECHOS IN THE STUDIO-ALEKSYEVSKY STATUTE

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of a study of the Studio-Alexievsky Statute of the 12th century according to the list of the GIM. Syn. 330 as a source of information about the repertoire of the chants of the Old Russian Oktoechos and the ways of their performing. The Statute, containing the incipits and full texts of hymns, allowed to attribute 72 hymns of the Oktoechos without taking into account sticheron and troper models. The lists of Oktoechos Izbranniy (the end of the XIII-XV centuries) were used as the lists of attribution. As a result there were revealed hymns of different genres (sticheron, canons and various kinds of troper), some of which had special performing instructions – the “sing” and “say” remarks.

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“ZELA” POSTIL IN DIVINE HOLIDAYS RGB. TSL. №450

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of the functioning of one of the earliest “zela” postils in the Old Russian divines, combining two lines of notation – the “Flag” and the “Kiev” one. The material of the study is the well-known list of chant book of Holidays from the collection of the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra of the Russian State Library No. 450. The repeated use of “zela” postil in one, stable meaning (editor’s or corrector’s mark, indicating the scribe’s error) can be regarded as a feature of this monument.

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THE CONTRIBUTION PRIVILEGED SOCIETY TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ACADEMIC MUSICAL CULTURE OF THE MINUSINSK: PAST EXPERIENCE

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the activities of the exiled Decembrists and other intellectuals of the Minusinsk the XIX – early XX centuries. On the basis of documentary and rare sources identified GAKK, Minusinsk state archive, Minusinsk museum of local history by named N.M. Martyanov, Minusinsk Drama Theater, as well as in a number of pre-revolutionary periodicals in the article reveals the importance of the activities musical and creative people not only for the artistic life of the southern part of the Krasnoyarsk territory, but also for the whole Siberian region.

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ORGAN TABLATURE P. ATTENYANA: THE HISTORY OF ORIGIN

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

This article is devoted to the early organ music books of Parisian music publisher Pierre Attenan (1531). In the domestic musicology these sheet music samples are studied superficially and stereotypedly. Therefore this essay is accentuated on the earlier unknown facts connected with the history and the reasons of origin of organ sheet music books. Also characteristics of the musical text including texture, rhythmical and harmonic features are given in this paper. Besides, the original fragments of organ sheet music collections of the 16th century are shown. The work also provides historical review of the period when the sheet music collections were created. As a result of this research was the discovery of the influence of organ compositions of Pierre Attenan’s music books on the further development of organ music in West European countries and especially in France.

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RESTORATION OF THE TOMB OF THE VIRGIN MARY DURING CRUSADES: REARRANGEMENT OR PRESERVATION OF ITS CONSTRUCTION

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

In this article the crusader restoration features is under consideration in case of the architectural appearance of aedicule which contains the Tomb of the Virgin Mary. The walls of aedicule were surrounded with blind arcade in which two entrances were located from the north and west. The arches of this arcade had slightly-lowered pointed form. Presumably at the level of capitals there was a sculptural frieze; higher on the facade there was a limbum with inscription. The end of the façade was decorating with cornice. The aedicule of the Assumption church in Gethsemane and the aedicule of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre were restored in one time together under the patronage of the Latin patriarch of Jerusalem Arnulf von Chocques. Both shrines were the first objects restored by crusaders. However the appearance of the Virgin aedicule created at the beginning of 12th century and reminded a church is almost lost now. Some architectural fragments of decoration were preserved. The reconstruction of crusader aedicule was created on the remained material. All of this can help in the definition of the main line of the crusader restoration works: rearrangement or preservation of the architectural construction.

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EXPRESSIVENESS OF FORMS IN SCENIC ART: ART CRITICISM ASPECT

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the expression (expressiveness) as the art criticism problem that has been studied in works of native researchers S. M. Volkonsky and S. M. Eisenstein and has relevance for modern research in esthetics, art philosophy. The polysemy of expressionistic theories and specifics of expressiveness in scenic art is defined; relevance of the expressiveness problem in the Russian and foreign art of the XX century is demonstrated.

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THE EXHIBITION “ART DECORATION OF THE RUSSIAN PALACES OF THE 18TH CENTURY” IN THE ALEKSANDER PALACE IN 1946: TO THE QUESTION OF REVIVAL OF MUSEUM ACTIVITY IN SUBURBS OF LENINGRAD AFTER THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the history of the revival of Museum life in the suburban Palace and Park ensembles of Leningrad after the Great Patriotic War. Based on archival materials, the Author describes the first post-war exhibition of works of decorative art in the Alexandrovsky palace in Pushkin, which was the starting point for the further development of post-war exhibition activity in the museums-reserve. The practice of publishing guides and catalogs of temporary exhibitions was not typical for the suburban palaces-museums in the 40-ies of XX century. In this regard, this period of museum activities is not included in the actual scientific discourse.

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ABOUT COMPOSITE DIMINUENDO IN TCHAIKOVSKY’S PLAY “THE ORGAN-GRINDER SINGS”

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

In the course of consideration of the play of Tchaikovsky traditional criteria of the domestic theory of simple forms on the one hand and some criteria of the theory of the mixed forms with another are applied to her composition. Interaction of structural and composite, motivno-intonational, harmonious, impressive and dynamic aspects of development is shown, the essential role of composite features in the embodiment of a musical image of the play is confirmed. Results can be used in practice of teaching the analysis of pieces of music at implementation of the main educational programs of the higher education.

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FILM EDITING. HISTORICAL ASPECT

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The subject of this study is the film editing as a process and the method of artistic thinking. The comparative analysis was made between the statements of film directors, critics and art historians to study the development of ideas about the film editing as a means of artistic expression. The article describes the historical and aesthetic regularities of film editing’s development as art language and reflection of artistic way of thinking during the twentieth century.The article shows the diversity of research approaches and opinions about the specifics of film editing. Representations about the nature of film editing illustrated by examples from the practice of cinema classics. The extensive experience of cinema in the light of new audio-visual equipment summarized.

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FOLK TEXT AND MODAL-TONAL AUTHORIAL CONTEXT IN THE WORKS OF FAR EASTERN COMPOSERS

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

Native and emigrant folklore of the Russian Far East is at the center of constant attention on behalf of the composers of the region. At the end of the 1960s – 1990s folklore is reinterpreted in a complex authorial context, which is significant for the stylistic evolution of the Far Eastern composer’s folklorism as a whole. The article reveals specific modifications of the folklore text – diatonic modal invariant – in modern chromatic thinking. We have made conclusions about the preservation of original folk-modal parameters of the inverse image in individual works of a performer as a central organizing element of the twelve-modality.

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THE ROLE OF THE LENINGRAD GROUP “MITKI» FOR THE ARTIST PUBLIC ART BY NIKOLAY POLISSKY

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The study looks at the development of creativity of Nikolay Polissky from comic collective projects to deep in its contents monumental objects of public art and reveals the role of the “Mitki” for further activities of the artist. The purpose of the study was to identify the role of the underground group Mitki for the creativity of Nikolay Vladimirovich Polissky, an artist who creates public art and land art works since the late 90’s-early 2000-ies. It is also supposed to identify the vector of development of the artist’s work from the 1980s to the present day.

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ETHNO MYTHOLOGICAL IMAGES AND SYMBOLS IN DECORATIVE AND PLASTIC COMPOSITION “THE LEGEND ABOUT SIKHIRTYA”: THEORETICAL ASPECT (PART 2)

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

In this article ethnographic sources are considered: legends of Nenets in which are mentioned the mysterious people Sikhirtya. Influence of the ancient donenetsky population – Sikhirtya, is reflected in traditions of art culture of Nenets in a tendency of modern professional art of Western Siberia and Cisural area. Historical development of art ceramics as type of DPI, and also formation of main types of ceramics is analysed. Article will be useful to reading to students and professionals in the field of DPI.

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THE EVOLUTION OF THE GENRE-STYLE FEATURES MUSIC FOR DOMRA THE END OF THE XX CENTURY

Posted in 2017, ARTS, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

In this article highlighted some issues development of playing domra in the context of folk instrumental art of XX century; examined dominant genre and stylistic features original music for domra the end of the XX century; approved by the thesis about the prospects of development of domra as a «concert-academic» instrument; Sofia Gubaidulina composition analyzed through the prism of traditional and modern means of expressiveness in chamber music for domra end of the XX century. Claiming the idea that the development of domra, from his beginnings buffoonery to the professionalization finally took place in the last third of the XX century, developed the idea the deepening of figurative sphere and formation of a new timbre and sound dominant in chamber music for domra the end of the XX century.

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THE FORMATION OF THE NATIONAL SCHOOL OF THE CRIMEAN TATAR ART

Posted in 2016, ARTS, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

The article considers the key stages of the establishment of the national school of the Crimean Tatar art in the period 1910-1930. Key factors contributing to the formation of art schools as a separate cultural phenomenon the Study showed that these are art-industrial school, art and industrial College, the research centre for the study of the history and culture of the Crimean Tatars, the activities of some representatives of culture and art of the Peninsula, activization of exhibition activity in the Crimea and beyond. The study showed that in the interwar period the rise of Crimean Tatar art and revival of traditions through the organization of art education, the scientific study of objects of decorative art.

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