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ARTS

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

A. S. DARGOMYZHSKY’S “ESMERALDA” AS AN ORIGINAL EMBODIMENT OF THE FRENCH GRAND OPERA MODEL

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Issue №7 (109) July 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the principles of implementing the musical drama of the French Grand Opera at various compositional levels of Dargomyzhsky’s Esmeralda. The article examines the influence of M. Glinka and N. Kukolnik, as well as the reasons for appealing to the work of V. Hugo. The study examines the characteristic features of the Western European opera model and its individual interpretation by the Russian composer. Special attention is paid to the original means of expression, sometimes ahead of their time and developed in Dargomyzhsky’s subsequent works. His original handwriting is found in the solo, ensemble and choral scenes of “Esmeralda”, the use of characteristic harmonic and orchestral means, the organic implementation of the intonations of the Russian vocal lyrics.

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ON THE ISSUE OF ASCRIPTION OF A FRAGMENT OF THE FRESCO OF THE ANNUNCIATION CATHEDRAL FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE STATE HISTORICAL MUSEUM OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

This article analyzes the composition depicted on a fragment of the fresco of the Annunciation Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin from the collection of the State Museum of Fine Arts and provides a history of the reconstruction of the Annunciation Cathedral. The study examines all the references to this fragment of the fresco in the literature and its ascription. Due to a comparative analysis of the composition of the fragment with its contemporary monuments, it was possible to accurately determine the plot depicted on the fragment as the “Eucharist”, or rather the right part of it — “The Communion of Blood”. Clarifying the ascription of the fragment of the fresco of the Annunciation Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin from the collection of the State Historical Museum of Russia now allows to include it as an important monument for the study of the art of the 15th century, the altarpieces of this period as well as the development and existence of the iconography of the “Eucharist”.

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POETICS OF FANTASTIC IMAGES IN I. STRAVINSKY BALLET «FIREBIRD» (TO A QUESTION OF THE CONCEPT OF DIAGHILEV’S SEASONS IN PARIS)

Posted in 2013, ARTS, Issue October 2013 | 0 comments

The article reveals the aesthetic-semantic ideas of Russian folk tales, embodied in art and aesthetic concept of the early ballet I. Stravinsky «the Firebird». Traced the conceptual approach of the authors of the ballet to the reading of Russian folklore and interpretation of fairy-tale images. On the example of the incarnation of the main image works Firebird argues the creative concept of the Diaghilev’s theater as a synthetic art, connecting in one integral artistic image of music, painting and animated plastic.

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FROM THE HISTORY OF THE EXPORT OF DAGESTAN RUGS (FROM LATE 19TH- TO 20TH CENTURY)

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

The Dagestan art of rug making has been studied by many researchers; however, its export component remains poorly understood. For a long time carpets have been one of the most popular traditional products of the Caucasus abroad. Large-scale export of Dagestan carpets to Turkey, and from there to European countries, began in the late 19th century. In times of the Soviet Union, the state tried to resume the export of Dagestan carpets. The organization of carpet artels and the creation of export meetings contributed to the development of exports. The central authorities paid special attention to the Dagestan rug production in the post-war period. The carpets were sold abroad through the all-union foreign trade organization, Novoexport. Since the 1990s, the export of Dagestan rugs underwent rapid decline, which made discussing the prospects for its revival today quite difficult since there are acute problems with yarn dyeing, marketing, and even their design.

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THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPTS AND THE HISTORY OF EVOLUTION BEHIND CHINESE PAINTING

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The article analyzes the development of Chinese painting in different time periods. Since its appearance six thousand years ago, Chinese artistic creativity has undergone many changes under the influence of objective sociopolitical factors, this fact explains its uniqueness at the present stage of development of society. The article also examines the characteristics of works of fine art in the era of the ruling dynasties in the twentieth century and at the present time. The study pays particular attention to the analysis of the religious and philosophical canons that underlie the Chinese painting tradition. The analysis of historical and philosophical concepts and symbols in painting will allow not only to understand its nature but also to determine the further development trajectory of artistic skill in China.

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF SINGING TRADITIONS IN THE MODERN CHOIR PRACTICE OF THE VALAAM MONASTERY

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

The current article examines the spiritual relationship between the modern choir singing of the Valaam Monastery and the canonical singing of the choirs of the Athon monasteries. The study highlights the educational role of Valaam as “Northern Athos ” and examines the aspects of the emergence and development of the regional singing model of the New Valaam rules of singing within the common Orthodox tradition of Church singing at the turn of the twenty-first century. The research characterizes a distinctive feature of the choir singing of the brethren monastery choir: the organic union of the Byzantine ison and the Old Russian znamenny chant. The author of the article examines the creative contribution of Hierodeacon Herman (Ryabtsev) to the reconstruction of the New Valaam singing routine and the activities of Hieromonk David (Legeida), the precentor of the brethren’s choir at the present time.

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ALTAI HOUSE CARVING AS UNIQUE PHENOMENON OF TRADITIONAL NATIONAL CULTURE

Posted in 2013, ARTS, Issue 12(19) December 2013 | 0 comments

In article the remained decor of wooden constructions in the Altai territory, dated by the end of XIX – the beginning of the XX century is considered. The art criticism analysis of composite decisions and subject lines of carved platbands is given. Traditions of internal furniture of a log hut are characterized.

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HISTORICAL AND THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF DOMRA AND MANDOLIN PERFORMANCE

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

The present article updates the existing aspects in the field of mandolin and domra performance. The study presents them in the context of the formation of tools, as well as performing schools in the context of their common and distinctive features. At the present stage, these issues are of a polemical nature, thus the designated topic is included in the group of those topics that presents significance for the playing domra and mandolin and on folk instruments in general. The relevance of the topic can be found in an attempt to systematize the views on playing domra and mandolin in a historical context. The identification of performing schools, their functioning, and the identification of related features of existing schools demonstrate the problems found in domra and mandolin performance. The analysis of the stated problems makes it possible to assume that the mutual influence of domra and mandolin is necessary for the further functioning of folk instruments in modern instrumental music. The article develops a thesis on the formation of a new stage in the development and evolution of plucked string instruments.

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GENRE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WORKS OF CRIMEAN TATAR COMPOSERS OF THE 20TH CENTURY

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

This article substantiates the main factors that had a significant impact on the formation of creative personalities of composers in the 20th century Crimea. The study found a reflection of an organic combination of folk music with classical musical systems and elements of personal creativity in the musical language of A. Refatov, Ya. Sherfedinova, A. Kavri, I. Bakhshish, E. Nalbandov. The relevance of the article can be attributed to the fact that the works of the Crimean Tatar composers based on folklore have not yet been fully studied. Creative heritage is relevant for today’s Crimean Tatar culture, which can be explained by the frequent inquiry by modern performers and listeners.

The purpose of the article is to analyze and systematize musical creativity from the standpoint of genre development, refraction of national and foreign, to identify ideological foundations that have been expressed in the corresponding genres. To achieve this purpose, the research sets the following objectives: to study the musical heritage of composers; to identify the factors that have had a significant impact on the formation of their creative methods.

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THE NOGAI MALE WEDDING HEADDRESSES OF THE 19th AND THE EARLY 20th CENTURY

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

This article discusses the problem of studying and identifying the traditional features of male Nogai headdresses of various ethnographic groups used in wedding ceremonies in the period from the 19th to the early 20th century. For the first time from the standpoint of art history, on the basis of an extensive source base, the study determines the place of the groom’s headdresses in the “wedding outfit” system. The research conducts a comprehensive analysis of each item and discovers the principles of the shaping of the headdresses, methods of their fastening and wearing, manufacturing material, color palates, ornamental motifs and their symbolic meaning as well as the features of artistic design such as relevant regions, embroidery techniques, and types of textile braiding.

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THE CREATIVE HISTORY OF THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST COMPOSER UNION AND THE MUSIC SCENE OF THE REGION IN THE 1960S — MID 1980S

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The paper aims to recreate the social musical environment connected to the creative process of composers in the Russian Far East of 1960—80s. The study covers the organization of the creative process, and the staff issues of the Russian Far East composer union. The article demonstrates the structure and duties of the union, and defines its main directives that were handled under the guidance of its head – Y. Vladimirov. The study highlights the distinctive local features of composer education and its flawed nature. It draws attention to both the adjacent and directly connected elements such as local music performance tradition, concert and educational activities, and folklore studies. The paper concludes that all the listed social environment factors stimulate composing creativity.

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THE IMAGE OF A WOLF IN BURYAT FOLKLORE

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 11(101) November 2020 | 0 comments

The article discusses the semantics of the image of the Сhonos wolf in the traditional culture of the Buryats. The mythological image of the wolf is the subject of the Turkic and Mongolian legends, which reflect the sacred cult of the primal wolf forefather. The article contains a unique transcript of an audio recording of the shaman’s summoning (durdalg) of the tribal Chonos totem by the Western Buryats, Ekhirid, who moved to the Baikal-Kudarinskiy and Kabanskiy region of the Republic of Buryatia from Cisbaikalia in the XVIII century. The recording of the summoning performed by the tribal shaman Ermoev Ivan Vasil’evitch (1938-2014) was made by the author during the musical ethnographic expedition of the Institute of Mongolian Studies, Buddhology and Tibetology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the village of Korsakovo Kabansky district of the Republic of Buryatia in the summer of 2012.

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PECULIARITIES OF FORMATION OF THE SPECIFIC LANGUAGE OF THE OUTDOOR ADVERTISING

Posted in 2014, ARTS, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The article outlines the main criteria for the formation of the specific language of the outdoor advertising. The methods of transmitting information specific to this kind of artistic activity. Analyzed imaginative, artistic and psychological aspects of the formation of the language of modern outdoor advertising. Indicated the importance of studying the process of designing outdoor advertising.

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ON THE FOLKLORIC ORIGINS IN THE WORKS OF MODERN CRIMEAN TATAR COMPOSER FEVZI ALIEV

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

Works of Crimean Tatar composers are an integral part of the nation’s culture. Their new generation that came into view in the 1960s expanded the genre varieties of the national art of music. We shall pay attention to Fevzi Aliev, a well-known folklorist, the author of the “Anthology of Crimean Tatar folk music”, the creator of numerous songs and instrumental pieces (mostly for piano accordion). In 1996, by creating the song “Eminem”, he initiated the progress of Crimean Tatar pop music. His artistic creed is intimately bound with folk music, which he comprehensively disclosed in his works. Fevzi Aliev’s style is seen in the piano accordion suite “Toy aqşamı” (The wedding evening), consisting of two parts, “Ağır ava” and “Haytarma”.

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FEATURES OF ACTOR TRAINING IN ROMANIAN THEATER PEDAGOGY

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

The paper explores the origins of modern deformations in actor training in Romania. The author established a connection between the degree of Stanislavsky system mastering and the professional success of actors and directors of this country. We should note that the early period of this system implementation (the 50s-70s of the XX century) is generally recognized as the golden era of the Romanian theatrical art. The author emphasizes that the more pedagogy moves away from this time, the more it becomes chaotic, eclectic, and unproductive. The method of the Romanian director Kozhar, as a simplified version of the system, returned an actor to the way of amateurism, and the method of V. Spolin, which was replaced by Stanislavsky’s exercises, blocks the student from mastering the basics of psychological theater.

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CERTAIN FEATURES OF IMAGE PERCEPTION AND RECOGNITION

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

This paper provides an overview of some contemporary research areas in the field of perception and recognition of visual information. In this article different other works that deal with the peculiarities of perception are studied, including the features of how different viewers visually perceive works of fine art, how neural responses emerge in the brain. Different studies on the analysis of eye movement and its influence on the process of perception and recognition of faces and emotions are described. Some characteristic signs of eye movement when scrolling through the web pages, the effect of contrast and visual stimuli on people with color perception issues are presented. There are shown certain works on image and scene recognition using computer vision, the possibility of creating such systems for people with visual impairment. Moreover, the advantages of binocular vision are discussed. The research on the study of perception of visual illusions in diagnosing brain disorders is also presented, including the description of a “hollow mask” illusion.

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“HARLEQUINADE” BALLET BY RICCARDO DRIGO: HISTORY AND MAIN EDITIONS

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

The paper considers the production of the “Harlequinade” performance (“Harlequin’s Millions,” which is the central composition in its artistic journey in Russia. This ballet is one of the works of the Italian maestro, written in collaboration with the great choreographer of the second half of the 19th century, Marius Petipa. Based on archival materials and the publication of periodicals of the second half of the 19th century, the author has restored the chronology of this performance creation by the composer and analyzed the further history of Harlequinade, which has been successfully performed today on the stage of Russia and abroad.

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HISTORY OF BOOK ART IN RUSSIA

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

Researching the book art’s agenda serves to provide insights into the cultural and artistic value of this genre for modern national art space. The article looks into the history of book art in Russia since its inception to the present. It gives examples of book art performed by artists of various art movements. A brief analysis of Wassily Kandinsky’s books “Klänge” and “Verses Without Words” is carried out. The differences between such artistic trends as “book art” and “artist’s book” are found out. The modern state of the book art genre in Saint Petersburg’s art space is analysed.

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DAGESTAN TRADITIONS OF ART WORK WITH HORN AND BONE

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 07(97) July 2020 | 0 comments

The traditions of both the ethnographic and modern periods in bone and horn processing in Dagestan have not yet been studied. Therefore, this article is devoted to the poorly studied problem of the artistic crafts of Dagestan. It is written based on the field, ethnographic, historical-art, and museum materials of famous crafts.

The paper describes the main directions of horn and bone processing, foreign cultural influences that affected their development, modern crafts of art work with a horn. Particular attention is paid to the characterization of the traditions of the art work with horn and bone, manufacturing products made of them, the development of decorative techniques for their processing in historical and modern culture. The authors trace the development paths, the technique of inlaying gold on ivory. Ivory inlaid gold, historically common in the art of vil. Kubachi is little known in the world as a decorative technique or as one of the additional jewelry techniques.

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“TYUTCHEV OF THE RUSSIAN MUSIC”. FROM THE CORRESPONDENCE OF S.N. DURYLIN AND N.K. MEDTNER

Posted in 2020, ARTS, Issue № 07(97) July 2020 | 0 comments

Turning to the epistolary heritage of S. N. Durylin and N. K. Medtner, the author emphasizes the unique role of the phenomenon of correspondence in the life of the Russian intelligentsia, the class that emerged in the pre-revolutionary period. S. N. Durylin sees the philosophical essence of the composer’s work, calling him the “Tyutchev of the Russian music.” This characteristic was further developed in the articles of I.A. Ilyin, a close friend of the musician, and can become a tuning fork in contemporary interpretation of the music and personality of N.K. Medtner, which is often contradictory.

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