Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 18+

TOPICAL CITY PROBLEMS IN EDUCATIONAL DESIGN. CITY OF DEAD AND ALIVE

Posted in 2018, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The old city cemetery as the place for the final phase of the “a man-a city” dialogue represents a variety of urban problems. The ability to address to its forms and spaces in the search for productive topics of educational design proves the opinions of various participants in the current discourse, historical examples, and also successful results in working with undergraduate architects of the initial stage of education. The development of the architectural form of the western entrance to the territory of the New-Tatar cemetery of Kazan has become the first experience of obtaining specific skills of in-situ surveys of the territory, comprehension of the revealed artifacts, and systematic search for design solutions for the students of the group 6AP05 (KSASU).

Read More

GLASS AS COMPONENT OF MODERN NONLINEAR ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the use of glass as a material for the formation of nonlinear surfaces in modern architecture. Buildings with a curved surface create new connections between geometry and architectural materials. The strategies of rationalization of curvilinear surfaces with the use of flat and bent glass panels are considered in the article. The work includes the analysis of several examples, including: The Great Court (English: The Great Court, 1998-2000) in the British Museum, Golden Terraces (Polish: Złote Tarasy, 2000-2007), facade of the Strasbourg railway station (English: Strasbourg Train Station Extension, 2007).

Read More

PROFESSIONAL VISION OF SPACE OF ARCHITECT: PROBLEM OF STEPWISE FORMING

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The paper deals with the issues of formation of professional spatial vision at freshman classes of architectural schools from the standpoint of pedagogical psychology of higher education. The problem of the initial professional training of architects at the present stage is identified, it is concerned with the displacement of manual graphics training and prototyping by computer models at the freshman classes. It is shown that an updated generation of the architect’s professional competencies is required, focused on the unique problem of creating a harmonious, expressive space for the organization of life and habitat that meets all the necessary conditions for the existence of mankind and the surrounding nature.

Read More

NEARBY MANORS OF NOBLE PEOPLE AS THE PHENOMENON OF THE HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL LIFE OF ST. PETERSBURG, ON THE EXAMPLE OF MIKHAILOVSKAYA DACHA PALACE AND PARK COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

The work deals with the phenomenon of nearby manors of noble people, as a part of historical and the architectural aspect in the formation of the city of St. Petersburg and its suburbs. In more detail, the history and stages of the formation, construction and reconstruction of the Mikhailovskaya Dacha Palace and Park Complex as one of the examples of nearby manors of the noble people are examined in this paper. This object was built by the talented outstanding architects, it has passed through the XXth century with significant losses and now the project of its adaptation for modern usage is currently being implemented. The problems of preservation and adaptation for the modern use of the objects of this type are currently acute for the architectural community.

Read More

HISTORY OF FORMATION OF AREAS WITH LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT IN LENINGRAD IN 1944-1954

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

The city of Leningrad and, in particular, the urban economy was severely damaged during the years of the Great Patriotic War. The main direction of the reconstruction and development of Leningrad in the post-war period, along with the construction of multi-storey residential buildings, was the development of capital low-rise houses on the suburbs of the city. The following territories were allocated under low-rise construction: Nevsky, Kirov, Kalinin, Frunze, Primorsky and Vyborg, several microdistricts were built in each of them.

The review paper contains a description of the historical events of the period of the first post-war decade that influenced the evolution of low-rise housing complexes and created the prerequisites for improvement of the living conditions of the people living within the administrative boundary of the city.

The analysis of the domestic experience of low-rise residential building during the 1940s-1950s period makes it possible to identify certain urban planning techniques that can be used in modern design and construction.

Read More

DEVELOPMENT OF THE MATERIAL FUND OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

Modern administrative agencies should be classified according to specific features of state social and economic management. Features of administrative agencies’ classification are a prerequisite for the structural formation of administrative agencies. Specific features of administrative agencies are presented in blocks. The classification of administrative agencies allows making a transition to typological architectural formation of objects. The range of premises and office space for officials of administrative agencies is justified on the basis of typology.

Read More

DEFINITION OF PROTECTED SUBJECTS FOR ARCHEOLOGY OBJECTS, ON THE EXAMPLE OF NIZHNIAYA DACHA IN ALEXANDRIA PARK

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers the problems related to the definition of protected subject in accordance with the current legislation in the field of protection of historical and cultural monuments. The history of the construction of the cultural heritage object “Nizhniaya Dacha” in Alexandria park, which is an archeology object is presented, its protection items are given as well. Nizhniaya Dacha, which was built for the last Emperor Nicholas II, during the years of Soviet power and during the Great Patriotic War suffered a lot of losses and is now ruined.

Read More

QUESTIONS OF FORMATION OF THE TERM “URBAN AGGLOMERATION”

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the origin and evolution of the concept of “urban agglomeration” in the Russian science and specifies the interpretation of this term in the Soviet and Russian theory and practice of urban development. The introduction of the term “urbanized region” into the Russian science is proposed. It is used to denote the territory of the urban agglomeration as an object of urban planning.

Read More

GEOMETRIC SHAPES OF SHELLS IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

During the last decade, the geometric aspects of freeform architecture have defined a field of applications which is systematically explored and which conversely serves as inspiration for new mathematical research. This paper discusses topics relevant to the realization of freeform skins by various means (flat and curved panels, straight and curved members, masonry, etc.) and illuminates the interrelations of those questions with theory, in particular discrete differential geometry and discrete geometry.

Read More

CLASSICAL TRADITION IN THE SUBURBAN CONSTRUCTION OF ROMANTICISM ERA IN RUSSIA AND GERMANY

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of the features of the classical tradition in the Romanticism era on the example of suburban construction. The contemporary issues of the theory of architecture, related to the metamorphoses of classical doctrine in the preecectic period, are considered as well. The issues of planning, volumecal and spatial composition, decorations and interrelation with the adjoining territory are analyzed on the example of Maximilian Leichterbergskiy’s grand duke’ s palace complexes in the Sergievka estate in the Leningrad region and Charlottenhof palace in Potsdam. Based on their comparison, the general patterns are revealed, as well as unique features imposed by the specifics of the Russian and German history of architectures.

Read More

EXPLORATION ON TECHNOLOGY OF LOW-CARBON BUILDING RETROFIT IN NORTHEAST CHINA SEVERE COLD RURAL DISTRICT

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

Retrofitting of existing buildings is being considered as one of the main approaches to achieve sustainability in the built environment at relatively low cost and high uptake rates. According to the analysis on examples at severe cold rural district, the study analyzed two passive low-carbon retrofit methods,additional passive sun room and increase the performance of external wall insulation. By using the DeST-h software to compare the change of the temperature and index of design load for heating of building of the general model before and after the retrofit, this study presented three conclusions.

Read More

FEATURES OF FORMING THE ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTION OF THE BUILDING FACE OF THE PARKING AREA IN THE COMPOSITION OF THE RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The author examines the features of the building face of the parking area in the composition of the residential complex. The object of the study is the building of a surface parking. The list of the basic innovative directions in the solution of the parking face in the field of architecture, town-planning, designs and technology, energy efficiency, ecology, fire safety is given. A short characteristic of each of them is given as well. The prospects of using facade solutions are also evaluated, in case of systemic use in the design of residential quarters. The principles and techniques for exterior walls of the parking area are considered by the author from the point of view of obtaining new architectural and town-planning qualities of the residential complex.

Read More

PREREQUISITES TO RENOVATION OF ACCOMMODATION ON TERRITORIES NEAR INDUSTRIAL AREAS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article discusses the prerequisites for accommodation renovation on the territories near industrial areas. The definition of renovation in relation to housing is given. The main types of residential buildings are identified on the basis of historical experience of the development of territories near industrial areas. The current state of the housing stock on the identified problem is considered on the example of Penza. The data of full-scale observations, photographic fixation of residential buildings are given. Basic preconditions for the renovation of the housing are formulated: Technical obsolescence of the existing housing stock; low level of comfort and quality of living environment; inefficiency and low level of economic prestige of the housing on the territories under consideration.

Read More

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND GREEN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

В статье приводится обзор и сравнение возможных архитектурных решений с применением биоклиматических элементов зеленой архитектуры, которые могут смягчить негативные побочные явления глобального потепления.
В статье также изложены проблемы, стоящие перед проектными решениями; эти решения являются приоритетной задачей на текущий момент в связи с важностью формирования архитектурного пространства, которое представляет собой место, где люди живут и взаимодействуют с планетарными процессами.

Read More

STRUCTURAL REINFORCEMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS USING POLYMER COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The issues on structural reinforcement of columns using bands made of polymer composite material and carbon fiber lamellae are considered in this paper. A particular attention is paid to strength and corrosion resistance of the materials used, and their ability to keep the appearance of the architectural monument. It is possible to strengthen the column by gluing strips made of composite material in a stretched cross-section area in different directions, at different angles of fabric winding, both continuously and discretely, besides it is necessary to calculate the areas where it is necessary to do. The further development in this direction is expected both in construction and in architecture, with the usage of new innovative materials that can be applied in other areas, for example, medicine, aviation, helicopter industry, and space industry.

Read More

SELF-HEALING CONCRETE: DEFINITION, MECHANISM AND APPLICATION IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURES

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

Concrete is one of the most used building materials. However, it is one of the major producers of carbon dioxide (CO2) which is directly contributing to destroying our environment. Not to mention that enormous costs are being spent each year to maintain concrete constructions. Cracks of various sizes form in all concrete constructions which need to be sealed manually shortening the life of a particular construction. On the other hand, Self-healing concrete (SHC) is a revolutionary building material that has the solution to all these problems and is definitely the building material of the near future. Therefore, we need to understand its properties and mechanism and foresee how it impacts the architectural designs of the time to come, which standers are needed to create useful and aesthetic buildings and constructions.

Read More

MATERIAL FUND OF STATE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTIONS AND COMPETITION RESULTS FOR THE PROJECT OF PARLIAMENTARY CENTRE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Managing institutions of the Russian Federation still use the material fund of the Soviet period in new socio-economic conditions. Since there is no scientific research on urban planning and architecture, old-fashioned design methods are being used, which manifests itself in the projects of the participants of the competition for a new Parliamentary Centre. Composite methods of structural formation of management institutions should be used in complex education. Higher bodies of state power should be located in public centres in the city-planning system of the metropolis.

Read More

ARCHITECTURAL SPACE FOR RELAXATION IN THE FUTURISTIC DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The problem of personal space formation in architecture is studied in the paper. Futurological research and utopian design of the last century abroad are considered as an alternative to traditional dwelling. Revolutionary new trends in the creation of psychological climate of the environment in the future are determined. The results of the research give a powerful conceptual impetus and open unlimited possibilities for further creative search in modern architecture.

Read More

TRENDS IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION TO NATURAL-CLIMATE CONDITIONS AND ANTHROPOGENIC CHARACTER

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to urban environment “adaptability” and considers this property from the point of view of modern environmental responses to climate phenomena. It examines the materials of real and exploratory design, which allow to single out the main vectors of ideas development in adaptive environment formation: From general mitigation and improvement of climatic characteristics of the city public spaces to continuous monitoring and adjustment depending on the wishes of the consumer. The article also examines the concept of “hybrid” installations allowing the combination heterogeneous means of adaptation in order to achieve the maximum effect of the environment flexibility.

Read More

PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE STUDY INCLUDING ARCHITECTURAL AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Theoretical issues of Landscape Architecture (LA) and Architectural and Landscape Design (ALD) are covered in the paper. Their peculiarities at various stages of territorial, planning and spatial design are analysed. Morphological similarity of the objects of LA and urban planning is underlined, as well as the similarity of ALD objects with architecture. Special emphasis is placed on the formation of knowledge of a landscape architect and landscape designer in the object-space-information environment. This requires the transformation of the strategy and logic of the research.

Read More