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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

DEVELOPMENT OF THE MATERIAL FUND OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

Modern administrative agencies should be classified according to specific features of state social and economic management. Features of administrative agencies’ classification are a prerequisite for the structural formation of administrative agencies. Specific features of administrative agencies are presented in blocks. The classification of administrative agencies allows making a transition to typological architectural formation of objects. The range of premises and office space for officials of administrative agencies is justified on the basis of typology.

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DEFINITION OF PROTECTED SUBJECTS FOR ARCHEOLOGY OBJECTS, ON THE EXAMPLE OF NIZHNIAYA DACHA IN ALEXANDRIA PARK

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers the problems related to the definition of protected subject in accordance with the current legislation in the field of protection of historical and cultural monuments. The history of the construction of the cultural heritage object “Nizhniaya Dacha” in Alexandria park, which is an archeology object is presented, its protection items are given as well. Nizhniaya Dacha, which was built for the last Emperor Nicholas II, during the years of Soviet power and during the Great Patriotic War suffered a lot of losses and is now ruined.

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QUESTIONS OF FORMATION OF THE TERM “URBAN AGGLOMERATION”

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the origin and evolution of the concept of “urban agglomeration” in the Russian science and specifies the interpretation of this term in the Soviet and Russian theory and practice of urban development. The introduction of the term “urbanized region” into the Russian science is proposed. It is used to denote the territory of the urban agglomeration as an object of urban planning.

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GEOMETRIC SHAPES OF SHELLS IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

During the last decade, the geometric aspects of freeform architecture have defined a field of applications which is systematically explored and which conversely serves as inspiration for new mathematical research. This paper discusses topics relevant to the realization of freeform skins by various means (flat and curved panels, straight and curved members, masonry, etc.) and illuminates the interrelations of those questions with theory, in particular discrete differential geometry and discrete geometry.

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CLASSICAL TRADITION IN THE SUBURBAN CONSTRUCTION OF ROMANTICISM ERA IN RUSSIA AND GERMANY

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of the features of the classical tradition in the Romanticism era on the example of suburban construction. The contemporary issues of the theory of architecture, related to the metamorphoses of classical doctrine in the preecectic period, are considered as well. The issues of planning, volumecal and spatial composition, decorations and interrelation with the adjoining territory are analyzed on the example of Maximilian Leichterbergskiy’s grand duke’ s palace complexes in the Sergievka estate in the Leningrad region and Charlottenhof palace in Potsdam. Based on their comparison, the general patterns are revealed, as well as unique features imposed by the specifics of the Russian and German history of architectures.

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EXPLORATION ON TECHNOLOGY OF LOW-CARBON BUILDING RETROFIT IN NORTHEAST CHINA SEVERE COLD RURAL DISTRICT

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

Retrofitting of existing buildings is being considered as one of the main approaches to achieve sustainability in the built environment at relatively low cost and high uptake rates. According to the analysis on examples at severe cold rural district, the study analyzed two passive low-carbon retrofit methods,additional passive sun room and increase the performance of external wall insulation. By using the DeST-h software to compare the change of the temperature and index of design load for heating of building of the general model before and after the retrofit, this study presented three conclusions.

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FEATURES OF FORMING THE ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTION OF THE BUILDING FACE OF THE PARKING AREA IN THE COMPOSITION OF THE RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The author examines the features of the building face of the parking area in the composition of the residential complex. The object of the study is the building of a surface parking. The list of the basic innovative directions in the solution of the parking face in the field of architecture, town-planning, designs and technology, energy efficiency, ecology, fire safety is given. A short characteristic of each of them is given as well. The prospects of using facade solutions are also evaluated, in case of systemic use in the design of residential quarters. The principles and techniques for exterior walls of the parking area are considered by the author from the point of view of obtaining new architectural and town-planning qualities of the residential complex.

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PREREQUISITES TO RENOVATION OF ACCOMMODATION ON TERRITORIES NEAR INDUSTRIAL AREAS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article discusses the prerequisites for accommodation renovation on the territories near industrial areas. The definition of renovation in relation to housing is given. The main types of residential buildings are identified on the basis of historical experience of the development of territories near industrial areas. The current state of the housing stock on the identified problem is considered on the example of Penza. The data of full-scale observations, photographic fixation of residential buildings are given. Basic preconditions for the renovation of the housing are formulated: Technical obsolescence of the existing housing stock; low level of comfort and quality of living environment; inefficiency and low level of economic prestige of the housing on the territories under consideration.

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND GREEN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

В статье приводится обзор и сравнение возможных архитектурных решений с применением биоклиматических элементов зеленой архитектуры, которые могут смягчить негативные побочные явления глобального потепления.
В статье также изложены проблемы, стоящие перед проектными решениями; эти решения являются приоритетной задачей на текущий момент в связи с важностью формирования архитектурного пространства, которое представляет собой место, где люди живут и взаимодействуют с планетарными процессами.

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STRUCTURAL REINFORCEMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS USING POLYMER COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The issues on structural reinforcement of columns using bands made of polymer composite material and carbon fiber lamellae are considered in this paper. A particular attention is paid to strength and corrosion resistance of the materials used, and their ability to keep the appearance of the architectural monument. It is possible to strengthen the column by gluing strips made of composite material in a stretched cross-section area in different directions, at different angles of fabric winding, both continuously and discretely, besides it is necessary to calculate the areas where it is necessary to do. The further development in this direction is expected both in construction and in architecture, with the usage of new innovative materials that can be applied in other areas, for example, medicine, aviation, helicopter industry, and space industry.

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SELF-HEALING CONCRETE: DEFINITION, MECHANISM AND APPLICATION IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURES

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

Concrete is one of the most used building materials. However, it is one of the major producers of carbon dioxide (CO2) which is directly contributing to destroying our environment. Not to mention that enormous costs are being spent each year to maintain concrete constructions. Cracks of various sizes form in all concrete constructions which need to be sealed manually shortening the life of a particular construction. On the other hand, Self-healing concrete (SHC) is a revolutionary building material that has the solution to all these problems and is definitely the building material of the near future. Therefore, we need to understand its properties and mechanism and foresee how it impacts the architectural designs of the time to come, which standers are needed to create useful and aesthetic buildings and constructions.

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MATERIAL FUND OF STATE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTIONS AND COMPETITION RESULTS FOR THE PROJECT OF PARLIAMENTARY CENTRE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Managing institutions of the Russian Federation still use the material fund of the Soviet period in new socio-economic conditions. Since there is no scientific research on urban planning and architecture, old-fashioned design methods are being used, which manifests itself in the projects of the participants of the competition for a new Parliamentary Centre. Composite methods of structural formation of management institutions should be used in complex education. Higher bodies of state power should be located in public centres in the city-planning system of the metropolis.

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ARCHITECTURAL SPACE FOR RELAXATION IN THE FUTURISTIC DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The problem of personal space formation in architecture is studied in the paper. Futurological research and utopian design of the last century abroad are considered as an alternative to traditional dwelling. Revolutionary new trends in the creation of psychological climate of the environment in the future are determined. The results of the research give a powerful conceptual impetus and open unlimited possibilities for further creative search in modern architecture.

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TRENDS IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION TO NATURAL-CLIMATE CONDITIONS AND ANTHROPOGENIC CHARACTER

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to urban environment “adaptability” and considers this property from the point of view of modern environmental responses to climate phenomena. It examines the materials of real and exploratory design, which allow to single out the main vectors of ideas development in adaptive environment formation: From general mitigation and improvement of climatic characteristics of the city public spaces to continuous monitoring and adjustment depending on the wishes of the consumer. The article also examines the concept of “hybrid” installations allowing the combination heterogeneous means of adaptation in order to achieve the maximum effect of the environment flexibility.

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PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE STUDY INCLUDING ARCHITECTURAL AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Theoretical issues of Landscape Architecture (LA) and Architectural and Landscape Design (ALD) are covered in the paper. Their peculiarities at various stages of territorial, planning and spatial design are analysed. Morphological similarity of the objects of LA and urban planning is underlined, as well as the similarity of ALD objects with architecture. Special emphasis is placed on the formation of knowledge of a landscape architect and landscape designer in the object-space-information environment. This requires the transformation of the strategy and logic of the research.

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MAIN FEATURES OF DESIGNING OBJECTS OF DIFFERENT PURPOSE IN CONDITIONS OF ARCTIC ZONE OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The articles provides the methodology of typological structuring of special settlements of the Russian Arctic with regard to the intensification of mineral deposits development, protection of state borders and the development of a tourist cluster. The problem of designing based on the principles of differentiation of town planning techniques is raised in the paper depending on the medical and geographical conditions of the Arctic region. Their implementation into practice is discussed. The experience of designing and building in similar extreme conditions of Antarctica is analyzed on the example of a Belgian station development. The article suggests the use of adequate structural and thermal insulation materials based on specific properties.

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ON UNDERSTANDING OF SUSTAINABILITY IN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The authors proposed to consider and disclose the concept of sustainability in architecture in this paper. The concept of sustainability in architectural and artistic context was synthesized using the method of intensions and extensions. The statements of representatives of the architectural community, devoted to the problems of sustainable urban development were analyzed as well. The preservation of historical and cultural heritage and the individuation of the new architecture by changing professional paradigm are considered to be key aspects on the way to sustainability in architecture.

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ABSTRACT THINKING AS THE BASIS OF THE CREATIVE PROCESS IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the role of abstract thinking in organize the creative process of design activity in architecture and design. Using a transcendental method, the abstract basis of creative process was established. Synthetic character of composition, as a science, is shown at all design stages of an architectural object and is connected with the universal principles of reason. Thus, differences between abstract composition, formal composition and associative composition in design activity are defined by the inextricable connection between perception and existence.

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THE HISTORICAL ASPECT OF FORMATION OF THE ARTS CENTERS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is about of the art centers formation in historical aspect in the XX century. Considers the historical experience of culture and art buildings designing in the United States (40-50 years), Europe (60-90 years), Russia (early-late XX century). As historical prototypes of contemporary arts centers revealed: house of culture, national arts centers, cultural centers and palaces of culture, palaces of pioneers and children’s creativity. Each of them is allocated a distinctive set of functions: leisure, entertainment, educational, sport. Revealed that the modern arts centers has absorbed most of the historically formed features and are today one of the developed types of multifunctional architecture.

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CITY PLANNING COUTERMEASURES FOR NEGATIVE IMPACT ON LIVING ENVIRONMENT FROM TRAFFIC

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the environmental problems arising in urban environments from steeply growing number of motor vehicles.

It highlights the dependency of the changes in the rate and pattern of environmentally induced morbidity on the air pollution with motor vehicle exhaust. A rationale is established for optimum development practices to avoid dangerous air pollution.

Positive effect on air quality from belt roads, bypass roads and pedestrian areas made in city centers is noted.

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