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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

FEATURES OF FORMING THE ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTION OF THE BUILDING FACE OF THE PARKING AREA IN THE COMPOSITION OF THE RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The author examines the features of the building face of the parking area in the composition of the residential complex. The object of the study is the building of a surface parking. The list of the basic innovative directions in the solution of the parking face in the field of architecture, town-planning, designs and technology, energy efficiency, ecology, fire safety is given. A short characteristic of each of them is given as well. The prospects of using facade solutions are also evaluated, in case of systemic use in the design of residential quarters. The principles and techniques for exterior walls of the parking area are considered by the author from the point of view of obtaining new architectural and town-planning qualities of the residential complex.

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PREREQUISITES TO RENOVATION OF ACCOMMODATION ON TERRITORIES NEAR INDUSTRIAL AREAS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

The article discusses the prerequisites for accommodation renovation on the territories near industrial areas. The definition of renovation in relation to housing is given. The main types of residential buildings are identified on the basis of historical experience of the development of territories near industrial areas. The current state of the housing stock on the identified problem is considered on the example of Penza. The data of full-scale observations, photographic fixation of residential buildings are given. Basic preconditions for the renovation of the housing are formulated: Technical obsolescence of the existing housing stock; low level of comfort and quality of living environment; inefficiency and low level of economic prestige of the housing on the territories under consideration.

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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND GREEN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(60) June 2017 | 0 comments

В статье приводится обзор и сравнение возможных архитектурных решений с применением биоклиматических элементов зеленой архитектуры, которые могут смягчить негативные побочные явления глобального потепления.
В статье также изложены проблемы, стоящие перед проектными решениями; эти решения являются приоритетной задачей на текущий момент в связи с важностью формирования архитектурного пространства, которое представляет собой место, где люди живут и взаимодействуют с планетарными процессами.

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STRUCTURAL REINFORCEMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS USING POLYMER COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

The issues on structural reinforcement of columns using bands made of polymer composite material and carbon fiber lamellae are considered in this paper. A particular attention is paid to strength and corrosion resistance of the materials used, and their ability to keep the appearance of the architectural monument. It is possible to strengthen the column by gluing strips made of composite material in a stretched cross-section area in different directions, at different angles of fabric winding, both continuously and discretely, besides it is necessary to calculate the areas where it is necessary to do. The further development in this direction is expected both in construction and in architecture, with the usage of new innovative materials that can be applied in other areas, for example, medicine, aviation, helicopter industry, and space industry.

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SELF-HEALING CONCRETE: DEFINITION, MECHANISM AND APPLICATION IN DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURES

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(59) May 2017 | 0 comments

Concrete is one of the most used building materials. However, it is one of the major producers of carbon dioxide (CO2) which is directly contributing to destroying our environment. Not to mention that enormous costs are being spent each year to maintain concrete constructions. Cracks of various sizes form in all concrete constructions which need to be sealed manually shortening the life of a particular construction. On the other hand, Self-healing concrete (SHC) is a revolutionary building material that has the solution to all these problems and is definitely the building material of the near future. Therefore, we need to understand its properties and mechanism and foresee how it impacts the architectural designs of the time to come, which standers are needed to create useful and aesthetic buildings and constructions.

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MATERIAL FUND OF STATE MANAGEMENT INSTITUTIONS AND COMPETITION RESULTS FOR THE PROJECT OF PARLIAMENTARY CENTRE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Managing institutions of the Russian Federation still use the material fund of the Soviet period in new socio-economic conditions. Since there is no scientific research on urban planning and architecture, old-fashioned design methods are being used, which manifests itself in the projects of the participants of the competition for a new Parliamentary Centre. Composite methods of structural formation of management institutions should be used in complex education. Higher bodies of state power should be located in public centres in the city-planning system of the metropolis.

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ARCHITECTURAL SPACE FOR RELAXATION IN THE FUTURISTIC DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The problem of personal space formation in architecture is studied in the paper. Futurological research and utopian design of the last century abroad are considered as an alternative to traditional dwelling. Revolutionary new trends in the creation of psychological climate of the environment in the future are determined. The results of the research give a powerful conceptual impetus and open unlimited possibilities for further creative search in modern architecture.

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TRENDS IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT ADAPTATION TO NATURAL-CLIMATE CONDITIONS AND ANTHROPOGENIC CHARACTER

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to urban environment “adaptability” and considers this property from the point of view of modern environmental responses to climate phenomena. It examines the materials of real and exploratory design, which allow to single out the main vectors of ideas development in adaptive environment formation: From general mitigation and improvement of climatic characteristics of the city public spaces to continuous monitoring and adjustment depending on the wishes of the consumer. The article also examines the concept of “hybrid” installations allowing the combination heterogeneous means of adaptation in order to achieve the maximum effect of the environment flexibility.

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PRINCIPLES OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE STUDY INCLUDING ARCHITECTURAL AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

Theoretical issues of Landscape Architecture (LA) and Architectural and Landscape Design (ALD) are covered in the paper. Their peculiarities at various stages of territorial, planning and spatial design are analysed. Morphological similarity of the objects of LA and urban planning is underlined, as well as the similarity of ALD objects with architecture. Special emphasis is placed on the formation of knowledge of a landscape architect and landscape designer in the object-space-information environment. This requires the transformation of the strategy and logic of the research.

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MAIN FEATURES OF DESIGNING OBJECTS OF DIFFERENT PURPOSE IN CONDITIONS OF ARCTIC ZONE OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The articles provides the methodology of typological structuring of special settlements of the Russian Arctic with regard to the intensification of mineral deposits development, protection of state borders and the development of a tourist cluster. The problem of designing based on the principles of differentiation of town planning techniques is raised in the paper depending on the medical and geographical conditions of the Arctic region. Their implementation into practice is discussed. The experience of designing and building in similar extreme conditions of Antarctica is analyzed on the example of a Belgian station development. The article suggests the use of adequate structural and thermal insulation materials based on specific properties.

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ON UNDERSTANDING OF SUSTAINABILITY IN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The authors proposed to consider and disclose the concept of sustainability in architecture in this paper. The concept of sustainability in architectural and artistic context was synthesized using the method of intensions and extensions. The statements of representatives of the architectural community, devoted to the problems of sustainable urban development were analyzed as well. The preservation of historical and cultural heritage and the individuation of the new architecture by changing professional paradigm are considered to be key aspects on the way to sustainability in architecture.

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ABSTRACT THINKING AS THE BASIS OF THE CREATIVE PROCESS IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the role of abstract thinking in organize the creative process of design activity in architecture and design. Using a transcendental method, the abstract basis of creative process was established. Synthetic character of composition, as a science, is shown at all design stages of an architectural object and is connected with the universal principles of reason. Thus, differences between abstract composition, formal composition and associative composition in design activity are defined by the inextricable connection between perception and existence.

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THE HISTORICAL ASPECT OF FORMATION OF THE ARTS CENTERS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is about of the art centers formation in historical aspect in the XX century. Considers the historical experience of culture and art buildings designing in the United States (40-50 years), Europe (60-90 years), Russia (early-late XX century). As historical prototypes of contemporary arts centers revealed: house of culture, national arts centers, cultural centers and palaces of culture, palaces of pioneers and children’s creativity. Each of them is allocated a distinctive set of functions: leisure, entertainment, educational, sport. Revealed that the modern arts centers has absorbed most of the historically formed features and are today one of the developed types of multifunctional architecture.

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CITY PLANNING COUTERMEASURES FOR NEGATIVE IMPACT ON LIVING ENVIRONMENT FROM TRAFFIC

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the environmental problems arising in urban environments from steeply growing number of motor vehicles.

It highlights the dependency of the changes in the rate and pattern of environmentally induced morbidity on the air pollution with motor vehicle exhaust. A rationale is established for optimum development practices to avoid dangerous air pollution.

Positive effect on air quality from belt roads, bypass roads and pedestrian areas made in city centers is noted.

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MUTUAL RELATION OF MANKIND WITH ARCHITECTURAL SPACE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The person exists, lives and operates in the spatial environment. Having been born in natural space, the mankind during known historical time of the existence for the ground created new, artificial, vital space. This space refers to as architectural space. The architecture is an original certificate of development of a human civilization. In monuments of architecture the projection of a stream of time in space of the Earth is ciphered. In the certain stages of architectural evolution representations of the person about themselves changed and the world, creative abilities became more active.

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THE EASTERN VECTOR OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE RESETTLEMENT OF THE SOUTH PART OF THE FAR EAST

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the modern period of development of the south part of the Russian Far East (FER) and the Northeast China (NEC) characterized by specific features. First of all, the period provided a solid foundation for building new resettlement systems that would have international status later. Due to a geopolitical position of the ranges the resettlement systems were actively involved in to the international economic processes, while the main vector of China priority development was directed to the border zone.

Modern trends of development of border settlements systems are identified in order to further develop principles of spatial organization of city-forming frame. Construction of cities in the border zone of China defines a new framework of settlement and its structural elements. City-forming processes will have a socio-economic, demographic, cultural and social impact on the development not only of the Russian border areas, but also of the whole south of the Far East.

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IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF INDUSTRIAL AREAS WITH THE HELP OF ARCHTECTURAL ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the methods of arranging architectural environment of industrial areas in order to increase their efficiency and foster the integration of industrial zones into the urban environment. It discusses the issues of reconstruction, colouristics and rebuilding. Basic prerequisites for the change in the structure, composition and architecture of industrial zones are considered. Possible methods of implementation and the usage of modern technologies for industrial zones in the city structure are also discussed. The adaptation of industrial areas to the changing social needs is considered. The analysis of existing projects in order to determine the importance of an integrated approach in the design of efficiently used industrial areas is conducted.

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THE PRINCIPLES OF TYPIFICATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN PROVINCE OF THE LATE XVIII – EARLY XIX CENTURIES (ON EXAMPLE OF KURSK)

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

Typical constructions of building dominated in the development of the Russian province in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. The so-called «model» facades were developed for the buildings, their use was also introduced at the state level. This construction of building did not anticipate the identity of the city, however, was the basis of the quality of urban development in the same style. The drawings of buildings and «yard areas» with explanations were being sent from the center in the province. The principles of typification was regulated by circulars of the ministries and was based on the canons of classicism.

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OBJECTS OF INTERIOR BOTANICAL GARDENING IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE PALACE COMPLEXES OF SAINT-PETERSBURG IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 18TH CENTURY

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

In article definition of exterior and interior objects of Botanical horticulture. The zones of localization of objects Botanical gardening based on the stages of the historical development of St. Petersburg. The classification of exterior objects, Botanical horticulture, which was attended by interior components (greenhouses, winter and the hanging gardens) on social grounds, and also defined the division of the greenhouses for functions Considered interior Botanical objects of the Palace complexes of the early 18th century, located in the first zone, which gave impetus to the further development and spread of greenhouses on the territory of the city and beyond. Traced the relationship of the functional purpose of the greenhouses and the status of the exterior of the object. Defines the role of the objects of interior Botanical gardening of St. Petersburg agglomeration in the life of Russian society during the first half of the 18th century.

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THE ANALYSIS OF THE STAGES IN DEVELOPMENT AND FORMATION OF HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

Posted in 2016, ARCHITECTURE, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

The health care facilities are socially important objects; therefore, the question of their modernization and development will remain up-to-date all times. The aim of investigation is studying of the evolution of functional and architectural planning solutions of hospitals. The primary task of our investigation is analyzing the main stages of development of health care facilities in foreign practice. Another key point is toidentify the influence of cultural, spiritual and political aspects of the regions in development of hospitals and health care system as a whole. As a result we remarked characteristics of functioning and development trends of modern hospitals.

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