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ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

ARCHITECTURAL PECULIARITIES OF THE EFFICIENT FACADES OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

Buildings can play a significant role in food and energy production while making high-density cities more sustainable. The purpose of the research is to define the concept of the efficient facade as a means of sustainable design. The paper analyses the architectural quality of the developed efficient-facade concept following the inquiry conducted among the professional experts in construction. The developed design variations are compared from the standpoints of crucial design aspects, such as the facade aesthetics, interior view, materialisation, ease of operation, functionality, and the overall architectural quality. Based on the defined structure of engineering the efficient facade and the research results, we suggest a lot of guidance and improved prototypes of the efficient facade for the further evaluation and realisation to improve their quality ranging from buildings to cities.

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ACTIVITY OF CREATION OF UNDERGROUND PARKING SYSTEM IN THE HISTORICAL CENTER OF SAMARA

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

This article considers the premises for creating the system of underground car-parks at Samara’s historic centre. The article gives reasons for the topicality of reconstructing transport infrastructure of modern historic metropolises. It gives the purpose of researching the problem and objects which need to be solved to achieve the purpose, including the need for developing an underground car-park system in Samara. While concurrently focusing on the necessity of using an integrated approach to engineering especially during the strategic planning and the engineering and economical comparison of various options due to the unique character and the processing complexity of the underground construction objects. The article states the need to explore similar papers on organising the underground parts of transport infrastructure in other Russian and world cities.

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THE REVIVAL OF OLD INDUSTRIAL URBAN NEIGHBOURHOODS IN THE CONTEXT OF GENTRIFICATION PROCESSES

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

The article defines the features of gentrification as an urban planning process and provides certain examples of old industrial urban neighborhoods renovation. A brief history of the concept of “gentrification” and the development of gentrification processes is presented. The most striking examples of gentrification and revival of old industrial urban neighborhoods and districts abroad and some features of these processes are described. The object of the research is former industrial urban areas, the subject of the research is the processes of gentrification and renovation of former industrial urban neighborhoods and blocks in the cities in Europe, America and Australia.

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article retracted: EVALUATION OF ENERGY POTENTIAL OF SOLAR AND WIND RESOURCES IN DESERT REGION OF SYRIA

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 07(97) July 2020 | 0 comments

The authors present data on the analysis of the natural potential of the SAR (Syrian Arab Republic) to determine the feasibility of developing solar and wind energy. The territory of Syria was zoned using the average value of the density of wind energy and the average density of solar energy based on the data of the Global Wind Atlas for the Mediterranean region. This made it possible to determine promising areas for the development of wind and solar energy, as well as calculate the approximate wind energy potential of the Desert Region, which is 177083 TWh in g, and the total potential of solar energy estimated at 20347445500 GWh/year.

The use of sustainable energy, such as solar and wind energy, can become the main direction of regional development as a national base for the electricity industry.

Taking into account the significant territorial resource of the Desert Region, the development of solar and wind energy contributes to the creation of new jobs, the growth of rural and urban settlements, and the formation of a sustainable resettlement system.

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RESEARCH OF THE PROBLEM OF APPLYING TECHNOLOGIES OF VERTICAL GARDENING ON THE DESIGNS OF TRANSLUCENT BUILDING ENVELOPES

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

Vertical gardening technologies are currently actively used in the construction of public and residential buildings with the elements of glass building envelopes. At the same time, there are no recommendations on the use of vertical gardening technologies on high-rise buildings of various functional purposes with translucent glass envelopes that increase insulation and illumination. However, due to the increase of indoor temperature, the load on the ventilation and air conditioning systems is intensively increasing. Thus, there is a necessity to develop solutions to improve the natural microclimate of rooms during high climatic temperatures. The solution to the problem might be related to the use of vertical landscaping technologies on the surfaces of translucent building envelopes, which is relevant and usually perceived as a technology for enhancing aesthetic and environmental benefits.

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MODERN USE OF BUILDINGS OF THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY IN HARBIN

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The study is devoted to the problems of the protection and use of buildings of the Russian architects in the historic Harbor area of Harbin. At present, Chinese architects and historians show great interest in Russian culture; a significant number of architectural monuments have been restored and are in a good state. However, a survey of the Harbor area revealed whole streets with old, dilapidated buildings, which are currently abandoned or improperly operated, which contributes to their further decay. The state of buildings and the lack of security measures allow government agencies to demolish these objects at any time. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a strategy for the restoration and further restoration of these objects of Russian culture and history.

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METHODS, MEANS AND RECEPTIONS OF HARMONIZATION OF ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENT OF PENITENTIARY COMPLEXES

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue August 2014 | 0 comments

In article questions of formation, development and harmonization of the architectural environment of penitentiary complexes are taken up. Environmental levels of corrective system, its complexes and networks are defined. On the basis of theoretical and methodological approaches to problems of harmonization of the architectural environment types of an artificial environment of a regional network of placement of penitentiary complexes, their functional and planning structure, the volume, subject and spatial organization, and also means and methods of their improvement are defined.

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RECONSTRUCTION AND ADAPTATION – DEVELOPMENT ALTERNATIVES FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN POST-SOVIET MOSCOW

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue June 2014 | 0 comments

The present work aims to promote the discussion of alternatives for the development of urban housing strategies that are able to cope with today’s cities’ demand for adaptive, holistic and sustainable planning, within the context of the city of Moscow.

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FEATURES OF ARCHITECTURAL DECOR OF DIN PAVILIONS IN NORTH VIETNAM IN XVI-XVIII CENTURY. BRIEF HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE PROBLEM

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 11(89) November 2019 | 0 comments

This paper discusses the historical background of the composition of the features of the Vietnam folk architecture, which were most distinctly formed around the sixteenth century. Later in the seventeenth century, the culture of the national habitat was already clearly manifested in the variety of types and plots of fine and decorative art. Since then, the wooden sculpture (in the form of carved reliefs) of the communal house has played a leading role in reflecting the religious life of Vietnam, compensating for the initial absence of other forms of art. The paper presented brief historiography of the problem from the beginning of the twentieth century when hundreds of articles on architecture and applied art of the Ding Pavilion were published. They present both scientific and informational materials on the general history of the emergence of a community ding house, on individual objects, on the art of decorating pavilions.

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ARCHITECTURAL MODELING (DETERMINATION, PRINCIPLES, PHASES)

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

This article analyzes the process of modeling, its types and forms. The author defines the architectural modeling terms, reveals its stages and features. Deep comprehensive analysis is considered by author as necessary component of architectural modeling.

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USE OF SOLAR-PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES IN TRANSPARENT FACADES OF THE BIG AREA FOR PASSIVE COMPENSATION HEAT LOSS TO MAINTAIN A COMFORTABLE MICROCLIMATE OF PREMISES

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 8(86) August 2019 | 0 comments

Despite the widespread use in architecture of civil buildings of translucent facades of large areas, a large number of technical issues related to the improvement of the strength and heat-shielding characteristics of basic materials for the manufacture of facade structures remain unresolved. This article describes the main options for technical measures to ensure the required heat-shielding characteristics of translucent facades that directly affect the comfort of the climate in the premises of civil buildings with large glass areas. The results of this study make it possible to streamline theoretical and technical information about the methods of passive compensation of the influence of large areas of glazing on the climatic characteristics of the air environment of civilian buildings.

The article is addressed to designers, researchers, teachers, university students and graduate students.

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CHITECTURE OF REGIONAL TOURISM IN WORLD PRACTICE

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(84) June 2019 | 0 comments

Tourism is widely developed in world practice and increasing attention is paid to the development of the regional tourism. The article has a brief overview of the development of tourism facilities in various countries. The brightest objects of tourism are described. Pivotal factors affecting the formation, revival, and establishment of regional tourism facilities are revealed. The author has formed common features of the Regional Tourism Centres, which enables further application of the existing experience in the local design.

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COLOR IN ARCHITECTURE: AESTHETICS AND SYMBOLISM OF BLACK

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(83) May 2019 | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the color solution in the architecture of constructions (polychromy) in traditional cultures and in the modern world. The authors study the question of the usage of black color (monochromy) in the architecture of buildings and structures. They study the change in the image of the building in connection with the use of black color in the solution of the architectural composition, the color of the walls or the details of the facade of a building. The aesthetics of black color in modern architecture and the symbolic meaning of black color in the traditional architecture of different nations are shown.

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METHODS OF OPTIMIZATION IN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue January 2014 | 0 comments

Clause is devoted to an actual problem – to research of application of methods of optimization during designing decorating architectural objects. The historical review of becoming of the theory of optimization as sciences from sources up to modern methods on the basis of author’s schemes is resulted. On the basis of synthesis of structure and material optimization utility of use of methods of optimization in decorating architectural projects shows.

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BUILDING OF NEW TYPES OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS IN CAPITAL OF SOVIET TATARIA – KAZAN IN THE FIRST POST-REVOLUTIONARY YEARS (1917 – A MEDIUM 1930)

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue January 2014, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

Article shows, how the social processes which are passing in our country, were reflected in architecture of public buildings of Kazan, reveals both positive, and negative experience which, is necessary for considering in a modern city building. Workings out of 1920-1930th years of new mass types of the public buildings which have received then a wide circulation in architecture of our country are useful. On the basis of the spent analysis some recommendations out the further development of architecture of public buildings of Kazan are made.

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VOLUMETRIC AND SPATIAL COMPOSITION OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of developing the methodology of teaching composition in the framework of the basic discipline for students of the “Architecture” direction. The transformation of the “Volume-spatial composition” discipline into the “Composite modeling” discipline is investigated, the substantive content of the course on composition is shown, the author’s modernization of the teaching methods oriented to modern dynamic architecture is proposed as well. The authors showed the output of compositional modeling on the kinetic composition.

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RENOVATION AND INTEGRATION OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN MODERN URBAN ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №3(81) March 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019 | 0 comments

The paper discusses the methods and principles of the renovation of industrial buildings based on the existing experience. Due to the change in economic and production processes, the renovation and design of industrial areas are preserved in more detail, while retaining the production function. The search for new architectural and planning principles for introducing production into the structure of the modern city will make it possible to identify trends in the development of industrial architecture and to conclude that a universal industrial enterprise is needed.

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FEATURES OF LANDSCAPE AND ARCHITECTURAL ORGANIZATION OF CHURCHES AND MONASTERIES: DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №1(79) January 2019 | 0 comments

The following article describes the Russian experience in landscape and architectural organization of temple and monastery complexes including the ones in the Volga region. The article was written in landscape architecture; therefore, it does not consider the life of monks, parishioners’ visits, etc. Emphasis is put on objects and elements of “green architecture” in already existing works, and, thus, the paper analyzes the articles of other authors and, as a result, research directions are selected defining the subject, purpose, objectives, scientific novelty and practical significance that will be revealed in other publications.

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STATISTICAL DATA ANALYSIS ON CONSTRUCTION OF MULTILEVEL RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN KYRGYZSTAN

Posted in 2018, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

Over the past decade, the capital of Kyrgyzstan has been transformed by residential buildings, not always demanded and justified. The economical and political situation in the country has significantly affected the architecture of the city, where commercial residential buildings dominate; they were built in a short time and not always meet the architectural, planning, city-planning, social and demographic requirements. Therefore, this article is devoted to the analysis of the development of the living environment in the modern market-economic conditions of the country.

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TOPICAL CITY PROBLEMS IN EDUCATIONAL DESIGN. CITY OF DEAD AND ALIVE

Posted in 2018, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The old city cemetery as the place for the final phase of the “a man-a city” dialogue represents a variety of urban problems. The ability to address to its forms and spaces in the search for productive topics of educational design proves the opinions of various participants in the current discourse, historical examples, and also successful results in working with undergraduate architects of the initial stage of education. The development of the architectural form of the western entrance to the territory of the New-Tatar cemetery of Kazan has become the first experience of obtaining specific skills of in-situ surveys of the territory, comprehension of the revealed artifacts, and systematic search for design solutions for the students of the group 6AP05 (KSASU).

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