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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

MODERN PROBLEMS OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE OF LARGE CITIES

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE, Issue November 2013 | 0 comments

The article considers the problems of formation of landscape architecture and its elements in large cities, the improvement of the general ecological situation by increasing the territory of green plantings, the criteria for achieving a comfortable environment for people in the modern city.

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SAWDUST-CEMENT COMPOSITES AS SOUND INSULATION MATERIALS

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

Sawdust-cement composites are widely used in many countries for both indoor and outdoor applications. Their strength properties allow them to be used as building materials (siding, roofing, cladding, fencing, etc.) and their acoustic capabilities prove to be useful as highway sound barriers. These composites have unique advantages over other conventional materials. Usually, these products combine the properties of cement (relatively high resistance to water, fungus, termite infestation and significant sound insulation) and wood (high strength-to-weight ratio, workability). Products such as concrete or brick simply reflect sound waves from their surface in different directions, while the products made of cement-bonded particles absorb or completely eliminate the incoming sound waves, which significantly reduces the overall noise level.

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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE FORMATION PATTERNS OF RECREATIONAL AND MEDICAL FACILITIES

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

This article discusses the main historical stages in the design of sanatoriums and health resorts in Russia and abroad. The study explores the evolution of the concept of “sanatorium” (a facility with spa and medical services in countries of the former Soviet Union) through the architectural and spatial organization of recreational activities from a historical perspective. The analysis of the Russian facilities was based on the territories of Sochi and the Crimean Peninsula while the foreign facilities are represented by SPA resorts in Europe and the United States. The study identifies the key trends in the design of the facilities under study according to each selected historical period. The authors formulate the general trends and differences in the design of resort institutions of various types and outline the main functional and planning solutions.

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WAYS OF FORMING THE TERRITORIAL NETWORK OF PENITENTIARY CENTERS IN UKRAINE

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE, Issue 12(19) December 2013 | 0 comments

In the article the problem of reformation of territorial network of existent prisons and arrest houses is considered in the system of the inhabited places and city agglomerations of Ukraine. It is exposed in accordance with researches, that the role of city agglomerations in the developed systems of the inhabited places at forming of network of prisons will be saved. This fact will influence on forming of a few alternative variants of placing of correctional establishments on territories of Ukraine, among which regional, local and mixed.

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CONTENT COMPOSITION AS MEANS OF INTELLECTUALIZING THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF AN ARCHITECTURE STUDENT

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the meanings of one of the educational tasks of the discipline “Compositional modeling” and the work process of the second-year students from the group 8АП04 of the Institute of Architecture and Design of the Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering in the first semester of 2019-2020. The task was based on the collision of formal geometric paradoxes of impossibilism with individual regional narratives. This approach proved to be effective and productive in the formation of individual styles and approaches of archutecture students of the initial stage of training. As a result, the work of the students was displayed at an exhibition in one of the oldest museums in Kazan, the memorial house of V. I. Lenin (August 2020). Getting such an experience for a student is an opportunity for a conscious transition from a formal composition to a substance composition. It is on its basis that a personified type of current architectural discourse on urban space as a medium is built.

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CREATING A COMFORTABLE ENVIRONMENT IN SMALL-SCALE APARTMENTS

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

Creating a comfortable environment is a multifaceted problem. The need to transform a small living space into a full-fledged, compact, comfortable apartment that meets the modern comfort requirements is a relevant task for modern architects and designers. The various approaches and individual concepts in this area demonstrate their consistency from the point of view of providing both physical and mental comfort. The authors of the article come to the conclusion that harmony and comfort are key factors that allow for the consideration of small-scale apartments not only as an economically forced decision but as a full-fledged way of organizing life in accordance with the modern concept of reasonable consumption.

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PROTECTION OF SCHOOLS AND PRESCHOOL ESTABLISHMENTS LOCATED IN CIVILIAN AREAS FROM NEGATIVE IMPACT OF URBAN TRANSPORT

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The paper analyses the development of site plans that prevent the noise and environmental pollution produced by urban transport from getting to the territory of schools and preschool establishments. The most effective in achieving this goal are the group home buildings with minimal breaks which are filled with balconies and sun porches, retail outlets, and social infrastructure and amenities, utility facilities. The article suggests planning and construction arrangements in order to sustain the appropriate level of noise and environmental pollution in the preschool establishments and schools located in civil areas.

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ON THE HUMANITY OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACE

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The spatial factor is the major and determining factor for the development of architecture. As the history of civilization shows, architecture has become a second environment for human activity along with nature. However, humanity does not yet have an accurate understanding or scientific definition of such a factor of its existence as its natural or artificial spatial environment. This study aims to demonstrate the spacetime and mutual continuities between spaces at different scales – individual, social and local. A single geometric structure is a spatial matrix that defines all the life processes of objective-subjective relations between man, being and form on earth.

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ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND THE DIGITAL

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE | 0 comments

The purpose of this work is to raise awareness to the increasing influence of technology and the digital in the way people relate to space and Architecture. New ways to interact with the environment and between each other have altered the way we perceive; hence the built environment is switching meanings. If architecture is to cope up with these changes, its boundaries need to expand to new dimensions.

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ARCHITECTURE OF BAROQUE STYLE CHURCHES IN THE MIDDLE VOLGA REGION

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

This research was carried out under the State Program of the Russian Federation, Development of Science and Technology for 2013-2020 within the framework of the Plan for Basic Scientific Research of the Ministry of Construction of Russia and the RAACS, research project 1.2.14. The goal of the study is to identify the features of the regional religious architecture in the Middle Volga region. The work provides the results of the analysis of a wide range of issues related to the formation of the architecture of Orthodox churches in the middle Volga region in the 18th century. The authors considered layout, composition, and decoration features of the architecture of the Orthodox churches in the region. They revealed several features of the baroque style in the religious buildings of the Middle Volga region. The extensive amount of materials on field surveys is presented in this work. The primary source of data for writing this article was the survey of the territories of the Middle Volga region. The authors also analyzed materials available in the central and local archives and museums.

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DECORATION PRINCIPLES OF URBAN PUBLIC SPACES

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

The paper considers the issues related to the emergence of eortology (the science of holidays). The author considers the concept of a “holiday,” and identifies its main features and functions.

Besides, the author proposes the classification of holidays depending on the celebration form: festive processions, folk festivals and mass shows. Certain attributes and festive decorations are selected for each form; they must be installed during the festive period. It is proposed to divide the festive elements of the urban environment into two groups: multifunctional use and targeted use.

Two types of urban spaces are considered in this work: linear and areal. Universal 3D schemes for the festive decoration of urban spaces are presented in the paper. They allow obtaining basic models of the subject-spatial organization of festive events, taking into account their holding in spaces of different types.

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LANDSCAPING OF SOCHI IN ASPECT OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES-2014

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The questions of gardening of the city of Sochi at the article are considered. The historical aspect of a problem is given. The changes connected with landscape construction, during preparation of the winter Olympic Games-2014 are shown. Questions of ecological wellbeing of inhabitants and guests during preparation and carrying out the Olympic Games are brought up.

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ARCHITECTURAL PECULIARITIES OF THE EFFICIENT FACADES OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

Buildings can play a significant role in food and energy production while making high-density cities more sustainable. The purpose of the research is to define the concept of the efficient facade as a means of sustainable design. The paper analyses the architectural quality of the developed efficient-facade concept following the inquiry conducted among the professional experts in construction. The developed design variations are compared from the standpoints of crucial design aspects, such as the facade aesthetics, interior view, materialisation, ease of operation, functionality, and the overall architectural quality. Based on the defined structure of engineering the efficient facade and the research results, we suggest a lot of guidance and improved prototypes of the efficient facade for the further evaluation and realisation to improve their quality ranging from buildings to cities.

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ACTIVITY OF CREATION OF UNDERGROUND PARKING SYSTEM IN THE HISTORICAL CENTER OF SAMARA

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

This article considers the premises for creating the system of underground car-parks at Samara’s historic centre. The article gives reasons for the topicality of reconstructing transport infrastructure of modern historic metropolises. It gives the purpose of researching the problem and objects which need to be solved to achieve the purpose, including the need for developing an underground car-park system in Samara. While concurrently focusing on the necessity of using an integrated approach to engineering especially during the strategic planning and the engineering and economical comparison of various options due to the unique character and the processing complexity of the underground construction objects. The article states the need to explore similar papers on organising the underground parts of transport infrastructure in other Russian and world cities.

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THE REVIVAL OF OLD INDUSTRIAL URBAN NEIGHBOURHOODS IN THE CONTEXT OF GENTRIFICATION PROCESSES

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

The article defines the features of gentrification as an urban planning process and provides certain examples of old industrial urban neighborhoods renovation. A brief history of the concept of “gentrification” and the development of gentrification processes is presented. The most striking examples of gentrification and revival of old industrial urban neighborhoods and districts abroad and some features of these processes are described. The object of the research is former industrial urban areas, the subject of the research is the processes of gentrification and renovation of former industrial urban neighborhoods and blocks in the cities in Europe, America and Australia.

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article retracted: EVALUATION OF ENERGY POTENTIAL OF SOLAR AND WIND RESOURCES IN DESERT REGION OF SYRIA

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 07(97) July 2020 | 0 comments

The authors present data on the analysis of the natural potential of the SAR (Syrian Arab Republic) to determine the feasibility of developing solar and wind energy. The territory of Syria was zoned using the average value of the density of wind energy and the average density of solar energy based on the data of the Global Wind Atlas for the Mediterranean region. This made it possible to determine promising areas for the development of wind and solar energy, as well as calculate the approximate wind energy potential of the Desert Region, which is 177083 TWh in g, and the total potential of solar energy estimated at 20347445500 GWh/year.

The use of sustainable energy, such as solar and wind energy, can become the main direction of regional development as a national base for the electricity industry.

Taking into account the significant territorial resource of the Desert Region, the development of solar and wind energy contributes to the creation of new jobs, the growth of rural and urban settlements, and the formation of a sustainable resettlement system.

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RESEARCH OF THE PROBLEM OF APPLYING TECHNOLOGIES OF VERTICAL GARDENING ON THE DESIGNS OF TRANSLUCENT BUILDING ENVELOPES

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

Vertical gardening technologies are currently actively used in the construction of public and residential buildings with the elements of glass building envelopes. At the same time, there are no recommendations on the use of vertical gardening technologies on high-rise buildings of various functional purposes with translucent glass envelopes that increase insulation and illumination. However, due to the increase of indoor temperature, the load on the ventilation and air conditioning systems is intensively increasing. Thus, there is a necessity to develop solutions to improve the natural microclimate of rooms during high climatic temperatures. The solution to the problem might be related to the use of vertical landscaping technologies on the surfaces of translucent building envelopes, which is relevant and usually perceived as a technology for enhancing aesthetic and environmental benefits.

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MODERN USE OF BUILDINGS OF THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY IN HARBIN

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The study is devoted to the problems of the protection and use of buildings of the Russian architects in the historic Harbor area of Harbin. At present, Chinese architects and historians show great interest in Russian culture; a significant number of architectural monuments have been restored and are in a good state. However, a survey of the Harbor area revealed whole streets with old, dilapidated buildings, which are currently abandoned or improperly operated, which contributes to their further decay. The state of buildings and the lack of security measures allow government agencies to demolish these objects at any time. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a strategy for the restoration and further restoration of these objects of Russian culture and history.

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METHODS, MEANS AND RECEPTIONS OF HARMONIZATION OF ARCHITECTURAL ENVIRONMENT OF PENITENTIARY COMPLEXES

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue August 2014 | 0 comments

In article questions of formation, development and harmonization of the architectural environment of penitentiary complexes are taken up. Environmental levels of corrective system, its complexes and networks are defined. On the basis of theoretical and methodological approaches to problems of harmonization of the architectural environment types of an artificial environment of a regional network of placement of penitentiary complexes, their functional and planning structure, the volume, subject and spatial organization, and also means and methods of their improvement are defined.

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RECONSTRUCTION AND ADAPTATION – DEVELOPMENT ALTERNATIVES FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN POST-SOVIET MOSCOW

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue June 2014 | 0 comments

The present work aims to promote the discussion of alternatives for the development of urban housing strategies that are able to cope with today’s cities’ demand for adaptive, holistic and sustainable planning, within the context of the city of Moscow.

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