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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

USE OF SOLAR-PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES IN TRANSPARENT FACADES OF THE BIG AREA FOR PASSIVE COMPENSATION HEAT LOSS TO MAINTAIN A COMFORTABLE MICROCLIMATE OF PREMISES

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 8(86) August 2019 | 0 comments

Despite the widespread use in architecture of civil buildings of translucent facades of large areas, a large number of technical issues related to the improvement of the strength and heat-shielding characteristics of basic materials for the manufacture of facade structures remain unresolved. This article describes the main options for technical measures to ensure the required heat-shielding characteristics of translucent facades that directly affect the comfort of the climate in the premises of civil buildings with large glass areas. The results of this study make it possible to streamline theoretical and technical information about the methods of passive compensation of the influence of large areas of glazing on the climatic characteristics of the air environment of civilian buildings.

The article is addressed to designers, researchers, teachers, university students and graduate students.

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CHITECTURE OF REGIONAL TOURISM IN WORLD PRACTICE

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 6(84) June 2019 | 0 comments

Tourism is widely developed in world practice and increasing attention is paid to the development of the regional tourism. The article has a brief overview of the development of tourism facilities in various countries. The brightest objects of tourism are described. Pivotal factors affecting the formation, revival, and establishment of regional tourism facilities are revealed. The author has formed common features of the Regional Tourism Centres, which enables further application of the existing experience in the local design.

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COLOR IN ARCHITECTURE: AESTHETICS AND SYMBOLISM OF BLACK

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 5(83) May 2019 | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of the color solution in the architecture of constructions (polychromy) in traditional cultures and in the modern world. The authors study the question of the usage of black color (monochromy) in the architecture of buildings and structures. They study the change in the image of the building in connection with the use of black color in the solution of the architectural composition, the color of the walls or the details of the facade of a building. The aesthetics of black color in modern architecture and the symbolic meaning of black color in the traditional architecture of different nations are shown.

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METHODS OF OPTIMIZATION IN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue January 2014 | 0 comments

Clause is devoted to an actual problem – to research of application of methods of optimization during designing decorating architectural objects. The historical review of becoming of the theory of optimization as sciences from sources up to modern methods on the basis of author’s schemes is resulted. On the basis of synthesis of structure and material optimization utility of use of methods of optimization in decorating architectural projects shows.

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BUILDING OF NEW TYPES OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS IN CAPITAL OF SOVIET TATARIA – KAZAN IN THE FIRST POST-REVOLUTIONARY YEARS (1917 – A MEDIUM 1930)

Posted in 2014, ARCHITECTURE, Issue January 2014, Выпуск Январь 2014 | 0 comments

Article shows, how the social processes which are passing in our country, were reflected in architecture of public buildings of Kazan, reveals both positive, and negative experience which, is necessary for considering in a modern city building. Workings out of 1920-1930th years of new mass types of the public buildings which have received then a wide circulation in architecture of our country are useful. On the basis of the spent analysis some recommendations out the further development of architecture of public buildings of Kazan are made.

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VOLUMETRIC AND SPATIAL COMPOSITION OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №4(82) April 2019 | 0 comments

The article deals with the problem of developing the methodology of teaching composition in the framework of the basic discipline for students of the “Architecture” direction. The transformation of the “Volume-spatial composition” discipline into the “Composite modeling” discipline is investigated, the substantive content of the course on composition is shown, the author’s modernization of the teaching methods oriented to modern dynamic architecture is proposed as well. The authors showed the output of compositional modeling on the kinetic composition.

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RENOVATION AND INTEGRATION OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN MODERN URBAN ENVIRONMENT

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №3(81) March 2019, Issue №3(81) March 2019 | 0 comments

The paper discusses the methods and principles of the renovation of industrial buildings based on the existing experience. Due to the change in economic and production processes, the renovation and design of industrial areas are preserved in more detail, while retaining the production function. The search for new architectural and planning principles for introducing production into the structure of the modern city will make it possible to identify trends in the development of industrial architecture and to conclude that a universal industrial enterprise is needed.

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FEATURES OF LANDSCAPE AND ARCHITECTURAL ORGANIZATION OF CHURCHES AND MONASTERIES: DOMESTIC EXPERIENCE

Posted in 2019, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №1(79) January 2019 | 0 comments

The following article describes the Russian experience in landscape and architectural organization of temple and monastery complexes including the ones in the Volga region. The article was written in landscape architecture; therefore, it does not consider the life of monks, parishioners’ visits, etc. Emphasis is put on objects and elements of “green architecture” in already existing works, and, thus, the paper analyzes the articles of other authors and, as a result, research directions are selected defining the subject, purpose, objectives, scientific novelty and practical significance that will be revealed in other publications.

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STATISTICAL DATA ANALYSIS ON CONSTRUCTION OF MULTILEVEL RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS IN KYRGYZSTAN

Posted in 2018, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №12(78) December 2018 | 0 comments

Over the past decade, the capital of Kyrgyzstan has been transformed by residential buildings, not always demanded and justified. The economical and political situation in the country has significantly affected the architecture of the city, where commercial residential buildings dominate; they were built in a short time and not always meet the architectural, planning, city-planning, social and demographic requirements. Therefore, this article is devoted to the analysis of the development of the living environment in the modern market-economic conditions of the country.

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TOPICAL CITY PROBLEMS IN EDUCATIONAL DESIGN. CITY OF DEAD AND ALIVE

Posted in 2018, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №1(67) January 2018 | 0 comments

The old city cemetery as the place for the final phase of the “a man-a city” dialogue represents a variety of urban problems. The ability to address to its forms and spaces in the search for productive topics of educational design proves the opinions of various participants in the current discourse, historical examples, and also successful results in working with undergraduate architects of the initial stage of education. The development of the architectural form of the western entrance to the territory of the New-Tatar cemetery of Kazan has become the first experience of obtaining specific skills of in-situ surveys of the territory, comprehension of the revealed artifacts, and systematic search for design solutions for the students of the group 6AP05 (KSASU).

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GLASS AS COMPONENT OF MODERN NONLINEAR ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the use of glass as a material for the formation of nonlinear surfaces in modern architecture. Buildings with a curved surface create new connections between geometry and architectural materials. The strategies of rationalization of curvilinear surfaces with the use of flat and bent glass panels are considered in the article. The work includes the analysis of several examples, including: The Great Court (English: The Great Court, 1998-2000) in the British Museum, Golden Terraces (Polish: Złote Tarasy, 2000-2007), facade of the Strasbourg railway station (English: Strasbourg Train Station Extension, 2007).

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PROFESSIONAL VISION OF SPACE OF ARCHITECT: PROBLEM OF STEPWISE FORMING

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №12(66) December 2017 | 0 comments

The paper deals with the issues of formation of professional spatial vision at freshman classes of architectural schools from the standpoint of pedagogical psychology of higher education. The problem of the initial professional training of architects at the present stage is identified, it is concerned with the displacement of manual graphics training and prototyping by computer models at the freshman classes. It is shown that an updated generation of the architect’s professional competencies is required, focused on the unique problem of creating a harmonious, expressive space for the organization of life and habitat that meets all the necessary conditions for the existence of mankind and the surrounding nature.

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NEARBY MANORS OF NOBLE PEOPLE AS THE PHENOMENON OF THE HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL LIFE OF ST. PETERSBURG, ON THE EXAMPLE OF MIKHAILOVSKAYA DACHA PALACE AND PARK COMPLEX

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

The work deals with the phenomenon of nearby manors of noble people, as a part of historical and the architectural aspect in the formation of the city of St. Petersburg and its suburbs. In more detail, the history and stages of the formation, construction and reconstruction of the Mikhailovskaya Dacha Palace and Park Complex as one of the examples of nearby manors of the noble people are examined in this paper. This object was built by the talented outstanding architects, it has passed through the XXth century with significant losses and now the project of its adaptation for modern usage is currently being implemented. The problems of preservation and adaptation for the modern use of the objects of this type are currently acute for the architectural community.

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HISTORY OF FORMATION OF AREAS WITH LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT IN LENINGRAD IN 1944-1954

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

The city of Leningrad and, in particular, the urban economy was severely damaged during the years of the Great Patriotic War. The main direction of the reconstruction and development of Leningrad in the post-war period, along with the construction of multi-storey residential buildings, was the development of capital low-rise houses on the suburbs of the city. The following territories were allocated under low-rise construction: Nevsky, Kirov, Kalinin, Frunze, Primorsky and Vyborg, several microdistricts were built in each of them.

The review paper contains a description of the historical events of the period of the first post-war decade that influenced the evolution of low-rise housing complexes and created the prerequisites for improvement of the living conditions of the people living within the administrative boundary of the city.

The analysis of the domestic experience of low-rise residential building during the 1940s-1950s period makes it possible to identify certain urban planning techniques that can be used in modern design and construction.

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE MATERIAL FUND OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

Modern administrative agencies should be classified according to specific features of state social and economic management. Features of administrative agencies’ classification are a prerequisite for the structural formation of administrative agencies. Specific features of administrative agencies are presented in blocks. The classification of administrative agencies allows making a transition to typological architectural formation of objects. The range of premises and office space for officials of administrative agencies is justified on the basis of typology.

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DEFINITION OF PROTECTED SUBJECTS FOR ARCHEOLOGY OBJECTS, ON THE EXAMPLE OF NIZHNIAYA DACHA IN ALEXANDRIA PARK

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers the problems related to the definition of protected subject in accordance with the current legislation in the field of protection of historical and cultural monuments. The history of the construction of the cultural heritage object “Nizhniaya Dacha” in Alexandria park, which is an archeology object is presented, its protection items are given as well. Nizhniaya Dacha, which was built for the last Emperor Nicholas II, during the years of Soviet power and during the Great Patriotic War suffered a lot of losses and is now ruined.

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QUESTIONS OF FORMATION OF THE TERM “URBAN AGGLOMERATION”

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the origin and evolution of the concept of “urban agglomeration” in the Russian science and specifies the interpretation of this term in the Soviet and Russian theory and practice of urban development. The introduction of the term “urbanized region” into the Russian science is proposed. It is used to denote the territory of the urban agglomeration as an object of urban planning.

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GEOMETRIC SHAPES OF SHELLS IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

During the last decade, the geometric aspects of freeform architecture have defined a field of applications which is systematically explored and which conversely serves as inspiration for new mathematical research. This paper discusses topics relevant to the realization of freeform skins by various means (flat and curved panels, straight and curved members, masonry, etc.) and illuminates the interrelations of those questions with theory, in particular discrete differential geometry and discrete geometry.

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CLASSICAL TRADITION IN THE SUBURBAN CONSTRUCTION OF ROMANTICISM ERA IN RUSSIA AND GERMANY

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the study of the features of the classical tradition in the Romanticism era on the example of suburban construction. The contemporary issues of the theory of architecture, related to the metamorphoses of classical doctrine in the preecectic period, are considered as well. The issues of planning, volumecal and spatial composition, decorations and interrelation with the adjoining territory are analyzed on the example of Maximilian Leichterbergskiy’s grand duke’ s palace complexes in the Sergievka estate in the Leningrad region and Charlottenhof palace in Potsdam. Based on their comparison, the general patterns are revealed, as well as unique features imposed by the specifics of the Russian and German history of architectures.

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EXPLORATION ON TECHNOLOGY OF LOW-CARBON BUILDING RETROFIT IN NORTHEAST CHINA SEVERE COLD RURAL DISTRICT

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 7(61) July 2017 | 0 comments

Retrofitting of existing buildings is being considered as one of the main approaches to achieve sustainability in the built environment at relatively low cost and high uptake rates. According to the analysis on examples at severe cold rural district, the study analyzed two passive low-carbon retrofit methods,additional passive sun room and increase the performance of external wall insulation. By using the DeST-h software to compare the change of the temperature and index of design load for heating of building of the general model before and after the retrofit, this study presented three conclusions.

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