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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ARCHITECTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

URBAN REHABILITATION FOR THE DEPRESSED INDUSTRIAL TERRITORIES (FOR EXAMPLE FACTORIES “SEVERNY KOMMUNAR”, VOLOGDA)

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The history of redevelopment practices began in the United States in the mid-20th century, here the state program of reconstruction of the central parts of the cities was carried out. The process of redevelopment is relevant for the city of Vologda: while the city is growing to the south, where blocks are being built that lack the proper level of improvement and infrastructure, which are torn away from the city center, there are promising abandoned industrial areas near the center. That is why in 2019, changes were made to the General Plan of the city. The industrial and warehouse territories of the city of Vologda, as well as the problems of rehabilitation of depressive urban space, are investigated. The spatial structure of the harmful effects of industrial areas of the city is considered. Zones of non-functioning empty enterprises “tear” the urban fabric apart, isolating residential neighborhoods from each other, blocking access to valuable resources. The former production and warehouse territory of the Severny Kommunar factory can be used as an educational and leisure complex, which functions include experimental and exhibition sites aimed at demonstrating wooden construction and wood products; as well as modern formats of training and training of specialists.

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ON THE TASKS OF RECONSTRUCTING THE HISTORIC STREETS IN THE CITY OF HARBIN

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The research discusses the problems of restoration and preservation of historic buildings in the city of Harbin. This article examines the problems of reconstructing the historical streets and blocks in the area of the Pier, where a large number of buildings bult by the Russian emigrants are concentrated. The unique facades of old buildings and the nature of the inner-block development present architectural interest. The reconstruction of the blocks makes it possible to develop new pedestrian spaces in the city as well as further prospects for the use of old buildings. The article examines new types of pedestrian precincts and proposes projects for the restoration of the historical environment of the Pier area in Harbin.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL PERCEPTION OF ARCHITECTURE IN THE ARCTIC ZONE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (AZRF)

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №6 (108) June 2021 | 0 comments

The development of the Arctic is one of the priority tasks of the spatial development of the Russian Federation. The article examines the reasons for the high migration capacity of the population of the Russian Arctic; the connection between the lack of public places (as a consequence – the lack of informal communication) and migration, the moral decline of residents. Suggestions were made to improve the Arctic development strategy with the help of architectural techniques and tools that positively affect the psychoemotional perception of the urban environment.

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ON IMPROVING THE ORGANIZATION OF CREATING A COMFORTABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR MUNICIPAL SETTLEMENTS

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №5 (107) May 2021 | 0 comments

The production activities of municipal enterprises to create a comfortable environment of municipal settlements, in particular on the objects of landscaping, are defined by high costs and deadlines for the execution of work. The low level of organizational and technological preparation of production activities as well as the low level of public funding are the main reasons for low efficiency, which confirms the relevance of the issue under study. The need to change the order of organizational and technological preparation for the realizing construction and landscaping projects in order to create a comfortable urban environment, the authors propose to ensure the development of project documentation (Construction Management Plan (CMP) and Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS)) for all technological processes.

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ON THE ROLE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF BUILDINGS

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №5 (107) May 2021 | 0 comments

Nowadays, nanotechnology has been presented as an innovative research field in modern technology, various industries, and highly efficient buildings. Using nanotechnology as a flexible phenomenon and its application in the construction industry has given more stability, decreased energy consumption, and improved construction materials’ performance. In this paper, the authors tried to introduce and analyze nanomaterials and their application in the different parts of the building and construction industry. The research, which was done based on descriptive-analytical methods, indicated that nanomaterial technologies are useful for building infrastructure and effectively ensure the environment’s sustainability.

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ON THE IMPACT OF NATURAL AND CLIMATIC FACTORS ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE CITIES OF HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE IN TAJIKISTAN

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №5 (107) May 2021 | 0 comments

The study examines environmental and climatic problems, including environmental protection as well as the impact of negative factors on urban space, architectural monuments, buildings, and structures in the cities of Tajikistan. The authors of the study provide methods of rational use of landscaping in an urban environment.

The acceleration of the physical deterioration of the objects of cultural heritage by anthropogenic and natural factors threatens their longevity and the possibility of being passed on to future generations. The disparity between the dangers to be prevented and the means used for these purposes is constantly increasing.

The article assesses the methods of eliminating the negative factors affecting the destruction of architectural monuments and historical cities, improving the quality of the urban environment, changing the silhouette and scale of urban developments with the help of new building materials and technologies, where there are problems of protecting and using cultural heritage as well as preserving the historical centers and regions of historical importance in the cities of Tajikistan.

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TO THE QUESTION OF TEORETIKO-METODOLOGICHESKIH BASES OF IDENTIFICATION OF THE MAIN IDEA OF THE PROJECT

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE, Issue October 2013 | 0 comments

Despite the relevance of the mechanism of nucleation of the creative act are considered the reasons that trigger creative exploration, including core content concept of “Architecture”. Universal architect’s creative method is the most important means of creative problem solving.

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PROMISING ECOLOGICAL APPROACHES IN THE KEY TRAJECTORIES OF TYPOLOGY DEVELOPMENT IN HIGH-DENSITY MULTI-STOREY RESIDENTIAL COMPLEXES IN REGIONS WITH A DRY HOT CLIMATE

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

All of the world’s developed countries are moving towards modern and promising environmental approaches in their residential development planning programs. Iraq is one of the countries that is developing promising environmental approaches in the construction of multi-storey residential complexes in all of its regions with a hot, dry climate. The hypothesis of the study is the application of highly effective environmental approaches and urban planning conditions associated with the reality of new housing in any area, which will create truly ecological architectural solutions that form an ideal residential complex.

The study selects high-density multi-storey residential complexes in the areas of Baghdad (Republic of Iraq), where a hot, dry climate is prevalent. Based on this selection, the authors of the study note the urban determinants in the conditions of Iraq: the characteristics of the climate zone, the appropriate type of multi-storey residential complexes, the development stakeholders and their tools, the architectural quality, the appropriate energy-saving system, and the increase in population density.

The authors present a developed sequence of functional, specific, and detailed relationships between high-performance environmental global approaches and the main directions of the determinants that are characteristic of the development of high-density multi-storey residential complexes in dry hot regions.

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ON THE PRESERVATION OF ARCHITECTURAL AND CITY-PLANNING HERITAGE OF THE MODERNIST ERA

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue №4 (106) April 2021 | 0 comments

The current article introduces an approach to solving a number of architectural and urban planning problems of individual cities of the Siberian region with the purpose of achieving sustainable development. The study contains an analysis of urbanized territories (non-articulated residential, degrading industrial territories, etc.) in the cities of the southern part of Western Siberia as well as discusses the problems of their architectural renovation, and preservation of the architectural heritage of the modernist era. The authors of the article propose the criteria of preservation and architectural and planning principles of the modern use of cultural heritage buildings of modernism, including architectural monuments of constructivism (a unique style of the 30s of the 20th century), which are particularly vulnerable due to weak legal protection and low evaluation among the public.

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MODERN PROBLEMS OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE OF LARGE CITIES

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE, Issue November 2013 | 0 comments

The article considers the problems of formation of landscape architecture and its elements in large cities, the improvement of the general ecological situation by increasing the territory of green plantings, the criteria for achieving a comfortable environment for people in the modern city.

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SAWDUST-CEMENT COMPOSITES AS SOUND INSULATION MATERIALS

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

Sawdust-cement composites are widely used in many countries for both indoor and outdoor applications. Their strength properties allow them to be used as building materials (siding, roofing, cladding, fencing, etc.) and their acoustic capabilities prove to be useful as highway sound barriers. These composites have unique advantages over other conventional materials. Usually, these products combine the properties of cement (relatively high resistance to water, fungus, termite infestation and significant sound insulation) and wood (high strength-to-weight ratio, workability). Products such as concrete or brick simply reflect sound waves from their surface in different directions, while the products made of cement-bonded particles absorb or completely eliminate the incoming sound waves, which significantly reduces the overall noise level.

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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF THE FORMATION PATTERNS OF RECREATIONAL AND MEDICAL FACILITIES

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 02(104) February 2021 | 0 comments

This article discusses the main historical stages in the design of sanatoriums and health resorts in Russia and abroad. The study explores the evolution of the concept of “sanatorium” (a facility with spa and medical services in countries of the former Soviet Union) through the architectural and spatial organization of recreational activities from a historical perspective. The analysis of the Russian facilities was based on the territories of Sochi and the Crimean Peninsula while the foreign facilities are represented by SPA resorts in Europe and the United States. The study identifies the key trends in the design of the facilities under study according to each selected historical period. The authors formulate the general trends and differences in the design of resort institutions of various types and outline the main functional and planning solutions.

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WAYS OF FORMING THE TERRITORIAL NETWORK OF PENITENTIARY CENTERS IN UKRAINE

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE, Issue 12(19) December 2013 | 0 comments

In the article the problem of reformation of territorial network of existent prisons and arrest houses is considered in the system of the inhabited places and city agglomerations of Ukraine. It is exposed in accordance with researches, that the role of city agglomerations in the developed systems of the inhabited places at forming of network of prisons will be saved. This fact will influence on forming of a few alternative variants of placing of correctional establishments on territories of Ukraine, among which regional, local and mixed.

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CONTENT COMPOSITION AS MEANS OF INTELLECTUALIZING THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF AN ARCHITECTURE STUDENT

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

The article discusses the meanings of one of the educational tasks of the discipline “Compositional modeling” and the work process of the second-year students from the group 8АП04 of the Institute of Architecture and Design of the Kazan State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering in the first semester of 2019-2020. The task was based on the collision of formal geometric paradoxes of impossibilism with individual regional narratives. This approach proved to be effective and productive in the formation of individual styles and approaches of archutecture students of the initial stage of training. As a result, the work of the students was displayed at an exhibition in one of the oldest museums in Kazan, the memorial house of V. I. Lenin (August 2020). Getting such an experience for a student is an opportunity for a conscious transition from a formal composition to a substance composition. It is on its basis that a personified type of current architectural discourse on urban space as a medium is built.

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CREATING A COMFORTABLE ENVIRONMENT IN SMALL-SCALE APARTMENTS

Posted in 2021, ARCHITECTURE, Isssue № 01(103) January 2021 | 0 comments

Creating a comfortable environment is a multifaceted problem. The need to transform a small living space into a full-fledged, compact, comfortable apartment that meets the modern comfort requirements is a relevant task for modern architects and designers. The various approaches and individual concepts in this area demonstrate their consistency from the point of view of providing both physical and mental comfort. The authors of the article come to the conclusion that harmony and comfort are key factors that allow for the consideration of small-scale apartments not only as an economically forced decision but as a full-fledged way of organizing life in accordance with the modern concept of reasonable consumption.

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PROTECTION OF SCHOOLS AND PRESCHOOL ESTABLISHMENTS LOCATED IN CIVILIAN AREAS FROM NEGATIVE IMPACT OF URBAN TRANSPORT

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The paper analyses the development of site plans that prevent the noise and environmental pollution produced by urban transport from getting to the territory of schools and preschool establishments. The most effective in achieving this goal are the group home buildings with minimal breaks which are filled with balconies and sun porches, retail outlets, and social infrastructure and amenities, utility facilities. The article suggests planning and construction arrangements in order to sustain the appropriate level of noise and environmental pollution in the preschool establishments and schools located in civil areas.

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ON THE HUMANITY OF ARCHITECTURAL SPACE

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 12(102) December 2020 | 0 comments

The spatial factor is the major and determining factor for the development of architecture. As the history of civilization shows, architecture has become a second environment for human activity along with nature. However, humanity does not yet have an accurate understanding or scientific definition of such a factor of its existence as its natural or artificial spatial environment. This study aims to demonstrate the spacetime and mutual continuities between spaces at different scales – individual, social and local. A single geometric structure is a spatial matrix that defines all the life processes of objective-subjective relations between man, being and form on earth.

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ARCHITECTURE, SPACE AND THE DIGITAL

Posted in 2013, ARCHITECTURE | 0 comments

The purpose of this work is to raise awareness to the increasing influence of technology and the digital in the way people relate to space and Architecture. New ways to interact with the environment and between each other have altered the way we perceive; hence the built environment is switching meanings. If architecture is to cope up with these changes, its boundaries need to expand to new dimensions.

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ARCHITECTURE OF BAROQUE STYLE CHURCHES IN THE MIDDLE VOLGA REGION

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

This research was carried out under the State Program of the Russian Federation, Development of Science and Technology for 2013-2020 within the framework of the Plan for Basic Scientific Research of the Ministry of Construction of Russia and the RAACS, research project 1.2.14. The goal of the study is to identify the features of the regional religious architecture in the Middle Volga region. The work provides the results of the analysis of a wide range of issues related to the formation of the architecture of Orthodox churches in the middle Volga region in the 18th century. The authors considered layout, composition, and decoration features of the architecture of the Orthodox churches in the region. They revealed several features of the baroque style in the religious buildings of the Middle Volga region. The extensive amount of materials on field surveys is presented in this work. The primary source of data for writing this article was the survey of the territories of the Middle Volga region. The authors also analyzed materials available in the central and local archives and museums.

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DECORATION PRINCIPLES OF URBAN PUBLIC SPACES

Posted in 2020, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

The paper considers the issues related to the emergence of eortology (the science of holidays). The author considers the concept of a “holiday,” and identifies its main features and functions.

Besides, the author proposes the classification of holidays depending on the celebration form: festive processions, folk festivals and mass shows. Certain attributes and festive decorations are selected for each form; they must be installed during the festive period. It is proposed to divide the festive elements of the urban environment into two groups: multifunctional use and targeted use.

Two types of urban spaces are considered in this work: linear and areal. Universal 3D schemes for the festive decoration of urban spaces are presented in the paper. They allow obtaining basic models of the subject-spatial organization of festive events, taking into account their holding in spaces of different types.

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