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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF CULTIVATION ONE YEARS FORAGE PHYTOCENOSIS UNDER CONDITIONS OF SAKHALIN ISLAND

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The author presents the results of studies on productivity, biochemical composition, protein, and energy value of mixed phytocenoses of annual forage crops based on oats, vetch, and rape. Over three years of research, feed productivity on average varied between 36.1-45.8 t/ha of green mass, 4.3-5.9 dry matter, 0.74-0.84 raw protein, 3.5-5, 1 t/ha of feed units and 47.7-59.0 GJ/ha of exchange energy, depending on the composition of the phytocenosis and the harvesting period. The net energy income from the cultivation of annual phytocenoses was 35.16-51.79 GJ/ha. Energy efficiency factors and planting efficiency of annual phytocenoses confirmed the efficiency of their cultivation in the monsoon climate of the island region. The maximum sowing efficiency and the lowest energy cost were obtained from a two-component oat-rape rapeseed phytocenosis during harvesting in the flowering phase (a full earing).

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OIL CROPS – IMPORTANT LINK IN DIVERSIFICATION OF GRAIN PRODUCTION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The article assesses one of the most promising and valuable oil crops and namely – mustard by its suitability for the diversification of grain production in Northern Kazakhstan. The role of fertilizers in increasing the productivity and quality of crops is shown. A method for solving the problems of agriculture through targeted management of soil fertility, productivity, and quality of crops is proposed.

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GROWING OWN-ROOTED GRAPE SEEDLINGS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The current situation with the increased needs of the vinicultural industry for high-quality planting material shows an urgent need for intensive-type ovaries.

Agricultural policy that is carried out in intensive-type ovaries and industrial vineyards is generally similar to that, and it is aimed at creating favorable conditions for active growth and the growth of annual growth. The paper discloses a method for growing root-grape seedlings of grapes in mother liquors of an intensive type within the framework of production farms.

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SELECTION OF GRAIN, SUGAR SORGHUM AND SUDAN GRASS FOR LARGE-SEEDING

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of studying the inheritance of a number of traits in hybrids of the first and second generation from crossing a large-grain sample IS-12198 with grain sorghum Sunny 85, sugar sorghum – Zernogradsky amber and sudan grass D-1-90-12. Analysis of F1 showed intermediate inheritance in length of the growing season and 1000-grain weight, and plant height, length and panicle weight – dominance and overdominance large quantities. The average values of F2 hybrids were lower in almost all respects than in F1, due to a decrease in heterosis due to the fact that some of the genes switched to a homozygous state. Differences in the number of genes between the parent forms were different depending on the combination. The differences in plant height were 0-2 genes, in the growing season-1-2, in the length of the panicle-0-1, in the width of the panicle-0-1, in the mass of the panicle-1-3, in the mass of 1000 grains – 2-6 genes. In the process of work, precocious low-growth lines with a compact dense panicle and large (up to 60 g) grain were selected.

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FEATURES OF INDUSTRIAL NATURAL USE IN THE SOUTHERN ZONE OF THE ROSTOV REGION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The paper describes the use of the natural resource potential of the Rostov region. The author considered features of agricultural production in the FSUE “Manychskoye,” they have identified zonal soil protection measures. The agronomic and energy assessment of crop rotation productivity was carried out to identify the need for full use of natural and human-made resources. The set of crops depends on the specialization of a company. The presence of livestock industries and the availability of their highly productive feed are of great importance. The author also presents the features of field feed production, the characteristics of the cultivation of perennial and annual grasses.

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FEATURES OF QUANTITATIVE SIGN MANIFESTATION IN LINUM USSITATISSIMUM L. VARIETIES UNDER SALT STRESS CONDITIONS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The authors present the results of laboratory studies on the testing of six varieties of oil flax under salt stress conditions. In order to obtain more objective data, we studied varieties in Petri dishes and vegetation vessels. Based on the early diagnosis of varieties, their variability with respect to the stress factor was revealed by the morphometric parameters of seedlings and vegetative plants. The authors established the varieties with a high degree of resistance at relatively low and medium concentrations of chloride salinity, which can be used as sources in the selection of oil flax for salt tolerance.

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FORMATION OF EVOLVING LAND-RECLAMATION REGIME ON IRRIGATED LANDS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The concept of the “reclamation regime” is used to assess the interaction of irrigation and drainage systems with environmental components on reclaimed lands. The increment of energy in the agro-ecosystem and its maintenance in the process of reclamation systems is the criterion for a more favorable reclamation regime forming on irrigated lands. Based on the energy approach, classification of reclamation regimes is proposed, including the evolving, compensatory, and critical types. Reclamation and agro-technical measures for the formation of an evolving reclamation regime on irrigated lands are considered, the implementation of which allows regulating water-air, salt, nutrient and other regimes on reclaimed soil at the normative level for the functioning of growth and development processes of agricultural plants.

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MEAT PRODUCTIVITY OF SIX MONTHS LAMBS OF KATUMA AND GORKY BREEDS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 06(96) June 2020 | 0 comments

The results obtained in this work confirm that the carcasses of the Katuma breed sheep are heavier than the carcasses of Gorky breed sheep. On average, the advantage is of 2.5 kg or 13.9% (p>0.99). In terms of slaughter weight, this advantage is approximately 2.56 kg, which is 14% (p <0.99). The value of the carcass is primarily determined by the content of pulp in it, the meat and fat ratio. The share of valuable cuts in Katuma sheep is also higher compared to Gorky sheep (2.09%). The paper shows that the Gorky breed sheep can be classified as a meat-wool breed since it is characterized by rather high rates of meat and wool. With a live weight of 40.02 ± 2.85 kg, slaughter weight is 10.44 ± 1.98 kg (25%). Accordingly, approximately 75% of body weight is lost. Sheepskin weight indicators, in this case, are 4.5 ± 0.14 kg, which is 11.25%. When comparing these values with the features of sheep of Katuma breed, the author has noted that no more than 1.7% of the sheepskin is observed in sheep of the Katuma breed. The meat indices for Katuma sheep rams are approximately 39.5%, which significantly exceeds the similar indices for Gorky breed rams (25%).

Accordingly, according to the ratio of meat and sheepskin, the Katuma breed can be classified as a breed of the meat direction, while the Gorky breed can be attributed to the breeds of the meat-wool direction. Fat indicators in sheep of the Katuma breed are 0.57 ± 0.03 kg., As for sheep of the Gorky breed: 0.43 ± 0.06 kg. The more fat an animal has, the more nutritious its meat is. Therefore, the meat of Katuma breed sheep of the age of six months is more nutritious. The chemical composition of the pulp showed that the meat of the Katuma rams at the age of six months is more mature since it has the highest dry matter content. The meat of the rams of the Gorky breed was much less mature in maturity. The high maturity of the Katuma sheep meat indicates their higher precocity.

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EFFICIENCY OF ZEOLITE HONGURIN WHEN GROWING A GOOSE IN THE YAKUTIA

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of studies aimed at determining the effectiveness of hongurin zeolite included into the diet of young geese grown in Yakutia. Studies were conducted on the basis of the part-time farm of the Yakut State Agricultural Academy. To conduct experiments on breeding geese with the help of zeolite hongurin in their diet, two groups of experimental birds were formed and selected according to the principle of analogues. In the course of research, generally accepted research methods in animal science were used. Previously, we conducted a scientific and economic experiment to determine the most efficient inclusion dose of hongurin zeolite when growing young geese. In this study, the best rate of inclusion of hongurin into the diet of young geese was determined and amounted to 5% of the dry matter of the diet. The supplement provided intensive growth and development of birds, contributed to the improvement of their physiological state, pathological anatomical dissection of birds showed that organs remained unchanged in all groups. The next stage of the study was to determine the effectiveness of hongurin zeolite when growing young geese among a bigger number of units. At the time of the experiment, the main diet per head consisted of 328 g of compound feed and 100 g of cabbage leaf, which amounted to 4.009 MJ of metabolizable energy. At the end of the experiment, data were obtained proving the effectiveness of hongurin zeolite in feeding young geese. The live weight in the experimental group of birds averaged 5564.71 g compared to 5181.16 g in the control group of geese. Thus, studies show the effectiveness of breeding young geese with the help of zeolite hongurin in their diet in Yakutia.

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LOCAL NON-TRADITIONAL FEED ADDITIVES IN FEEDING CATTLE IN YAKUTIA

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the main results of the study of the influence of non-traditional animal feed additives on the milk production indices of first-calf heifers of the Red Steppe Breed among the cattle of Yakutia. Studies were carried out on the basis of the “Krestyakh” agricultural complex of the Suntarsky district of Yakutia. To conduct the studies, we divided animals into 3 experimental groups, 12 animals in each, according to the principle of analogues with regard to such indicators as the level of milk productivity, age, weight and physiology. Research methods generally accepted in animal science were used while carrying out the experiment. The analysis of the milk production of experimental first-calf heifers showed that the inclusion of non-traditional animal feed additives into the daily diet of heifers increases their milk yield by 6.12% and 9.96%. During the period of the research, all morphological and biochemical blood parameters of the experimental subjects were within the established standards. Therefore, the data of our scientific and economic experiments show the prospects of using local non-traditional animal feed additives in the livestock system of Yakutia.

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NON-TRADITIONAL FEED ADDITIVES IN THE RATIONS OF GROWING YOUNG CATTLE IN THE CONDITIONS OF YAKUTIA

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of studying the influence of local non-traditional animal feed additives on the growth and development indicators of replacement heifers of Red Steppe Breed among the cattle of Yakutia. The experiments were carried out on the basis of the Krestyakh agricultural complex in the Suntarsky district. Experimental groups of animals were formed to participate in the experiments. Replacement heifers were divided into 3 groups of 10 animal units each. Groups were formed on the basis of analogues, where indicators of age, live weight, clinical indicators, and growth rate were taken into account. During the study, generally accepted zoo-technical research methods were used. The growth rate of replacement heifers in different months of their cultivation was established when weighing them. The comparison of the indicators of average daily gains and the dynamics of the live weight of the experimental repair young animals, showed that the animals of experimental groups I and II had the highest growth rates, which exceeded the peers from the control group by 8.14% and 12.89%. During the period of research, all clinical and biochemical blood parameters of experimental repair heifers did not go beyond the established physiological norms. Thus, the data of scientific and economic experiments show the prospects of using local non-traditional feed additives in the livestock system of Yakutia.

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EFFICIENCY OF COMBINED USE OF BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL FUNGICIDES AGAINST CERCOSPOROSIS OF SUGAR BEET IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE CENTRAL ZONE OF

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The chemical method of protecting sugar beets from phytopathogens is the leading one in the system of integrated plant protection. On the territory of the Russian Federation, 95 drugs are allowed for use against sugar beet cercosporosis, 11 of which are biological fungicides [6]. The article presents the results of evaluating the effectiveness of biological(BFTIM KS-2, Zh) and chemical fungicides (Alto Super, KE) in the fight against sugar beet cercosporosis in the central zone of the Krasnodar Territory. In variants with double and triple use of drugs, a decrease in the development of the disease was found to be 2.5 … 2.6 times, and the increase in sugar beet yield in relation to the control (without treatment) was 22.9% … 24.8%.

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STUDYING ANCIENT WAYS OF FISH OIL COOKING BY EVENKIS IN ZHIGANSK DISTRICT OF SAKHA REPUBLIC (YAKUTIA)

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The peoples who constantly ate fish and fish oil had better health. Lots of scientific papers and publications today are devoted to the beneficial properties of fish oil. Many researchers believe that about 80% of the population does not receive the required norm of polyunsaturated fatty acids in our country, and their lack of human diet is a serious threat to health.

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ALLEAL POLYMORPHISM OF CSN3 AND CSN2 GENES MILK-BREEDING BULLS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a comparative analysis of the frequencies of alleles and genotypes for the CSN3 and CSN2 genes. The high frequency of the desired CSNZVV genotype is found among brown breeds – Jersey, Brown Schwyz and Kostroma – from 0.4000 in Kostroma bulls to 0.6933 in Jersey. Assessment of the distribution of the desired genotype CSN2A2A2 showed that two breeds are leading – Schwyz and Kostroma with a frequency of occurrence of the genotype 0.9090 and 0.6250, respectively. The milk yield of the daughters of manufacturing bulls with complex genotypes – CSNЗВВ CSN2А2А2 and CSNЗАВ CSN2А2А2 was higher than that of peers by 455 and 474 kg (P <0.05) of milk, respectively. Thus, bulls with these complex genotypes are the most valuable in breeding terms. Analysis of the distribution of the desired complex genotypes – CSN3ВВ CSN2A2A2 and CSN3АB CSN2A2A2 among bulls of eight breeds showed that two breeds are leading – Schwyz and Kostroma with genotype frequencies of 0.7273 and 0.5000, respectively. It should be noted the Kostroma breed of cattle, which is one of the best domestic breeds. It is the emphasis on the cheese suitability and dietary properties of milk from Kostroma cows that makes it possible to preserve this valuable, small domestic breed.

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EXPERIENCE IN USING BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS FOR INTRODUCTION INTO ORGANIC POTATO PRODUCTION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The publication presents data on the effectiveness of the use of biologics for introduction into organic potato production in the monsoon climate of the Sakhalin region. The proposed preparations (Alirin-B, Vitaplan, Trichocin) is tested on middle-class Zekura in conditions of high infectious background. According to the results of research, biologics increased the resistance of plants to pathogens of late blight and rhizoctoniosis. The best score for the major economic traits was achieved in the treatments of potato Trichocin. From its action, the yield increased by 3.5 t / ha and marketability by 7.5%. Also, this technique allows you to learn additional income up to 73 thousand rubles/ha.

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APPLYING GROWTH REGULATORS ON TOMATOES UNDER CONDITIONS OF PRIMORSK REGION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 05(95) May 2020 | 0 comments

The authors have conducted their study in the field; they used the Novichok tomato variety in their work. The plot area was 5.6 sq.m., 3-fold repeating. The work presents the results of studies of the following growth regulators: Epin-Extra, Zircon, Biosil. The authors have carried out phenological observations during the growing season, as well as counts on disease prevalence, and harvesting, separately on each plot as they matured. They have carried out a diagnosis of diseases to external signs. Surveys for disease prevalence showed that the preparations protected the tomato from septoria, late blight and contributed to an increase in yield. Tomato productivity ranged from 17.7 to 20.1 t/ha.

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INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ON CONTENT OF MOBILE PHOSPHORUS IN SOIL

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue September 2014 | 0 comments

Results of researches conducted in long-term stationary experiment, on the effects of sewage sludge and manure on the dynamics of mobile phosphorus in the soil. Providing of plants mobile phosphorus researches, which determines the stability of crop yields.

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MONITORING THE SOIL PROTECTION ROLE OF RAVINE FOREST BELT IN THE SOUTH OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 04(94) April 2020 | 0 comments

Long-term studies confirm high soil-protective effectiveness of preventing soil washout and erosion in places of its highest concentration (ravines, hollows) when combining a ravine forest belt with dams, ramparts and ditches. The duration of their action depends largely on the systemic application of elements of the soil protection complex on the water-collecting header.

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STUDY OF HYBRID PRODUCTIVITY ON STERILE BASIS OF WHITE-GRAIN SORGHUM

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 04(94) April 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the study of hybrids of grain sorghum. Hybrids of the first generation emerged from crossing sterile sorghum lines with domestic varieties and samples were studied under field conditions in the control nursery. It was found that hybrids formed a grain yield of 7.45-8.35 t/ha, exceeding the Zernogradskoye 53 standard by 1.75-2.65 t/ha. In terms of plant height, hybrids differed slightly from the standard, from 103 to 130 cm. Heterosis in leaf-stem mass was more significant than in mass of panicles and grain. Among the studied hybrids of the first generation, the A-36TX x Perspective 1 hybrid combination was especially distinguished, which turned out to be the earliest (54 days) and the most fruitful (8.35 t/ha).

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PROSPECTS FOR THE USE OF ORGANIC WASTE OF THE KERCHEN SHIP REPAIRING YARD IN CRIMEA

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 04(94) April 2020 | 0 comments

The main waste at the ship repairing yard and in shipbuilding industry is non-organic. Most often these are metal processing wastes, used oils, rags and other similar wastes. However, there is also a significant group of organic waste – waste from mechanical cleaning of water transport frames. Like any other organic waste, this organic material can be used as part of the compost mix and further applied in agriculture.

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