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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

ON THE LEVEL OF THE USE OF PERFORMANCE COMBINE HARVESTERS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

The method of determining the level of use of the performance of combine harvesters. An example of this level of evaluation for performance combines per day.

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TO THE PROBLEM OF MONITORING OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES SEASONALLY WATER-LOGGED SOILS OF IMMOVABLE STEPPE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

In the conditions of a seasonal overwetting there is a significant conversion of arguments of physical condition of soils. In soils of Immovable Steppe of a various degree of hydromorphism to ascending of its degree there was an augmentation of density of build of soils – subjects of inquiry. In arable soils occurrence of a band of an agrogene repacking on depth from 10 to 25 sm, agricultural utilisation caused by the durable continuance becomes perceptible. Key factor of change of physical properties is the singularity of character and a degree of implication of a seasonal overwetting of chernozem soils.

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INDICATORS OF ECONOMIC USEFUL TRAITS HORSES OMSK REGION

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue December 2014 | 0 comments

This article presents the interim results of the expedition Survey horse breeding industry in farms with different forms of ownership in the Omsk region.

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INFLUENCE OF TWO BIOPREPARATIONS ON SEEDS AND SEEDLINGS OF PINUS SYLVESTRIS L. AND PICEA ABIES (L.) H. KARST

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The article considers some constructive effects of two commercial biopreparations “Вэрва” и “Вэрва-ель” (introducer – Chemical institute of Komi Scientific Center of Ural division of RAS, Syktyvkar, Russia) on seeds and seedlings of P. sylvestris L. and P. abies (L.) H. Karst. As a results both of biopreparations recommended to use as the elements of technology for growing of seedlings in forest greenhouses.

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THE ROLE OF FARMERS IN THE FOOD SECURITY OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

Discusses the influence of farmers on the food security of Russia. It is established that defines the value to increase the volume of production in farms provides agricultural machinery.

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TOTAL WATER CONSUMPTION OF CORN IN INTERPHASE PERIODS OF PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

Analysis of the results of experimental data fostered the development of the irrigation technology for different modes of water consumption by crops of corn on the low-power southern black earth of the Volgograd region with the introduction of various doses of mineral fertilizers for the planned grain yield. We carried out a research of zoned varieties and hybrids of maize from the technological and agro-technological points of view, considered their response to irrigation and application of mineral fertilizers with regard to the modes of moisture and biological characteristics of varieties and hybrids adapted to local conditions. The analysis of the dynamics of water consumption by corn, according to varietal crops, inter-phase periods of growth and development of plants is given. The statement was confirmed that the total water consumption by corn is not constant and depends on many factors, both external (soil properties, conditions of the growing season and year, agricultural technology), and internal related to plant biology.

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THE IMPACT OF BIOLOGICAL RECLAMATION ON DEGRADED PASTURE AREAS IN THE DRY STEPPE ZONE OF AKMOLA REGION, THE REPUBLIC OF THE KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(100) October 2020 | 0 comments

The purpose of this work is to develop methods of biological reclamation, ensuring the renewal of the soil formation process, increasing the self-cleaning ability of the soil and the reproduction of biocenoses in the conditions of the dry steppe zone of Northern Kazakhstan. The article presents the results of studies of the biodiversity of phytocenoses formed in conditions of increased anthropogenic impact. Methods of biological reclamation were applied. The research was carried out in the village of Semenovka, Tselinograd district, Akmola region of the Republic of Kazakhstan. For the conduct of field experiments, the ecological state of ecosystems was studied. The research was conducted in two directions. In the first direction, ecological monitoring of the studied areas was carried out, in the second direction, biological reclamation was carried out. In the first direction, the ecological monitoring of the areas was carried out in 4 main transects (north, south, west, east), in the second direction observations were made of the field experiments established in 2015.
According to the results of the ecological monitoring of the area, it was revealed that the pasture areas were severely degraded. Analysis of species composition and a number of plants showed that the increase in the number of plants per square meter affects the productivity of biomass. In the studied territories, the plants were mainly represented by small plants not exceeding 2-3 cm in height. On the territory of Semenovka, 26 plant species from 11 families were identified. Edificators are mainly Artemisia absinthium and Agropyron cristatum. The average number of plants in the village of Semenovka was from 58.5 pcs/m2 in the northern direction and up to 145.4 pcs/m2 in the southern direction. As a result of the research, it was revealed that the state of the vegetation cover is on the 2nd and 3rd stages of the digression on most of the steppe pastures.
According to the results of observations of the biological reclamation of disturbed lands, 7 plant species, from 6 families, were identified in the experimental site of the second year of the study. Agropyrum cristatum and Bromopsis inermis were the Edificators of the grass stand the average number of which was 46:60 pcs/m2, respectively. It should be noted that the share of wormwood and fescue has decreased quite enough, but they are found in almost all variants. The average height of the grass stands increased to 29-28 cm. The increment of green mass in comparison with the control one was from 6.9 c/ha to 12.9 c/ha (barnyard + sainfoin).

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MODERN TECHNOLOGY OF FOOD EGGS PRODUCTION

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The article presents materials based on the results of manufacturing process development and reconstruction as well as technology of food eggs production.

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HEAVY METALS IN SOILS OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS OF 20-KILOMETRE SUBURBAN ZONE OF ZHYTOMYR

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The level of maintenance of heavy metals in soils on the territory of rural settlements of the 20-km suburban zone of Zhytomyr has bee n investigated. It has been established that the principal pollutants of soil are fixed forms of copper (coefficient of concentration Кр = 1,6 – 6,2), lead (Кр = 5,8 – 20,4) and zinc (Кр = 17,1 – 73,5)).

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INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS TEMPERATURES ON GERMINATION OF HEDYSARUM ALPINUM L. SEEDS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The article describes controlled scarification and temperature factors influence on the germination energy of Hedysarum alpinum L.

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LEGUMINOUS CROP ROTATION COMPONENT AS A FACTOR OF REPRODUCTION OF SOIL FERTILITY

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of studies sainfoin different years of use effect on agrophysical properties, enzymatic activity and soil fertility in different types of rotations.

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INFLUENCE SAINFOIN ON AGROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND FERTILITY OF SOILS IN DIFFERENT CROP ROTATIONS SOUTH-EAST TSCHZ

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue November 2014 | 0 comments

The paper presents results of studies on the effect of sainfoin on agrophysical properties and soil fertility in different types of rotations.

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DYNAMICS OF RADIAL GROWTH IN NORWAY SPRUCE COENOPOPULATIONS OF ALEXIS GROVES OF LOSINY OSTROV NATIONAL PARK

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The paper studies the variability of radial growth over five years, as well as the width of the annual ring in the old-age plantation Alekseevskaya grove on the territory of Losiny Ostrov National Park. The main regularities of its short-term and long-term variability of the radial growth, the peculiarities of the influence of meteorological parameters on the amount of growth are established. The performed research confirmed the uniqueness of the Alekseevskaya grove as a plant with a high environmental value. The collapse of a significant part of the plant because of wind is a loss, but it has allowed us to select unique wood samples that are valuable for dendrochronological analysis. Opportunities for their research are currently not fully used.

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DYNAMICS OF FOREST FIRES AND THE SUPPLY OF GROUND-BASED COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS IN THE BURABAY NATIONAL PARK FORESTS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

Over ten years, the authors analyzed the leading indicators of forest fires statistics on the territory of Burabay National Park, as well as the amount of surface fuel in the plantings of the most dangerous on fire forest types. It was determined that during the researched period, the maximum fire danger was noted in 2010 when 79 forest fires were recorded, and their total area was 338.4 hectares. In other years, the fire situation was more capable; however, fires occurred annually. Humans caused the absolute majority of forest fires. Lightning fires amounted to 6.4% of the total. In the aboveground phytomass of very dry pine trees, needles and cones dominate, and in dry pine trees, the “other” fraction, which makes for the decayed forest floor. Therefore, very dry pine forests are characterized by running and dry by independent forest fires. Based on the obtained data, the authors developed proposals on reducing the fire danger.

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PRODUCING GRAPE SOFTWOOD CUTTING IN INTENSIVE VINEYARDS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

Organising intensive vineyards is now pretty much obligatory for the successful growth and functioning of the grape-growing industry. Cutting making is one of the methods used to produce planting material. Vines are chosen based on some criteria adding to good germination and rooting. Holding a modern intensive vineyard allows getting ten times more cutting per hectare (up to 40-50 thousand cutting) if compared with cutting harvest of a traditional vineyard [1].

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NEW TECHNICAL GRAPE BREEDING NSC “IVIV NAMED. C. E. TAIROV”

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue October 2014 | 0 comments

The article presents new forms of wine grapes of National Scientific Centre «Tairov Research Institut of Viticulture and Wine-making» breeding suitable for cultivation in the Northern Black Sea coast of Ukraine.

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INTERRELATION OF PARAMETERS OF SOIL FERTILITY WITH THE SYSTEMATIC APPLICATION OF FERTILIZERS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue October 2014 | 0 comments

The results of correlation and regression analysis of the relationship of parameters of soil fertility, agro and agrochemical properties of leached chernozem, the productivity of crop rotations in the systematic application of fertilizers.

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COMMERCIAL-TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION DURING 2013 ENVIROMENTAL CONDITIONS OF CABERNET SAUVIGNON AND RKATSITELI SECOND VEGETATIVE GENERATION (G2) CLONES DEVELOPED AT NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CENTRE «TAIROV RESEARCH OF VITICULTURE AND WINEMAKING»

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue October 2014 | 0 comments

In the article the results of the studying research of the second vegetative generation clones (G2) technical grape variety Cabernet Sauvignon & Rkatsitelli have been presented. For a set of valuable biological, economic, technological, physical, chemical and biochemical parameters clones adapted to the conditions of the northern Black Sea coast have been previously identified.

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MILK PRODUCTIVITY OF COWS DEPENDING FROM ELECTRICITY DAIRY COMPLEXES AND FARMS IN THE PLAINS DAGHESTAN

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue October 2014 | 0 comments

The results of studies of the effect of power failure on milk productivity of cows bred on farms and complexes.

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PHITOSANITARY CONDITION OF SOWINGS OF SOYBEANS IN THE PRIMORSKY KRAI

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 08(98) August 2020 | 0 comments

This article provides results of the field studies of the phitosanitary situation ofsowings of soybeans in the Primorsky krai in 2017-2019 years. Complex of pests reffered to the order of Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Homoptera, Hemiptera has been revealed.The dominant pests species were identified: Paraluperodes suturalis nigrobilineatus Motsch., Aphis glicines Mats., Leguminivora glycinivorella Mats. The role of entomophages in reducing the number of pests in soybean crops has been established.

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