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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

CLIMATIC INDICATORS OF VARIOUS AREAS FOR THE BREEDING OF BEEF-PRODUCING ANIMALS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

Moving animals to new natural and climatic conditions leads to a change in their interior qualities reflected in economically useful signs. Different breeds of animals do not equally resist the influences of the new environment. Some changes are relatively superficial, but sometimes the adaptation process leads to a significant change in physiological functions of the body and to a decrease in natural resistance. Specific features of the climatic characteristics of the various breeding zones of beef cattle imported to the Krasnodar Region are studied in order to identify the most favourable climate for animals.

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STUDY OF THE EFFICIENCY OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS USE ON THE SOIL WITH VARIOUS PROVISION OF MOBILE PHOSPHORUS WHEN WINTER WHEAT GROWING

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

The effect of doses of mineral fertilizers on the yield and quality of winter wheat of the “Moscow 39” variety was studied in the field experiment in the Smolensk region on soddy-podzolic light loamy soil with varying availability of mobile phosphorus. Mineral fertilizer systems, presented in this article, are the most rationally to use on phosphate phone of Rf600 and Rf1200, created by applying phosphate flour. The highest yields and grain quality indicators on these phones were obtained with the joint application of nitrogen-potassium fertilizers with superphosphate. However, there was a tendency to reduce the crude protein and gluten in the grain of winter wheat with an increase in the dose of phosphorus fertilizers.

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NATURAL ZEOLITES MAY STIMULATE SUNFLOWER GROWTH UNDER AGROECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF NORTH-EASTERN KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue №11(65) November 2017 | 0 comments

In order to increase the sunflower outputs, science and technology search for efficient and relatively inexpensive mineral feeding. This study investigated the effect of natural zeolites and their combinations with phosphorus mineral fertilizers on growth and biological yield of sunflower varieties Fortimi and Zarya. A two-year field trial using a a randomized complete block (RCB) with three repetitions and eight treatments was conducted in the Uspensky district, Pavlodar region, Kazakhstan. tried to determine the effect of zeolite on the yield of seeds and the yields of sunflower. Considering variable climate conditions, introduction of natural zeolite in soil improved growth of plant biomass (taller plants), leaf area and photosynthetic potential and produced high yields compared to control (no fertilizer) variants. For instance, inspite of low germination rate (i.e. in 2016) variety Zarya showed high and stable yields, i.e. 3,00 to 3,55 t/ha after treatment with 3 and 5 t/ha zeolite and all combinations of zeolite with superphosphate.

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INFUENCE OF COMPLEX-MELIORATIVE FERTILIZER MIXTURES ON THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SOIL IN NORTH KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the research on the development of complex meliorative-fertilizer mixtures (CMFM). Microbiological methods were used to isolate Bacillus mesenteric, Bacillus megatherium, Sporosarcina ureae, Sporolactobacillus inutinus, Curvularia maculans and Curvularia interseminata fungi from the plant remains. 3 types of CMFM were created in the laboratory, consisting of soil, plant waste and microbial culture. Enzymatic, nitrogen-fixing activity, growth-stimulating and destructive properties of isolated strains of microorganisms were taken into account when creating CMFM. An increase in the yield of wheat by 13.4-29.5% was noted when introducing various types of bio-fertilizers into the soil.

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EFFECT OF SOWING TIME OF CORN-VETCH-OAT PHYTOCENOSIS ON PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF THE FEEDING MASS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF SAKHALIN

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The paper describes the results of three-year studies (2013-2015) on the effect of sowing time on the productivity and quality of feeding mass of the three-component phytocenosis (corn-vetch-oat) under the monsoon climate of the island region. The weather conditions in June on Sakhalin Island (typically low night and daytime air temperatures, high humidity and poor warming of the soil in the plow horizon) have a significant influence on the sowing time of phytocenoses with corn, related to heat-loving crops. The most stable feeding productivity of corn-vetch-oat mixture is formed during sowing in the second decade of June, when a positive thermal regime is established. Depending on the year of research for 88-93 days of vegetation of corn-vetch-oat phytocenosis, it is possible to obtain up to 80.5 tonnes/ha of green and 13.9 tonnes/ha of dry weight, 1.7 tonnes/ha of crude protein, and 12.8 tonnes/ha of fodder units and up to 130.8 GJ/ha of the exchange energy.

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PRODUCTIVITY OF VARIETY NUMBERS OF CLOVER MEADOW OF SINGLE-CUT DIPLOID TYPE IN CONTROL NURSERIES OF FSBSI SMOLENSK SRAES

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

A population of local origin H-2 was identified during the study of 17 varieties of single-cut clover meadow of diploid type, which by the yield of air-dry matter exceeded the standard by more than 15% in the conditions of high moisture availability and normal temperature regime on medium soddy podzolic soils with a high content of mobile phosphorus and medium content of mobile potassium. In a warm year with a weak lack of moisture on the soil with a similar fertility this variant was not inferior to control.

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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE PERSPECTIVE VARIETIES NUMBERS OF THE MEADOW CLOVER OF THE DOUBLE-CUT DIPLOID SELECTION OF FSBSI SMOLENSK STATE FARM

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

In generalizing the results of 8 years of research, K-5, C-434 and Nadezhnyi have been singled out among 24 varieties numbers of meadow clover of double-cut diploid as more productive than Smolensk standard 29 under stress conditions such as medium-acid soil (pH 4.9-5.0) and a weak lack of moisture during the growing season against the background of high availability of plants with mobile phosphorus and mobile potassium as the medium. With a combination of these factors, the air-dry matter yield of the selected variants exceeded control by more than 19%.

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BOTANICAL SEEDS OF POTATO HYBRIDS AS A BIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THE FORMATION OF NEW GENOTYPES OF MAGADAN BREEDING

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

The use of the original genetic material, initially adapted to the extreme conditions of growth and not subject to viral infection, largely determines the selection of potatoes in the Magadan Region. Cultivation of field crops of seedlings from hybrid botanical seeds significantly increases the efficiency of the process of obtaining and selecting prospective one-bulb forms as clones. Field studies conducted in 2015-2016 confirm that this method enables the selection of the best hybrid combinations at the early stage of breeding to create new varieties of potatoes.

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PRELIMINARY STUDY OF NUTRITION AREA AND MASS OF SEED TUBERS ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF POTATO HYBRIDS OF MAGADAN BREEDING

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

It is necessary to develop a set of methods of agricultural technology that take into account individual characteristics of each variety for high and stable yields of the newly created genotypes of potatoes. Among these methods, the importance of seed tubers and the nutrition area are of great importance. The article presents preliminary results of studies on the effect of these factors on the productivity of promising hybrids of Kolyma and Arktika in relation to soil and climatic conditions in the north of the Far East. According to the productivity and quality of the harvest, a seed fraction weighing more than 80 g and a feeding area of 70 × 30 cm are the most suitable for the hybrids studied.

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ANALYSIS OF TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN THE AREA OF AGRICULTURE AND PROCESSING INDUSTRY OF RUSSIA

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 10(64) October 2017 | 0 comments

140 technologies developed in 2015 in the field of agriculture, food and processing industry, and other sub-sectors of agriculture were analyzed and systematized in the article. Based on the results of the studies, proposals for supplementing the list of the best proven basic (BPB) technologies in the agro-industrial complex (AIC) in the amount of 36 technologies are substantiated. They are introduced into the experimental database “BPT in the AIC.”
The inclusion of proven technologies in the database allows performing search functions online with a complex query structure in order to obtain new information when organizing the introduction of technologies in agricultural production.

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article retracted: PRODUCTIVITY OF PASTURE PLANT FORMATION DEPENDING ON THE COMBINATION COMPOUND OF SPECIES IN HERBAGE MIXTURE CREATED ON DRY SOILS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article contains the results of studies on the formation of the crop of different-species legume-grass pasture plant formation on the basis of perennial ryegrass VIC 66 and festulolium VIC 90. It was confirmed that high productivity indicators provided experiment variants No.5-7 and No.11-13. The composition of these mixtures also includes the 2nd bean component: Alfalfa variable “Nakhodka” or the babies’-slippers “Solnyshko,” which significantly increases the yield of green mass by 4.6-8.6 tons per hectare. It has been established that the definitive condition for obtaining high and stable productivity of sowing pastures is a purposeful selection of grass mixtures taking into account the compensatory variability of the phytocenoses composition by years. The results of these studies have shown that the creation of highly productive legume-cereal pasture agro-phytocenoses is possible with proper selection of crops and the use of more adaptive species and varieties.

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LANDSCAPE AND MELIORATIVE SYSTEMS OF AGRICULTURE – A NEW STAGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The paper contains theoretical basis for the development of landscape and meliorative farming systems (LMFS) – a set of measures aimed at the effective use of natural and industrial resources of agricultural landscapes. The goal of establishing LMFS is to obtain high and stable yields and to increase environmental sustainability of the natural environment. The systems of agriculture on real farms, developed on the basis of the proposed principles, take into account not only the local landscape and production conditions, but also the features of the meso- and macro-environment of the territory within which the farms are located.

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AGRO-ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS IN MODERN AGRO-TECHNOLOGIES

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

We carried out the study on designing adaptive crop rotations in the stationary experiment of the Tver State Academy of Agricultural Sciences, monitoring observations at the agro-ecological testing area of All-Russian Research Institute of Land Reclamation under the plantations of Eastern galega and poly-component legume-meadow grass mixture. The results of the research showed that the design of crop rotations with different structure of sown areas and the introduction of perennial grasses of different life expectancy promotes the replenishment of the organic matter of the soil; perennial legumes and their mixtures with meadow-grass should be grown in the crop rotation fields, at that, the humus content in the soil on the slope of the northern exposure increases from 3.21% to 3.88%; rational use of natural factors in modern agricultural technologies increases the profitability of agricultural production by 10-15% and differentiated application of mineral and organic fertilizers by 6-10%.

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INFLUENCE OF WATER PROCESSED BY NANOPLATES ON SOWING QUALITY OF GRAIN CROPS SEEDS, BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND MASS OF THEIR ABOVE-GROUND PART

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The paper tests the assumption of the same and differentiated effects of water, activated by a plate with nano-dusting on the main vegetative characteristics and biochemical composition of spring barley, winter wheat and maize. It was established that there is something in common for all experimental samples and namely the acceleration of shoots to the same extent in barley and wheat and, to a greater extent, in maize. In this case, barley and wheat recorded an increase in the above-ground mass. The maximum variation was observed in the experimental samples according to the chemical composition of plant tissues. Significant differences in the composition of the experimental and control patterns were found in spring barley: There was a significant increase in chlorophyll A and B, as well as β-carotene and the sum of all the pigments with the same decrease in anthocyanins and catechins. Less pronounced differences were observed in winter wheat and corn sugar, where fewer characteristics were associated with the effect of activated water.

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METHODS OF RECONSTRUCTION OF OLD-AGED FOREST STRIPS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

Methods of restoration of old-age forest strips under the conditions of the Stone Steppe are studied. Comparative characteristics of the methods of opposing undesirable wood and shrub vegetation are given. The maximum effect in the suppression of unwanted woody vegetation was manifested in a biological method with the use of litter manure, which allows reducing material costs by 51.5%, labour of workers by 73.2%, operation of machines by 89.3%, as well as shorten the period of struggle with shoots to one month. Mechanical and chemical methods of the skipping of treatments or untimely removal of unwanted tree and shrub vegetation lead to an increase in the timing of the struggle or even to the uselessness of previous works.

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FEASIBILITY OF USING NEW HUMIC FERTILIZERS AND PREPARATIONS BASED ON PEAT IN AGRIULTURE

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(63) September 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents an overview of the advanced technologies in the field of alternative peat-based bio-devices produced on the scientific base of the Federal State Budget Scientific Institution “All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Reclaimed Lands” in Tver. Consequently, the Tver region possesses one of the most extensive peat reserves in Central Russia for the most promising developments of the Institute, include patented solid and liquid phase fertilizers containing humus-like substances, the formation of which takes into account the balance of humic components of peat. It is proved that bio-fuels based on peat are superior to mineral fertilizers by a number of features.

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PERSPECTIVES OF THE POTATO INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN BRYANSK REGION

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

The article analyses the current state of the potato industry in Bryansk region. The structure of cultivated areas under potato farms, agricultural enterprises and peasant farms is presented. The data on yield and gross harvest of potatoes are reflected. The efficiency of innovative potato cultivation technologies is considered taking into account new adaptive biological resources and energy-saving technologies, as well as the diversity of the climatic, organizational and economic conditions of the Bryansk region.

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METHODS OF RISKS ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF LAND RECLAMATION INVESTMENT PROJECTS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

We performed the analysis and identified the risk of investing in the transformation of the structure of crops on the irrigated lands of the Vakhsh valley. We tested the method of simulation, which provides a maximum of information about the factors of negative impact on the risk of the project. The degree of risk of investment decisions has been established, reaching 10.2%, which indicates the feasibility of investment in the project. The feasibility of using innovative methods of risk assessment of projects based on the experience of developed sectors of the domestic economy and abroad is shown.

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MODEL OF MANAGEMENT OF ADAPTIVE REACTIONS OF BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF GRAIN

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

It is desirable to have means of control and management in the technological processes of agriculture that promptly and objectively receive information about the response of biological objects to external influences. One of the stages of solving this complex problem is related to the development of models describing the response process of a biological object to the impact. In the proposed material, an exemplary functional diagram of a biological object model (on the example of grain) is presented. An algorithm for adaptive random search in the reaction of grain to an external action is considered.

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MONITORING THE STATE OF DRIED BLACK EARTH TURF MOOR SOIL WITH THE USE OF ELECTRICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL METHODS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(62) August 2017 | 0 comments

In 2012 and 2016, we performed the electrical and geophysical mapping of two sections of the Yakhroma river valley (Dmitrovsky district, Moscow region) twice. The areas where the soil electrical resistance changed insignificantly, as well as areas where this indicator had grown by several times over the past four years were identified. Basically, it is fallow land overgrown with forest. The conclusion is drawn that the method of specific electric resistance is sensitive enough to record the changes in the soils of the deposit even on such short terms.

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