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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

CONDITION OF FOREST NURSERIES IN SVERDLOVSK REGION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The authors estimate the condition of forest nurseries of Rosleskhoz in the territory of the Sverdlovsk region. It was found that seedlings are grown both in open ground and in greenhouses in the nurseries of the region. It is possible to grow seedlings in open ground in 23 nurseries on a total area of 354.8 ha. 74% of the analyzed institutions are currently active, but only part of the sown area is used in the production of planting material. Thirteen frames for seasonal film greenhouses are located on an area of 1.3 hectares on the territory of 9 forestries. However, only two nurseries operate on an area of 0.19 hectares. The authors made a predictive assessment of the possibility of the annual production of coniferous seedlings for all categories of forest nurseries of the region. It was found that the maximum possible annual production of planting material is 130.1 million pcs. in open ground and 5.2 million pcs. in closed space. This total volume of planting material will be enough for artificial reforestation in an area of 45.1 thousand ha. The average annual demand of the region for planting material over the past ten years is up to 15.1 million seedlings. In order to produce the indicated volume of seedlings, it is necessary to use 41.1 hectares of open-air sowing branches in forest nurseries. It is found that the areas uninvolved in the cultivation of seedlings are 315 ha. This unrealized potential must be directed to the cultivation of seedlings for neighboring regions suitable for forest seed zoning.

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INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON RADIAL GROWTH OF TREES IN PINE FORESTS OF KAZAKH UPLAND

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of dendroclimatic research of the annual rings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), growing under dry forest growing conditions of the Kazakh upland. The authors discuss the main causes of the climatic dependence of the seasonal variability of the radial growth of pine trees. It was found that the climate signal of temperature and the least degree of precipitation have the greatest influence on the width of an annual ring. The first half of the growing season completely determines the width of the annual ring, and the main climatic factor, significantly affecting the width of the annual ring of pine growing in the dry conditions of Northern Kazakhstan, is the temperature in May and June. Hot May and June negatively affect the radial growth of Scots pine, and precipitation, on the contrary, contribute to the formation of wider annual rings. In this case, the main contribution to the variability of the width of the annual ring is made precisely by the air temperature. A close relationship was found between the June rainfall and the annual growth of pine under the dry conditions of Northern Kazakhstan, but over the past 10 years, there has been a sharp decrease in the effect of June rainfall on the radial growth of pine. There is a general tendency to increase the influence of temperature and a decrease in the effect of precipitation at the end of the growing season of the previous year (July-August) over the past 10-15 years.

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RATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF CULTIVATED LAND – BASIS FOR CONSERVATION OF LAND RESOURCES AND INCREASING THEIR PRODUCTIVITY

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The paper presents the analysis of the state of land resources from the point of view of their susceptibility to degradation as a result of water erosion, causing a decrease in soil fertility and crop yields. The author presents the experimental data on the intensity of erosion processes on ordinary chernozems on the territory of agricultural land in the Rostov region. It was proved that the problem of rational use of land resources for the production of crop production does not lose its significance but also becomes more urgent, and its solution is impossible without creating cultivated lands that are resistant to the effects of degradation, ensuring the conservation and, in some areas, restoration of soil fertility. The main stages of the work on the adaptive-landscape arrangement of the territory of cultivated lands, which creates the basis for a complex of soil protection measures, are considered; it is proposed to carry out a complex of these measures in the list of regional priorities with appropriate funding for the work.

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EVALUATION OF BIOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF MODERN LOW-HAZARD CHEMICAL FUNGICIDES AGAINST YELLOW RUST UNDER CONDITIONS OF KRASNODAR REGION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The chemical method remains the main one in the integrated plant protection system. Eighty-one types of mono- and multicomponent preparations, in which the majority of the active substances belong to the thiazoles and strobilurins groups, are allowed for use in the territory of the Russian Federation against yellow rust of wheat in 2019. The paper describes the current methods to struggle with yellow rust of wheat; the positive and negative sides of chemicals for plant protection are noted as well. As a result of assessing the biological and economic effectiveness of the double use of such drugs as Altazol, KE, Adeksar, KE and Zantara, KE in the tubing phase (Z 33-37) and the beginning of heading (Z 49-51), a decrease in the development of the disease to 0.1-0 was found, 5% and maximum yield increase in relation to control up to 5%.

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ASSESSMENT OF USAGE OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The paper discusses the features of environmental and economic production relations; the analysis of land use is given as well. The need to switch to a landscape system is associated with a change in the quality of land, and the preservation of natural landscapes. Social events aimed at the rational use of natural resources provide for a system of actions to preserve natural resources, improve soil productivity and other factors of production.

The author provides the features of the resistance of crops and cultivation histories to erosion processes; the features of the production activities of an agricultural enterprise are considered as well. The analysis of intensification factors in the branches of agriculture is given. The author determines the indicators of growth in production, and rational use of resources.

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RESEARCH OF DIFFUSIVE POLLUTION IN SMALL RIVERS ON EXAMPLE OF YACHROMA RIVER

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of the research on pollution in the small Yakhroma river, the part of the Upper Volga basin, in order to establish the effect of diffuse runoff from agricultural lands on the quality of river water to identify the main sources of pollution. It was established that along the length of the Yakhroma longitudinal profile, water mineralization with approximately the same gradient increases from source to mouth from 89 mg/L along the upper reaches to 228 mg/L in the spring and from 321 to 509 mg/L in the summer, due to the influx of pollutants from small point sources, the transport network, insufficiently treated wastewater from the cities of Yakhroma and Dmitrov, from agricultural fields and reclamation systems. The following substances are carried out with drainage water from the floodplain (per year): nitrogen compounds more than 7-10 kg/ha per year, phosphorus on average 0.02-0.04, and potassium from 8 to 37 kg/year.

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ABSOLUTE AND RELATIVE WEIGHT OF INTERNAL ORGANS OF TESTED BUCK LAMBS OF TUSHINSKY BREED, WHEN USING DIFFERENT FORMS OF IODINE IN FEEDING

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

It is not always quite effective to use inorganic compounds of iodine salts since they are unstable, easily oxidized in air, and as a result, the content of available iodine is reduced significantly. Due to this, a promising direction in the correction of iodine-deficient states is to use the organic forms of iodine, when the element is in chemical bonding with any organic substance. Fili N-Pharm LLC (Moscow) works on this issue and is currently producing iodine-containing additives, Yoddar, and Yoddar-Zn.

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COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FORAGE CROPS DEPENDING ON CULTIVATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 03(93) March 2020 | 0 comments

This article presents the results of studies of the effect of sowing dates on chemical composition and nutritional value of the new, non-traditional culture barnyard millet in a dry steppe zone of Central Kazakhstan. The comparative evaluation of the chemical composition and nutritional value of green mass of vegetation on barnyard millet phases. As a result of the research, the best period for sowing barnyard millet, according to the resulting chemical composition – the first decade of June, with the highest content of chemicals and nutrients mentioned in the flowering stage: of crude protein – 10.59%, carotene – 25.07%, of ash – 9.9%, sugar levels – 12.2, carotene is – 21.38 mg/kg.

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THE PRODUCTIVITY OF COWS OF DIFFERENT GENOTYPES DERIVED FROM CROSS-BREEDING

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue June 2014 | 0 comments

In this article you will find the research of crossbred livestock yields obtained from crossbreeding of Simmental cows with imported black-motley bulls-improvers.

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INFLUENCE OF PEA YEAST ON DEVELOPMENT OF POTATO BREAD DISEASE

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

The paper considers the use of yeast made based on chickpea to prevent potato bread disease. It is shown that when using pea sourdough making bread from flour infected with spores of potato bacillus, the signs of a potato disease do not appear in bread when stored for 2 weeks, whereas, in control samples of bread baked with thermophilic yeast according to generally accepted technology, these signs appear already on the third day. The experiments on the preparation of bread based on pea sourdough and molded bread using thermophilic yeast showed that bread using pea sourdough fully meets the requirements for the quality of yeast bread.

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ECOLOGIZATION OF LAND USE AS PROTECTION MECHANISM FOR RATIONAL USE OF LAND RESOURCES

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

Land use under modern conditions is environmentally unsustainable, which is a real danger to the environmental situation both around the world and in the Russian Federation. The paper considers the number of reasons that influence the complication of the environmental situation. The authors provide an analysis of the dynamics of the state of agricultural land and the degradation processes that affect this state. Taking into account all the negative consequences of land degradation, the formation of environmentally sustainable land use is necessary, and it should take into account landscape features and properties. The sectoral suitability of the territory must be oriented to satisfying the social and economic interests of society, and contribute to the protection, reproduction of productive and other useful properties and qualities of land resources.

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FORMATION OF WOODY VEGETATION IN MINED-OUT PITS WITH FIRE-RESISTANT CLAY

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

The authors analyzed the formation of woody vegetation at mined out pits with refractory clay after the technical stage of reclamation in the pre-steppe pine-birch forest district of the Trans-Ural Plain Province of the West Siberian Plain Forest Growth Region. It was found that the natural overgrowing of pits with woody vegetation goes with Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). The latter allows us to recommend the specified tree species as the main one at the biological stage of artificial reclamation of the forestry sector.

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NEW EARLY RIPENING VARIETY OF RADISH

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue №2(92) February 2020 | 0 comments

Most of the radish production in Russia is concentrated in open ground, in small commodity, farmer, and personal subsidiary plots. At the same time, the share of commodity production of radish root crops is very small, and this niche in the winter-spring period is taken by imports from European countries. The Bagryanets radish variety was created as a result of years of research with its early ripening, growing season of 27 days after full germination. The root crop is round, pink-red with a white tip, an average axial root, and a weight of approximately 28 g. The flesh is white, tender, juicy, with a slight spice flavor. The level of productivity varied 3.4-4.0 kg/m2 in the protected ground.

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CONTENT OF HEAVY METALS IN SOIL AFTER PLOWING IN THE FIRST STAGE OF VEGETATIONAL CHANGE

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

The studies were conducted on a long-kept site with gray forest clay-loam soils with an area of 17 hectares located in the Pervomaisky district of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The influence of waste disposal from alcohol industry on the state of long-kept sites was studied by the basic sanitary and hygienic indicators and namely the content of gross and mobile compounds of heavy metals. The floral composition of the study area is represented by intensively developed ruderal vegetation and meadow grasses. When examining the site, 6 combined soil samples were taken from layers of 0-10 cm and 10-30 cm, respectively, each of them composed of 10 point samples. The results are processed by the method of variation statistics. Studied soil has a neutral reaction of the medium, low humus content and high and very high content of mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium, respectively. A significant excess of background indicators in determining the gross content of heavy metals was noted only in zinc by 1.9 and 1.4 times in the upper and lower layers, respectively. The content of gross forms of heavy metals in the study area is significantly lower than the UEC, which indicates a favorable sanitary and hygienic condition of the territory. When compared with the background, the content of mobile forms of heavy metals exceeds its indicators for lead and cadmium in the horizon of 10-30 cm, for zinc – in the horizon of 0-10 cm. Moreover, the content of mobile forms of all heavy metals is much lower than the LOC. The degree of mobility of heavy metals was relatively low compared to background values, with the exception of cadmium.

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AMINO ACID CONTENT IN MUSCLE TISSUES OF OSTRICHES

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

The paper presents the study of the amino acid protein composition of meat of black African ostrich when Felucene P-2 is added to their diet, at the ostrich farm “Strausinoye Podvoriye” in the Rostov Region. The experiment was carried out on two groups of ostriches: the first group got a standard diet, and the second one got Felucene P-2 added to their standard diet, with the following rate: 2 grams per 1 kg of bird weight per day. As a result of the studies, it was found that Felucene P-2 is an effective feed additive of domestic production, and the proposed feeding scheme is economically feasible.

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CALCULATION OF HUMIDIFICATION PROFILE FOR SUBSTANTIATION OF IRRIGATION DEPTH FOR DRIP IRRIGATION OF THE FRUIT-BEARING GARDEN IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE SUBMONTANE ZONE OF THE JAMBYL REGION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents calculations on the formation of a humidification profile during drip irrigation for young plants of apple and apple-bearing orchard on a small-stature form of stock, substantiates the placement of droppers, the intensity and time of water supply, which provides moistening of the root layer for grown apple trees in order to maintain humidity corresponding to 0.7- 0.8 HB in conditions of insufficient natural moisture in the submontane zone of the Jambyl region on light sierozemic soils. It is shown that, as apple trees grow and develop, the necessity to moisten the root layer along the drip line increases until the humidification profile is completely closed.

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OUTLLOKS FOR USE OF GREEN ECONOMY PRINCIPLES IN AGRICULTURE

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

Based on the theory of dissipative systems, it is shown that the evolution of dissipative structures on Earth, which include living organisms and superorganism systems, at the present stage of the Holocene goes under the principle of minimum entropy production by I. Prigogine, under the action of which mankind is in a situation of the need and the inevitability of rational use of the available resources. Therefore, in recent decades, the so-called “green economy” has emerged – a direction in economic science, within which the economy acts as a dependent component of the natural environment within which it exists and is a part of it. It was shown that the use of “green farming” is expanding in different regions of the planet in the field of agriculture and the related water sector, which largely compensates for the growing challenges to food and water security of the population. At the same time, resource-saving nature-based technologies for human use of natural resources are its foundation. As an illustration of the theoretical findings, it was demonstrated that minimal tillage with mulching of its surface with crop residues (which is an element of the green economy in agriculture) can be considered as the most promising agricultural technology for strategic planning of the development of grain farming in the steppe Crimea.

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STUDY OF WATER CONSUMPTION IN THE CROPS SARATOVSKOGO ZAVOLZHIE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

The results of the calculation of the water balance deficit estimated soil for alfalfa method A.M. and S.M. Alpateva , are integral curves of the water balance of culture.

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REPRODUCTIVE ABILITY AND CLINICAL INDICATORS FOR CATTLE SIMMENTAL OF BREED

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

The scientific and economic experiments affected the physiological questions of reproductive ability and clinical indicators of cattle Simmental. Data on the study age of insemination heifers, duration of pregnancy, calving, service period, and conducted research on heart rate and respiration, and body temperature exponent rumination

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SIMMENTAL СOWS MILK PRODUCTIVITY WITH DIFFERENT COMPOSITION OF FEED IN THE DIET

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

Presents issues of growing cattle Simmental in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). At various ratios of diets have been identified questions about milk production, for growth and development. When used diet with all-mash, without all-mash and wheat bran was obtained the result milk by an average of 2366 kg.

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