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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

USE OF PERENNIAL LUPIN BIOMASS FOR COMPOST AND NUTRITION SOILS FORMATION

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The green mass of perennial lupine and composts formed on its basis are characterized by high fertilizing and phytopathogenic properties, the adaptive potential to the diversity of the soil environment. The paper shows the biological features, fertilizer value, varieties of perennial lupine, Grenadier, the features of composting its biomass with peat and the use in creating nutritious soil. The authors have found that over 600 kg/ha of NPK is introduced into the soil with biomass of this variety, which is equivalent to 47 t/ha of high-quality litter manure. Biological nitrogen makes more than 30% in the composition of nutrients. The agrochemical features of composts obtained on green biomass of perennial lupine are presented in this work; as well as organic nutrient soil “Sila of Suzdaliya” obtained using peat-green manure compost, humus, field land and recommended for use in farms and personal subsidiary plots for growing seedlings and fruits and vegetables.

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CREATION OF FEED STOCK OF EUROPEAN RADISH

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The success of breeding work, as is known, is determined by the feed stock to a large extent. Therefore, undoubtedly, the primary task is the study of local populations and the selection of the most interesting forms.

As a result of evaluating the feed stock of radish according to economically valuable characteristics, 2 genotypes were distinguished marked by high uniformity and marketability of the root crop. According to the shape of the variety, the following types were selected: rounded – 55.0% and flat-round – 45.0%. Winter round black radish was the most productive among the varieties of winter European radish with the yield of 4.3 kg/m2. Chemical analysis showed that root crops contain 3.62- 4, 55% of sugar. Winter round white radish turned out to be the best type with regard to this indicator.

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APPLICATION OF TRICHOGRAMS FOR REGULATION OF THE NUMBER OF CABBAGE PESTS UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF PRIMORSK TERRITORY

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The article presents data on the use of Trichogramma ussuricum Sorokina against cabbage pests in the Primorsky Territory. The study was conducted in 2017-2018 in the field and laboratory. The effectiveness of the entomophage was evaluated. It was established that Trichogramma ussuricum controls the number of cabbage noctuid moths and turnip sulphur butterflies (under favorable weather conditions, infection is up to 92-100%).

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BREEDING TECHNOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF ENTOMOPHAGES BROUGHT UP ON ARTIFICIAL NUTRICULTURE MEDIUM WITH RESPECT TO PESTS OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

A method for the cultivation of Coccinellidae on artificial nutriculture media (ANM) is proposed allowing the simplification of the technology and the reduction of the cost of mass breeding of entomophages without reducing biological indicators, whereas data on the biological efficiency of entomophages raised on ANM in relation to aphids and mealybugs are presented.

The consumption of natural feed is reduced by 25-85%; sucrose by 17-20%, amino acids by 23-27% in developed artificial nutriculture media for Coccinellidae. A cheaper and more technologically advanced component, soy flour, was introduced into the composition of the media instead of casein. Palm oil was introduced instead of corn and coconut oils with a longer shelf life, which is especially important in a microclimate bio-laboratory environment, the media enriched with vitamins B1; AT 6; AT 12.

As a result of the studies, it was found that the biological efficiency of entomophages raised on ANM does not differ from the biological efficiency of those raised on natural food.

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EXPERIENCE OF CREATING ARTIFICIAL PLANTINGS IN DRY SHEEP FESCUE FEATHER-GRASS STEPPE OF NORTH KAZAKHSTAN

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The experience of creating artificial plantings of Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila L.), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and drooping birch (Betula pendula Roth.) under the conditions of dry sheep fescue feather-grass steppe of Northern Kazakhstan is analyzed. It is established that Scots pine and drooping birch can create stable long-term plantings on forest-suitable soils even under extreme forest conditions. At the same time, Siberian elm, which is widely recommended in the scientific literature for afforestation under arid conditions, forms short-lived plantings and the conservation of viscous trees is possible only with systematic rejuvenation by “planting” trees on a stump. In the absence of silvicultural care, Siberian elm dries, dramatically reducing the aesthetic appeal of the created plantings.

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ANALYSIS OF USAGE OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN SELECTION OILSEED

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

The introduction of highly productive oilseeds, reducing the level of dependence on varieties of foreign selection is considered to be one of the key tasks for the implementation by the Federal scientific and technical program for the development of agriculture for 2017-2025. Oilseed crops in the Russian Federation reach about 15% of all sown areas, but three oilseed crops dominate, these are sunflower, soy, and rape. Even though the cost of a sowing unit of sunflower seeds of a foreign hybrid significantly exceeds the cost of a sowing unit of sunflower seeds of domestic selection, a consumer chooses foreign varieties. The article analyzes the use of oilseeds of foreign selection in the production of sunflower, soybean, and rapeseed and compares the main indicators based on the results of tests in the Russian Federation of sunflower varieties of domestic and foreign selection.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF ACTION OF BIOLOGICAL PREPARATION AND FUNGICIDAL AGENTS AGAINST PLANT DISEASES, POTATOES TUBER AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON PRODUCTIVITY OF LAND

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 9(87) September 2019 | 0 comments

A study was carried out of the effectiveness of the impact of alternating biological (Vitaplan, Trichocin, Alirin-B) and chemical (Infinito, Consento) drugs with the reference fungicide Acrobat MC on the economic indicators of the Zekura potato variety. According to the results of testing of these protective agents against lbuck eye rot, the most promising combined action fungicides were identified and namely – Infinito, Consento. The use of drugs in potato growing technology allows protecting plants from fungal infection of Phytophtora infestans with efficiency up to 80.9-100%, increasing the productivity of land in relation to control by 74.0-76.6%, standard – 21-23%, marketability of tubers – 12.9-14.5% and 2.2-3.8%, respectively. The yield of healthy tubers is 100%. Additional income amounted to 301.4-308.3 thousand rubles/ha.

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DEPENDENCE OF THE FERTILITY OF COW-HEIFERS ON THE AGE OF CALVING AND BODY WEIGHT

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(86) August 2019 | 0 comments

It is known that the age of the first fruitful insemination and calving of young animals has a certain effect on subsequent productivity and manifestation of the main breeding traits.

The variability of indicators of fertility in cows is mainly due to paratypical factors, which suggests a low level of their heritability. General development of animals for the period of the first fruitful insemination and calving, which is characterized mainly by their live weight, has a significant impact both on the level of signs of milk production and on the reproductive qualities of Holstein cows. As a result of the research, it was found that animals with a mass up to 500 kg at the first calving have the best reproductive qualities.

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INFLUENCE OF INDOLE BUTIRIC ACID ON PLANT GROWTH AND FORMATION OF MICROTUBERS IN POTATO CULTURE IN VITRO

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(86) August 2019 | 0 comments

The publication presents data on the influence of indole butiric acid, growth regulator introduced into the Murashige and Skoog medium, on the growth processes and micro-culture of potato plants of the Charm variety in a test tube culture. It was found that a small dosage (0.5 mg/l) of indole butiric acid most effectively increases the number of internodes by 9%, while high concentration (1 mg/l) stimulates rizogenesis – the number of roots increased to 47% at the end of the third week of cultivation. Also, the growth regulator increased production to 38% and the size of microtubers to 12 mm along the largest transverse diameter depending on the concentration.

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METHODS FOR FOREST RESTORATION OF MIDDLE-AGED PROTECTIVE FOREST PLANTS OF VARIOUS BREED COMPOSITIONS

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 8(86) August 2019 | 0 comments

In the course of research dedicated to the study of various options for reforestation of middle-aged flow-regulating and field-protective forest bands, the best reforestation methods are identified. Comparative analysis of the state of tree species, undergrowth and planted forest crops during reforestation is carried out. The data on the main structural elements of the forest formation process and microclimate are shown. Materials obtained are necessary for conducting long-term monitoring studies aimed at the increase of the durability and reclamation efficiency of middle-aged field-protective degrading forest belts.

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SIRIUS – A NEW VARIETY OF EUROPEAN RADISH

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 7(85) July 2019 | 0 comments

The work on the selection of European summer radishes was carried out in a protected and open ground, in ARSRIV Branch of the FGBNU FSCO. In the process of individual and subsequent family selection, a collection of breeding numbers was obtained from the varietal population of domestic origin. The selection was carried out on the basis of resistance to premature seeding, high marketability and yield, as well as uniformity in the shape of the root.

As a result of the study, a new variety of European summer radish called Sirius was created and it belongs to the early maturing variety. Its vegetation period is 38 days. The rosette of leaves is semi-upright. The root is cone-shaped, white, weighing 50-55 g. The flesh is juicy. The taste is good. The yield is 5.5 kg/m2. The level of marketability reaches 93.8%. It maintains the increased temperature condition.

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CURRENT STATE AND DEVELOPMENT POTENTIAL OF PEASANT HOLDINGS (FARMS) OF KRASNODAR KRAI

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 7(85) July 2019 | 0 comments

The article considers the current state of peasant holdings farms in the Krasnodar Krai, which play an important role in the development of the country agroindustrial complex in terms of import substitution. The authors analyzed the factors both positively and negatively affecting their establishing and effective functioning in terms of compliance of the organization with its production activities, especially the agrarian production. Due to the fact that under modern conditions, peasant holdings (farms) require not quantitative growth, but rather qualitative changes and effective functioning, the paper provides the aspects that affect the prospects for sustainable development of private farms.

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DAIRY PRODUCTIVITY AND REPRODUCTIVE QUALITIES OF COWS OF SIMMENTAL BREED OF DOMESTIC AND GERMAN SELECTION

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 7(85) July 2019 | 0 comments

The following paper reflects the influence of breeding on the quality indicators of milk and the reproductive abilities of animals of the Simmental breed obtained from bulls of various breeding. It was found that cows obtained from bulls of German selection had the highest yield for the first three lactations while the yield of cows of domestic selection varied from 3403 kg to 4492 kg with milk fat of 3.91% to 3.89%. The yield of cows of German selection varied from 3485 kg to 4871 kg with fat content from 4.00% to 4.01%. The increase in milk yields by 3 lactations by 11.8% suggests a good try to obtain higher milk yield. When studying the reproductive performance of Simmental cows of various breeding, it was also established that, according to the age of the first calving, German selection cows have calved earlier than cows of domestic breeding by 1.4 months.

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MILK THISTLE GROWING UNDER STEPPE OF UKRAINE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

The results of a study on the impact of row spacing and number of plants per meter of row crop yields on thistle under southern forest-steppe of Western.

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MEAT PRODUCTIVITY 4,5 MONTHLY CROSSBRED RAM LAMBS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

In article some data on meat efficiency of 4,5 monthly rams received at crossing of a uterus of the South Kazakh merinos with rams “Etti merino” are given. Carcasses with a lethal exit at crossbred ram lambs – 48,5%, at thoroughbred – 45,5% were as a result received. The pulp exit at crossbred ram lambs is 2,2% higher, than at thoroughbred contemporaries.

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SOME RESULTS IN REMOTE SENSING FOR LAND INFORMATION ASSESSMENT ON SPECIES COMPOSITION OF GRASSLAND PLANTS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF 4 PILOT SITES)

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

This work shows the study results determining the dynamics of the composition, structure, productivity, nutritional value of grass, grassland ecological status according to the season of their usage in order to develop the necessary technology on space and ground monitoring of the state of pasture lands of Kazakhstan promoting the conservation of biological diversity of landscapes and their fodder potential.

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DRUG EFFECTS ON PRODUCTIVITY HEATING SPRING WHEAT IN THE REGION ULIYANOVSK

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

This article includes question of application of biological prodact Nagro in technology of cultivation of a spring wheat a sort Simbirtzit and Ulyanovskaya 100.

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REPRODUCTION PINUS PUMILA (PALL.) CUTTINGS IN THE NORTH OF TRANSBAIKALIAN EDGE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

Studied by the method of propagation of cedar elfin wood cuttings in the North of Transbaikalian edge for bookmarks commercial plantations and forest cultures on the cuts, burned areas and in quarries. Method of propagation of cedar elfin wood cuttings designed first for the region.

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INFLUENCE OF BIOLOGICAL DRUGS ON THE COMPLEX OF ENTOMOPHAGES

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

The article speaks about the influence of widely used in agriculture biological drugs on the beneficial entomofauna of agrocenosis, the possibility of mutual use of these drugs and entomophages in organic farming systems.

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HONEY TREES AND SHRUBS OF BOTANICAL GARDEN

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue February 2014 | 0 comments

It has been revealed a unique territory honey plants growing in the Central Black Earth. It has been established the best way to determine the time for honey harvest onto timing of woody plants flowering.

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