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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

CONTENT OF HEAVY METALS IN SOIL AFTER PLOWING IN THE FIRST STAGE OF VEGETATIONAL CHANGE

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

The studies were conducted on a long-kept site with gray forest clay-loam soils with an area of 17 hectares located in the Pervomaisky district of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The influence of waste disposal from alcohol industry on the state of long-kept sites was studied by the basic sanitary and hygienic indicators and namely the content of gross and mobile compounds of heavy metals. The floral composition of the study area is represented by intensively developed ruderal vegetation and meadow grasses. When examining the site, 6 combined soil samples were taken from layers of 0-10 cm and 10-30 cm, respectively, each of them composed of 10 point samples. The results are processed by the method of variation statistics. Studied soil has a neutral reaction of the medium, low humus content and high and very high content of mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium, respectively. A significant excess of background indicators in determining the gross content of heavy metals was noted only in zinc by 1.9 and 1.4 times in the upper and lower layers, respectively. The content of gross forms of heavy metals in the study area is significantly lower than the UEC, which indicates a favorable sanitary and hygienic condition of the territory. When compared with the background, the content of mobile forms of heavy metals exceeds its indicators for lead and cadmium in the horizon of 10-30 cm, for zinc – in the horizon of 0-10 cm. Moreover, the content of mobile forms of all heavy metals is much lower than the LOC. The degree of mobility of heavy metals was relatively low compared to background values, with the exception of cadmium.

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AMINO ACID CONTENT IN MUSCLE TISSUES OF OSTRICHES

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

The paper presents the study of the amino acid protein composition of meat of black African ostrich when Felucene P-2 is added to their diet, at the ostrich farm “Strausinoye Podvoriye” in the Rostov Region. The experiment was carried out on two groups of ostriches: the first group got a standard diet, and the second one got Felucene P-2 added to their standard diet, with the following rate: 2 grams per 1 kg of bird weight per day. As a result of the studies, it was found that Felucene P-2 is an effective feed additive of domestic production, and the proposed feeding scheme is economically feasible.

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CALCULATION OF HUMIDIFICATION PROFILE FOR SUBSTANTIATION OF IRRIGATION DEPTH FOR DRIP IRRIGATION OF THE FRUIT-BEARING GARDEN IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE SUBMONTANE ZONE OF THE JAMBYL REGION

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents calculations on the formation of a humidification profile during drip irrigation for young plants of apple and apple-bearing orchard on a small-stature form of stock, substantiates the placement of droppers, the intensity and time of water supply, which provides moistening of the root layer for grown apple trees in order to maintain humidity corresponding to 0.7- 0.8 HB in conditions of insufficient natural moisture in the submontane zone of the Jambyl region on light sierozemic soils. It is shown that, as apple trees grow and develop, the necessity to moisten the root layer along the drip line increases until the humidification profile is completely closed.

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OUTLLOKS FOR USE OF GREEN ECONOMY PRINCIPLES IN AGRICULTURE

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

Based on the theory of dissipative systems, it is shown that the evolution of dissipative structures on Earth, which include living organisms and superorganism systems, at the present stage of the Holocene goes under the principle of minimum entropy production by I. Prigogine, under the action of which mankind is in a situation of the need and the inevitability of rational use of the available resources. Therefore, in recent decades, the so-called “green economy” has emerged – a direction in economic science, within which the economy acts as a dependent component of the natural environment within which it exists and is a part of it. It was shown that the use of “green farming” is expanding in different regions of the planet in the field of agriculture and the related water sector, which largely compensates for the growing challenges to food and water security of the population. At the same time, resource-saving nature-based technologies for human use of natural resources are its foundation. As an illustration of the theoretical findings, it was demonstrated that minimal tillage with mulching of its surface with crop residues (which is an element of the green economy in agriculture) can be considered as the most promising agricultural technology for strategic planning of the development of grain farming in the steppe Crimea.

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STUDY OF WATER CONSUMPTION IN THE CROPS SARATOVSKOGO ZAVOLZHIE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

The results of the calculation of the water balance deficit estimated soil for alfalfa method A.M. and S.M. Alpateva , are integral curves of the water balance of culture.

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REPRODUCTIVE ABILITY AND CLINICAL INDICATORS FOR CATTLE SIMMENTAL OF BREED

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

The scientific and economic experiments affected the physiological questions of reproductive ability and clinical indicators of cattle Simmental. Data on the study age of insemination heifers, duration of pregnancy, calving, service period, and conducted research on heart rate and respiration, and body temperature exponent rumination

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SIMMENTAL СOWS MILK PRODUCTIVITY WITH DIFFERENT COMPOSITION OF FEED IN THE DIET

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue May 2014 | 0 comments

Presents issues of growing cattle Simmental in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). At various ratios of diets have been identified questions about milk production, for growth and development. When used diet with all-mash, without all-mash and wheat bran was obtained the result milk by an average of 2366 kg.

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ENVIRONMENTAL TEST OF NEW MIDDLE SEASON VARIETY OF ZARA SOY

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The most important task of Armavir selection is to increase the adaptability of the created varieties to specific growing conditions. The article presents a characteristic of a new mid-season highly productive variety of Zara soy created by the method of individual selection from a hybrid population (Armavir 15 × Kirovograd) × (Vabah × Wave). The plants of this variety are characterized by increased drought tolerance, resistant to lodging, and cracking of beans. That allows you to cultivate it for grain in the main crops.

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INFLUENCE OF DROUGHT ON TAXATION INDICATORS OLD-AGED RAVINE FOREST BELTS OF “STONE STEP”

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

Drought is characterized by a long and significant lack of precipitation, often with increased temperature and low humidity, resulting in drying out of soil moisture. The abundance of solar heat and dry air create increased evaporation (atmospheric drought), soil moisture reserves are depleted without replenishment by rain (soil drought). Water entering plants through root systems is hampered during drought, moisture consumption for transpiration begins to exceed its inflow from the soil, water saturation in tissue decreases, and normal conditions of photosynthesis and carbon nutrition are violated. The most destructive are spring-summer and summer-autumn droughts.

This work presents the study on the effect of drought on the growth and further development of old-age ravine forest belts. It was found that the lack of moisture in the soil due to abnormally high average monthly summer temperatures and a small amount of precipitation leads to a change of species in the composition of the plantation, an increase in the number of dead trees, in our case, their number in the plantation after the drought of 2010 was 32.6% against 2.1% according to 2009 taxation data.

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OPTIMIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND RATIO ON RAVINE CATCH BASINS

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The degradation processes of the soil cover intensified as a result of the intensive use of land resources in the steppe zone in the south of the Russian Federation. Erosion and deflation are the most widespread and harmful of them. The article considers the issue of optimizing the ratio of agricultural land on ravine catch basins (as the main territorial unit for the formation of surface runoff), which are most involved in agricultural production. Taking into account all the ambiguity of the decision to optimize the ratio of agricultural lands, an elementary territorial unit within the catch basin area is highlighted. It is an agrolandscape band, which will be the main production site (field) with equivalent soil-climatic and erosion-hydrological indicators.

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RESISTANCE OF HULLESS BARLEY SAMPLES TO USTILAGO HORDEI (PERS) KELL. ET SW.

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of the study of collection and breeding samples of hulless barley on resistance to damage by stinking smut on an artificial infectious background in Western Siberia. The studies were conducted at the Kemerovo Research Institute of Agriculture, a branch of the Siberian Scientific Center for Scientific Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, from 2014 to 2019. The results of a phytopathological analysis of 40 collection samples of hulless barley revealed that only three varieties had absolute resistance (0.0%) to the pathogen: Chugokuhadaka N2 (Japan), Buck CDC (Canada), k-30313 (Ethiopia). Mid-ripening specimens (7.8% on average in the group) are more affected by stinking smut compared to mid-late and early ripe varieties (7.6 and 2.6%, respectively). Immune samples with high indicators of panicle structure, grain size, and resistance to lodging were identified, they were included in the crossbreeding program to obtain high-yielding genotypes resistant to defeat by a local population of stinking smut. As a result, a new cultivar of bare-grain barley Ulei was created, superior to the standard zoned variety in terms of productivity, technological, biochemical parameters, resistant to lodging, and smut.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF APPLICATION OF BOVISTEM VETERINARY DRUG FOR CATTLE OF LLC NOVISTEM PRODUCTION IN TREATMENT OF MASTITIS

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The article describes the effectiveness of “BoviStem” drug, which consists of a protein-lipid complex, the obtained effect of the drug made by biotechnological methods from allogeneic (the same type of animals) mesenchymal stem cells, manufactured by LLC “NOVISTEM”, which is used to treat various forms of mastitis in dairy cows, the study of economic efficiency with the use of this drug, which consists in reducing losses by reducing the treatment period, faster recovery of milk yield and increase eniya its quality, as well as by reducing the percentage of culling animals.

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EXPERIENCE IN FOREST CROPS CREATION BY SEEDLINGS WITH CLOSED ROOTS ON BURNT SPOT OF ALTAI KRAI

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

The authors analyzed the survival rates of Scots pine (Pinussylvestris L.) forest plantations planted on burnt spots of the Altai-Novosibirsk region of forest-steppes and ribbon forests. The above-mentioned forest crops were created by planting 2-year-old seedlings with closed roots grown in the Altai Forest Breeding and Seed Center. 2-year-old seedlings were planted at the bottom of plow furrows laid by a PKL-70 plow. It was found that the survival rate of seedlings with closed roots is 63.2 ± 0.4%. The low survival rate of seedlings is explained by the harsh climatic conditions of the studied area, in particular, the high temperature on the soil surface, drying of the topsoil layer to wilting level and curvature of seedling roots in a peat briquette. The main reason for the fall is the development of the stem root after planting seedlings on the forested area not in-depth, but perpendicular to the soil surface.

To increase the survival rate of forest crops, it is necessary to increase the cell depth when growing seedlings up to 15 cm, to make a deep-seated landing in the bottom of plow furrows laid by a PKL-70 plow from west to east.

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FAT LEVEL IN MILK OF KATUM EWES

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

Sheep meat farming is a promising area in the context of the growing needs for high-quality lamb and mutton. The Katum breed of sheep is a truly meat breed. In terms of assessing the growth rate of lambs, it is necessary to study primarily milk productivity. Katum ewes are capable of giving from 0.85 ± 0.15 to 0.95 ± 0.25 L/day/head of milk at the beginning of lactation and up to 1.95 ± 0.45 … 2.65 ± 0.35 L/day/head at the peak of the lactation curve. One of the important indicators of the feeding quality of dairy animals is the fat level of milk, which on average is 6.52 ± 1.16% in Katum ewes.

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INFLUENCE OF MEDICATION FOR PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF MACRO- AND MICROELEMENTOSIS IN SHEEP ON BLOOD CHEMISTRY VALUES

Posted in 2019, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 12(90) December 2019 | 0 comments

Some blood chemistry values provide very useful information about the physiological homeostasis of animals and enable us to take timely, adequate measures to maintain it at the proper level. In order to clarify the effect of the medicines for the prevention of mineral deficiency on some blood chemistry values, the authors studied the blood of lambs of the Argun type of the Transbaikal fine-fleece breed. The inclusion of the medicines for the prevention of mineral deficiency, containing premix P 80-1, pine needles, common salt, and zeolite in doses of 0.2 g per 1 kg of live weight of animals in the main diet, positively affects the blood chemistry values of lambs. For sheep farms in Transbaikalia, one of the important reserves for ensuring the safety of young animals and increasing the productivity of adult animals is the prevention of non-communicable diseases resulting from metabolic disorders in the body due to a deficiency, excess or imbalance of vital mineral elements.

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THE USE OF SAPROPEL RAW MATERIAL IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PROTEIN, MINERAL AND CARBOHYDRATE-MINERALl FEED SUPPLEMENTS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

This article describes the technological scheme of production of the protein, mineral and carbohydrate-mineral feed supplements using created by the nature, the mineral component in the form of raw materials.

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TERRITORIAL DIFFIRENTIATION OF DEMAND FOR PROGRAMMERS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

Territorial differentiation of demand for programmers was considered. The model of the demand for programmers, depending on the size of the city’s population was obtained. Classification of cities in Russia on the basis of the magnitude of demand for programmers based on the model was suggested.

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THE MORPHOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF BLOOD ANDER INFLUENS OF DIARON ON DIAREYA OF NEWBORN LAMBS

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

The application of complex preparation of diaron with diarrhea in the newly born lambs favorably affects the dynamics of the morphological and biochemical indices of the blood, accelerates the process of recovery and increases the safety of young animals.

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CULTIVATION OF HYACINTHS BY MEANS OF SOIL ETHYLENE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

Are in the present work represented the generalized data on the optimization of distillation, the formation of short and durable tsvetonosov in the efflorescent hyacinths with the aid of soil ethylene.

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DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY OF FLOUR PRODUCTS PREVENTIVE DIRECTION WITH THE USE OF WILD PLANTS OF THE FAMILY URTICACEAE

Posted in 2014, AGRICULTURE, Issue April 2014 | 0 comments

In the article is used in the technology of production of bakery products of the biologically active component of plant origin – dioecious nettle (Urtícadióica). Application meal nettle in the technology of functional ingredients prophylactic will make up for the deficit of vitamins and mineral substances in the human body.

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