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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

2022

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

On the Biology of saturnia pyri (LEPIDOPTERA: SATURNIIDAE) on the Territory of Azerbaijan

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ | 0 comments

The aim of the study is a comparative assessment of the biological and morphological characteristics of the wild silk moth Saturnia pyri (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) in the north-western region of Azerbaijan. Laboratory tests were carried out under controlled temperature (25 ± 2ºC), relative humidity (70 ± 10%) and photoperiod mode (12 hours of light). The experiment was divided into the following stages: incubation of grain, feeding of caterpillars, cocoon curling period, winter diapause of pupae, imago output. The caterpillars were fed on a forage plant (Prunus avium, L). The life cycle of the silkworm averaged 392.54 days, with an average period for the egg, caterpillar, pupa, and imago stages being 9.20, 53.52, 320 and 9.83 days, respectively. The viability of pupae was 99.55%, the percentage of females was 56%, males – 44%. With an average productivity of 300 + 35.55 eggs per female, the average survival rate of Saturnia pyri eggs was 98.57%.

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CALCULATION OF CO 2 TRANSFER IN THE ATMOSPHERE BASED ON THE GENERAL ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION MODEL

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The current article aims to examine approaches to the construction of a joint model that includes an interacting global climate model and a carbon cycle model that describes the production process on a global scale. The main task of this stage of the study was to develop a methodology for calculating the transport and vertical mixing of CO 2 in the atmosphere based on a model of the general circulation of the atmosphere and to assess the impact of these processes on its concentration in the atmosphere. To describe the production processes, the study uses a model with 7 types of vegetation and a simplified description of photosynthesis. The article also presents the results of numerical experiments using this set of models.

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EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES FOR LEARNING ACADEMIC VOCABULARY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article examines the relevance of studying academic vocabulary in the context of teaching English at non-linguistic faculties of Russian universities. The formation of an extensive academic vocabulary is an important condition for mastering a foreign language, promotes the academic mobility of students and provides a higher level of communication with representatives of foreign-language scientific and professional communities. Special attention is paid to effective learning strategies and innovative methods of mastering academic vocabulary at the Master’s degree stage.

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A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE CEREBROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF SCUTELLARIAPOLYODON JUZ. AND ALCHEMILLA TREDECIMLOBA BUSER ON LABORATORY ANIMALS WITH BRAIN ISCHEMIA

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, PHARMACEUTICS | 0 comments

As a result of neurological cognitive dysfunctions, as a consequence, destructive changes in biochemical parameters occur in various parts of the brain. The shift of the biochemical stages of the brain may be based on the presence of the following pathogenesis links: excitotoxicity, oxidative-inflammatory cascade, lack of neuron plasticity. Due to this, as a result of various causal mechanisms, such as natural wear and tear, bacterial and viral brain damage (namely, meningitis, Covid–19), traumatic brain injuries, mandatory restorative therapy with neuroprotective effects is necessary. Currently, there is an active search for substances of synthetic and natural origin that could slow down the development of pathology, balance the untimely loss of neuronal functioning, and strengthen the objective possibility of a successful outcome of the pathology. The aim of this analysis is to conduct a comparative assessment of the cerebroprotective activity of an aqueous extract from the grass of the SCUTELLARIA POLYODUM JUZ. and an aqueous extract obtained from the aboveground part of alchemilla tredecimloba buser during experimental modeling of cerebral ischemia in rats. The neurocognitive effects of aqueous extracts from the grass of the above-mentioned plants were studied at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg of animal weight (prophylactic single administration in the course of 7 days). The results obtained demonstrate that the prophylactic administration of the studied aqueous extracts after cerebral ischemia shows statistically clear differences relative to the control series of experiments. For example, under the influence of an aqueous extract of Scutellaria Polyodum Juz at a dose of 100 mg/kg, the study notes a decrease in the hyperperfusion phase and leveling of the hypoperfusion phase in the post-ischemic period relative to the control series of studies.

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MODERN TECHNOLOGIES OF WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSBORDER REGIONS

Posted in 2022, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

Based on the application of geospatial modeling methods, the article carries out an analysis of the state of water use (water consumption and sanitation) for the sustainable use of water resources in a transborder region. For further forecasting of water resources, it is proposed to use neural network modeling.The study offers a model for combining modern geoinformation and neural network technologies for spatial distribution of specific water consumption. The obtained characteristics allow for assessing the current level of water use in a transborder territory and are the basis for solving problematic issues of interstate water allocation and can be used to determine priority areas of activity aimed at improving the efficiency of water use and sustainable development of transborder territories.

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PROSPECTS FOR THE USE OF LEAN TECHNOLOGY TOOLS IN THE OCCUPATIONAL PATHOLOGY SERVICE

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

In today’s Russian healthcare, the problem of saving labor and financial resources is quite urgent. One of the promising management principles is lean manufacturing, which is aimed at reducing costs while improving the efficiency and quality of medical services. There are works testifying to the positive results of the use of lean technologies in the healthcare systems of different countries. In recent years, a new model of a medical organization providing primary health care using lean manufacturing methods has also been implemented in Russia. The purpose of the study was to assess the possibility of using the principles of lean manufacturing in the development of occupational pathology services (based on the Republic of Tatarstan).Research material: data from the Department of Rospotrebnadzor of the Republic of Tatarstan, the register of occupational Diseases of the Republican Center of Occupational Pathology, primary documentation of patients with occupational pathology. Research methods: statistical, lean technology method (value stream mapping).

Results. The article analyzes the main aspects of the interaction between patient, doctors, and the nursing staff, and determines the algorithm of actions of the medical staff / patient in the flow of actions for the examination of the connection of the disease with the profession. The authors identifies bottlenecks and losses in the workflow during the provision of occupational pathology care as well as determines ways of solving the implementation of the necessary actions for the transition to the target state. Conclusion: the provision of primary health care in occupational pathology is accompanied by certain losses. The use of lean technology methods will optimize the logistics of patient movement during the examination of the connection of the disease with the profession and the examination of professional suitability. The analysis of the flow problem made it possible to identify solutions and develop a step-by-step plan for implementing the necessary actions to move to the target state.

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ON THE DIFFERENCE IN THE TYPES OF FORESTS OF FIR PLANTATIONS ACCORDING TO THE TOTALITY OF SURVEY AND OROGRAPHIC FEATURES IN THE ALTAI-SAYAN REGION

Posted in 2022, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The typological structure is the classification basis of forest conditions. To study the typological structure, the research uses 542 plots of fir plantations of the Republic of Khakassia. The research describes the following types of forest in the area under study: Aconitum fir forest (Pikhtach bortsovy), Geranium fir forest (Pikhtach geranevy), green-moss fir forest (Pikhtach zelenomoshnikovy), Oxyria fir forest (Pikhtach kislichny), Fern fir forest (Pikhtach paportnikovy), Carex-Sphagnum fir forest (Pikhtach osochkovo-sfagnovy), medium-mountain fir and horsetail-carex fir forest (Pikhtach srednegorny and Pikhtach khvoshchyovo-osokovy). The authors determined insignificant differences in survey and orographic indicators for most types of fir forests. However, a significant difference was identified between the firs of the Aconitum, medium-mountain, green-moss, geranium and Oxyria groups, which is due to the conditions in their place of growth.

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P. B. SHELLEY. «TO JANE. THE RECOLLECTION”: A POLYLOGUE OF THE POET,THE TRANSLATOR AND THE COMPOSER

Posted in 2022, ARTS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The article discusses three works of art called «The Recollection”. It examines the relationship between P. B. Shelley’s original poetic text, its interlanguage translation, by K. Balmont, and its intersemiotic translation by A. Arensky into the language of music. Special attention is paid to the figurative systems of the works under study and their embodiment by means of various arts. The study demonstrates the dramatic flexibility of music following the movement of artistic thought in the poetic primary source and the originality of musical composition due to this flexibility. The author identifies the influence exerted on the composer’s idea not only by the translated text that serves as its basis but also by the English-language original text interpreted with specific features not reflected in the translation.

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ON THE FEATURES OF HEART RATE IN 16-17-YEAR-OLD FOOTBALL PLAYERS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

The study was conducted over two academic years (the beginning and the end of each academic year) with the same contingent of students aged 16-17 years engaged and not engaged in football. The experiment was conducted in a youth sports school. The average sports experience by the end of the study was 7 years. The control group was engaged in physical culture two hours a week. The aim of the study was to examine the heart rate variability in football players aged 16-17 and their peers who do not play sports. The study determined the features of the adaptation of the heart rate of young football players and their peers who were not involved in football.

By the end of the first year of the study, the sympathetic type of regulation increases in football players (41.67%), which indicates the tension of adaptation mechanisms. The same pattern was found in young men who were not involved in sports by the end of the second year of the study. It was found that at the end of the second year of the study, according to the degree of activation of the parasympathetic department of the autonomic nervous system, two groups were identified: 50% registered normal values, while the second half showed the tension of the heart rhythm mechanisms and unsatisfactory adaptation. The results obtained expand the understanding of the age-related features of the functioning of the cardiovascular system during physical exertion of different capacities in athletes.

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FEATURES OF PERCEPTION OF A CITY THROUGH THE EYES OF AN ARTIST

Posted in 2022, ARTS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The article discusses the features of perception and interpretation of urban environment in works of various artists by means of modern art. Using the example of diverse stylistic trends, the author outlines the fundamental trends in approaches to the image of the appearance of cities. On the one hand, this is the interpretation of the plots and artists’ ideas about the city as a whole as a “City of the World”, a cultural phenomenon, a space of historical significance. On the other hand, the city is a symbol of the Motherland, with which an artist has a number of certain memories, emotional experiences. The study also concludes that the measure of the surface or depth of the image in works of fine art about a city is inextricably linked not only with the artist’s ability to portray but also with the viewer’s ability to reflect.

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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF HUMAN TOXOCAROSIS IN ASTRAKHAN OBLAST

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

Toxocarosis is of great interest to doctors, since in this disease the pathological process affects different systems of the body. There is a wide variety of clinical symptoms, as well as diagnostic methods and treatment tactics for this disease.

In the period from 2016 to 2020, Astrakhan Oblast reported 36 episodes of human toxocariasis. During the period under study, the share of toxocarosis accounted for 0.4% of episodes and 0.2% of the total number of all helminthiases that were registered in Astrakhan Oblast in the period from 2016 to 2020.

Toxocarosis can be observed in both children and adults. The share of the age population accounted for 83.6%, including the working population – 66.8%, the retired citizens – 12.3%, and the unemployed – 3.4%.

The share of children in the incidence of toxocarosis accounted for 18.3%, among whom 12.3% attended secondary schools, 3.2% attended secondary schools, and another child was at home with its parents – 3%.

The main clinical symptoms of persons who applied to a medical institution were the following: dry cough – 22.8%, asthenia – 18.2%, pain in the epigastrium, as well as subfebrile body temperature – 12.4% each, vasomotor rhinitis and myalgia with arthralgia – 5.7%.

Also, 2.7% of patients complained of decreased appetite, dermatitis, shortness of breath, and weight loss.

Epidemiological history demonstrates that the most frequent factors of the development of the disease were the following: non–compliance with the rules of personal hygiene – 93.8%, eating unwashed vegetables and fruits – 87.9%, close contact with pets – 63.5%, nail biting (onychophagia) – 21.3%, consumption of soil and various types of soil (chalk, clay) and hand licking – 8.7% each.

The main choice of the method of laboratory diagnosis of toxocarosis was the method of enzyme immunoassay, which was used to detect antibodies to toxocar antigens with class J immunoglobulins (CJSC “Vektor–Best”, Rostov).

Conclusions:the problem of human toxocarosis remains relevant today, this is proved by new cases of this disease. The age category of citizens varied: the disease affects both children and adults. The most frequent risk factors for the development of the disease are close contact with animals and non-compliance with the basics of personal hygiene. The evidence of the presence of parasitic infection in patients is the detection of antibody titer 1:800 and higher in sick citizens, and in addition the presence of clinical symptoms of the disease.

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OVARIAN PRP THERAPY: MOLECULAR ASPECTS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

Infertility is a disease characterized by the inability to achieve clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular sexual activity without contraception due to the subject’s hindered ability to reproduce. In recent years, the frequency of this diagnosis has increased due to premature ovarian insufficiency, and low ovarian reserve, together with a “poor” ovarian response to stimulation, remain the main factors of infertility in older women of reproductive age. The use of assisted reproductive technologies in these patients is associated with a low frequency of pregnancy. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which contains various growth factors that enhance regeneration, angiogenesis, and cell proliferation, is of interest as a method of overcoming infertility in the above-mentioned conditions.

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An Analysis of the Optimality Criteria for the Movement of the Working Body of a Mixing Mechanism

Posted in 2022, ENGINEERING, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The device proposed in this article relates to spatial lever-screw mechanisms and can be used in the food, medical, chemical, construction industries, as well as in agriculture, as a device necessary for the preparation of homogeneous media, allowing for intensifying mass and heat exchange processes, equalize the concentration and temperature in the entire volume of mixed substances by increasing the contact surface phases, to ensure an even distribution of energy in the volume of the apparatus.

In agriculture, the mixing process is used in the preparation of various liquid fertilizers that increase the fertility of cultivated areas, multicomponent pesticides for etching seeds before sowing; in the chemical, pharmaceutical and medical industries such as the preparation of medicinal substances; in the food industry – in the preparation of cheese curds (V. Guileta, N. Chusovitin. Dispositis de mélange: diplôme d`une médaille d`or. Concours Lépine le salon Europeen de l’invention de Strasbourg. – Strasbourg, 2011), in confectionery production – in order to replace monotonous manual operations; in mechanical engineering – in the manufacture of grinding wheels; in the construction industry – in the production of fine ceramic products.

Despite the fact that most of the designs of the mechanical mixing devices used were created on the basis of practical experience without sufficient justification, they dominate in the world practice. This fact is explained by the versatility of such devices, the reliability of their designs, and high efficiency compared to mixing devices of other types.

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A STUDY OF NEUROGENIC CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS IN FOCAL EPILEPSY IN RATS IN AN EXPERIMENT

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

Simultaneous observation of both the electrical activity of brain neurons and the electrical activity of the heart made it possible to establish a temporal correlation between the frequency of spontaneous impulses of neurons and the electrical activity of the heart. The experiments were performed on 30 outbred rats of both sexes with a body weight of 280-405g. A regression analysis of temporal correlations between epileptic activity and arrhythmias showed that EEG patterns and paroxysmal activity have a linear correlation during intercalative and ictal activity. Starting from the beginning of the experiment and up to 120 minutes, there was a parallel trend of variable paroxysmal electroencephalographic activity and arrhythmic activity (r = 0.856 and r = 0.642, respectively), which indicated an increase in arrhythmic activity directly proportional to epileptic activity.

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DIFFICULTIES OF DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS OF STEREOTYPY IN CHILDREN. A CLINICAL CASE STUDY

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

Stereotypies are repetitive non-functional forms of behavior and activity that often occur in childhood due to specific features of a child’s development or are a pathological symptom of a lesion. This condition is quite difficult to differentiate from other diseases. Some stereotypical movements are manifestations of Grisel’s syndrome. Grisel’s syndrome is spondyloarthritis of the upper neck, which occurs against the background of any inflammatory processes in the pharynx or nasopharynx and is in no way related to trauma and bone disease. The article presents a literary reference devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of stereotypies in children, and a clinical observation demonstrating a long diagnostic search in a patient with stereotypical movements, which led to anti-inflammatory therapy of Grisel’s syndrome.

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DYNAMICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EMIRATE OF BUKHARA AS A SEPARATE STATE BEFORE JOINING THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article explores the main aspects characterizing the dynamics of socio-political, economic and military development of the Emirate of Bukhara before its entry into the Russian Empire. The thesis is substantiated that the “decline” of the Emirate of Bukhara as an independent state was determined, as has often happened in history, by a consistent weakening of power within the country, a decrease in defense capability, and activation of the dynamics of feudal fragmentation. The factors, which were studied and reasoned by specific historical and legal data, led to a geopolitically predictable and reasonable outcome: vassal dependence on the Russian Empire.

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TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The authors of the article analyze the trends in the development of modern international law through the lens of its features and advantages in comparison with national law. The study notes the development of regulatory regulation of the use of autonomous vehicles, primarily autonomous naval vessels and autonomous weapons systems. The authors also draw attention to the return of the international community and separately of the international legal doctrine to concepts, for example, the concept of just war, which were characteristic of the 16th-17th centuries, in the period before the signing of the Westphalian Peace Treaty and before the formation of the modern understanding of the state and state sovereignty. According to the authors, all these trends can greatly change the face of international law in the future and change the model of interaction between states, which will also be caused by a change in the role of the UN.

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GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE PARAMETERS OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLES IN CHILDREN AGED 8-12 YEARS

Posted in 2022, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022, MEDICINE | 0 comments

The purpose of this study was to study the sex differences in the parameters of the lateral ventricles in children of 8-12 years of age. For the study, data on the size of the lateral ventricles of 120 eight-year-old children (60 boys and 60 girls) were used, namely: 1) the length and width of the anterior horn, 2) the length and width of the central part, 3) the length and width of the posterior horn, 4) the length of the lower horn, 5) the anterior size, 6) the distance between the anterior and posterior horns. The research was carried out by studying archival materials of MRI diagnostics. It was found that the average length and width of the right and left anterior horns and the width of the right and left posterior horns of the lateral ventricles in girls were larger than in boys. In the course of the study, the authors establish the absence of gender differences and bilateral asymmetry.

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MODELING RSA ENCRYPTION IN MS EXCEL

Posted in 2022, ENGINEERING, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

The article discusses mathematical and applied aspects of data encryption using the RSA algorithm. Two main encryption methods are examined. The study presents and describes the main steps of the RSA data encryption algorithm. The author presents a problem with sequential steps of encoding, transmitting, and decrypting a message using the RSA encryption algorithm in MS Excel; the relevance of the application of the squaring and multiplication method using the “right to left” scheme is also substantiated.

It is argued that the cryptographic strength of RSA is based on the complexity of factoring large numbers, namely, on the exceptional difficulty of determining the secret key based on the public key, since this requires solving the problem of the existence of integer divisors.

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CURRENT TRENDS AND PROBLEMS OF DIGITALIZATION OF THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Posted in 2022, ECONOMICS, Issue № 04 (118) April 2022 | 0 comments

In difficult modern conditions, the state faces the task of ensuring effective management of the national economy system. It is possible to solve this problem only with the balanced development of the aggregate of the country’s industries. However, not all industries are equally ready for the modern pace of development and the introduction of new technologies. The agro–industrial complex remains one of the problematic sectors in the Russian economy. The state of the agricultural sector largely determines the economic stability and the level of food security of the state. Today, innovation and digitalization are the drivers of development; however, in most regions the agro-industrial complex is not ready for their mass implementation. The paper examines the trends and identifies the problems of digitalization of the agroindustrial complex. Based on the results of the study, the authors propose a methodology for solving key problems in practice.

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