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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

2021

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ЭЛ № ФС 77 - 80772, 16+

A PROBE INTO THE CAUSES OF HAYDN’S COMEDY MUSIC STYLE

Posted in 2021, ARTS, Issue №9 (111) September 2021 | 0 comments

Franz Joseph Haydn’s music is recognized as witty and humorous, full of healthy, simple and relaxed interest. This personal music style has been highlighted in his instrumental works. This paper attempts to explore the formation of comic style in Haydn’s music, which will involve the influence of the 18th century Enlightenment, Baroque spirit and the language of opera in the 18th century. Haydn put comedy throughout his music creation, making comedy his important music style, from which we can clearly observe the process from simple playfulness to comedy. It is recognized that his comic expression techniques and comic effects are diversified. No matter in his piano works, string quartet music or symphonies, we can clearly feel the comic temperament of his music.

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MORAL PREFERENCES AS SOCIO-CULTURAL CONSTANTS OF THE HISTORICAL CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE INDIVIDUAL

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article deals with the relevant problems of determining the essence of moral preferences as sociocultural constants of the historical consciousness of the individual, examines the relationship of moral preferences actualized in the historical consciousness of the individual at a certain historical stage with its ability to construct historical and social reality. In modern conditions of socio-cultural uncertainty and rapid change of the sociocultural landscape, it is important to have a strong foundation or “fulcrum” in order to maintain stability, stability and continuity in historical development and movement in time. In the opinion the authors of the article, such “points of support” are the moral preferences of the individual as certain socio-cultural constants that contribute to the preservation of continuity and stability of sociocultural systems in the conditions of sociocultural transformations.

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PROPER NAMES AS A MEANS OF DENOTING THE SUBJECT IN THE NOVEL M. A. BULGAKOV’S “THE MASTER AND MARGARITA” AND ITS GERMAN TRANSLATIONS

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The linguistic analysis of the intentions of the use of language/speech units naming the subject has been the least developed problem of artistic discourse until now. At the same time, the works of the great classics of world literature. such as M. A. Bulgakov, contain the richest material for a comprehensive exploration of this problem.

In artistic texts, proper names and intentions realized with their help can serve as a kind of reference point for creating a direction in the interpretation of a work.

The current article is based on the novel “The Master and Margarita” by M. A. Bulgakov and examines proper names and, in particular, allusive proper names nominating the subject. The study distinguishes proper names that have the lowest degree of explicitness realizing the function of a single naming of the subject, and the highest degree of implicitness realizing the meaning of generality. With the help of an original method of linguistic and pragmatic interpretation supplemented by methods of contextual and corpus analysis, the authors analyze the problem of translation and preservation of explicit and hidden properties of proper names.

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ABOUT THE ORIGINS AND PROBLEMS OF MODERN PSYCHOLINGUISTICS

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article describes the background of the emergence of psycholinguistics – explores the concepts of A. Marty and K. Buehler, assesses their impact on the subsequent development of the science of language; presents the modern ideas of psycholinguists about language, its forms, specifics and methods of language learning, speech activity.
The purpose of the work is to analyze the works of A. Marty and K. Buehler, who laid the foundations of psycholinguistics, and to present the modern problems of this science. The research novelty is in fact that the concepts of German scientists for the first time are considered as the most important scientific prerequisite for the emergence of psycholinguistics, and the provisions that distinguish psycholinguistics from other linguistic disciplines are formulated.
General-logical methods and techniques of research (analysis, synthesis, abstracting, generalization) have been used, as well as specific methods for the human knowledge are understanding and explanation. It is concluded that modern psycholinguistics, like the concepts of A. Marty and K. Buehler, is based upon the idea of speech as a psychical process.

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HASHTAG AS A TOOL OF INFLUENCE IN MODERN MEDIA SPACE

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article features an analysis of the links between online discourse and the dynamics of social movements in the offline space. The study examines the features of hashtags in the formation of the agenda and the specifics of the influence of hashtag movements on the offline space. Political organizations and figures actively use hashtag movements in order to implement their social agenda. It is emphasized that the main feature of hashtags is the participation of peripheral users who distribute hashtags in the process of participating in the discussion, criticism or approval. The article also examines certain hashtag movements that have influenced the political institutions of society. The author comes to the conclusion that in addition to active work with content, it is important to promote it correctly. Hashtag movements serve to draw attention to a problem or situation through various social platforms and key figures, including bloggers, opinion leaders, social and old media.

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THE PHENOMENON OF SYNONYMY IN THE ANTHROPOLINGUISTIC ASPECT

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article identifies and examines synonyms of the ambiguous lexical unit oblastin Russian and region in English. The paper considers the figurative meaning of the lexemes and determines the date of its occurrence. By analyzing the dictionaries of synonyms, the author selects corresponding lexical units, examines their semantic structure, determines the time of the appearance of the lexeme and the time of the formation of the considered figurative meaning as well as indicates the frequency of the identified language signs. The article contains a comparative analysis of the synonymy of semantic rows in Russian and in English is identifying their features from the perspective of a newly formed branch of knowledge – anthropolinguistics.

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COMPOUND NOUNS IN SCIENTIFIC TEXTS: BASED ON THE ARTICLES FROM “SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN”

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The current article features an analysis of the frequency of the use of compound nouns in the texts of English-language scientific articles as well as the features of the graphic design of compound words in the journal Scientific American. As a result, the study found that the most productive type of compound nouns is those formed according to the principle “noun + noun”; most compound nouns in scientific articles are written together, while hyphenated spelling and separate spelling occur in an equal number of cases.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENT SPEECH IN THE FILM “THE LAST SONG”

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article features an analysis of the portrayal of a teenager’s speech presented in the film “The Last Song” based on the novel of the same name written by Nicholas Sparks. The aim of the research is to analyze the language means of creating a speech characteristic of a teenager. The relevance of the work is justified by the need to understand the modern foreign language speech of representatives of the adolescent age group. The novelty of the work is connected with the appeal to a modern film dedicated to the problems of the adolescent period of life for the purpuses of analyzing the dialogue within it. It is adolescent speech that is characterized by increased dynamism and a desire for encryption and expression, which therefore causes difficulties in its interpretation. The conducted research makes a certain contribution to the study of modern informal speech; its practical value lies in the possibility of using the results obtained for the formation and development of skills of understanding, translating and modeling the speech of adolescents in English.

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THE PROBLEM OF DEFINING THE CONCEPT OF “NON-EQUIVALENT VOCABULARY”

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

In modern translation studies, lack of equivalence can be understood as the absence of both a dictionary and a translation equivalent. In light of this fact, there are two approaches to the definition of the concept of “non-equivalent vocabulary” that can be distinguished based on different interpretations of the term “equivalent”. The article analyzes the disadvantages of both approaches with a detailed commentary of specific examples. As a solution to the problem, the article proposes a definition that combines both approaches and provides a sample of analysis on the basis of which it can be concluded that the lexical unit under consideration is or is not equivalent. The method of identifying non-equivalent vocabulary proposed in the article can be used in conducting pre-translation analysis, particularly when performing educational translations or in scientific research.

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ETHNIC, LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL CONCEPT “OLEN”: IMAGE SIGNS IN THE RUSSIAN AND EVEN LINGUISTIC WORLDVIEWS

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses image features of the ethnospecific concept “olen” (deer) in the Russian and Even linguistic worldviews. This article aims to describe the figurative features in the structure of the ethnospecific concept “olen” in the Russian language and to identify the similarities and differences of the features and related ethnolinguistic and cultural stereotypes and national character on the basis of a comparative analysis with the Even language.

The results of the research demonstrate the image features of the “olen” concept as well as establish the similarities and differences of the ethnolinguistic and cultural concept in the Russian and Even linguistic cultures.

The practical significance of the research lies in the possibility of applying the results in theoretical courses on linguistic culturology, linguistic and cultural studies as well as ethnic and lignuistic culturology, cognitive linguistics and a course of lectures on general linguistics.

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THE CONCEPT OF “FIRE” IN THE LEXICAL SEMANTICS OF THE EVEN LANGUAGE

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the lexical semantics of the concept “fire” in the Even linguistic worldview. In Even dialects, the concept of “fire” is represented by three lexical units – тог, гулун, ниӈилэ. The main figurative features of the concept are anthropomorphism expressed in the form of metaphors and metonymic transfers. Also, figurative signs are represented in the genres of forbiddings and amulets that function in the linguistic worldview of the ethnic group. To determine the conceptual and cognitive features of the concept, the study uses the methods of linguistic and cultural analysis as well as the descriptive, interviewing and continuous sampling methods. The result of the study is the conclusion that the concept of “fire” can be considered one of the primary concepts in the Even linguistic culture.

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IMPLEMENTATION AND ROLE OF NVC IN DECODING SEMANTIC DOMINANT IN A LITERARY TEXT

Posted in 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses some aspects of the study of NVC, presented in a literary text, in the framework of an experimental study. The aim of the study is theoretical and experimental substantiation of the presence of stable text parameters that affect the functional relationship between the verbal and non-verbal components of communication. Also, the purpose of the experimental study of the NVC is to argue the position that the NVC is a semantic component of the content structure of a literary text. Within the framework of this goal, the author points out that the way of presentation of the NVC can occupy a dominant place in the process of understanding the text, analyzes fragments taken from various works of American classical literature. The scientific novelty of the work lies in the fact that for the first time an attempt was made to psycholinguistically analyze the non-verbal communication components presented in the text from the point of view of their meaning-forming role. In addition, the role of the non-verbal component of communication in the representation of the dominant meaning of the text was experimentally investigated. As a result of the study, conclusions were drawn about the unconditional actualization of the NVC when representing the semantic dominant of the text.

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THE IMAGE OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF NORTH AMERICA IN THE JACK LONDON’S TALES OF THE NORTH

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the Native American characters in the stories of the writer Jack London. The American writer’s 19 short stories from “Tales of the North”, related to the realist movement in their subject matter, serve as the basis of the research. The authors of the article identify the main naming conventions used by Jack London to create the characters under study. The article concludes that the images of Native Americans are explored both metaphorically and historically and together make up the specificity of Jack London’s works. The stories, which reflect the turning points of the era, reflect the collision of old images of Native Americans as “savages” with their more modern image.

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FEATURES OF TRANSLATING BLENDS (BASED ON THE ENGLISH-LANGUAGE “TANDEM” APP)

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The current study aims to identify the most effective ways of translating English-language blends, which are increasingly appearing in modern communication. Based on the blends selected in the “Tandem” app, the article concludes that this method of word formation is quite productive annd meets the modern requirements of language economy. Among the various translation methods, 5 were identified in total (explication, calque, analog selection, literal translation of correlates, transcription/transliteration), which are effectively used by translators to work with such complex neologisms as blends.

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DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES OF SPORTS MEDIA IN THE MODERN INFORMATION LANDSCAPE

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the features of the digitalization of modern sports discourse based on the analysis of popular digital media in Russia that produce sports content. Based on the thematic analysis and in the context of the technological approach, the authors identify specific features and main trends in the development of digital sports media. Taking into account the peculiarities of the development of digital sports resources in Russia, the technological principle of their activity is highlighted as it allows for creating appropriate sports content in multimedia and transmedia format. The article also identifies the key factors influencing the activity of digital sports media, including economic and state policy in the field of sports.

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MODERN YOUTH SLANG: ITS SOURCES AND VARIETIES

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the features, sources of replenishment and etymological aspects of youth slang in the modern Russian language. The article provides historical aspects of the appearance of the concept of slang and changes in its meaning are given. The study identifies and describes the main varieties of this phenomenon: youth, professional, computer, criminal slang as well as slang associated with hobbies. Youth slang is classified depending on the social group and includes school, student, network, gaming, hacker, and subcultural slang. Also, the authors draw conclusions about the positive and negative aspects of the influence of slang on the state of the modern Russian literary language.

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ONLINE COMMUNICATION AND ITS IMPACT ON EVERYDAY SPEECH

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses the influence of communication on the Internet on everyday speech. Today, humanity cannot imagine its existence without the use of the Internet and its resources. Modern technologies are present in every area of our activity including education, work, distant communication with relatives and friends. However, with the increasing influence of the Internet, its influence on everyday speech also increases. Communication concluded within the framework of the Internet is gradually moving into the environment of interpersonal interaction.

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CONSTRUCTING FUNCTIONS OF THE PARTICLE “TOLKO” (ONLY) FROM THE RUSSIAN NATIONAL CORPUS

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses an aspect of the functioning of the particle “tolko” (only), which is the participation of the particle in the design of syntactic constructions, namely, the entry of “tolko” into the gradation conjunction (comparative conjunction with homogenous elements) “ne tolko … no i” (not only … but also) and its various modifications. The hypothesis of the study is the following assumption: various modifications of the conjunction “ne tolko … no i” are able to express various shades of an emotional and expressive meaning, in connection with which the purpose of the study is to identify these shades in materials from the National Corpus of the Russian Language. As a result of studying the conjunction “not only … but also”, the study identifies additional means for expressing shades of a semantic nature, many of which are able to express elements of an emotional and expressive meaning, which makes these modifications “… stylistically colored variants of the same conjunction” [3, P. 679].

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VOCABULARY SEMANTIZATION IN TEACHING RUSSIAN TO FOREIGNERS

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses teaching Russian vocabulary to foreign students. The article examines the role of vocabulary in language teaching and the peculiarities of working on vocabulary in a foreign audience as well as discusses the pedagogical approach to the development and formation of lexical skills of students. The article emphasizes the use of non-verbal means in the process of semanticizing new lexical units under study.

Theresults of this article are notonlyof theoretical significance, contributing to the theory of vocabulary teaching, but will also be in demand for further study of various language tools and methods of teaching foreign languages, including in the field of teaching Russian as a foreign language.

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THE READINESS OF STUDENTS TO ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE IN THE CONTEXT OF DISTANCE LEARNING

Posted in 2021, Issue №9 (111) September 2021, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

In the context of digitalization of all spheres of human life, distance learning is of particular importance in the field of education. Distance learning has a long historical tradition, but in the modern context, it acquires new features due to information technologies. Distance learning has certain advantages over traditional learning, which determines the readiness of students to adapt to the conditions of remote learning format. Nevertheless, distance learning is not without certain drawbacks that must be taken into account when implementing this form of training. The relevance of studying the readiness of students to perceive knowledge in the framework of distance learning is increasing in the context of the mass transition of the field of education to a remote form.

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