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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

2020

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

HEALTH-SAVING BEHAVIOR MODEL IN DIFFERENT GENERATIONS OF RUSSIANS

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The main objective of the presented work is to develop a model of health-saving behavior of different generations of Russians. The formation of attitudes towards health is influenced by the individual values of an individual and the factors of subjective economic well-being and intrinsic motivation for maintaining and strengthening health. The respondents were young Russians of the age of 18-25 (574 people); 293 people were the representatives of generations X (born in 1963-1984) and 184 of the respondents were born in 1943-1963. The following methods were used in the study: S. Schwartz’s PVQ-R method [12], the “Your lifestyle” method [4] and the “Subjective economic well-being” method [11]. The attitudes of young people toward health are more positive than those of other generations of Russians. The value of “Autonomy: thoughts” is universal for all generations of Russians in the structure of the formation of attitudes towards health. At the same time, the values of individualism play the largest role in the formation of attitudes towards health among the representatives of generation Y, and the traditional values in the baby boomer generation. The factors of subjective economic well-being and intrinsic motivation for maintaining health also influence the formation of attitudes regarding healthy lifestyles, and the social and cognitive aspects of attitudes toward health are more pronounced in the structure of health-saving behavior among representatives of the baby boomer generation.

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DYNAMICS OF SELF-ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS IN PSYCHOLOGY VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper presents the results of dynamics diagnostics of the self-relationship integral factor of an individual and its components in students under the Psychology training program. We can talk about the presence of ambivalence in the self-concept of graduates of this program, which is typical for those entering the faculty of psychology. However, it should be confidentially noted that the process of entering the professional field of psychology contributes to the integration of various personal aspects, which is manifested in more pronounced attitudes towards self-acceptance, self-knowledge, self-development, and a decrease in the dependence of self-relation on external evaluation.

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AFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES AND DEVELOPMENT OF CONVERSATIONAL SELF-CONTROL ABILITIES DURING FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING PROCESS

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The analysis of the psychological and pedagogical literature in the field of conversational activity shows that self-control is the main driving mechanism of conversational activity. The paper discusses the relevance of getting the abilities of conversational self-control in combination with affective learning strategies during the process of a foreign language mastering at school and university. The consideration of this topic is relevant due to poorly developed skills of self-control of students and insufficient attention to modern teaching materials. Since learning is a social process of imitation and identification, starting in the affective sphere, in the learning process of self-control, affective learning strategies used by students can provide invaluable assistance.

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ON DEONTOLOGICAL READINESS OF A FUTURE TEACHER FOR WORK

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the problem of the deontological readiness of future teachers and their preparedness for professional and moral self-fulfillment. The components of the professional activity of future teachers, as well as the structure of pedagogical activity are analyzed, whereas interconnected components are identified. The modeling of pedagogical support of the future teacher’s readiness for professional and moral self-fulfillment is considered. Basic pedagogical conditions that form the deontological readiness of a future teacher for professional pedagogical activity are considered as well.

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NEW APPROACHES OF COLLEGES IN CREATING PROFESSIONAL-COMPETENT PERSONALITY OF STUDENT

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The paper discusses the conditions of the contradictions between a high theoretical level of training in college and the lack of practice-oriented specialists. The following problem is formulated – the lack of practical orientation of the educational process in a college. The application of the dual learning model is justified in this work. The directions of college innovative activities in the form of a holistic development system that allows one to reach a high level of specialist training are also considered.

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PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS IN TAJIK LANGUAGE

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

Phraseological units (phraseological units) are the important part of the lexical composition of any language. Developing over the centuries as one of the important elements of the language, they developed in accordance with its laws and rules. This article is devoted to the current topic of the problem of studying phraseological units in the Tajik language.

The study of phraseological units in the Tajik language shows that the existing problems of phraseology were solved in Soviet times based on the Russian language, but they were not studied enough in the Tajik language. The study of phraseology in Russian is associated with the famous linguist V.V. Vinogradov. The analyzes show that the study of phraseological units, the use and their place in colloquial speech are defined.

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ROLE OF THE LINGUISTIC POLICY OF FRANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LANGUAGE FACTOR IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article discusses practical application and development of the language factor in the spectrum of international relations. As the area of the development of countries, actors and their relationships becomes gradually dominated by “soft force,” the philological aspect of this type of political influence [soft force] in the form of linguistic policy plays an important role in the further evolution of the international situation. Each state forms its own approach to the implementation of the linguistic factor in the framework of local, regional and global processes. A study of the activities of France in the development of this factor related to the humanitarian science, and namely philology, was carried out to identify the areas of the language factor development in a given country and to analyze the results of these activities. An important role in the development of the “soft force” of France is played by the international organization called Francophonie, which has a set of multidirectional goals and objectives that help spread and strengthen the positions of French language and culture. The purpose of this article is to consider the philological aspect of the country’s development at the international arena and to prove its impact on general intercultural communication. The results of this work can be applied in the study of linguistic policy and the role of the language factor in the development of present-day society.

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LINGUISTIC ASPECTS OF GENOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF INGUSH NARTOLOGY

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses some aspects of linguistic (and not only) problems of the Ingush Nart epos. The place and vernacularity of the Ingush epic tales in the North Caucasus Nartiade are emphasized, they unite all the Caucasian peoples in one way or another.

The authors provide the review of the main sources on the Ingush Nart epos. The features of the influence and mutual influence of the languages-adstrata on the general cultural North Caucasian substrate are shown. The excerpts from a speech by a well-known specialist in the field of narrative science, Professor I. A. Dakhkilgov, with an analysis of some Nart myths are given in the paper.

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INNOVATIVE POTENTIALOF A PODCAST AS AN INTEGRATED MEDIA TECHNOLOGY

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The current stage of media development is characterized by the rapid development of new media formats that can improve the efficiency of media. The article considers a podcast as an audio or video file for transmitting information in traditional media. Analysis from the perspective of digital access, institutional factors and personnel characteristics enables describing a podcast as a format for simplified presentation of information, which combines rich content and freedom of interpretation, and constitutes the innovative potential of podcasts as a new media format.

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SEMANTICS OF GENERAL CONDITIONALITY AND WAYS OF ITS EXPRESSION IN RUSSIAN PAREMIES

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper describes the author’s assumption that within the grouping of functional-semantic fields of conditionality there is a zone in which particular values (reason, condition) cannot be uniquely differentiated. It is proved that there are grounds for isolating a microfield of general conditionality. The evidence for the existence of this microfield is summarized, fragmented in the works of scientists of the functional direction. The need to highlight the semantics of general conditioning is demonstrated on the material of Russian paremias (proverbs and signs).

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TAJ AD-DIN IBN YALCHIGUL’S INTERPRETER TECHNIQUE (ON EXAMPLE OF INTERPRETATION TO AL-BAKARA SURA)

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the interpretation of the sacred text used by the Bashkir theologian Taj ad-Din Ibn Yalchigul in the interpretation of one-seventh of the Koran. It was revealed that the author follows the classical canon of clarification of the Muslim text, using philological, historical, biographical and religious legal commentary. The ethical-didactic emphasis in the interpretation of text elements that do not contain direct appeals to believers is specific to the studied monument.

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FRAGMENTS OF TURKISH HISTORY OF THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY AND THE IMAGE OF ATATURK IN THE FOLKLORE OF THE KARACHAY-BALKAR DIASPORA

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The work analyzes the folklore of the diaspora, which clearly reflects the events that took place in Turkey a hundred years ago during the formation of a democratic republic. The course of these dramatic events and the role that the Karachay-Balkar Muhajirs played in them are revealed based on historical facts and recollections of the descendants of the war veterans. Legends and traditions, songs and stories about the historical events of the first quarter of the twentieth century, as well as memories of the outstanding Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, have been preserved in the diaspora. He is honored in folk songs and legends among the descendants of the Muhajirs. The participants in the bloody battles at Canakkale and other theaters of war are an example for diaspora youth today when the country is forced to resolve border conflicts.

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PRACTICE IN APPLICATION OF ESTOPEPEL IN CASES OF RECOGNITION OF VALID TRANSACTION

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The article considers and summarizes the definitions of the “estoppel” term proposed by domestic civilists, this concept is defined. The author considers the features of applying the estoppel principle when considering cases related to contesting invalid transactions and applying the consequences of such invalidity; the distinction between the scope of application of clauses 2 and 5 of Article 166 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation is determined. The conclusion on the principle of action of estoppel in protecting the rights of participants in civil turnover is drawn.

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THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF STATE GOVERNANCE OF INNOVATIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

This article discusses key theoretical aspects of state regulation of innovation. The main objectives and goals of the state in innovative activities are identified and analysed. A variety of ways and methods of state regulation of innovation is presented. Having analyzed the key tools that stimulate innovative activity, we conclude that the role of the state in this process is significant. It is necessary to pay more attention to state support of innovation and develop the existing ones while looking for new tools and methods of state support.

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PROBLEMS AND LIMITATIONS ON APPLYING THE LAW TO PLEDGE AGREEMENTS (PLEDGED PROPERTY)

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

This paper analyzes the problems and limitations on the application of the law to a pledge agreement (pledged property). The concept, subject, and sources of legal regulation of the pledge agreement are characterized in this work. The problems concerning the preservation of collateral when changing property transferred as collateral are investigated. Collisions of norms of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and special rules applicable in the law enforcement practice of pledging rights under a bank account agreement are also noted.

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CORRUPTION AS INTEGRATED PART OF CRIME AND ITS CRIMINOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The authors try to investigate the causes of the emergence and prevention of corruption situations in Russia in this article. The measures taken and the coordinated joint work of law enforcement agencies and the theory of criminal law on issues of more substantial legislative strengthening of the rule of law allows us to support a very positive development of the criminal situation in this area in 2020, which, according to us will reduce the level of corruption.

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LEGAL ENTITY THEORIES

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

The paper considers the main approaches to determining the essence of a legal entity; it is emphasized that they originate in ancient Roman law. The authors rely on the conditional division of all available doctrines into fictitious, considering the legal entity as a theoretical construct and realistic – defining the legal entity as a single coherent whole. They raise questions about whether a corporation is responsible for the misconduct of its representatives or members; whether it is allowed to depart from the principle of limited liability. They conclude that the problematic aspects of the search for the essence of a legal entity are associated with determining the scope and limits of application of a particular theory.

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TAJ AD-DIN IBN YALCHIGUL’S INTERPRETER TECHNIQUE (ON EXAMPLE OF INTERPRETATION TO AL-BAKARA SURA)

Posted in 2020, Issue №2(92) February 2020, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper is devoted to the analysis of the interpretation of the sacred text used by the Bashkir theologian Taj ad-Din Ibn Yalchigul in the interpretation of one-seventh of the Koran. It was revealed that the author follows the classical canon of clarification of the Muslim text, using philological, historical, biographical and religious legal commentary. The ethical-didactic emphasis in the interpretation of text elements that do not contain direct appeals to believers is specific to the studied monument.

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CONTINUITY OF SOLUTION OF INVERSE PROBLEMS FOR THE EQUATION OF RADIATION TRANSFER

Posted in 2020, Issue № 01(91) January 2020, PHYSICS AND MATHEMATICS | 0 comments

The theory of inverse problems for the particle transport equation is one of the rapidly developing areas of modern mathematics. This article discusses the continuity of the solution of inverse problems for the radiative transfer equation in multi-zone regions from R. In fact, the inverse problem is studied for the non-stationary radiative transfer equation, which consists in simultaneously finding the scattering coefficient ss and radiation intensity u. In this case, it suffices to prove the continuity of the solution of the inverse problem from R with respect to additional information. In this paper, we study the local properties of the classical solution of the single speed time-dependent equation considered in a multi-zone domain.

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ANALYSIS OF FILTER MODES FROM WATER JET WITH THE USE OF GEOMEMBRANE IN ITS BASIS

Posted in 2020, ENGINEERING, Issue № 01(91) January 2020 | 0 comments

This paper considers the problem of violation of filtration modes. The authors carried out filtration calculation and the analysis of the anti-filtration geomembrane of the underground water circuit of hydraulic structures. A conformal mapping of the region resistance coefficient (ζ) to the complex filtration potential was converted to determine the resistance coefficients of the filtration area of the antifiltration geomembrane at the base of the underground water circuit. The resistance coefficient was calculated for the case of analytical connection, design schemes of an anti-filter screen were used, in the base with permeable fastening, with any other area of the simplest outline with the known ones. Performing simple transformations, assuming successively that 27-01-2020 14-07-24, we obtain 27-01-2020 14-08-06, respectively, and proceeding from this the maximum pressure gradient, we find that the first derivative is equal to zero. The resulting dependence has the same structure as the well-known R.R. Chugaev’s formula for the output ledge and channel, obtained by him based on the hydromechanical solution of S.N. Numerov. With practical ratios 27-01-2020 14-08-33 the resistance coefficient at the output from the horizontal screen will be 10% lower than for the ledge. The pressure at the end of the underground circuit development decreased to 27-01-2020 14-08-57= 43%, while the output gradients decrease by 27-01-2020 14-09-25= 30 … 50%.

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