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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

2020

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

CONSOLIDATION OF LAND SHARES IN ORDER TO INCREASE SOIL FERTILITY IN AZERBAIJAN’S FARMS

Posted in 2020, ECONOMICS, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The article deals with research to determine the main reasons for the deterioration of soil fertility of agricultural land in the farms of Azerbaijan. According to the author, the main reason for the deterioration of the soil cover in farms is the large fragmentation of large land masses, after the land reform in the country. To improve the state of the soil cover, the author suggests the consolidation of agricultural land and justifies the need to adopt a law on land consolidation in the country. With the aim of exploring the legal provision of use of agricultural land, the article also analyzed existing land laws of the country, whose main purpose was to create the preconditions for the adoption of the country’s land legal framework on land consolidation in solving the problems of improving soil fertility.

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SOCIAL MEDIA AND SOCIAL NETWORKING SERVICES: TERMINOLOGICAL PROBLEMS AND USER COMMUNICATION MODELS

Posted in 2020, ECONOMICS, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The purpose of this research is to distinguish and specify the notions “social media” and “social networking services”. The article considers the definition of social media as the basic web resource for social networking communication, and it is noted that the social media get formed under the conditions of communication between the phenomenon of social network structures (existing irrespective of the development of information technology) and the services of the new digital interactive media. The author also describes basic social-media user communication models and points out their change towards multitasking and flexibility from the standpoint of companies communicating with their clients.

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ASSESSING THE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF VARIOUS GROUPS IN WATER ENVIRONMENT THROUGH BIOTESTING

Posted in 2020, BIOLOGY, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents experimental data demonstrating the possibility of biotesting method application using the cuttings and seedlings of land plants as test organisms for the indirect assessment of the antibiotics oxytetracycline, tylosin and ceftriaxone resistance in the water environment. In the experiments, we used tap water settled for ten days and chlorinated. For test organisms, we selected cuttings of Canadian waterweed, seeds of red radish having a white tip and of the mung bean (maash), and as the test parameters, we chose the length of the root and the scions and the weight of the cuttings of Canadian waterweed. Antibiotics solution for biotesting were first stored in dark glass bottles for 0.2, 14, 28, 42 days at room temperature, then used for the experiments.

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WAYS TO CREATE A HYDRAULIC WASTE DISPOSAL IN THE MINED-OUT COAL PIT

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article presents an analysis of the conditions of mining light-pitching deposits. Through the comparison of the ways to create hydraulic waste disposal, the authors determined their application domain. A classification of the ways to create hydraulic waste disposal in the mined-out quarry space is proposed. The scheme of alluviating hydraulic waste disposal in the mined-out space is developed. The article presents the technology for creating hydraulic waste disposal using various technological structures: bund walls and relieving walls. The results of the study on the settling of particles in a technological sediment pond are presented.

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ON THE MODERN GEODYNAMIC PROCESSES OF EAST ORENBURG OBLAST

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

The article addresses the issue of dangerous geodynamic processes occurring in the Eastern part of the Orenburg Oblast. The analysis of the geodynamic state of the Orenburg Oblast subsoil was performed. We propose and justify effective monitoring of geodynamic processes in the Eastern part of the Orenburg Oblast through a seismological network. In this area, seismic events with a magnitude of Ml>2.0 and subsidence of the earth’s surface up to 50 cm per year are recorded. Based on long-term monitoring of seismic events in the Eastern part of the Orenburg Oblast, we constructed a graph on the frequency of seismic events, which allowed us to conclude that the reason for increased geodynamic activity in this region is a high man-induced impact on the subsurface. In order to study the abnormally high seismic activity in the Eastern Orenburg Oblast, to identify the causes and sources of risk, and the hazard level, to develop measures of reducing seismicity and enhancing the security of specific social, industrial, and energetics objects, it is necessary to create a seismological network of 3-4 seismic stations in areas of seismic activity in Gaysky and Novooskol areas and near Orsk, and Gai, Iriklinsk GRES (regional power station) and Iriklinsk water-storage reservoir.

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AZERBAIJAN SOIL SUITABILITY CLASSIFICATION AND THE APPLICATION OF THIS DATA FOR LAND CONSOLIDATION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, SCIENCES ABOUT THE EARTH | 0 comments

Recent environmental issues which appeared after the anthropogenic impact and the inefficient use of land resources in our country undoubtedly had adverse effects on the state of the soil cover. Recently, the soil cover of all Azerbaijan biomes has been destabilized by the environmental situation, which in turn leads to severe degradation of the fertile topsoil. Due to the severe soil-cover deterioration, we cannot hope that the fertile topsoil will restore itself. The soil-cover deterioration in the country is directly related to the decrease in land areas suitable for crop growing. As a result of severe soil-cover degradation, it is necessary to withdraw large land areas from agricultural use completely or partially. Due to the existing situation of the soil-cover state in the country, the authors of the article propose to develop a scientifically based state program for the rational use of land resources, to protect and restore the soil fertility and agricultural land to improve the soil conditions and prevent further soil degradation. Taking into account that agricultural grouping of soils is the crucial tool for the successful solution to various issues related to the rational land usage and increasing its productivity, the authors of the article set the goal to study the quality of the country’s soils and carry out the soil suitability classification of forest and agricultural lands. The method of carrying out soil suitability classification includes the conjunctive and differing genetic properties of the soil and the environmental conditions, having a certain impact on soil fertility. The lack of clear criteria for combining soil varieties in the country contributed to the improvised combination of soil varieties in soil classification groups. Since the government of our country has now realized the need to consolidate agricultural lands and is already taking the first steps in this direction, we believe that the use of soil suitability classification data in land consolidation will prove to be a great advantage to the respective specialists carrying out these activities for the scientifically based performance of their work.

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF METHODS FOR CALCULATING SLOPE STABILITY UNDER 3D PROBLEM STATEMENT

Posted in 2020, GEOLOGY AND MINERALOGY, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

3D modelling has ingrained into engineering analysis practice [1, p. 125-129], [2], [3, p. 320]. Thus far there is a large number of methods for 3D estimation of slope stability developed, based on both the numerical simulation and the principle of limit equilibrium [4, p. 94-101], [5, p. 75-81]. The article suggests a comparative analysis of calculation data on slope stability acquired through the limit equilibrium and finite-elements methods under 3D problem statement. As the target of research, we selected a section of the Sakhalin Railway on the section Pugachyovo-Makarov, exposed to the danger of landslide processes activating. Quantitative evaluation of slope stability is conducted through the limit equilibrium and finite-element methods under 3D problem statement. The key findings are as follows: the highest uncertainty of the calculations is linked with determining the configuration of the landslide body on the plan.

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DYNAMICS OF RADIAL GROWTH IN NORWAY SPRUCE COENOPOPULATIONS OF ALEXIS GROVES OF LOSINY OSTROV NATIONAL PARK

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The paper studies the variability of radial growth over five years, as well as the width of the annual ring in the old-age plantation Alekseevskaya grove on the territory of Losiny Ostrov National Park. The main regularities of its short-term and long-term variability of the radial growth, the peculiarities of the influence of meteorological parameters on the amount of growth are established. The performed research confirmed the uniqueness of the Alekseevskaya grove as a plant with a high environmental value. The collapse of a significant part of the plant because of wind is a loss, but it has allowed us to select unique wood samples that are valuable for dendrochronological analysis. Opportunities for their research are currently not fully used.

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DYNAMICS OF FOREST FIRES AND THE SUPPLY OF GROUND-BASED COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS IN THE BURABAY NATIONAL PARK FORESTS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

Over ten years, the authors analyzed the leading indicators of forest fires statistics on the territory of Burabay National Park, as well as the amount of surface fuel in the plantings of the most dangerous on fire forest types. It was determined that during the researched period, the maximum fire danger was noted in 2010 when 79 forest fires were recorded, and their total area was 338.4 hectares. In other years, the fire situation was more capable; however, fires occurred annually. Humans caused the absolute majority of forest fires. Lightning fires amounted to 6.4% of the total. In the aboveground phytomass of very dry pine trees, needles and cones dominate, and in dry pine trees, the “other” fraction, which makes for the decayed forest floor. Therefore, very dry pine forests are characterized by running and dry by independent forest fires. Based on the obtained data, the authors developed proposals on reducing the fire danger.

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COST-BENEFIT OF REINDEER NECROBACILLOSIS PREVENTION MEASURES

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, VETERINARY SCIENCE | 0 comments

Cattle foot ailments inflict great economic damage; it has a negatively effect upon the economics of the animal husbandry, as it happens with many livestock pathologies. The article presents the results of studying the cost-benefit of preventative measures for reindeer necrobacillosis. Using the “Nekovak” vaccine for prevention has a 97% preventative effect on reindeer necrobacillosis and reduces the necrobacillosis incidence rate by 65%. The total cost of preventative measures ran at 94.37 rubles. The cost advantage of “Nekovak” vaccine usage against the reindeer necrobacillosis ran at 1612.73 rubles per animal demonstrating the profit margin of 17.09 rubles per 1 ruble of expenses.

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RESULTS OF THE RESEARCH ON THE DECORATIVE FEATURES OF SOME DAFFODIL VARIETIES DURING THEIR INTRODUCTION IN THE SOUTHERN URALS

Posted in 2020, BIOLOGY, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of the initial introduction study of nine new varieties of the genus Narcissus L. (‘Apricot Whirl’, ‘Candy Princess’, ‘Green Eyes’, ‘Mon Cheri’, ‘Peach Cobbler’, ‘Slim Whitman’, ‘Sunlover’, ‘Sunny Girlfriend’, ‘Sunny Side Up’) based on the South-Ural Botanical Garden-Institute of the Ufa Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences. According to the Cultivated Plant Code, the introduced plants were divided into four groups: Large-cupped, Small-cupped, Double, and Cutleaf Daffodils (Split-crown). It was revealed that during the two years of study, all cultivated varieties got to the flowering period. The authors studied the main biomorphological parameters of the introduced plants (plant height, leaf length and width, flower diameter, length and width of the cup and the perianth lobes). It was determined that most varieties are characterized by two-tone colour and average flower size. Phenological observations were made. It was revealed that spring regrowth in all the studied varieties is observed after snow melting in the second decade of April. According to the flowering time, the cultivated varieties were divided into the early (flowering in the third decade of April) and the early-middle (flowering in the first decade of May). The duration of the flowering phase lasted on average from 6 to 12 days. The decorative qualities of the studied varieties were researched. When garded on a 100-point scale, five cultivated varieties received over 90 points (‘Mon Cheri’, ‘Sunlover’, ‘Candy Princess’, ‘Apricot Whirl’, ‘Sunny Side Up’). They have large and decorative flowers in shape, with a clear, bright colour of the perianth and the cup, high and robust flower-bearing spikes, long-lasting and abundant flowering, and a pleasant aroma. These breeds are the most promising for inclusion in the regional range of the cultivated plants recommended to use for the green construction in the Republic of Bashkortostan.

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EFFECT OF RECULTIVATION ON METAL ACCUMULATION IN ORCHID PLATANTHERA BIFOLIA UNDER ASH DUMP CONDITIONS

Posted in 2020, BIOLOGY, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

The results of studying the metal accumulation in the orchid Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich. in the ash dump (Verkhnetagilskaya Thermal Power Station, Middle Urals) are presented. A comparative analysis of the metal content in the ash substrate and plants from the non-recultivated and recultivated sites of the ash dump was carried out. It is shown that under the influence of recultivation measures the total content of magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, copper and nickel in the substrate was increased. At the same time, the proportion of mobile forms and the metal accumulation by plants in most cases were decreased. It was concluded that partial recultivation of the ash dump by applying clay soil can help to reduce the risks from excess metal input into plants.

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PRODUCING GRAPE SOFTWOOD CUTTING IN INTENSIVE VINEYARDS

Posted in 2020, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 09(99) September 2020 | 0 comments

Organising intensive vineyards is now pretty much obligatory for the successful growth and functioning of the grape-growing industry. Cutting making is one of the methods used to produce planting material. Vines are chosen based on some criteria adding to good germination and rooting. Holding a modern intensive vineyard allows getting ten times more cutting per hectare (up to 40-50 thousand cutting) if compared with cutting harvest of a traditional vineyard [1].

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THE PROBLEM OF SELF-ACTUALIZATION FORMING UNDER TRANSITIVE CONDITIONS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The paper looks into the problem of self-actualization in the context of modern transitivity. The essence and the origin of the given phenomenon are highlighted. The article presents the positive and negative aspects of youth, which determine whether the self-actualization of the adult is constructive or destructive. The article outlines the possible practical solutions to the problem, which can be brought to life through the resources of the professional-educational environment, and which are aimed at coping with the topical problems and challenges of the youth.

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THE MOTHER’S PSYCHOLOGICAL STATE AND ITS IMPACT ON THE CHILD’S CONDITION IN FAMILIES RAISING CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article looks into the special aspects of the emotional state of mothers raising children having infantile cerebral palsy. The study findings suggest that depressive experiences of varying intensity from mild to severe occur among about half of the number of mothers. They develop due to the sense of dependence and lack of social support, which, if available, is a factor preventing the development of depression syndrome. Mother’s emotional state affects the child’s condition, their attitude to the illness and evaluating the prospects. Mother emphasising flaws and difficulties related to the disease leads to child fixating on the flaw, forming a symbiosis with the mother and getting a sense of isolation, while the mother repressing the thoughts about the flaw is combined with a decrease in the child’s fixation on their disease and with a positive evaluating of their prospects.

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GENDER IDENTITY AND THE SUBSTITUTE MOTHER – FOSTER CHILD INTERACTION

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The purpose of the research is to study gender identity in the context of parent-child interaction. Research objectives: to determine the gender-specific character of socially perceptive reflection of images of foster boys and girls in the minds of their substitute mothers, to determine differences in the indicators of parental interaction. Research methods: a theoretical review of scientific literature, empirical methods: “SOCH(I) – the structure of the human image (hierarchic)” (V.L. Sitnikov), “VRR – parent-child interaction” (I.M. Markovskaya). Practical applicability: the results obtained will be useful in the implementation of educational, preventative, diagnostic, and consulting activities of social and psychological service specialists.

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ON THE METHOD OF THE UNCONSCIOUS IN ARTWORK

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers a comprehensive approach to the study of artwork, which takes into account objective factors, such as events in the composer’s life and their impact on the person’s interior life. The unconscious imagery is considered as specific, characteristics of the composer’s style, manifesting over a long period. The authors, basing on the semiotic approach, suggest distinguishing three plans for the analysis of musical texts, in which the methodology of a comprehensive study allows to get data close to the composer’s artistic design. The article presents the results of practice-oriented research, which involved 26 performing musicians of different ages, having different experiences in performing. Results of the research allow concluding that the developed research trend having potential.

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CHARACTERISING THE SUCCESS-ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS PARTICIPATING IN INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The topicality of the researched problem is based upon the interest that causes the phenomenon of success-achievement motivation in psychological science, as well as the social significance of international specialist training programs.

The purpose of the article is to present the findings of the study on success-achievement motivation of students participating in international programs, of the statistical and qualitative analysis of the results obtained.

The leading method of researching the problem is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the empirical study results, which is based on the meaningful paradigm for studying success-achievement motivation, involving the identification of the conglomerate and the interaction of components that determine human behaviour. This allows the identification of trends in the level of success-achievement motivation in the exposure group, as well as the notable characteristics of motivational processes and specific characteristics of the behaviour characteristic of students participating in international programs.

We obtained the evidence that students participating in international programs usually have a high level of success-achievement motivation, and the motive of acquiring knowledge occupies the leading position.

The materials of the article can be used for conducting a competitive selection of students participating in international programs; the article can also be the basis for further research.

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PERFORMANCE CAPABILITIES OF THE PROJECT-BASED LEARNING FOR PREVENTING THE CRISIS OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article considers the issue of the crisis of professional identity in modern society, which is topical for both people already included in the labour activity, and undergraduates just learning the occupational role. So, the article highlights the necessity for timely prevention of the negative consequences of this crisis from the very start of professional training. As one of the directions of preventative work, the author considers the possibilities of using the “project-based learning” technology with students in the study of basic disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle. The article reveals the features of implementing each stage of the technology from the standpoint of developing the professional identity.

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INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT TRAINING AS THE TECHNOLOGY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF PSYCHOEMOTIONAL STATE OF STUDENTS DURING STUDYING

Posted in 2020, Issue № 09(99) September 2020, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article justifies the topicality of creating an interactive psychoemotional atmosphere of higher education establishments’ academic activities. To solve this problem, we suggest an experimentally-grounded method, including the students mastering techniques of regulating their psychoemotional state, developing the ability to address danger situation, ambiguity and fragility in the educational process, developing the ability to manage the psychoemotional state in an interactive educational environment, and developing self-organization competences in simulated and real professional activities. A qualitative analysis of the results through the SAN questionnaire (state of health, activity, and mood), assessing the students’ assignments completed and neutral experts’ opinions demonstrated the high efficiency of the method.

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