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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

2018

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217, 16+

INTEGRATION OF EULER EQUATIONS FOR 2D MOTION OF COMPRESSIBLE MEDIUM FLOW

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHYSICS AND MATHEMATICS | 0 comments

The Euler equations for 2D unsteady motion of compressible medium flow are under consideration. Two components of velocity vector, density and pressure supposed as the main unknowns. We propose the procedure of integration which based on introduction of new variables and general statements of theory of partial differential equations. As the result we obtain ratios for simple algebraic combinations of main unknowns which convenient for solution of fluid mechanics problems and for simulation of real fluid and gaseous flow.

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NOMINATION MECHANISMS IN ARTICLES OF CRIMINAL CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, CRIMINAL CODE OF MONGOLIA AND CODE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEDICATED TO ASSIGNING A PUNISHMENT

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the issues of modifying the form and semantics of nominative units in articles of regulatory acts, as well as the mechanisms of nomination based on the material of articles dedicated to assigning a punishment in the Russian, English and Mongolian languages. The refinement of the significative value due to the introduction of an additional lexical unit, the expansion of the meaning, narrowing of the meaning, metonymy and conversion are the main nomination mechanisms.

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ACTUALIZATION OF MEANINGS OF A POLYSEMANTIC WORD “PEREMENA” (CHANGE, BREAK) IN LINGUISTIC CONSCIOUSNESS OF CIVIL REGISTRY OFFICE EMPLOYEES AND PROGRAMMERS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the study of the hierarchy of meanings of polysemantic words depending on the profession of the speakers in the Russian language. We conducted comparative analysis of the results of a free association experiment with employees of Civil Registry Offices and programmers on the example of the word “peremena” (change, break). The data obtained allow identifying differences in the actualization of the meanings of a polysemantic word demonstrating the influence of the specific features of professional activity on the linguistic consciousness of the speakers.

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MODALITY AS A WAY OF EXPANDING SEMANTIC SPACE (ON THE MATERIAL OF ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES)

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The study of the category of modality becomes very important with the development of cognitive linguistics and belongs to one of its most complex problems.

The relevance of this category is closely related to the relevance of other categories: grammatical, lexical, and contextual.

The modality domain expressing the speaker’s desire is not semantically homogeneous.

The purpose of this article is to compare some ways of conveying the relationship of the subject to action in the English and Russian languages.

The analysis of the semantic structure of some models of modern English and Russian languages, expanding the space of information interaction of communicants, is given.

The relationship of the subject to the action or phenomenon is one of the characteristics of the modal aspect of the sentence.

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PROBLEM OF CORRECTING ERRORS IN ORAL SPEECH OF STUDENTS LEARNING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The following article discusses approaches to correcting errors in the oral speech of students learning English. Along with this, language structures are described, as they are the main sources of errors. Currently, these are often electronic information tools. Arguments in favor of consistent and continuous alignment of the corrected text are given. Means of correction (consideration of a primitive case, change in the temporal structure of the sentence, etc.) should be selected with regard to the nature of errors, motivation of students and teacher’s competencies.

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MEDIAPOETRY AS A SYNTHETIC TYPE OF MODERN POETIC CREATIVITY

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

This article is devoted to media poetry as a synthesis of poetry and various media spaces created with the help of a whole range of multimedia technologies. Great attention is paid to video poetry and sound poetry as the most popular genres of poetic and intermedia types of discourse, as well as an analysis of a number of poetic works. The purpose of the study is to establish the status of the phenomenon of media poetry for the poetic Internet discourse of the XXI century, as well as to identify the linguistic and stylistic means specific of this genre. The author emphasizes the importance of Internet technologies for writing poetic texts, as well as their conversion into a media or sound product, since without taking into account verbal, visual, musical, holographic components, the plot of the work cannot be fully interpreted.

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FUNCTIONING OF SPECIFIC FORMS OF FUTURE VERBAL TENSE IN LITERARY TEXT

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOLOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the system of meanings of verbs of the present and future tenses in texts of the communicative and narrative speech. Linguo-didactic description of verbal meanings (in the form of semantic oppositions) is relevant for the purpose of teaching Russian as a foreign language, as conscious mastering of functional and grammatical categories of time and type requires correlation of the ways of expressing universal meanings in typologically different languages.

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PSYCHOLOGICAL INDICATORS IN STRESS RESISTANCE EVALUATION OF HIGHLY SKILLED BOXERS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the main features of the psychological status of highly skilled boxers. The differences in the levels of situational and personal anxiety, severity of neuroticism, extra- and introversion between boxers of different qualifying groups are revealed. These features of the psychological status of top-class athletes determine their high level of stress resistance, the ability to withstand training and competitive loads and the reliability of performing sports tasks.

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POSSIBILITY OF TRAINING COURSE “BIOLOGY AND CULTURE” IN REALIZATION OF EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the discussion of the results of mastering the interdisciplinary training course “Biology and Culture”, tested in the magistracy in the direction “Biology”. The authors pay attention to the problem of introducing the ideas of interdisciplinarity into the educational process from the standpoint of the concept of sustainable development; analyzes the potential for changes in the content component and educational results in connection with the implementation of education for sustainable development. It is shown that the formation of bioethical competence, including research skills and moral attitude based on the principles of bioethics and ideas of the concept of sustainable development, will contribute to the development of the interdisciplinary course. This course is aimed at mastering metadisciplinary concepts that have not only general scientific, but cultural significance. Analyzed the results of surveys of students of biology at Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny Novgorod for 2014-2017, as well as the products of educational activities of Master’s degree students who have completed the course “Biology and Culture”. Results have been obtained that allow to evaluate the effectiveness of the educational process, as well as the degree of assimilation of metasubject concepts and skills and the formation of bioethical competence in general.

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THEORETICAL BASIS OF TRAINING BACHELORS IN PEDAGOGICS FOR THE FORMATION OF SOCIAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PEDAGOGY | 0 comments

The article discusses the phenomenon of social competence, its main characteristics and components. The stages of preparation of future teachers at the level of the bachelor to the formation of social competence of students are described. It is established that the main condition for the preparation of a future teacher to the formation of social competence among schoolchildren is phasing, including the advancement of students from the stage of basic literacy formation (the stage of knowledge accumulation) to the stage of heuristic literacy formation (application of the received knowledge in their professional practice, creative processing).

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CONNECTION BETWEEN DEPRESSIVE STATE AND PERCEIVED SOCIAL SUPPORT AMONG PEOPLE AGED 40 TO 65 YEARS

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

This survey was conducted in order to show how the perceived social support affected people to decrease the possibility of depressive state which occurs as a result of many factors. The survey included 40 respondents (20 men and 20 women) aged from 40 to 65 (middle aged). Each of them received a questionnaire containing demographic data, SD scale for depression and International Support Evaluation List, a questionnaire for perceived social support. The obtained results showed that there was connection between depressive state and perceived social support on level p˂.01. The results from the tested Hypothesis 2 showed that there were not any statistically significant differences between men and women in experiensing depressive state and their perceived social support.

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READINESS OF CHILDREN WITH ASD TO EDUCATIONAL INCLUSION AS A REQUIREMENT TO OVERCOME THEIR SOCIAL STIGMATIZATION

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PSYCHOLOGY | 0 comments

The article deals with the problems of educational inclusion of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It is shown that social stigmatization of children with autism is associated both with the myths about autism and negative attitudes towards them from peers and adults and with low readiness of children with ASD to some form of inclusive education. The role of complex diagnostics of a child with ASD in the process of determining its readiness for learning in an inclusive education is substantiated. Different inclusion strategies for children with autism are discussed. It is highlighted that these strategies vary considerably, depending on the individual characteristics and the specifics of each child autistic disorder.

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CREATIVE SELF-TRANSFORMATION: PRECONDITIONS, GRADES, CONSEQUENCES

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, PHILOSOPHY | 0 comments

The article analyzes the dynamics of creative self-transformation of a person at different stages of cognitive interaction with the subject of interest. It is shown that within the framework of this process, the initial cognitive attitude changes from the isolating opposition “I/it” through the constructive dialogue “I – You” to the recognizing awareness “It is also me.” The logical-methodological, cognitive, social and cultural, complexity, and body-oriented approaches were used in the analysis. This allows us to consider the topic under study in a comprehensive manner, outlining a fairly wide range of factors that influence the effect of a significant dynamic in increasing the creative potential of an individual. This work shows why the self- and world-view transforms from opposition to constructive dialogue, and after this – to the full involvement of the individual in the process of interaction with the subject of interest, is creatively productive. The logic of what is happening at that crucial moment is revealed, when in the act of creativity, the status of the existing material appears to be new for the first time. Characterization of the interaction space is given when such a transformation becomes actualized from the potentially possible. It is revealed how it becomes possible that those beginnings that, with the dissociating position of the researcher, appear as independent and independently existing, in a transformed space of creative dynamics can evolve as a single, coherent whole, providing a solution to the original problem.

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MAIN ASPECTS OF FOREIGN POLICY AND FOREIGN ECONOMIC STRATEGY OF PRC IN CENTRAL ASIA

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, POLITICAL SCIENCE | 0 comments

The article presents reasons for the intensification of the PRC’s foreign economic and political strategies in Central Asia taking place against the background of diversification of China’s sales markets, the use of the shortest ways of selling Chinese goods to Europe, and the need to have good relations in the region. The implementation of the “One Belt One Way” initiative led to a significant increase in the influence of the PRC in Central Asia, which does not always result in a positive reaction from the authorities of this region. Central Asia is of strategic importance to the PRC as a transport corridor to Europe, a market for raw materials and for the sale of goods.

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REPRESENTATIONS OF STUDENTS OF SENIOR COURSES OF THE IMAGE OF A PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, SOCIOLOGY | 0 comments

Creating a positive image of the university for the main consumers is of great importance in modern realities of the educational services market. The representation of the image of an educational institution allows the university to develop rapidly, attract a large number of applicants, and expands the possibility of entering the university in different regions. Our article focuses on the fact that it is necessary to explore the student’s image, teacher’s image, and quality of education, quality and quantity of information about the university in the information space that comes from the students themselves in order to create the representation of the image of a university.

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DRAGON IMAGES ON ANCIENT CHINESE BRONZE MIRRORS

Posted in 2018, ARTS, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

Ghosts, plants, flowers, birds and fish, plots of fairy tales, religious legends, etc. carved on the backs of ancient Chinese bronze mirrors reflect the wisdom and talents of ancient artisans and the artistic traditions of the Chinese nation. These are magical and delicate patterns which are also a reflection of political, economic and cultural experience of different eras. This article analyzes the development of dragon images which is related to the development of ancient bronze mirrors.

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NORTH CAUCASUS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURY: SEARCHING NEW METHODS AND OLD DECISIONS

Posted in 2018, HISTORY, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

Late XIX – early XX centuries became the period of some of the most significant social transformations for the Russian Empire, which had a decisive impact on the further development of the Russian statehood. The purpose of the study is to consider and summarize the experience of this transformation comprehensively. To achieve this goal, the following tasks are solved: Processes and mechanisms of interaction between central and local government bodies are analyzed; their role in solving social, economic and political problems in the North Caucasus in the beginning of XX centuries are determined; the main directions of administrative and political activity of the central government in the North Caucasus in the late imperial period are shown. The results of the study can serve as the basis for developing practical recommendations to create the most effective federal government strategy in the North Caucasus region.

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ON DRAWBACKS IN THE WORK OF ADMINISTRATIONS OF MUNICIPAL ESTABLISHMENTS THAT PROVOKE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CORRUPTION RISKS (SOURCE: CRIMINAL CASES)

Posted in 2018, Issue №11(77) November 2018, JURISPRUDENCE | 0 comments

In the article, the authors attempted to conduct a study of the corruption risks implementation using a number of court decisions as a source. The focus is on sentences imposed on municipal employees. The conclusion is made about the necessity to improve the prevention of corruption as one of the main factors influencing the prevention of corruption crimes. It is proposed to analyze the materials of criminal cases for the purposes of assessing corruption risks in specific areas of public administration.

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MODERN APPROACHES TO THE ORGANIZATION OF WORK WITH CUSTOMERS IN THE INDUSTRY OF FASHION AND BEAUTY

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

The article discusses the issues of improving the organization of work with customers in small service enterprises in the fashion and beauty industry and namely personalizing services and improving the quality of service based on the current level of information and communication technology development. The results of the research allowed identifying the most accessible forms of working with consumers for their differentiation and feedback based on a step-by-step survey of customers with regard to the theory of generations and establishing online communication on enterprise websites and video blogs. A method of comfortable hairstyle and makeup modeling for a specific customer in 3D format has been developed.

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PROBLEMS OF MEASURING THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE POPULATION OF RURAL TERRITORIES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Posted in 2018, ECONOMICS, Issue №11(77) November 2018 | 0 comments

The article deals with the issues related to the necessity to measure the quality of life of the population in rural areas, to analyze the dynamics of this indicator under current economic conditions. The urgency of systematic measurement of the quality of life of the population is justified as it will contribute to the timely adoption of adequate measures aimed at the stabilization of the socio-economic situation in rural areas.

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