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HISTORY

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

ON THE ISSUE OF FAKE MONEY HISTORY AND FINANCIAL TOOLS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE (1861-1917)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article is dedicated to the study of issues related to the history of banknotes falsification and financial tools in the post-reform Russian Empire. Particular attention is paid to the analysis and systematisation of counterfeit coins production methods, as well as banknotes and stocks. The paper examines the history of the technology development and methods used to recognise fake banknotes. The study also includes poorly researched sources of the Ryazan District Court funds (F. 640) and the Prosecutor of the Ryazan District Court during 1866-1918 (F. 641) of the State Archives of the Ryazan Region (SARR), related to counterfeiting.

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THE ACTIVITIES OF RUSSIAN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE ON CHINESE TERRITORY IN THE LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

This article is based on the archive documents introduced for scientific use for the first time and considers the specific of the organization of intelligence activities of the Russian diplomatic and military departments in the territory of China in the second half of XIX – at the beginning of the 20th centuries. The article reveals the value of confidential correspondence of the Russian diplomats with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Head department of the General Staff in questions of a strategic development of the international relations in the Far East, and also methods and forms of work of the Russian intelligence agencies.

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ECONOMIC ASPECT OF THE LATE INDUSTRIAL MODERNIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF KHAKASSIA)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The effect of the global crisis on the development of the Russian historical science is studied in the article; the priority of economic history at the present stage is substantiated as well. The basic principles of the modernization paradigm are disclosed, showing the possibility of its application in the study of the economic history of Khakassia. The author analyzes the main trends in development of the region during the late industrial modernization, its main features are characterized. The statistical data, reflecting the dynamics of economic development are presented as well.

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NOTES ABOUT THE TRIP OF THE MAIN CHIEF OF STEPPES ROUND SEMIRECHENSKY AND SEMIPALATINSK AREAS IN 1885 AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the retrospective information contained in the archival case № 130 fund № 64 of the Central State archive of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The case contains the information about the trip of the Main Chief of Steppes around Semirechensky and Semipalatinsk areas in 1885. The article adduces the peculiarities of the official registration of papers in the given case where there are the quantitative data about economic and social status of the region, the national structure of the population, and also there are data on the remarks of the Main Chief of Steppes and his encouragement of workers for the excellent implementation of their duties.

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INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION FACTORS IN THE TATAR AUTONOMOUS SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The purpose of this research is to give an overview of the industrial pollution factors that had a negative impact on the environment of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic during the Great Patriotic war. These factors include industrial waste products and waste gas. The objective of this research is to determine the danger level of aforementioned factors on the environment and single out the damaged elements. Practical importance of the research lies in the possibility of incorporating its results in the ecology and Russian history studies.

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THE SOCIO-ETHNOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE COSSACKS OF UKRAINE IN THE PARADIGM OF ITS HISTORY: THE STATE-LEGAL ASPECT

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article aims to study social-ethnographic characteristics of the groups of Cossacks to clarify the role and place of these groups in the state-forming structure of the society. This issue is debatable as it has been long highly ideologized and politicized with social strata and elites. The author of the article seeks to move away from the prevailing clichés and stereotypes and look at the situation with the use of new sources and new methodological approaches. As a methodological basis, the principles of analysis and synthesis, historicism, historical discourse and critical attitude to the sources are applied.

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STANDARDS OF SWIFT: HISTORY AND PERSPECTIVES

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article researches the history of the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications. It analyzes the key events that have helped SWIFT to become one of the important links at the global financial market. The author shows the chronological table with the results achieved during the period of functioning SWIFT. The author has analyzed advantages and disadvantages of the community with specific examples, presenting promising directions of development of SWIFT with the notes. The relevant projects for the development are presented, which strengthens the position of SWIFT on the world stage.

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HISTORY OF MUSLIMS IN GERMANY: FROM THE APPEARANCE TO OUR TIME

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

This article deals with the history of Muslims in Germany, from the moment of their appearance in the guard of Friedrich Wilhelm I to the present day. This issue is now becoming ever more relevant while the migration crisis is sweeping European countries. The article presents the latest statistics on the number and ethnic composition of Muslims in Germany. The author introduces the major Muslim organizations in the country and talks about the attempts of the German authorities to incorporate Muslims into German society.

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PROBLEMS OF TRANSFORMATION OF TRADITIONAL CULTURE THE OSSETIAN IN THE NATIONAL

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Problems of national (traditional) culture’s formation of ancestors the Ossetia before accession to Russia, and its transformation in national culture after entry into structure of the Russian state are considered in the article. Specifics and typicalness of the national culture’s development of one of the Northern Caucasian peoples of Russia are investigated on the example of Ossetia. In the XIX century in the Russian welfare space the culture, multinational on contents, which has become a basis of development of a new, Russian stage of development of the Eurasians civilization develops. The national culture of the ossetians became one of ethnic components of the Russian culture and the Eurasians civilization.

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THE ACTIVITIES OF SECRET MILITARY COMMISSIONS IN POLAND AND GERMANY (1934 – 1935)

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

This article discusses the activities of secret military commissions in Poland and Germany during 1934 – spring 1935. This activity was a part of secret Polish-German military and political co-operation, which is carried out during this period. The main objective was a joint Polish-German-Japanese aggression against the USSR up to 1935. Polish commission was headed by General K. Fabrizi and German’s one – by General V. Reichenau. The source is the Soviet intelligence reports of a “personal archive I.V. Stalin”

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TRANSFORMATION OF A YAKUT OUTBUILDING “СЭРГЭ” (SERGE)

Posted in 2017, HISTORY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article is devoted to the problems of transformation of the traditional material culture of the Yakuts, in particular – “сэргэ” (serge.) The paper considers traditional and modern Yakut outbuildings called “сэргэ” (serge), their classification, as well as their artistic decoration. It presents two theories explaining the origin of “сэргэ” (serge), reasons for their sacralization, types of “сэргэ” (serge) used by the Yakuts in their everyday life and new types of the installed “сэргэ” (serge.) The article offers the analysis of the factors that influenced the transformation of the Yakut outbuildings called “сэргэ” (serge), which occupy an important place in the life of the Yakut people.

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IMPERIAL AGRICULTURAL MUSEUM: HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE AND A NEW CONCEPT OF ITS REVIVAL

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

One of the most important economic problems at the moment is the rise of agriculture, especially important in connection with the problem of import substitution. Agricultural museum was an important link in the emerging agricultural sector of economy of imperial Russia. Historical experience may be useful. The article describes the background, the history of creation and development of the museum. Its main idea is to pose the problem of reconstruction of the Agricultural Museum. In this context, a concept of modern agricultural museum, the need for which has ripened today.

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A.N. BALAKSHIN’S CONTRIBUTION TO AGRARIAN DEVELOPMENT OF SIBERIA

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

In this article A. N. Balakshin’s activity as one of prominent heads of the Siberian cooperative movement is stated. The Organization for the structure of cooperative butter partnerships founded by it in Siberia, promoted wide circulation of cooperation and giving of lawful forms of development to it. It promoted butter manufacture development commercially. Elimination of mediation in trade in oil, and also export it on the foreign markets was the main task of the cooperative association «Union of the Siberian Butter Artels».

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KALMYK PATRIARCHAL FAMILY AND CRISIS OF NOMADIC CATTLE BREEDING IN THE 19TH CENTURY

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Existence of a кalmyk patriarchal family in the 19th century is rather unexplored topic. For a long time in the historical literature it was thought that the dominant form of family in the Kalmyk society in the 19th century was a monogamous family. This study allows specify the time of existence of large patriarchal family among the Kalmyks in the XIX century. It was established that the main reasons for the disappearance of a patriarchal family of Kalmyks began to reform in 1892, which led to a change in the traditional economic lifestyle —the transition to a semi-settled lifestyle. As a result, the head of patriarchal families began to separate families of adult male members for obtaining an additional share of the community grassland, which together with the above led to the segmentation of patriarchal family in the late 19th century.

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THE SMALL CREDIT IN THE VYATKA PROVINCE IN THE XVIII – EARLY XIX CENTURY

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

The article observes the folding of a network of commercial banks in the Vyatka province in the second half of XIX – early XX centuries as a part of a financial system of the Russian Empire. Along with the branches of banks there were banking agents, which had limited powers. On example of the largest among the private banks of the Vyatka land – the Volga-Kama commercial bank – the structure and functioning of a typical provincial branch of the metropolitan bank are investigated. The conclusion is made about the preconditions for the stable development of the credit system inherent in the post-reform economy of the province.

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KHAKASSIA IN THE ORBIT OF THE MISSIONARY ACTIVITIES OF THE ALTAI ORTHODOX MISSION

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

The subject of the research is the determination of the influence of the Altai Orthodox mission on the missionary activity in the Khakas-Minusinsk region in the second half of the nineteenth century. Based on the analysis of priests’ reports of missionary parishes, notes of a missionary V. Verbitsky and other archival documents, the means and forms of the influence of the mission and Christianization of Khakas people, also indigenous ethnos of the South of the Enisey region were characterized. Thus, some features, organizational structures, forms, methods and factors of missionary activities in the region were identified.

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RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF THE FOUNDER OF THE INGUSH ALPHABET Z. MALSAGOV

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

The article deals with scientific and educational activities of well-known Ingush scholar of the early XX century. Great attention is paid to scientific, pedagogical and creative activities of Z. Malsagov. The article analyzes his progressive views on the problems of education, science, literacy among the Ingush. It also reveals the successes of scientific expeditions in the mountains of Ingushetia in which Z. K. Malsagov took an active part. The study says about his contribution to the process of formation and further development of theatrical art in Ingushetia.

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GENERAL M. I. IVANIN ABOUT THE URAL COSSACKS, THE PARTICIPANTS IN THE KHIVA CAMPAIGN OF 1839-1840 YEARS

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

General Mikhail Ignatievich Ivaniv wrote a book about the campaign against the khanate of Khiva the Russian squad led the Orenburg military Governor V. A. General Perovski (late 1839 – early 1840). The book was published after more than thirty years after this campaign, in which the author was personally involved, as a Colonel of the Russian General staff. Referring to personal stuff, memoirs and other documents, Ignatiev, step by step, detail reproduced promotion of the Russian detachment to the borders of the khanate of Khiva in the winter of 1839-1840 years, severe even for the South of the Kazakh steppe. Particular research interest are the characteristics of the various units of the detachment of V. A. Perovsky, who took part in the campaign. Among the participants were various military units “a Separate Orenburg corps”, but that Ural Cossacks deserve special attention Ivanin, is deservedly recognized for their best part of the whole expeditionary force. Today, when the problem of interethnic relations is often associated with the historical aspects, when the topic of shaping the territory and borders of the former Russian Empire are often used for speculative political purposes, it is very important to be impartial and objective perspective on such problems.

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TO A QUESTION ABOUT POLISH-JAPANESE MILITARY AGREEMENT 1931

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

The article deals with the question of the Polish-Japanese military agreement of 1931, which has not yet been decided to mention in the Polish historiography. The agreement was part of a secret Polish-Japanese military and political cooperation, carried out during 1931 -. 1935, the main aim of which was a joint Polish-German-Japanese aggression against the USSR up to 1935. In this article, the Polish-Japanese military cooperation agreement. It has four references. The source is a Soviet intelligence reports of “personal archive IV Stalin ”

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THE SMALL CREDIT IN THE VYATKA PROVINCE IN THE XVIII – EARLY XIX CENTURY

Posted in 2016, HISTORY, Issue November 2016 | 0 comments

The article observes the features of the usurious capital in the Vyatka province in the XVIII and early XIX century, as an important factor in the formation of a capitalist credit system in the region. The manifestations of usury among the citizens and the peasants are demonstrated. There consequences of the domination of usury for the development of entrepreneurial initiatives and the welfare of the peasantry are observed. It is concluded that the prevalence of the usurious capital in the Vyatka province until the beginning of the XIX century has hampered the development of urban entrepreneurship and economically suppressed the peasant population. Hence it made necessary the development of organized credit.

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