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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

LANDSCAPE-ECOLOGICAL ZONING OF MORDOVIA

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the actual problem of solving the task of rational use of soil and land resources. The principles of solving the following problems with the use of a regional GIS are described in details: the creation of a cartographic basis and databases of regional GIS, synthetic landscape mapping based on the interpretation of multi-zonal space images, identification and typological classification of agrogeosystems, landscape-ecological zoning of agricultural lands, development of a system of nature protection measures.

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DYNAMICS OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC POTENTIAL AND THE CENTERS OF SETTLEMENT IN THE EASTERN SIBERIA REGIONS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper considers processes in the settlement system of Eastern Siberia at the intra-regional level. The unevenness in the dynamics of the demographic potential, the settlement processes and the development of the territory along the “center-periphery” line is shown based on the statistical material developed by state statistics bodies in the context of municipalities and analysis of results. There is a concentration of population in favor of the center, which reduces the development potential of other districts and cities far from the administrative center of the region.

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SYNTHETIC LANDSCAPE MAPPING IN THE REGIONAL GIS

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper proposes an approach to the development of regional GIS, a central element of which is an electronic landscape map. The role of remote sensing data analysis using automated classification techniques is underlined. The following developed landscape indicators methodologies are mentioned: an analysis of the invariant and dynamic parameters of the neighborhood, the study of morphometric parameters, as the most important invariant characteristics of the territory, edge detection of geophysical areas, evaluation of geophysical diversity of the territory by the entropy and the characteristics of the brightness changes calculation, the classification of geophysical shell using neighborhood parameters. Features of ensemble systems usage for monitoring the condition of land and predicting natural natural hazards are described in details.

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GEOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRANSFORMATION OF SOILS IN TIME

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Geochemical features of chronological series of forest-steppe soils in the conditions of their natural reproduction under the influence of the zonal vegetation types were investigated. A new way of integrated assessment of the biogeochemical transformation of a number of black earth soil in time for the most informative list of macronutrients and trace elements that are accumulated or taken out of the soil solutions of humus horizons has been proposed in the article. Priority list of five trace elements that may be included in the monitored parameters in the system soil-ecological monitoring of agricultural land was presented. It is shown that on agricultural land requires periodic diagnosis of trace elements deficiency and its correction with micronutrients that can compensate for the loss of the fastest spent trace elements.

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CHANGES THE MODE SURFACE RUNOFF IN THE WESTERN PREDKAMYA OF THE TATARSTAN REPUBLIC

Posted in 2017, GEOGRAPHY, Issue № 1(55) January 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the results of a scientific research in the river basins of the West Predkamja of Tatarstan Republic. In a study conducted an analysis of physical and geographical conditions of the area. It was determined that there is an active transformation of the hydrographic network, an increase in water content and the proportion of underground water. It has been confirmed that the geomorphologic land base is a leading factor in the formation, movement and unloading processes of intensification of underground and surface water. But and the human activity is no less important. So the creation of Europe’s largest reservoir has caused the restructuring of geomorphologic layer of the earth and led to a change in underground water levels within the new huge pool Kuibyshev reservoir. At first, it changes the structure of the rivers flowing into the reservoir. The style of development of the territorial space also plays a major role in the changes of the stream flow formation. City apartments and settlements increase in size. In the town planning prevalent targeted approach to the design populated areas, where the natural landscape is seen as a resource for urban development. The agriculture is another important aspect of the territorial transformation. In the future, research will concern the issues of quantitative increase in water intake from underground sources in densely populated areas of the territory of the Tatarstan Republic, which presumably have a significant impact on the process of runoff reforming.

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SIMILARITY OF THE RESOURCE CYCLES OF THE KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT AND WESTERN SIBERIA REGIONS

Posted in 2016, GEOGRAPHY, Issue December 2016 | 0 comments

Given the application of the theory of resource cycles, developed by I. V. Komar (1975), for the territory of Western Siberia. Using statistical methods, we study the similarities and differences of the structure of aggregate resource cycles Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district – Yugra and other regions of Western Siberia. Established that the greatest similarity of the structure of this region from Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district, the smallest – with the Omsk region. The results showed that the proposed technique is quite efficient.

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