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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

ON UNDERSTANDING OF SUSTAINABILITY IN ARCHITECTURE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The authors proposed to consider and disclose the concept of sustainability in architecture in this paper. The concept of sustainability in architectural and artistic context was synthesized using the method of intensions and extensions. The statements of representatives of the architectural community, devoted to the problems of sustainable urban development were analyzed as well. The preservation of historical and cultural heritage and the individuation of the new architecture by changing professional paradigm are considered to be key aspects on the way to sustainability in architecture.

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ABSTRACT THINKING AS THE BASIS OF THE CREATIVE PROCESS IN ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article considers the role of abstract thinking in organize the creative process of design activity in architecture and design. Using a transcendental method, the abstract basis of creative process was established. Synthetic character of composition, as a science, is shown at all design stages of an architectural object and is connected with the universal principles of reason. Thus, differences between abstract composition, formal composition and associative composition in design activity are defined by the inextricable connection between perception and existence.

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THE HISTORICAL ASPECT OF FORMATION OF THE ARTS CENTERS

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article is about of the art centers formation in historical aspect in the XX century. Considers the historical experience of culture and art buildings designing in the United States (40-50 years), Europe (60-90 years), Russia (early-late XX century). As historical prototypes of contemporary arts centers revealed: house of culture, national arts centers, cultural centers and palaces of culture, palaces of pioneers and children’s creativity. Each of them is allocated a distinctive set of functions: leisure, entertainment, educational, sport. Revealed that the modern arts centers has absorbed most of the historically formed features and are today one of the developed types of multifunctional architecture.

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CITY PLANNING COUTERMEASURES FOR NEGATIVE IMPACT ON LIVING ENVIRONMENT FROM TRAFFIC

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the environmental problems arising in urban environments from steeply growing number of motor vehicles.

It highlights the dependency of the changes in the rate and pattern of environmentally induced morbidity on the air pollution with motor vehicle exhaust. A rationale is established for optimum development practices to avoid dangerous air pollution.

Positive effect on air quality from belt roads, bypass roads and pedestrian areas made in city centers is noted.

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MUTUAL RELATION OF MANKIND WITH ARCHITECTURAL SPACE

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The person exists, lives and operates in the spatial environment. Having been born in natural space, the mankind during known historical time of the existence for the ground created new, artificial, vital space. This space refers to as architectural space. The architecture is an original certificate of development of a human civilization. In monuments of architecture the projection of a stream of time in space of the Earth is ciphered. In the certain stages of architectural evolution representations of the person about themselves changed and the world, creative abilities became more active.

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THE EASTERN VECTOR OF DEVELOPMENT IN THE RESETTLEMENT OF THE SOUTH PART OF THE FAR EAST

Posted in 2017, ARCHITECTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The article deals with the modern period of development of the south part of the Russian Far East (FER) and the Northeast China (NEC) characterized by specific features. First of all, the period provided a solid foundation for building new resettlement systems that would have international status later. Due to a geopolitical position of the ranges the resettlement systems were actively involved in to the international economic processes, while the main vector of China priority development was directed to the border zone.

Modern trends of development of border settlements systems are identified in order to further develop principles of spatial organization of city-forming frame. Construction of cities in the border zone of China defines a new framework of settlement and its structural elements. City-forming processes will have a socio-economic, demographic, cultural and social impact on the development not only of the Russian border areas, but also of the whole south of the Far East.

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