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Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

INCREASING BIOPOWER OF RUSSIAN SOILS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The author has estimated the safety of technogenic soils in the Tver region as a part of biomonitoring with the help of biotesting method. A model of soil reclamation is proposed as well, it is based on bioconversion methods of man-made wastes, humification of soils, and biotesting; the biotesting method includes the most stable tests of plants. Effective humified products are used to increase the organic matter content of soils and the productivity of energy plants and to reduce the material and energy costs for soil reclamation.

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PRODUCTION TESTING OF BIOREMEDIATION METHOD OF SEWAGE SLUGE, BASED ON CREATING “BIOPLATO” IN A HIGH RISK OF ACTIVE AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN SULFIDE EMISSION IN ATMOSPHERIC

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

For the purpose of decrease in emission of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide from the dewatered sewage sludge (SS) on interdistrict Treatment Facilities of Shchelkovo, Moscow region, a method of creating “bioplato” was implemented based on the use of microbiological preparation “Tamir” and the plants under production conditions. Biological preparation was applied into sludge lagoons according to the scheme of the experiment. As the result the concentrations of strongly smelling gases in the air of the work zone and in the atmosphere of residential area have been lowered to levels under the maximum permissible concentration (MPC). Settling of microorganisms of biopreparation in sewage sludge prepared it as a substrate for the dissemination of cultural and wild plants on the surface of the SS storage lagoons, as well as created an environment for the development of beneficial microorganisms in the rhizosphere of plants.
Decreasing in emission of unpleasant odors and creation of vegetation cover on the surface of the SS storage lagoons contributed to the improvement of the environment in the territory of treatment facilities as well as the working conditions.

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PRODUCTIVE AND TECHNOLOGICAL QUALITY SIMMENTAL COWS OF DIFFERENT BREEDING LINES

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Assessed the cows of different genotypes and lines on milk productivity of cows by a lactation. Assessed technological properties of the udder, the characteristic red-motley Holstein bulls most ubiquitous R.Sovering and M. Chifteyn lines. In the studied herd they occupied respectively 67.4% and 30.1%, it was purebred red-motley Holstein sires. Increase of milk yield in the third lactation, in comparison with the first lactation, genotype lines R.Sovering and generally along the line from 398 kg to 646 kg. Milk productivity increase was observed at animal lines M.Chifteyn from 68 kg to 793 kg. The milk yield of cows lines R.Sovering for third lactation is – 3618 kg. The quality of the udder, compared animals line and genotypes don’t have significant differences. Among cows line Reflection Sovering genotype 1 / 2KPG + 1 / 2C by 11.8% more animals with the desired – bowl shape udder form than similar Montvick Chifteyn line.

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TECHNIQUES OF INCREASING CARROT PRODUCTIVITY

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

On the meadow-chestnut medium loamy soils of the plains-term areas of Dagestan studied the effect of the timing and density of crop varieties of table carrot Shantanu 2461 on the features of the passage of the phases of vegetation photosynthetic activity indicators, water consumption and irrigation culture regime under drip irrigation. It was found that the maximum yield of 42,2 t/ha of root crops is achieved when sown in the 2nd decade of March and density of 0.8 million/ha, ensuring maximum energy efficiency ratio – 6,14, and the level of profitability of production costs 73,5%.

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A TECHNOLOGY OF RATIONAL BEET PULP USAGE

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The analysis of irrational usage of sugar beet byproducts has been performed. Traditional technologies of beet pulp drying have a number of shortcomings, mainly significant energy costs. An alternative technology is based on using of forced ventilation of beet pulp with cold air. The advantages or the alternative technology are high productivity, economical efficiency and ecological cleanliness. The product is not polluted by fume gas. The method eliminates negative processes such as pulp water disposal into the environment, littering fields with sugar beet byproducts, disturbance of phytosanitary and sanitary and epidemiological condition of fields. Release of combustion gases into the atmosphere is reduced.

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THE IMPACT OF NEW ORGANIC –MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON CROP YIELDS AND SOIL FERTILITY OF PEATLANDS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Non-systematic application of organic fertilizers causes the loss of humus in soils of agricultural lands of Russia, which leads to the development of the degradation processes resulting in the significant reduction of humus in the soil. The proposed a new non-traditional organic -mineral fertilizer on the base of sapropel , having a prolonged action, provides replenishment of organic carbon in soil, increases productivity of crops and improves the quality of yield. Laboratory experiments as well as studies in the Ryazan region, having been carried out since 2003 in the peatlands under cultivation of perennial grasses, barley, canola, oats show agronomic and ameliorative effect of organic-mineral fertilizers based on sapropel resulted in yield increase: perennial grasses – by 50-100 %, barley – by 59 %, rapeseed – by 53%, oats – by 27% as well as product quality improvement. The above proved the improvement of agrochemical properties of the soil, soil energy resource replenish due to the organic carbon storage, which promotes sustainability and further humus formation.

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