Pages Navigation Menu
Submit scientific paper, scientific publications, International Research Journal | Meždunarodnyj naučno-issledovatel’skij žurnal

AGRICULTURE

ISSN 2227-6017 (ONLINE), ISSN 2303-9868 (PRINT), DOI: 10.18454/IRJ.2227-6017
ПИ № ФС 77 - 51217

INFLUENCE OF ENZYME PREPARATIONS ON THE QUALITY OF BROILER MEAT

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the results obtained in the study of the effect of enzyme preparations Sanzheim and Sunfise 5000 on the qualitative parameters of broiler chickens. The analysis of the chemical composition of the pectoral and leg muscles of experimental broilers was carried out. It was confirmed that as a result of the use of enzyme preparations, the content of dry matter and protein in meat of broilers of the 1st and 3rd test groups significantly increased. The improvement of the biological fullness of the broilers’ pectoral muscles of experimental groups was found. The tasting showed the positive effect of enzymatic preparations Sanzheim and Sunfise 5000 on the taste of meat and broth of poultry of experimental groups.

Read More

EFFICIENCY OF INSTRUMENTAL INSEMINATION USE OF BEE QUEENS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article describes the technique of breeding work at an apiary, and namely valuation of bee colonies, selection of male-bees and queens. The process of sperm extraction from male-bees and artificial insemination of bee queens is presented in the paper. Organizational and economic characteristics of the enterprise are provided. The effectiveness of the method of instrumental insemination is proved by calculating the costs of the method and the profit obtained from its use. We indicated an increase in the productivity of bee colonies. The results of the study of instrumental insemination of queens have shown that it is a very effective method of breeding bees.

Read More

CONTENT OF POTASSIUM IN SOIL WITH THE USE OF RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

It is customary to judge the fertility of soils, the integral index of which is the yield of top, both in natural biocenose and in agrocenose, based on the hydro-physical and agrochemical properties. Agrochemical parameters of effective fertility are mobile forms of mineral nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The content of potassium in soil depends on the soil-climatic conditions to a larger extent. The article discusses the effect of the soil treatment system in grain steaming rotation on the content of potassium in soil on the precursors of pure and sideral steam. The research was carried out at Kemerovo Research Institute, a branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Close relationship between the K2O content and moisture content in July and August (at hydrothermal index above 1), r=0.5200-0.8387 was established. When there is a lack of moisture, this relationship is reduced or absent. During two crop rotations irrespective of the soil treatment system, the content of mobile potassium is higher for the precursor than the sowing steam (clover) – 100-108 mg/kg soil; the combined minimal and minimum tillage systems have the advantage. The share of the predecessor’s influence on the content of mobile potassium in soil comprised 13.2%, the soil treatment system – 4.0%, crop rotation – 49.1%, relation between crop rotation and predecessor – 17.9%.

Read More

PHYSICAL, HYDROPHYSICAL, PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF LEACHED CHERNOZEM

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The physical, hydrophysical, psysical and chemical properties of leached chernozem, used in 11-field grain-grass-tilled crop rotation, are considered in the paper.It is found that in order to form the highly productive biocenosis, the soil has favorable physical (bulk density – 1.30 g/cm3, solid phase density – 2.67 g/cm3, total porosity – 51.9%, aeration porosity – 27.8%) and hydrophysical (total moisture capacity – 34.0%, lowest moisture capacity – 29.8%, maximum hygroscopicity – 9.49%, wilting moisture – 14.2%, active moisture range 15.6%) properties. The soil has good reserves of humus in the depth of A + B, equal to 468.2 tonnes/hectare, as well as a large amount of absorbed bases in the horizon Acult – 42.8 mg-eq/100 g, with predominance in the soil-absorbing complex of the Ca2+ cation, high magnetization of top soil χ=1,045×10-3 units. SI and is well provided with oxides of silicon, aluminum and iron.

Read More

OBTAINING PECTIN FROM BEET PULP

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The paper contains the results of pectin extraction from beet pulp – the waste of sugar production. The conditions of performing extraction are optimized in order to obtain greater yield of pectin. We have developed the block diagram of obtaining pectin from beet pulp with a pectin yield of 21…29%. Obtaining pectin will allow refusing from import of this product from abroad, as well as reducing negative impact of sugar plants on the environment. The article offers an environmentally safe scheme.

Read More

ROLE OF FIRES IN RENEWAL OF SUBORDINATE SCOTCH PINE

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The results of Scotch pine natural regeneration study at fire-sites in sub taiga of the northwestern part of the Eastern Sayan are presented in the paper. It was found that the strongest fire exposure have a positive effect on forest formation of mixed herbs forests. Strong fire creates favorable conditions for the settlement of a new generation of forest species. Post-fire regeneration illustrates high potential of burnt ecotope regeneration. Strong fires mineralize soil organics and eliminate competitive environment of the indigenous ecotope giving positive dynamics to the succession process – the area is overgrown by willow-herb burns. Seedling growth of 4-5 years of age is characterized by high density, uniform distribution in the area and has good biometric indicators. The findings suggest favorable development of the initial research phase in forest formation in the examined burnt environment. The materials of field studies will help to determine measures necessary to promote natural regeneration of areas with dead planting in order to restore their biota.

Read More

GROWTH OF SIBERIAN STONE PINE WITH INTER PLANTING IN THE SOUTH OF THE KRASNOYARSK TERRITORY

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

We have analysed growth dynamics of the Siberian stone pine of different geographic origins in the Training and Experimental Forestry Facility of SibSAU under the planting scheme of 2×1 m. The variability of the growth rates of the offspring of 11 populations aged 28 – 47 is determined. At the age of 47, the trees had an average height of 12.8 -18.5 m with a trunk diameter ranging from 8.3 to 16.8 cm, depending on geographic origin. High level of variation in the height and diameter of the tree trunk was observed in some variants (> 40%). The largest diameter of the trunk is that of the trees of Chita, Shumikhinsky, and Altaic (Kurly) origin. The intensity of plant growth at the age of 28 – 47 is significantly influenced by the geographical origin with the establishment of a change in ranks due to high competition of trees under the conditions of high planting density.

Read More

EFFECT OF EXOGENOUS AMINO ACIDS ON FROST RESISTANCE AND DROUGHT TOLERANCE OF CEREAL CROPS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents the research results of the influencing of exogenous amino acids, primarily proline on the plant resistance of winter barley to freezing temperatures (in a controlled climate). Results of the experiments showed that the pure amino acid proline, provide a low positive effect on plant resistance to low temperatures, from 0 to 40% depending on the trial options. At the same time application of the amino acid proline in combination with other amino acids which plays an important role in the formation of plant tolerance to low temperatures has increase the effectiveness until 76% . It was also discovered that genetically cold tolerance makes an effects on the affectivity of exogenous amino acids to protect plants from damage by low temperatures. That is probably due to missing of physiological and biochemical processes reducing plant damages by low temperatures in this varieties. Also revealed that the efficiency of application of the amino acid complex decreased slightly at extremely low temperatures (76% versus 43%) at the same time sting high effective in all the experiments.

Read More

EVALUATION OF STATE SUPPORT EFFICIENCY OF A DOMESTIC AGRICULTURAL MANUFACTURER

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

As of today, agriculture is the most important sphere of the Russian economy development, which is an equivalent to the country’s food security – a priority for any state. This issue has become particularly relevant with the emergence of global threats to agricultural producers. In this connection, the basis for solving this problem is state support in the creation of competitive domestic agricultural products and an effective policy of import substitution.

Read More

INCREASING BIOPOWER OF RUSSIAN SOILS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 4(58) April 2017 | 0 comments

The author has estimated the safety of technogenic soils in the Tver region as a part of biomonitoring with the help of biotesting method. A model of soil reclamation is proposed as well, it is based on bioconversion methods of man-made wastes, humification of soils, and biotesting; the biotesting method includes the most stable tests of plants. Effective humified products are used to increase the organic matter content of soils and the productivity of energy plants and to reduce the material and energy costs for soil reclamation.

Read More

PRODUCTION TESTING OF BIOREMEDIATION METHOD OF SEWAGE SLUGE, BASED ON CREATING “BIOPLATO” IN A HIGH RISK OF ACTIVE AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN SULFIDE EMISSION IN ATMOSPHERIC

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

For the purpose of decrease in emission of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide from the dewatered sewage sludge (SS) on interdistrict Treatment Facilities of Shchelkovo, Moscow region, a method of creating “bioplato” was implemented based on the use of microbiological preparation “Tamir” and the plants under production conditions. Biological preparation was applied into sludge lagoons according to the scheme of the experiment. As the result the concentrations of strongly smelling gases in the air of the work zone and in the atmosphere of residential area have been lowered to levels under the maximum permissible concentration (MPC). Settling of microorganisms of biopreparation in sewage sludge prepared it as a substrate for the dissemination of cultural and wild plants on the surface of the SS storage lagoons, as well as created an environment for the development of beneficial microorganisms in the rhizosphere of plants.
Decreasing in emission of unpleasant odors and creation of vegetation cover on the surface of the SS storage lagoons contributed to the improvement of the environment in the territory of treatment facilities as well as the working conditions.

Read More

PRODUCTIVE AND TECHNOLOGICAL QUALITY SIMMENTAL COWS OF DIFFERENT BREEDING LINES

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Assessed the cows of different genotypes and lines on milk productivity of cows by a lactation. Assessed technological properties of the udder, the characteristic red-motley Holstein bulls most ubiquitous R.Sovering and M. Chifteyn lines. In the studied herd they occupied respectively 67.4% and 30.1%, it was purebred red-motley Holstein sires. Increase of milk yield in the third lactation, in comparison with the first lactation, genotype lines R.Sovering and generally along the line from 398 kg to 646 kg. Milk productivity increase was observed at animal lines M.Chifteyn from 68 kg to 793 kg. The milk yield of cows lines R.Sovering for third lactation is – 3618 kg. The quality of the udder, compared animals line and genotypes don’t have significant differences. Among cows line Reflection Sovering genotype 1 / 2KPG + 1 / 2C by 11.8% more animals with the desired – bowl shape udder form than similar Montvick Chifteyn line.

Read More

TECHNIQUES OF INCREASING CARROT PRODUCTIVITY

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

On the meadow-chestnut medium loamy soils of the plains-term areas of Dagestan studied the effect of the timing and density of crop varieties of table carrot Shantanu 2461 on the features of the passage of the phases of vegetation photosynthetic activity indicators, water consumption and irrigation culture regime under drip irrigation. It was found that the maximum yield of 42,2 t/ha of root crops is achieved when sown in the 2nd decade of March and density of 0.8 million/ha, ensuring maximum energy efficiency ratio – 6,14, and the level of profitability of production costs 73,5%.

Read More

A TECHNOLOGY OF RATIONAL BEET PULP USAGE

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The analysis of irrational usage of sugar beet byproducts has been performed. Traditional technologies of beet pulp drying have a number of shortcomings, mainly significant energy costs. An alternative technology is based on using of forced ventilation of beet pulp with cold air. The advantages or the alternative technology are high productivity, economical efficiency and ecological cleanliness. The product is not polluted by fume gas. The method eliminates negative processes such as pulp water disposal into the environment, littering fields with sugar beet byproducts, disturbance of phytosanitary and sanitary and epidemiological condition of fields. Release of combustion gases into the atmosphere is reduced.

Read More

THE IMPACT OF NEW ORGANIC –MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON CROP YIELDS AND SOIL FERTILITY OF PEATLANDS

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

Non-systematic application of organic fertilizers causes the loss of humus in soils of agricultural lands of Russia, which leads to the development of the degradation processes resulting in the significant reduction of humus in the soil. The proposed a new non-traditional organic -mineral fertilizer on the base of sapropel , having a prolonged action, provides replenishment of organic carbon in soil, increases productivity of crops and improves the quality of yield. Laboratory experiments as well as studies in the Ryazan region, having been carried out since 2003 in the peatlands under cultivation of perennial grasses, barley, canola, oats show agronomic and ameliorative effect of organic-mineral fertilizers based on sapropel resulted in yield increase: perennial grasses – by 50-100 %, barley – by 59 %, rapeseed – by 53%, oats – by 27% as well as product quality improvement. The above proved the improvement of agrochemical properties of the soil, soil energy resource replenish due to the organic carbon storage, which promotes sustainability and further humus formation.

Read More

DEPENDENCE OF DRAINAGE PIPE CLEANING QUALITY ON THE PARAMETERS OF DRAINAGE WASHING DEVICE

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 3(57) March 2017 | 0 comments

The paper presents the calculations for justification of the amount of jet forming nozzles. The dependence of the filing rate of drainage watering device from the water flow rate in jet forming nozzles was justified. The dependence of the speed of alluvial deposits cutting from the cutting time is presented as well. Authors determined the rate of water flow of one jet forming nozzle, which makes it possible to determine the total water consumption in drainage watering device per unit of area of flushed drain pipe. At the calculations in this article the conditions of incoherent alluvial deposits were considered.

Read More

THE INFLUENCE OF DRIP IRRIGATION ON THE GROWTH OF THE SEEDLINGS OF THE APPLE TREES ON THE DWARFTREE STOCKS IN THE ZHAMBYL REGION

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The estimation of the influence of drip irrigation on the growth and development of the seedlings of the apple (Varieties Idared, Mutsu and Celeste) trees on the dwarf tree stocks in the conditions of the insufficient natural moisture in the foothill-steppe zone of the Zhambyl region is given in the paper. The value of pre-irrigation moisture and the depth of the watering soil layer, which create the best conditions for productivity increasing of the apple trees with a maximum increase in diameter of the trunk and vegetative shoots to form a crown for the future harvest of the apples, were determined.

Read More

REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF REPLACEMENT GILTS OF DIFFERENT GENOTYPES

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The work presents the result of researches of reproductive qualities of replacement gilts of different genotypes obtained by using pigs of large white breed of domestic and Irish selection under the industrial complex. Authors confirmed the practicability of using doublebreed crossbred replacement gilts to complete the commercial pig herds of sows to produce highly productive young pigs for fattening. It was found that the hybrid crossbred replacement gilts of Large White Ulster of Irish selection x landrace (LWU x L) have better reproductive performance in comparison with the repair purebred pigs of large white breed of domestic breeding.

Read More

THE VARIABILITY OF APPLE SUMMER VARIETIES FRUIT BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AT THE BOTANICAL GARDEN NAMED AFTER VS.M. KRUTOVSKY

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents data on the chemical composition of Apple fruit in summer ripening, growing in the Botanical garden Vs.M. Krutovsky, the varieties with a balanced content of the most valuable elements that provide the taste and healing qualities. The presence of high variability of the content of biochemical elements in Apple fruits depending on varietal facilities and environmental conditions causes the necessity of studying their content in Apple trees with the aim of selecting the most valuable biotypes in balance BAV.

Read More

RESULTS OF THE INVENTORY OF GREEN SPACES OF KINDERGARDEN NO 4 “OSIKTAKAN” IN TURA VIL.

Posted in 2017, AGRICULTURE, Issue № 2(56) February 2017 | 0 comments

The article presents data on the inventory of trees, growing on the territory of the kindergarten No 4 “Osiktakan” in Tura vil. The goal of studying the number of trees was to identify the causes and appointment of methods for reconstruction of green spaces. The list of trees and shrubs growing on the territory was drawn up as a result of inventory, biometric indicators were defined and an the condition of trees was estimated. As a result of inventory authors give recommendations to expand the range of trees and shrubs and their further maintenance.

Read More